Read Pearse 24 yr spp list v3 text version

BIODIVERSITY OF ROCKY INTERTIDAL OF NORTHERN MONTEREY BAY: A 24-YEAR COMPARISON Dr. John Pearse1 & Dr. Eric Danner2 1 Professor Emeritus, Ecology and Evolutionary Biology University of California, Santa Cruz Fisheries Ecology Division Southwest Fisheries Science Center 110 Shaffer Road Santa Cruz, CA Project Background Species richness of 10 sites between Pigeon Point and Soquel Point were surveyed by students of the University of California, Santa Cruz in 1971-1973 and again in 1996-1997. The sites were Pigeon Point (north and south), Ano Nuevo Point, Ano Nuevo Cove, Scott Creek, Davenport Landing, Natural Bridges, Almar Street, Point Santa Cruz, and Soquel Point. Teams of 20-30 students visited each of the 10 sites each quarter and enumerated the species found (algae and invertebrates; fishes in 1996-1997 only); specimens that could not be identified were brought back to the lab for microscopic examination, and some were sent to experts for verification. Vouchers of the invertebrates found in 1971-73 were deposited with the California Academy of Sciences. The total number of species found at each site was remarkably similar between the two survey periods. More invertebrates were found at all sites in 1996-97 than in the 1970s, probably because of increased experience by the principal investigator. Signficantly more species were found at Soquel Point and Point Santa Cruz in the 1990s than the 1970s, probably because of improved water quality (an intertidal domestic sewage outfall at Soquel Point was discontinued in 1976). In contrast, there was significantly fewer species at the Ano Nuevo sites (the richest in terms of invertebrates) in the 1990s than the 1970s, probably because of the marked increase of pinnipeds there over that time period. The visually dominant species at each site remained the same between the two study periods with no obvious change. Quantitative studies were done at 5 sites (Pigeon Point south, Davenport Landing, Natural Bridges, Almar Street, and Soquel Point) by counting abundances of selected species in randomly placed quarter-meter quadrats within large plots on relatively flat, uniform areas. These were done irregularly over the time between the early 1970s and 1996-97; some are being continued by the MBNMS's LiMPETS program (see: http://repositories.cdlib.org/csgc/rcr/Educ_03-01, and http://limpetsmonitoring.org/). Little change has been detected at each site: red algae dominate the Pigeon Point South site and mussels the Davenport Landing, Natural Bridges, and Almar sites. A plot on a bed of aggregrated sea anemones also remained unchanged at the Davenport Landing site. After the sewage discharge was terminated at the Soquel Point site, surfgrass slowly returned to once again dominate that site. Despite the overall lack of change at most sites in dominant species present and species richness,

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species composition differed both among the sites and between the two study periods at all the sites. There was considerable flux in species composition, both spatially and temporally, probably because most of the species recorded are relatively rare and inconspicuous so that the chance of finding individual species at any one site or time period is low. There was no evidence of an increase in southern species, or decrease in northern species, that might reflect global warming. The main conclusion from these surveys is that there was remarkably little difference between the 24 years separating the two study periods, and no evidence was found of degradation or deterioration despite the increasingly heavy use at most sites by people (Ano Nuevo being the exception because people are now not permitted free access to the area). This project was supported by California Sea Grant, the Association of Monterey Bay Area Governments (1970s), and the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary (1990s). The results are summarized in the Report of Completed Projects, 1994-97, California Sea Grant College System. Species List Below is a list of the species encountered by Pearse et al. during this project. Taxa are organized by phylum (alphabetically), then group (a project designation), and finally alphabetically by genus. UNID = unidentified, sp. = species singular, spp. = species plural, and numbers or letters following the "sp." denote unknown but recognizable taxa. Since terms used in taxonomic classification are in flux, some phyla, genera and/or species may be outdated. Taxonomic names are those that were current in the mid-1990s; some synonyms remain. The below list of all phyla/taxa used in this document are arranged alphebetically: Annelida, Arthropoda, Brachiopoda, Bryozoa, Chlorophyta, Chordata, Cnidaria, Cyanobactera, Echinodermata, Hemichordata, Kamptozoa, Mollusca, Nemertea, Phaeophyta, Platyhelminthes, Porifera, Rhodophyta, Sipuncula, Tracheophyta, and Uchiura. The "group" designation corresponds to the taxa each of the different student groups became experts in and searched for in the field. For more details about when and where individual taxa were found, contact John Pearse <[email protected]>.

Species Amaena occidentalis Amphitrite cirrata Anaitides mucosa Arabella iricolor Arabella semimaculata Arctonoe fragilis Arctonoe pulchra Arctonoe sp. Arctonoe vittata Armandia bioculata Armandia brevis Armandia spp. Autolytus sp. Axiothella rubrocincta Boccardia columbiana Boccardia proboscidea Boccardia sp. Phylum Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Group Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes

Buedopotamilla occelata Capitella capitata Capitellidae spp. Cheilonereis cyclurus Chone ecaudata Chone minuta Chrysopetalum occidentale Cirratulus cirratus Cirriformia luxuriosa Cirriformia spirabrancha Cirriformia spp. Diopatra ornata Dodecaceria fewkesi Dorvillea moniloceras Dorvillea spp. Drilonereis falcata Eteone californica Eteone pacifica Eudistylia polymorpha Eudistylia spp. Eulalia aviculiseta Eulalia bilineata Eulalia sp. Eumida bifoliata Eumida sanguinea Eunereis longipes Eunice antennata Eunoe senta Eupomatus gracilis Flabelliderma commensalis Genetyllis castanea Genetyllis groenlandica Glycera capitata Glyceridae spp. Halosydna brevisetosa Halosydna spp. Harmothoe imbricata Harmothoe sp. 2 Hemipodus borealis Hesperone adventor Hydroides gracilis Idanthyrsus ornmentatus Lepidasthenia interrupta Lepidonatus squamatus Lumbrineris erecta Lumbrineris japonica Lumbrineris sp. Lumbrineris tetraura Lumbrineris zonata Maldanidae spp. Marphysa stylobranchiata Myxicola infundibulum Naineris dendritica Neanthes brandti Nereidae Unid Nereididae Unid Nereiphylla castanea Nereis eakini

Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida

Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes

Nereis grubei Nereis latescens Nereis pelagica neonigripes Nereis sp. Nereis vexillosa Nothria elegans Odontosyllis sp. Ophelia assimilis Ophelia limacina Ophiodromus pugettensis Orbinia johnsoni Oriopsis gracilis Owenia collaris Owenia sp. Pareurythoe californica Phragmatopoma californica Phyllochaetopterus prolifica Phyllodoce mucosa Pista elongata Pista spp. Platynereis agassizi Platynereis bicanaliculata Platynereis spp. Polycirrus sp. Polyophthalmus pictus Protolaeospira eximia Pseudopotamilla sp. Ramex californiensis Sabella crassicornis Sabellaria cementarium Sabellidae UNID Salmacina tribranchiata Schistocomus hiltoni Schistocomus sp. Schizobranchia insignis Scoloplos sp. Serpula vermicularis Serpulid sp. Spinosphaera oculata Spirobranchus spinosus Spirorbis eximius Spirorbis spp. Sthenelais fusca Syllidae UNID Syllis elongata Syllis gracilis Terebella californica Terebellidae UNID Tharyx spp. Thelepus crispus Thelepus spp. Trypanosyllis gemmipara Trypanosyllis ingens Typosyllis aciculata Typosyllis adamanteus Typosyllis armillaris Typosyllis fasciata Typosyllis hyalina

Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida

Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes

Typosyllis pulchra UNID Phyllodocidae UNID polychaete UNID Scalibregmidae Balanus aquila Balanus cariosus Balanus crenatus Balanus glandula Balanus nubilus Balanus pacificus Balanus tintinnabulum Balanus tintinnabulus californica Balanus trigonus Chthamalus dalli Chthamalus fissus Chthamalus fissus microtretus Chthamalus spp. Megabalanus californicus Pollicipes polymerus Pollicipes polymerus (red lip) Semibalanus cariosus Tetraclita rubescens Tetraclita rubescens elegans Tetraclita sp. Tetraclita squamosa rubescens Alpheus clamator Alpheus spp. Betaeus gracilis Betaeus harfordi Betaeus harrimani Betaeus longidactylus Betaeus setosus Betaeus spp Blepharipoda occidentalis Cancer antennarius Cancer anthonyi Cancer jordani Cancer productus Cancer spp. Crago nigricauda Crangon dentipes Crangon handi Crangon nigricauda Crangon sp. Crangon stylirostris Cryptolithodes sitchensis Emerita analoga Hapalogaster cavicauda Hemigrapsus nudis Hemigrapsus oregonensis Heptacarpus brevirostris Heptacarpus carinatus Heptacarpus palpator Heptacarpus paludicola Heptacarpus pictus Heptacarpus sitchensis Heptacarpus spp.

Annelida Annelida Annelida Annelida Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda

Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Polychaetes Bivalves and Barnacles Bivalves and Barnacles Bivalves and Barnacles Bivalves and Barnacles Bivalves and Barnacles Bivalves and Barnacles Bivalves and Barnacles Bivalves and Barnacles Bivalves and Barnacles Bivalves and Barnacles Bivalves and Barnacles Bivalves and Barnacles Bivalves and Barnacles Bivalves and Barnacles Bivalves and Barnacles Bivalves and Barnacles Bivalves and Barnacles Bivalves and Barnacles Bivalves and Barnacles Bivalves and Barnacles Bivalves and Barnacles Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans

Heptacarpus taylori Hippolyte califoniensis Holopagurus pilosus Isocheles pilosus Lophopanopeus bellus Lophopanopeus diengensis Lophopanopeus l. heathii Lophopanopeus spp. Loxorhychus crispatus Loxorhychus grandis Loxorhychus spp. Mimulus foliatus Opisthopus transversus Pachycheles holocericus Pachycheles pubescens Pachycheles rudis Pachycheles spp. Pachygrapsus crassipes Pagurus granosimanus Pagurus hemphillii Pagurus hirsutiusculus Pagurus samuelis Pagurus spp. Petrolisthes cinctipes Petrolisthes eriomerus Petrolisthes eriomerus/manimaculus Petrolisthes spp. Pinnixia franciscana Pinnixia weymonthi Pugettia gracilis Pugettia producta Pugettia richii Pugettia spp. Scleroplax granulata Scyra acutifrons Spirontocaris brevirostris Spirontocaris carinata Spirontocaris palpator Spirontocaris paludicola Spirontocaris picta Spirontocaris prionota Spirontocaris spp. Spirontocaris taylori UNID caprellid UNID crab UNID crab 2 UNID gammarid UNID shrimp 1 UNID shrimp 2 UNID shrimp 3 "Dynamenella" sheari Achelia chelata Ammothea hilgendorfi Ammothella menziesi Anoplodactylus erectus Anoplodactylus viriditestinale Armadilioniscus holmesi Armadillidium vulgare

Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda

Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod Crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Decapod crustaceans Isopods and Pycnogonids Isopods and Pycnogonids Isopods and Pycnogonids Isopods and Pycnogonids Isopods and Pycnogonids Isopods and Pycnogonids Isopods and Pycnogonids Isopods and Pycnogonids

Cirolana harfordi Cyathura munda Decachela discata Dynamenella dilatata Dynamenella glabra Exosphaeroma amplicauda Exosphaeroma inornata Gnorimosphaeroma lutea Gnorimosphaeroma lutum Gnorimosphaeroma oregonense Halosoma viriditestinale Ianiropsis minuta Ianiropsis minuta Idotea aculeata Idotea fewkesi Idotea montereyensis Idotea resecata Idotea schmitti Idotea spp. Idotea stenops Idotea urotoma Idotea wosnesenski Janiralata sp. Lecythorhychus hilgendorfi Lecythorhychus marginatus Ligia occidentalis Ligia pallasii Limnoria sp. Lironeca californica Pagurapseudes sp. Paranthura elegans Phoxichilidium femoratum Porcellio dilatatus Porcellio laevis Porcellio scaber Porcellio scaber americanus Pycnogonum stearnsi Synidotea harfordi Synidotea pettibonae Tanystylum californicum Tanystylum duospinum Tanystylum intermedian Tanystylum occidentalis Tecticeps convexus UNID amphipod UNID isopod UNID pycnogonid Thalassotrechus sp. UNID tanaid Terebretalia transversa Alcynoidium parasiticum Alcyonidium spp. Bowerbankia sp. Bugula californica Bugula flabellata Bugula neritina

Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Arthropoda Brachiopoda Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa

Isopods and Isopods and Isopods and Isopods and Isopods and Isopods and Isopods and Isopods and Isopods and Isopods and Isopods and Isopods and Isopods and Isopods and Isopods and Isopods and Isopods and Isopods and Isopods and Isopods and Isopods and Isopods and Isopods and Isopods and Isopods and Isopods and Isopods and Isopods and Isopods and Isopods and Isopods and Isopods and Isopods and Isopods and Isopods and Isopods and Isopods and Isopods and Isopods and Isopods and Isopods and Isopods and Isopods and Isopods and Isopods and Isopods and Isopods and

Pycnogonids Pycnogonids Pycnogonids Pycnogonids Pycnogonids Pycnogonids Pycnogonids Pycnogonids Pycnogonids Pycnogonids Pycnogonids Pycnogonids Pycnogonids Pycnogonids Pycnogonids Pycnogonids Pycnogonids Pycnogonids Pycnogonids Pycnogonids Pycnogonids Pycnogonids Pycnogonids Pycnogonids Pycnogonids Pycnogonids Pycnogonids Pycnogonids Pycnogonids Pycnogonids Pycnogonids Pycnogonids Pycnogonids Pycnogonids Pycnogonids Pycnogonids Pycnogonids Pycnogonids Pycnogonids Pycnogonids Pycnogonids Pycnogonids Pycnogonids Pycnogonids Pycnogonids Pycnogonids Pycnogonids

Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans

Bugula pacifica Bugula spp. Callopora horrida Callopora sp. Caulibugula ciliata Cauloramphus sp. Cauloramphus spiniferum Celleporella cornuta Celleporella santacruzana Celleporella spp. Conopeum reticulum Conopeum spp. Crisia maxima Crisia occidentalis Crisia serrulata Crisia spp. Cryptosula pallasiana Dendrobeania laxa Dendrobeania lichenoides Dendrobeania longispinosa Electra crustulenta Eurystomella bilabiata Eurystomella sp. Fenestrulina malusi Figularia hilli Filicrisia franciscana Filicrisia geniculata Filicrisia spp. Flustrellidra corniculata Hippodiplosia insculpta Hipporina americana Hipporina sp. Hippothoa hyalina Hippothoa spp. Lichenopora sp. Lyrula hippocrepsis Membranipora membranacea Membranipora serrilamella Membranipora spp. Membranipora tuberculata Microporella californica Microporella ciliata Microporella cribrosa Microporella sp. Parasmittina colifera Parasmittina sp. Parasmittina trispinosa Retevirgula areolata Rhynchozoon bispinosum Rhynchozoon rostratum Rhynchozoon sp. Schizoporella cornuta Schizoporella spp. Schizoporella unicornis Scrupocellaria californica Scrupocellaria talonis Smittoidea prolifica Tricellaria erecta

Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa

Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans

Tricellaria occidentalis Tricellaria praescuta Tricellaria spp. Tricellaria ternata Triticella elongata UNID bryozoan 1 UNID bryozoan 2 UNID bryozoan 3 UNID bryozoan 4 UNID Cheilostomata Urospora sp. Acrosiphonia coalita Acrosiphonia mertensii Acrosiphonia saxatilis Acrosiphonia sp. Acrosiphonia/Spongomorpha - complex Bryopsis corticulans Bryopsis pennaluta Bryopsis spp. Chaetomorpha aerea Chaetomorpha californica Chaetomorpha linum Chaetomorpha spiralis Chaetomorpha spp. Cladophora albida Cladophora columbiana Cladophora densa Cladophora elmorei Cladophora flexuosa Cladophora graminea Cladophora microcladioides Cladophora sakaii Cladophora sericea Cladophora sp. Cladophora stimpsonii Codium fragile Codium setchellii Codium spp. Collinsiella tuberculata Enteromorpha clathrata Enteromorpha compressa Enteromorpha flexuosa Enteromorpha intestinales Enteromorpha linza Enteromorpha prolifera Enteromorpha sp. Enteromorpha tubulosa Halicystis ovalis Kornmannia leptoderma Lola lubrica Monostroma grevillei Monostroma zostericola Rhizoclonium implexum Rhizoclonium riparium Rhizoclonium sp. Spongomorpha coalita Spongomorpha mertensii

Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Bryozoa Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta

Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Green Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae

Spongomorpha saxatilis Spongomorpha spp. Ulothrix implexa Ulothrix pseudoflacca Ulva angusta Ulva californica Ulva costata Ulva dactylifera Ulva expansa Ulva lactuca Ulva lobata Ulva rigida Ulva spp. Ulva stenophylla Ulva taeniata Ulva/Enteromorpha spp. Urospora penicilliformis Aplidium arenatum Aplidium californicum Aplidium propinquum Aplidium solidum Aplidium spp. Archidistoma diaphanes Archidistoma molle Archidistoma psammion Archidistoma ritteri Archidistoma sp. Ascidia ceratodes Boltenia villosa Botryllus sp. Botryllus tuberatus Chelyosoma productum Clavelina huntsmanii Cnemidocarpa finmarkiensis Cystodytes lobatus Cystodytes spp. Dendrodoa abbotti Didemnum carnulentum Diplosoma macdonaldi Distaplia occidentalis Distaplia smithi Eudistoma diaphanes Eudistoma psammion Eudistoma ritteri Euherdmania claviformis Metandrocarpa dura Metandrocarpa taylori Molgula sp. Perophora annectens Polyclinum planum Pycnoclavella stanleyi Pyura haustor Ritterella aequalisiphonis Ritterella australis Ritterella pulchra Ritterella rubra Ritterella spp.

Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chlorophyta Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata

Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Ascidians Ascidians Ascidians Ascidians Ascidians Ascidians Ascidians Ascidians Ascidians Ascidians Ascidians Ascidians Ascidians Ascidians Ascidians Ascidians Ascidians Ascidians Ascidians Ascidians Ascidians Ascidians Ascidians Ascidians Ascidians Ascidians Ascidians Ascidians Ascidians Ascidians Ascidians Ascidians Ascidians Ascidians Ascidians Ascidians Ascidians Ascidians Ascidians Ascidians

Styela clava Styela montereyensis Styela truncata Synoicum parfustis Trididemnum sp. UNID tunicate Anoplarcus purpurescens Apodichthys flavidus Artedius corallinus Artedius lateralis Cebidichythys violaceus Citharichthys sordidus Clinocottus acuticeps Clinocottus analis Clinocottus embryum Clinocottus globiceps Clinocottus recalvus Cottidae (juvenile) Gibbonsia elegans Gibbonsia metzi Gibbonsia montereyensis Girella nigricans Gobiesox maeandricus Hemilepidotus hemilepidotus Heterostichus rostratus Hexagrammos decagrammus Hexagrammos superciliosus Hyperprosopon argenteum Juvenile cottid Juvenile rockfish Juvenile snailfish Leptocottus armatus Liparididae (juvenile) Liparis florae Micrometrus aurora Micrometrus minimus Oligocottus maculosus Oligocottus rimensis Oligocottus rubellio Oligocottus snyderi Orthonopius triacis Oxylebius pictus Paralichthys californicus Phanerodon furcatus Phytichthyus chirus Platyrhinoides triseriata Pleuronichthys coenosus Porichthys myriaster Porichthys notatus Rimicola muscarum Rimicola spp. Scorpaenichthys marmoratus Sebastes flavidus YOY Sebastes sp. (YOY) UNID fish Xererpes (juvenile) Xererpes fucorum Xiphister atropurpureus

Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata Chordata

Ascidians Ascidians Ascidians Ascidians Ascidians Ascidians Fishes Fishes Fishes Fishes Fishes Fishes Fishes Fishes Fishes Fishes Fishes Fishes Fishes Fishes Fishes Fishes Fishes Fishes Fishes Fishes Fishes Fishes Fishes Fishes Fishes Fishes Fishes Fishes Fishes Fishes Fishes Fishes Fishes Fishes Fishes Fishes Fishes Fishes Fishes Fishes Fishes Fishes Fishes Fishes Fishes Fishes Fishes Fishes Fishes Fishes Fishes Fishes

Xiphister mucosus Abietinaria spp. Aglaophenia latirostris Aglaophenia sp. Anthopleura "sola" Anthopleura artemisia Anthopleura elegantissima Anthopleura xanthogrammica Balanophyllia elegans Bimeria sp. Bougainvillia spp. Campanularia sp. Clava spp. Clavularia sp. Corynactis californica Coryne spp. Coryne/Syncoryne spp. Corynidae Diadumene lighti Epiactis prolifera Epiactis ritteri Eudendrium californicum Eudendrium sp. Garveia annulata Garveia sp. Halecium spp. Haliclystus spp. Hydractinia milleri Hydractinia spp. Hydrallmania spp. Leuckartiara octona Manania sp. Obelia sp. Perigonimus sp. Phialidium / Campanularia sp. Plumularia sp. Sarsia sp. Sertularella sp. Sertularella turgida Sertularia fucata Sertularia sp. Stauridiosarsia japonica Stauridiosarsia spp. Stauromedusae Stylantheca porphyra Syncoryne spp. Thuiaria sp. Tubularia marina Tubularia spp. UNID hydroid 1 UNID hydroid 2 UNID hydroid 3 Urticina coriacea Urticina lofotensis Velella velella Rivulariaceae

Chordata Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cnidaria Cyanobacterium

Fishes Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Cnidarians Blue-Green Algae

Oscillatoria sp. UNID cyanobacteria Amphiodia occidentalis Amphiodia occidentalis (v2) Amphiodia sp. sutton Amphipholis pugetana Amphipholis squamata Cucumaria curata/pseudocurata Cucumaria miniata Cucumaria piperata Cucumaria pseudocurata Cucumaria sp. Dermasterias imbricata Eupentacta quinquesemita Evasterias troschelii Henricia leviscula Henricia sp. Leptasterias hexactis Leptasterias pusilla Leptasterias sp. Leptosynapta albicans Leptosynapta sp. Lissothuria nutriens Ophiopholis aculeata Ophiopholis bakeri Ophiopholis sp. Ophioplocus esmarki Ophiopteris papillosa Ophiothrix spiculata Pachythyone rubra Patiria miniata Pisaster brevispinus Pisaster giganteus Pisaster ochraceus Pisaster sp. Pycnopodia helianthoides Strongylocentrotus franciscanus Strongylocentrotus purpuratus Thyonepsolus nutriens UNID Ophiuroid UNID sea urchin Urechis caupo Enteropneusta sp. Barentsia gracilis Barentsia parva Barentsia ramosa Myosoma spinosa Adula californiensis Adula falcata Adula sp. boring clam (siphons) Cardita carpenteri Chama arcana

Cyanobacterium Cyanobacterium Echinodermata Echinodermata Echinodermata Echinodermata Echinodermata Echinodermata Echinodermata Echinodermata Echinodermata Echinodermata Echinodermata Echinodermata Echinodermata Echinodermata Echinodermata Echinodermata Echinodermata Echinodermata Echinodermata Echinodermata Echinodermata Echinodermata Echinodermata Echinodermata Echinodermata Echinodermata Echinodermata Echinodermata Echinodermata Echinodermata Echinodermata Echinodermata Echinodermata Echinodermata Echinodermata Echinodermata Echinodermata Echinodermata Echinodermata Echiura Hemichordata Kamptozoa Kamptozoa Kamptozoa Kamptozoa Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca

Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Echinoderms Echinoderms Echinoderms Echinoderms Echinoderms Echinoderms Echinoderms Echinoderms Echinoderms Echinoderms Echinoderms Echinoderms Echinoderms Echinoderms Echinoderms Echinoderms Echinoderms Echinoderms Echinoderms Echinoderms Echinoderms Echinoderms Echinoderms Echinoderms Echinoderms Echinoderms Echinoderms Echinoderms Echinoderms Echinoderms Echinoderms Echinoderms Echinoderms Echinoderms Echinoderms Echinoderms Echinoderms Echinoderms Echinoderms Non-polychaete worms Non-polychaete worms Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bryozoans and Kamptozoans Bivalves and Bivalves and Bivalves and Bivalves and Bivalves and Bivalves and Barnacles Barnacles Barnacles Barnacles Barnacles Barnacles

Chama pellucida Chlamys hericius Crassadoma giganteus Entodesma saxicola Glans carpenteri Glans subquadrata Hiatella arctica Hiatella spp. Hinnites giganteus Hinnites multirugosa Kellia laperousii Lasaea subviridis Lyonsia californica Mactra californica Modiolus rectus (juv) Mytilimeria nuttalli Mytilus californianus Mytilus galloprovincialis/trosollus Parapholas californica Penitella conradi Penitella pennita Petricola cartoides Petricola spp. Platyodon cancellatus Pododesmus cepio Protothaca staminea Pseudochama exogyra Septifer bifurcatus Tressus nuttallii UNID bivalve UNID clam UNID Semelidae Basilochiton heathii Callistochiton crassicostatus Chaetopleura gemma Cryptochiton stelleri Ischnochiton interstinctus Ischnochiton radians Ischnochiton regularis Ischnochiton regularis Katharina tunicata Lepidochitona berryana Lepidochitona caverna Lepidochitona dentiens Lepidochitona hartwegii Lepidochitona spp. Lepidochitona thomasi Lepidozona cooperi Lepidozona mertenzii Lepidozona sinudentata Leptochiton rugatus Mopalia ciliata Mopalia hindsii Mopalia lignosa Mopalia lowei Mopalia muscosa Mopalia porifera Mopalia spectabilis

Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca

Bivalves and Barnacles Bivalves and Barnacles Bivalves and Barnacles Bivalves and Barnacles Bivalves and Barnacles Bivalves and Barnacles Bivalves and Barnacles Bivalves and Barnacles Bivalves and Barnacles Bivalves and Barnacles Bivalves and Barnacles Bivalves and Barnacles Bivalves and Barnacles Bivalves and Barnacles Bivalves and Barnacles Bivalves and Barnacles Bivalves and Barnacles Bivalves and Barnacles Bivalves and Barnacles Bivalves and Barnacles Bivalves and Barnacles Bivalves and Barnacles Bivalves and Barnacles Bivalves and Barnacles Bivalves and Barnacles Bivalves and Barnacles Bivalves and Barnacles Bivalves and Barnacles Bivalves and Barnacles Bivalves and barnacles Bivalves and Barnacles Bivalves and Barnacles Chitons Chitons Chitons Chitons Chitons Chitons Chitons Chitons Chitons Chitons Chitons Chitons Chitons Chitons Chitons Chitons Chitons Chitons Chitons Chitons Chitons Chitons Chitons Chitons Chitons Chitons

Mopalia spp. Nuttallina californica Placiphorella velata Stenoplax fallax Stenoplax heathiana Tonicella lineata UNID chiton Acmea mitra Crepidula adunca Crepidula nummeria Crepidula perforans Crepidula plana Crepidula spp. Diodora aspera Discurria incessa Fissurella volcano Haliotis cracherodii Haliotis rufescens Haliotis sp. Hipponix antiguatus Hipponix cranioides Limpets on rocks Lottia asmi Lottia digitalis/austrodigitalis Lottia gigantea Lottia instabilis Lottia limatula Lottia ochracea Lottia paradigitalis Lottia pelta Lottia strigatella Lottia triangularis Macclintockia scabra Megatebennus bimaculatus Megatebennus sp. Megathura crenatula Tectura fenestrata Tectura paleacea Tectura persona Tectura scutum Trimusculus reticulans UNID limpet 1 UNID limpet 2 UNID Limpet sp. A Williamia peltoides Acanthodoris brunnea Acanthodoris hudsoni Acanthodoris lutea Acanthodoris nanaimoensis Acanthodoris pilosa Acanthodoris rhodoceros Aeolidia papillosa Aldisa sanguinea Ancula pacifica Anisodoris nobilis Antiopella barbarensis Aplysiopsis enteromorphae Aplysiopsis smithi

Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca

Chitons Chitons Chitons Chitons Chitons Chitons Chitons Limpet-like Gastropods Limpet-like Gastropods Limpet-like Gastropods Limpet-like Gastropods Limpet-like Gastropods Limpet-like Gastropods Limpet-like Gastropods Limpet-like Gastropods Limpet-like Gastropods Limpet-like Gastropods Limpet-like Gastropods Limpet-like Gastropods Limpet-like Gastropods Limpet-like Gastropods Limpet-like Gastropods Limpet-like Gastropods Limpet-like Gastropods Limpet-like Gastropods Limpet-like Gastropods Limpet-like Gastropods Limpet-like Gastropods Limpet-like Gastropods Limpet-like Gastropods Limpet-like Gastropods Limpet-like Gastropods Limpet-like Gastropods Limpet-like Gastropods Limpet-like Gastropods Limpet-like Gastropods Limpet-like Gastropods Limpet-like Gastropods Limpet-like Gastropods Limpet-like Gastropods Limpet-like Gastropods Limpet-like Gastropods Limpet-like Gastropods Limpet-like Gastropods Limpet-like Gastropods Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses

Aplysiopsis sp. Archidoris montereyensis Berthella californica Berthella strongi Cadlina flavomaculata Cadlina luteomarginata Cadlina modesta Catriona columbiana Coryphella spp. Coryphella trilineata Cuthona albocrosta Cuthona cocoachroma Cuthona concinna Cuthona divae Cuthona lagune Dendrodoris sp. Dendronotus albus Dendronotus dalli Dendronotus frondosus Dendronotus frondosus Dendronotus sp.1 Dendronotus subramosus Diaulula sandiegensis Dirona albolineata Dirona picta Discodoris heathi Discodoris sp.1 Doriopsilla albopunctata Doto amyra Doto kya Elysia hedgpethi Eubranchus sp. Flabellina iodinea Flabellina pricei Flabellina trilineata Flabellinopsis iodinea Geitodoris heathi Hermaensia smithi Hermisenda crassicornis Hopkinsea rosacea Janolus fuscus Laila cockerelli Octopus rubesense Onchidella borealis Onchidella sp. Phidiana crassicornis Phidiana hiltoni Phidiana pugnax Placida dendritica Pleurobranchaea strongi Pleurobranchus californicus denticulatus Polycera atra Precuthona divae Rostanga pulchra Stilger fuscovittatus Triopha carpenteri Triopha catalinae Triopha maculata

Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca

Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses

Tritonia festiva UNID nudibranch "Urosalpinx" cinerea "Urosalpinx" subangulata Acanthina punctulata Acanthina spirata Acanthina spp. Alia aurantiaca Alia carinata Alia spp. Alia tuberosa Alvinia sp. Amphissa columbiana Amphissa spp. Amphissa versicolor Amphithalamus tenuis Astrea gibberosa Astyris aurantiaca Barleeia acuta Barleeia haliotiphila Barleeia oldroydi Barleeia spp. Barleeia subtenuis Bittium eschrichtii Bittium spp. Calliostoma annulatum Calliostoma canaliculatum Calliostoma gloriosum Calliostoma ligatum Calliostoma spp. Calliostoma supragranosum Ceratostoma foliatum Cerithiopsis carpenteri Cerithiopsis cosmia Cerithiopsis sp. Clathromangelia interfossa Clathurella canfieldi Collisella on Tegula Conus californicus Crepidula on Tegula Dendropoma lituella Erato vitellina Fartulum occidentalis Fusinus luteopictus Granulina margaritula Homalopoma luridum Homalopoma spp. Iselica fenesteata Iselica ovoidea Lacuna marmorata Lacuna porrecta Lacuna spp. Lacuna unifasciata Lirularia parcipicta Lirularia succincta Lithopoma gibberosa Littorina keenae Littorina planaxis

Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca

Slugs and Octopuses Slugs and Octopuses Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails

Littorina scutulata/plena Littorina spp. Margarites pupillus Margarites salmoneus Margarites succintus Mitromorpha sp. Nassarius mendicus Nitidiscala tincta Nucella canaliculata Nucella emarginata Nucella lamellosa Nucella sp. Ocenebra atropurpurea Ocenebra circumtexta Ocenebra interfossa Ocenebra lurida/gracillima Ocenebra spp Odostomia sp. Olivella biplicata Olivella pycna Olivella spp. Omalogyra sp. Opalia chacei Opalia montereyensis Opalia sp. Petaloconchus montereyensis Pseudomelatoma torosa Searlesia dira Serpulorbis squamigerus Tegula brunnea Tegula funebralis Tegula montereyi Tegula pulligo Tegula sp. Tricolia pulloides Tricolia spp. Trivia californiana Turbonilla spp. UNID snail 1 UNID snail 2 UNID whelk Velutina velutina Amphiporus bimaculatus Amphiporus formidabilis Amphiporus imparispinosus Amphiporus sp. Cerebratulis californiensis Emplectonema gracile Lineus vegetus Micrura paradalis Micrura verrilli Nemertean sp. Nemertopsis gracilis Paranemertes peregrina Tubulanis pellucidus Tubulanis polymorphis Tubulanus sexlineatus

Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Mollusca Nemertea Nemertea Nemertea Nemertea Nemertea Nemertea Nemertea Nemertea Nemertea Nemertea Nemertea Nemertea Nemertea Nemertea Nemertea

Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Snails Non-polychaete worms Non-polychaete worms Non-polychaete worms Non-polychaete worms Non-polychaete worms Non-polychaete worms Non-polychaete worms Non-polychaete worms Non-polychaete worms Non-polychaete worms Non-polychaete worms Non-polychaete worms Non-polychaete worms Non-polychaete worms Non-polychaete worms

UNID Hoplonemertea UNID Nemertean A UNID Nemertean B Alaria marginata Analipus japonicus Colpomenia bullosa Colpomenia peregrina Colpomenia sinuosa Colpomenia spp. Costaria costata Cylindrocarpus rugosus Cylindrocarpus spp. Cystoseira osmundacea Cystoseira spp. Desmarestia herbacea Desmarestia latifrons Desmarestia ligulata Desmarestia munda Desmarestia spp. Dictyoneurum californicum Ectocarpus confervoides Ectocarpus parvus Ectocarpus sp. Egregia laevigata Egregia menziesii laevigata Egregia menziesii menziesii Egregia spp. Feldmannia cylindrica Feldmannia simplex Fucus distichus Fucus gardneri Giffordia granulosa Halorhipis winstonii Haplogloia andersonii Hesperophycus californicus Hesperophycus harveyanus Laminaria dentigera Laminaria groenlandica Laminaria setchellii Laminaria sinclairii Laminaria spp. Leathesia difformis (A) Leathesia difformis (B) Leathesia nana Leathesia spp. Macrocystis integrifolia Macrocystis pyrifera Macrocystis spp. Nereocystis luetkeana Pelvetia compressa Pelvetia fastigiata Pelvetiopsis arborescens Pelvetiopsis limitata Petalonia fascia Petrospongium rugosum Phaeostrophion irregulare Postelsia palmaeformis

Nemertea Nemertea Nemertea Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta

Non-polychaete worms Non-polychaete worms Non-polychaete worms Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae

Pterygophora californica Pterygophora spp. Punctaria hesperia Ralfsia pacifica Ralfsia sp. Scytosiphon dotyi Scytosiphon lomentaria Scytosiphon sp. Alloioplana californica Eurylepa aurantiaca Holoplana californica Notoplana acticola Notoplana inquieta Notoplana rupicola Notoplana sexicola Notoplana sp. Polychoerus carmelensis UNID Platyhelminthes UNID Polyclade UNID Turbellaria Acarnus erithacus Acarnus sp. Adocia gellindra Adocia sp. Ananta spongigartina Antho lithophoenix Aplysilla glacialis Aplysilla polyraphis Axinellida sp. Axocielita originalis Carmia macginitiei Clathria sp. Cliona celata var. californiana Cliona lobata Esperiopsis orginalis Forcepia sp. Geodia mesotriaena Halichondria bowerbankia Halichondria panicea Halichondria spp. Haliclona sp. Haliclona sp. 1 Haliclona sp. 2 Haliclona sp. 3 Haliclona sp. 5 Haliclona sp. 6 Haliclona sp. A Halisarca sp. Higginsia sp. Hymedesmia sp. Hymedesmia sp. A Hymedesmia sp. B Hymenamphiastra cyanocrypta Hymendectyon lyoni Hymeniacidon spp. Hymeniacidon ungodon

Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Phaeophyta Platyhelminthes Platyhelminthes Platyhelminthes Platyhelminthes Platyhelminthes Platyhelminthes Platyhelminthes Platyhelminthes Platyhelminthes Platyhelminthes Platyhelminthes Platyhelminthes Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera

Green and Green and Green and Green and Green and Green and Green and Green and

Brown Algae Brown Algae Brown Algae Brown Algae Brown Algae Brown Algae Brown Algae Brown Algae

Non-polychaete worms Non-polychaete worms Non-polychaete worms Non-polychaete worms Non-polychaete worms Non-polychaete worms Non-polychaete worms Non-polychaete worms Non-polychaete worms Non-polychaete worms Non-polychaete worms Non-polychaete worms Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges

Isociona lithophoenix Leucandra heathi Leucilla nuttingi Leucosolenia eleanor Leucosolenia sp. Lissodendoryx firma Lissodendoryx noxiosa Lissodendoryx topsenti Microciona microjoanna Microciona parthena Mycale hispida Mycale macginitiei Mycale psila Myxilla agennes Myxilla parasitica Ophlitospongia pennata Pachychalina lunismilis Parasperella psila Plocamia karykina Plocamissa igzo Polymastia pachymastia Reniera sp A Scypha sp. Sigmadocia sp. Stelletta clarella Suberites sp. Tedanione sp. (near obscurata) Tethya aurantia Timea authea Toxadocia sp. UNID sponge 1 UNID sponge 2 UNID sponge 3 UNID sponge 4 UNID sponge A UNID sponge B UNID sponge C UNID sponge D UNID sponge E UNID sponge F UNID sponge G UNID sponge H UNID sponge I UNID sponge J UNID sponge K UNID sponge L UNID sponge M UNID sponge N UNID sponge P UNID sponge Q Xestospongia diprosopia Xestospongia vanilla Zygherpe hyaloderma Achrochaetium porphyrae Achrochaetium subimmersum Agardhiella spp. Agardhiella tenera

Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Porifera Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta

Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Sponges Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae

Ahnfeltia fastigiata Ahnfeltia gigartinoides Ahnfeltia plicata Ahnfeltia spp. Ahnfeltiopsis gigartinoides Ahnfeltiopsis leptophyllus Ahnfeltiopsis linearis Ahnfeltiopsis sp. Amplisiphonia pacifica Anisocladella pacifica Antithamnion balesiae Antithamnion sp. Bangia atropurpurea Bangia vermicularis Bornetia californica Bossiella californica Bossiella chiloensis Bossiella dichotoma Bossiella orbigniana Bossiella plumosa Bossiella sp. Botryocladia pseudodichotoma Botryoglossum spp. Calliarthron cheilosporioides Calliarthron sp. Calliarthron tuberculosum Callithamnion acutum Callithamnion pikeanum Callithamnion rupicola Callithamnion rupicolum Callithamnion sp. Callophyllis crenulata Callophyllis firma Callophyllis flabellulata Callophyllis pinnata Callophyllis sp. Callophyllis thompsonii Callophyllis violacea Centroceras clavulatum Ceramium eatonianum Ceramium gardneri Ceramium sp. Chondracanthus canaliculatus Chondracanthus corymbiferus Chondracanthus harveyanus Chondracanthus spinosus Chondria decipiens Chondria nidifica Chondria sp. Clathromorphum parcum Constantinea simplex Corallina chilensis Corallina officinalis Corallina sp. Corallina vancouveriensis Corallines (articulated) Corallines (crustose) Cryptonemia borealis

Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta

Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae

Cryptonemia obovata Cryptopleura brevis Cryptopleura corallinaria Cryptopleura corallinaria/lobulifera Cryptopleura crispa Cryptopleura farlowianum Cryptopleura lobulifera Cryptopleura ruprechtiania (A) Cryptopleura sp. Cryptopleura violacea Cryptosiphonia sp. Cryptosiphonia woodii Cumagloia andersonii Delesseria decipiens Dermatolithon sp. Dilsea californica Endocladia muricata Erythrocystis saccata Erythrophyllum delesserioides Erythrophyllum splendens Farlowia compressa Farlowia conferta Farlowia mollis Filamentous reds Gastroclonium coulteri Gastroclonium sp. Gastroclonium subarticulatum Gelidium arborescens Gelidium coulteri Gelidium purpurascens Gelidium pusillum Gelidium robustum Gelidium spp. Gigartina agardhii Gigartina boryi Gigartina californica Gigartina canaliculata Gigartina corymbifera Gigartina exasperata Gigartina harveyana Gigartina leptorhynchus Gigartina papillata Gigartina spinosa Gigartina spp. Gigartina volans Gloiosiphonia californica Gloiosiphonia capillaris Gloiosophonia verticillaris Gonimophyllum skottsbergii Gracilaria andersonii Gracilaria robusta Gracilaria sjoestedtii, Gracilariopsis sjoestedtii Gracilaria spp. Gracilaria veleroae Gracilaria verrucosa Gracilariophila oryzoides Gracilariopsis lemaneiformis Gracilariopsis sjoestedtii

Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta

Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae

Gracilariopsis sp Grateloupia setchelli Grateloupia spp. Griffithsia pacifica Gymnogongrus chiton Gymnogongrus leptophyllus Gymnogongrus linearis Gymnogongrus platyphyllus Gymnogongrus spp. Halosaccion americanum Halosaccion glandiforme Halymenia coccinea Halymenia schizymenioides Herposiphonia verticillata Hildenbrandia occidentalis Hollenbergia subulata Hymenena flabelligera Hymenena multiloba Hymenena sp. Hypnea spp. Iridaea cordata Iridaea cordata splendens Iridaea flaccida Iridaea flaccida Iridaea heterocarpa Iridaea lilacina Iridaea lineare Iridaea linearis Iridaea sanguinea Iridaea sanguineum Iridaea spp. Isabottia ovalifera Janczewskia gardneri Laurencia pacifica Laurencia spectabilis Laurencia splendens Laurencia spp Lithothamnion sp. Lomentaria hakodatensis Lophosiphonia villum Mastocarpus jardinii Mastocarpus papillatus Mastocarpus papillatus (crust) Mastocarpus spp. Mastocarpus/Chondracanthus spp. Mazzaella affinis Mazzaella californica Mazzaella heterocarpa Mazzaella leptorhyncha Mazzaella lilacina Mazzaella lilacina Mazzaella linearis Mazzaella rosea Mazzaella spp. Mazzaella volans Melobesia marginata Melobesia mediocris Melobesia spp.

Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta

Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae

Membranoptera multiramosa Membranoptera platyphylla Membranoptera tenuis Membranoptera weeksiae Microcladia borealis Microcladia californica Microcladia coulteri Microcladia spp. Nemalion helminthoides Neoagardhiella baileyi Neodilsea americana Neoptilota californica Neoptilota densa Neoptilota hypnoides Neoptilota/Ptilota spp. Neorhodomela larix Nienburgia andersoniana Norrissia setchelli Odonthalia floccosa Odonthalia sp. Opuntiella californica Osmundea spectabilis Osmundea spp. Ozophora clevelandii Petrocelis Petrocelis franciscana Petrocelis hoematis (crust) Petroglossum parvum Petroglossum sp. Peyssonellia pacifica Peyssonellia spp. Phycodrys setchellii Phycodrys sp. Pikea californica Pikea robusta Pikea spp. Platythamnion villosum Pleonosporium squarrulosum Plocamium cartilagineum Plocamium coccineum Plocamium spp. Plocamium violaceum Pogonophorella californica Polyneura latissima Polyporolithon conchatum Polysiphonia brodiaei Polysiphonia confusa Polysiphonia hendryi Polysiphonia indigena Polysiphonia nathanielii Polysiphonia pacifica Polysiphonia paniculata Polysiphonia scopulorum Polysiphonia scopulorum var. villum Polysiphonia sp. Porphyra gardneri Porphyra lanceolata Porphyra miniata

Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta

Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae

Porphyra occidentalis Porphyra perforata Porphyra pulchra Porphyra rosulata Porphyra smithii Porphyra spp. Porphyrella gardneri Prionitis angusta Prionitis australis Prionitis californica Prionitis cornea Prionitis cornea/filiformis/linearis Prionitis filiformis Prionitis lanceolata Prionitis linearis Prionitis lyallii Prionitis spp. Pseudolithophyllum neofarlowii Pterochondria woodii Pterocladia sp. Pterosiphonia baileyi Pterosiphonia bipinnata Pterosiphonia dendroidea Pterosiphonia pennata Pterosiphonia sp. Ptilota californica Ptilota densa Ptilota filicina Ptilota hypnoides Ptilota spp Ptilothamniopsis lejolisea Red algal crust Rhodochorton purpureum Rhodoglossum affine Rhodoglossum americanum Rhodoglossum californicum Rhodoglossum roseum Rhodoglossum spp. Rhodomela larix Rhodoptilum plumosum Rhodymenia californica Rhodymenia pacifica Rhodymenia spp. Sarcodiotheca gaudichaudii Schimmelmannia plumosa Schizymenia pacifica Serraticardia macmillani Smithora naiadum Stenogramma interrupta Tenaraea sp. Tenarea dispar Tiffaniella snyderae Titanoderma sp. UNID red alga 1 UNID red alga 2 Dendrostomum dyscritum Dendrostomum perimeces

Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Rhodophyta Sipuncula Sipuncula

Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Red Algae Non-polychaete worms Non-polychaete worms

Dendrostomum pyroides Phascolosoma agassizii Themiste dyscritum Themiste perimeces Themiste pyroides Themiste spp. Phyllospadix scouleri Phyllospadix sp. Phyllospadix torreyi

Sipuncula Sipuncula Sipuncula Sipuncula Sipuncula Sipuncula Tracheophyta Tracheophyta Tracheophyta

Non-polychaete worms Non-polychaete worms Non-polychaete worms Non-polychaete worms Non-polychaete worms Non-polychaete worms Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae Green and Brown Algae

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Pearse 24 yr spp list v3

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