Read PHOTO.PDF text version

WorkSafe Western Australia

Photocopiers, Laser Printers and Other Office Copying Equipment

Introduction.............................................................................. 2 Breathing problems................................................................. 2 Coughing and sneezing.......................................................... 2 Eye Strain ................................................................................. 3 Heat and noise discomfort ..................................................... 3 Burns ........................................................................................ 3 Chemical hazards .................................................................... 3 Muscle strain............................................................................ 4 Checklist for the safe use of office copying machines:................................................................................. 4

Downloaded from SafetyLine on the Internet ­ http://www.safetyline.wa.gov.au

WorkSafe Western Australia

PHOTOCOPIERS, LASER PRINTERS AND OTHER OFFICE COPYING EQUIPMENT

Introduction

Photocopiers, laser printers and other office copying machines are essential to modern offices, but they may have special health risks for full-time operators. These risks may include:

Breathing problems

Ozone, an unstable form of oxygen produced during the photocopying or laser printing process can irritate eyes, lungs, throats and nasal passages. Prevention

· · · · ·

Buy a photocopier or laser printer with low ozone emission specifications and/or fitted with an activated carbon filter. Follow manufacturers' operating instructions. Regularly maintain the photocopier, laser printer and filter. Allow space around the machine for good airflow (an enclosed room may need mechanical ventilation). Replace carbon filters regularly, as indicated by the manufacturer's specifications.

Coughing and sneezing

Toner or powdered black carbon can be spilt during maintenance or refilling the drum. It's harmless but can cause coughing and sneezing. Prevention

·

Use containerised toner systems and automatic shut-down devices on waste toner compartments.

SafetyLine

Photocopiers, Laser Printers and Other Office Copying Equipment

2

WorkSafe Western Australia

Eye Strain

The glass on a photocopier removes harmful light emissions, while the document cover shields operators from the intense light produced by photocopiers. Prevention

·

Keep the document cover closed to avoid visual fatigue.

Heat and noise discomfort

Heat and noise generated by photocopiers can cause operator discomfort and may be a nuisance to nearby workers. Prevention

·

Locate photocopiers in a well ventilated room away from other work areas.

Burns

Burns from hot components may occur during operations such as clearing paper jams or misfeeds. Prevention

· ·

Switch off copier and allow components to stand for a few minutes to cool before attempting to remove paper. Use non-metal tongs to remove paper but ensure machine is switched OFF.

Chemical hazards

High concentrations of solvent vapours from some copiers such as diazo printers may cause nausea, headaches or poor concentration, particularly in poorly ventilated rooms. Irritation to eyes, skin and respiratory tract can also result from exposure. Contact dermatitis may occur when handling chemically treated papers or some wet-process chemicals. Prevention

· · ·

Locate copier in a well ventilated room with a filtered air exhaust system and if necessary, provide mechanical exhaust ventilation. Obtain a material safety data sheet (MSDS) from your supplier for information about handling, storage and toxicity of chemicals used. Wear disposable rubber gloves to avoid chemical contact with skin when handling chemically treated papers or wet-process chemicals.

SafetyLine

Photocopiers, Laser Printers and Other Office Copying Equipment

3

WorkSafe Western Australia

Muscle strain

Long periods of photocopying or collating in a badly designed work area can cause physical discomfort and strain. Prevention

· · ·

Position photocopiers and collation tables at a comfortable height. Alternate repetitive jobs with other duties. Store boxes of photocopy/printing paper at knee height rather than floor level to make lifting and carrying easier.

Checklist for the safe use of office copying machines:

1. Equipment should be installed in an adequately ventilated area to facilitate

safe removal of any dusts, gases or vapours.

2. If installed in an enclosed room, mechanical ventilation may be required

(refer to Australian Standard AS 1668).

3. There should be adequate space around copiers to allow for good airflow

and to facilitate maintenance.

4. Equipment should be regularly maintained. 5. The working surface of the copier should be at a comfortable height for the

operator.

6. Where necessary, a collating table at a comfortable working height should

be provided.

7. For any chemicals used, MSDSs should be available.

SafetyLine

Photocopiers, Laser Printers and Other Office Copying Equipment

4

WorkSafe Western Australia

WorkSafe Western Australia PO Box 294 West Perth, Western Australia 6872 Phone (618) 9327 8777 Email: [email protected]

Copies of this publication may be freely printed and distributed provided that WorkSafe Western Australia receives appropriate acknowledgement, and that no substantial changes are made to the text.

SafetyLine

Photocopiers, Laser Printers and Other Office Copying Equipment

5

Information

PHOTO.PDF

5 pages

Report File (DMCA)

Our content is added by our users. We aim to remove reported files within 1 working day. Please use this link to notify us:

Report this file as copyright or inappropriate

769190