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72

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6.100301 «»

____ ________________2009. _____. -

2009

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71

656.61.052 « » 6.100301 «» / .. , .. . : - , 2009. 72 .

, , . 500 , -II, -II/1 -II/2. , 12 11 2009 . - . : .., , .

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70

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1. ...............4 2. .......6 3. ..................................................7 4. , ....8 5. ...............11 6. ..................................................................14 7. .............................................................18 8. ..........................................................................21 9. ....................................................................25 10. ........................................................................30 11. ...................35 12. ............37 ...........................................39 . ............40 . L²³bp.......................................53 . Ship's particulars (vessel No 1)....................54 . Ship's particulars (vessel No 2)...................56 . .................................................58 . ..................................................62 . ...............................................................65 . ..........68 . .........69

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4 1. 6.100301 «», « ». , ( , , , ..) , . . 20...25 4. , . , , , 1. - 1 2 . , . ( Admiralty). 500 , -II, -II/1, « 500 », -74, -93. : 1) ; 2) ; . .1 1 1 1 1 , ( ) 12192 (40) 9125 (30) 6058 (20) 2991 (10) , . 30,48 25,40 20,32 10,16

69

. 2438 (8 ).

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68 . .1 , 1350 1250 850 900 1250 850 900 1000 1100 1350 1250 , 2800 1250 2800 1250 2800 , 1300 1200 800 1200 1200 800 1200 1100 1100 1300 1300 1600 1200 1350 1200 1600

5 3) ; 4) , ; 5) ; 6) , ( (), 5 ­ 9 ); 7) ; 8) , ; 9) ; 10) , .

. 1. 1,0 6,5 . 2. , , . 3. 1,0 8,0 , 2,8 1,6 . 4. : 1,9...2,9 ³/; 2,4...3,3 ³/; , 1,5...2,0 ³/.

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6 2. , . 1. ( , , , ). 2. , , . , . 3. , , , , . , . 4. , . 5. , . 6. % (FO, GO, LO, FW). 7. , , . 8. , , . 9. , . 10. , . 11. 500 . 12. . .1 19,56 6,26 16,60 6,42 7,40 5,03 12,73 5,40 14,00 5,10 "Hyundai R140LC 7" 13,98 7,80 "Hyundai R35 7" 3,32 4,20 "Hyundai R180LC 7" 18,40 8,99 2121 ( ) 5,70 2,45 4121 ( ) 21,20 9,00 5015 ( ) 12,25 6,10 602 ( ) 21,25 9,20 22 7,10 8,50 51 12,00 10,05 104 22,80 14,30 130 2561 8,70 10,60 156 () 10,55 7,12 157 () 18,22 6,82 4000 5,05 3,38 4008 13,30 6,56 39 () 8,70 4,95 - 357 19,00 10,25 144 13,40 8,22 321 10,10 7,38 5410 6,80 6,14 255 10,60 7,68 1301 3,86 5,28 10 10 75..2 271 959

67

4,26 3,24 2,52 3,04 2,95 2,60 2,00 2,59 2,60 2,95 2,77 2,83 2,32 2,65 2,73 2,50 2,50 3,25 2,24 2,75 2,25 3,25 2,46 2,64 2,48 2,75 2,36

3,15 3,09 2,92 3,05 2,95 2,82 2,70 2,92 2,46 3,30 5,70 5,90 3,30 3,85 3,91 3,65 3,27 2,25 3,20 3,75 2,30 2,93 2,46 2,62 2,83 2,93 2,40

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66 .1 -4,0 40 9 () -8,0 40 24 () 3163 Patriot 3909 « 375» 11,61 13,15 8,75 9,44 2,50 2,50 2,08 1,94 2,69 2,47 2,50 2,50 2,45 2,50 2,70 2,50 2,64 2,23 2,50 2,34 2,87 2,80 2,25 1,97 2,01 2,24 2,27 2,48 1,85 3,03 3,15 2,00 2,10 2,68 1,98 3,61 2,03 2,07 1,96 3,00 2.95 2,58 2,66 3,16 3,95 3,55 2,82 2,78 2,43 2,71 2,33 3,25 3,12 3.

7

2,07 4,65 1,82 4,44 8,40 7,35 717 () 4,00 7,69 5205 () 5,70 10,18 941 () 6,70 13,22 885 () 2,85 6,38 ­ 9370 () 5,48 9,63 151 8,00 10,50 56215 ( 53228) 10,10 8,20 16 23,00 11,38 151 9,30 11,88 46123 012 6,80 7,56 9,23 6,60 220 14,10 7,35 7441 11,45 6,55 701 1221 («») 4,60 4,95 82.1 («») 3,70 3,93 . 6,68 4,50 4 6,00 4,53 75 7,16 4,32 75 15,99 4,21 10.0111 1 7,82 5,40 150

, , . -, () () . , . OZ -. . -. . : «+» ; «-» . : «+» ; «-» . : «+» , (); «-» , (). : «+» OZ; «-» OZ.

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8 4. , 1. - (ship's particulars) , , . 2. (stability) , , . 3. (carrying capacity) , . ; . 4. (deadweight) . , ( 1,025 /³). 5. (cargo deadweight) , .. , , , , , , . . 6. (cubic carrying capacity) ( ³ ft³), . ( ) , () . . 7. (tonnage) , (1 . = 100 ft³ = 2,83 ³). () (gross tonnage) (net tonnage) . , , , , . . - .1

65

-

-4 150 () - 15 377 () . "Isuzu NQR 71R" "MAN LION'S SITY" 548 7510 "Hyundai H-1" "Subaru Tribeca" 2170 "KIA Carnival" 63 127 () 130 151 53202 214 258 500 514 ­ 525 200 "KIA Sorento" TATA LPT613 I VAN ( ) Hummer H2

, 4,8 9,0 4,7 9,5 28,8 21,4 2,2 1,9 1,10 1,95 3,2 10,0 4,3 5,60 7,38 12,60 9,30 6,60 9,55 24,50 6,60 2,07 2,97 4,82 2,91

, 6,62 2,30 2,60 9,29 6,00 11,95 7,15 6,20 5,13 4,87 4,35 4,810 5,53 10,22 6,67 6,93 8,30 8,35 7,12 7,14 8,52 7,40 7,62 4,59 6,78 7,40 5,17 3,50 2,30 2,55 3,70 3,40 1,92 1,88 1,68 1,985 2,20 2,68 2,50 2,32 2,50 2,70 2,63 2,50 2,50 3,25 2,65 1,87 2,16 2,24 2,06 2,64 2,40 3,13 3,10 2,95 1,925 1,72 1,42 1,76 2,25 3,06 2,40 2,31 3,37 2,88 2,67 2,65 3,80 3,86 2,43 1,73 2,34 2,92 2,01

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64 .1 «» «», «» «» «» «» «» «» - 1,00...1,60 0,33 0,46 30 36 38 40

9 8. (loading mark) , - ( ) : , ( ), , . 9. - (reduction in GM due to any free surface of liquids) . 10. (specific cargo capacity) , (³/ ft³/). 11. (stowage factor) , 1 (³/). 12. (speed) , (1 . = 1 /). , , ­ , . , ( ). 13. (light ship displacement) , , , , , . 14. () (static stability diagram) () (l) . 15. () (dynamic stability diagram) . 16. . 17. ( , , ..).

0,43...0,47 0,31...041 0,40 0,21...0,26 0,36 0,30...0,43 0,28...0,34 0,79...0,99 0,95...1,02

35...40

36 30...45 30...45

1,11...1,20 1,05...1,25 0,92...1,16 1,03...1,10 0,90...1,08 1,17...1,25 1,25...1,55 1,64...1,98 1,80

30...45 30...45 30...45 30...45 30...45 30...45 45 35...47 40

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10 18. () (centre of gravity (G) . 19. () (centre of flotation (C) ( ). 20. (cargo scale) , . 21. M (transverse metacentre) ( -). 22. h (metacentric height (GM) () ( ) . 23. (cross curves of stability) ­ . 24. (l) (curves of form stability arm) . 25. () (angle of flooding) , , (, , , ..). 26. (angle of repose) , «» . . .1 ( ) ( ) 0,98...1,08 1,26...1,53 1,56...1,70 1,42...1,72 0,55 1,80 1,60 1,00...1,20 37 32...33 34...35 15 35 16...38

63

16...45

0,40...0,47 0,35...0,80 0,43 0,60...0,90 1,70 0,36...0,40 0,42...0,47 0,47 0,70 0,56 1,30...1,60 0,71...0,77 0,36 0,42 1,30...1,80 0,25...0,35 0,33 0,34...0,46 0,90...1,00 0,91...1,02 0,80

40...45 30...61 35...38 34...36

28 45...50 35 28...45 40 42

42...50 38 40...50 40 35...40 30

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62 . .1

11 5. , . , . , , . . . : , () ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ( , , , ..), - . , . , , .. ,

-

( ) () -

, ³/ - 0,55...0,60 0,70...0,90 0,55...0,60 1,30...1,50 0,60...0,65 0,70...1,00 1,90...3,35 0,55...0,70 0,50

, 30...40

30...33

45 20...30 30 32

1,50 0,70...0,90 0,60...0,80 1,26...1,49 1,28...1,48 1,23...1,33 1,19...1,37 1,10...1,41 1,33...1,47 1,18...1,27 1,80...2,25 2,50...2,55

17...38 16...38 17...38 17...38 33...41

60

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12 , . , , , () . , . , , , , , . , -, , -, . . , . . . . , , . , . . : 1) , ; 2) ; 3) , ; 4) , ; 5) ; .1

61

1,47...1,59 0,70...0,90 3,20...3,60 2,80...3,10 2,80...3,00 1,30...1,50 2,10...4,30 1,56...1,70 1,13...1,30 4,00...4,50 0,20...0,25 0,70...0,90 1,30...1,70 2,55...2,63 1,90...2,30 . - , 10% , 8...10% .

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60 .1 , , - - - 1,40...1,70 0,40 0,51...0,57 1,42...1,56 1,50...1,70 0,20...0,28 2,36 2,10 0,85 0,70 5,66...6,37 0,37...0,53 1,40...1,47 1,98 0,48...0,50 1,73 1,60 1,25...1,33 1,13...1,40 0,28...0,34 0,30...0,70 1,27 1,08...1,13 1,27...1,42 1,42...1,56 1,95 2,00 2,72...4,81 5,50...5,70 2,55 0,45...1,40 0,30...0,33 1,45...1,72 1,00...1,10 1,30...1,42 1,36...1,42 2,00...2,55 1,56...2,12

13 6) , . . . . .

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14 6. 1966 , . . . , () 28 1 , , , , (- ) 1 . , . , , , , ( ) . , . : = lim + ­ , (6.1) .1 - : () , 1,40...1,56 1,70 1,90 1,40...1,45 1,70...1,76 1,30...2,00 2,00...2,90 2,06...2,46 1,50...1,70 2,26...2,41 2,01...2,21 1,81...1,90 1,92...2,26 1,42...1,87 1,80 1,96 0,65...0,86 2,25...6,37 1,27 1,76...1,80 1,25 1,40...1,70 2,50 1,76 ­ 1,98 1,67 ­ 1,72 1,36...1,84 2,40 1,70...2,00 1,40 1,70 1,67 1,70 1,70...1,98 0,28 0,34 1,27 1,80...2,30

59

lim ; , , , , ; , .

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58 . .1

15 , , : = qx t tx + qct t tct, = qx tx + qct tct, , , , ³/ 1,20...1,30 1,10...1,30 1,92 2,55...2,70 3,4 1,78 3,96...4,25 2,55 2,60...2,83 1,81 1,70...2,00 2,26 2,80 1,20...1,40 1,98...2,26 0,40 0,43...0,51 1,76...1,80 1,96 2,26 1,36...1,70 1,81...2,12 1,54...1,70 1,40...1,65 1,84 1,42...1,70 2,10 1,36...1,47 1,27...1,50 1,22...1,44 : qx t, qx , /; qct t, qct , /; tx, tct , . : tct = P/Mcc + t + P/M´cc + t´, : tx = Ln/24Vcp ­ t, (6.4) (6.3) (6.2)

: :

: P ; Mcc, M´cc , /; t, t´ ( , ..) , ; Ln , ; Vcp , ; t , . , , , , . () , 20 % , . : ) . , 3...5%. 30° . 10%. -

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16 15%. 30% ( ). ) . 20%. 10%. ( 40° N) 20%. : 30° N 5%; 30°N...40°N 30%; 40°N...50°N ­ 35%; 50°N 40%; ) : 15° N 15%; 15°N...30°N 10%: 30°N 35%. 1966 (. . , () - (), , , 2 , . 4...6 % . , , : = qx t tx (1+ ), (6.5) LUBR.OIL: M.E. circulation lub. 15,0 CUB.M. M.E.Cylinder oil 3,8 CUB.M. Ax. circulation lubrication 1,0(tins) CUB.M. Hydraulic cargo gear CUB.M. Turbochargers oil CUB.M. Stering gear 1,0(+tins) CUB.M. FRESH WATER (DRINKING) 10,0 CUB.M. FRESH WATER (WASHING) 70,0 CUB.M. DAYLY CONSUMPTION UNDER WAY FUEL OIL GASOIL 4,2 LUBR.OIL M.E. Cir. Lub. 0,09 M.E.Cyl. oil 0,08 Ax. Circ. Lub. 0,03 FRESH WATER 3,0 PORT/ANCHORAGE: 1,0. 0,01. 2,5.

57

, = 5%: = 9,5 / 6,75 (1+ 0,05) = 67,3 ; : = KiLi/Li, (6.6)

: i ; Li . , : = ­ ( + + + + ), (6.7) : - , , ;

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56 SHIP'S PARTICULARS (VESSEL NO 2) TYPE OF VESSEL GENERAL CARGO. MAIN ENGINE DIESEL SKODA 627,5 A2L 2x515 kW. MAX CREW 20 PERSONES. GRT 2457. NRT 1010. DWT 3261 MT. DWCC 3000 MT. LOA 113.80 M. LBP 110.00 M. BREADTH 13.00 M. SUMMER DRAFT 3.63 M. MOULDED DEPTH 5.50 M. FREE BOARD (SUMMER) 1860 MM. SPEED IN CARGO/IN BALLAST 9,0/10,0 KNOTS. HOLDS/HATCH DIMENSIONS: GRAIN/BALE CAPACITY M.CUB/M.TONS ====================================================== NO1 24.90 X 16 X 9 17.90 X 9.75 1102/1102/979. NO2 38.50 X 19 X 8,5 30.30 X 9.75 1211/1211/1227. NO3 24.50 X 15 X 8,5 18.40 X 9.75 1211/1211/1227. NO4 20,30 X 9,52 X 5,80 1178/1178/1188. TOTAL M.CUB: 4702/4702. SHAPE OF HOLDS: B/C WITH TOP AND BOTTOM SIDE TANKS DECK CARGO SWINGING DERRICKS NIL. HATCHCOVERS: MAC GREGOR HATCH COVERS. LOADING DES. TANKTOP 5,5 t/sq.m. MAINDECK t/sq.m. PONTOON 1,75 t/sq.m. GARBAGE COLLECTION FACILITIES 0,8 CUB.M. SEWAGE COLLECTION TANK 9,0 CUB. M. OILY BILGE WATER TANK 15 CUB.M. SLUDGE TANK NIL CUB.M. SCAVENGE DRAIN TANK 0,2 CUB.M. BALLAST 3638,2 CUB.M.(use 1874,2). FUEL OIL IFO (IFO-100) CUB.M. DIESEL OIL MGO 108,0 CUB.M.

17 , ; , , ; , . 150 /); ( 3 / ) ; , . 6.1. , , (W), () (). () , 1 . < , > . (³/), , : = W/, (6.8)

: W (³), .. , . : . , , , : = W/ (). (6.9)

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18 7. (Vm) : Vm = l b h, (7.1) FUEL OIL IFO (IFO-100) 663,4 CUB.M. DIESEL OIL MGO 196,0 CUB.M. LUBR.OIL: M.E. circulation lub. 14,0 CUB.M. M.E.Cylinder oil 2,0 CUB.M. Ax. circulation lubrication 8,0 CUB.M. Hydraulic cargo gear 0,5(+tins) CUB.M. Turbochargers oil (+tins) CUB.M. Stering gear 1,0(+tins) CUB.M. FRESH WATER 230,0 CUB.M. DAYLY CONSUMPTION UNDER WAY PORT/ANCHORAGE: FUEL OIL 6,0 (if boil. +0,6). GASOIL 2,5(2 AE) 1,2. LUBR.OIL M.E. Cir. Lub. 0,12 M.E.Cyl. oil 0,1 Ax. Circ. Lub. 0,04 0,02. FRESH WATER 4,5 4,0.

55

l, b, h , , . (um) , ./: um = Vm / g. (7.2)

, , : V = V. (7.3)

0,785; 0,88...0,98. , : = 0,2618 (2 + ( d/D)². : = 0,5236 (8+4(d/D) +3(d/D)²), (7.5) (7.4)

d D ­ . (V) ( Vm), . : = V/(Vm). (7.6)

, . = 1,1...1,3.

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54 . SHIP'S PARTICULARS (VESSEL NO 1) TYPE OF VESSEL GENERAL CARGO. MAIN ENGINE DIESEL ITO M558. HUS-MER, 4926 Kw. MAX CREW 25 PERSONES. GRT 6941. NRT 3601. DWT 12062 MT. DWCC 11680 MT. LOA 128.77 M. LBP 120.00 M. BREADTH 19.80 M. SUMMER DRAFT 8.214 M. MOULDED DEPTH 10.50 M. FREE BOARD (SUMMER) 2286 MM. SPEED IN CARGO/IN BALLAST 10,0/11,0 KNOTS. HOLDS/HATCH DIMENSIONS: GRAIN/BALE CAPACITY M.CUB/M.TONS ====================================================== NO1 24.90 X 16 X 9 17.90 X 9.75 3854/3744/3172. NO2 38.50 X 19 X 8,5 30.30 X 9.75 6331/6224/5205. NO3 24.50 X 15 X 8,5 18.40 X 9.75 3950/3873/3303. TOTAL M.CUB: 14134/13842. SHAPE OF HOLDS: B/C WITH TOP AND BOTTOM SIDE TANKS DECK CARGO SWINGING DERRICKS: 4 X 10 MT. HATCHCOVERS: PONTOON TYPE. LOADING DES. TANKTOP 8,5 t/sq.m. MAINDECK 2,5 t/sq.m. PONTOON 2,3 t/sq.m. GARBAGE COLLECTION FACILITIES 0,8 CUB.M. SEWAGE COLLECTION TANK 8,0 CUB. M. OILY BILGE WATER TANK 81,9 CUB.M. SLUDGE TANK 10,3 CUB.M. L.O. SLUDGE TANK 0,2 CUB.M. F.O. SLUDGE TANK 0,3 CUB.M. TOTAL VOLUME 11,0 CUB.M. SCAVENGE DRAIN TANK 0,2 CUB.M. BALLAST 3638,2 CUB.M.(use 1874,2).

19 - : = Ki Kq Kg. (7.7)

l, b, h I, q, g: Ki = L/ l = 1 + i/l; Kq= B/ b= 1 + q/b; Kg= H/ h= 1 + g/h; (7.8)

L, B, H , , . : = 1 + i/l + q/b + g/h. (7.9)

1,4...1,6 , . ( 3/) , 1 : = W/; (7.10)

W , .; , . , , . () , : = W/Vm. (7.11)

, -

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20 , , . , (N) , : N = W/Vm. (7.12)

L 80 0 23830 31224 1 24520 32048 40732 50611 61718 2 25220 32863 41666 51665 62897 3 25935 33691 42612 52733 64089 4 26659 34530 43568 53812 65294 5 27394 35381 44538 54904 66511 6 28142 36243 45520 56008 67741 7 28900 37117 46512 57126 68741 8 29669 38002 47520 58225 70289

53 . L²³bp .1 L²³bp

9 30450 38901 48538 59396 71509

fm f = fm . (7.13)

, W : Q = W/f. (7.14)

90 100 39811 110 49568 120 60551 130 72790 140 86316 150 101160 160 117350 170 134905 180 153862 190 174233

74088 75391 76711 78044 79391 80750 82122 83506 84904 87741 89178 90630 92094 95573 96063 96657 98084 99616 102719 104290 105874 107473 109084 110711 112349 114002 115667 119042 120748 122470 124208 125954 127718 129494 131283 133088 136738 138583 140446 142318 144208 146110 148027 149958 151901 170043 172132 191571 193803 214561 216940

.

155834 157819 159824 161833 163870 165919 167973 176347 178480 180626 182785 184957 187150 189353 200 196052 198313 200391 202881 205187 207595 209840 212193 210 219331 221744 224166 226606 229060 231531 234013 236516

239029 241557 220 244101 246661 249236 251826 254431 257052 259687 262337 265003 267682 230 270878 273092 275817 278561 281320 284092 286880 289681 292503 295339

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20- . 6 . 19,2

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24 :

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V = L b h; : b , ; h , . , , .., , , .. : Fn N= (l + p) (b + p)

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