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Updating Linguistic Maps

Klaus Wedekind

SIL International 2002

2 Contents 1 Introduction 2 Languages, Regions, and Little-known Groups: Charting the Unknown 3 Maps 3.1 Overview: Sketch map of the regions 3.2 Overview: Sketch map of the languages 4 Key to the Language Map 5 Regional Maps 5.1 Region 4: "Oromo" 5.2 Region 6: "Beni Shangul" 5.3 Region 7: "Gurage/Hadiya/Kembata" 5.4 Region 8: "Sidama" 5.5 Region 9: "Wolaita" 5.6 Region 10: "Omo" 5.7 Region 11: "Keffa" 5.8 Region 12: "Gambella" 6 Key to the Language Names

3 1 Introduction In an attempt to reconcile current knowledge about Ethiopian languages with the maps available, Giorgio Banti (Rome) and I spent some time considering how best to update the 1993 version of the Ethnologue map.* The resulting suggestions for corrections can be summarized as follows. Missing in this version of the map: Agamja (G. Banti: a HEC language in the northern Gurage area; as identified by Haberland) Baiso: Region 8 (G. Banti: should be added) Dobbi as reported by S. Gardner and M. Kruse should be identified with Goggot (information from Alemayehu Gurmu) Galila at Lake Wonch'i (a form "Gurage"? to be added, as identified by Haberland) Girirra near El Kene as described by Abdurrahim (G. Banti: "a Sam language with extensive lexical borrowing from Somali and some Oromo") Guba, a form of Shinasha (probably differs only ethnographically) Kichinchila north of Buttajira (as reported in the newspapers; but when Aklilu Yilma searched for speakers of such a language during the last survey trip, the search was fruitless) Mabaan (probably no community of speakers on this side of the Sudan border) Maraqo (G. Banti: a HEC language in the eastern Gurage area) Qabena should be identified on the map Shashago (G. Banti: another HEC language in eastern Gurage areas, needs to be checked out) Shita, a Koman language also called Langa, Opo, or Opuo (by Abebe G/Tsadik) Weyt'o Amharic (Amharic as used by former Weyt'o speakers. Is this still of interest?) Other corrections which seem necessary: Bale and Zilmamu: only one name should be retained for this language; preferably "Baale", as suggested by Dimmendaal (cf. SLLE report 4). Errors in language locations and missing information need to be taken care of; in particular: the location of languages with the numbers 15, 16, 34, 36, 37, 50, 55­57 and all of the starred items (Adare, Bale, Bambeshi, Dembiya, Gaam, Ganjule, Ganza, Guba, Hozo-Sezo, Ongota, and Toposa). Majang is given four places on the map. If migrating or scattered speakers of each language were treated this way, the map would lose its usefulness. G. Banti asks: which is the main area? Multi-language areas such as Amharic, Arabic, and Oromo in Beni Shangul (or Me'en or Majang in various Keffa and Omo areas) may have to be indicated in a particular graphic pattern. Ongota/Birale (G. Bantil: add to Region 7.) Oromo dialects, if listed separately, should be labelled consistently. G. Banti suggests for this map: Southern (rather than Borana), Eastern, and Western (rather than Wellegga). But note that the dialect of Region 3 is called "Qottu" rather than "Eastern Oromo". *An earlier version of this report appeared in Survey of Little-known Languages of Ethiopia (S.L.L.E.). Linguistic

Report 13, January 1994. Addis Ababa: Institute of Ethiopian Studies and Summer Institute of Linguistics.

4 Resettlement areas, such as that of Wello Oromos to Beni Shangul, may have to be indicated in a particular graphic pattern. 2 Languages, Regions, and Little-known Groups: Charting the Unknown In this report, some of the common knowledge about Ethiopian languages has been sketched in the form of maps and lists. Where there are gaps in this knowledge, we have supplied guesses, in order to fill the gaps. This was done to make visible where we are in error, or where information is lacking. By delimiting the well-known, we hope to chart the unknown--and thus identify what needs corrections or closer research. In the next SLLE, we hope to improve on the sketches presented here, and the following procedure shall be chosen to do so: (1) The locations of the well-known languages shall be sketched with reference to geographical and administrative landmarks. Where no such landmarks are given, reference shall be made to administrative boundaries. (2) The sources for this information shall be spelled out, so that necessary additions can be identified. (In the present report, only the following sources have been used: The 1976 map of M. Bender et al., Language in Ethiopia, Oxford; the 1993 map of B. Grimes, Ethnologue, Dallas, (based on information of the 1988 edition, but with revisions for the 1996 edition), a map of regions or "Regions" as prepared by "Bole Printing Press", and some of the SLLE 1993 survey results, based on talks with linguists and administrators in Ethiopia.) (3) Where there are several names for the same language, all of the various names shall be listed with the one preferred name which is used most commonly today (cf. the Key to the language names). Where we are in doubt, the self-name of the group will be used. (4) Where there are several varieties or dialects of one language, all of the various dialects shall be listed with the preferred name (cf. the Key to the language names). (5) The locations of the little-known dialects and languages, those which are not found on common maps, shall be identified with reference to the well-known neighbouring languages-- where this is possible (cf. the Maps). (6) Uncertainties and complex situations will, hopefully, become obvious in the process, and they shall be pointed out and delimited (some of these are marked as "uncertainties"). Various kinds of uncertainties shall be distinguished: · "multi-language areas" where several languages are spoken in the same area, either by the same population, or by integrated populations · "fuzzy areas" where no geographical border can be identified from the sources available · "zero areas" where no location can be identified, but a language is said to exist · "errors" where we need corrections · "ignorance" where we need information. Your suggestions are welcome!

5 3 Maps Apart from an overview, this report only gives sketches of the following areas: part of Region 4, part of Region 6, and all of Regions 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12. 3.1 Overview: Sketch map of the regions

Region 01 Kunama (lg. map no. 61), Saho (lg. map no. 81), Tigre (lg. map no. 88) Region 02 Afar (lg. map no. 03) Region 03 Agew-Kamir/Xamir (lg. map no. 93), Amharic (lg. map no. 05), Awngi (lg. map no. 13), Oromo-Kottu/Oromo-Eastern (lg. map no.77)

6 Region 04 Oromo (lg. map nos. 76­78) Region 05 Somali (lg. map no. 86) Region 06 Berta/Berta-Gamila (lg. map nos. 19, 34), Gumuz (lg. map no. 41), Koma (lg. map nos. 55­57), Semien Mao/Bambeshi (lg. map no. 16), Shinasa/Boro (lg. map no. 21) Region 07 Allaba (lg. map no. 04), Gurage/Peripheral West (lg. map no. 47), North (lg. map no. 46), Innemor (lg. map no. 45), Indegegn (lg. map no. 44), East (lg. map no. 43), Central West (lg. map no. 42), Mesmes (lg. map no. 69), Hadiyya (lg. map no. 48), Kambaata/KambaataAllaaba (lg. map nos. 04, 53), Timbaro (lg. map no. ??) Yem/Yemsa (lg. map no. 96) Region 08 Amaro/Kore/Koorete (lg. map no. 59), Burji (lg. map no. 22), Gedeo (lg. map no. 38), Gidicho/Kachama (lg. map no.51), Sidamo (lg. map no. 85) Region 09 Aydi (lg. map no. ??), Busa (lg. map no. ??), Dawro (lg. map no. ??), Gamo (lg. map no. ??), Gewada/Gawwada (lg. map no. 37), Gidole/Dirasha (lg. map no. 29), Gobaze/Dobase (lg. map no. 31), Gofa (lg. map no. ??), Komso (lg. map no. 58), Konta/?Kullo (lg. map no. 60), M. ? Wolayatta (lg. map no. 92), Zayse (lg. map no. 97) Region 10 Aari (lg. map no. 01), Arbore (lg. map no. 11), Basketto (lg. map no. 16), Bodi/Me'en (lg. map no. 68), Daasenech (lg. map no. 24), Dime (lg. map no. 28), Gnangatom/Turkana (lg. map no. ??), Hamer-Banna/Karo (lg. map nos. 49, 54), Male (lg. map no. 67), Mursi (lg. map no. ??), Tsamai (lg. map no. 91) Region 11 Bench (lg. map no. 39), Chara (lg. map no. 23), Dizi (lg. map no. 30), Keficho/Kafa (lg. map no. 52), Meen (lg. map no. 68), Mocha(Shakaccho) (lg. map no. 70), Nao/Nayi (lg. map no. 72), Sheko (lg. map no. 83), Surma (lg. map no. 87), Zelmam/Zilmamu/Baale (lg. map nos. 15, 98) Region 12 Anuak (lg. map no. 07), Majangir (lg. map. no 66), Nuer (lg. map no. 74) Region 13 Adare (lg. map no. 02)

7 3.2 Overview: Sketch map of the languages (based on the map of B. Grimes ed. Ethnologue Dallas 1988 2nd revision for the 1996 edition)

8 4 Key to the Language Map 1 Aari 2 Adare 3 Afar 4 Allaaba 5 Amharic 6 Anfillo 7 Anuak 8 Arabic-Modern Standard 9 Arabic-Sudan 10 Arabic-Yemeni 11 Arbore 12 Argobba 13 Awngi 14 Baiso 15 Bale 16 Bambeshi 17 Basketo 18 Beja 19 Berta 20 Bilen 21 Boro 22 Chara 23 Burji 24 Daasenech 25 Dache 26 Dembiya 27 Didessa 28 Dime 29 Dirasha 30 Dizi 31 Dobase 32 Dorze 33 Gaam 34 Gamila 35 Ganjule 36 Ganza 37 Gawwada 38 Gedeo 39 Gimira 40 Guba > Ari-Aari > Aderi > Alaba > Mao-South > Agnuak

> Bayso > Zelmam-Baale > Mao-North

> Shinasha-Boro > Chare-Ch'ara

> Mao-North > Gidole > Gobeze

> Berta

> Gawada > Bench

9 41 Gumuz 42 Gurage-Central-West 43 Gurage-East 44 Gurage-Indegegn 45 Gurage-Innemor 46 Gurage-North 47 Gurage-West-Peripheral 48 Hadiyya 49 Hamer-Banna 50 Hozo-Sezo 51 Kachama 52 Kafa 53 Kambaata 54 Karo 55 Komo-Central 56 Komo-North 57 Komo-South 58 Komso 59 Koorete 60 Kullo 61 Kunama 62 Kunfal 63 Kwegu 64 Libido 65 Mabaan 66 Majang 67 Male 68 Me'en 69 Mesmes 70 Mocha 71 Murle 72 Nao 73 Nara 74 Nuer 75 Ongota 76 Oromo-Southern 77 Oromo-Eastern 78 Oromo-Western 79 Oyda 80 Qimant 81 Saho 82 Shabo

> Hadiya > Hamer > Mao-North-Hozo > Gidicho-Haruro > Keficho > Kembata > Hamer-Karo > Koma-Central > Koma-North > Koma-South > Konso > Amaro-Kore > Dawro-Wolaita-Kullo

> Majangir > Bodi-Me'en > Gurage-West-Peripheral

> Na'o > Nera

> Wolaita-Oyda

10 83 Sheko 84 Shita > Komo-Central 85 Sidamo > Sidama 86 Somali 87 Surma > Surma-Mursi 88 Tigre 89 Tigrinya 90 Toposa 91 Tsamai > Tsemai 92 Wolaytta > Wolaita 93 Xamir 94 Xamtanga 95 Yemsa > Yem-Yemsa 96 Zayse 97 Zilmamu > Zelmam-Baale 98 Zway > Gurage-East-Zway ______________________________ Questions: The following language names are not found on the map, or they are found under a different name. In most cases they are not listed for any of the Ethiopian "Regions": Amuru (alternative names: "Shinasha") (classified as: Afro-Asiatic, Omotic, North, GongaGimojan, Gonga, North) Dihina (alternative names: "Tihina, Tihinte") (classified as: Afro-Asiatic, Cushitic, Eastern, Dullay) Region: Gemu-Gofa Province, west of Lake Ciamo (Chamo) Gaba (alternative names: "Kaapo, Kaapa") (classified as: Afro-Asiatic, Cushitic, Eastern, Dullay) Region: Gemu-Gofa Province, west of Lake Ciamo Gafat (alternative names: "Gafatinya") (classified as: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, South, Ethiopian, South, Outer, n-Group) Region: South Blue Nile area Gamo (alternative names: "Gemu") Region: 09 (classified as: Afro-Asiatic, Omotic, North, Gonga-Gimojan, Gimojan, OmetoGimira, Ometo, Unclassified) Region: Gemu-Gofa Province

11 Geez (alternative names: "Ancient Ethiopic, Ethiopic, Ge'ez") (classified as: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, South, Ethiopian, North) Gergere (alternative names: "K'ark'arte") (classified as: Afro-Asiatic, Cushitic, Eastern, Dullay) Region: Gemu-Gofa Province, west of Lake Ciamo Gobato (alternative names: "Gebeto") (classified as: Nilo-Saharan, Berta) Region: Didessa Valley Gollango (alternative names: "Kollanko") (classified as: Afro-Asiatic, Cushitic, Eastern, Dullay) Region: Gemu-Gola Province, west of Lake Ciamo Gorose (alternative names: "Gorrose, Korrose") Region: 09-Gob (classified as: Afro-Asiatic, Cushitic, Eastern, Dullay) Region: Gemu-Gofa Province, west of Lake Ciamo Harso (classified as: Afro-Asiatic, Cushitic, Eastern, Dullay) Region: Gemu-Gofa Province, west of Lake Ciamo Kara (alternative names: "Koura, Quarasa, Quarina, Qwera, Kwarasa") (classified as: Afro-Asiatic, Cushitic, Central, Western) Region: Eritrea, Gondar, north of Lake Tana, and communities near Addis Ababa Mursi (alternative names: "Murzi, Murzu, Merdu, Meritu, Dama") Region: 10-Mursi (classified as: Nilo-Saharan, Eastern Sudanic, Eastern, Surmic, Kwegu, Suri) Region: Near the Amar Rer Bare (alternative names: "Rerebere, Adona") G. Banti: should be written Reer Baarre (classified as: Unclassified) Region: Wabi Shebelle River around Gode, eastern Ogaden, near Somali border Also along the Ganale and Dawa Rivers Wambera Region: 06-Shi (classified as: Afro-Asiatic, Omotic, North, Gonga-Gimojan, Gonga, [delete "Unclassified"]) Weyto (alternative names: "Wayto") (classified as: Unclassified) Near Lake Tana

12 5 Regional Maps 5.1 Region 4: "Oromo"

27

33a

Region 4 West

The group listed for Region 4, "Oromo", is: 78 Oromo

13 5.2 Region 6: "Beni Shangul"

Region 6

Groups listed for Region 6 "Ben-Shangul" are the following: 16 Mao-North 19 Berta 21 Shinasha > Shinasha-Boro 41 Gumuz 55 Komo > Koma-North

14 5.3 Region 7: "Gurage/Hadiya/Kembata"

Region 7

The groups listed for Region 7, "Gurage/Hadiya/Kembata", are the following: 04 Alaba 53 Kembata 42-47 Gurage (see below) 48 Hadiya > Hadiya-Timbaro (?) 48 Timbaro > Hadiya-Timbaro (?) 96 Yemsa > Yem

15 5.4 Region 8: "Sidama"

Region 8

The groups listed for Region 8, "Sidama", are the following: 22 Burji 38 Gedeo 51 Gidicho (Gidicho-Haruro-Kachama) 59 Amaro/Kore (Koorete) 85 Sidamo (Sidama)

16 5.5 Region 9: "Wolaita"

Region 9

The groups listed for Region 9, "Wolaita", are the following: 00 Aydi 00 Busa 00 Dawro 00 Gamo 31 Gobeze (Dobase) 00 Gofa 00 Konta 00 ?Meton 29 Gidole (Dirasha) 37 Gawada 58 Konso 92 Wolayta 97 Zayse

17 5.6 Region 10: "Omo"

Region 10

The groups listed for Region 10, "Omo", are the following: 00 Gnangatom (Turkana) 01 Ari 11 Arbore 17 Basketo 24 Dasenech (Daasanech) 28 Dime 49 Hamer (Hamer-Banna-Karo) 67 Male 68 Bodi (B'odi-Me'en) 87 Mursi (Surma-Mursi) 91 Tsemai

18 5.7 Region 11: "Keffa"

Region 11

The goups listed for Region 11, "Keffa", are the following: 22 Chare (Ch'ara) 30 Dizi 39 Bench 52 Keficho (Kafa) 68 Me'en (B'odi-Me'en) 70 Mocha (Shakaccho) 72 Na'o (Nayi) 83 Sheko 87 Surma (Surma-Mursi) 98 Zelmam (Zelmam-Bale)

19 5.8 Region 12: "Gambella"

Region 12

The groups listed for Region 12, "Gambella", are the following: 07 Agnuak 66 Majangir 74 Nuer

20 6 Key to the Language Names The following key indicates which term will be used to refer to a particular language or dialect . At this point, the list is just a reference tool. It does not distinguish between alternate names and dialects. This list definitely needs further revision. Alternate names Names used here or dialects ___________ ___________ Aamir Aari Abigar Acha Adal Adare Adika Af-Kareti Afan-Oromo Afaraf Agau Agewo Allaaba Amam Amar Amarinya Amarro Amir Anfillo Ansita Anuak Anyuak Anywa Ara Are Argobba Aro Arsi Arussi Assaorta Awi > Beja or Tigre > Ari/Aari > Nuer > Male > Afar > Aderi > Dizi? > Konso > Oromo > Afar > Awngi > Awngi > Alaba > Komo-North > Hamer > Amharic > Amaro/Kore > Beja or Tigre > Mao-South > Komo-Central > Agnuak > Agnuak > Agnuak > Ari/Aari > Ari/Aari > Amharic > Ari/Aari > Oromo > Oromo > Saho > Awngi

21 Awiya Aymasa Aymellel B'odi Ba'adu Baale Baaza Baazen Bacha Bachada Bachuma Bada Badittu Baiso Bake Bako Bale Baletha Balta Bambala Bambassi Bambeshi Bangalam Banna Bararetta Barea Barga Bariya Barka Barya Baza Bazen Bedauye Bedawiye Bedawiyet Bedw Begi-Mao Beir Bembala Ben-Shangul Benadir Bench-Non > Awngi > Kunama > Gurage-North > Bodi-Me'en > Afar > Zelmam-Baale > Kunama > Kunama > Kwegu-Yidinit > Amaro-Kore > Bodi-Me'en > Kunama > Amaro-Kore > Bayso > Berta > Ari-Aari > Zelmam-Baale > Zelmam-Baale > Wolaita > Burji > Mao-North > Mao-North > Murle > Hamer > Oromo > Nera > Mabaan > Nera > Kunama > Nera > Kunama > Kunama > Beja > Beja > Beja > Beja > Mao-Central > Murle > Burji > Berta > Somali > Bench

22 Bencho Benesho Beni-Amer Beni-Shangul Beshada Bilayn Bilin Bio Birale Bitaama Bitama Bodi Bogos Boran Borana Boren Boro Borodda Buldit Buma Bume Burun Bussa Bworo Ch'ara Chaha Chara Cheha Chencha Ciita Cule D'aashi Daarod Daasenech Daim Dama Damot Danakil Dangla-Agew Dankali Darasa Dathanaik > Bench > Bench > Beja or Tigre > Berta or Gumuz > Hamer > Bilen > Bilen > Ari-Aari > Ongota > Kunama > Kunama > Bodi-Me'en > Bilen > Oromo > Oromo > Oromo > Shinasha-Boro > Wolaita > Komo-Central > Gnangatom > Gnangatom > Mabaan > Busa > Shinasha-Boro > Chare-Ch'ara > Gurage-West-Central-Chaha > Chare-Ch'ara > Gurage-West-Central-Chaha > Wolaita > Komo-Central > Tsemai > Burji > Somali > Dasenech > Bodi-Me'en > Surma-Mursi > Awngi > Afar > Awngi > Afar > Gedeo > Dasenech

23 Dauro Dawro Denkel Derasa Desua Didessa Digil Digini Dirasha Dirayta Disoha Dizu Dobase Dobbi Dobeze Dobi Donyiro Donyoro Dorze Dullay Dume Endegegn Ener Ennemor Enneqor Enor Erbore Ezha Fadiro Falasha Felasha Gaba Gabra Galila Galla Gamil Gamila Gamu Ganta Ganzo Gardulla Garre > Dawro-Wolaita-Kullo? > Dawro-Wolaita-Kullo? > Afar > Gedeo > Gumuz > Mao-North > Somali > Somali > Gidole > Gidole > Gumuz > Dizi > Gobeze > Gurage-North-Goggot > Gobeze > Gurage-North-Goggot > Gnangatom > Gnangatom > Wolaita > Gawada etc. > Tsemai > Gurage-West-Peripheral > Gurage-West-Peripheral > Gurage-West-Peripheral > Gurage-East-Inneqor > Gurage-West-Peripheral > Arbore > Gurage-West-Central-Izha > Mao-North or Berta? > Qwara > Qwara > Tsemai > Oromo > Gurage-North? > Oromo > Berta > Berta > Gamo > Konta? > Ganza > Gidole > Oromo

24 Gato Gawata Gawwada Ge-Sinan Gebra Gede'uffa Geez Geleb Geleba Gemu Gerese Geto Gi'iz Giiz Gimira Girirra Gobato Gogot Gokwom Golango Gollango Gorase Gorose Gowaze Gozza Gudella Gudellinya Guji Guldiya Gumer Gumis Gura Gwama Gwami Gwemara Gyeta Habaab Habesha Hadaareb Hadareb Hadendoa Hadia > Konso > Gawada > Gawada > Aderi > Oromo > Gedeo > Ge'ez > Dasenech > Dasenech > Gamo > Dache > Gurage-West-Peripheral > Ge'ez > Ge'ez > Bench > Girirra > Berta > Gurage-North-Goggot > Komo-Central > Gobeze > Gobeze > Gobeze > Gobeze > Gobeze > Ari-Aari > Hadiya > Hadiya > Oromo > Bodi-Me'en > Gurage-West-Centr-Gumer > Gumuz > Gurage-West-Centr-Gura or Mabaan (Sudan) > Komo-North > Mao-North? Komo-North? > Gurage-West-Centr > Gurage-West-Peripheral > Tigre > Tigrinya > Beja > Beja > Beja > Hadiya

25 Hadiyya Hado Hadu Halaba Hamer-Banna Hamer-Koke Harari Harro Harso Haruro Haruro Hayahaya Higir Hozo Hozo-Sezo Iilit Ilit Indegagne Indegegn Innemor Inneqor Innxarsi Inyangatom Irbore Isaaq Islam Issa Ittu Izha Janjero Janjor Jemjem Jikany Kaba Kachama Kafa Kaffa Kafficho Kambaata Kambara Kareti Karo > Hadiya > Saho > Saho > Alaba > Hamer > Hamer > Aderi > Gidicho-Haruro > Gobeze-Harso > Gidicho-Haruro > Gidicho-Haruro > Komo-Central > Nera > Mao-North-Hozo > Mao-North-Hozo > Kunama > Kunama > Gurage-West-Peripheral > Gurage-West-Peripheral > Gurage-West-Peripheral > Gurage-East-Inneqor > Gobeze > Gnangatom > Arbore > Somali > Argobba or Gurage-East-Silt'e > Somali > Oromo > Gurage-West-Centr-Izha > Yem-Yemsa > Yem-Yemsa > Oromo > Nuer > Bench > Gidicho-Haruro > Keficho > Keficho > Keficho > Kembata > Kembata > Konso > Hamer-Karo

26 Kayla Kebena Kefa Kemant Kere Kereyu Kerre Khamir Khamta Khassa Kimant Kistane Koke Koma Koma Koma Komo-Central Komo-North Komo-South Komso Koorete Koyra Koysha Koyta Kucha Kuchumba Kuile Kule Kullo Kunfel Kusha Kutscha Kwama Kwera Kwollanyoch Kwottu Langa Laqi Libido Maccha Madiin Majang > Qwara > Kembata-Qabena > Keficho > Qimant > Mao-North? > Oromo > Hamer-Karo > Xamir > Xamta > Tigre > Qimant > Gurage-North > Hamer > Komo-Central > Komo-North > Komo-South > Komo-Central > Komo-North > Komo-South > Konso > Amaro-Kore > Amaro-Kore > Dawro-Wolaita-Kullo > Nera > Dawro-Wolaita-Kullo > Amharic > Tsemai > Tsemai > Dawro-Wolaita-Kullo > Awngi > Dawro-Wolaita-Kullo > Wolaita? > Komo-South > Amaro-Kore > Awngi > Oromo > Komo-Central > Gurage-East-Zway > Hadiya > Oromo > Komo-South > Majangir

27 Majanjiro Maji Man Mano Mansa' Mao-South Marako Maraqo Marda Marda Marille Masongo Maymay Me'en Mecha Mediban Meen Mekan Menja Mensa Mer Mesengo Meskan Mesketo Mesmes Mesqan Mieru Miniferi Misqan Mocha-Oromo Mogarebe Muguji Muher Mun Muni Murle-Omo Mursi Murzu Muxer Muxir Nao Nara > Majangir > Dizi > Mao-North-Hozo > Ganza > Tigre > Mao-South-Anfillo > Hadiya-Mareqo > Hadiya-Mareqo > Kunama > Nera > Dasenech > Majangir > Somali > Bodi-Me'en > Oromo > Somali > Bodi-Me'en > Bodi-Me'en > Kwegu-Yidinit > Tigre > Bench > Majangir > Gurage-East-Misqan > Basketo > Gurage-West-Peripheral > Gurage-East-Misqan > Bench > Saho > Gurage-East-Misqan > Oromo-Mecha > Nera > Kwegu-Yidinit > Gurage-North-Muxir > Surma-Mursi > Surma-Mursi > Murle > Surma-Mursi > Surma-Mursi > Gurage-North-Muxir > Gurage-North-Muxir > Na'o > Nera

28 Nayi Niyatom Nokanoka Nuna Nuro Nyangatom Nyidi Nyidini Ogaden Olam Omati Ometay Omo-Murle Orase Orma Oromo-Qottu Otschollo Oyda Podi Qabena Qebena Qottu Quara Qwera Raya Rer Bare Reshiat Sai Saysay Selale Selti Sese Setiit Setit Sezo Shaho Shangama Shankalla Shankalla Shankalla She Shita > Na'o > Gnangatom > Komo-North > Amaro-Kore > Agnuak > Gnangatom > Kwegu-Yidinit > Kwegu-Yidinit > Somali > Murle > Wolaita? > Dawro-Wolaita-Kullo > Murle > Gobeze > Oromo-Orma > Oromo-Eastern > Wolaita? > Wolaita-Oyda > Bodi-Me'en > Kembata-Qabena > Kembata-Qabena > Oromo > Amaro-Kore or Qwara > Amaro-Kore or Qwara > Oromo > Reer Baarre > Dasenech > Gumuz > Gumuz > Oromo > Gurage-East-Silt'e > Gumuz > Kunama > Kunama > Mao-North > Saho > Ari-Aari > Ari-Aari > Gumuz > Kunfel > Bench > Komo-Central

29 Shuro Shuru Sidamo Sidi Sido Silti Soddo Sogadas Sogore Surbm Suri Surma Surma Tama Tamaha Tambaro Teshina Tid Tigrayi Timbaro Tirma Tirmaga Tishena Tonko Tsamaho Tsamai Tsamako Tsamako-Gaba Tungan Turkana Twakwama Uba Ubamer Urbareg Wag Walani Wambera Warazi Wardai Warday Wardey Welamo > Bodi-Me'en > Berta > Sidama > Ari-Aari > Ari-Aari > Gurage-East-Silt'e > Gurage-North > Kunama > Bodi-Me'en > Bodi-Me'en > Surma-Mursi > Surma-Mursi > Surma-Mursi > Majangir > Tsemai > Kembaata-Timbaro > Bodi-Me'en > Surma > Tigre > Kembata-Timbaro > Surma > Surma > Bodi-Me'en > Mabaan > Tsemai > Tsemai > Tsemai > Tsemai > Mabaan > Gnangatom > Komo-North > Wolaita? > Ari-Aari > Gurage-East-Urbareg > Xamta > Gurage-East-Walani > Shinasha-Boro > Gobeze > Oromo > Oromo > Oromo > Wolaita

30 Weleni Wellega Wello Werize Wetawit Wolaytta Xassa Yambo Yangaro Yemsa Yidi Yidinich Yidinit Zaisse Zala Zara Zilmamo Zilmamu Zinjero Zuwai Zway > Gurage-East-Walani > Oromo > Oromo > Gawada > Berta > Wolaita > Tigre > Agnuak > Yem-Yemsa > Yem-Yemsa > Kwegu-Yidinit > Kwegu-Yidinit > Kwegu-Yidinit > Zayse > Wolaita? > Ch'ara > Zelmam-Baale > Zelmam-Baale > Yem-Yemsa > Gurage-East-Zway > Gurage-East-Zway

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