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McDougal Littell Formal Response to the Texas Public Policy Foundation Report Creating America: Beginnings Through Reconstruction

McDougal Littell appreciates the opportunity to respond to the comments raised by the Texas Public Policy Foundation regarding Creating America: Beginnings Through Reconstruction. (Please note that the TPPF report incorrectly showed the title of this book as Celebrating America.) After reviewing the list of comments, we have determined that a number are matters of interpretation; or, in some cases, the comments raise questions about the amount or depth of coverage we have provided regarding specific topics. We believe we have provided full and sufficient coverage of historical information as required by the TEKS, and that our content covers the historical topics, time lines, and themes appropriate to an 8th grade U.S. history text. In those cases in which the TPPF has called our attention to a verified factual error, we appreciate their careful review and will revise our text to reflect their recommendations. Comments specific to each point raised by the TPPF follow.

1. Page 36: The sentence in question will be changed from, "They ultimately failed to take the Holy Land, . . . " to "They ultimately failed to keep the Holy Land, . . . ". (This change was included on the Publisher's List of Editorial Corrections submitted to the TEA.) 2. Page 386 (note TPPF report incorrectly identified page 326): The level of detail about Santa Anna suggested by the reviewer is not possible given the available space on the page. In addition, the historical focus of this page is on the events that led to the Texas Revolution rather than Santa Anna's role as a dictator. The text is accurate as is. 3. TE Page 387: The "line in the sand" story is not universally "rejected" by historians. Furthermore, the text clearly acknowledges that the story is disputed by some historians. The text is accurate as is. 4. Page 391: The level of detail asked for is not possible given the available space on the page. In addition, the textbook has a map on page 392 that shows both the Nueces River and the Rio Grande. The text is accurate as is. 5. Page 395: To make the text more accurate, the last sentence in the second paragraph will be edited to read: "Finally, it also promised to protect the approximately 80,000 Mexicans living in Texas and the Mexican Cession." 1

6. PE Page 393: A PE change for this page was submitted to the TEA as part of the Publisher's List. The PE correction was to paragraph 2 under "Capturing New Mexico and California," lines 6 and 7, and reads: "Then Kearny and a small force of soldiers marched toward California, which had only 8,000 to 12,000 Mexican residents. The remaining force moved south toward Mexico." To fit the additional copy, the first sentence in the same paragraph has been edited to read: "Six weeks and 650 rugged miles later, . . . " TE Page 393: The PE statistics now match those in the TE sidebar. The TE text is accurate as is. PE Page 396: To make the statistic on Californios match those on PE and TE page 393, the following change will be made to the first sentence under "California Before the Rush": "Before the forty-niners came, California was populated by as many as 150,000 Native Americans and 8,000 to 12,000 Californios--settlers of Spanish or Mexican descent. . . . " 7. Page 30: To correct the map, the label "Comanche" will be deleted from the region of Texas. (This change was included on the Publisher's List of Editorial Corrections submitted to the TEA.) 8. Page 385: To correct the map, the label "Texas Territory" will be replaced with "Coahuila and Texas." (This change was included on the Publisher's List of Editorial Corrections submitted to the TEA.) 9. TE Page 400: Under "Miners and Discrimination" in the sidebar, replace the last sentence with the following copy: "The 1852 law, which replaced an 1850 law that had imposed a $20-a-month tax, remained in effect until 1870." (This change was included on the Publisher's List of Editorial Corrections submitted to the TEA.) 10. Page 31: This is a matter of interpretation. The text does not suggest that Iroquois women had inordinately more power than they actually had. However, to clarify this issue, the seventh sentence in the third paragraph will be edited to read (new copy bracketed):

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". . . [Though tribal leadership was male,] women played important roles in Iroquois society. . . . " 11. Page 145: To acknowledge the variance of opinion on what Patrick Henry actually said, the last sentence of the second full paragraph will be edited to read: "When another member shouted that resistance was treason, Henry reportedly replied, `If this be treason, make the most of it!'" 12. Pages 299 and 303: The text of these pages is accurate as is. By the War of 1812, Thomas Jefferson was no longer president. A discussion of his change in opinion toward farming vs. commerce after the war is not possible given the space constraints of the text. However, to be sure that students are not misled, we propose to edit the first line of the first full paragraph on page 326 to read: "Many Americans did not want the United States to industrialize." 13. Page 442: The feature on trade as written is appropriate for the age of the students. In addition, the example given (trade between the North and the South) illustrates trade in which both parties are better off than before. A more complicated definition of trade with examples in which only one party is better off than before would be appropriate for a more advanced audience. The text is accurate as is. 14. Page 571: In the Pupil's Edition, the following change will be made to the last paragraph to more accurately reflect Hoover's attitude toward government intervention: ". . . He warned that federal government action would make things worse. Relief, or government aid . . . " In addition, the Reading History question in the inner column will be replaced with: "What was Hoover's attitude toward federal aid to the poor?" TE Page 571: The answer to the inner column note will be changed to: "Hoover felt federal aid might make Americans dependent on handouts." 15. Page 232: This is a matter of interpretation. The effect of an interstate road system has in fact been to pull the nation together. The text is accurate as is. 16. Page 232: The text does not state that the "Framers" intended the phrase "general welfare" to include "safety in the workplace" and "aid to the poor." Rather, workplace safety and relief for the poor are two contemporary examples of government protecting the welfare of U.S. citizens. The text is accurate as is.

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17. Page 232: We propose to delete "Federal Election Commission" from the chart and substitute "National Council on Disability."

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