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`BA213 Review for test # 2 Key1. Contribution margin can be defined as: a. the amount of sales revenue necessary to cover variable expenses. b. sales revenue minus fixed expenses. c. the amount of sales revenue necessary to cover fixed and variable expenses. D. sales revenue minus variable expenses.2. If both the fixed and variable expenses associated with a product decrease, what will be the effect on the contribution margin ratio and the break-even point, respectively?a. B. c. d.3. The margin of safety can be calculated by: A. Sales - (Fixed expenses/Contribution margin ratio). b. Sales - (Fixed expenses/Variable expense per unit). c. Sales - (Fixed expenses + Variable expenses). d. Sales - Net operating income.4. Sorin Inc., a company that produces and sells a single product, has provided its contribution format income statement for January.If the company sells 4,600 units, its total contribution margin should be closest to: a. \$54,600 B. \$59,800 c. \$69,400 d. \$13,362 Current contribution margin Current sales in units = Contribution margin per unit \$54,600 4,200 = \$13 contribution margin per unit If 4,600 units are sold, the total contribution margin will be 4,600 × \$13, or \$59,800.5. Decaprio Inc. produces and sells a single product. The company has provided its contribution format income statement for June.If the company sells 9,200 units, its net operating income should be closest to: a. \$27,077 b. \$49,900 C. \$36,700 d. \$25,900 Current sales dollars Current sales in units = Sales price per unit 8,800 = \$60 sales price per unit \$528,000 Current variable expenses Current sales in units = Variable expense per unit \$290,400 8,800 = \$33 variable expense per unit6. Jilk Inc.'s contribution margin ratio is 58% and its fixed monthly expenses are \$36,000. Assuming that the fixed monthly expenses do not change, what is the best estimate of the company's net operating income in a month when sales are \$103,000? A. \$23,740 b. \$59,740 c. \$67,000 d. \$7,2607. Data concerning Kardas Corporation's single product appear below:The company is currently selling 8,000 units per month. Fixed expenses are \$719,000 per month. The marketing manager believes that a \$20,000 increase in the monthly advertising budget would result in a 180 unit increase in monthly sales. What should be the overall effect on the company's monthly net operating income of this change? a. decrease of \$160 b. increase of \$20,160 c. decrease of \$20,000 D. increase of \$160Increase in net operating income: \$177,160 - \$177,000 = \$1608. Hartl Corporation is a single product firm with the following selling price and cost structure for next year:How many units will Hartl have to sell next year in order to break-even? a. 121,500 b. 202,500 C. 303,750 d. 546,750 Variable cost per unit = \$1.80 × (1 - 40%) Variable cost per unit = \$1.08 Sales = Variable expenses + Fixed expenses + Profit \$1.80Q = \$1.08Q + \$218,700 + \$0 \$0.72Q = \$218,700 \$0.72 per unit = 303,750 units Q = \$218,7009. Data concerning Buchenau Corporation's single product appear below:The break-even in monthly unit sales is closest to: a. 3,111 b. 6,892 C. 4,040 d. 13,525 Sales = Variable expenses + Fixed expenses + Profit \$150.00Q = \$34.50Q + \$466,620 + \$0 \$115.50Q = \$466,620 Q = \$466,620 \$115.50 per unit = 4,040 units10. Data concerning Follick Corporation's single product appear below:The break-even in monthly dollar sales is closest to: a. \$1,148,400 b. \$638,851 c. \$321,552 D. \$446,600 Sales = Variable expenses + Fixed expenses + Profit \$110.00Q = \$30.80Q + \$321,552 + \$0 \$79.20Q = \$321,552 Q = \$321,552 \$79.20 per unit = 4,060 units 4,060 units × \$110.00 selling price = \$446,60011. Caneer Corporation produces and sells a single product. Data concerning that product appear below:The unit sales to attain the company's monthly target profit of \$44,000 is closest to: a. 7,896 b. 12,769 C. 6,578 d. 4,341 Sales = Variable expenses + Fixed expenses + Target profit \$240.00Q = \$81.60Q + \$997,920 + \$44,000 \$158.40Q = \$1,041,920 Q = \$1,041,920 \$158.40 per unit = 6,578 units (rounded)12. Ensley Corporation has provided the following data concerning its only product:The margin of safety as a percentage of sales is closest to: a. 61% B. 28% c. 72% d. 39% Margin of safety in dollars: Break-even sales = \$200 per unit × 21,816 = \$4,363,200 Current sales = \$200 per unit × 30,300 = \$6,060,000 Margin of safety in dollars = Sales - Break-even sales = \$6,060,000 - \$4,363,200 = \$1,696,800 Margin of safety as a percentage of sales = Margin of safety in dollars \$6,060,000 = 28% (rounded)Current sales = \$1,696,80013. Ostler Company's net operating income last year was \$10,000 and its contribution margin was \$50,000. Using the operating leverage concept, if the company's sales increase next year by 8 percent, net operating income can be expected to increase by: a. 20% b. 16% c. 160% D. 40% Degree of operating leverage = Contribution margin Net operating income Degree of operating leverage = \$50,000 \$10,000 = 5 Percent increase in net operating income = Percent increase in sales × Degree of operating leverage = 8% × 5 = 40%14. E.D. Manufacturing, Inc. produces and sells ice skates. The current net operating income is \$40,000, with a degree of operating leverage of 3. If sales increase by 10%, how much total net operating income should be expected? a. \$12,000 B. \$52,000 c. \$44,000 d. None of these. Percent increase in net operating income = Percent increase in sales × Degree of operating leverage = 10% × 3 = 30% Current net operating income × Percent increase = Increase in net operating income \$40,000 × 30% = \$12,000 Increase in net operating income Current net operating income + Increase in net operating income = Expected net operating income = \$40,000 + \$12,000 = \$52,00015. The Garry Corporation's most recent contribution format income statement is shown below:Required: Prepare a new contribution format income statement under each of the following conditions (consider each case independently): a. The sales volume increases by 10% and the price decreases by \$0.50 per unit. b. The selling price decreases \$1.00 per unit, fixed expenses increase by \$15,000, and the sales volume decreases by 5%. c. The selling price increases by 25%, variable expense increases by \$0.75 per unit, and the sales volume decreases by 15%. d. The selling price increases by \$1.50 per unit, variable cost increases by \$1.00 per unit, fixed expenses decrease by \$15,000, and sales volume decreases by 12%.a.b.c.d.16. A budget committee helps provide consistency in the budgeting process because it prepares all of the budgets for the various segments of the organization. FALSE17. When using the self-imposed budget approach, it is generally best for top management to accept all budget estimates without question in order to minimize adverse behavioral responses from employees. FALSE18. The direct labor budget begins with sales in units from the sales budget. FALSE19. Which of the following budgets are prepared before the sales budget?a. b. c. D.20. All of Gaylord Company's sales are on account. Thirty-five percent of the credit sales are collected in the month of sale, 45% in the month following sale, and the rest are collected in the second month following sale. Bad debts are negligible and should be ignored. The following are budgeted sales data for the company:What is the amount of cash that should be collected in March? a. \$39,000 b. \$37,000 c. \$27,500 D. \$51,00021. Betz Company's sales budget shows the following projections for next year:Inventory at the beginning of the year was 18,000 units. The finished goods inventory at the end of each quarter is to equal 30% of the next quarter's budgeted unit sales. How many units should be produced during the first quarter? a. 24,000 b. 48,000 C. 66,000 d. 72,000 Units produced = Ending inventory + Units sold + Beginning inventory 80,000) + 60,000 - 18,000 = (30% = 24,000 + 60,000 - 18,000 = 66,00022. Pooler Corporation is working on its direct labor budget for the next two months. Each unit of output requires 0.15 direct labor-hours. The direct labor rate is \$7.00 per direct labor-hour. The production budget calls for producing 6,500 units in April and 6,200 units in May. The company guarantees its direct labor workers a 40-hour paid work week. With the number of workers currently employed, that means that the company is committed to paying its direct labor work force for at least 1,000 hours in total each month even if there is not enough work to keep them busy. What would be the total combined direct labor cost for the two months? a. \$13,825.00 b. \$13,335.00 C. \$14,000.00 d. \$13,510.00 Direct labor-hours needed for production in April = 0.15 6,500 = 975 Direct labor-hours needed for production in May = 0.15 6,200 = 930 Even though both months' production needs would require less than 1,000 hours, the company has committed to paying a minimum of 1,000 hours per month. Total direct labor-hours = 1,000 + 1,000 = 2,000 \$7 = \$14,000 Direct labor cost = 2,00023. Schuepfer Inc. bases its selling and administrative expense budget on budgeted unit sales. The sales budget shows 1,300 units are planned to be sold in March. The variable selling and administrative expense is \$4.20 per unit. The budgeted fixed selling and administrative expense is \$19,240 per month, which includes depreciation of \$3,380 per month. The remainder of the fixed selling and administrative expense represents current cash flows. The cash disbursements for selling and administrative expenses on the March selling and administrative expense budget should be: a. \$15,860 b. \$5,460 c. \$24,700 D. \$21,320 (1,300 \$4.20) + (\$19,240 - \$3,380) = \$5,460 + \$15,860 = \$21,32024. Francis Manufacturing Company is currently preparing its cash budget for next month and has gathered the following information:The beginning cash balance will be \$6,000 and the company requires a minimum cash balance at the end of the month of \$5,000. How much will Francis Manufacturing need to borrow to meet its cash needs for the month? a. \$9,100 B. \$14,100 c. \$20,100 d. None of these. Actual ending cash balance = Beginning cash balance + Cash receipts - Cash disbursements = \$6,000 + \$39,400 - (\$12,000 + \$9,000 + \$11,500 + \$22,000) = \$45,400 - \$54,500 = (\$9,100) Amount borrowed = Desired ending cash balance - Actual ending cash balance = \$5,000 - (\$9,100) = \$14,100Varughese Inc. is working on its cash budget for March. The budgeted beginning cash balance is \$33,000. Budgeted cash receipts total \$182,000 and budgeted cash disbursements total \$191,000. The desired ending cash balance is \$40,000.25. The excess (deficiency) of cash available over disbursements for March will be: a. \$215,000 b. \$42,000 C. \$24,000 d. (\$9,000) Excess cash available over disbursements = Beginning cash balance + Budgeted cash receipts - Budgeted cash disbursements = \$33,000 + \$182,000 - \$191,000 = \$24,00026. To attain its desired ending cash balance for March, the company needs to borrow: a. \$40,000 b. \$0 C. \$16,000 d. \$64,000 Excess cash available over disbursements = Beginning cash balance + Budgeted cash receipts - Budgeted cash disbursements = \$33,000 + \$182,000 - \$191,000 = \$24,000 Borrowing = Desired ending cash balance - Excess cash available over disbursements = \$40,000 - \$24,000 = \$16,00027. The manufacturing overhead budget of Reigle Corporation is based on budgeted direct labor-hours. The February direct labor budget indicates that 5,800 direct labor-hours will be required in that month. The variable overhead rate is \$4.60 per direct labor-hour. The company's budgeted fixed manufacturing overhead is \$82,360 per month, which includes depreciation of \$16,820. All other fixed manufacturing overhead costs represent current cash flows. Required: a. Determine the cash disbursement for manufacturing overhead for February. Show your work! b. Determine the predetermined overhead rate for February. Show your work! a.b.28. In developing a direct material price standard, the expected freight cost on the materials should be included. TRUE29. The production department should generally be responsible for material price variances that resulted from: a. purchases made in uneconomical lot-sizes. B. rush orders arising from poor scheduling. c. purchase of the wrong grade of materials. d. changes in the market prices of raw materials.30. Mayall Corporation is developing standards for its products. Each unit of output of the product requires 0.92 kilogram of a particular input. The allowance for waste and spoilage is 0.02 kilogram of this input for each unit of output. The allowance for rejects is 0.11 kilogram of this input for each unit of output. The standard quantity in kilograms of this input per unit of output should be: a. 0.90 b. 0.92 c. 0.79 D. 1.0531. The following materials standards have been established for a particular product:The following data pertain to operations concerning the product for the last month:What is the materials price variance for the month? a. \$6,250 U B. \$4,030 U c. \$8,679 U d. \$6,575 U Materials price variance = Actual quantity × (Actual price - Standard price) = \$81,530 - (6,200 × \$12.50) = \$81,530 - \$77,500 = \$4,030 unfavorable32. (Appendix) Warmuth Corporation has provided the following data concerning its direct labor costs for September:The Labor Efficiency Variance for September would be recorded as a: a. credit of \$120,480. B. debit of \$120,480. c. debit of \$125,500. d. credit of \$125,500. Standard hours = Standard hours per unit × Actual output = 8.8 × 6,600 = 58,080 Labor efficiency variance = Standard rate × (Actual hours - Standard hours) = \$12 × (68,120 - 58,080) = \$120,480 unfavorable33. The following labor standards have been established for a particular product:The following data pertain to operations concerning the product for the last month:What is the labor rate variance for the month? a. \$687 F b. \$2,106 F C. \$1,410 F d. \$2,106 U Actual rate = Labor cost Actual hours = \$107,630 9,400 = \$11.45 Labor rate variance = Actual hours × (Actual rate - Standard rate) = 9,400 × (\$11.45 - \$11.60) = \$1,410 favorableKouri Corporation is developing standards for its products. One product requires an input that is purchased for \$85.00 per kilogram from the supplier. By paying cash, the company gets a discount of 4% off this purchase price. Shipping costs from the supplier's warehouse amount to \$4.62 per kilogram. Receiving costs are \$0.55 per kilogram. Each unit of output of the product requires 0.74 kilogram of this input. The allowance for waste and spoilage is 0.03 kilogram of this input for each unit of output. The allowance for rejects is 0.13 kilogram of this input for each unit of output.Brewer - Chapter 00834. The standard price per kilogram of this input should be: a. \$85.00 B. \$86.77 c. \$83.23 d. \$93.5735. The standard quantity in kilograms of this input per unit of output should be: a. 0.71 b. 0.58 C. 0.90 d. 0.74Garrigus Corporation is developing direct labor standards. The basic direct labor wage rate is \$14.00 per hour. Employment taxes are 10% of the basic wage rate. Fringe benefits are \$3.53 per direct labor-hour. A particular product requires 0.74 direct labor-hours per unit. The allowance for breaks and personal needs is 0.05 direct labor-hours per unit. The allowance for cleanup, machine downtime, and rejects is 0.13 direct labor-hours per unit.Brewer - Chapter 00836. The standard rate per direct labor-hour should be: a. \$9.07 b. \$14.00 C. \$18.93 d. \$4.9337. The standard direct labor-hours per unit should be: a. 0.69 b. 0.56 c. 0.74 D. 0.92Longview Hospital performs blood tests in its laboratory. The following standards have been set for each blood test performed:During May, the laboratory performed 1,500 blood tests. On May 1 there were no direct materials (plates) on hand; after a plate is used for a blood test it is discarded. Variable overhead is assigned to blood tests on the basis of direct labor hours. The following events occurred during May: · 3,600 plates were purchased for \$9,540 · 3,200 plates were used for blood tests · 340 actual direct labor hours were worked at a cost of \$5,550Brewer - Chapter 00838. The materials price variance for May is: A. \$360 F b. \$360 U c. \$740 F d. \$740 U Materials price variance = (Actual quantity purchased × Actual price) - (Purchase quantity × Standard price) = \$9,540 - (3,600 × \$2.75) = \$360 favorable39. The materials quantity variance for May is: a. \$1,650 F b. \$1,650 U C. \$550 U d. \$720 F Standard quantity = Standard quantity per unit × Actual output = 2 × 1,500 = 3,000 Materials quantity variance = Standard price × (Actual quantity - Standard quantity) = \$2.75 × (3,200 - 3,000) = \$550 unfavorable40. The labor rate variance for May is: a. \$225 F b. \$225 U c. \$450 F D. \$450 U Labor rate variance = (Actual hours × Actual rate) - (Actual hours × Standard rate) = \$5,550 - (340 × \$15) = \$450 unfavorable41. The labor efficiency variance for May is: a. \$600 F B. \$600 U c. \$515 U d. \$515 F Standard hours = Standard hours per unit × Actual output = 0.2 × 1,500 = 300 Labor efficiency variance = Standard rate × (Actual hours - Standard hours) = \$15 × (340 - 300) = \$600 unfavorable42. The variable overhead efficiency variance for May is a. \$350 F b. \$350 U C. \$280 U d. \$280 F Standard hours = Standard hours per unit × Actual output = 0.2 × 1,500 = 300 Variable overhead efficiency variance = Standard rate × (Actual hours - Standard hours) = \$7 × (340 - 300) = \$280 unfavorable`

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