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Anne Frank: Diary of a Young Girl

By Anne Frank

About the Book: This is a diary that was originally written in Dutch by a teenage girl, Anne Frank. It is her full account of her personal experience of hiding for two years with her family in an Amsterdam attic during the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands. What makes this historic piece of work so immeasurable is the fact that Anne and her family were eventually apprehended in 1944 by the Nazis and she ultimately died of typhus in a concentration camp. Anne's father retrieved this diary, which was eventually published and translated into many languages and read around the world. This story has become symbolic of the scale of the Nazi atrocities during the war. It remains a dire warning of the consequences of racism and persecution in general. The embracing of this book has also created the protection of the attic in the home where Anne and her family hid to become a international landmark/museum. If any book can show the power of the pen, this is one major contender. Set the Stage: Use the following to get the students ready to read: · Start a discussion by asking, "Who is Anne Frank? Why do you think so many of you know who she is?" · Discuss the situation of the times and why Anne and her family needed to go into hiding. Explain that many families, and not just Jewish families but any people who didn't fit the mold of Hitler's version of a perfect race, went into hiding. Anne kept a diary. She wrote in it with the hope that it would be published so the world could know what it was like to be her. She dreamed of being a famous journalist. In a sense, she became one of the world's most famous journalists even though she was unable to experience it. This is her personal account of hiding in an attic for more than two years while Nazi Germany hovered outside her door. Review: After reading the book, discuss the following: · What was Anne Frank's nationality? · Why do you think the title of the book is Anne Frank: The Diary of a Young Girl and not just The Diary of Anne Frank? · Whose attic does the family stay hidden in and for how long? · What was Anne's name for this "new home"? · When Anne wrote in her diary, what name did she call it? She wrote, "Dear" who? · How does her family get food and newspapers? · At one point, Anne decided to rewrite some of her earlier entries. What caused her to do this? · Who is Miep Gies? · Anne had to cope with the stress of confinement with other people. One of her conflicts was about the writing table she shared with Mr. Pfeffer. Why was this table so important to Anne? Do you think she handled the situation well? · How many people were in this hiding place with Anne and who were they? · How does Anne die? · Who (if anyone) from this group survived the Holocaust?

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Student Activity (found on the last page of this PDF): Students will write in diary form about an event or events occurring in their community that have an effect on their personal life. Related Activities: To extend students' enjoyment of the book, try these: · Word Power: Listed are 10 books that have changed the world. Have students research these books and write about: 4 When they were written and how they related to the times. 4 Their message and what effect it had on the world. (Note: Most writings were controversial during their time and the effects they had on society were not necessarily a good thing.) 1. Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe 2. Rights of Man by Thomas Paine 3. Origin of Species by Charles Darwin 4. The Interpretation of Dreams by Sigmund Freud 5. Principia by Isaac Newton 6. Silent Spring by Rachel Carson 7. Non-Violent Resistance by Mahatma Gandhi 8. Walden by Henry David Thoreau 9. Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave: Written by Himself by Frederick Douglass Bonus: Ask students, can you think of any other book that belongs on this list? Is there a book that highly influenced you personally? · A Nice Place to Visit: The home where Anne Frank and her family hid during the war has been preserved and is visited by people from all over the world. Have students write about this important landmark and include facts that would be informative to someone who would want to visit. Ask them to tell about what has been added to the home in terms of educating the world on matters of human rights and tolerance. · A Matter of Time Line: With students, create a time line of events in Germany and Europe beginning with January, 1923: The National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi Party) holds their first rally in Munich. Block out the time that Anne writes in her diary. · Badges of Courage: Ask students to list the groups of people that the Nazis considered impure or unhealthy. Jews had to wear yellow six-pointed stars. In the Netherlands, the word Jood (Dutch for Jew) was added to the star. What were some of the other badges that various targeted groups had to wear? · A Friend in Need: Anne and her family would not have been able to hide without the help of others. Many non-Jewish citizens risked their lives to protect their friends. Have students either research and write about the many who helped their fellow citizens or write a report on one of the following people: 1. Corrie ten Boom 2. Oskar Schindler 3. Andre Trocme 4. Henriette (Hetty) Voute 5. Kees Veenstra

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© 2010 Scholastic Inc. 8476

Name

Recording History: A Personal Account

Based on Anne Frank: The Diary of a Young Girl by Anne Frank

Journals and diaries are some of the most valuable pieces of historical significance. First-hand accounts of anything from everyday life to explorations to major catastrophes give insight to the human spirit. Historians consider them pure gold when studying an era or event. Pieced together, they create a window of the past that is clearer than any other view. Directions: Look around your community. Check out the local papers. Is there an event or situation occurring in your town that possibly has an effect on you? Is it something that you can get involved in? Is it something that you can keep a close eye on? If so, write about it in a journalistic/diary form, giving your personal opinion on what is happening and how it is affecting you. On separate sheets of paper, record your entries for at least one week or longer if needed. Alternative 1: Write about a major historic event that occurred in your lifetime. Describe what you remember and how you felt at the time. Alternative 2: Go exploring. Write about an area in your community, whether it is a park or an urban setting. Give your description of what you are witnessing and tell how you feel about what you view. Alternative 3: Read another diary/journal story. Examples are Go Ask Alice and The Journals of Lewis and Clark ... but only read Diary of a Wimpy Kid for fun and not this assignment!

Permission to reproduce this curriculum connection is fully granted by Scholastic Book Fairs.

© 2010 Scholastic Inc. 8476

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