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Fly Fishing Rocky Mountain National Park

By Dick Shinton

Comments by Rocky Mountain Fly fisher

This article was published in a shortened form in High Country Angler Magazine in 2009, and I thought that it would be a shame not to pass on any of Dick's knowledge to the world, and so this eBook is the result. Rocky Mountain Fly Fisher has added a few additional pieces of information to the original article with the author's permission and will note these additions.

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You know you have met someone who has found the work that they love. Dick has entered his second life as a fly shop hand and fishing guide and found his calling. His heart is dedicated to passing this great sport onto the younger generation and enjoys taking out young clients to teach them to fish. He has also started a Trout Unlimited Kids Learn to Fly Fish program in Longmont where he organizes classes and lessons to teach them how not only to fly fish, but tie flies and identify bugs. The man has a heart of gold. Dick Shinton is a guide for the Laughing Grizzly Fly Shop in Longmont, CO, and fishes the Park about 100 days per year.

Fly Fishing Rocky Mountain National Park By Dick Shinton

Working in a fly shop, I often hear from friends, customers and clients about trips to exciting destinations with fabulous fishing. The stories are often about wonderful western tailwaters like the Gray Reef, the Yampa, the Green and the Bighorn. I've heard all about steelhead fishing in British Columbia and Great Lakes tributaries. I've been regaled with tales of ten-pound bones and big-shouldered permit on Andros Island flats. And then there are the truly exotic once-in-a-lifetime places like Mongolia and Kamchatka, with fish as big and wild and unknown as the names of the places themselves. I listen, and I dream...

Dick in his natural environment

But then I wake up and realize that I have some of the best fishing in the Unites States, in one of the most beautiful places in the world, right in my backyard. It's called Rocky Mountain National Park (RMNP). Those of us who partake of its beauty and fish there regularly just call it The Park. If you hang out for any time at all in a northern Front Range fly shop, you'll eventually hear an exchange that goes like this: "Headin' out?" "Yeah." "Where ya goin'?" "The Park." Or you might hear a slightly different version- "Been fishin?" "Yeah." Where'dja go?" "The Park." This cryptic code means, in the first case, "I'm going to go catch a bunch of fish." and in the second case "I caught a bunch of fish."

What can you expect when fishing the Park? First of all, expect small waters. Most of the creeks and streams flow in waterways that are 50 feet wide or less that run full only during the late spring/early summer snowmelt. Post-runoff, some stretches of a stream may be 40 feet wide and 6 inches deep, and other stretches may be compressed into deeper runs and holes that are only 10 to 20 feet wide. You'll also find lots of tiny streams less than 6 feet wide, especially at higher altitudes. As the season progresses, streams become narrower and shallower, until that once 40-foot wide stream is reduced to a 10-foot wide pocket-studded run. Most of the lakes are relatively small- just a few acres in size. Some are very deep, but most are fairly shallow.

Rocky Mountain Fly Fisher Note:

Of the 156 lakes that are found in the park, only 48 contain trout populations. Additionally, Rocky Mountain National Park has over 150 miles of streams that are known to support fish populations. A partial list of fishable lakes and streams is found at The National Parks Service here. This is only a partial list, but it is a good resource to start planning your trip and contains most of the easily assessable waters that you will encounter. Or you can go off the beaten trail and discover your own. If you have any questions, the Park Rangers are willing to help and provide you with information or directions.

Next, expect small fish. Most of what you catch will range between 8 and 12 inches. But that doesn't mean there aren't big fish. I regularly see fish over 18 inches, and a brown that I estimated at more than 24 inches chased a smaller fish that I had hooked in a 10 foot wide stream. I also saw a 26 inch brown caught in a small lake that is fished regularly for its eager population of small brookies, right next to a picnic ground with a large parking area. A friend caught a 20+" brown in a blown-out beaver pond in a stream that is rarely more than 15 feet wide even during the runoff period. No matter the size of the fish, they are all wild reproducing populations; the Park hasn't been stocked in decades other than to reintroduce the greenback cutt to its native waters.

Rocky Mountain Fly Fisher Note: In spring of 2009, Dick joined the small club of people who have caught a 20+ inch fish in the park. Armed with his 3wt rod, he managed to bring in a 23 inch brown trout, one of the prettiest fish that I have seen. If you were to ask him about it, he will simply respond that he just got lucky, and just how much he really enjoyed watching his friend hook up with a beautiful greenback on his last trip.

Finally, expect little fishing pressure. Yes, there are a few places that get hit hard, but most of the Park's waters see very few fishermen. If you are willing to walk as little as 15 minutes, you can have a stream to yourself without seeing another angler all day. I'm not talking about remote waters; you can find solitary fishing right along some of the most popular trails in the Park. You just have to go a few hundred yards or a half-mile from where you park your truck. Most of the best lake-fishing destinations require a hike of several miles that vary from easy walks to difficult scrambles, but there are productive lakes within an easy one mile hike or less.

One of the owners of our shop, Mike Kruise, when asked for directions on where to fish in the Park often says "Open the map, find a blue line, then go fishing." Good advice. On the east side of the divide, the Big Thompson River, Glacier Creek, Fall River and, in the southeast corner of the Park, the North St. Vrain River in the Wild Basin area, provide some of the best fishing. West of the divide, the Colorado River and its tributaries are the main attractions.

Seasons of the Park

Spring Streams below 9000 feet start to become fishable in some years as early as late March, when a warm spell begins to melt the ice and snow. By mid- to late April, there is plenty of open water. This early spring period before the runoff begins in earnest can be spectacular. Insects are beginning to stir as the days lengthen, and the fish start to eat with gusto. Tiny (size 18-20) black and brown stoneflies are active. You'll often see the adults on the snow along streams. Midges and BWOs become available as the weather and the water warm.

Early Spring Patterns · San Juan Worms in purple or pink, size 14-16. · Copper Johns in red, copper or blue, sizes 14-18. · Pheasant Tail, Gold Ribbed Hare's Ear and Prince nymphs, sizes 14-18. · Assorted midge larva, pupae, emergers and dries in size 20 and smaller. · Small (size 18-20) dark stonefly dries; a small dark Elk Hair Caddis often works. · BWOs or Adams dries, sizes 16-18. · Foam hopper patterns such as the Charlie Boy Hopper or Los Alamos Ant, sizes 12-14 for use as the point fly in a dry/dropper rig. Both dry/dropper or two-nymph rigs with a strike indicator are effective. An excellent setup is a foam hopper with a red Copper John or purple San Juan Worm dropper.

Blue Copper John

Pheasant Tail

San Juan Worm

Runoff As the weather and water warm up in May and June, stream flows increase and become off-color as snowmelt reaches its peak. Many anglers put away their gear during this period, but they are missing out on some great fishing. High water and fast currents concentrate the fish in soft water along the edges of streams and behind obstructions where they find cover as well as relief from the heavy water. Even during the unusually high volume and long-lasting runoff in 2008, we caught plenty of fish. Focus on the soft water areas and fish two-nymph setups. If fish start to hit your strike indicator, switch to a dry/dropper rig. As my friend Frank Drummond says, "If the fish are hitting your indicator, it indicates that you should be using a dry fly." While you won't see many hatches this time of year, you'll see some, including the small stones and BWOs noted above, as well as a few caddis, especially in quiet backwaters and eddies.

Runoff Patterns · All of the patterns above, plus · Caddis larvae and pupaeBarr's Graphic Caddis, Lafontaine Deep Sparkle Pupa, and cased and uncased caddis larva patterns are good choices. · Caddis dries and emergers such as the Elk Hair Caddis, E/C Caddis or Tabou Caddis Emerger. Nymphing is usually the most effective approach during runoff, but dry/dropper setups are sometimes effective, especially during hatches.

Lafontaine Pupa

Midge Pupa

Summer and Fall If you love dry fly fishing, as I do, the Park is heaven on earth from the end of runoff until November. As summer weather and temperatures arrive, even the highest lakes and streams open. Ice-off on the high lakes means hungry fish. Sight-fishing to cruising greenbacks with tiny midge patterns provides heartpounding action.

Hatches along streams include several reliable mayflies- Red Quills, Green Drakes, and PMDs abound. Caddis come alive, and larger stoneflies become more plentiful. Tiny chartreuse Yellow Sallies flit around like blurry little fuzzballs. The fish are, as they say, "looking up." While some days require a strict match the hatch approach, most of the time anything that floats will be hammered.

Summer and Fall Patterns · Adams or Parachute Adams, sizes 14-18. · Red Quill, PMD and BWO mayfly dries and spent spinners, sizes 14-18. · PMD and BWO emerger patterns such as the Barr Emerger, sizes 16-18. · Green Drake, sizes 10-14. · Caddis- Elk Hair Caddis, E/C Caddis and X-Caddis are excellent, sizes 14-16. · Caddis pupae and emergers- Graphic Caddis, Deep Sparkle Pupa and Tabou Caddis Emerger, sizes 14-18. · Terrestrials- foam hoppers, ants and beetles, sizes 12-18. · Attractor dries such as Humpies, Royal Wulffs and Stimulators sizes 12-18. · Standard nymph patterns such as the Hare's Ear, Pheasant Tail, Copper John and Prince, sizes 14-18. · Lakes demand tiny (size 20-24) midge dries and emergers. Griffith's Gnats and Adams are often good producers.

Foam Beettle

Los Alamos Ant

Parachute Adams

Fish a dry by itself, or if that's not working, use a dry/dropper combination with an emerger or small nymph. My standard setup is a size 16 Parachute Adams trailing a mayfly or caddis emerger, or, in late summer, a Los Alamos Ant or beetle pattern.

A dry/dropper setup is done by attaching a nymph to the hook bend of a dry fly, about 12 inches apart.

Rocky Mountain Fly Fisher Note: Equipment The streams of Rocky Mountain National Park are small streams, and can be fished with lighter rods in the 3-5wt range, with lighter rods being the rod of choice. A shorter rod will be helpful here as the streamside vegetation can crowd the stream. If you are up for a real challenge though (lots of fun) you can fish an even lighter rod in the 1-2 wt range (or a 0 if you are really brave) and just have a blast. Leaders and tippets should be light, 5x and 6x. I would have a spool of 7x if you are going in the early spring or fall, as you can run into some really small bugs hatching on the water.

Weather and Other Hazards Weather in the Park must be respected. · Late fall and early spring may bring sudden snow, sleet or rain storms. Be prepared by wearing layers that allow you to adjust to changing conditions. · Summer means thunderstorms. Know what to do during a storm, especially above timberline; get to a lower altitude if it can be done safely. · Always carry a light rain jacket and wear a hat. · Beware of altitude sickness and sunburn; always wear sunglasses for eye protection. · Take plenty of water, or better yet, use a water bottle with a builtin filter. · Carry a small survival kit, especially if you fish by yourself. · Let somebody know where you are going and when you expect to return, and ask them to call the Park administration if you don't call by a pre-arranged time.

Regulations Because many of the tourists who fish the Park are not aware of the fishing regulations, there are a lot of unintentional violations. Unfortunately, the Park is not very effective in making the regulations known; visitors do not receive a copy of the RMNP fishing regulations when entering the park unless they ask for them. There are no signs explaining the regs. Individual rangers I've encountered are very helpful and effective in enforcement, however. I routinely carry a copy or two of the RMNP fishing regulations in my vest, and I've had many occasions to pass them along. I've also helped many spin-fishing anglers by sharing my flies and strike indicators and showing them how to use their spinning gear as an effective nymph rig.

The basic regulations as of this writing are: · All greenback cutthroat must be returned to the water immediately. · Fishing is limited to barbless flies and lures. This does not include: (a) any hand moldable material designed to attract fish by the sense of taste or smell; (b) any device to which scents or smell attractants have been externally applied; (c) molded plastic devices less than one and one-half inch in length; (d) foods; (e) traditional organic baits such as worms, grubs, crickets, leeches, minnows, and fish eggs; and (f) manufactured baits such as imitation fish eggs, dough baits, or stink baits. · Children 12 years of age or under may use worms or preserved fish eggs in all park waters open to fishing except those designated as catch-and release areas. · No more than two flies may be used at one time.

· The catch limit is as follows: Species Rainbow, Brown, Colorado River Cutthroat,* Non-native Cutthroat* Greenback Cutthroat Trout Brook Trout Additional Brook Trout Bonus Possession Limit 2 Length 10" or more

0 6 (8 if no other species are possessed) 10

Catch-andRelease-ONLY any size 8" or less

*Even the experts have difficulty telling the difference between greenback and other cutthroat species; it is a good practice to release all cutthroats immediately.

Rainbow Trout Greenback Cutthroat Brook Trout Brown Trout

It is important to know your fish types, as Rocky Mountain is home to the endangered Greenback Cutthroat. A gem of the high country and sight to behold, Greenback Cutthroat are the only trout in the park that are native to the front range of Colorado and were thought to be extinct. An extensive program has been undertaken by the Park to restore this fish to its native rage. If you are lucky enough to catch one, please return the fish to the water unharmed and as quickly as possible.

Additional Resources In addition to the map you receive when you enter the Park, the serious Park angler should have a copy of Trails Illustrated's National Geographic RMNP map. Todd Hosman's Fly Fishing Rocky Mountain National Park is the authority on RMNP angling. I'll probably continue to dream about Ulan Bator and Ft. Smith and Pesca Maya and Andros and such places, but when it comes to my own fishing adventures, you'll most often find me with my 2-wt somewhere on Glacier. Tight Lines, Dick Shinton

Rocky Mountain Fly Fisher Bonus: Tips and Ideas when Traveling with your Family You may be in the Park for a family vacation. This section is to help give you some ideas on how to get in some fishing while keeping family harmony. Teach your kids to fish! Use this time to make some memories. Moraine Park is a great area to teach your kids to fly fish. With a wide-open meadow, they'll have easy access to trout and they won't have to worry about snagging in a bush. Be prepared to walk a little, but you should have not problems finding a spot where you can introduce your children to fishing.

Remember too, that most of us did not start out fly-fishing. Rigging up a fly and bubble setup on a spin reel may be just what your kids would enjoy- it's easy to cast and you already have the flies! It also helps the attention span and likelihood that they begin a lifelong interest in your sport, and they have a good chance at catching a fish. You may have graduated from this method, but it can open up a whole new would for your child and it is less likely to tangle, giving you those precious extra casts. Bring some spinners, too! Small spinners are both effective in the lakes and streams of the Park. This is another method with a quicker learning curve and fewer tangles. The activity will help you introduce them to the sport and give you the chance to teach them how to read the water and impart some your knowledge.

Fishing while day hiking. A popular activity in the park is to go day hiking with the family. You destination may vary, but if you look carefully at the map, may of the trails follow streams. Overwhelmingly, these streams contain fish! If you are hiking with young ones, rig up you pole and bring a small box of flies with you. They will get tired along the trail and will want a break, sometimes frequently. When this happens, there is a good chance that there may be a small pool or run next to the trail that you can quickly put a few casts through. Another option is simply to pick a lake hike and pack a picnic lunch and hang out. This gives the family a break, some space to run around and some breathtaking views. Also a great idea is to teach your children or let them use an alternative fishing technique such as the fly and bubble or spinning rig.

For other ideas for kids, look here . (One of my guilty pleasures I confess is the caramel and candy apples in town. I have ruined many a dinner this way.)


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