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P30 ­ PAKISTAN LINK ­ OCTOBER 29, 2010

COMMENTARY

(Shamayal of Rasulullah saws)

n By Abidullah Ghazi

Executive Director IQRA' International Educational Foundation

T

day was the preferred day for the start of Rasulullah's travels. He would leave early in the mornfajr. He usually shared his ride with a Sahabi.

tamed this ride for us. Without His help we cannot succeed. Indeed, we shall return to our Lord one day. O Allah, we request you to grant us in this travel righteousness and piety and make us do those things which would please You. O Allah! Make this travel comfortable for us and make this distance easy for us to travel. O Allah! You are our companion in our travel and guardian of our family and property. Sharing the Work: During long to rest. For longer, overnight rests, prepared food, and allowed the animals some respite from their burdens. While the Sahabah wanted Rasulullah to rest, he preferred to share in the work. He would delegate responsibilities to the companions, and accept at least one responsibility for himself. Rasulullah was in a position to

lullah's habit to say two rak'aat of an overnight stop, he started early the next day. Whenever he made an overnight stop, he started early Salat al-Fajr. Ad`iyah while Ascending and Descending: When his ride ascended a hill, Rasulullah (S) said this dua: O Allah! You have the honor above every honor and for You are our thanks under every condition. When descending, Rasulullah said three times: "All Glory is for God." Sometimes the travelers would stop in villages. When he saw a village from a distance, he said this three times: "O Allah! Bless this place for us!" Entering a Village: Entering the village was also done with a special du'a: O Allah! Grant us its best

friends. Make us dear to the people of this village. Make the righteous people of this village dear to us. Returning from the Journey: Upon his return, Rasulullah would say the same du'a as he said before "We return from the journey repenting our sins, worshipping, and praising our Lord". He would cleanse the dust of travel from his face, arms, hair and feet with the cool waters of wudu', and then humbly approach his Lord to thank Him for the successful journey. When he emerged, children who had come out to greet him would get a ride on his horse or camel. Indeed, this was one of Rasulullah's (S) most endearing qualities: his deep love for children. (Continued next week)

Upon putting his right foot in the saddle, he would say, "Bismi Allahi (In the fortably in the saddle of his mount, he would say three times, "Allahu Akbar (God is the Greatest)." Du'a for Travel: In addition, he fore the start of travel:

be most aware of the mercies of Allah involved in any successful trip. As such, he spent as much time as the journey allowed in prayer and thanksgiving.

Afghanistan and Pakistan Regional and Language Studies - 1

n By Sugra Bibi

University of Pennsylvania

of South Asia in the United States. Following the development of the Department, the South Asia Center was added in the 1950s when the US Department of Education awarded the university a Title VI National Resource Center grant to promote and advance the study of South Asia by graduate and undergraduate students, as well as in K-12 schools and among the public. Penn's exceptional South Asia library collection dates back nearly two hundred years.

ments cover South Asian languages and cultures: both ancient South Asia and Pakistan related courses which have been taught by leading academics from across the university's departments including Anthropology, History of Art, English and Religious Anthropology of the Modern World, Afghanistan, Iran and Pakistan; Afghanistan and Pakistan: Islamism, Terrorism and Globalization; Contemporary South Asian Writing in English; History of Islamic Civilization; Islamic Ethics; Islam and Modernity; SuAn exciting development this summer was the Center's renewed Title VI award, which enables further enhancement of Afghanistan and Pakistan related expertise at Penn. A full time lecturer specializing in the history and culture of Afghanistan and Pakistan is now in place, and allowing students to develop a considered understanding of the area, region and countries. In addition, Penn and the South Asia Center are sponsoring several new courses, such as Islam and the Cultural Politics of Nation: Perspectives from India, Pakistan, and Afghanistan; Transnational Islam in Indian Ocean History; Religion in the Urdu Public Sphere, 1850-2011: advanced primary source readings; Global War on Terror in Historical Perspective; and Silk Road to South Asia: A Window on World History. Only a handful of US Penn's curriculum and content-rich courses on the leading edge ing Punjabi, Persian, Pashto and Urdu language courses for bean introduction to a new language. Our experienced instructors possess in-country teaching and US teaching experience. Pashto courses are enhanced with the presence of Fulbright Foreign Language Teaching Assistant (FLTA) fellows. Our current fellow, a native Pashto speaker has teaching experience from Peshaamong students from across the university, from Near Eastern Languages and Civilizations to Art History. encouraging students to engage with current and emerging areas of research and discourse. As part of the South Asia Studies

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he South Asia Studies Department at the University of Pennsylvania, initially established in 1948, is the

ternationally. Coordinated with the overseas series of events, Philadelphia's Twelve Gates Gallery also hosted a panel discussion to discuss how we represent Pakistan in art, literature and and novelist, Imad Rahman, lecturer from Cleveland State University, Hari Kunzru journalist and novelist, and James Caron and Rubab Qureshi, both lecturers from the University of Pennsylvania. Pakistan Flood Relief Awareness Banquet is fundraiser, sponsored by several Penn student groups was held to help raise funds for the ood victims of Pakistan. e donations collected at the banquet will be doubled by UNICEF and will go towards providing essential medicines, clean drinking water, vaccines and the reconstruction of schools in Pakistan. Penn Museum Scholars Lecture Series: Hindu Architecture of Ancient Pakistan Professor Michael W. Meister, Department of the History of Art, University of Pennsylvania highlightedhis scholarly research on architecture and Pakistan on October 20. Sitar Magic with Shahid Parvez An evening performance with Ustad Shahid Parvez Khan and Subhajyoti Guha co-sponsored by the Sangeet Society was for paired with a talented tabla player. Infusing Global Perspectives into Classrooms - Saturday, November 13 tional Resource Centers to create and strengthen global education in Delaware Valley classrooms. It will help to identify how Penn can support Global Studies teachers to broaden the course curriculums to include South Asia, including Afghanistan and Pakistan. More details about all these events are available on www. southasiacenter.upenn.edu/ Women's Campaign International Marjorie Margolies, a Faculty member of Penn' Fels Institute of Government runs a course on Women's Leaders and Emerging Democracies. She is also the founding member of Women's Campaign International (WCI), a Philadelphia based, non-

Afghanistan-related courses, putting Penn's curriculum and content-rich courses on the leading Persian, Pashto and Urdu language courses for beginners through to advanced level

Department colloquium series, scholars have presented work on Wahabis and the Raj, which looked at how the British demarked the `Durand Line', (the border between Afghanistan and PakiIn parallel with its educational mission among Penn students, the Center also has a mandate to encourage and support the study and knowledge of South Asia in schools, colleges, and among the public in the Philadelphia region. During July, the Center ran a summer language STARTALK program including a teacher training Institute for Urdu and Hindi, and two High School summer language programs for Urdu and Hindi. In tosequent to the summer program, the Center continues to build links with area schools and teachers to support expansion of an international curriculum and to engage students to increase their awareness of the South Asian subcontinent and its languages and cultures. A major component of the Center's external facing work involves partnering with a range of organizations to support public events and seminars. Afghanistan and Pakistan have been in the forefront of media attention for some time, and this media focus combined with the changing world, global and political, and cultural developments has shaped and given expression to communities, artists and writers works. As part of its community outreach program, the Center co-sponsors a growing number of Afghanistan and Pakistan related arts events intended to engage, inform and initiate further study in the region. Granta: How to Talk about Pakistan During September and October, Granta Magazine, which highlights new writing, is focusing its October issue entirely on Pakistan. In conjunction, a series of poetry readings, literary events and discussion groups are being held in several cities in-

women to actively participate in public advocacy and political peace and democracy in Afghanistan. Since 2006, WCI has worked in Afghanistani provinces with participants from Wardak, Bamiyan and Nangahar; Faryab and Mazar-e- Sharif; and Paktia, Paktika and Khost. WCI conduct training workshops for Provincial Councilors on empowerment techniques, developing self-awareness and understanding of gender equality issues, and also leadership, communication and trainers in Kabul to help women in Afghanistan to prepare for 625 women throughout the countries provinces. For more about the group information please visit www.womenscampaigninternational.org

www.PakistanLink.com

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