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SECOND HALF YEARLY MONITORING REPORT OF UNIVERSITY OF KASHMIR ON SSA FOR JAMMU & KASHMIR STATE FOR THE PERIOD 1st April 2007 to 30th September 2007

DISTRICTS COVERED

Anantnag Pulwama Baramulla

1

MONITORING OF SSA ANANTNAG, PULWAMA AND BARAMULLA DISTRICTS OF KASHMIR PROVINCE, J&K 2007-2008

(Report)

J & K STATE RESOURCE CENTRE University of Kashmir HazrataBal, Srinagar- 190006

2

INTRODUCTORY In the second phase of monitoring process of SSA in Kashmir the MI selected three districts, District Anantnag, District Pulwama and District Baramulla for assessing the progress as per Terms of Reference (TOR) issued by ED.CIL.Our center initiated the process of 2nd half yearly monitoring in the above districts from October 2007 to March 2008. The report in hand highlights the various components under coverage including observations, weaknesses, strengths and also suggestions thereof.

The MI undertook the monitoring of various activities and programs under SSA with the following objectives. · · · Assess the progress of implementation of approved plans Sample check progress Verify process and procedure for implementation

METHODOLOGY The following methodology was adopted for collection of data and other relevant information with regard to implementation, progress and achievements of SSA in the three Districts viz Anantnag, Pulwama and Baramula of Kashmir Province. · · · Meetings with State project director (SPD) SSA J&K Meetings with district project officer (DPO Baramulla), Meetings with DPOs of Anantnag and Pulwama. 3

· · · · ·

Meetings with DRG personnel Meetings with DIET personnel/field coordinators Field visits, district, zone and village levels Visits to construction sites Interaction with VEC/SMC members, Community members and village heads

·

Video coverage

TOOLS Following tools were devised to collect information as per TOR.

· · · ·

Questionnaires Interview Schedules Observations Data analysis

POPULATION AND SAMPLE The monitoring team identified 31 Pry. Schools 13 Upper Primary Schools, 16 EGC Centres and 3 AIE Centres in the District Anantnag as sample.). In district Pulwama the sample comes upto is 21 Primary Schools, 9 Upper Schools, 6 EGC Centres and 1 AIE Centres. In District Baramula the sample was calculated as 40 primary schools, 23 Upper primary schools, 25 EGS centers and AIEs.

Position of Primary, Upper Primary and EGS Centres in District Baramulla, Anantnag and Pulawama

S. No

Districts

Primary Schools

Upper Pry. Schools

EGC Centre

AIE

Total sample 5%

Baramulla 1. Sample covered (5%) 804 40 4 471 23 496 25 86

Anantnag 2. Sample covered ( 5%) Pulwama 3. Sample covered ( 5%)

631 31

267 13

321 16

66 3

63

430 21

196 10

129 6

38 38 1

% of total is indicated in table above, however our team visited 63 Schools/ EGS Centers in Anantnag, 86 in district Baramula and 38 in Pulwama districts. The above information was provided by SPD and cross checked at DPO level and also in the field, by the monitoring team. 5% of primary, upper primary, EGS centers and construction sites were visited in all the three districts, however, BRC's and CRC's falling in the district/ zones were also covered in the sample.

PROGRAMMES COVERED

SSA

Sarv Shiksha Abhyan

KGBV

Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidayalaya

NPEGEL

National Program for Education of Girls at Elementary Level

MDM CAL

Mid Day Meal Computer aided learning

The above programs were covered during the monitoring process by the monitoring team in the districts of Anantnag, Pulwama and Baramula and the information was gathered on the following components as per the TOR.

COMPONENTS · OPENING OF SCHOOLS 5

· · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · ·

CIVIL WORKS TEXT BOOKS SCHOOL GRANTS TEACHERS AND TEACHER TRAINING TEACHING LEARNING MATERIAL GRANTS EGS/AIE/NRBC/RBC CHILDREN WITH SPECIAL NEEDS NPEGEL KGBV DISE EMIS RESEARCH AND EVALUATION CAL V E Cs STAFF & PATTERN MID DAY MEAL OTHERS

No. Of Primary, Upper Primary School and Teachers sanctioned and appointed under SSA in Three Districts. S. No District No. of Primary Schools No. of Upper Primary Schools 455 No. of teachers sanctioned 2336 No. of teachers appointed 2336

1.

Baramulla

825

6

2. 3.

Anantnag Pulwama

631 207

266 132 907 907

No. of children with special needs (CWSN) identified and enrolled upto Nov 2007.

S. No 1. 2. 3.

District Baramulla Anantnag Pulwama

No. of CWSN identified 6,868 6,046 5,531

No. of CWSN enrolled 4,100 4,311 3,205

District Anantnag PROFILE Location: District Anantnag is situated 55 Kms of south-east of Srinagar, Anantnag District lies between 300-30' to 340-15' north latitude and approximately 700 to 750 east longitude. Having an area of 76,140 hects, as per revenue papers, the district is contiguous to District Pulwama in the north-west and District Srinagar in the north. The District is bounded in the east by Districts of Doda as well as Kishtwar while the newly created District Kulgam out of erstwhile Anantnag itself falls on its west and Kargil on its north east. Area & Administrative setup: With the creation of new Tehsils viz Kokernag and Shangus, the number of Tehsils in District Anantnag has risen to six namely Anantnag, Bijbehara, Doru, Kokernag, Shangus and Pahalgam. The District comprises 94 Patwar Halqas with 393 revenue villages. There are six CD Blocks having 158 Panchayats. The total population of the District is of the order of 7.37 lac souls (as per 2001 census). Tehsil Anantnag is thickly populated while compared to other Tehsils. The total area of the reorganized District would be 76,710.5 Hectares. The district Administration is headed by District Development Commissioner (D.D.C), who is assisted by two additional Deputy Commissioners. For effective and decentralized 7

educational administration district has been divided in to twelve Educational Zones. As such the C D blocks are not coterminous with the Educational Zones. No. of Villages / Wards 514 No. of Panchayat s 158 No. of C. D. Blocks 06 No. of Educational zones 12 Population (as per 2001 census) 7.37 lac

Area 76,140 hects

No. of Tehsils 06

No. of Towns 08

* Important indicators of the district. Populace: The district Anantnag is famous for its rich cultural heritage and hospitality. It is also popular for its age-old traditions of secularism and spirit of tolerance, which have been since times immemorial binding the people together. All the sects of society live in complete harmony, free from any prejudice. They are credited to have unity in diversity. Language: Kashmiri is the most popular language of the district. Though the official language is Urdu, but Kashmiri is mostly spoken. Gojri is another language which is used by the Gojjar and Bakerwal tribes who are mostly living in the rural and upper reaches of the district. Pahari is also used by a small population. Most of the people can speak Kashmiri and Urdu languages. English is spoken by educated section of the society. Religion: Islam is the dominant religion and the Muslims form the majority of the population. Next comes the Hindu population and in some villages there is a good number of Sikhs also. In spite of the existence of many religions people are quite liberal and possess and adopt a progressive way of life. Almost everywhere in the towns and villages Mosques, Shrines of Saints and Sofis (Reshis) and temples are found. Population of the District as per Child Survey conducting during 2006 (all age groups) Sex Males Females Total Rural 321760 290966 612726 Urban 82717 76213 158930 Total 404477 367179 771656

Source:- Child Survey 2006 Child Population in the age groups of 0-6, 6-11 and 11-14 which has been updated on the basis of survey conducted in November, 2006.

* Child Population (0-6) Years. 8

SC 0-6 6-11 0-6

ST 6-11 0-6

All communities 6-11

11-14 186 94 280

11-14 1904 1044 2948

11-14 23123 20581 43704

Boys Girls Total

31 23 54

203 221 424

8753 8651 17404

6553 5938 12491

49593 46533 96126

47690 44747 92437

Opening of Schools. There are 631 primary schools in Anantnag District out of which 233 schools have been opened and 266 primary schools upgraded under SSA since 2002. 321 EGS Centers have also been opened since 2002 in the district. As per the statement provided by District Resource Group Anantnag. there are 41 primary schools at plinth level 59 at lentil level, 60 roofed level and 92 completed and taken over upto February, 2007. Also 16 Middle schools are at plinth level, 24 at lintel level, 8 roofed level and 10 completed and taken over by the authorities. As observed by MI the concerned VEC's/SMC's have received funds for construction in time and utilized as per the stages of construction. It has been observed by the MI that the funds for construction are released in 3 installments to the VEC's, 1st at plinth level, 2nd at lentil level and 3rd after roofed level. The District has sanctioned 2,893 teachers for primary schools out of which 2,819 have been put in position as reported. In upper primary schools 2,286 teachers have been sanctioned out of which 2,248 have been put in position. It was also verified that the newly opened schools have received one time grant of Rs. 10,000 for primary schools and Rs. 50.000/= for Upper Primary schools for purchase of teaching learning equipments for the school. The items purchased were furniture, furnishing books etc. Primary Schools opened under SSA during 2002-07 in District Anantnag. S. No 1. Zone Achabal 2. Aishmuqum 2002-03 7 3 2003-04 9 11 2004-05 9 5 2005- 06 2 0 2006-07 0 0 Total 27 19

3.

Anantnag

5

8

2

0

0

15

4.

Bidder

3

11 9

5

2

0

21

5.

Bijbehara

5

16

9

4

0

34

6.

Doru

4

9

3

1

0

17

7.

Mattan

6

11

4

2

0

23

8.

Qazigund

4

6

7

1

0

18

9.

Shangus

4

11

5

2

0

22

10.

Srigufwara

4

7

5

0

0

16

11.

Vailloo

3

5

1

0

0

9

12.

Verinag Total

4 52

7 111

0 55

1 15

0 0

12 233

Primary Schools upgraded dring 2002--08 in District Anantnag. Zone Achabal Aishmuqum Anantnag Bidder Bijbehara Doru Mattan 2002-03 1 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 2003-04 3 4 2 3 8 3 5 3 2004-05 3 3 1 0 2 1 6 0 10 2005- 06 8 9 1 6 9 7 3 9 2006-07 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 2 2007-08 11 10 5 5 15 8 6 Total 26 26 10 16 35 20 20 23

Qazigund Shangus Srigufwara Vailloo Verinag Total 0 2 1 0 11 6 3 2 5 1 2 2 2 11 5 8 0 1 0 1

9 8 5 10 7 23 26 21 20

7

46

23

85

6

99

266

Civil Works As per the information provided by DRG the District has a targeted construction of 290 PS buildings, 63 MS buildings, 393 ACRs, 27 CRC buildigs and 08 BRC buildings out of which the District has completed the construction of 92 PS blocks, 10 MS blocks, 131 ACRs, 15 CRC buildings and 4 BRC buildings.The MI team made on spot verification of constructions in some of the schools where the quality of constructions was found satisfactory and as per the requirement. the monitoring team inspected one PS building constructed near boys Middle School Khanabal. It was found that the building has been constructed by the Department of Rural Development in the year 2006 and completed in the year 2007. the building was found cracked in slab and therefore has not been taken over by the school authorities as the building is now unsafe. The school children have been found reading in the open air. Another building of BRC constructed near Boys Middle School Lardkipora Zone Doru by the Self Help Group of Engineers. The building is complete but has not been taken over by the Block authorities yet due to some unknown reasons. It was given to understand that there is dispute between the contractors and the education authorities due to some outstanding balance amount lying with the Education authorities and therefore the building has not been taken over and is nonfunctional. Construction and their status Year Approved Target

PS MS ACR,s 14 1 27

Roofing level 0 0 2 2 0 0 3 3 1 11

Lentil level 0 0 0 1 0 6 3 0 1

Plinth level 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 2 2

Completed & taken over 14 1 25 26 0 38 11 3 25

2002-03

2003-04

PS MS ACR,s

29 0 46

2004-05

PS MS ACR,s

19 5 32

2005-06

PS MS ACR,s

51 13 19

15 2 0 34 7 46 0 -

6 3 4 47 20 102 0 -

2 2 0 37 11 62 0 -

25 5 14 29 2 39 0 -

2006-07

PS MS ACR,s

117 44 269

2007-2008

PS MS CR,s

148 -

For the Year 2007-08 148 Primary Blocks were allotted for the District Anantnag out of which 80 PS Blocks have been distributed in Different Zones. For the year 2008-09 98 Primary School Blocks, 57 Middle Blocks and 744 Additional Classrooms have been projected for Approval of MHR D.

The MI observed that mostly the constructions were undertaken by the VEC's of the respective area itself under the supervision of Headmaster who is the convener of VEC. The MI also observed that the ramps have also been constructed in new school buildings. The constructions have been undertaken as per the work order issued by the SMC and ZEO's. The Junior Engineers have been assigned the job of supervision and the supervision was made by the JE's frequently at various level of construction as observed. The VEC's have maintained separate account record and pass books for funds provided for construction.

Convergence Many schools visited by MI have been provided water facility including a water tank under Saujaldhara through Deptt. of Rural Development. Very few schools were provided with toilet facility under total sanitation (TS) campaign. However, 80% schools visited by MI have constructed toilet out of school funds.

TEXT BOOKS. The MI found that free textbooks have been provided to all the enrolled children of the visited schools including SC/ST children and girls. The textbooks are printed and issued by J & K Board of School Education, Srinagar to all the Districts in the month of December (opening month). It was observed by the monitoring team that the text books were distributed to the school children within one month of opening of school to all the classes and all the enrolled children for all subjects except "Kashmiri language" for class 8th. As stated by the schoolteachers the reason for delay in distribution of Kashmiri books to the schools is that the books are not provided by the B.O.S.E in time for the reason unknown. On the day of 12

monitoring it was found that Kashmiri books were under distribution only when the MI team was in the District. Therefore, the above-mentioned books are issued to the school after a delay of more than six months. In very few cases the books of Science, Mathematics for 5th, 7th and 8th classes have not been issued to the school children in time. In some of the schools 20 to 30 percent of books were issued to the schools after a gap of three month (after winter vacations) i,e. in the month of March and so.

SCHOOL GRANTS The Monitoring team observed that all the visited schools have received and utilized the school grant of Rs. 2,000 each in time. However, in some of the zones viz; Achabal, Shangus and Doru, the grants have not been released by ZEO's in time. In some of the visited schools in educational Zone Bidder the school grant has not been released since 2007. The reason as observed is that the permanent ZEO is not in position and the charge lies with a temporary arrangement. The schools have properly utilized the funds for the development of the school teaching learning equipment. TEACHING LEARNING MATERIAL GRANT The MI team observed that in Doru, Shangus, Achabal and Bidder Zones. The TLM grant have not been used by the teachers. In Bidder a nd Shangus Zones TLM grant has not released by the Zonal Officers for the last two years. The teachers have been provided with TLM grant of Rs. 500/= each for development of low cost teaching learning material. Most of the teachers in visited schools have purchased readymade charts, objects and other material from open market, the teaches have not been properly oriented on the use of Low Cost TLM. Further most of the teachers have kept the TLM in the trunks and do not display it in the classes.

TEACHING LEARNING EQUIPMENT GRANT The Monitoring team made on pot check and verification of TLE grant Cash Books and vouchers and utilization record books in all the sampled schools where it was found that the Grant ( Rs 10,000 for primary and Rs.50,000 for Upper Primary) has been received by all the visisted schools and has been properly utilized by the school authorities in time. And hence no delay or deviation was witnessed in any of the schools visited by MI. SCHOOL MAINTANCE GRANT: The MI observed that school maintenance grant for the year 2007 has been received and utilized by all the schools visited by MI. However in some of the zone such as Bidder, Doru, Anantnag, Vailloo and Shangas, the grant has not been released to any of the schools in these zones.

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Recruitment of School Teachers Positions of the Primary Schools opened and teachers appointed under SSA upto 2006-07. No. of school No. of Primary Schools No. of teachers No. of teachers sanctioned opened sanctioned appointed 3,542 3,542 9,876 9,876

The posts of school teachers are advertised visited in the schools under the RehbarE-Taleem scheme by the Zonal Education Officer at Zonal level and at village level by the village education committee's under the supervision of Zonal Education Officer. The Zonal Education Officer invites application from the qualified unemployed persons from the same village/ locality were the school teacher is needed in the school. The village education committee, screen and short lists the applications of RT's on the basis of higher qualification and merit. It was observed by MI that on the day of monitoring 10-20 percent teachers were found absent/ on leave. The MI team checked the arrival registers in all the visited schools and it was found that one or two teachers from each school in Srigufwara, Bidder , Doru and Anantnag zones were either or leave or absent from duty. This indicated that the concerned Zonal Educational Officers do not check the attendance of teachers of the schools frequently.

TRAINING of TEACHERS As reported by teachers. Twenty days training is given to a teacher at the time of recequirement and twelve days refresher training is provided to the in-service teacher during winter vacations.

Zone-wise No. of teachers trained during the year 2007-08. No. of Teachers No. of Teachers S. Name of the trained in phase 1st. trained in phase No Block/Zone 2nd. 1 Achabal 66 106 2 Aishmuqam 95 101 3 Anantnag 79 50 4 Bidder 88 100 5 Bijbehara 109 120 6 Doru 94 102 7 Mattan 87 109 8 Qazigund 102 82 9 Shangus 95 102 10 Srigufwara 103 94 11 Vailoo 89 93 12 Verinag 76 81 Total 1083 1140

Total No. of Teachers trained 172 196 129 188 229 196 196 184 197 197 182 157 2223

14

BRC/CRC Reportedly the Block Resource Centres are conducting meeting of teachers on every 14th and 15th of the month. The head teacher meeting is also conducted on every 20th of every month. While cross checking the response of teachers and BRC's/CRC's it was observed that 80% of teachers attend the meetings to discuss development of teaching learning materials. Subsequently, the remaining 20% of teachers have shown poor performance in teaching learning process. The Block Coordinators, Zonal Resource Persons and Cluster Resource Persons are making frequent visits to the schools. However, in some of the zones of the District, it was observed that the Block Coordinators and Cluster Resource Persons are not performing their duties well and fail to orient the teachers on teaching of hard topics, use of low cost TLM and TLM display etc. The MI team visited one BRC at Tarkippra, Zone Duru. The building has been constructed by SHG, however the BRC building has not been taken over by the concerned block authorities so far reasons unknown.

EGS & AIE As per the statement of CEO Anantnag there are 321 EGS Centers and 66 AIE Centres in District Anantnag. All the EGS Centres have been established in the year 2002 and are functioning till date. The EGC Centres have been established in community-donated buildings covering the children of local areas mostly of BPL and deprived sections. The Centres are provided Mid Day Meals for 1st to 4th classes and other TLM including school bags. The MI observed that almost all the EGC are eligible for up gradation but are under consideration of the State Education authorities. The Centres are functioning normally. The EV have been trained by DIET and BRC's and are paid an honorarium of Rs. 1,000/= per month in cash. Most of the BRC's are not visited by the ZRP/CRP frequently. The salary of EV's is often paid after a gap usually from 3 to 6 months. It was observed by MI that there are children from KG to class 5th enrolled in all the EGS Centers of the District. Moreover none of the children has been mainstreamed in Primary or Upper primary in the District. However it is expected that the pass out children of 5th Class will be streamlined in the forthcoming academic session of the year. There are EGS coordinators in DRG who looks after EGS in the District. The concerned DRG has prepared all the required monitoring formats for EGS and other educational institutions. There is no further proposal for creation of EGS in the District in near future. The MI team observed that some of the EGS have insufficient infrastructural facilities and there are some examples of EV's who have quitted the job and the EGS Centers have been shifted in the nearby primary schools, which subsequently has affected the functioning of EGS Centres. It has been observed that monitoring of EGS Centres at zonal and Block level in all the visited schools is nill in the District. The children in some of the visited Centres were found absent during monitoring due to farming seasons in the areas. Children with Special Need (CWSN) 15

As per the report of CEO 3,168 CWSN children have been identified out of which 2176 CWSN enrolled in primary and 1006 children in upper primary schools till 30-09-2007. The MI team identified some cases of handicapped children in various zones, wherein five cases of children with week eyesight, actuate infection in eyes was found in only one school. There were also some cases of dimness and partial affected eyesight in other schools also. Boys Middle School Buchoo zone Bidder and Primary school Gosanyigund are among the schools, which have more affected children. As reported by the schools teachers the list of effected children in these schools has been submitted to concerned Z.E.O before one month but no concrete action has been made taken by the Z.E.O in this regard so far. The monitoring team recorded many cases of CWNS children in Anantnag, Mattan, Srignpharea, Shangass, Vailoo and Ashmuqam zones of the District, it was found that after reporting the list of identified CWNS children to higher authority no speedy action for medical care and treatment was made by the Zonal and District authorities in this case. The most commonly found health problem in children was eyesight and secondly the dumbness.

Who is going to save these ailing eyes?

... A question mark

National Program for Education of Girls at Elementary Level (N P E G E L) As reported by DRG Anantnag 31 Model Cluster School has been covered under NPEGEL scheme in the District till date. The MI team visited four-model cluster schools 16

adopted under NPEGEL, which have been provided with additional classrooms, toilet facility, bathroom facility and vocational training in two crafts 1.cutting Tailoring 2. Embroidery to the children from 6th to 8th classes. The children have been taking vocational classes in morning, lunchtime and at evening after attending academic classes. The schools were provided with vocational teacher against monthly honorarium for a minimum period of six months. Model Cluster Schools established under NPEGEL in District Anantnag No of Model cluster Total No of No of Model cluster schools schools covered in the Zones covered covered in the year 2005-06 year 2004-05 12 7 24

Children enrolled in NRBC Centres. No. Of Age group Boys Centres · 6 -11 Yrs. 66 727

Girls 1480

Total 2207

Children covered under Seasonal Centers. No. of Centres 66 Boys 1215 Girls 822 Total 2037

Children imparted Remedial Teaching. No. of Centres 99 No. of tutors engaged 273 No. of Students 6173

Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidayalaya KGBV As reported by the DRG Anantnag the District has opened 4 KGBV Centres at 1. Qazigund 2. Dahwatto Ashumgam 3. Ashbal 4. Bahimulla Qazizgund in the District. The MI visited KGBV Dahwattoo in Zone Ashmuqam, which has been functioning in a building donated by the locals. The building consisted 4 rooms, 2 halls and two bathrooms cum toilet. The KGBV caters to the SC/ST and girls room from other under privileged community. The Centre shall provide residential facilities to the enrolled girls with effect from 10th of June 2008 as reported. The girls have been taking teaching classes from 10 AM to 4 PM and are allowed to go home till the Centre will be provided with residential facilities. The Center has been provided with 7 teachers, presently working on deputation, till the alternative arrangement is made. The Centre has enrolled 50 Girls including SC and ST. The enrolled girls are taught in classes from 10 to 4 PM daily. The MI team also visited the site of land, which has been donated by the Stat Government for the permanent structure of KGBV. As per the spot check the land comprised 6 canals and the construction of building for four KGBVs is in pipeline. The MI team has 17

been given to understand that all the 4 KGBV Centres are functioning at other places also and are of same status. All the four KGBVs have enrolled 40 to 50 Girls.

COMPUTER AIDED LEARNING The MI team visited some of the Schools in Ashmuqam, Anantnag and Achabal Zones where it was observed that the computer classes are conducted for the students mostly from 1st to 8th classes. The MI team also checked the performance of the children and was found satisfactory. It has been observed that the attendance of children in Computer classes was minimal, as the children do not consider the computer classes essential. Moreover there is no test or evaluation strategy adopted by neither school authorities or by the Education authorities to evaluate the annual performance of the Children in this regard. Some innovative measures on computer education have been taken under Hole in the wall scheme at various places in the districts, which are used by the children joyfully.

Figure 1 hole in the wall GHS Khanabal

COMPETER CENTRES established under SSA in District Anantnag during 2004-05, 200506 and 2006-07

Year 2004-05

Zone Achabal Anantnag 18

Name of the School MS Bondigam HS Khanabal

Bijbehara Ashmuqam 2005-06 Vailoo 2006-7 Doru

HS Marhama HS Ashmuqam MS Nowbugh BMS Larkipora

DRG/DISE District Information System of Education The MI observed that there is a District Resource Group with the responsibility of providing academic support to the schools through conducting/organizing interactive and orientation sessions to the school teachers, Head teachers ZRPS and CRPs at various time schedules at various levels. Moreover the DRG is also circulating information and guidelines related to the development of Teaching Learning process. The DRG is chaired by Chief Education officer/District Project Coordinator and with a Vice Chairman District Education Planning Officer. The DRG receives information in the form of schedules and formatted and prepared by DRG itself for onward transmission of information to the State Project Directorate and other quarters.

Mid day Meals The MI team visited and made on spot check of various schools and EGS Centres and it was observed that hot cooked Mid Day Meals was served in all the schools except few cases where the school was functioning in a rented buildings and mid day meals is cooked at least one kilometer away from the school due to lack of cooking facility. Variety of food is served in almost all the schools, such as rice vegetables pulses etc. In 15% of visited schools eggs, cheese, fruits and meat is served in the schools occasionally. The quality and quantity of food was also found satisfactory in all the schools. No micronutrient, vitamin-A or Deworming tablets are served in any of the schools visited by MI. All the children enrolled in the school/Schools upto 5th class have been served Mid Day meals. Morover the MI team observed that in some of the schools in zone Vailoo and Ashmuqam the children upto class 8th were covered under Mid Day Meal facility. It reveals that the District authority has taken initiative for providing MDM to the children class 6th to Class 8th In some of the zones. As per the observation of MI the Mid Day meal is cooked by a Local female belonging to the under privileged and poor community and is engaged by the school management committee. However it has also been found in 20% of the visited schools the Mid Day meal cooking including the fuel and labor Charges is paid to the Cooks after a Delay of two to six month and hence is not paid regularly. It has been observed in Doru, Bidder Vailoo zones of the District, which needs special attention. The M I team observed that MDM was mostly cooked in the Classrooms, Offices or in storerooms of the schools. The schools having small infrastructures or less No. of classrooms do cook the food in corridors, between the small spaces of two buildings or classrooms. Only 5 to 6 % percent of visited schools have a separate tin shed for Cooking 19

MDM. the food grains and other items were put in bins in safe and hygienic conditions. About 40 to 50% of visited schools were found with less or inadequate number of Utensils especially in elementary schools. Moreover the schools having utensils provided by the Zonal Education officers were having insufficient utensils in comparison with the No of Enrolled Children. It was observed in almost all the schools visited by MI that MDM is being cooked on LPG stoves.

Figure 2 MDM served to the Children

Observations on other important issues . · A mimum of 20 to 30% of visited schools had a good and healthy environment in the educational Zones of Achabal, Ashmuqam, Anantnag and Bidder. · All the visited schools in District Anantnag had a sufficient facility of playing equipments but only 5% of the visited schools have playing ground in the schools. In 30 to 40 % of the visited schools there was 5 to 10% of children absent on the day of monitoring. One of the main reasons of the absentees was the farming season and 20

·

social reasons. More absentees were found among female children as compared to the male children in almost all the schools in District Anantnag. . · In Achabal, Duro and vailoo zones it was observed that the children are migarating to the private schools due to poor management and performance of the school teachers of the schools.

PULWAMA

DISTRICT PROFILE District Pulwama was carved out of District Anantnag in July, 1979 and another new district Shopian has been carved out of this district in 2007.The Upper belts of the District viz: Keller and Tral are inhabited by backward sections of population (Gojars and BakarwalsST Communities).The old Mughal road is passing through this part of the valley connecting it with the Jammu region. District Pulwama is proportionally hilly and bordered by Pir Panchal Range of hills. The climate of the District is similar to that of the valley. The upper regions of the District remain snow clad through out the year. The total area of the Districts is 0.64 Lac Hec. out of which forests cover 408 Sq kms. The main occupation of the people is agriculture. The main crops are Paddy, Maize, Mustard and Pulses. Apple, Almonds, Walnuts are the famous fruits. Saffron and Honey are the Chief cash crops of the District. The total population of the district, as per the 2001 census, is 441276 . The rural population is 394953 (Male = 202290 and Female = 192663 ). The urban population is 46323 (Male = 24595 and Female = 21728 ). Its 88% of the population speaks Kashmiri language and rest speaks Pahari and Gojri.

EDUCATIONAL SCENARIO IN THE DISTRICT The district has got 08 Educational Zones, which as a general pattern in the State are not Co-terminus with the CD blocks. There are three-degree Colleges in the district. There is one DIET, 03 ITIs, 30 Higher Secondary, 52 High Schools, 430 primary Schools and 196 Upper Primary Schools. There are 129 EGSs centers The SSA Project is being oprationelised at the district level by a district resource group. Five leading teachers and five members from district resource unit of the DIET have been selected for this group. This group provides support to the scheme for all of its interventions. The pre\sent literacy rate of the District is 50.84 %. It is 63.61% for males and 38.07% for females. The total child population in the age group of 6-14 is 77964 . The total enrolment in the district is 75919 up to elementary level in the age group of 6-14. It is 38811 for boys and 37108 for girls. The enrolment of children in 6-11 age groups is 50117. It is 25557 for boys and 24560 for girls. The enrolment in the age group of 11-14 is 25802. It is 13254 for boys and 12548 for girls. The number of out of school children is 2045. If it is split in different age groups. It is 973 for 6-11 age group and 1072 for 11-14 age groups. 21

The number of sanctioned posts of teachers in the district up to elementary level is 3437. There are 2030 trained teachers and 1407 untrained teachers. The total number of habitations without schooling facility is 400. The total number of children with mild disabilities is 3085. . The ministry of Human Resources Development in partnership with the state government has launched the MDMP under which the children at the primary schools and UP Schools in EBBs are being provided Mid-day Meals together with Micro-nutrients and tablets for de-worming, folic acid and vitamin supplementation under this program health cards of the children are being maintained with the help of Health Department. The Basic Educational Statistical Data Is As Under: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. No. of Children attending School Gross enrolment rate No. of Children not attending School Out of School Children(ST) Population of(6-14)ST Children Percentage of ST Children(6-14) Literacy rate Literacy rate of ST 6-11=50117 11-14=25802 6-11=973 11-14=1072 6-11=122 11-14=148 75919 98.8% 2045 270 3998 5.12% 50.48 12.11 95.1% School 3085 school

Male=63.61 Female=38.07 Male=15.21 Female=9.01 Attending =1785 Not attending =1300

9. Enrolment rate of ST Children 10. No. of Disabled Children (6-14)

11. No. Of Primary Schools 12. No. of Upper Primary Schools 13. No. High Schools 14. No. of Higher Secondary Schools 15. No. of Colleges 16. No. of DIET's 17. No. of newly opened Schools (Functional) 18. No. of Schools Upgraded (Functional) 19. No. of EGS Centres 20. No. of BRCs 21. No. of CRCs 22. No. of Clusters 23. No. of Teachers

430 196 52 30 3 01 118 92 129 05 23 64 Sanctioned =3437 Working=3251

Complete = 3 Under construction=2 Complete=20 Up to Elementary Level

22

Data On Enrolment 6-11 age group (All Communities ) All SC S.T Comm

Minority

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Name of the Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female Total Block/Zone Awantipora 0 0 0 65 64 129 2543 2422 4965 2532 2407 4939 Kakapora 0 0 0 19 8 27 3666 3417 7083 3666 3417 7083 Lurgam 0 0 0 477 337 814 2133 1808 3941 2133 1808 3941 Pampore 0 0 0 83 74 157 3665 3542 7207 3665 3542 7207 Pulwama 0 0 0 11 3 14 3875 3503 7378 3856 3486 7342 Shadimarg 0 0 0 571 468 1039 3519 3902 7421 3502 3887 7389 Tral 0 0 0 418 387 805 2363 2214 4577 2363 2214 4577 Tahab 0 0 0 63 57 120 3793 3752 7545 3724 3690 7414 Total 0 0 0 1707 1398 3105 25557 24560 50117 25441 24451 49892

Data On Enrolment 11-14 age group (All Communities) Name of S.C S.T All communities Minority the Male Female Total S.No Block/Zone Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female Total 1 Awantipora 0 0 0 0 1 1 1376 1330 2706 1371 1326 2697 2 Kakapora 0 0 0 31 1 32 1851 1945 3796 1851 1945 3796 3 Lurgam 0 0 0 80 22 102 935 755 1690 935 755 1690 4 Pampore 0 0 0 12 10 22 2177 1969 4146 2177 1969 4146 5 Pulwama 0 0 0 3 0 3 2232 2068 4300 2227 2064 4291 6 Shadimarg 0 0 0 178 169 347 1451 1441 2892 1448 1439 2887 7 Tral 0 0 0 102 53 155 1249 1098 2347 1249 1098 2347 8 Tahab 0 0 0 27 10 37 1983 1942 3925 1971 1932 3903 Total 0 0 0 433 266 699 13254 12548 25802 13229 12528 25757 Enrollment Upper Primary 1285 2325 1330 1665 1931 2073 Upper Primary teachers 163 240 183 239 276 183

S.No. 1 2 3 4 5 6

Zone Awantipora Kakapora Loorgam Pampore Pulwama Shadimarg

Enrollment Primary Primary teachers 2697 4056 3394 3158 3142 5610 188 189 184 190 187 205

PTR 14:1 22:1 19:1 17:1 17:1 25:1 23

PTR 8:1 10:1 8:1 7:1 7;1 11;1

7 Tral 8 Tahab Total

2933 5131 30121

131 238 1512

19:1 21:1 20:1

1333 2609 14551

213 242 1739

7;1 11:1 9:1

TEACHING LEARNING EQUIPMENT GRANT All Upgraded Primary Schools have received Rs. 50,000 and newly opened rs and schools under SSA have received Rs. 10,000 for purchase of various teaching learning equipment, same has been utilized in full. TEACHING LEARNING GRANT: TLM Grant of Rs. 500/=per has been released to all school teachers under SSA visited by the MI team. It was found that the funds have been properly utilized by the teachers, as almost all the teachers have developed teaching aids for all subjects skillfully. Some of teaching aids have been purchased. SCHOOL GRANT: All Primary and Up graded Primary schools housed in Govt. building have been provided with an amount of Rs. 2,000/= and Rs. 4000/= for maintenance of schools. As per revised norms Rs. 5,000/= and Rs. 7,000/= are to be released for the same. FREE TEXT BOOKS Free text books are being provided to all enrolled children for all subjects in the schools within 10 ­ 15 days of starting of new academic session books are distributed among students of all classes. BRC's/ZRC's/CRC's: Cluster level resource centres have been established either in ZEO's office building a in one of the schools falling in the cluster BRC's/ZRC's have been constructed at Zonal/Block level with all facilities, like office space, training hall for training teachers and computer facilities. TEACHING'S TRAINING: From 2004 teachers have received days training every year during winter vacations at Zonal level. In 2008 12 days teachers training was imparted at BRC's for in-service teachers. It was found that 90% teachers in schools visited by MI team were not imparted subject specific training during the training courses, however, teachers were of the opinion that need based and subject specific training be imparted by trained personnel in future. KGBV 24

Under KGBV five residential schools have been opened in District Pulwama. MI visited one KGBV at BagS sangarwari with in take capacity of 100 girls (Model 1st ). Vidayalaya is functioning in a rented building with out bathroom and toilet facility. 2 room and one hall serve as class room as well as bed room for 100 girls.

COMPUTER EDUCATION: Computer education has already BEEN INTRODUCED IN SCHOOLS. Computer lab with 4 to 5 set of computers, one trained computer teacher were found in the school visited by MI team. NEPGEL In District Pulwama 22 schools are functional under NEPGEL. Monitorning assistance upto to the tune of Rs. 30,000 have been provided to the schools, for library Training equipment, teaching learning equipment, sports equipment etc. In the school visited by MI team, it was found that enrolled girls of class 6th , 7th & 8th and some girls who are either out of school or school drop outs from the locality were given training in Ari work and Tailing in 2006-07 session of the school.

DISTRICT PROFILE BARAMULA The Baramulla District is 55kms from the summer capital Srinagar. It is located at 34.1 degree North Latitude and 72.2 degree East Latitude. It is located about 1600 meters from the sea level. It is bounded by Kupwara district in the North, Budgam and Poonch in the South, parts of Srinagar and the newly created district Bandipora in the East and has the line of control in the west. Before the division of erstwhile district Baramulla was the largest District in entire valley both with reference to the population & area. District was spread over an area of 4588 Sq Kms and it population according to 2001 projection is 8.61 lacs which is estimated at over 11.69 as per census of 2001. The projected population for 2006 is over 12 Lacs comprising of 640816 males and 583385 Females. District Bandipora has been carved out from the district and the new area of district Baramulla is now 4190 sq. kms. The District is now administratively divided in to 8 Tehsils namely Pattan, Kreeri, uri, Boniyar, Tangmarg, Sopore, Rafaiabad, and Baramulla. 12 CD Blocks namely i. Uri, ii. Baramulla, iii. Boniyar, iv. Wagoora, v. Rohama, vi. Zanigeer, vii. Pattan, viii. Singpore, ix. Kunzer, x. Rafiabad, xi. Sopore, xii. Tangmarg. These blocks are further divided into 195 No. of Panchayats for administrative convenience which consists of 520 inhabited villages and 11 uninhabited villages. There are 2 25

municipal councils (Baramulla and Sopore) , 4 municipal committees. There were 660 villages out of which 3 villages of zone Singhpora-Pattan have been added to district Srinagar . Four villages from zone Kunzar have been added to district Budgam and 129 villages of district Bandipora have been separated from the district with the number reaching to 531. Physical features of the District Baramulla District has severe cold in winter and pleasant weather in summer. Annual rain fall in the District is usually registered 1270 mm. In hilly areas soil is fertile but in the plain areas it is very fertile. About 88% of the population lives in villages and 12% in urban areas. The district is inhabited by Kashmirie, Punjabi, Gogrie and Pahari speaking people. Baramulla District is now administratively divided into 8 Tehsils,. 12 CD Blocks sub- divided into 195 No. of Panchayats which consists of 520 inhabited villages and 11 uninhabited villages. There are 2 municipal councils(Baramulla and Sopore) , 4 municipal committees. There were 660 villages out of which 3 villages of zone Singhpora (Pattan) have been added to district Srinagar. Four villages from zone Kunzar have bee added to district Budgam.129 villages of District Bandipora have been separated and the total villages are now 531. District Year Blocks Educational Zones Clusters Villages Total Habitations Primary Schools 1. Eligible Schools less habitations for PS 2. Government Primary Schools 3. Building Less Schools 4. Government Aided Schools 5. Sanctioned Teachers 6. Working Teachers 7. Government Aided Teachers 8. Government Teachers 9. Total Child Population ( 6-11 Age Group) 10. Total Enrolment (All) 11. Total Enrolment ( Govt.+ Govt. aided) 12 Total Girls Enrolment 13. Total Boys Enrolment 14. SC Girls Enrolment 15. SC Boys Enrolment 16. ST Girls Enrolment 17. ST Boys Enrolment 18. Out of School Children Upper Primary Transition Rate 26 Baramulla 2008-09 10 18 136 524 1925 32 856 217 o 2069 2069 0 2069 112088 105783 84232 51026 54757 0 0 1940 2367 4696

19.

20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30 31. 32. 33. 34. 35 36. 37. 38. 39. 40 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46.

Eligible School Less Habitations for UPS Government Schools Building Less Schools Government Aided Schools Sanctioned Teachers Working Teachers Government Aided Teachers Government Teachers Total Child Population ( 11-14 Age Group) Total Enrolment (All) Total Enrolment ( Govt.+ Govt. aided) Total Girl Enrolment Total Boys Enrolment SC Girls Enrolment SC Boys Enrolment ST Girls Enrolment ST Boys Enrolment Out of School Children Total Children with special Needs Identified Total Population ( 6-14) Total Enrolment (P+UP) Total Out of Schools Total SC Boys Total ST Boys Total SC Girls Total ST Girls Total SC+ST

47 531 49 0 4345 4345 o 4345 57331 52799 41187 25030 27769 0 0 420 816 4532 4840 165750 158582 9228 0 79 0 79 158

Percentage of male, female literacy in Total/ Rural/ Urban population 1981 and 2001. Persons 1981 30.64 Total Rural Urban 25.01 51.12 48.22 72.17 36.35 59.87 60.34 80.30 12.19 41.05 35.09 62.22 2001 54.46 Males 1981 41.46 2001 65.75 Females 1981 18.37 2001 41.82

(Source: A Handbook of Census 2001, J&K State The educational facilities of various types available in the District upto Elementary level are tabled below:-

Sector

EGS Centres

Primary schools

Upper primary Schools 27 471

High Schools (Having elementary Facility) 99

Govt

496

804

Private institutions Sector private Primary schools 97 Middle schools 137 High schools 39

Opening of the Schools 384 Pry. Schools, 496 EGS Centers from 2002-03 to 2005-06 were opened and for the year 2006-07,2008 no new schools were sanctioned. Likewise 328 primary schools have been upgraded to upper primary level in this period. It has given encouraging results, in the shape of swelling enrollment and less drop out rate due to easy access to schools providing elementary education. During 2006-07 the district has been able to enroll near about 2000 out of school children in the existing schools. In District Baramulla so far 384 primary schools were opened under SSA and 1860 Ret's (teachers) have been engaged. The schools have facilitated access to 41187 children and resulted in not enrollment of 158582 in newly opened schools. Under the up gradation programs 328 Primary schools were upgraded and 1860 Ret's have been engaged. No. of Elementary Schools / EGS at Zonal Level S. No 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. Name of the Zone Baramulla Boniyar Chandanwari Chandoosa Dan Gerpora Dangi wacha Fatehgarh Julla Kunzar Nehalpora Pattan Rohama Singpora ( K) Singpora ( P) Sopora Tangmarg Uri No. of Primary Schools 43 47 53 23 56 53 26 49 47 48 46 39 26 44 61 52 56 28 No. of upper Primary Schools 26 19 22 23 50 23 15 15 22 39 39 34 20 26 29 30 19

18. Wagoora Total

S. Zone No 1. Baramulla 2011 2041 4052 189 2. Boniyar 1841 1409 3250 321 3. Chandanwari 1750 1455 3205 482 4. Chandoosa 842 851 1693 302 5. Dangerpora 3564 3707 7271 799 6. Dangiwacha 1584 1622 3206 362 7. Fatehgarh 1170 1151 2321 153 8. Jullah 1500 1094 2594 444 9. Kunzar 2039 2038 4077 339 10. Nehalpora 2269 2442 4711 855 11. Pattan 2285 2366 4651 602 12. Rohama 2185 2201 4366 456 13. Singhpora K 1256 1228 2484 149 14. Singhpora P 2537 2433 4970 816 15. Sopore 2944 3106 6050 194 16. Tangmarg 1932 1981 3913 424 17. Uri 1383 1190 2572 293 18. Wagoora 1559 1648 3207 336 Total 34650 33963 68613 7516

35 30 859 420 District: Baramulla Data on Enrollment (Govt.+ EGS and Pvt.) 6-11 Govt. EGS NRBC Boys Girls Total Boys Girls Total Boys Girls Total 255 380 524 329 914 400 189 458 309 950 522 432 147 881 251 476 354 332 8103 444 701 1006 631 1713 762 342 902 648 1805 1124 888 296 1697 445 900 647 668 15619 0 19 59 144 15 27 56 51 44 0 25 48 29 30 25 15 29 34 650 0 26 86 211 20 38 82 77 65 0 37 71 43 45 39 23 44 52 959 0 45 145 355 35 65 138 128 109 0 62 119 72 75 64 38 73 86 1609

Civil Work In District Baramulla most of the schools are running in the private rented buildings. These school buildings are not properly maintained and looked after. Under SSA a grant programme of civil works has been started and 519 primary schools and 84 upper primary school buildings were constructed in the district. So far 768 additional class rooms have been constructed, 328 primary schools have been up graded to upper primary level under SSA. Progress of Civil work under SSA from 2002 to 2008 Buildings Year Target Completed. 3 roomed 2002-03 20 20 primary school 2003-04 125 125 building 2004-05 25 25 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 1.B Additional 3 roomed primary schools 78 251 190 78 251 Nil

S. No 1. A

2003-08

20

20

29

Total ( A+B) Additional Accommodation

2002-08

519

268

Enrollment over the year in Government schools has been increasing especially in rural areas. The accommodation as such provided years before does not suffice this increased roll, a good number of schools from primary to upper primary level require additional accommodation. Construction of BRC's & CRC's In District Baramulla 10 BRC's and 32 number of CRC's were earmarked in different year plans from 2003-06 out of which 9 BRC's and 32 number of CRC's have been completed. The construction of one BRC at Uri has not been taken up due to non availability of land. It is worthwhile to mention here that the maximum BRC's and CRC's were found locked during all the monitoring days and if found open at some places neither CRC's and ZRP's nor their movement registers were found. Besides, their intervention is limited to only visit the schools once or twice in a year. The year-wise construction works under taken in the district Baramulla (including Bandipora) is tabled below: Year Total Approved civil works Primary School (3 Roomed ) 1. Upper Primary Schools (5 Roomed) 4 A.C.R (1 Roomed) BRC CRC

200220 65 0 0 03 2. 2003132 0 100 7 5 04 3. 200438 10 78 6 20 05 4. 200578 20 0 1 50 06 5. 2006251 50 525 0 0 07 6. 2007190 0 0 0 0 08 Total 709 84 768 14 75 *GOI has accorded sanction for construction of 190 three roomed school buildings for the year 2007-08 for both the erstwhile district Baramulla , however no administrative approval /budget for new constructions has been accorded/released so far. EGS The District has at present 496 EGC Centres functional with an enrollment of 15619 children in which 2000 EV's are engaged and EG's Centres were upgraded into primary 30

schools. Mid day meals and free text books are provided to the children. All the educational volunteers were imparted training at the time of induction on teaching methodology and development of teaching aids.

SCHOOL GRANT Each primary and upgraded primary schools has been provided a recurring grant of Rs. 2,000/= for either repairs of TLE or for replacement of worn out and obsolete TLE. The concerned CEO informed monitoring team that as per the revised norms every primary school and upper primary school shall be provided grant of Rs. 5,000/ and 7,000/= respectively.

Teaching Learning equipment Grant: It was found during monitoring that about 90% of newly opened primary schools teaching learning equipment grant of Rs. 10,000 each has been released for purchase of various teaching learning equipments. For upgraded primary schools the grant has been provided to the tune of Rs. 50,000/= each.

TEACHERS TLM GRANT The Grant for Development of TLM has been provided to all the teachers in the schools visited by MI team at the elementary level. The teachers were given training on how to develop requisite improvised teaching learning material for use in the class rooms. The TLM grant is released to the head master or teacher of the school directly. But during the visit to the schools in the District it was observed that majority of the teachers have not developed TLM but purchased ready made from the market. SCHOOL MAINTANCE GRANT: The school maintenance grant is meant for maintenance of Govt. school buildings. The MI was found that primary schools housed in Govt. buildings were provided this grant to the tune Rs. 4,000/= each and upper primary schools housed in government building were provided grant to the tune Rs. 7,000/= each. TEXT BOOKS Free text books have been provided to all the children in the subject for all the classes. The procurement and distribution of books has been made well in time, i.e. at the time of starting of academic year without any delay. The teachers and students however informed the monitoring team that books of "Kashmiri" were not provided to the children especially for class 7th and 8th. The concerned educational officer informed as per the revised 31

norms all children will get free text books within an upper ceiling of Rs. 150/= per child at primary level and Rs. 250/= at upper primary level.

BRC's /CRC's /ZRC's A notable achievement of the District under SSA has been the revamping of the resource centres at the District, Block, Zonal and Cluster level. In the District 14 BRC's were constructed with facilities like, training hall and computer room for documentation etc. All the ZRC's and CRC's have established their resource centres at their respective ZEO's offices or lead schools. TEACHER TRAINING Teacher training is very imparted component for ensuring enrollment of children in schools and providing them quality educations. Earlier 20 days capacity building training was given to the teachers during winter vacations it has been now reduced to 12 days only in 2007-08. Teachers of Primary and Upper Primary level were coursed in the capacity building training programmes where emphasis was being laid on the role of a teacher as a facilitations. Teachers were imparted training keeping in view the learning needs of the learners in the year 2007-08 about 2000 teachers were trained so far and some number will receive training in second phase, as reported by DRG members, ZRP's , CRP's and teachers the training is being gives to know- how about the motivation of children and teaching learning strategies. However, during monitoring and school visits by MI personals, the teachers were not found satisfy with the management, organizing, duration, contents and deliverance of training and resource persons. The teaching methodology and development of lesson specific aids was found very poor in the schools.

EV's TRAINING In the year 2007-08, 20 days capacity building training was imparted to 200 EV's of the District for their active involvement in translating the dream of univerlisation of primary and elementary education into a reality. NPEGEL (National programme of education for Girl at Elementary Level). Under this intervention a target of 41 model cluster schools were identified and construction has been made. In Baramulla district 32 model cluster centres. were upgraded and provided with one ACR drinking water and toilet facility. The Centres have been provided with TLE grant of Rs. 10,000/=, Craft grant of Rs. 10,000, library books worth Rs. 5,000/=, and Sport goods worth Rs. 5,000/= also. The District has engaged female coordinators one for each educational zone and they are being sensitized on girl education. They have conducted door to door surveys in these model culuster and have gathered information on out of school an d drop out girls. However, in certain zones the NPEGEL Centres are either non functional or were used for office purposes by the headmasters. Table Showing Targets/Achievements of NPEGEL from 2004-05 to 200708 32

S. No

Year

No. Of Model Cluster Schools approved

No. Of Model Cluster Schools made functional 15 25 0 Partially Established

Amount Released (in Lacs) For DW Facility @ Rs 0.20 Lacs 3.00 5.00 0.00 For Toilet Facility @ 0.30 Lacs 4.50 7.50 0.00 For Addl Class room @ 1.50 Lacs 22.50 37.50 0.00 TLE Grant @ 0.30 Lacs 4.50 7.50 0.00 -

1. 2. 3. 4

200405 200506 200607 200708

15 25 0 28

COMPUTER EDUCATION (CAL) Computer education has already been introduced in the District in 12 elementary schools. These schools have been provided with the harmase and the computer trained teacher to provides technical computer education to children. One assistant programmer and data entry operator is also engaged to provide computer education training to selected teachers in the zones. KGBV (Kastuba Gandhi Balika Vidayalaya) Under KGBV the District of Baramulla has made operationilization of one residential school of mode 1st in which 100 girls were enrolled in the year 2006 and on the visit only 65 were found present in the Vidayalya and 45 girls have dropped out reason is non residential mode. The Girls are either orphans or whose those families cannot afford education of their girls. The Centre is functional and functioning in a rented building at Beniyar zone of Baramulla District. The ZEO informed that amount for construction of KGBV building under SSA has already been received and execution of work will be started very soon. The land for the construction of the KGBV has been donated by the NHPC ( National Hydro Power Cooperation) J & K State.

33

NRBC (Non Residential Bridge Course Centres) Table: Number of NRBC centres with enrolment and Evs engaged thereof. S.NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Name of the Zone Baramulla Boniyar Chandanwari Chandoosa Dangerpora Dangiwacha Fatehgarh Jullah Kunzer Nehalpora Pattan Rohama Singhpora Kalan Singhpora Pattan Sopore No. of NRBC centres 0 4 13 33 3 5 12 12 10 0 5 11 7 7 6 34 No. Of EVs 0 4 13 33 3 5 12 12 10 0 5 11 7 7 6 Total enrollment 0 45 145 355 35 65 138 128 109 0 62 119 72 75 64

16 17 18

Tangmarg Uri Wagoora TOTAL

4 7 8 147

4 7 8 147

38 73 86 1609

It is a matter of joy for the district to establish NRBC centres level-1 where in 1609 children, who were either dropouts or never enrolled, have been enrolled in these centres which has brought down a handsome percentage of out of school children in the district.

DISE (District Information System for Education) As observed DISE is very effective in District Baramulla. During the year 2007-08 a sound data base has been established for the 5th consecutive year by conducting surveys and collecting first hand data. The Chief Education Officer with the help of DRG members has conducted number of orientation programmes and workshops for the field functionaries for filing up of prescribed formats and collection of data at the school level. In order to sketch the real position at school and grass root level, the District has engaged two data entry operators posted at District office and are DEO at Zonal level for compilation and consolidation of feed data.

Monitoring, Evaluation and Research Since Monitoring is very essential component of SSA and the essence and basic spirit lies in community participation at all levels. Community is supposed to monitor the activities of SSA but as observed by MI neither the participation of community has been ensured nor have effort been made so far in this regard by the field functionaries and Ujala society as per the guidelines all the schools are required to have notice board showing total enrolment class in the school, grants received by the school and grants utilized etc and targets covered. No such, information board were found in any of the schools MI visited also the VEC's are supposed to review the performance of the school in the monthly review meetings and to take immediate corrective measures. But no such review meetings are conducted due to non existence and non functionality of VEC's/SMC's. Continuous monitoring and evaluation of various components of the scheme is the responsibility of ZRP's and CRP's as per the guidelines. Though a number of ZRP's and CRP's were assigned this job but it has been observed that they do not perform their duty satisfactory because of lack of accountability on the part of concerned authorities.. At the State level, Research Advisory Committee has been constituted. The advisory committee has already selected and identified some areas of research which includes. 1. Access 2. Infra structure 3. Enrollment 35

4. 5. 6. 7.

Retention. Achievement levels Girls education Social disparities.

As reported by the District Education authorities that State Project Director, has advised not to conduct any research at district level unless a base line research will be conducted to identify base line indicators for research at the state level.

General Observations Enrolment: Although various acts with regard to enrolment have been enacted, but the desired targets have not been achieved so far in this respect. The problem of Universalization of enrolment in rural areas is more complicated than urban areas. The main reason for this can be attributed to the following: Ignorance of parents Financial difficulties Conservative attitude of parents Child labour Assigning home jobs to girls Drop Outs: A fair number of drop out Children of the schools at various stages of their study. The main causes identified for the same are as under: Unattractive school environment Rising cost of living Child Labour Social Reasons Lack of quality Education Problem of no benefit from education Migration of bakarwal community Quality Education: 36

There is a vast room and need for improvement of quality of Education as it directly tells upon the other parameters of Elementary Education like enrolment, retention rate, etc., The main causes of low quality education can be summarized as:Poor child Centered Approach Unsuitable Curriculum Teacher Absenteeism Inadequate Schooling facilities Lack of interest, sympathy, aptitude of Teacher Inefficient teaching techniques Community Ownership: The problem concerned with Community ownership can be attributed to the following:Lack of training of VECs Politically Motivated Members Petty personal interests No administrative powers · As per the academic calendar issued by the Directorate of School Education Kashmir there is 15 Days summer vacations in June July and Winter Vacations for Three months during December to February to all the schools in the Valley. The number of functioning Days of Schools are depending upon the whether conditions and on the spell of Vacations days during a session Continuous and comprehensive Unit tests and term are being conducted in the school to evaluate the performance of children at a regular intervals in all the visited schools. The children were having a good rapport with the school teachers in all the visited schools A negligible percentage of children were found under aged, over aged or retained in the schools visited No health camps have been organized in any of the schools visited by MI in Anantnag Pulwama and Baramula. It has been observed that the CRPs and ZRPs are rarely monitoring the Schools in their respective Districts. The Schools teachers are giving less importance to the monthly meetings and interactive meeting which are organized at zonal levels and block level. 37

·

· ·

·

·

·

There is poor monitoring and lack of frequent monitoring visits in the schools which are distant from the Zonal or District offices. The teachers in most of the schools are purchasing ready made TLM from market and do not prepare Low Cost TLM at all. Some of the teachers even do not utilize the TLM funds received from ZEO. Most of the EGS Centres are not monitored by the CRPs and ZRPs resulting in the delay of funds and poor management in the EGS. CWSN children be identified and provide aid by the direct intervension of the District and Zonal authorities to avoid further delay in the medcal aid to the children. No health Camp organized by zones in any of the schools in the visited schools. Health Camps be conducted in every educational Zone to provide aid and treatment to the children having general deseases, Deficiecy and Malnutition.

·

·

· · ·

·

The DISE has been made operational in all the three Districts of the Kashmir Division and DISE data has been submitted in the first weak of March 2008 to NUEPA, New Delhi. However certain problems are being encountered by the field functionaries while collecting Data. The data collecting Field programmers as well as Assistant programmers need up- graduation in the skill of handling DISE.

·

Impression on Safety Hygiene and Cleanness It was observed by the MI that MDM is cooking satisfactorily in better conditions in almost all the visited school. However the quality is rated as under: Safety Very Good in all the visited Schools Hygiene Very Good in all the visited Schools Cleanliness Very good in visited Schools Discipline among students Very Good in all the visited schools The MI team observed that in 80% visited Schools the children are instructed and encouraged to wash hands before and after the Mid Day Meals. A negligible percentage of schools were having community participation in the monitoring and supervision of MDM. There was no cash or kind contribution of parents or communiy any organization in MDM of the Schools.

· · · · ·

Suggestions · It is suggested that Cluster Resource persons and Zonal Resource persons be oriented on their role and responsibility in SSA.they may properly sign the arrivals and and maintain movement register. 38

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The CRCs and BRCs are giving poor and insufficient academic support to the school teacher. They are not interacting or discussing on the issues of the process of teaching learning thereby no intervention is seen.. It is suggested that a proper mechanism be adopted by the authorities to ensure the participation of teachers in monthly review meetings.. The procesure and duration of Release of various grants to schools be shortened and be continuously monitored by District authorities through ZRPs and CRPs. The monitoring format EMIS be effectively administered in every school and EGS Centres by the Education authorities at various levels. The school teacher be properly oriented on the development and use and Display of Low Cost TLM. EGS Centres be properly monitored supervised by the concerned authorities. Health Camps be conducted in every educational Zone to provide aid and treatment to the children.. Researches be coducted on the issues related to the Educational Development of the Children and problems faced during teaching learning.. Release of MDM grant for purchase of Utensils etc be ensured by the Education authorities as early as early possible. School authorities be provided with the funds for constructing cooking sheds for MDM. Orientation of VEC members be conducted for smoth functioning of VEC and realization of their role in SSA. Transfer / arrangement of teachers be made on the basis of pupil teacher ratio through Internal arrangement. And also transfer of teachers be made from the schools having excess staff to the schools with deficient staff. Toilet facility be provided to the schools lacking the facility and renovation of non functional Toilets in the schools be taken up on priority. Grading of status of schools be made on the basis of management, performance and cleanliness of the schools to encourage the school management. Kashmiri Language Books for Class eight be made available to the children and also the books in other subjects be issued to the schools in timet.

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Community participation be ensured in the school management , and other related matter. Monthly meetings of VCE be conducted under the close supervision of ZRPs and CRPs. Accountability of ZRPs, CRPs and other field functionaries associated with monitoring be ensured. 39

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