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TIFF

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Alternative File Formats for Storing Master Images of Digitisation Projects Alternative File Formats for Storing Master Images of Digitisation Projects http://www.scribd.com/doc/2388286/Alternative20File20Formats20for20Storing20Masters202 201 scribd.comMyOpenArchive.org - http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/deed.ja TIFF +LZW JPEG 2000 JPEG (JFIF 1.02) PNG visually lossless http://d.hatena.ne.jp/Belgian-beer http://d.hatena.ne.jp/fuzzy2 http://d.hatena.ne.jp/pho http://d.hatena.ne.jp/Ronron http://d.hatena.ne.jp/Ryu-Higa http://d.hatena.ne.jp/sergejO http://d.hatena.ne.jp/simpleA http://d.hatena.ne.jp/yukioino

1 1.1 1.2 3 1.3 1.4 1.5 2 JPEG 2000 2.1 JPEG 2000 2.1.1 2.1.2 JPEG 2000

id:simpleA id:Belgian-beer id:Belgian-beer id:Belgian-beer id:Belgian-beer id:Belgian-beer id:Belgian-beer id:pho id:pho id:pho

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2.2 2.2.1 2.2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 3 PNG 3.1 PNG 3.2 3.2.1 3.2.2 / 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 4 JPEG 4.1 JPEG 4.2 4.2.1 4.2.2 / 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 5 TIFFLZW 5.1 TIFFLZW 5.2 5.2.1 5.2.2 / 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 6 1 2 3 Appendix IAppendix II 4

id:pho id:pho id:pho id:yukioino id:yukioino id:yukioino id:yukioino id:simpleA id:fuzzy2 id:fuzzy2 id:fuzzy2 id:fuzzy2 id:yukioino id:yukioino id:yukioino id:yukioino id:simpleA id:fuzzy2 id:fuzzy2 id:fuzzy2 id:fuzzy2 id:yukioino id:yukioino id:yukioino id:yukioino id:simpleA id:fuzzy2 id:fuzzy2 id:fuzzy2 id:fuzzy2 id:yukioino id:yukioino id:yukioino id:yukioino id:simpleA id:simpleA id:Ryu-Higa id:Ronron id:sergejO id:Ronron id:Ryu-Higa

http://d.hatena.ne.jp/simpleA/20080530 http://d.hatena.ne.jp/simpleA/searchdiary?word=%2a%5bAlternative%20File%20Format s%5d 2008 6 20 @simple A [email protected]

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4 4000 TIFF TIFF 4000 650TB 4 JPEG2000 1 PNG 1.2 JPEGJFIF 1.02 TIFF LZW 1. 2. 3. 4.

3 1. 2. 3.

3 R&D 1. JPEG 2000 PNG TIFF PNG 40% JPEG 2000 53% JPEG 2000 JPEG 2000 JPEG TIFF JPEG 2000 PNG JPEG 2000 JPEG

2.

3.

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1 2011 650 TIFF TIFF D * 1 PDF tiff * 2 1. JPEG 2000 part 1 * 3 2. PNG1.2 3. Basic JFIF 1.02 (JPEG) 4. LZW TIFF Windows Media Photo/JPEG XR JPEG-LS TIFF G4/JBIG* 4 GIF BMP ZIP TIFF

Photoshop .psd TIFF 3 JPEG2000 Judith Rog: Note regarding JPEG 2000 for the RL, version 2.0 (2007 8 4

2

1

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1.1 1. 2. 3. 4. 1 TIFF 100 2 RGB RGB 2PSNR * 5 MTF* 6 QA62 ColorChecker Judith Rog, Caroline van Wijk, Jefferey van der Hoeven 7 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

5 6

dB http://d.hatena.ne.jp/keyword/PSNR MTF 1

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1.5 0 0 3 PNG . (EXIF) ICC * 7 1.2 1. 2. 3.

7

Sustainability of Digital Formats http://www.digitalpreservation.gov/formats/content/still_quality.shtml

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1.3 1.4 Stephen Abrams (Harvard University Library/University of California-California Digital Library ) Caroline Arms (Library of Congress, US) Martijn van den Broek (Nederlands Fotomuseum [Netherlands Photo Museum], the Netherlands) Adrian Brown (National Archives, UK) Robert R. Buckley (Xerox Corporation) Aly Conteh (British Library) Carl Fleischhauer (Library of Congress) Rose Holley (National Library of Australia) Marc Holtman (City Archive of Amsterdam) Rene van Horik (DANS, the Netherlands) Dr. Klaus Jung (Luratech Imaging GmbH) Ulla Bøgvad Kejser (Kongelige Bibliotek Denmark) Rory McLeod (British Library) Andrew Stawowczyk Long (National Library of Australia) Boudewijn de Ridder (Nederlands Fotomuseum [Netherlands Photo Museum], the Netherlands) Brian Thurgood (Libraries and Archives of Canada) Thomas Zellmann (LuraTech Europe GmbH) 1.5 JPEG2000 PNG PSNR (Peak Signal to Noise Ratio) JPEG LZW ""

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2 JPEG 2000 2.1 JPEG 2000 2.1.1 JPEG 2000 ISO,IEC, ITU-T JPEG(Joint Photographic Experts Group)(ISO/IEC 15444-1/ITU-T REC. T.800) JPEG JPEG JPEG 2000 2.1.2 JPEG 2000 2007 JPEG 2000 12 1 1 1.jp2 2 .jpx 6 .jpm 3.mj2 12 1 JPEG 2000 JPEG 2000 JPEG 2000 JPEG 2000 1 1 JP2 JP2 JPEG 2000 JP2 JPEG 2000 1 ISO JPEG 2000 1 JPEG 1 2000 12 ISO/IEC 15444-1 1 2 2004 YCC 2 1 ROI

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JP2 JPX (DIG35 ) 2 JPX 2 2001 11 ISO/IEC 15444-2 3 3 JPEG 2000 MJ2 MJP2 3 2001 11 ISO/IEC 15444-3 4 JPEG 2000 4 JPEG 2000 1 4 JP2 JPEG 2000 4 4 2002 5 ISO/IEC 15444-4 5 JPEG 2000 5ISO/IEC 15444-5:2003JPEG 2000 1 2 2 1 1 C JAVA 5 2001 11 ISO/IEC 15444-5 6 JPEG 2000 6 JPM ISO/IEC16485 Mixed Raster ContentMRCJPM 1 JP2 JP2 1 JPX 2 JPM JPEG 2000 JPEG 2000 JBIG2 JPEG 6 2003 4 ISO/IEC 15444-6 7 8 8 JPEG 2000JPSEC IPRIP JPEG 2000

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8 2006 7 ISO/IEC 15444-8 9 9 JPIP JPIP HTTP 9 2004 10 ISO/IEC 15444-9 10 10 JPEG 2000 50.60* 8 11 JPEG 2000 JPWL 11 JPEG 2000 JPWL 1 1 JPWL 11 2007 6 ISO/IEC 15444-11 12 JPEG 2000 12ISO/IEC 15444-12 MPEG-4 12ISO/IEC 14496-12 JPEG MPEG Apple QuichTime JPEG 2000 12 2003 7 ISO/IEC 15444-12 13 JPEG 2000 13 JPEG 2000 2.2 2.2.1 JPEG 2000 * 9 2 4 JPEG 2000 JPEG 2000 JP2

http://www.y-adagio.com/public/committees/ddfd/act2003/cls2.htm 2.3.3 9 Quicktime MPEG-4

8

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XMLXML * 10 2.2.2 JPEG 2000 6 * 11 1 RGB RGB 2 1. YCbCr ICT 2. YUV RCT 2 JPEG * 12 3: DWT* 13 1. 9/7 2. 5/3 * 14 4 5 1.

JP2 JP2 http://www.fcla.edu/digitalArchive/pdfs/action_plan_bgrounds/jp2_bg.pdf 11 http://hp.vector.co.jp/authors/VA027608/jpeg2000/ 12 Robert Buckley JPEG 2000 for Image Archiving, with Discussion of Other Popular Image Formats p. 41, slide 81. 13 JPEG DCT DCT 8x8 14 Robert Buckley JPEG 2000 for Image Archiving, with Discussion of Other Popular Image Formats p. 42, slide 83.

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2. 3. JPEG 2000 EBCOTEmbedded Block Coding with Optimal Trunction 3

6 * 15 / Web // L RCP LRCPRLCP, RPCL, PCRLCPRLLRCP LRCP* 16 2 RPCL

15

Robert Buckley JPEG 2000 for Image Archiving, with Discussion of Other Popular Image Formatsp. 32, slide 64. 16 Robert Buckley JPEG 2000 for Image Archiving, with Discussion of Other Popular Image Formats p. 34, slide 68.

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2.3 * 17 JPEG 2000 50% JPEG 2000 part 1 Lead Photoshop 1050 9198%* 18 2.4 Lead JPEG 2000 Photoshop 2575100500 MTF TIFF QA-62 MTF 5.91/5.91/. 4.7 MB

25 75 100 500 MTF/ RGB 5.8/5.8 5.8/5.8 5.8/5.8 3.9/3.1 83KB 62KB 47KB 10KB

Kodak Delta E JPEG 2000 1. 75 100 200 2. 200 3. 75 JPEG 2000 PSNR Lead Photoshop JPEG2000 LEAD Photoshop 53% 52% Lurawave clt http://www.luratech.com/products/lurawave/jp2/clt/

18 17

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2.5 JP2 PNG 1.2LZW TIFF 6.0(basic JFIF (JPEG) 1.02)JP2 JP2 (JPEG 2000 Part 1) JP2 (JPEG 2000 Part 1) JP2 (JPEG 2000 Part 1) 0-100 74.7 66.1 JP2 (JPEG 2000 Part 1)PNG 1.2 78 JPEG 2000 PNG JPEG 2000 PNG 1996 JP2 2000 JP2 (JPEG 2000 Part 1)basic JFIF (JPEG) 1.02 JPEG 2000 JPEG 2000 PNG TIFF basic JFIF (JPEG) 1.02JPEG 2000 basic JFIF (JPEG) 1.02JPEG 2000 a Practical Digital Preservation StandardDPC * 19 2.6 EXIF XMLIPR* 20 ISO 11578:1996 UUID* 21 JPEG 2000 EXIF UUID AppleSafari* 22 JPEG 2000 JPEG (2^32)-1 2^64-1 1600 TB

Robert Buckley, JPEG 2000 ­ a Practical Digital Preservation Standard?, a DPC Technology Watch Series Report 08-01, February 2008: http://www.dpconline.org/graphics/reports/index.html#jpeg2000 20 JPEG 2000 Part8 21 JPEG 2000http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/JPEG_2000.Adobe XML XMP UUID EXIF 22 http://echoone.com/filejuicer/formats/jp2

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* 23 * 24 3.4 JPEG 2000 Part 1 138 * 25 ICC ICCJPEG 2000 part 1 sRGBYCCICC * 26 * 27 JPEG 2000 Part 3 12 JPEG 2000 Part 6 2.7 JPEG 2000 1 2000 ISO/IEC ISO JPEG/JFIF 6 3 6 50% 9198%

Klaus JungJudith Rog 2008 2 13 e http://www.digitalpreservation.gov/formats/content/still_quality.shtml 25 BuckleyJPEG 2000 Image Archiving45 90 16 26 ICC Profile Format Specification ICC.1:1998-09 27 JP2 1.8: http://www.fcla.edu/digitalArchive/pdfs/action_plan_bgrounds/jp2_bg.pdf

24

23

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PSNR 74.7 66.1

138 JPEG CPU EXIF 1 JPEG 2000 1 50% JPEG 2000 JPEG 2000 1 90% 2 JPEG 2000 1 1 3 JPEG 2000 1 JPEG 2000

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JPEG JPEG 2000 JPEG JPEG 2000 JPEG

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3 PNG 3.1 PNG PNG(Portable Network Graphics) (PNG ) GIF LZW 1995 World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) (1.0) 1997 W3C Recommendation PNG 1.2 1999 2003 (ISO/IEC 15948:2003) W3C : http://www.w3.org/TR/PNG/ PNG : a) b) c) (): : : : : : : : : : PNG PNG : PNG :

d) e) f) g)

h) i) j) k) l)

PNG 3.2 3.2.1 PNG PNG PNG () () () 3.2.2 / 6 : 1. : PNG 2. :

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3. : : : :

4. 5. 6.

PNG inflate/deflate (zlib/gzlib) PNG PNG 3.3 PNG 40% 3.4 PNG PNG 3.5 PNG 1.20-100 78 PNG 1.2 JP2JPEG 2000 Part 1PNG 1.5JPEG 2000 PNG JP2 (JPEG 2000 Part 1) JPEG 2000 3.6 EXIF PNGASCIIUTF-8 * 28 PNG EXIF PNG

28

PNG 11.3.4.2

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* 29 116 ICC ICCPNGsRGB ICC* 30 * 31 3.7 PNG 1.2 2003 ISO/IEC GIF GIF 6 40% 78.0

29 30

http://www.digitalpreservation.gov/formats/content/still_quality.shtml PNG 4.2 31 MNG http://www.libpng.org/pub/mng/

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116 EXIF 1 PNG 1.2 JPEG 2000 Part1 JPEG 2000 50%PNG 40% 2 PNG 3 PNG

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4 JPEG 4.1 JPEG JPEG(Joint Photographic Experts Group) () 1986 1992 1994 ISO10918-1 ITU-T Recommendation T.81 JBIG ( ) JPEG 2000 JPEG JPEG : / JPEG 4 : 1 -- JPEG 2 -- 1 3 --SPIFF 4 --JPEG JPEG (JPEG Interchange Format) 10981-1 B JPEG Interchange Format JFIF(JPEG File Interchange Format) JFIF JPEG JFIF JFIF ()JPEG Interchange Format JFIF JPEG 4.2 4.2.1 4.2.2 / (24 RGB ) 4 : 1. RGB YCbCr Y Cb Cr 2 2. () Cb Cr Y 3350% 3. 8x8 () YCb Cr (DCT)( /) 4. 5. 8x8 ()

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JPEG () 4.3 Adobe Photoshop JPEG 10JPEG PSD1 JPEG 9098 4.4 JPEG Photoshop 012PSD )PSD 0358 10 0 3 5 8 10 MTF TIFF QA-62 MTF 5.91/5.91. 4.7 MB

JPEG PSD 10 JPEG PSD 8 JPEG PSD 5 JPEG PSD 3 JPEG PSD 0 MTF/ RGB 5.9 / 5.8 5.4 / 5.2 4.9 / 4.8 4.3 / 4.2 3.8 / 3.5 204 KB 128 KB 84 KB 64 KB 57 KB

Kodak Delta E RGB* 32 JPEG 1. JPEG PSD 7/8 JPEG PSD5 2. JPEG PSD2 3. JPEG PSD4 JPEG PSNR JPEG PSD 10

32

delta E

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4.5 basic JFIF (JPEG) 1.020-100 65.4 basic JFIF (JPEG) 1.02 65.3 LZW TIFF 6.0 66.1 JP2 (JPEG 2000 Part 1) JP2 (JPEG 2000 Part 1)basic JFIF (JPEG) 1.02 4.6 EXIF EXIF JPEG EXIF 35 JPEG JPEG * 33 * 34 3.4 8 24 * 35 ICC ICC* 36 Geheugen van Nederland (memory of the Netherlands) (http://www.geheugenvannederland.nl/) Amsterdam City Archive (http://beeldbank.amsterdam.nl/) 34 http://www.digitalpreservation.gov/formats/content/still_quality.shtml 35 12 JPEG 12 JPEG JPEG JPEG http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/JPEG#Medical_imaging:_JPEG.27s_12bit_mode 36 ICC 4.2.0.0. LOC http://www.digitalpreservation.gov/formats/fdd/fdd000018.shtml#factors

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* 37 4.7 JPEG 1994 ISO/IEC(10918-1) B JFIF JPEG 5 DCT - 89%96% PSNR 65.4 DCT EXIF JPEG EXIF 8 24 1 JPEG 66 PSD 10 89%

37

1.02 LOC JFIF http://www.digitalpreservation.gov/formats/fdd/fdd000018.shtml#factors

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2 JPEG JPEG JPEG 3 JPEG JPEG

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5 TIFF LZW 5.1 TIFF LZW ? TIFF LZW TIFF(Tagged Image File Format)6.0 LZW(Lempel-Ziv-Welch) TIFF (LZW TIFF ITU_G4JPEG ZIP )TIFF6.0 LZW TIFF1986 3.0 (TIFF ) 4.0 1987 5.0 1988 ( 5.0)()LZW CYMKJPEGTIFF6.0 1992 6.0 ( 4.2.1 ) --: TIFF/EP(2001 )TIFF/IT (2004 )DNG (2005 ) EXIF* 38 TIFF6.0 ISO-IEC * 39 :TIFF * 40 LZW 1984 1978 LZ78 Jacob ZivAbraham ZempelLZ78 Terry WelchLZW( )TIFF LZWGIFLZW(Terry Welch* 41 ) 2003 () 2004 () 5.2 ? 5.2.1 TIFF/EP (ISO 12234-2) (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ISO_12234-2) TIFF/IT (ISO 12369) (http://www.digitalpreservation.gov/formats/fdd/fdd000072.shtml). RAW DNG Adobe TIFF UNC (http://www.digitalpreservation.gov/formats/fdd/fdd000188.shtml). EXIF (http://www.digitalpreservation.gov/formats/fdd/fdd000145.shtml) 39 TIFF Revision 6.0 June 1992. p. 4. Scope. http://partners.adobe.com/public/developer/en/tiff/TIFF6.pdf. 40 TIFF Revision 6.0 June 1992. p. 4. Scope. http://partners.adobe.com/public/developer/en/tiff/TIFF6.pdf. 41 Welch Sperry Sperry

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TIFF(IFD) 8 (IFH)IFD * 42 IFDsTIFF TIFF* 43 (CMYKCIELab)* 44 TIFF6.0 IFD* 45 TIFF/EPTIFF/IT :http://www.digitalpreservation.gov/formats/content/tiff_tags.shtml 5.2.2 / 5.3 TIFF LZW 30% 5.4 LZW 5.5 LZW TIFF 6.00-100 65.3 LZW TIFF 6.0 65.4 basic JFIF (JPEG) 1.02 LZW TIFF http://www.unisys.com/about__unisys/lzw/Unisys 2003 2004 TIFF 6.0 LZW LZW TIFF 6.0 5.6 EXIF

TIFF IFDs TIFF TIFF 43 http://partners.adobe.com/public/developer/en/tiff/TIFF6.pdf 44 http://partners.adobe.com/public/developer/en/tiff/TIFF6.pdf 45 EXIF http://www.digitalpreservation.gov/formats/content/tiff_tags.shtml

42

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EXIF TIFF LZW TIFF JPEG 4GB20GBBigTIFF* 46 * 47 TIFF 6.0 1 4 8 16 ( 32 ) ICC RGBCMYKYCbCR, CIEL*a*b ICCICC TIFF/EP TIFF 6.0 Adobe Photoshop* 48 TIFF Image Pyramid TIFF 6.0 1992 5.7 TIFF 6.0 ISO/IEC 1992 Adobe LZW 1988 TIFF 5.0 TIFF IFHIFD

46

http://www.awaresystems.be/imaging/tiff/bigtiff.html Photoshop 4GB http://kb.adobe.com/selfservice/viewContent.do?externalId=320005&sliceId=1 47 http://www.digitalpreservation.gov/formats/content/still_quality.shtml 48 LOC TIFF docu: http://www.digitalpreservation.gov/formats/fdd/fdd000022.shtml#factors

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- 30% 65.3 LZW 116 EXIF 1 LZW TIFF 6.0 LZW TIFF+LZW LZW 30% JPEG 2000 50% PNG 40%TIFF 2 3

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6 JPEG 2000PNG JPEG ISO/IEC TIFF 6.0 Adobe ISO/IEC 2 RGB 8 24 100 2

JPEG 2000 Part 1 JPEG 2000 Part 1 PNG JPEG LZW TIFF TIFF * 49 52% 9198% 43% 8996% 30%

2 JPEG 2000 Part1 JPEG JPEG 2000 JPEG 2000 JPEG 2000 Part 1PNG LZW TIFF JPEG 2000 Part 1 JPEG JPEG JPEG 2000 JPEG JPEG 2000 E JPEG JPEG 2000 JPEG 2000 JPEG Woolly Effect PSNR

49

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2 3 TIFF

1 2 3 4 5 6 TIFF 6.0 84.8 PNG 1.2 78 JPEG 2000 Part 1 74.7 JPEG 2000 Part 1 66.1 JPEG 1.02 65.4 LZW TIFF 65.3

TIFF TIFF6.0 PNG 1.2 JPEG 2000 PNG 1.2 JPEG 2000 JPEG 2000 PNG 1996 JPEG 2000 2000 JPEG 2000 OK NG 3 1 JPEG 2000 JPEG 1.02 TIFF 1. JPEG 2000 Part 1 2. |PNG 1.2 3. JPEG 1.02 4. JPEG 2000 Part 1 5. LZW TIFF

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EXIF

JPEG 2000PNGTIFF+LZW JPEG 2000JPEG JPEG 2000 JPEG 2000PNGJPEGTIFF+LZW JPEGTIFF+LZW JPEGPNG JPEG 2000TIFF+LZW JPEG JPEG 2000:2 64 PNG JPEG TIFF+LZW4GB JPEG 2000RGB 138 2 RGB 16 PNGRGB 116 JPEGRGB 8 TIFF+LZWRGB 116 RGB 132 JPEG 2000sRGB PNGsRGB JPEGRGB TIFF+LZWRGBCMYK YCbCrCIEL*a*b JPEG 2000PNGJPEGTIFF+LZW*1 () TIFF+LZW

ICC

JPEG 2000 5 3 5 5 5 23 JPEG 2000 5 5 4 2 5 21 PNG 5 2 5 4 4 20 JPEG 5 4 3 3 3 18 TIFF+LZW 5 1 5 1 4 16

JPEG 2000 3 3 3 5 1 JPEG 2000 PNG PNG40% JPEG 2000 53%JPEG 2000 TIFF+LZW 30%

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JPEG 2000 Part1 10 10% JPEGPSD10 11% JPEG 2 2 (( )) JPEG 2000 JPEG JPEG 2000 PNG 3 JPEG 2000 JPEG JPEG 2000 JPEG JPEG 2000 JPEG JPEG 2000 JPEG

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1 JPEG 2000 JPEG2000 JPEG 2000 JPEG2000 JPEG2000 : JPEG2000 1 ( TIFF )DPT MLB_v2.doc PDF1.6 1 JPEG2000 PSNR70dB METS/ALTO3 XML JP2 JPEG2000 : JPEG2000 ( http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/index.html ) (NDNP) TIFF6.0 JPEG 2000 (http://www.loc.gov/ndnp /) JPEG JPEG2000 <br>( http://jpimg.digital.archives.go.jp/kouseisai/index_e.html )<br> Google JPEG2000 JPEG2000 Motion JPEG2000(MJ2) Digital Cinema Initiatives(DCI) DCI Buena Vista Group (Disney) 20th Century Fox Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Paramount Pictures Sony Pictures Entertainment Universal Studios Warner Bros. Pictures JPEG2000 --DICOM (http://medical.nema.org/ ) : JPEG 2000 (LAC)JPEG2000 ( http://www.archimuse.com/mw2007/papers/desrochers/desrochers.html ) TIFF <br>http://www.archive.org ( http://charlesolson.uconn.edu/Works_in_the_Collection/Melville_Project/index.htm ) ( http://www.lib.utah.edu/digital/collections/sanborn/ )

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J PNG PNG PNG JPEG Leids Archief()JPEG Memoria and Kramerius JPEG(PSD12)http://www.ncd.matf.bg.ac.yu/casopis/05/Knoll/Knoll.pdf. TIFF LZW TIFF LZW

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TIFF 6.0 JFTF 1.02 JP2 (JPEG2000 JP2 (JPEG2000 TIFF 6.0 PNG 1.2 JPEG LZW Score Total Score Total Score Total Score Total Score Total Score Total 3 9 1 3 1.5 4.5 2 6 2 6 2 6 1 3 9 2 6 1 3 1 3 1 3 2 6 1 3 7 2 4.66667 2 4.66667 2 4.66667 2 4.66667 2 4.66667 2 4.66667 2 4 7 3 3 6 3 5 3 3 3 3 3 2 1 1 7 2 2 2 2 2 4 8 8 8 8 1 2 0 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 0 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 7 0 4 1 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1 0.5 0.4 0 0.8 0.8 0.8 4 4 4 4 53.9667 84.7644% 2 0 0 0 1 2 2 2 2 2 1 0 1 0 2 2 0 2 2 2 2 4 0 0 0 1 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 0.5 0 0.4 0 0.8 0.8 0 4 4 4 4 41.6667 65.445% 1 0 0 0 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 0 2 0 2 2 0 2 2 2 2 2 0 0 0 1 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 0.8 0 0.8 0 0.8 0.8 0 4 4 4 4 42.0667 66.0733% 1 1 0 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 0 2 0 2 2 0 2 2 2 2 2 3.5 0 2 1 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 0.8 0 0.8 0 0.8 0.8 0 4 4 4 4 47.5667 74.712% 1 1 0 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 1 0 1 0 2 2 0 2 2 2 2 2 3.5 0 2 1 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 0.5 0 0.4 0 0.8 0.8 0 4 4 4 4 49.6667 78.0104% 1 0 0 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 0 0 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 0 0 2 1 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1 0.5 0 0 0.8 0.8 0.8 4 4 4 4 41.5667 65.2879%

OS 1 63.667 100

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3 - IPRES Conference 2007 (http://ipres.las.ac.cn/) Judith Rog, Caroline van Wijk National Library of the Netherlands; The Hague, The Netherlands [email protected], [email protected] 2003 ( KB) (PDF ) () 10 1996 e-Depot 2002 e-Depot 2003 (National Library of the Netherlands, 2007a )e-Depot 1000 e-Depot (PDF )PDF version 1.0 1.6 e-Depot e-Depot web archiving (Digital Preservation Department KB, 2007b)DARE (Digital Preservation Department KB, 2007c)national e-Depot (KB, 2007d) (KB, 2007e) e-Depot "" ( ) PDF

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(Folk & Barkstrom, 2002;, Christensen, 2004; ,Brown, 2003; ,Arms & Fleischhauer, 2005; ,Library of Congress, 2007 ) (Anderson, Frost, Hoebelheinrich & Johnson, 2005 ) Arms & Fleischhauer (2005) 7 7 2 2 2 100

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(DRM) interpretation () (DRM) () ()

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10 5 OS Appendix I MS 97 2003 PDF/A-1 Appendix II e-Depot eDepot 10 () ( ) PDF PDF (Rog 2007 ) PDF PDF/A PDF 1.0 1.6 PDF PDF

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e-Depot DARE DARE PDF MS MS MS MS PDF/A MS 22/100 PDF/A 89/100 MS PDF/A-1 ( NCDD) PDF/A PDF/A PDF/A e-Depot 100 Caroline van Wijk (1973 ) 2000 Java 2004 2005 12 Tiff 2006 (Planets)

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(work package ) Judith Rog(1976 ) 1999 2001 IT 2005

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(9)

2 1.5 1 0.5 0

(9) 2 1 0 (7) 2 1 0 No freely available reader (4) 2 1 0 (7) 2 1 0 (3) 2 1 0 (6) 2 1 0 (3) 2 1 0 (DRM) (3) 2 1 0 (3) 2 1 0 (3) 2 1 0 (3) 2 1 0 (3) 2 1 0

(1) 2 1 0 (1) 2 1 0 2 1 0 (2) 2 0 (2) 2 1 0 (2) 2 1 0 (2) 2 1 0 (8) 2 1 0 OS (8) 2 1 0 1 (8) 2 1 0 (8) 2 1 0

3 9 9 7 2 4 7 3 3 6 3 5 3 3 3 3 3 2 1 1 7 2 2 2 2 2 4 8 8 8 8

PDF/A-1 Score Total 2 6 2 6 2 4.666667 2 2 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 0 0 0 2 2 1 2 2 2 2 4 7 1 2 1 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1 0 0 0 0.8 0.8 0.4 4 4 4 4 56.66667 89.01%

MS Word 97-2000 Score Total 0.5 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 2 2 2 0 0 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 1 1.5 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0.6 0.6 0.6 1.2 1.2 1 0 0 0 0.4 0.8 0 0 0 0 2 13.9 21.83%

OS 1 100%

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4 2 RGB 8 24 2 94 300ppi/24 RGB* 50 A5 A4

50 * 51 * 52 * 53 TIFF 623 MB 6.6 MB 3.1 TB TIFF+LZW 428 MB 4.6 MB 31% 2.2TB JPEG 10* 54 66 MB 0.7 MB 89% 343 GB JPEG 8 35 MB 0.4 MB 94% 195 GB JPEG 6 26 MB 0.3 MB 96% 146 GB JPEG 1 10 MB 0.1 MB 98% 49 GB PNG 355 MB 4 MB 43% 2 TB JPEG2000 * 55 298 MB 3.2 MB 52% 1.5 TB JPEG2000 10 54 MB 0.6 MB 91% 280 GB JPEG2000 25 25 MB 0.3 MB 96% 146 GB JPEG2000 50 13 MB 0.1 MB 98% 68 GB

RGB 104

Geheugen van Nederland() http://www.geheugenvannederland.nl/?/nl/collecties/straatliederen 51 . 94 . 52 94 TIFF(RGB 653GB, grey 218GB ) 53 500,000 54 JPEG Adobe Photoshop scale quality 10 55 Lead JPEG2000 10 JPEG10 25 JPEG6 50 JPEG1 Photoshop native Lead Lead 53% -Photoshop 52% Lurawave tool (http://www.luratech.com/ products/lurawave/jp2/clt/)

50

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