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Keeping Perspective: Australia's boat arrivals

(re-compiled by Project SafeCom 2009-12) "The first boat arrived in Darwin in April 1976 carrying five Indochinese men. Over the next five years there were 2059 Vietnamese boat arrivals with the last arriving in August 1981. The arrival of 27 Indochinese asylum seekers in November 1989 heralded the beginning of the second wave"1.

Australia's boat arrivals 1976-2011

year no of boats passenger s

2. The years 2001-2004: Howard did not stop the boats Possum Comitatus (footnote 5) explains, that "The Pacific Solution ... diddled the stats by redefinition. Boats still made the attempt to enter Australia ... yet we know that SIEV(s) 5, 7, 11 and 12 in 2002 attempted to make the journey and were returned to Indonesia while SIEV(s) 4, 6 and 10 actually sank. That was in very late 2001 through late 2002. In 2003 we know that boats were still attempting to make the voyage such as SIEV 14, but were again towed back from whence they came. The UNHCR estimates that 1600 people were diverted throughout the time of the Pacific Solution, but hard numbers are difficult to come by." Additionally, during 2002 two boats attempted to sail directly to New Zealand from Indonesia; one boat is presumed to have foundered with 34 passengers, a second one was stopped in Dili. In 2004 another boat attempted this journey3. 2. Stats from Oct 2009 From Oct 2009 data are compiled from media reports and Immigration Department & Minister for Home Affairs media releases. Numbers of arrivals do not include crew: only passengers are counted.

1976 1977 1978 1979 1981 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 total

56

1 2 6 6 3 18 7 19 11 17 86 51 43 1 1 1 4 6 5 7 60 132 69 259 871

111 868 746 304 30 27 198 214 216 81 953 237 660 339 200 3,721 2,939 5,516 1 53 15 11 60 148 161 2,727 6,502 4,572 16,261 47,871

Boat arrivals as a proportion of total asylum 2 applications 1994-2008 (Crikey Blog)

1. Boat numbers 1976-1981 The number of boats between 1976 and 1981 is ambiguous. Betts (footnote 2) and Phillips & Spinks only show passenger numbers; Andreas Schoenhardt (footnote 4) puts the number (between 1976 and 1978) at 55 boats, and Fraser's Immigration Minister Ian Macphee tells the House of Representatives on May 1, 1980 that 53 boats have arrived since 1976.

1 Phillips, Janet and Spinks, Harriet. (2009). Boat arrivals in Australia since 1976. Parliamentary Library, Social Policy Section Background Note. Online only 25 June 2009 updated 14 July 2009; 4 August 2009, 18 November 2009. Location: http://www.aph.gov.au/library/pubs/bn/sp/boatarrivals.htm 2

Possum Comitatus, Push vs. Pull ­ Asylum Seeker Numbers and Statistics. Crikey, 19 Oct. 2009 See http://blogs.crikey.com.au/pollytics/2009/10/19/push-vs-pull-asylum-seeker-numbers-and-statistics/

3

Six asylum boats aim for NZ in eight years. Otago Daily Times, 18 Dec 010 http://www.odt.co.nz/news/national/141390/six-asylum-boats-aim-nz-eight-years

Annual boat arrivals in Australian waters 2012

2012 proved to be an extraordinary year for boat arrivals. An annual record number of boats arrived; The Gillard Labor government initiated extraordinary and extremely punitive laws approving offshore processing on Nauru and Manus Island (PNG); it `excised' the entire country for migration purposes -- but the boats kept coming, and the daily, weekly or monthly arrival frequency even increased since these laws were passed.

(Image source: see footnote4)

Below is the table of asylum boat arrivals in Australian waters during the year 2012. The table was compiled by Project SafeCom Inc.5 from web-based media statements by the Federal Minister for Home Affairs. Some additional details have been provided from media reports. Annual boat arrivals in Australian waters 2012

press release date 6 passengers crew 7 location southwest of Ashmore Reef (Burmese) Tiwi Islands, off Darwin north of Christmas Island east-north-east of Christmas Island north-east of Christmas Island north of Christmas Island north north-west of Ashmore Islands north-west of Christmas Island north north-east of Christmas Island west of Christmas Island near Christmas Island north of Christmas Island north of Christmas Island north of Christmas Island north-west of Christmas Island northeast of Ashmore Reef south-east of Ashmore Islands north of Tiwi Islands north-west of Ashmore Islands north-east of Scott Reef

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

4

January 3 January 3 January 7 January 17 January 19 February 11 February 15 February 15 February 17 February 17 February 18 February 21 February 22 February 22 March 6 March 13 March 24 April 2 April 3 April 5

35 16 119 74 56 125 121 69 63 71 79 143 98 96 26 34 50 43 81 71

2 1 2 2 2 2 6 2 2 0 2 4 2 2 0 3 2 2 3 0

From Rick Morton, Most refugees not in detention. The Australian, November 05, 2012. See http://www.theaustralian.com.au/national-affairs/immigration/most-refugees-not-in-detention/story-fn9hm1gu-1226510186758 Homepage for this document is http://www.safecom.org.au/ref-documents.htm#boats

5 6

Hon Jason Clare, Minister for Home Affairs, Media Releases: http://www.ministerhomeaffairs.gov.au/

7

Zero crew in this table means "no crew mentioned in ministerial press release".

Annual boat arrivals in Australian waters 2012

press release date 6 passengers crew 7 location north of Ashmore Islands Darwin Harbour (Chinese ­ lawful arrivals) west of Christmas Island north-west of Christmas Island north-east of Christmas Island north of Christmas Island southwest of Browse Island near Ashmore Islands north-west of Ashmore Islands north-west of Christmas Island north of Christmas Island north of Christmas Island north of Christmas Island north of Ashmore Islands north north-west of Ashmore Island north east of Christmas Island west of Christmas Island north-west of Christmas Island (Sri Lankan) ½ NM off Cocos (Keeling) Islands north-west of Christmas Island near Christmas Island following AMSA request west-south-west of Christmas Island north of Christmas Island (Sri Lankan) north west of Christmas Island (Sri Lankan) arrived at Cocos Island east-north-east of Ashmore Islands northwest of Christmas Island north of Christmas Island north-west of Ashmore Islands north-west of Christmas Island west-southwest of Ashmore Islands north-east of Christmas Island south-west of Ashmore Islands (Sri Lanka direct) Cocos (Keeling) Islands near Christmas Island near Christmas Island north of Christmas Island north-east of Ashmore Islands (Sri Lanka direct) Cocos (Keeling) Islands east of Scott Reef north-west of Christmas Island north-west of Christmas Island near Christmas Island 90 presumed dead, n-w of Christmas Island south-west of Christmas Island Foundered vessel 4 drownnw of Christmas Island (Sri Lankan) north-west of Christmas Island west-south-west of Christmas Island north of Christmas Island north-east of Ashmore Islands at Cocos (Keeling) Islands west of Christmas Island west of Christmas Island in distress 63 nm south-west of west Java (Sri Lankan) west of Christmas Island (Sri Lankan) at Cocos (Keeling) Islands in distress 40 km off Indonesian coast north-west of Christmas Island in distress 100 NM north of Christmas Island (Sri Lankan) north-west of the Cocos Islands

21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80

April 6 April 9 April 11 April 11 April 13 April 14 April 18 April 26 April 27 April 29 April 30 May 6 May 6 May 7 May 10 May 11 May 12 May 15 May 16 May 18 May 20 May 21 May 21 May 28 May 30 June 1 June 2 June 3 June 4 June 5 June 7 June 9 June 9 June 10 June 11 June 11 June 13 June 13 June 13 June 15 June 20 June 20 June 21 June 21-24 June 24 June 27 June 27 June 28 June 29 June 29 June 30 July 1 July 2 July 4-5 July 6 July 8 July 10 July 10 July 11 July 15

49 10 99 156 75 19 55 50 60 164 27 103 138 64 60 99 84 121 63 68 175 44 38 88 40 4 87 150 85 49 23 100 24 32 38 110 72 25 34 37 52 69 117 200 60 134 93 44 100 41 67 53 39 162 31 28 81 7 65 27

4 0 0 0 2 0 2 2 0 6 0 2 0 4 0 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 3 0 2 2 2 0 2 0 2 3 0 1 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Annual boat arrivals in Australian waters 2012

press release date 6 passengers crew 7 location (Sri Lankan) 14 NM west of Christmas Island 81 NM north-west of Christmas Island Near oil rig 184 km north-west of Darwin north-west of Christmas Island off Christmas Island at Cocos (Keeling) Islands near Christmas Island west of Ashmore Islands at Cocos (Keeling) Islands northeast of Christmas Island no known details at Cocos (Keeling) Islands in distress north of Christmas Island at Cocos (Keeling) Islands north of Christmas Island Boigu Island ­ Torres Strait (held at Horn Island) near Broome WA (Browse Island) north-west of Cocos Keeling Islands north of Christmas Island west of the Cocos Islands south-west of Sumba Island, Indonesia west of Cocos (Keeling) Islands at Cocos (Keeling) Islands north of Christmas Island. northwest of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands north-east of Christmas Island north-west of Cocos (Keeling) Islands north of Cocos (Keeling) Islands north-east of Ashmore Islands north-west of Ashmore Islands west of Cocos (Keeling) Islands north of Cocos (Keeling) Islands

81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112

July 16 July 16 July 16 July 17 July 18 July 18 July 19 July 20 July 20 July 22 July 23 July 23 July 24 July 25 July 26 July 27 July 28 July 29 July 30 July 30 July 31 August 1 August 1 August 1 August 2 August 10 August 10 August 10 August 11 August 12 August 12 August 13

50 49 58 112 65 55 25 44 15 144 123 36 160 80 52 3 15 49 35 52 65 28 69 43 6 211 49 6 32 87 31 87

1 0 3 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 2 0 2 0 4 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Parliamentary debate about "offshore processing" legislation on Nauru and Manus Island (PNG) was followed by announcements that arrivals beyond August 13 are likely to be "deported" to those offshore locations. 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 August 14 August 15 August 15 August 16 August 17 August 17 August 17 August 17 August 19 August 20 August 22 August 22 August 25 August 27 August 27 August 28 August 28 August 28 August 29 August 29 August 31 September 1 September 2 September 2 71 67 62 63 63 57 40 31 17 19 70 37 80 77 165 49 54 43 56 25 31 62 81 48 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 2 0 0

east of Ashmore Islands AMSA / SAR: HMAS Maitland & merchant ship, south of Java AMSA / SAR: 48 nm south of East Java north-west of Christmas Island at Cocos (Keeling) Islands north-west of Christmas Island north-west of Christmas Island north-west of Christmas Island at Cocos (Keeling) Islands east of Ashmore Islands east of Christmas Island north-west of Ashmore Islands southwest of Indonesia on North Keeling Island near Christmas Island north of Cocos (Keeling) Islands north of Cocos (Keeling) Islands north of Cocos (Keeling) Islands northeast of Christmas Island northwest of Christmas Island north of Cocos (Keeling) Islands northeast of Christmas Island north north-west of Cocos (Keeling) Islands north-west of Ashmore Islands

Annual boat arrivals in Australian waters 2012

press release date 6 passengers crew 7 location at Cocos (Keeling) Islands northeast of Ashmore Islands northwest of Christmas Island north-west of Cocos (Keeling) Islands near the lagoon at Cocos Islands north-east of Christmas Island north-west of Ashmore Islands north-west of Christmas Island north of Christmas Island west-north-west of Cocos (Keeling) Islands AMSA assistance north of Christmas Island north-north-east of Cocos (Keeling) Islands north-west of Cocos (Keeling) Islands east of Ashmore Islands north of Christmas Island west of Christmas Island north-west of Cocos (Keeling) Islands north-west of Cocos (Keeling) Islands west of Christmas Island north of Christmas Island Indo waters rescue 45 nm south of Sunda Strait east-south-east of Ashmore Islands north-west of Cocos (Keeling) Islands north-west of Cocos (Keeling) Islands rescue - north-west of Cocos (Keeling) Islands north-west of Ashmore Islands near Christmas Island north of Cocos (Keeling) Islands this afternoon north east of Christmas Island north of Ashmore Islands north of Christmas Island at Cocos (Keeling) Islands at Cocos (Keeling) Islands north west of Ashmore Islands west of Ashmore Islands north of Ashmore Islands west of Cocos (Keeling) Islands north of Cocos (Keeling) Islands north-east of Cocos (Keeling) Islands north-east of Cocos (Keeling) Islands north-northeast of Christmas Island north east of Christmas Island north-west of Cocos (Keeling) Islands north-west of Christmas Island north of Cocos (Keeling) Islands - from AMSA rescue Oct 11 by MV Glorious Sentosa north of Cocos (Keeling) Islands west of Cocos (Keeling) Islands north of Christmas Island north-north-east of Christmas Island north of Christmas Island west of Cocos (Keeling) Islands north of Ashmore Island north of Cocos (Keeling) Islands west-north-west of Christmas Island west of Cocos (Keeling) Islands west of Cocos (Keeling) Islands west of Christmas Island north of Cocos (Keeling) Islands north of Cocos (Keeling) Islands north of Cocos (Keeling) Islands

137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196

September 3 September 6 September 6 September 7 September 8 September 8 September 8 September 9 September 10 September 10 September 10 September 10 September 11 September 13 September 16 September 16 September 17 September 20 September 22 September 23 September 23 September 25 September 26 September 26 September 27 September 27 September 28 September 28 September 29 September 30 October 2 October 3 October 4 October 8 October 9 October 9 October 10 October 11 October 12 October 12 October 12 October 13 October 14 October 14 October 14 October 14 October 14 October 16 October 17 October 18 October 18 October 18 October 20 October 21 October 22 October 22 October 23 October 24 October 24 October 24

56 80 66 63 99 28 75 39 81 58 82 63 65 148 70 7 10 67 17 66 169 12 38 15 55 74 195 72 61 146 39 27 117 98 100 75 9 70 6 7 53 188 49 104 34 114 36 6 139 64 65 74 50 5 9 101 11 36 37 17

0 0 0 0 0 2 3 0 3 0 0 0 0 3 2 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 2 3 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 3 5 0 0 0 0 5 0 1

Annual boat arrivals in Australian waters 2012

press release date 6 passengers crew 7 location east of Christmas Island north-east of Christmas Island west of Christmas Island north-north west of Cocos (Keeling) Islands south-east of Ashmore Islands north-west of Christmas Island north of Cocos (Keeling) Islands north-east of Christmas Island overnight north-east of Christmas Island overnight north west of Christmas Island north east of Christmas Island north-north west of Christmas Island west-north-west of Christmas Island west-north-west of Christmas Island north-west of Cocos (Keeling) Islands north-west of Cocos (Keeling) Islands north-west of Christmas Island north-north-west of Ashmore Islands at Cocos (Keeling) Islands at Cocos (Keeling) Islands at Cocos (Keeling) Islands north of Ashmore Islands east of Ashmore Islands north of Cocos (Keeling) Islands north-west of Christmas Island south-south-east of Ashmore Islands at Cocos (Keeling) Islands west of Cocos (Keeling) Islands north-east of Christmas Island north-west of Christmas Island south-east of Christmas Island north of Christmas Island west of Cocos (Keeling) Islands north-west of Ashmore Islands north-east of Ashmore Islands

197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231

October 24 October 26 October 27 October 28 October 28 October 29 October 29 October 29 October 29 October 30 October 31 November 3 November 3 November 3 November 4 November 4 November 5 November 6 November 6 November 6 November 6 November 7 November 7 November 8 November 10 November 13 November 14 November 15 November 16 November 17 November 18 November 18 November 19 November 19 November 19

47 23 6 62 34 18 63 42 17 11 51 63 12 90 49 105 110 63 8 24 26 3 81 35 48 6 87 86 59 53 59 136 72 54 56

2 3 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 2 0 0 2 3 2 2 0 3 4

On November 25, 2012 Immigration Minister Chris Bowen announced that boat arrival numbers were such that he would release many asylum seekers into the Australian community on Bridging Visas ­ without work rights ­ while others would be "deported" for processing to Nauru and Manus Island. However, under pressure the Minister's work ban for Bridging Visa holders in this category was `softened'. 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 November 21 November 21 November 22 November 24 November 25 November 26 November 27 November 28 December 1 December 1 December 2 December 2 December 4 December 5 December 5 December 11 December 14 December 14 December 15 December 15 55 82 37 6 87 77 80 13 34 109 34 36 105 42 110 57 29 86 56 97 0 0 2 0 0 2 3 0 2 2 3 2 0 2 0 2 0 0 3 4

west of Cocos (Keeling) Islands south-west of Christmas Island east-south-east of Ashmore Islands west of Christmas Island north-west of Cocos (Keeling) Islands north-north-west of Christmas Island north-north-east of Christmas Island west of Cocos (Keeling) Islands north of Christmas Island north of Christmas Island north of Christmas Island south-east of Christmas Island north-west of Cocos (Keeling) Islands north-north-west of Cocos (Keeling) Islands south-east of Ashmore Islands north of Ashmore Islands north of Christmas Island north of Christmas Island north east of Ashmore Islands north of Christmas Island

Annual boat arrivals in Australian waters 2012

press release date 6 passengers crew 7 location north-east of Christmas Island north-east of Christmas Island north of Christmas Island north-north-east of Christmas Island north-west of Cocos (Keeling) Island east of Ashmore Islands north of Christmas Island vicinity of Ashmore Islands

252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259

December 15 December 16 December 17 December 24 December 24 December 26 December 26 December 30 totals

54 28 54 87 35 95 6 37 16261

0 0 0 3 0 3 2 3 225

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