Read Civil 3D 2007 Fundamentals text version

Autodesk Civil 3D 2007

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Assemblies, Corridors, and Sections

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This module contains: Section 1: Assemblies Assembly Overview Adding Subassemblies Section 2: Corridors Creating a Corridor Corridor Properties Corridor Review and Edit Section 3: Sections Sample Line Groups Section Views Quantity Takeoffs

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Section 1: Assemblies Copyrighted Material

In this section you will learn how to: Create an assembly: Assemblies and Subassemblies. Attach subassemblies. Modify subassembly parameters: Subassembly Parameters.

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Assemblies, Corridors, and Sections

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Assembly Overview

Assemblies

An assembly defines the attachment point of a roadway cross-section to the horizontal and vertical alignments (midpoint of the vertical line). Subassemblies attach to the right- or left-hand side at the attachment point to create a road section. An assembly is the centerline of the roadway section. All of the attached subassemblies define the roadway section.

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A Civil 3D Assembly anchors the subassembly attachments.

An assembly can be placed anywhere in a drawing. It is usually near a profile, but its location in the drawing is not very important. When building an assembly, you build from the middle out to the right- or lefthand edges.

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Subassemblies

Each point (vertex) of a subassembly has a name.

Assembly styles affect only the color, layers, and symbols of the assembly.

A subassembly represents a portion of a roadway cross-section. For example, subassemblies are pavements, sidewalks, curbs, etc. Each contains points, links, and a shape.

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Subassembly points create feature-lines. Feature lines are data for surfaces and grading solutions.

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A point is a potential location for offset and elevation annotation. A point is also a connection point for an adjacent subassembly. For examples, some points are edge-of-travelways, back-of-curbs, gutters, etc. Styles define the properties for the points and their labels.

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A link is a line connecting subassembly points. A shape is an entire subassembly.

A link is data for a slope or grade label. It also represents data for a surface. For example links are pavement, sidewalks, datums, etc. Styles define the properties of a link and its labels.

A shape is also data for material takeoffs. For example, shapes are curbs, sidewalks, barriers, shoulders, etc. Styles define the properties of a shape.

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Each subassembly should have a unique name.

Assembly with Lane Outside Super, Urban Curb and Gutter General, and Daylight General Subassemblies attached to the right-hand side.

Each subassembly attaches to the assembly connection point or to a point on an adjacent subassembly (usually a red circle).

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Civil 3D Help contains extensive documentation for each subassembly.

The Prospector tab lists each subassembly, but not its attached assembly. The Properties of an assembly lists its subassemblies and their parameters. The Prospector tab separates subassemblies by assigning them individual numbers, (for example, BasicLane - (1), BasicLane - (2), etc.). However, it is best to give each subassembly a more meaningful name, (for example, Right Basic Lane, Left Basic Lane, etc.).

Subassemblies used in the HWLongfellow ­ (1) Assembly

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Assemblies, Corridors, and Sections

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Adding Subassemblies

Civil 3D includes several subassemblies addressing most roadway design needs. All are available using a Tool Palette. The Tool Palette contains seven subassembly categories: Roadway, Basic, Structures, Daylight, Generic, Parking Tools, and Channel and Ditches.

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To toggle on or off the palettes window, click the Tool Palettes button, or press <Ctrl + 3>.

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Subassembly Parameters

Each subassembly has parameters affecting its shape, grades or slopes, and which control the side of the assembly that it is on. The more complex a subassembly, the more parameters it has. When adding a subassembly, a Properties palette opens, listing all of the subassembly's parameters. In the Properties palette, in the Design tab, the Advanced section lists the subassembly's parameters.

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Change subassembly parameters using the Properties dialog box.

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4-6 When working with the Tool Palettes and Properties palette, you could find it helpful to turn off the Allow Docking option, to prevent them from docking on the sides of the screen. Right-click on the palette title bar to set this option.

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Assemblies, Corridors, and Sections

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Practice: Creating an Assembly

Task 1: Practice Setup 1. Open the drawing C3D-Module 4- 2007.dwg. 3. Select the Settings tab to make it current. 5. Select the Object Layers tab.

2. From the File menu, select Save As... and save the drawing as M4 Practice. You will work in this copy to keep the original file unchanged.

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4. Right-click on the drawing name at the top and select Edit Drawing Settings...

6. For the Assembly and Subassembly entries, change their modifiers to suffix, set their modifier's value to -* (a dash followed by an asterisk), and click Ok to exit.

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2. From the Corridors menu, select Create Assembly...

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Task 1: Create an Assembly

1. From the View menu, select Named Views... and restore the Assembly view. This is a blank area of the screen.

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3. In the Create Assembly dialog box, enter the Name as HWLongfellow, set the Assembly style to Basic, and the Code set style to All Codes.

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6. Save the drawing. Task 2: Add Subassemblies

4. Click Ok and in the drawing, select a point in the middle of the screen. 5. If needed, use the AutoCAD ZOOM command to see the assembly more clearly.

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2. Select the Imperial-Roadway tab to make it current.

1. If needed, from the General menu, select Tool Palettes Window...

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Assemblies, Corridors, and Sections

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5. In the drawing, select the assembly to place the part.

3. Click on LaneOutsideSuper, and the Properties window opens. 4. In the Properties tool palette, locate the Side parameter and change it to Right.

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6. In LaneOutsideSuper, change the Side parameter to left. 7. In the drawing, select the assembly to place the left-hand pavement side.

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8. Press the <Esc> key to end the lane attachment. 9. Select the Imperial­Structures tab to make it current.

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10. Select UrbanCurbGutterGeneral, and the Properties window opens.

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11. Check the Side parameter, change it to Right, ZOOM to see the righthand outer edge of the pavement more clearly, and select the upper outside ring (red) to attach the curb to the pavement.

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14. Select the Imperial­Daylight tab to make it current. 15. In the Tool Palette click on DaylightStandard.

12. Change the Side parameter to Left, ZOOM and/or PAN to see the lefthand outer edge of the pavement more clearly, and select the upper outside ring (red) to attach the curb to the pavement.

13. Press the <Esc> key to return to the Command Line prompt.

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16. In the Properties tab, change the Side to Right and ZOOM and/or PAN to see the right-hand back-of-curb more clearly, and select the upper outside ring (red) to attach the daylight to the curb.

17. Change the Side to Left and ZOOM and/or PAN to see the left-hand back-of-curb more clearly, and select the upper outside ring (red) to attach the daylight to the curb.

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18. Press the <Esc> key to return to the Command Line prompt.

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Task 3: Change Subassembly Properties 1. Select the Prospector tab to make it current. 4. Select the Parameters tab to view its contents.

2. Expand the Subassembly branch until you can see the list of subassemblies. 3. Right-click on the first LaneOutsideSuper, and select Properties...

5. In the Properties dialog box, write down which side the subassembly represents.

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6. Select the Information tab, change the name of the subassembly to Lane Outside Super-Right, and click Ok to exit.

7. Repeat the previous four steps and change the names of the remaining subassemblies.

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8. Save the drawing.

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Self Check

2. How does each subassembly attach to the assembly? 3. What does the subassembly Tool Palette contain?

1. How does an assembly define the attachment point of a roadway crosssection?

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4. Which parameters does each subassembly contain and what do they control?

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Assemblies, Corridors, and Sections

Section 2: Corridors Copyrighted Material

In this section you will learn how to: Create a simple corridor. Set corridor properties: Parameters, Codes, Feature Lines, Surfaces, Boundaries, and Slope Patterns. Create corridor surfaces.

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Review and edit a corridor: Tool Tips.

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Creating a Corridor

A corridor is a model of a roadway design. The corridor model represents a combination of alignment, profile vertical design, and assembly.

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The Corridors menu commands: CREATE SIMPLE CORRIDOR or CREATE CORRIDOR process the road design components into a corridor. Each displays the Create Corridor dialog box and can set the same parameters. The difference is that CREATE CORRIDOR is for more complex roadway designs that require offset, width, etc., before creating a corridor. For small and uncomplicated subdivisions and roads, CREATE SIMPLE CORRIDOR is used. For complicated designs with several centerlines and controlling baselines, CREATE CORRIDOR is used.

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4 - 14 After you enter the information in the Create Simple Corridor dialog box, you identify the names of the horizontal and vertical alignments and assembly. Each item is identified by selecting it in the drawing or by pressing the right mouse button to display a shortcut menu from which you can select the item. The Logical Name Mapping dialog box for SIMPLE CORRIDORS prompts you for the daylight surface. This step is needed, because the assembly daylights (matches to) to the composite surface.

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Assemblies, Corridors, and Sections

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You click in the Object Name cell for Surfaces (<Click here to set all>) and select the surface from the list shown by the Pick a Surface dialog box, as shown below. If the surface is left as none, Civil 3D's Event Viewer will display a warning for each section.

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Practice: Creating a Corridor

Task 1: Practice Setup 2. Select the Settings tab to make it current.

1. Continue working in the drawing from the previous practice.

3. Right-click the drawing name at the top, and select Edit Drawing Settings...

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4. Select the Object Layers tab, set the Corridor and Corridor Section modifiers to Suffix, and set the value to -* (a dash followed by an asterisk).

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5. Click Ok to exit. Task 2: Create a Simple Corridor

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1. From the Corridors menu, select Create Simple Corridor. 2. In the Create Simple Corridor dialog box, enter the Name as HWLongfellow, enter the Description as Preliminary of 12/20/06 Design follows terrain, and click Ok to exit.

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3. At the Command Line prompt Select baseline alignment, press the <Enter> key to display the Select an Alignment dialog box, select HWLongfellow ­ (1), and click OK to exit.

4. At the Command Line prompt Select a profile, press the <Enter> key to display the Select a Profile dialog box, click on the pull-down menu arrow, select HWLongfellow ­ (1) from the list, and click Ok to exit. 5. At the Command Line prompt Select an assembly, press the <Enter> key to display the Select an Assembly dialog box, click on the pull-down menu arrow, select HWLongfellow ­ (1) from the list, and click Ok to exit. 6. The Logical Name Mapping dialog box displays. Click in the Object Name cell for Surfaces (<Click here to set all>), from the Pick a Surface dialog box, select the Composite Surface, and click Ok to create the corridor.

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7. Use the ZOOM and PAN commands to view the corridor.

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8. Save the drawing.

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Corridor Properties

Parameters Codes

The Corridor Properties dialog box has seven tabs: Information, Parameters, Codes (point, link, and shape), Feature Lines, Surfaces, Boundaries, and Slope Patterns.

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The Parameters tab displays the target DTM, beginning and ending region stations, frequency of sections, and name of the assembly. A corridor can have more than one region and each region can have a different assembly.

The Codes tab lists all of the codes available in the corridor based on the subassemblies in the assembly. These codes are available for section labels and quantity take-off.

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Feature Lines

Feature lines are named strings that pass through the codes of the corridor. From any feature line listed in the Feature Line tab, you can export a polyline or feature line.

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Surfaces

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A roadway surface cannot have vertical faces.

Each assembly link can be data for a surface. The two most common corridor surfaces are top and datum. The top surface shows the final design and the datum surface represents the amount of cut or fill needed to construct the road foundation. The datum surface is a part of the earthwork volume calculations.

Boundaries

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Slope Patterns

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Typically, when building a surface for a corridor, the outermost boundary is used to control surface triangulation. For example, for an assembly with a daylighting subassembly, the best boundary is DayLight. Another type of boundary is used to define rendering material boundaries.

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Assemblies, Corridors, and Sections

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Practice: Corridor Properties

Task 1: Review Corridor Properties 3. Select the Parameters tab to view its contents.

1. Continue working in the drawing from the previous practice. 2. Right-click on any corridor segment, and select Corridor Properties...

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Task 2: Create a Corridor Surface

4. Click on Set All Targets (upper right-hand side) to see the current corridor assignments.

5. Click on the Cancel button to return to Corridor Properties. 6. Select the Codes tab and to see the various point, link, and shape codes.

1. Still in the Corridor Properties dialog box select the Surfaces tab. 2. Click on the Create a Corridor Surface (first on the left-hand side) to create a surface entry.

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3. Click in the Name cell and enter HWLongfellow ­ (1) Top. 4. If needed, in Data type click on the pull-down menu arrow, select Links, set Specify code to Top, and click on the blue plus sign to assign the Top link's data to the HWLongfellow ­ (1) Top surface.

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5. Click in the cell listing the Surface style, and a Select Style dialog box displays. Click on the pull-down menu arrow, select the Contours 1' and 5' (Design) style, and click Ok to return to Corridor Properties.

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8. Select the Boundaries tab to view its contents.

6. Click in the cell listing the Rendering style and a Select Style dialog box displays. Click on the pull-down menu arrow, select the GrassShort style, and click Ok to return to Corridor Properties. 7. Repeat steps 2­6 to define a Datum surface for the corridor. The Data Type is Links, using the code of Datum. Use the same rendering materials.

9. Highlight the HWLongfellow ­ (1) Top surface, right-click and from the Add Automatically menu boundary list, select Daylight.

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11. Click Ok to exit and build the corridor surface.

10. Repeat the previous step and assign the daylight boundary to the HWLongfellow ­ (1) Datum surface.

12. ZOOM and PAN to better view the corridor contours more clearly.

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14. Save the drawing. 15. In the drawing, select any segment representing the corridor, rightclick, and select Object Viewer... Use the 3D wireframe setting and examine the corridor from various angles.

13. In the Prospector tab, in the Corridor branch, select the HWLongfellow ­ (1) corridor, right-click, and select Rebuild ­ Automatic.

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16. Close the Object Viewer.

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Corridor Review and Edit

The VIEW/EDIT CORRIDOR SECTION command reviews and edits sections. Each section represents the assembly and daylight solution along the corridor's path.

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The View/Edit Corridor Section Editor enables you to review and edit each parameter of a subassembly. Any change can apply to the current station or a range of stations.

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Tool Tips

The arrow icon at the right-hand side of the toolbar hides or displays the parameter list.

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All Civil 3D objects display a cursor tool tip. A corridor displays several entries in a tool tip, for example, the station and offset of all alignments in the drawing, feature lines under the current cursor location, all surface elevations, and other tool tip reports.

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Practice: View/Edit Corridor Sections

Task 1: Review Corridor Cross-sections

Tool tip display is a setting in the Information tab of an object's Properties dialog box. By toggling on and off tool tips, you can control which information displays at the cursor when you are hovering over a point in the drawing.

1. Continue working in the drawing from the previous practice.

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2. From the Corridors menu, select View/Edit Corridor Section. 3. In the Command Line, you are prompted to select an alignment, rightclick, select HWLongfellow - (1) from the list, and click Ok to exit. 4. In the View/Edit Corridor Section toolbar click on the Next station arrow (on the right-hand side of the station number at the middle of the toolbar) to advance to the next station. 5. Right-click on the pull-down menu arrow (on the right-hand side of the station number) to see a corridor section list and select station 4+75 from the list.

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6. Click on the arrow at the right-hand side of the View/Edit Corridor Section toolbar to display the panel and review the section's values. 7. In the View/Edit Corridor Section toolbar click on the pull-down menu arrow (on the right-hand side of the station number) to view a corridor section list and select station 1+75 from the list. 8. In the Parameters tab scroll down to the DaylightStandard­Right Side section until you can see the parameters for Ditch Width. Change the Ditch Width to 6' in the Value column. A check mark appears in the Override column, indicating that the value has changed.

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10. Close the View/Edit Corridor Section dialog box. 11. Save the drawing. Task 2: Turn Off Tool Tips 1. If needed, select the Prospector tab to make it current.

9. Click on the Override check mark to toggle off this change for the section.

2. Expand the Sites branch until you can see the list of Alignments.

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6. Save the drawing.

3. Select Back Pass Way, right-click, and select Properties... 4. Select the Information tab, toggle off Show tool tips, and click Ok to exit.

5. Place the cursor over the corridor. Back Pass Way does not report a station and offset value for the tool tip.

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Self Check

1. What does a corridor model represent? 2. Which command is used to create corridors in small and uncomplicated subdivisions and roads?

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4. What are feature lines?

3. Name the seven tabs of the Corridor Properties dialog box.

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6. How do you toggle tool tip display on and off?

5. What does the View/Edit Corridor Section Editor enable you to do?

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Section 3: Sections Copyrighted Material

In this section you will learn how to: Create a sample line group. Create section views: Create Section Views, Create Multiple Views, Section View Styles, Section and Label Styles, MultiPurpose Styles, Page Styles, and Section 1 and Section 2.

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Develop quantity takeoffs: Earthworks, Material Takeoff, Quantity Takeoff Criteria, and Define Materials.

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Sample Line Groups

Sample line groups are objects that sample corridor elements for crosssections. The surface(s), profiles, and assembly of a corridor are the basis for sections documenting it. Adding new data to an existing sample line group is a complex process. If you have existing sample lines and are now creating a piping network, it is best to recreate the sample lines to add in the pipe network data. Otherwise, you should create the pipe network before creating the sample line group.

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The Create Sample Line Group dialog box identifies all of the elements in a corridor's path. The Section sampling defaults area indicates the type of object, where it comes from, whether or not to sample, what style to use for the sections, what layers, and the update mode for the section. Section styles for a surface assign layer names and properties. Multi-Purpose styles for an assembly assign its layer and label properties.

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Double-clicking on the layer name displays a Layer Definition dialog box.

After adjusting the values for the Create Sample Line dialog box and clicking Ok, the Sample Line toolbar appears.

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The Sample Line toolbar is the control center for defining sample lines. The default method is By stations, which means selecting a station location graphically from the screen.

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The Pick points on screen method enables you to select points in the drawing defining the path of the section. This type of section can have multiple vertices. The Select existing polylines method uses existing drawing polylines to define a section. The polyline does not have to be perpendicular to the centerline and can have multiple segments. The By station range method prompts for a range of stations, sampling width, geometry points, and other critical sample locations.

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The From corridor stations method uses the stations of the corridor as the stations of the sample line. This method also displays the Create Sample Line dialog box to define the station range and swath widths for the sections. After creating the sample line group, the Prospector tab lists the individual sample lines under the sample line group's name. Each entry in the list includes all sampled elements for a section.

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Practice: Create Sample Line Group

Task 1: Create a Sample Line Group

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2. From the Sections menu, select Create Sample Lines...

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1. Continue working in the drawing from the previous practice or, if you did not complete the practices in the previous section, open the drawing Module 4 - Sample Line Groups.dwg.

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3. The Command Line prompts you to select an alignment, right-click, and select the HWLongfellow - (1) from the list of alignments, click Ok and the Create Sample Line Group dialog box appears. 4. In the Create Sample Line Group dialog box, check that all four items are on in the Section sampling defaults area. 5. In the Create Sample Line Group dialog box, if needed, change the Composite surface Style to Existing Ground (double-click in the cell with the layer name, click on the pull-down menu arrow, and select the new style from the list), and if needed, change the HWLongfellow ­ (1) Top and Datum surfaces' Style to Finished Ground. 6. In the Create Sample Line Group dialog box, double-click the Section Layer cell for each entry, and in the Object Layer dialog box change the modifier to suffix and append an appropriate Modifier Value. Use the list below as a naming guide. Data Source: Section Layer:

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Composite Surface HWLongfellow ­ (1) HWLongfellow ­ (1) Top HWLongfellow ­ (1) Datum

C-ROAD-SCTN-EXGRND C-TOPO-SCTN-ASSM C-TOPO-SCTN-TOP C-TOPO-SCTN-DATUM

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7. Click Ok to exit and the Sample Line Tools toolbar appears.

8. Click on the Sample Line method pull-down menu arrow and select From Corridor Stations.

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9. In the Create Sample Lines­From Corridor Stations dialog box, click in the Width cell for the Left Swath Width, and set the width to 75. 10. In the Create Sample Lines­From Corridor Stations dialog box, click in the Width cell for the Right Swath Width, and set the width to 75.

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11. Click Ok to accept the current values and return to the Sample Line Tools toolbar.

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13. Save the drawing.

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12. Press the <Enter> key to create the sample lines and close the Sample Line Tools toolbar.

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Task 2: Review Sample Line Properties 1. If needed, select the Prospector tab to make it current. 4. Select the Sample Lines tab to view the sample line list. 5. Select the Sections tab to view its contents.

2. Expand the Sites branch until you can see the HWLongfellow Alignment's Sample Line Groups heading and its list of sample lines for SL Collection - 1. 3. In HWLongfellow's list of sample lines, right-click on SL Collection 1, and select Properties...

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7. Click on the Cancel button to exit. Task 3: Review the Data in a Sample Line 1. Expand the Sample branch for 0+75.

6. The Section sampling defaults list which data can be re-sampled. The Sections area, lists the sections for each sample line.

2. In the 0+75 section, expand Sections to view the sampled surfaces.

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5. Click Ok to exit. 6. Save the drawing.

3. Right-click on the HWLongfellow ­ (1) Top surface, and select Properties... 4. Select the Section Data tab and scroll the entry to view the values for the sampled surface.

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Assemblies, Corridors, and Sections

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Section Views

A section view contains sampled surface sections, corridor assemblies, and any pipes or structures. Similar to profiles, sections use a section view to annotate their elevations and centerline offsets. Styles affect the `look' of a section view. The section view annotates the assembly's offsets, elevations, and grades. The All Codes style assigned to the Assembly in the sample line group makes all of the points and links available for labeling. The Section labels styles do not interact with the assembly, only with the corridor surfaces. Section views can be moved and retain the correct information.

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Create Section View

The Create Section View dialog box creates a view for a selected section, determines which styles to use, reports the section statistics, and assigns annotation. If you want to annotate only the corridor assembly, all of the other sections should have the No Label style. The label settings in the All Codes style annotate the assembly.

When using the CREATE MULTIPLE VIEW command, there are three methods of creating section views: individually, organized in pages, or stacked in columns and rows.

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The CREATE SECTION VIEW command creates a single view for selected sample lines.

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Create Multiple Views

The CREATE MULTIPLE VIEWS command draws sections in a column and row structure. It organizes sections by (All) or as pages (Page). You can define page styles that define sheet sizes and plottable areas (sheet size minus margins and border). The Group Plot Style option sets the method of creating multiple section views (All or Page). You can change the view, label, and band set styles for the sections.

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Section View Styles

A Section view style defines the vertical and horizontal grid and its annotation. The horizontal lines represent the elevations and the vertical lines represent the centerline offset.

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Section View Band Styles

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A band style defines the offset and elevation annotation at the bottom of a section view. The style affects the annotation's format and which information appears in the band.

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Section and Label Styles

A section style assigns a layer and other layer properties to a surface section. The section label styles annotate grade breaks, slopes, and offsets.

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Multi-Purpose Styles

All link styles annotate a grade or slope.

In Multi-Purpose styles, the All Codes code style assigns object and label styles for a corridor assembly. This is the most important style for section labeling. The All Codes style defines object styles for points, links, or shapes and sets which labels appear in a section view. In the example below, only the daylight link will show a grade label.

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All point styles annotate an offset and elevation.

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Page Styles

A page style defines the plottable area of a sheet size. This is what remains after removing the non-printing margins and border from the sheet size. The style also defines a sheet grid. The Plot Group styles use the grid to space sections on a sheet.

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Practice: Create Section Views

Task 1: Create a Single View 1. Continue working in the drawing from the previous practice. 2. From the Sections menu, select Create View...

Section1 and Section2

The existing and proposed elevation labels of a section come from the assignment of Section1 and Section2. Section1 is the existing and Section2 the proposed elevation.

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3. In the Create Section View dialog box, set the Alignment to HWLongfellow ­ (1) and the sample line to 54+50.

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4. In the Select sections to draw area, scroll the data list to the right-hand side until you can see the Labels column. If needed, change the Composite, Top, and Datum surface labels to No Labels.

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5. Click Ok to place the section in the drawing.

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7. ZOOM and PAN to see the section more clearly. 8. Select the Settings tab to make it current.

6. The Section View Bands­Set Properties dialog box appears, prompting you for Section1 and Section2. Set the Composite Surface to Section1 and HWLongfellow ­ (1) ­ Top to Section2, click Ok to continue, and place the section in the drawing.

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9. Expand the General, and then Multi-Purpose Styles branches to view the list of Code Set Styles.

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10. Right-click on the All Codes style, and select Edit... 13. Expand the Point tree and locate the ETW entry.

11. In the Codes tab, expand the Link section and locate the Pave entry.

12. In the Label Style column, click on the label icon at the right-hand side of the cell, and the Select Style dialog box appears. Click on the pulldown menu arrow, select the Flat Grades label style from the list, and click Ok to return to the All Codes Style dialog box.

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16. Close the drawing and DO NOT save the changes. 17. Open the drawing again. Task 2: Create Multiple Views­Plot All 2. Select the Settings tab to make it current.

14. In the ETW entry, in the Label Style column, click on the label icon at the right-hand side of the cell, and the Select Style dialog box appears. Click on the pull-down menu arrow, select the Offset Elevation label style from the list, and click Ok to return to the All Codes Style dialog box. 15. Click Ok to end editing the All Codes Style and to see the new annotation on the cross-section.

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7. Right-click on Plot All, and select Edit...

1. ZOOM and PAN to an empty area to the right-hand side of the site.

3. Expand the Section View branch until you can see the list of Sheet Styles. 4. Right-click on Sheet Size - D (24x36), and select Edit... 5. Select the Sheet tab if needed, change the Page Layout to Default Model, and click Ok to exit.

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6. In the Settings tab, expand the Section View branch until you can see the list of Group Plot Styles.

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8. Select the Array tab, set Maximum in a row to 10, Major vertical grids to 3, Major horizontal grids to 2, set Cell size to Uniform for all, and select Ok to exit.

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9. From the Sections menu, select Create Multiple Views... 10. In the Create Multiple Views dialog box, set the Group Plot Style to Plot All, and click Ok to exit.

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12. ZOOM and PAN to view the sections. 13. Close the drawing and DO NOT save the changes. 14. Open the drawing again. Task 3: Create Multiple Views­Plot Page 2. If needed, select the Settings tab to make it current.

11. The Section View Bands­Set Properties dialog box appears prompting you for Section1 and Section2. Set the Composite Surface to Section1 and HWLongfellow ­ (1) ­ Top to Section2, click Ok to continue, and place the sections in the drawing.

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1. ZOOM and PAN to an empty area to the right-hand side of the site.

3. Expand the Section View branch until you can see the list of Sheet Styles.

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7. Right-click on Plot by Page, and select Edit...

4. From the list of sheet sizes, select Sheet Size - D (24x36), right-click, and select Edit... 5. Select the Sheet tab if needed, change the Page Layout to Default Layout, and click Ok to exit.

6. In the Settings tab, expand the Section View branch until you can see the list of Group Plot Styles.

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13. ZOOM and PAN to view the sections. 14. Save the drawing.

8. Select the Array tab, set Maximum in a row to 6, Major vertical grids to 4, Major horizontal grids to 1, set Cell size to Uniform for all, and select Ok to exit.

9. Select the Plot Area tab; change the Sheet Style to Sheet Size - D (24x36), and click Ok to exit. 10. From the Sections menu, select Create Multiple Views...

11. In the Create Multiple View dialog box, set the Group Plot Style to Plot Page and click Ok to exit. 12. The Section View Bands­Set Properties dialog box appears, prompting you for Section1 and Section2. Set the Composite Surface to Section1 and HWLongfellow ­ (1) ­ Top to Section2, click Ok to continue, and place the sections in the drawing.

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Quantity Takeoffs

Earthworks

There are two types of quantity takeoffs for a road design: earthworks and material. Earthworks represents the amount of cut (existing material above the vertical design), or fill (the vertical design above the existing material). Material volumes are the amount of materials needed to build the road. Materials include: asphalt pavement, concrete curbing, subbase materials, and other materials.

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Earthwork volumes represent an amount of displaced surface materials. The displacement represents the excavation of high or filling in of low points in the existing ground surface, relative to the vertical road design. The goal of most road designs is creating a balance between the amount of excavated material (called cut) and the amount of material filling in existing low spots to create the roadbed (called fill). On any site, not all of the excavated material (cut) will be reusable. For example, the spoil materials could be from a bog, a type of material that does not compact well, or could be rock debris. The reuse of cut material can be a percentage of the overall cut value and affects the overall earthwork calculation.

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The calculation of earthworks is between the Existing Ground and the Datum of an assembly. The datum represents the roadbed on which lie the subbase gravel, asphalt, and concrete materials. Earthwork volumes affect which revisions occur to a roadway design. For example, excessive cut material (material needing excavation) could lead to raising the vertical design or, if possible, moving the horizontal alignment to create less cut.

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Material Takeoff Quantity Takeoff Criteria

The assembly's subassemblies represent materials available for quantity takeoffs. These quantities come from the subassembly shapes, (for example, curb, pave, shoulder, sidewalk, etc.).

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The Quantity Takeoff Criteria defines the surfaces and materials for takeoff volumes. Take-off criteria identify two surfaces for earthwork calculations and a list of shapes for material volumes. The criteria styles do not identify names of the surfaces or materials; just that there are two surfaces, (one below and one above) or structures ((shapes) pave1, curbs, or subbase) that are materials. When creating volume calculation data, you associate a name with the criteria entry.

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Define Materials Practice: Quantity Takeoff

Task 1: Create an Earthworks Report

After defining the volume criteria, you create data from the criteria settings. The DEFINE MATERIALS command sets the alignment and a Sample Line Group to use for data extraction. When the Edit Material List dialog box appears, you associate surfaces and/or structures (subassembly shapes) to the appropriate entries. Click Ok to exit and Civil 3D calculates the needed report data.

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2. From the Sections menu, select Define Materials.

1. Continue working in the drawing from the previous practice.

3. In the Select a Sample Line Group, change the alignment name to HWLongfellow ­ (1), set the sample line group to SL Collection-1, and click Ok to exit.

4. In the Edit Material List dialog box, make sure the Quantity Takeoff Criteria is set to Cut and Fill.

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7. Click Ok to create the volume report data.

5. Click in the object name cell for EG (<click here to set all>), and select the composite surface from the pull-down menu.

6. Click in the object name cell for Datum (<click here to set all>) and select the HWLongfellow ­ (1) Datum surface from the pull-down menu.

8. From the Sections menu, select Generate Volume Report. 9. In the Report Quantities dialog box, set the Alignment to HWLongfellow ­ (1), the Sample Line Collection and Material list should change to the correct values, click on the Select a style sheet icon to the right-hand side of the current style sheet, select earthworks.xsl from the list, and click Ok to return the Report Quantities dialog box.

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10. Click Ok to calculate the earthworks report for the roadway.

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Self Check

1. What are sample line groups? 2. What is the default sample line method and what does it mean?

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3. What does the Create Section View dialog box do? 4. What does the All Codes style define?

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5. What does take-off criteria identify? 6. What does the DEFINE MATERIALS command do?

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Civil 3D 2007 Fundamentals

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