Read Microsoft Word - APUSH Study Guide XII & XIII.website.doc text version

APUSH Study Guide ­ Units XII and XIII Tests (chapters 27 to 30)

In order to prepare for the 1950's (chapter 27) , know the information listed below. This handout is for your use only ­ I will not be collecting your notes. There will be 23 multiple choice questions on the exam. NOTE THAT FOR SOME ANSWERS YOU NEED TO READ PORTIONS OF AMERICAN PAGEANT. If I say "read" it is to give you more in depth information ­ a better insight into the times (which you will need for answers on this test as well as on the APUSH exam). You are not responsible for specific details (dates, names) in these pages unless they are listed below.

Chapter 27 ­ The Eisenhower Years 1952-1960

In what ways were the lives of Americans changed during the Eisenhower years (pages 581-583 in Amsco, pages 911-915 in Pageant)? What was Ike's most "permanent" legacy? Why? Stalin died in 1953. Did American foreign policy change after his death? Explain. What was the "Spirit of Geneva"? How was Khrushchev similar/different to Stalin? There are MANY relevant/important aspects to "Sputnik" ­ know all of them (pages 903904 Pageant, pages 557-578 AMSCO) What was Ike's economic policy? What problems did he face as President? How did he deal with them? Read both Pageant (908-910) and AMSCO (571, 572). Due to the prosperity, following traditional Republican policy, Ike reduced taxes. How did Ike respond to New Deal policies? FDR and Truman were Democrats, who believed that the federal government should intervene (spend federal money) to assist citizens. Generally, Republicans believe that the federal government should not be involved in assisting individuals (especially to the extent of the New Deal)- such issues should be left to the states. Know the social issues, particularly the Civil Rights issues that arose during this time period. What was the role of the Supreme Court? What was the role of the federal (versus state) government? The 14th Amendment to the Constitution is consistently used by the courts to determine a wide range of issues. How was this Amendment used in Civil Rights legislation? What president first got the U.S. involved in Vietnam? How? Why? Terms (RELEVANCE, not just definition): Brown v. Board of Education (know the year as well), Plessey v. Ferguson (and year), Eisenhower Doctrine, Watts Riot, G.I. Bill of Rights, Dulles Diplomacy (brinkmanship), Massive Retaliation, Covert Action, Indochina, Geneva Conference 1954 (there were many Geneva Conferences in the 20th century ­ know which ones you are referring to), Ho Chi Minh, Viet Minh, Domino Theory, SEATO, Suez Crisis (and year), Nasser, Eisenhower Doctrine, OPEC, Hungarian Revolt, de facto recognition (in "Hungarian Revolt" section pg 577), 2nd Berlin Crisis, U-2 Incident, beatniks, flower children, drones, hippies, yuppies, peaceful coexistence, containment, détente, Earl Warren, Nixon's "Checkers" speech (will discuss in class), MLK Jr., Ike's "Farewell Address"

Chapter 28 ­ Promises and Turmoil: The 1960s

In order to prepare for the 1950's (chapter 27) , know the information listed below. This handout is for your use only ­ I will not be collecting your notes. There will be 26 multiple choice questions on the exam. NOTE THAT FOR SOME ANSWERS YOU NEED TO READ PORTIONS OF AMERICAN PAGEANT. If I say "read" it is to give you more in depth information ­ a better insight into the times (which you will need for answers on this test as well as on the APUSH exam). You are not responsible for specific details (dates, names) in these pages unless they are listed below. Importance of the televised debates between Nixon and Kennedy in 1960 (read pages 905-906, 916-918 about Kennedy in Pageant). What did Kennedy mean by a "missile gap"? What was Kennedy's economic policy? What were the "New Frontier Programs?" How were they similar/different from previous presidents? Compare/contrast JFK's Civil Rights agenda to LBJ's ­ why were they different? Evaluate LBJ and The Great Society (pg 955 AMSCO, pgs 940-941 in Pageant) Know the different Great Society Programs Read pages 941-945 of Pageant Know JFK's economic policy ­ pages 917-918 in Pageant Civil Rights ­ read pages 923-926, including page 925, AND 932-933 in Pageant) United Farm Workers and Caesar Chavez (page 1024 in Pageant) What role did each of the following Presidents have in getting the U.S. involved in Vietnam: Eisenhower, JFK, LBJ Which 4 Americans (listed on this page) were assassinated in the 1960s? Terms (RELEVANCE, not just definition): flexible response, containment, brinkmanship, massive retaliation, Bay of Pigs, U-2 Incident, Cuban Missile Crisis, Peace Corps, Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, Berlin Wall, Port Huron, SDS (Students for a Democratic Society), Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, War Powers Act, TET Offensive, Civil Rights Acts of 1964 and 1965, Voting Rights Act of 1965, LSD, Woodstock, Job Corps, Youth Corps, Head Start, Medicare, VISTA, Medgar Evers (look him up on the Web), MLK, Robert Kennedy, Malcolm X, Huey Newton, James Meredith, Stokely Carmichael, George Wallace, March on Washington, Black Muslims, Elijah Muhammad, Black Panthers, "Burn Baby Burn", Watts, Betty Friedan, Gloria Steinem,

Chapter 29 ­ Limits of a Superpower: 1969-1980

In order to prepare for the Chapter 29 exam , know the information listed below. This handout is for your use only ­ I will not be collecting your notes. There will be 24 multiple choice questions on the exam. NOTE THAT FOR SOME ANSWERS YOU NEED TO READ PORTIONS OF AMERICAN PAGEANT. If I say "read" it is to give you more in depth information ­ a better insight into the times (which you will need for answers on this test as well as on the APUSH exam). You are not responsible for specific details (dates, names) in these pages unless they are listed below. Know the causes of inflation in the 1970's ­ CAREFULLY read pages 946-947 in Pageant Know the main issues surrounding Watergate, including: the Pentagon Papers (page 950 in Pageant), Daniel Ellsberg, taping system in Oval Office, John Dean, Haldeman, Ehrlichman, the "Plumbers", CREEP, "dirty tricks", "enemies list", use by the President's men of the IRS, FBI, CIA (page 959 Pageant), "corrupt bargain", Pardoning of Nixon, "national nightmare". Was Nixon impeached? What does impeachment mean? 1972 Presidential Election ­ which groups of people (demographics) supported George McGovern (page 954 Pageant)? What did Arthur Schlesinger mean by the term "imperial presidency"? How is an imperial presidency different from what the Founding Fathers had in mind? When studying other presidents in these two units (XII and XIII), think about which ones you might consider "imperial" ­ Why? (pages 620, 634-5 of AMSCO) Vietnam continued: Know the RELEVANCE of: The War Powers Act, Cambodia (what was the problem with the U.S. bombing Cambodia? ­ Read pages 949-950 in Pageant), Paris Accords (1973), how did the "war" end?, My Lai Why did Vice President Agnew (a former Maryland governor) resign? What made Gerald Ford's presidency "unique"? (Besides the fact that he played football at the University of Michigan). Why didn't Ford get reelected? Why did Jimmy Carter win the election in 1976? What were the guiding issues of President Carter's foreign policy? What was the main reason why he was not reelected? Read pages 951-952 in Pageant. What was the focus of the Warren Court? What were the main decisions of this court that are described on these pages (know the relevance of each decision)? What was Nixon's reaction to the Warren Court's focus? What was ironic about Nixon nominating Warren Burger to the Supreme Court? What was the focus of the Burger Court? Major decisions? What were the causes and impact of the Arab Oil Embargo (pages 958-959 in Pageant) Terms (RELEVANCE, not just definition): Nixon Doctrine, Vietnamization, New Federalism, stagflation, Henry Kissinger, Détente, October War and Oil embargo (page 958 Pageant), OPEC, Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, SALT I, SALT II, Camp David Accords (1978), Panama Canal, genocide in Cambodia (Khmer Rouge), Iran and the hostage crisis, American Indian Movement, boycott of the 1980 Olympics in Moscow, changes in immigration to U.S., Minority Rights, Gay liberation movement, environmental movement

Chapter 30 ­ The Conservative Challenge: 1980-Present

In order to prepare for the Chapter 30 exam, know the information listed below. This handout is for your use only ­ I will not be collecting your notes. There will be 19 multiple choice questions on the exam. NOTE THAT FOR SOME ANSWERS YOU NEED TO READ PORTIONS OF AMERICAN PAGEANT. If I say "read" it is to give you more in depth information ­ a better insight into the times (which you will need for answers on this test as well as on the APUSH exam). You are not responsible for specific details (dates, names) in these pages unless they are listed below. Carefully read the introductions to the chapters in both books (pages 643-644 in AMSCO, and pages 976-977 in Pageant) so that you understand the "conservative" agenda in the 1980s ­ what were they for? What were they against? Why were they different from conservatives in prior decades? What is a "neoconservative" (page 977 in Pageant) Who were the "religious right"? What were their goals? (page 644 in AMSCO and page 988 in Pageant) One of the important aspects of the Reagan administration was the economy. You need to have an understanding of Reagan's economic goals, how these goals were related to his foreign and domestic policies. For a deeper (clearer?) understanding, read pages 980-81 in Pageant What was the impact of Reaganomics? (read AMSCO as well as CAREFULLY reading "Reagan's Economic Legacy" on page 987 of Pageant) What was the relevance of each of the following in Reagan's Central American foreign policy: Grenada, Sandinistas, Iran-contra (see my handout), Nicaragua, Boland Amendment What causes the collapse of communism in Russia? What role (if any) did President Reagan play in this? (Besides AMSCO, read pages 990-994 of Pageant) What was unique about the 1984 presidential race? What were the causes/effects of the First Persian Gulf War? Why wasn't George Bush reelected in 1992? What setbacks did Clinton face in his first administration? (AMSCO) Know the details of Clinton's impeachment proceedings (use my handout) Terms (RELEVANCE, not just definition): Supply-side economics, Keynesian economics, deregulation, recession, budget and trade deficits, moral majority, Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Balanced Budget Act, Mickhail Gorbachev, Boris Yeltsin, perestroika, glasnost, Evil Empire, Strategic Defense Initiative, Affirmative Action, New World Order, START I Treaty, START II Treaty, Tiananmen Square, Solidarity Movement in Poland, Sandra Day O'Connor, "Don't Ask Don't Tell"

APUSH Essay Questions 1978-2007

Units XII and XIII

On every exam there is ONE DBQ question and 2 essays students have to answer (write). Students HAVE to answer the DBQ's, which we will discuss later this year. There are 2 essays pre-1777 ­ students are allowed to select which essay they choose to answer. There are 2 essays post-1776 - students are allowed to select which essay they choose to answer. Therefore, students will be writing one DBQ, and 2 essays on the exam.

The College Board recommends that students spend 5 minutes organizing their ideas, and 30 minutes writing each FR essay.

1945-1960 Cold War

2006 While the United States appeared to be dominated by consensus and conformity in the 1950s, some Americans reacted against the status quo. Analyze the critiques of United States society made by TWO of the following: · youth · Civil rights activists · intellectuals 2006 DBQ (alternate) Analyze developments from 1941 to 1949 that increased suspicion and tension between the United States and the Soviet Union. Use the documents and your knowledge of the period 1941-1949 to construct your response. 2005 (alternate) Analyze the ways in which Two of the following contributed to the changes in women's lives in the United States in the mid-twentieth century. Wars Medical and/or technical advances Literature and /or popular culture 2004 Analyze the successes and failures of the United States Cold War policy of containment as it developed in TWO of the following regions of the world during the period 1945 to 1975. · East Southeast Asia · Latin America · Europe · Middle East 2003 Compare and contrast United States society in the 1920s and 1950s with respect to TWO of the following: race relations role of women consumerism 2002 Compare and contrast the United States foreign policy after the first World War and after the second World War. Consider the periods 1919-1928 and 1945-1950. 2002 (alternate) Analyze the ways in TWO of the following shaped American politics after the Second World War. · Anticommunism in the 1940s and 1950s · The women's liberation movement in the 1960s · The "silent majority" in the 1970s 2002 How did the African-American civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s address the failures of Reconstruction? 2001 DBQ What were the Cold War fears of the American people in the aftermath of the Second World War? How successful did the administration of President Dwight D. Eisenhower address these fears? 2000 Discuss, with respect to two of the following, the view that the 1960s represented a period of profound cultural change. * Education * Music * Gender roles *Race relations 1999 Assess the success of the United States policy of containment in Asia between 1945 and 1975. 1997 How do you account for the appeal of McCarthyism in the United States in the era following the Second World War. 1996 Analyze the influence of TWO of the following on American-Soviet relations in the decade following the Second World War. · Yalta Conference · Korean War · Communist revolution in China · McCarthyism 1994 To what extent did the decade of the 1950's deserve its reputation as an age of political, social, and cultural conformity?

AP Questions, 1980-2007

1993 Describe THREE of the following and analyze the ways in which each of the three has affected the status of women in American society since 1940. · Changing economic conditions · The rebirth of an organized women's movement · Advances in reproductive technology · The persistence of traditional definitions of women's roles. 1992 In 1945, Winston Churchill said that the United States stood at the summit of the world. Discuss the developments in the thirty years following Churchill's speech which called the global preeminence of the United States into question. 1991 Although the 1960's are usually considered the decade of greatest achievement for Black civil rights, the 1940's and 1950's were periods of equally important gains. Assess the validity of this statement. 1989 "Vice-Presidents who have succeeded to the presidency on the death of the President have been less effective in their conduct of domestic AND foreign policy than the men they replaced." Assess the validity of this statement for any TWO of the following pairs. William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson 1985 The size, character, and effectiveness of the organized labor movement changed significantly during the late nineteenth century and the first half of the twentieth century. Apply this statement to TWO of the following periods: a) 1870-1915 b) 1915-1935 c) 1935-1950 1985 What accounted for the growth between 1940 and 1965 of popular and governmental concern for the position of Blacks in American society. 1984 "Harry S. Truman was a realistic, pragmatic President who skillfully led the American people against the menace posed by the Soviet Union." Assess the validity of this generalization for President Truman's foreign policy from 1945 to 1953. 1983 "Shifts in party control of the presidency during the twentieth century have typically not brought major shifts in domestic policy." Assess the validity of this statement by discussing the extent to which these two President's adopted the domestic programs of the previous presidential administrations given in parentheses beneath their names. Woodrow Wilson (Administrations Franklin D. Roosevelt

of William H. Taft and Theodore Roosevelt) (Administration of Herbert C. Hoover)

Dwight D. Eisenhower Richard M. Nixon

(Administrations of Harry S. Truman (Administrations of John F. Kennedy and and Franklin D. Roosevelt) Lyndon B. Johnson)

1982 Compare the goals and strategies of the Black reform movements of the period 1890-1910 to the goals and strategies of the Black reform movements in the period 1950-1970. 1981 Why did United States foreign policy after the Second World War (1945-1960) take a different direction from that after the First World War (1918-1939)? Give approximately equal attention to both periods.

1960-1980s Modern America 2007 "Landslide presidential victories do not ensure continued political effectiveness or legislative success." Assess

the validity of this statement by comparing TWO of the following presidential administrations. Franklin Roosevelt (1936) Richard Nixon (1972) Lyndon Johnson (1964 Ronald Reagan (1984) 2007 DBQ (alternate) In what ways did the administration of President Lyndon B. Johnson respond to the political, economic and social problems of the United States. Assess the effectiveness of these responses. Use the documents and your knowledge of the period 1960-1970 to construct your responses.

AP Questions, 1980-2007

2005 Analyze the extent to which TWO of the following transformed American society in the 1960s and 1970s. * *The Civil Rights movement *The women's movement *The antiwar movement 2005 Describe the patterns of immigration in TWO of the periods listed below. Compare and contrast the responses of Americans to immigrants in these periods. 1820 to 1860 1965 to 2000 1880 to 1924

2004 (alternate) "Between 1960 and 1975, there was great progress in the struggle for political and social equality." Assess the validity of this statement with respect to TWO of the following groups during that period. · African Americans · Native Americans · Asian Americans · Women · Latinos 2003 (alternate) Describe and account for changes in the American presidency between 1960 and 1975, as symbolized by Kennedy's "Camelot," Johnson's Great Society, and Nixon's Watergate. In your answer, address the powers of the presidency and the role of the media. 2002 How did African American Civil Rights movement of the 1950's and 1960's address the failures of Reconstruction? 2002 (alternate) Analyze the ways in TWO of the following shaped American politics after the Second World War. · Anticommunism in the 1940s and 1950s · The women's liberation movement in the 1960s · The "silent majority" in the 1970s 2000 Discuss, with respect to two of the following, the view that the 1960s represented a period of profound cultural change. · Education · Music · Gender roles · Race relations 1999 Assess the success of the United States policy of containment in Asia between 1945 and 1975. 1998 1968 was a turning point for the United States." To what extent is this an accurate assessment? In your answer, discuss TWO of the following: · National politics · Vietnam War · Civil Rights 1995 DBQ Analyze the changes that occurred during the 1960s in the goals, strategies, and support of the movement for African American civil rights. Use the documents and your knowledge of the history of the 1960s to construct your response. 1993 Describe THREE of the following and analyze the ways in which each of the three has affected the status of women in American society since 1940. · Changing economic conditions · The rebirth of an organized women's movement · Advances in reproductive technology · The persistence of traditional definitions of women's roles. 1992 In what ways did the Great Society resemble the New Deal in its origins, goals, and social and political legacy? Cite specific programs and policies in support of your arguments. 1992 In 1945, Winston Churchill said that the United States stood at the summit of the world. Discuss the developments in the thirty years following Churchill's speech which called the global preeminence of the United States into question.

Information

Microsoft Word - APUSH Study Guide XII & XIII.website.doc

7 pages

Find more like this

Report File (DMCA)

Our content is added by our users. We aim to remove reported files within 1 working day. Please use this link to notify us:

Report this file as copyright or inappropriate

191985