Read 1%20Reading.pdf text version

Spotlight on Literacy Macmillan/McGraw-Hill -- 1997

Reading Curriculum 1st Grade

Reading: COMPREHNSION STRATEGIES USE PREREADING STRATEGIES Preview Activate prior knowledge Set purposes USE COMPREHENSION MONITORING STRATEGIES Ask questions Paraphrase Visualize Reread Use decoding and vocabulary strategies USE COMPREHENSION STRATEGIES RELATE IDEAS Make, confirm, or revise predictions Analyze story elements (character, plot, setting, narrative or character's point of view, tone, mood, theme, style) Recognize literary genres (narrative, expository; fiction, nonfiction) ORGANIZE INFORMATION Main idea and supporting details Cause and effect Categories Sequence of events Steps in a process Comparison and contrast Spatial relationships Use illustrations, photos, headings, subheadings, typefaces, maps, captions, diagrams SYNTHESIZE IDEAS Summarize Make, confirm or revise predictions Draw conclusions EVALUATE IDEAS

Distinguish between fantasy and reality Evaluate author's purpose and point of view GENERATE AND APPLY IDEAS Reflect and respond to literature Extend meaning USE VOCABULARY STRATEGIES CONTEXT CLUES FOR: Unfamiliar words STRUCTURAL CLUES FOR: Inflectional endings (-er-, est,-s,-es,-ed,-ing) Plurals (regular, irregular) RELATE WORDS AND CONCEPTS Word categories

PHONICS AND DECODING RECOGNIZE LETTERS AND RECOGNIZE SOUNDS Recognize letters: Aa-Zz Recognize discrete sounds in words (phonemic awareness) RECOGNIZE SOUND LETTER RELATIONSHIP Consonants, blends, digraphs Vowels (short, long, diphthongs, variants) Vowels and phonograms USE DECODING STRATEGIES Use phonetic cues Use semantic cues Use structural cues Blending Substitution Consonant and vowel patterns Syllable generalizations PRINT LITERACY/CONCEPTS OF PRINT Directionality Letter, word, sentence Punctuation

Integrated Language Arts Writing USE COMPOSITION STRATEGIES PREWRITNG Generate Ideas (brainstorm, visualize, make a list, etc.) Choose and narrow topics Identify purpose and audience Select writing mode: narrative, descriptive, expository, persuasive SELECT WRITING FORM Journal Message/list Paragraph Story Description Personal narrative! Gather ideas and information WRITING FIRST DRAFT Draft compositions for specific purposes and audiences, and to capture ideas REVISING Evaluate content, topic development, transition, clarity, appropriateness of language, word and sentence variety, and appropriateness to the purpose and audience Add information and ideas Clarify and refine ideas Combine sentences Evaluate revisions made by self and others PROOFREADING Proofread and edit a composition Check spelling, punctuation, and capitalization PUBLISHING Share compositions with others Conventions of Language GRAMMAR AND USAGE Recognize types of sentences: declarative, interrogative, imperative, exclamatoryRecognize complete and incomplete sentences Recognize sentence structures: simple, compound, complex Recognize sentence parts: complete, simple, compound subject/predicate; clauses Recognize nouns: common, proper, singular, plural, possessive; appositives

MECHANICS Use standard capitalization, punctuation, spelling Listening, Speaking and Viewing LISTENING SKILLS Demonstrate listening skills (focus attention, organize information) Respond to speakers in a variety of ways (ask questions, think aloud, contribute ideas and retell what is heard) Listen for specific purpose: information, appreciation, entertainment, directions, and persuasion Apply comprehension strategies in listening activities Participate in listening activities, related to reading and writing SPEAKING SKILLS Demonstrate speaking skills (volume, intonation, enunciation, appropriate rate, and fluency) Organize and present ideas in a variety of oral presentation formats Speak for a specific purpose: inform, entertain, give directions, persuade, and express personal feelings and opinions Apply composition strategies in speaking activities Participate in speaking activities related to reading and writing VIEWING SKILLS Demonstrate viewing skills Respond to audiovisual media in a variety of ways Explore a variety of audiovisual media ( television, film, photography and expressive arts) Use viewing for a specific purpose: information, appreciation, entertainment, directions, and persuasion Compare and contrast the characteristics of print material and audiovisual media Apply comprehension strategies in viewing activities Participate in speaking activities related to reading and writing Appreciating Literature and Language ENHANCE MULTICULTURAL AWARENES Appreciate and value diverse points of view Become aware of cultural backgrounds, experiences, emotions, and ideas of self and others through literature Appreciate the literary expression of our contemporary multicultural society and multicultural heritage Appreciate the universality of literary themes in many cultures and in many different times

Appreciate the significance of traditional literature within a culture Recognize cultural attitudes and customs in literary selections WRITER'S AND ARTIST'S CRAFT WRITERS CRAFT Appreciate the sound of language Appreciate literary devices and techniques Appreciate literary forms Appreciate words (unusual words and word combinations, word relationships and word histories) ARTIST'S CRAFT Appreciate artistic styles, media, and techniques PERSONAL INTERESTS AND ATTITUDES Select stories and books for personal interests Develop personal reading and writing interests Make connections between one's personal life and literature Choose to read and write for a variety of purposes SHARING THROUGH LITERATURE Develop an awareness of the classroom as a community of learners which values cooperation, fair play, and respect for others and for oneself Share, review, and recommend books to others Participate in reading, writing, listening, speaking, and viewing activities Appreciate the artistic interpretation of literature through film, illustration, photography, dance, oral presentations, and other forms of expression STUDY SKILLS AND INFORMATION RESOURCES STUDY SKILLS Use study skills Follow directions Use alphabetical order Use test-taking strategies Develop personal habits of self-assessment INFORMATION RESOURCES Use information resources Book concepts: cover and title, author, and illustrator Parts of a book: title page, index, copyright page, bibliography, table of contents, glossary, and footnotes

Reference Sources: dictionary, thesaurus, encyclopedia, almanac, atlas, reader's guide and other periodical indexes, card catalog/library classification systems, library resources, nonprint media, telephone directory, calendar, text book (organization), newspapers and magazines, guidebooks, technology, and recipes, Graphic aids: charts and tables, diagrams, maps, cartoons, graphs, schedules, timelines, advertisements, menus, labels, brochures, and signs

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