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The Scottish Connection

Newsletter of the Scottish Heritage Society of North Central West Virginia




West Virginia has an official tartan. Well ­ almost. As far as the state is concerned, it became official when House Concurrent Resolution No. 29 was introduced at the recent winter session of the Legislature by Delegates Fragale, Cann, Iaquinta and Miley. It lacks only the approval of The Court of the Lord Lyon - the official heraldry office for Scotland to become an officially recognized Scottish tartan. The resolution reads as follows:

"Whereas, Several states have recognized their Celtic links, by establishing official state tartans; and Whereas, A majority of West Virginia's early settlers were descendants of Celtic people, who came from their native lands, to find freedom and adventure in the new world; and Whereas, These settlers were the pioneers who helped carve this nation out of the wilderness; and Whereas, Dr. Philip D. Smith, who is not only an accomplished author, professor and recognized world authority on Celtic history and tartan discovered an unknown shawl at the Barboursville "Daughters of the American Revolution Museum"; and Whereas, He named this shawl in his book entitled "Book of Tartans" as the West Virginia Shawl; and Whereas, The adaptation of the "West Virginia Shawl" includes the colors which most fully represent our state's history, culture and beauty; and Whereas, The Official West Virgina State Tartan shall be a symmetrical design starting at the dark yellow pivot point and containing the thread count as follows: Dark yellow 4, forest green 4, muted blue 8, forest green 4, azure 6, scarlet 24, white 1, black 6, scarlet 24, forest green 8, scarlet 8, muted blue 8, forest green 4, dark yellow 4; and Whereas, In order to complement our mountain state the color red is to represent the cardinal; yellow for the fall colors; dark blue for the mountain rivers and lakes; black for the black bear, coal and oil; green for the rhododendron and mountain meadows; azure for the sky above; and white to have all the colors of this great nation intertwined with the State of West Virginia; therefore, be it That the adaption, as described above, of the "West Virgina Shawl" be designated the Official Tartan of the State of West Virginia; and, be it Further Resolved, That the Clerk of the House of Delegates forward a certified copy of this resolution to Dr. Philip D. Smith, J. Kevin Grant, Ronald E. Grant and John A. Grant III. "

The tartan will be introduced by Clan Grant and several of the legislators responsible for the passage of the resolution during the noon opening ceremonies at the upcoming Festival on May 3rd. The 3 x 5 tartan banner will be on display during the day at the Clan Grant booth. How did this all come about? Read the article by John Grant on page 3 of this issue detailing Clan Grant's work on this project from conception of the idea to it's fruition. The Festival is proud to be a part of this significant event.

A'Bheil Gàidhlig Agad? (Do You Speak Gaelic?)

by Deb Woods


Resolved by the Legislature of West Virginia: 1

Do you "have the Gaelic," or would you like to? Then come to the Gaelic Workshop that will be presented by Deborah Woods, a newcomer to the language, at the seventh annual festival this year. Deb learned her first Gaelic words when she attended a workshop given by Dr. Jaime MacDonald at the Grandfather Mountain Highland Games in July of 2003. Her interest in learning the language was piqued again when she Deb Woods connected with Dr. MacDonald and his Gaelic workshop at our own Scottish Festival and Celtic Gathering in Bridgeport last year. She purchased Dr. MacDonald's Gaelic Lessons, Làn Gàidhlig (Full of Gaelic), and has been teaching herself the language and songs from his book since then. She taught herself two of the three songs on his accompanying CD and sang them at our Burns Supper in January. She is currently working at learning a Puirt-a-Beul (mouth music) Medley she hopes to be ready to share at the festival cèilidh. "I am by no means an expert in Gaelic, but I have a strong desire to learn it. When I heard Dr. MacDonald would not be able to attend this year due to a previous engagement that will take him to Scotland, I was disappointed. But Ann Watson asked if I would be willing to take the information I had gathered


concontinued on page 4

Seventh Annual Scottish Festival and Celtic Gathering Schedule of Events

7:30 PM 8:00 AM 8:30 AM 9:00 AM 9 AM-11:30 AM 9:30 AM Friday, May 2 Ceilidh at Via Veneto - cash bar. Reservations required. At Bridgeport City Park Saturday, May 3 Registration for piping, drumming and athletic events begins World Championship and Amateur Heavy Athletics competitions begin on the Main Field Solo piping competition begins in piping areas A, B, C and D Drumming competition begins on main field Children's Games - Main Field Puppet Show WV HIGHLAND DANCERS - Main Stage Bodhran workshop - Barbara Ryan - Activities Tent Registration begins for Primary, Beginner and Novice Dancing Scottish Breed Dog, Shetland Ponies, Clydesdale and Irish Stallion, Spinning/Weaving/Shetland Sheep, Highland Cattle (Heilan' Coo) Exhibits Celtic Harper Lynn Barnes - Activities Field Fiddler Betty Perry - Clan Area Campbell's Light Infantry Co. of the 42nd Royal Highland Regiment Exhibition - Activities Field TULLAMORE - Main Stage Herding Demonstration - Dave Jenkins' Border Collies - Main Field Primary, Beginner and Novice Dancing Competition begins Celtic Harp Workshop - Lynne Barnes - Activities Field HUNTING MCLEOD - Main Stage Scottish Country Dancers - Activity Field FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH HANDBELL RINGERS - Activities Tent Living History - Flora MacDonald - Activities Field Puppet Show IONA - Main Stage OPENING CEREMONIES with Massed Bands, Parade of Athletes,Clans, Handbell Ringers and Scottish Breed Dogs at Main Field ED MILLER - Main Stage Drumming workshop - Band Field Registration begins for Intermediate and Premier Dancing Kanawha Valley Pipes and Drums Walkaround Living History - Activities Field Puppet Show Celtic Flame Pipe Band Walkaround Intermediate and Premier Dancing Competition begins FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH HANDBELL RINGERS - Activities Tent TULLAMORE - Main Stage Herding Demonstration - Dave Jenkins' Border Collies - Main Field Ladies' Haggis Hurl Contest - Clan Area Garrett Highlands Pipes and Drums Walkaround Agility Demonstration - Scottish Breed Dog Exhibit Children's Celtic Crafts Workshop - Puppet show area IONA ­ Main Stage Living History - Activities Field Seton Hill University Pipe Band Walkaround Scottish Country Dancing workshop - Activities Field Steel Thistle Pipe Band Walkaround Children's Games & Tug O'War - Main Field ED MILLER - Main Stage Pennywhistle Workshop - Bernard Argent - Activities Tent Bonnie Knees Contest - Clan Area Agility Demonstration - Scottish Breed Dog Exhibit Scottish Country Dancers - Activity Field Macdonald Pipe Band Walkaround Herding Demonstration - Dave Jenkins' Border Collies - Main Field ALASDAIR GILLIES - Main Stage Gaelic Sing-along - Deb Woods - Activities Tent Pipes and Drums of St. Andrew Walkaround Scottish Breed Dogs Costume/Stupid Dog Tricks Contests Best Decorated Clan Tent Judging Balmoral Highlanders Pipe Band Walkaround HUNTING MCLEOD - Main Stage Awards Presentation, Final massed bands performance - Main Field At the Bridgeport High School Auditorium THE BEST OF SCOTLAND IN CONCERT -- Tullamore, Alasdair Gillies, IONA, Hunting McLeod with Host Ed Miller In Clarksburg on Sunday, May 4 Grand procession of flags, banners, dignitaries and bagpipes from Harrison County Court House Plaza to the sanctuary of First Presbyterian Church Scottish Heritage and Kirkin' of the Tartans Service Reception in Westminster Hall

9:45 AM 10 AM - 5 PM -

10:00 AM 10:30 AM 10:45 AM 11:00 AM

11:15 AM 12 Noon 12:30 PM -

12:45 PM 1:00 PM -

1:15 PM1:30 PM -

2:00 PM -

2:30 PM 2:45 PM 3:00 PM -

3:15 PM 3:30 PM -

4:00 PM 4:15 PM 5:00 PM 8:00 PM 10:35 AM 10:45 AM 11:45 AM -



For the past decade or so, we have traveled to Scottish and Irish Celtic Festivals across this great country and have observed that many of our States have a "State Tartan" to honor their early Celtic Pioneers: Ohio, Maryland, Virginia, Pennsylvania, the Carolinas, Massachusetts, Georgia, Utah, Texas, Colorado, to mention just a few. However, during our travels, we have not discovered a State Tartan for West Virginia. Recalling our West Virginia History, many of the early pioneers, that carved the western part of Virginia out of the wilderness, were of Celtic origin. Famous Indian fighters, Thomas and Edward Cunningham lived along the Bigamon Creek in the area now known as Shinnston. Thirty-seven of West Virginia's counties, numerous cities, streets, etc. can identify with a Celtic surname. Our mountain folk music, instruments and country dancing have Scottish, Welsh and Irish origins. If you should ever travel to the Scottish Highlands, enjoy the scenery and mingle with the local residents there, it does not take long before you realize the kinship you share. It was during the Stone Mountain Games in Georgia, at our Clan Grant AGM in October of 2005, that we began the endeavor to create a West Virginia Tartan. We were having a conversation with our Clan Secretary, Dr. Phillip D. Smith, about State Tartans and of our desire to see our native state, West Virginia, have one of its own. Dr. Smith, a renowned author, professor and member of the Scottish Tartan Authority-USA and the Tartan Educational and Cultural Association suggested that we design one. He further recommended that we adapt a pattern from the "West Virginia Shawl". Dr. Smith discovered the "Shawl" some time ago, while attending a wedding in West Virginia. The shawl is currently on display at the Daughters of the American Revolution Museum in Barboursville. He immediately recognized its Celtic origins and noted its similarity to a tartan. This cloth did not have a family or district designation. He recorded his discovery and with some modification published it in his book "Tartans" as the "West Virginia Shawl" Tartan is now defined by its thread count. Not wanting to duplicate the Shawl as such, we used it as an underlying theme for our design. Relying on Dr. Smith's expertise, we assisted him in creating a new State tartan. Utilizing the Shawl's pattern, we increased the thread count and incorporated the beautiful colors of our native state into the design. Red for our state bird, the cardinal, black for our state animal, the black bear, green for our state flower, the rhododendron, yellow for the autumn color of our state tree, the sugar maple, blue for the mountain lakes and rivers and a ribbon of white to embrace the colors of our nation. In late 2006 and early 2007, after failing to gain support at the federal level, a government employee advised us to pursue our cause at the state level, as it was not a federal issue. Not current residents, we were unaware of whom to contact in the area. We were about to give it all up in late fall of 2007. Then, in a general telephone conversation, the Tartan subject came up with our mother. She suggested that we present our case to a local state dlelgate, Ron Fragale. Not living in West Virginia, we passed the baton on to our brothers, Ron and Kevin. In January of 2008, Kevin contacted Delegate Fragale and asked him if he and other representatives would sponsor our endeavor. Without any hesitation, Delegate Fragale requested the supporting documentation and "took up the cause". In a matter of days, Delegates Fragale, Cann, Iaquinta, and Miley produced House Concurrent Resolution #29. The resolution was introduced in the house on 2-04-08; adopted and sent to the Senate on 2-08-08; on to Senators Minard, Sharpe, and the State Senate for final adoption. With Ron and Kevin's persistence and tireless effort, the Senate finally adopted HCR #29 on March 6, 2008. West Virginia now has its own State Tartan, an adaptation of the West Virginia Shawl. It is your Tartan, our Tartan, and any native West Virginian's Tartan to display. We are extremely proud and excited to have been a part of it. Special thanks to our family who put up with us during this lengthy process and Dr. Smith for his weaving expertise, knowledge, and friendship. In additon, most of all, thanks to your local representatives, without whose support, there would not be an official West Virginia State Tartan. John & Helen Grant, Mansfield, Texas


Members are encouraged to attend the Society's Annual Meeting, which will be held at 7 PM on Sunday, May 18th in the McClelland Room of First Presbyterian Church, 175 Main Street, Clarksburg. A slate of nominees for 2008-9 offices will be presented by Nominating Committee Chair, Larry Woods. As part of the election process, additional nominations may be made from the floor. Reports of last year's activities will be heard and the groundwork will be laid for next year's activities. There will be a time for the discussion of both old and new business, so take the time to come and be heard on any issues facing the Society.


Thanks to the Baileys, the Leenders, Deb Sambol and the Watsons, we will have our special SCONE MIX for sale at the upcoming festival. It's only $5. so be sure to take some home!

April 27, 2008 - Festival Committee Meeting - 7 PM, First Presbyterian Church Parlor May 2-4, 2008- Seventh Annual Scottish Festival & Celtic Gathering May 18, 2008 - Annual Membership meeting, 7 PM, McClelland Room, First Presbyterian Church 3

By Rev. Dr.

by Rev. Dr. Graham Hardy who was guest preacher for the Kirkin' of the Tartans service at the St. Simons' Island (GA) Presbyterian Church

"W ha's Like Us?" "Wha' ha's

The average Englishman, in the home he calls his "castle" slips into his national costume: a shabby raincoat, patented by chemist Charles Macintosh from Glasgow, Scotland. En route to his office he strides along the English road surfaced by John MacAdam of Ayr, Scotland. He drives an English car fitted with tires invented by John Boyd Dunlop of Dreghorn, Scotland, and during the business day, he uses the telephone conveniently invented by a fellow born in Edinburgh: Alexander Graham Bell. When this average Englishman goes home, he watches his daughter pedal her bicycle, invented by Kirkpatrick MacMillan, blacksmith of Dumfries, Scotland. He gets the evening news from his TV - an invention of John Lodgie Baird of Helensburg, Scotland, and hears a news-story about the U.S. Navy which was founded by John Paul Jones of Kirkbean, Scotland. He has now been reminded too much of Scotland! So, in desperation, he picks up his Bible only to find that the first person mentioned there happens to be a Scot - King James VI, who authorized its translation. Nowhere can this average Englishman escape the ingenuity of the Scots! He could take a rifle and end it all, but the breech-loading rifle was invented by Capt. Patrick Ferguson of Pitfours, Scotland. And, if he escaped death, he could find himself on an operating table, injected with penicillin, discovered by Alexander Fleming of Darvel, Scotland, or given an anaesthetic discovered by Sir James Young Simpson of Bathgate. In the recovery room he would find no comfort in learning that he was as safe as the Bank of England, founded by William Patterson of Dumfries. Perhaps his only remaining hope would be to get a transfusion of guid Scottish blood which entitles him to ask, "Wha's like us?"

Takin' it to the Streets

by Deb Woods

You may not realize it, but some of our members have been taking their talents and ancestry to our community. Bill MacLean taught a genealogy class called Back to Your Roots for the Community Education Division of Pierpont Community & Technical College in Fairmont this spring. Open to anyone who wanted to search their roots, several of the class members were of Scots or Scots-Irish background. Their response has been very enthusiastic and most in the class have expressed an interest in attending the festival and joining our Society. For the past two years, Jim and Deb Woods have done presentations on the Scottish culture for the after-school program at the United Methodist Church in Bridgeport, WV. Attended by more than 70 children, last year they taught on the origin of tartan cloth and the development of the kilt. This year they shared several of Scotland's symbols with the children such as the origin of the thistle as the national symbol of all things Scottish and the creation of the Scottish flags. The Life Long Learners of Fairmont also invited Deb to teach a class on Scottish culture for their spring semester of classes. On March 27th, with the assistance of Jim, she shared with over 50 attendees the history of Scotland and the immigration of the Scots and Scots-Irish to America. Again, there were several in the audience who claimed Scottish or Irish ancestry. They definitely wanted to know more and invited them to teach again in their fall semester.

Gaelic speakers, mostly in the Outer Hebrides, the Central belt, and northern Highlands. However, with the renewed interest in learning the language, this number is sure to climb, in Scotland as well as around the world. So, if you like to have fun, to sing, to learn, then make it a point to participate in the Gaelic Workshopat this year's festival. You'll go home able to speak a few Gaelic phrases that will impress your friends and maybe ignite in you a desire to learn more of this ancient language.

e GAELIGAELIC continued from page 1

in my two workshops and personal study and do a workshop myself to keep the interest in the language going. After only a brief hesitation, I wholeheartedly agreed." "With my love of singing and the Gaelic language, I would like to see us start a Gaelic Mòd (a Gaelic singing competition) at our festival. I think the Gaelic Workshop is a good way to spark that interest." Gaelic was nearly a dead language when it began to experience a grass-roots renaissance in the mid 1970's. It has continued to gain in popularity and is gradually being reintroduced into public life in Scotland for the first time in over 200 years. The 2001 General Census of Scotland recorded 58,650

Six years ago, you elected me president of the Scottish Heritage Society of North Central West Virginia. It has been an honor and privilege to work with all of you. The friendships Deb and I have made will last a lifetime. Thank you for your patience and guidance in keeping the mission of the Society and what it stands for. I have decided not to seek another year as president. The decision was not an easy one to make. I have served with the best people I know. Everyone has gone beyond his or her commitment and responsibilities. I feel very confident in where the Society is now and where the Society will be in the future. The finances are secure and growing, membership has stayed steady with a small growth, and the festival has continued to expand and grow each year. On May 18, 2008, the Society will hold its annual meeting at 7 PM at the First Presbyterian Church. During this meeting, elections will be held to fill positions on the Board. Your presence and vote will be needed to assure the future of the Society will continue to grow. Please mark your calendars and make every effort to come. Again, thank you all. Kevin Anderson

Notes from the Chief

Check out our festival billboard on southbound I-79 just before the Harrison County line between Fairmont and Bridgeport .....




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