A NEW METHODOLOGY FOR THE WARTEGG TEST (Alessandro Crisi) Thanks to the analysis of numerous clinical cases (I've administered the Wartegg test to over 20.000 subjects and in 1.500 of them I've administered Wartegg and Rorschach tests together), I've worked out a new methodology of scoring and interpretation of the Wartegg Drawing Completion Test. Conceived in 1983 and from then on applied in the clinical field, this new methodology has gone through several modifications and updates and it has developed in the theoretical context of the Dynamic Psychology up to a definitive release published in 2007 ("Manuale del Test di Wartegg", E.S. Magi, Rome, Second Edition). It was been presented in several International Congresses. At first, to easily compare Wartegg and Rorschach, I begun to use same categories of scoring of the Rorschach according to E.Bohm's system (the Formal Quality; the Contents; the Frequency; Peculiar Phenomena; the Movement; the Impulse Responses). Then, I've introduced two original categories of scoring for each panel: the Evocative Character and the Affective Quality. Through easy computations all these categories are transformed in formal indices. At last, the Evocative Character and the Affective Quality permitted to make a deeper process of evaluation of the Order of Succession called the "Analysis of Succession" that represents the most important opportunity of the interpretation of the test and it permit us to describe the organization of the personality. Within the process of elaborating such a new methodology it's possible to find 3 fundamental points: 1. To have always administered the Wartegg in battery with the Rorschach; 2. To have decided to score each Wartegg panel through two original characteristics: the Evocative Character (CE) and the Affective Quality (QA); 3. To have, finally, centralized my attention on the Order with which the subject performs the Wartegg. Focusing on this point, I created a procedure named "Analysis of the Succession" that represents the central kernel of the psycho diagnostic valuation of this test. The Wartegg Test is a projective drawing technique, with semi-structured graphic stimuli. Subjects are prone to project contents, dynamics and organisation of their personality (Rapaport, 1977). According to Bornstein (2007), the Wartegg Test can be classified as a stimulus-attribution test in which examinees attribute meaning through their interpretations.


Characteristics The Wartegg Test instructions are easily understood by examinees; it is short and quick to administer; most subjects complete it in an average time of 5-10 minutes, 10-15 minutes for scoring and computations; and 30 minutes for writing the report. It is simple in structure on a perceptive level. The simplicity of the stimulus-signs bypasses the defensive mechanisms of the subject (McCully, 1988). An easy instruction makes it suitable for subjects from 4 years old. The test is suitable for group-administration using custom-designed software. Due to these features, it has been adopted as a selection tool by the Italian Armed Forces, since 2002. Validity and reliability One of the most important studies compared the Wartegg Test results and psychological tests used by the Italian Navy for admission (1999): 1) High concordance between the general evaluations of the Selection Department and Wartegg Test data; 2) Concordance (86.4 %) between Wartegg Test and MMPI-2 and (89.2 %) between Wartegg Test and Guilford-Zimmermann. 3) Other researches found a very high (k = 0.91) inter-scorer agreement between expert psychologists (Crisi, 2007). Applications Areas Within a battery of tests, the new Wartegg methodology can be applied in the following working fields: CLINICAL: WZT can be administered from the age of 4 onward and enables a global description of the personality structure of the subject based on the analysis of 8 panels e of the various formal indexes derived by scoring. A specific software can support the interpretation (clinical WZT). FORENSIC (CIVIL and PENAL): particularly useful for the analysis of developmental age subjects involved in cases of foster care, abuse and violence. In adults, if used with other tests, contributes to assess parental abilities and overall psycho diagnostics.


SELECTION: in this sector a specific software (WZT-Selection) makes the WZT extremely effective as a first screening and allows an evaluation on three different and interdependent levels: descriptive, by criteria and by category. CAREER COUNSELLING (educational and professional): also in this field a specific software (WZT-Career counselling) evaluates 3 areas of extreme interest and precisely: affectiverelational; thinking and productivity. Within each area some indexes can be assessed for a total of 19 indexes. RESEARCH: for its evaluation capabilities, the easiness and speed in administration and scoring, thanks to a specific software ("WZT-Research") that enables the creation of databases of all Wartegg indexes related to the examined population, the WZT is proving itself as the ideal instrument for the psychosocial research. IIW SOFTWARES During the last 5 years peculiar softwares have been developed to use this new methodology not only in the Clinical field but also in that of Selection and Guidance. Actually, the Italian Armed Forces, since 2002, use this new Wartegg methodology in their main process of selection. The "Istituto Italiano Wartegg" has elaborated specific softwares for the Wartegg test related to the specific context; for each software a "Basic" and a "Research" version exist. The "Basic" version enables us to obtain, for the specific application field, the relevant personality profile and the attitudinal evaluation; the "Research" version (SRW) is for those whom, beyond the Clinical Selection or Career counselling areas, also work in the field of the psychosocial research; the "SRW" software enables not just the specific assessment of the "Basic" version, but also the building of basic data about all the Wartegg formal indices. Specifically 3 different softwares for each of the following application fields have been developed: A) Clinical (SFW-CLI), B) Selection (SFW-SEL), C) Career counselling (SFW-OSP).




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