Read enewsletter_csit_2012jan.pdf text version

Volume: 1.0 No.1 31 January 2012


1. Dean's Message 2. HoD's Message

3. Events 4. Student Corner 5. Staff Corner 6. Articles

EDITORIAL BOARD Editor in Chief Mr. R.Dileep Kumar, Assistant Professor Senior Editor Dr.W.Jeberson Associate professor Associate Editors Mr.P.Stanley Assistant Professor Mrs.Klinsega Jeberson Assistant Professor


Department of Computer Science & IT Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agriculture Technology and Sciences

(Deemed to be University) Allahabad, UP, India-211007

Bi-Annual (January & July) Phone: 0532-2684285 Email: [email protected] Website:

Dear Friends Greetings to all in the name of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. We would like to take the privilege to thank the Lord Almighty for blessing us to develop an enewsletter for the department of Computer Science & Information Technology. Our sincere thanks to Prof.R.B.Lal, Vice Chancellor & Prof.S.B.Lal, Pro. Vice Chancellor, SHIATS, for providing the platform for us to work in this prestigious institution and their motivation for the growth of our department. We are grateful to Prof.H.Shepherd, Dean, Shepherd School of engg. & Technology for his encouragement and support for releasing this e-newsletter. We wish to express our deep sense of gratitude to Prof.(Col.) Gurmit Singh, Head, Deptt. of Computer Science & Information Technology. His constant words of encouragement, constructive criticisms and timely suggestions have been of immense help to us to prepare this e-newsletter. We are extremely thankful for his kind support. Also we would like to take the opportunity to thank all the faculty/staff/students who worked directly or indirectly to release this issue of e-newsletter. This is our first e-newsletter. We plan to cover news related to all aspects of the Departmental of Computer Science & Information Technology and of SHIATS. This was a great dream of all the faculty members of the Department of Computer Science and Information Technology. We regret any errors which may have crept into this e-newsletter. We do invite articles, puzzles, news regarding the latest advancements and achievements in the field of ICT and scientific news capsules from interested candidates. Hope this issue may be useful for the readers. In future, we will try to improve the newsletter based on the valuable suggestions provided by the readers. We wish you all a HAPPY NEW TEAR Editorial Board


A 3 days training programme on was organized by the department Hello Friends, of Computer Science and I.T for the non-teaching staff of SHIATS, from I am delighted to know that now an e-News Letter is being started by Chess tournament Department of Computer Science & IT w.e.f. January 2012 which was A chess tournament was organized in the Shepherd school of engineering and hope this activity will be a useful long over-due. I technology under the supervision of exercise and we will be able to interact with each other in a better mode. On this occasion I am remembering the students of first batch(2001) who came to me and enquired whether the university will provide adequate infrastructure for the students of Engineering and Technology. I gave them full assurance that soon we will have separate College of Engineering where many other branches of Engineering will flourish and grow together for the service of the nation. So, today that dream has come true. We have a full-fledged School of Engineering where UG, PG and PhD programmes are being offered in five disciplines. The student strength of the school is around two thousand. You will be glad to learn recently that SHIATS had it's seventh convocation on 30 th November 2011, i.e., with a short span of ten years. I invite you to visit the Alma Mater and keep in touch with your teachers and friends through this enews letter. We will love to publish the interesting news we receive from you, particularly news related to your professional activities and achievements. SSET is also offering consultancy services in various fields, so your organization can take the benefit of this programme in consultation with the concerned HODs. You can also help your Alma Mater by arranging training programme for our final year students and help alumni. We are also planning to sign MOUs with premier industries and organizations for exchange-training programmes etc. In hope you will now continue to remain in touch with us. I congratulate the Head of Department of Computer Science for taking a leading role in organizing with a team consisting of Mr.Dileep kumar, Dr.W.Jeberson, Mr.P.Stanley and Mrs.Klinsega to publish the e-News letter regularly. Wishing you a Happy & Prosperous New Year. Yours Prof.H.Shepherd, Dean, Shepherd School of Engineering Technology, SHIATS


Dear Friends, `Genius is one percent inspiration and ninety nine percent perspiration' is a timeless quote by Dr. Thomas Alva Edison. Real success, most of the time, comes from a long and hard journey from imagination to impact. With a great history and many academic achievements in Agriculture and allied disciplines, our university is heading towards many more milestones in the near future. Today the university offers programmes in agriculture, engineering, management, pharmacy, biotechnology to produce intellectuals in diverse fields. The Shepherd School of Eng. & Tech. offers Ph.D./P.G/U.G programmes in Computer Science & Eng., Electrical Engg., Electronics & Communication Engg., Mechanical Engg., Civil Eng. Recognizing importance of ICT education in the contemporary world, the Department Of Computer Science and Information Technology was started in the year 1999 by the vision of Rev.Prof. (Dr) R.B.Lal. I have the privilege of heading the department since its inception. The faculty of the Department has defined our vision and objectives and is striving hard to achieve them. Apart from regular programmes like M.Tech, M.Sc, MCA, B.Tech, BCA with Computer Science & Information Technology as specialization, our department is imparting knowledge on ICT to all other programmes offered in the university. I am very pleased to introduce an e-newsletter from Department of Computer Science with an aim to provide a platform for faculty and students to publicize the recent advancements in Computer Science & I.T., to highlight the various activities held in the Department and to share their views. Moreover it is hoped, this initiative will motivate the students to participate in various events and to get guidance on career planning etc. In the months to come we shall see many more activities and achievements. I offer my best wishes on the launch of this laudable venture. Wishing you a Happy New Year.

Prof.(Col.) Gurmit Singh, Associate Dean, Shepherd School of Engineering Technology, SHIATS Head, Head, Department of Computer Science & Information Technology.


Chess tournament

A chess tournament was organized in Shepherd School of Engineering and Technology on 26-1111, at the school library, under the supervision of Prof.V.C.Agarwal, Chairman, Sports committee, SSET, SHIATS. The event was coordinated by Er.R.Paulus, Mr.P.Stanley, Mr.R.Dileep Kumar, Mr.Byju John. All together 16 students participated with courage and sportive spirit. The final match was held between Druv and Sobhit and Druv a student of BTech. Civil Engg. won the final defeating Sobhit in 13 minutes Training Programme for Non-teaching staff A three days training programme for the nonteaching staff of SHIATS, on `Computer Literacy' was organized by the Non-Teaching Staff empowering Committee of the department of computer science and I.T, from 28th November to 3rd December ,which was eagerly attended by staff from various other departments. The program was coordinated by Er.Prateek Singh, Mr.Indresh B. Rajwadae, Mr. S.P. Mishra and Mr.J.S.Mishra. The programme was a great success in training the participants empowered with the fundamental knowledge of computers and internet. Certificates were issued to the candidates who attended the programme.

Workshop A two days workshop on "Data Communications and Computer Network Security" was organized by the Department of Computer Science& I.T in association with Computer Society of India, from 10th to 11th December 2011. The program was organized by Convener : Er. Ajendra Isaacs, Co Conveners : Dr. W.Jeberson and Er.S.K.Yadav, Exec. Committee members :,Er.H.M.Singh, Er. R.Yadav, Er. P.Singh, Er.N.K. Gupta, Mrs.Mudita Srivastava, Mr. Sanjay T.Singh, Er.Arun Kr. Shukla & Mr.Arun Kr. Pandey Treasurer: Er. Archana Singh. It was a great event which gave information regarding the latest research and developments in the field of Data Communication and computer network security to students as well as Faculty members.



TOPPERS: The following students of the Department received Gold and Silver Medals on 7th Convocation of Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agriculture Technology & Sciences, Deemed to be University held on 30th December 2011: Gold Medal


Silver Medal


Ph.D. AWARDED: The following received Doctor of Philosophy in Computer Science in the 7th Convocation held on 30th December 2011: Sl. ID No./Name of Candidate No. 03PHCOSCOO3 1. 2. 3. 4.


Thrust Area E-Governance Software Engineering Software Quality Management Expert System

PLACEMENT : Students of our department got placement in various companies and organizations in various parts of our country and abroad. Following are the students who got selected by ZEP Infratech Ltd. on 11th January 2012. The placement drive was organized by Career Planning and Counselling Centre, SHIATS.

Sl. No.

1. 2. 3.

ID. Number

08BTCSE043 08BTCSE046 08BTCSE048

Students name



B.Tech. Computer Science & Engg. B.Tech. Computer Science & Engg. B.Tech. Computer Science & Engg.



AWARDS: Dr. W. Jeberson, Associate Professor,Department of Computer Science & Information Technology was awarded Ph.D. in Computer Science & Communication on the title "Secure online payment system for G2C service delivery models in India" under the guidance of Prof. (Col.) Gurmit Singh, Associate Dean SSET & Head Department of Computer Science & Information Technology on the 7th Convocation of Sam Higginbottom Institute of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, University held on 30th November 2011. PUBLICATIONS: Dr.W.Jeberson, Prof. (Col.). Gurmit Singh. and Dr. G. P. Sahu. (2011) published a paper titled "Analysis of Security measures implemented on G2C online payment systems in India" on MIT International Journal of Computer Science & Information Technology Vo1.(1) ISSN 2230 ­ 763X (Online Version) ISSN: 2230 ­ 7621 (Print Version). FACULTY SEMINAR: 1. Dr. W. Jeberson, Associate Professor gave a seminar on the title "RFID Technology: Implementation & Application" on 24th March, 2011. 2. Mrs. Tulika, Assistant Professor gave a seminar on the title "Information Dissemination in Vehicular Ad Hoc Network using Publish/ Subscribe Middleware" on 19th April, 2011. 3. Miss. Ruchika M. Daniel, Assistant Professor gave a seminar on the title "Signcryption" on 27th May, 2011. 4. Er. Raghav Yadav, Assistant Professor gave a seminar on the title "p-Cycles based survivability of Transport Networks" on 6th June, 2011 5. Er. Ajendra Isaacs, Assistant Professor gave a seminar on the title "Role of ICT in Indian Agiculture" on 22nd July, 2011. 6. Er. Prateek Singh, Assistant Professor gave a seminar on the title "Security in Electronic Transactions (SET)" on 23rd August, 2011. 7. Er. Sanjay Kr. Yadav, Assistant Professor gave a seminar on the title "An Abstract View of Replication in Distributed System and Database" on 28th September, 2011. 8. Er. H. M. Singh, Assistant Professor gave a seminar on the title "An Adaptive Scheme for FaultTolerant Scheduling of Soft Real Time Systems" on 25th October, 2011. 9. Mr. P. Stanley, Assistant Professor gave a seminar on the title "Biometric Smart Card Technology: Implementation and its Applications" on 23rd November 2011. 10.Er.N.K.Gupta, Assistant Professor, gave a Seminar on the Title "Cloud Computing" on 10th January 2012. PROMOTIONS IN THE DEPARTMENT OF COMPUTER SCIENCE & I. T: 1. Dr. W. Jeberson was promoted as Associate Professor on 12th August 2011. 2. Mrs.Amita Jaiswal was promoted as Teaching Associate on 23rd March 2011 NEW APPOINMENTS: 1. Er.Arun Kr. Shukla was appointed as Assistant Professor and he joined the duty on 23 Sept 2011 2. Er.Vineet Biswal was appointed as Teaching Assistant and he joined the duty on 18 August 2011


Green Computing

Dr.W.Jeberson Associate Professor Dept. of Computer Science & I.T

Introduction Green Computing or Green IT refers to the study and the efficient use of eco friendly computing. It refers to the environmentally responsible use of computers and its related resources. Green computing includes the implementation of best practices, such as energy efficiency of central processing units (CPUs), peripherals, servers and other components. Moreover, these products are designed to minimize energy expenditure and minimize maintenance activities throughout the life of the product. Green computing is very much related to other similar movements like reducing the use of environmentally hazardous materials like CFCs, promoting the use of recyclable materials, minimizing use of non-biodegradable components, and encouraging use of sustainable resources. Brief History One of the first manifestations of the green computing movement was the launch of the Energy Star program back in 1992 by U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Energy Star served as a kind of voluntary label awarded to computing products that succeeded in minimizing use of energy while maximizing efficiency. Energy Star applied to products like computer monitors, television sets and temperature control devices like refrigerators, air conditioners, and similar items. This resulted in the widespread adoption of sleep mode among consumer electronics. Concurrently, the Swedish organization TCO Development launched the TCO Certification program to promote low magnetic and electrical emissions from CRT-based computer displays; this program was later expanded to include criteria on energy consumption, ergonomics, and the use of hazardous materials in construction. Goals The goals of green computing are similar to green chemistry; reduce the use of hazardous materials, maximize energy efficiency during the product's lifetime, and promote the recyclability or biodegradability of defunct products and factory waste. Research continues into key areas such as making the use of computers as energy-efficient as possible, and designing algorithms and systems for efficiency-related computer technologies. Green Computing Practices In order to gain the environmental sustainability and efficient use of energy through computing four main paths may be taken. 1.Green Use - Using the computers and other related products in an efficient manner where the energy consumption is minimized. 2.Green Disposal - Reusing old computers, properly disposing and recycling other unwanted products. 3.Green Design - Designing energy efficient and environmentally friendly computers and accessories. 4.Green Manufacturing ­ Manufacturing computers and other related equipments in a way that they have a minimal effect on the environment. These four steps can be further spanned in to number of activities and areas like: Efficient use of energy, Power saving, Server virtualization, Environmental sustainable designing, Responsible disposal and recycling, Risk mitigation, Use of renewable energy sources, Use of Green methodologies and assessment tools.


Green Computing Tips Power down the computer if the inactive time period is extending. Use LCD monitors rather than CRT monitors. If you are going away from computer for a short time period turn off the monitor. Adjust the power management of the computer to turn off the hard drive and stand by the system after a certain amount of time period. Unplug all the unnecessary equipments from the computer. (additional fans and drivers, additional CD ROMs) Switch off cable modems and Wi-Fi access points when they are not used. Use laptops. They use less power than a desktop computer. Choose Intel or VIA processors. They use less power than AMD processors Print as less as possible. Save information on disks instead of printing. Plan to do your computer related activities at a time when you can do them at once. Keep it off at other times. Use a small monitor. A 14 inch monitor consumes 40% less power than 17 inch monitor. Give up screen savers. They don't save the energy of the screens. Use ink jet printers. Though their quality of printing is a bit lower than laser printers, they consume 80% to 90% less energy. Choose dark backgrounds in the display. Bright colour displays consume more power. Reduce the light level of the room when you are using the computer Future Directions of Green Computing Turns 1 computer into 10 - Discover Station: Userful Inc. ( which is a Canadian Company has come up with a solution which uses the unused computing power of modern PC's. Thus multiple users can work on one computer connecting up to 10 monitors, mice and keyboards. Energy efficient and toxic free technologies: CRT monitors which emit toxic radiation are now eliminated by most of the manufactures. They have been replaced with LCD monitors. But it is not completely free of toxic materials. Therefore new energy efficient and cost effective technologies like OLED may be able to replace those LCD monitors. E-link and IMOD are other monitor related technologies that can be used in future. Energy efficiency: The future nano computer chip will be three or four times smaller in size and remarkably faster than the existing chips. Another idea is controlling the power needed for the computer to work with keystrokes, mouse movements etc. Carbon Free Computing: The aim of the VIA is to offer world's first carbon free computer. The move towards the carbon free computing also leads to solar power computing. Recycling: Desktop manufactures will reuse or recycle all the parts of the computers without any wastage. Also networking all the several old computers into one processing unit enabling it to be accessed by several small computers, this is another way of reusing them. Conclusion Green Computing is a practice of using computer equipments efficiently. Main consideration of the green products and the services is people, planet and profit. As individuals, every one can practice Green methods in our home environment. The green computing should start from our home itself. Computers can be used in a way which energy is optimized and the resources are optimally utilized. References


The Indian I.T. from Past to Present

Er.Arun Kumar Shukla Assistant Professor Dept. of Computer Science & I.T

1956-1965: The Beginning India gets first digital computer. Vikram Sarabhai sets up the Operations Research Group. IIT Kanpur starts computer science education. 1956: The first digital computer comes to India, as the Indian Statistical Institute in Kolkata installs a Hollerith Electronic Computer, HEC-2M, brought from England. It handled a number of scientific problems from all across the country including trajectory analysis for artillery cannons for the Defense. It was in fact, the first computer brought to Asia, outside of Japan. 1958: ISI installs the URAL digital computer brought from Russia with a grant from United Nations Technical Assistance Board (UNTAB). Both HEC-2M and URAL were used by ISI till 1964 when IBM installed the 1401. 1962: The Defense Ministry sets up a Computer Centre under Major General Balasubrahmanian (then only a major) from the Army Signal Corps; he is also appointed technical secretary of the Advisory Group on Computers in Defense. 1963: Under the guidance of the eminent economist, John K Galbraith, IIT Kanpur becomes the first institute in India to start Computer Science education on an IBM 1620 system, then a novelty even in many North American and European universities. · Following the Chinese War, the Government feels the need for a strong indigenous electronics base for security and national development. Electronics Committee under the Chairmanship of Dr Homi J Bhaba is set up 1965: The Computer Society of India (CSI) founded in Hyderabad with Prof. R Narsimhan as the Founding President and Major General Balasubrahmanian, as the Founding Secretary. The first CSI Convention is organized in Kolkata. 1966-1975: Committees and Bodies Tata Group buys mainframe, computing starts in IIT-Bombay with Minsk II. 1967: ECIL set up in Hyderabad with Dr A S Rao as the Founding MD. · 10 Honeywell computers installed at the Department of Statistics, Cabinet Secretariat. · Computing starts in IIT Bombay with the arrival of the Minsk II computer. Prof J R Isaac spearheaded the initial efforts in setting up the Computer Center.

1968: The National Conference on Electronics convened by the Electronics Committee wherein Vikram Sarabhai suggests the formation of a National Informatics Organization. 1969: IBM 1401 installed at Planning Commission under a grant from Ford Foundation. · Number of computers installed in India crosses 100. 1971: Electronics Commission constituted in February in Bombay under the Chairmanship of Prof MGK Menon. · The Information, Planning and Analysis Group (IPAG) of the Electronics Commission constituted in October in Bombay, with Dr N Seshagiri as its Director. 1973: FERA regulations enacted by Indira Gandhi, it would ultimately cause the fracas leading to IBM's exit from India. 1976-1985: The Big Blue Impact IBM exits India. Shiv Nadar makes history with BCL. Narayana Murthy launches Infosys. NIIT comes into existence. India's first IT publicationDataquest launched. First multilingual word processing system commissioned. Indira Gandhi invites Sam Pitroda set up C-DOT.Wipro enters computers. South Eastern Railway in Calcutta gets computerized. Unix hits the country. 1976: The youngest head DCM DP's history, Shiv Nadar quits and with six ther friends starts Microcomp with a capital base of Rs. 1.751akh. The company is rechristened Hindustan Computer Ltd and history is made. 1977 : National Informatics Center set up with UNDP assistance, Dr N Seshagiri is director general. 1980: Azim Premji makes Wipro enter into IT with India's first computers. 1981: NR Narayana Murthy, a software professional working with Patni Computer Systems in Bombay, launches a data center called Infosys in a Pune garage with six friends for Rs 10,000. · Rajendra Pawar, Vijay Thadani and S Rajendran start NIIT from humble beginnings in Safdarjung; it later becomes synonymous with computer training in the country. · India's first computerized coronary care unit for automatic monitoring of heart attack patients set up at the Lohia Hospital in Delhi. · St. Columbas School, New Delhi becomes the country's first school to acquire a computer.


1983: Dy Governor of RBI appointed as the Chairman of the Rangarajan Committee, formed to advise the government on the computerization roadmap for nationalized banks. 1984: New Computer Policy announced on November 19, days after Rajiv Gandhi assumes power. · Government launches the CLASS (Computer Literacy and Studies in Schools) project with much fanfare. · Indira Gandhi invites Sam Pitroda from the US to set up the Center for Development of Telematics (C-DOT). 1985: Rangarajan Committee Report on bank computerization is released, Stage I is to cover 2,500 branches and Stage II, 6,000 branches. 1986-1995: Framing Policies 1986: Government announces the first software policy on December 19. 1987: The entry of the MNCs through a host of tieups with Indian partners: Apollo through HCL, Bull through PSI Systems and DEC through Hinditron Computers. · Wipro becomes the first company to receive a DoE certificate for its products. 1988: NASSCOM is formed,thanks to the efforts of Harish Mehta, Saurabh Srivastava, Prakash Ahuja and Shashi Bhatnagar, with the aim to become a catalyst for the growth of a software-driven IT industry in the country. · Vijaya Bank becomes the first nationalized bank in the country to introduce ATMs. 1989: Jack Welch meets Sam Pitroda and Jairam Ramesh over a breakfast meeting and the seeds of offshore out-sourcing of software services to India were sown. 1990: India gets its first supercomputer as the CRAY XMP-14 is installed at the Department of Meteorology. · The UK- returned film-maker cum graphic designer Dewang Mehta is handpicked by Harish Mehta and appointed Executive Director of Nasscom. · N Vittal takes over from R Rajamani as DoE Secretary. He was instrumental in liberalization of the Indian computer industry. Reduction in telecom charges for satellite links, exemption from profit tax on software and services exports, zero excise rates from software sold were some of his recommendations. 1992: Return of the prodigal. IBM comes back to India via Tata Information Systems Ltd, a 50:50 JV with the Tata Group. 1993: Indian software professionals brought under the ambit ot the Immigration Act of 1990. Under the Act, they would have to pay social security taxes amounting to 21% to the US government.

1994: The National Telecom Policy, NTP-94, is announced. India's first national information highway is inaugurated. · Wipro sets up R&D center in the US; Infosys too opens a US subsidiary. · HCL HP delivers India's first Pentium machine. 1995: India's first cyber cafe opens at the Leela Kempinski in Mumbai. · Railway reservation system in India goes entirely online. · VSNL launches India's first full Internet service for public access, the Gateway Internet Access Service (GIAS). It was available immediately from Bombay, Delhi, Calcutta and Madras and subsequently Pune and Bangalore. · Apple Computer sets up a fully owned Indian subsidiary. · Union Cabinet approves the formation of TRAI. 1996-2005: Global Impact 1996: is launched by Ajit Balakrishnan and friends; it goes on to become India's premier dotcom. 1997: MNCs overtake local brands as Compaq and IBM replace HCL HP and Wipro as leading PC vendors. 1998: The National IT Task Force formed by the Government of India. Its 108 recommendations are accepted in a record time · C-DAC under Dr Vijay Bhatkar builds PARAM 1000, India's first indigenous supercomputer. 1999: Infosys becomes the first Indian company to get listed in the NASDAQ. 2001: Dewang Mehta passes away; Kiran Karnik takes over as Nasscom President. 2002: Nandan Nilekani takes over as Infosys CEO from Narayana Murthy. · Microsoft India kicks off Project Shiksha in schools. 2003: Bharti signs landmark IT outsourcing deal with IBM. · Wipro acquires Spectramind in the biggest BPO deal till date. 2004: Both Chandrababu Naidu and SM Krishna lose elections; a big disappointment for all pro-IT politicos, as the IT initiatives in the two states initially lose steam, best exemplified by the closing down of the Bangalore Action Task Force. Industry leaders concerned about Bangalore's deteriorating infrastructure. 2005: The image of Indian BPO takes a major hit as data theft scandals hit the country one after another- it started with Emphasis in Pune, continued with the Sun sting operation, then Intelenet and HSBC among others. · Wipro and TCS lead Indian companies on an acquisition spree across the world. ------------------


Save The Earth

"Only after the last tree has fallen. Only after the last river has been poisoned. Only after the last fish has been caught. Only then will we realize that money cannot be eaten."

Air is nothing but life, if polluted how can we survive ? Earth allows you to stand. Let it stand the way it is. Easier saving paper than planting trees. Heal the world! Make it a better place! Keep our forests green. Earth isn't disposable. Earth needs YOU. Keep our oceans blue. Make trees not tractors. Today's wastage is tomorrow's shortage. Better earth, better life, better tomorrow... Green revolution is the best solution to arrest pollution.


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