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misi yovladuwmidesobis, msoflio patriarqis barTolomeos I sityva, warmoTqmuli misTvis saqarTvelos mecnierebaTa erovnuli akademiis sapatio akademikosis wodebis miniWebis ceremonialze

moswavle-axalgazrdobis sasaxle, Tbilisi, 2007 wlis 16 oqtomberi.

didi sixaruliTa da mRelvarebiT vimyofebiT TqvenTan erTad. Cveni arCeva saqarTvelos mecnierebaTa akademis wevrad did pativad migvaCnia. am sapatio titulis moniWebiT Tqven pativs miagebT qristesmier deda-eklesias. madlobas mogaxsenebT am k e T i lS o b i l u r i J e s t i s a T v i s ; a m t i t u l s m s o f l i o sapatriarqosadmi qarTveli xalxis pativiscemis, siyvarulisa da erTgulebis gulwrfeli grZnobebis gamoxatulebad aRviqvamT. gansakuTrebiT did madlobas movaxsenebT akademiis prezidents baton Tamaz gamyreliZes. am ramdenime wlis win Cvens mier ganxorcielebuli vizitisas Tbilisis saxelmwifo universitetSi SevxvdiT Cven erTmaneTs. asec rom ar momxdariyo, misi saxeli CvenTvis mainc cnobili iqneboda, radgan mas saerTaSoriso aRiareba aqvs mopovebuli enaTmecnierebis dargSi miRweuli warmatebebis gamo; igi saqveynod cnobili ara erTi saerTaSoriso samecniero akademiis wevria. moxaruli varT, rom vimyofebiT akademiaSi, romelsac amSveneben nebismieri samecniero dargis uSesaniSnavesi warmomadgenlebi, romlebmac sabWoTa kavSiris periodSi masStaburi wvlili Seitanes nebismieri dargis ganviTarebaSi da saerTaSoriso aRiarebasac miaRwies rogorc teqnikuri, aseve humanitaruli mecnierebis dargebSi. Cven SegviZlia CamovTvaloT humanitaruli mecnierebis saqveynod cnobili qarTuli gvarebi, esenia: akaki SaniZe da korneli kekeliZe, romelTac didi wvlili Seitanes qarTuli paleografiis da liturgikuli wignebis SeswavlaSi; cnobili aRmosavleTmcodne giorgi wereTeli, cnobili semitologi konstantine wereTeli, arqeologi oTar lorTqifaniZe; didi maTematikosebi teqnikuri mecnierebidan _ nikoloz musxeliSvili da ilia vekua, cnobili geologi aleqsandre janeliZe, cnobili fiziologi ivane beritaSvili, cnobili fsiqologi dimitri uznaZe, cnobili astrofizikosi evgeni xaraZe da sxvani. gansakuTrebiT gvinda movixsenioT grigol wereTeli, berZnuli paleografiisa da papirologiis uSesaniSnavesi warmomadgeneli, romelmac Tbilisis saxelmwifo universitetSi klasikuri filologiis dargi daafuZna. mis wigns berZnuli paleografiis Sesaxeb jerac ar daukargavs Tavisi Rirebuleba da samagido wignia am dargSi momuSaveTaTvis; am dargis profesorebi mTels msoflioSi axlac am wigniT xelmZRvaneloben TavianT mowafeebTan muSaobisas am urTulesi sagnis safuZvlebis swavlebis dros.

aseTi didi da SesaniSnavi tradiciis mqone akademia dResac agrZelebs Tavis moRvaweobas. es kargad Cans am ukanasknel wlebSi Catarebuli arqeologiuri gaTxrebis Sedegad gamovlenili masaliT, romelmac mTeli msoflio samecniero sazogadoebis yuradReba miipyro. arqeologiis dargSi didi warmatebis nimuSad dmanisis aRmoCenebs davasaxelebT; iq aRmoCenili Tavis qalebi, mecnierTa azriT, metad mniSvnelovan monapovars warmoadgens kacobriobisaTvis; isini Turme `pirveli evropelebi~ yofilan. miuxedavad im problemebisa, romlebic sabWoTa kavSiris daSlis Semdeg, am bolo 16 weliwadSi, am SesaniSnavma marTlmadidebelma qveyanam gadaitana, qarTvel mecnierebs erTi wuTiTac ar SeuCerebiaT TavianTi kvleva-Zieba da im saqmis erTgulni darCnen, romlisTvisac mowodebulni arian. Tavs valdebulad vTvliT, mogmarToT Tqven, Zvirfaso mecnierebo, da oriode sityviT Sevexo marTlmadideblobisa da mecnierebis urTierTobas dRevandel pirobebSi. Zalian xSirad gvesmis ama Tu im wreSi, gansakuTrebiT ki dasavleTis mecnierTa wreebSi, arakeTili damokidebuleba eklesiis mimarT: TiTqos eklesia damabrkolebeli organo iyos, romelic kacobriobis ganviTarebas xels uSlis, TiTqosda adamianebi unda aRvematebodeT mas; imisaTvis, rom Cvenc Tanamedrove adamianebad viqceT, Tanamedrove realobas unda avuwyoT fexi; amboben, TiTqos teqnologiis swrafma ganviTarebam religia gaauqma, rom saxareba adamianSi fanatizms badebso, rom dRevandeli kosmopoliti adamiani `unda idges religiaze, samSoblos sazRvrebze maRla~. modiT, erTad davfiqrdeT imaze, ramdenad Seesabameba zemoxsenebuli azri sinamdviles. marTla waSala eklesiis roli da mniSvneloba teqnologiurma progresma? am sakiTxs marTlmadidebeli eklesiis ori Tanamedrove mamis swavlebaze dayrdnobiT ganvixilavT. erTi maTgani aris aw wmindanad Seracxuli siluanos aToneli, romelmac 1938 wels miiZina, xolo meore _ misi mowafe da amave dros misi biografi netari sofroniosi, romelmac 1993 wels miiZina. `adami samoTxeSi RmrTis siyvaruliT iyo Semosili. magram Secodebis Semdeg, RmrTis siyvaruls moklebuli mwared moTqvamda da godebda. mTel udabnos esmoda misi oxvra. mxecebi da frinvelebi sevdam Seipyro. adami ki TavSi xels icemda imis gamo, rom misi Secodebis gamo yvelas moaklda mSvidoba da siyvaruli~. am STagonebuli sityvebiT Rirsi siluanosi aRwers adamis mier samoTxis dakargvas, kacobriobis istoriisaTvis am umniSvnelovanes faqts. manamde adamians aranairi problema ar gaaCnda dedamiwaze, `samoTxeSi bednierad grZnobda Tavs. suli RmrTisa axarebda mas da Tavisufali iyo vnebaTagan. samoTxidan gaZevebis Semdeg ki mxecebi da Citebi, romelTac uyvardaT igi, dafrTxnen da ganeridnen; sicive da SimSili tanjavda mas, mze swvavda da

qari uwylulebda sxeuls, avadmyofoba da uZlureba moeria~, ­ wers igive wmindani. adamis dacemam adamians ubiZga imisken, rom RmrTis Semcvleli epovna, epovna is, rac sicarieles Seuvsebda. maSin adamianma Tavis gadasarCenad, RvTis madlis SemweobiT, teqnologiis ganviTarebasa da mecnierebas miaSura. mogvianebiT, JamTa svlasTan erTad, teqnologia sul ufro da ufro viTardeboda da ixveweboda; bevri ram dafaruli da ucnobi gamomzeurda da cnobili gaxda. adamiani Tavs SezRudulad grZnobs Tavisi planetis sazRvrebSi da survili uCndeba gamoikvlios samyaro, sxva planetebi. Tuki yuradRebiT davakvirdebiT kacobriobis istorias, mivxvdebiT, rom mecniereba, marTlmadidebeli eklesiis swavlebis mixedviT, dacemis periodis Semdeg Cndeba da mas ar SeuZlia Seuvsos adamians is sicariele, rasac grZnobs. ramdenma saukunemac ar unda Caiaros, mecniereba mainc ver gascems pasuxs yofierebis umTavres sakiTxebs, romlebic aSfoTeben adamians. aqedan gamomdinare ki mecnierebis progresi verasodes Secvlis religiasa da eklesias. ar unda agverios mecnierebisa da religiis sazRvrebi, iseve rogorc maTi miRwevebi. mecnierebis sazRvrebi sakmaod gafarToebulia religiuri mrwamsis sazRvrebTan SedarebiT, amasTanave is Cavlili da gacveTili samyaros CarCoebSia moqceuli. marTlmadidebel eklesias Tavis rigebSi dRes hyavs adamianebi, romlebsac sakmaod warmatebuli samecniero kariera gaaCniaT da, aqedan gamomdinare, ar SeiZleba maT CamorCenilebi, ukan msvlelebi vuwodoT. mama sofroniosis swavlebis Tanaxmad, Tuki sulieri adamiani mecnierebisken miapyrobs mzeras da xels mihyofs asketur cxovrebas, igi gamoaCens ufro met SesaZleblobebs mecnierebaSi, vidre is, romelic naklebad sulieria. sxva sityvebiT rom vTqvaT, sulieri adamiani ufro maRali da didi Rirebulebis sferoebSi moqmedebs, vidre mxolod logikisa da mecnieruli codnis sferoebia. aqedan gamomdinare, isini, vinc mxolod yofiT problemebs emsaxurebian, ufro dabal safexurze Camodian. saxareba gveubneba `Zeni amis soflisani ugonieres arian ufroÁs ZeTa naTlisaTa, naTesavTa Soris maTsa~ (luk. 16,8). axla ki magaliTad kvlav mama siluanosis gamonaTqvams moviyvanT. pirveli msoflio omis Semdeg (1914­1918) aTonis mTis tyis aTviseba Zraviani xerxiT daiwyes. ikonomosi, romelic aTonis mTis rusuli monastris beri iyo, aRtacebuli iyo axali teqnologiiT. radgan xerxi germanuli warmoebis iyo, dReniadag germanelebs aqebda da rusebs aginebda: `Cven rusebi arafris maqnisebi varTo~. wmida siluanosma upasuxa: `me vfiqrob, mizezi sxvaa da ara is, rom rusebi arafris maqnisebi arian. rusebisaTvis upirvelesi RmerTia, TavianT upirveles Zalas RmerTs uZRvnian da naklebad fiqroben amqveyniur problemebze. Tuki rusi xalxi mTel Tavis potencials miwier problemebs miuZRvnida da marto am sakiTxiT iqneboda dakavebuli, ueWvelad gauswrebdnen

germanelebs, radgan yofiTi problemebis mogvareba gacilebiT ufro advilia~. wmindanis es sityvebi namdvilad winaswarmetyveluri aRmoCnda, radgan sabWoTa kavSiris arsebobis pirobebSi, meore msoflio omis Semdeg, ruseTi zesaxelmwifod iqca, radganac aTeizmis gabatonebis pirobebSi, am qveynis liderebma TavianT programad teqnologiisa da mecnierebis ganviTareba daisaxes. maT arnaxul warmatebebs miaRwies am sferoSi. swored im programis farglebSi moxda saqarTvelos mecnierebaTa akademiis dafuZneba. igi 1941 wels daarsda. sabWoTa kavSiris pirobebSi saqarTvelos akademiis SemadgenlobaSi Sedioda uamravi instituti, samecniero kvleviTi centri, sakmaod mdidari biblioTeka da mniSvnelovani gamomcemlobac. yovelive zemoTqmuliT Cven sulac ar vgmobT teqnologiisa da mecnierebis ganviTarebas. didi Secdoma iqneba, Tuki vinme ifiqrebs, rom marTlmadidebeli eklesia ewinaaRmdegeba mecnierebas, magram valdebulni varT, rom yvelafers Tavisi adgili mivuCinoT da isic vaRiaroT, rom marTlmadidebeli eklesia dakavebulia im mecnierebiT, romelic yvela sxva mecnierebaze maRla dgas, da amitomac mas mecnierebaTa mecnierebas da xelovnebaTa xelovnebas uwodeben. marTlmadidebeli eklesiis es damokidebuleba sruliadac ar niSnavs mecnierebis ugulvebelyofas. piriqiT, eklesia yovelTvis TanamSromlobda mecnierebTan, cdilobda daxmareba gaewia mecnierebis ganviTarebisaTvis da misi miRwevebic gamoeyenebina. eklesiisa da mecnierebis TanamSromlobis araCveulebrivi magaliTis dasaxeleba Tqvenive realobidan SeiZleba. amis araCveulebrivi magaliTia `sinas mTaze wm. ekaterines monasterSi 1975 w. aRmoCenil qarTul xelnawerTa aRweriloba", romelic 2005 wels aTenSi gamoica. paleografiis SesaniSnavi specialistebi: SaniZe, aleqsiZe, qavTaria, xecuriani da mesxi mowmeni arian mecnierebisa da eklesiis mWidro TanamSromlobisa. eklesia aRiarebs, pativs scems da afasebs maT did Rvawls, vinaidan es monumenturi wigni maTi udidesi ZalisxmeviTa da Tavganwirvis fasad daiwera. am mecnierebma urTules pirobebSi imuSaves. maT ar hqondaT is pirobebi da SeRavaTebi, rac dasavleTis did mecnierebs gaaCniaT. miuxedavad imisa, rom maT normaluri saarsebo pirobebi ar hqondaT, mainc Tavdadebulad iSromes, raTa qarTveli xalxisTvis miewodebinaT uZvirfasesi masala maTi mravalsaukunovani istoriisa da maRali sulieri faseulobebis Sesaxeb. sulierebisa da mecnierebis harmoniuli Serwymis magaliTad SegviZlia davasaxeloT agreTve yirimis mTavarepiskoposi luka. misi wvlili samedicino dargSi aRiarebuli da dafasebuli aRmoCnda TviT aTeisturi saxelmwifos mier. wmida lukam, erTis mxriv, gamoiyena Tavisi mecnieruli niWi, xolo, meores mxriv, ganuwyveteli locvisa da adamianisadmi usazRvro siyvarulis wyalobiT namdvili saswaulebi moaxdina. man warmoudgeneli qirurgiuli operaciebi Caatara. amitomac mas RmerTma gankurnebis

madli misca da dResac, sikvdilis Semdeg, igi saswaulebs axdens. isic unda aRvniSnoT, rom arc mecniereba ewinaaRmdegeba Cveni eklesiis moZRvrebas _ mecnieruli kvleva ver SeZlebs Cveni marTlmadidebeli deda-eklesiis rwmenis, wmida werilis gauqmebas. is winaaRmdegobebi, romelTa Sesaxebac xSirad saubroben orTodoqsi mecnierebi, samyaros Sesaxeb ukve ganvlil da nakleb codnas moicavs, rasac miviwyebul da naklul mtkicebulebebad miviCnevT. miuxedavad mecnierebis udidesi miRwevebisa, Cveni codna mainc umniSvneloa samyaros ganzomilebebTan SedarebiT. WeSmaritad didi da gulwrfeli mecnierebi, mravalwliani da dauRalavi kvlevis Semdeg, aRiareben sakuTar uZlurebas; adamians rom SesZleboda srulyofili codna hqonoda saganTa da movlenaTa Sesaxeb, mixvdeboda, rom arsebiTad arc aris winaaRmdegoba mecnierebasa da religias Soris, mecnierebasa da biblias Soris. amis magaliTad saqarTvelos mecnierebaTa akademiis prezidentis, cnobili enaTmecnieris baton Tamaz gamyreliZis gamokvlevebs davasaxelebdiT. misma Teoriam indoevropelebisa da indoevropuli enis Sesaxeb, romelic rus mecnierTan, profesor ivanovTan TanamSromlobiT Camoayaliba, axali ganzomilebebi misca indoevropelTa warmomavlobis sakiTxs, romelTaganac momdinareobs Tanamedrove evropel xalxTa umetesoba. cxadia, yvela sakiTxze ver gavamaxvilebT yuradRebas, magram aRvniSnavT, rom indoevropelTa pirvelsacxovrisis maT mier dadgenili sazRvrebi kavkasiis samxreTiT da mesopotamiis CrdiloeTiT, savsebiT eTanxmeba bibliis genealogias, romlis Tanaxmadac iafeti, anu indoevropelTa mama, berZnuli miTologiis mixedviT iafetosi, noes Ze iyo, romelmac, rogorc cnobilia, kidobanis meSveobiT miaRwia kavkasiis samxreTiT da mesopotamiis CrdiloeTiT mdebare araratis mTas (dab. 8,4). am regionidan, sadac akurTxa RmerTma is da Zeni misni, romelTac `ganiyvnes Walakni warmarTTani qvuyanasa maTsa, TÁTeulni, enad-enad tomTa Sina maTTa da naTesavTa Sina maTTa~ (dab. 10,5). anu jer kidev ar iyo dawyebuli enebis dayofa. eklesias miznad ara aqvs dasaxuli adamianebs aswavlos, rogor Seicnon gonebisa da logikis meSveobiT samyaro, misi Seqmna da ganviTareba, ise rogorc amas mecniereba cdilobs. amitomac igi ar aris dakavebuli mecnieruli problemebiT, arc mecnieruli kvlevis Sedegebs aqcevs dogmebad da arc mecnieruli kvlevis Sedegebis eSinia. eklesias ar aviwydeba, rom es Sedegebi mis sferos ar warmoadgens; ramdenjerac daiviwya eklesiam Tavisi funqcia, rogorc es araerTg zis momxdara dasavleTis eklesiaSi, da Seecada Careuliyo mecnierul problemebSi, seriozul winaaRmdegobebs waawyda da istoriuli Secdomebic Caidina _ amis magaliTia swored inkvizicia.

Tuki, magaliTad, romelime samecniero dargs aviRebT, davuSvaT, _ enaTmecnierebas, davinaxavT, rom igi Sedarebis meTodis gamoyenebiT Tavdapirveli enis aRdgenas cdilobs da midis indoevropul enasTan, anu enasTan, romelzec pirveli indoevropelebi saubrobdnen. eklesiis saqme aris ara pirveladi enis aRdgena, aramed adamianis modgmis gaTiSulobis problema; swored ampartavnobiT gamowveulma gaTiSulobam moitana kidevac enebis dayofa; maTi aRdgena moxda sulTmofenobisas, suliwmidis gardamosvlis Sedegad, rogorc amas dResaswaulis kondaki gvauwyebs. msgavsi g ziT, mecniereba dRes adamianisagan bevri ucxo enis codnas moiTxovs, raTa Seiswavlos ama Tu im eris miRwevebi da am g ziT aiTvisos dagrovili codna. magram RmerTi pavle mociqulis piriT adamianisagan mxolod erTi enis codnas moiTxovs _ am enas siyvaruli ewodeba. `enasaRa Tu kacTasa da angelozTasa vityode, xolo siyuaruli ara maqUndes viqmen me, viTarca rvali, romeli oxrin, gina winwili, romeli hÁmobdeT~ (I kor.13,1). asketi mamebi gveubnebian: `momaval saukuneTa ena dumilia~. rogorc vxedavT, eklesia ufro martivad azrovnebs, magram ufro did siRrmeebs wvdeba. imaves gulisxmobda aToneli beri mama paisi, rodesac am aTiode wlis win erT gamoCenil amerikel mecniers mimarTa SekiTxviT: `ras miaRwieT Tqven?"; mecnierma upasuxa: `mTvareze avediT, kosmosSi gavediT~. `ra dagijdaT?~ ­ hkiTxa kvlav mama paisim. `uTvalavi raodenobis fuli, milionobiT dolari~ ­ iyo amerikelis pasuxi. mama paisim ki dialogi ase daamTavra: `Cven, marTlmadideblebi, mxolod gamxmari puris natexiT RmerTTan avdivarT~. ase aswavla amerikel mecniers adamianis WeSmariti daniSnuleba. amitom yovelTvis unda ganvasxvaoT mecnierebisa da religiis roli da daniSnuleba. marTlmadidebeli tradiciis Tanaxmad, RmerTis srulyofili codna azrovnebiT ar miiRweva. wmida siluanem ucdomeli kriteriumi dagvitova gamosacnobad WeSmaritad sulieri adamianisa, WeSmariti mecnierisa, romelmac srulyofil codnas miaRwia. igi wers: `raoden brZenic ar unda iyos adamiani, rogori mecnieric ar unda iyos igi, rogori mSvenieric ar unda iyos, Tuki mas Tavisi mteri ar uyvars, an nebismieri adamiani, mas RmerTi ver Seucnia; da piriqiT, Tundac ubralo, Raribi, uvici iyos adamiani, magram gulSi siyvaruli aqvs `igi RmerTSia, da masSi aris RmerTi~. is, visac aseTi siyvaruli SeuZlia, igi maradiuli cxovrebis Tanaziaria da amis dasturi mis gulSi arsebobs. igi suliwmidis WurWelsa da sadgoms warmoadgens da suliwmidis meoxebiT Seicnobs mamasa da Zes. yoveldRiuri cxovrebis wesiT xdeba Zma da megobari qristesi. mecniereba da filosofia, mama sofronis Tanaxmad, Tavis Tavs aseT SekiTxvas usvams: `ra aris WeSmariteba?~ namdvili qristianuli sindisi ki WeSmaritebisken imzireba da misi SekiTxva aseTia: `vin aris WeSmariteba?~ mecnierebis warmomadgenlebi, romlebic brals sdeben eklesias imaSi, rom igi damabrkolebelia,

qristianebs niadaggamoclil meocnebeebad miiCneven, xolo TavianTi Tavi myar safuZvelze mdgomi hgoniaT, imas ki ver xvdebian, rom, absoluturi WeSmariteba mxolod erTaderTia: `vin~ da araviTar SemTxvevaSi `ra~. radgan WeSmariteba ar aris Teoriuli saxis, arc abstraqtuli idea, aramed TviT cxovrebaa. aki gviTxra uzenaesma: `me var WeSmariteba da cxovreba~. qristianoba arc `filosofosoba da arc moZRvreba ar aris, igi cxovrebis wesia. logikiT moxibluli kacobrioba dabanguli cxovrobs ­ ambobs siluane. ara mxolod teqnikuri dargis mecnierebi da filosofosebi usvamen TavianT Tavs SekiTxvas: `ra aris WeSmariteba?~, aramed TviT religiurad mcxovreb adamianebSic SeimCneva msgavsi cduneba: ase, magaliTad, rodesac religiurad moazrovne goneba cdilobs gaigos WeSmariteba RvTisa da misi Zalis Sesaxeb, imave Secdomas uSvebs, rasac mecniereba Tavisi mizez-Sedegobrivi dasabamiT da filosofia Tavisi racionalizmiT, anu mcdelobiT _ WeSmaritebas Cawvdes kiTxviT: `ra~. WeSmariteba ki logikis meSveobiT ar Seicnoba. RmerTi, romelic aris _ `vin~, mxolod yofierebaSi Seicnoba, anu _ suliwmidiseuli gamocxadebiT. namdvili codna, saboloo jamSi, romelime saganze dakvirvebis Sedegs ar warmoadgens; igi cocxal RmerTTan `pirispir" urTierTobis Sedegia. RmerTis marTlmadidebluri gaazreba sikeTis, siyvarulisa da sxva grZnobaTa abstraqtuli Teoria ar aris. avTenturi sulieri cxovreba fantaziisagan gansxvavebulia da RvTis sulSi damkvidrebiT xdeba, _ rodesac sulma aRiqva `igi~ da ganicada ontologiurad, rom `mas~ uyvars, aris keTili, didebuli, maradiuli. kidev erTxel did madlobas mogaxsenebT yvelas moniWebuli pativisaTvis, romelic aris dasturi Tqveni siyvarulisa; Tqveni q v e y n i s s u l i e r i a d a m i a n e b i ga m s W v a l u l n i a r i a n marTlmadidebluri azrovnebiT da mWidro kavSiri aqvT qristianul marTlmadideblur moZRvrebasTan... sarwmunoebas Rrmad aqvs fesvebi gamdgari qarTveli xalxis yofaSi. mTeli guliT gisurvebT, rom RmerTma dalocos saqmeni Tqvenni, xolo Tqvenma xelisuflebam yoveli Rone ixmaros am saqmianobis xelSesawyobad, vinaidan kargad organizebuli da ganviTarebuli mecnierebaTa akademia xels Seuwyobs mTeli qveynis winsvlasa da ganviTarebas. eklesia, Tavisi gamorCeuli meTauris, Cveni sayvareli Zmis, sruliad saqarTvelos kaTolikospatriarqis, meufe ilias meSveobiT, romelsac Tqven ase Zalian uyvarxarT da romelic esoden uwyobs xels Tqvens saqmianobas, gansakuTrebiT ki saeklesio xelovnebis dargSi. mwams, rom igi mudam Tqvens gverdiT iqneba da ilocebs Tqveni Sromis winsvlisa da dafasebisaTvis. madli da wyaloba uflisa Cvenisa iyos Tqven yovelTa Tana. amin.

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