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Per Capita Consumption

The NMFS calculation of per capita consumption is based on a "disappearance" model. The total U.S. supply of imports and landings is converted to edible weight and decreases in supply such as exports are subtracted out. The remaining total is divided by a population value to estimate per capita consumption. Data for the model are derived primarily from secondary sources and are subject to incomplete reporting; changes in source data or invalid model assumptions may each have a significant effect on the resulting calculation. U.S. per capita consumption of fish and shellfish attained a record 16.6 pounds (edible meat) in 2004. This total was 0.3 pounds more than the 16.3 pounds consumed in 2003. Per capita consumption of fresh and frozen products was 11.8 pounds, 0.4 pound more than 2003. Fresh and frozen finfish accounted for 5.5 pounds while fresh and frozen shellfish consumption was 6.3 pounds per capita. The fresh and frozen finfish includes approximately 1.1 pounds of domestically produced farm raised catfish. Consumption of canned fishery products was 4.5 pounds per capita in 2004, 0.1 pound less than the 4.6 pounds in 2003. Cured fish accounted for 0.3 pound per capita, the same as in previous years. Imports of edible seafood made up 80 percent of the consumption. PER CAPITA USE. Per capita use is based on the supply of fishery products, both edible and non-edible (industrial), on a round-weight equivalent basis without considering beginning or ending stocks, defense purchases, or exports. The per capita use of all edible and industrial fishery products in 2004 was 69.3 pounds, up 1.1 pounds compared with 2003. WORLD CONSUMPTION. The FAO calculation for apparent consumption is based on a disappearance model. The three year average considers, on a round weight equivalent basis, a countries landings, imports, and exports. The revised 1999-2001 data indicates that the United States ranks as the third largest consumer of seafood in the world.

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Per Capita Consumption

U.S. Consumption

Annual per capita consumption of seafood products represents the pounds of edible meat consumed from domestically-caught and imported fish and shellfish adjusted for and exports, divided by the civilian population of the United States as of July 1 of each year.

U.S. ANNUAL PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION OF COMMERCIAL FISH AND SHELLFISH, 1910-2004 Civilian Per capita consumption resident Year population Fresh and Canned Cured Total July 1 (1) frozen (2) (3) (4) Million persons - - - - - - - -Pounds, edible meat- - - - - - - 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 (5) 2004 92.2 106.5 122.9 132.1 150.8 178.1 201.9 225.6 227.8 230.0 232.1 234.1 236.2 238.4 240.6 242.8 245.1 247.8 250.5 253.5 256.4 259.2 261.4 264.0 266.4 269.1 271.5 280.9 283.6 287.1 289.6 292.4 4.5 6.3 5.8 5.7 6.3 5.7 6.9 7.9 7.8 7.9 8.4 9.0 9.8 9.8 10.7 10.0 10.2 9.6 9.7 9.9 10.2 10.4 10.0 10.0 9.9 10.2 10.4 10.2 10.3 11.0 11.4 *11.8 2.8 3.2 3.4 4.6 4.9 4.0 4.5 4.3 4.6 4.3 4.7 4.9 5.0 5.4 5.2 4.9 5.1 5.1 4.9 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.7 4.7 4.2 4.3 4.6 4.5 3.9 2.3 1.0 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 11.2 11.8 10.2 11.0 11.8 10.3 11.8 12.5 12.7 12.5 13.4 14.2 15.1 15.5 16.2 15.2 15.6 15.0 14.9 14.8 15.0 15.2 15.0 14.8 14.6 14.9 15.4 15.2 14.8 15.6 16.3 *16.6

(1) Resident population for 1910 and 1920 and civilian resident population for 1930 to date. (2) Fresh and frozen fish consumption for 1910 and 1920 is estimated. Beginning in 1973, data include consumption of cultivated catfish. (3) Canned fish consumption for 1920 is estimated. Beginning in 1921, it is based on production reports, packer stocks, and foreign trade statistics for individual years. (4) Cured fish consumption for 1910 and 1920 is estimated. (5) The use of beginning and ending inventories was discontiued as of 2003. *Record years: Canned--5.8, 1936; Cured--4.0, 1909.

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Per Capita Consumption

Year 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004

U.S. Consumption

U.S. ANNUAL PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION OF CANNED FISHERY PRODUCTS, 1980-2004

Salmon Sardines Tuna Shellfish Other Total - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Pounds - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 3.0 3.0 2.8 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.6 3.5 3.6 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.3 3.4 3.2 3.1 3.4 3.5 3.5 2.9 3.1 3.4 3.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 4.3 4.6 4.3 4.7 4.9 5.0 5.4 5.2 4.9 5.1 5.1 4.9 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.7 4.7 4.2 4.3 4.6 4.5

U.S. ANNUAL PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION OF CERTAIN FISHERY ITEMS, 1980-2004

Year Fillets Sticks Shrimp, and and all portions preparation steaks (1) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Pounds (2) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.7 3.0 3.2 3.4 3.6 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.9 3.1 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.2 3.2 3.6 3.7 4.1 4.3 * 4.6 2.0 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.2 0.9 1.0 0.9 1.2 1.0 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.7 1.9 2.0 2.2 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.7 2.8 3.0 3.2 3.4 3.7 4.0 * 4.2

1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004

(1) Data include groundfish and other species. Data do not include blocks, but fillets could be made into blocks from which sticks and portions could be produced. (2) Product weight of fillets and steaks, sticks and portions; edible (meat)weight of shrimp. *Record

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Per Capita Consumption

Region and Country Estimated live weight equivalent Kilograms Pounds 23.9 84.3 72.4 21.3 52.7 185.8 159.6 47.0 Region and Country

World Consumption

ANNUAL PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION OF FISH AND SHELLFISH FOR HUMAN FOOD, BY REGION AND COUNTRY, 1999-2001 AVERAGE

Estimated live weight equivalent Kilograms Pounds 20.6 2.8 3.4 7.4 10.3 22.6 19.2 86.5 30.3 29.7 1.0 12.2 22.7 4.1 91.5 14.8 23.1 3.4 0.6 11.9 40.5 4.2 33.5 4.5 21.9 50.0 9.6 57.4 2.6 19.1 6.7 7.0 43.9 26.0 15.4 0.1 2.1 12.8 20.2 0.4 2.7 45.4 6.2 7.5 16.3 22.7 49.8 42.3 190.7 66.8 65.5 2.2 26.9 50.0 9.0 201.7 32.6 50.9 7.5 1.3 26.2 89.3 9.3 73.9 9.9 48.3 110.2 21.2 126.5 5.7 42.1 14.8 15.4 96.8 57.3 34.0 0.2 4.6 28.2 44.5 0.9 6.0

North America:

Canada Greenland St. Pierre and Miquelon United States

Europe - Continued:

Belgium and Luxembourg Bosnia-Hercegovina Bulgaria Croatia Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Faeroe Island Finland France Georgia Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lithuania Macedonia Malta Moldova Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Tajikistan Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Yugoslavia

Caribbean:

Anguilla Antigua Aruba Bahamas Barbados Bermuda British Virgin Islands Cayman Islands Cuba Dominica Dominican Republic Grenada Guadeloupe Haiti Jamaica Martinique Netherland Antilles Puerto Rico Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Vincent Trinidad-Tobago Turks & Caicos U.S. Virgin Islands 22.7 32.2 42.7 22.3 36.3 30.9 3.5 6.7 12.4 35.2 9.5 29.7 22.9 2.6 19.4 16.1 14.5 1.0 31.4 30.2 14.7 9.9 33.0 2.6 50.0 71.0 94.1 49.2 80.0 68.1 7.7 14.8 27.3 77.6 20.9 65.5 50.5 5.7 42.8 35.5 32.0 2.2 69.2 66.6 32.4 21.8 72.8 5.7

Latin America:

Argentina Belize Bolivia Brazil Chile Colombia Costa Rica Ecuador El Salvador French Guiana Guatemala Guyana Honduras Mexico Nicaragua Panama Paraguay Peru Suriname Uruguay Venezuela 9.4 14.2 2.1 6.5 15.3 4.1 6.3 5.8 3.0 34.2 1.5 51.5 2.2 10.4 4.1 10.5 4.8 20.1 18.0 8.4 16.8 20.7 31.3 4.6 14.3 33.7 9.0 13.9 12.8 6.6 75.4 3.3 113.5 4.9 22.9 9.0 23.1 10.6 44.3 39.7 18.5 37.0

Near East:

Afghanistan Bahrain Cyprus Egypt Iran Iraq Israel Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Libya Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Sudan Syria Turkey United Arab Emirates Yemen Republic (Continued on next page) 0.0 13.9 24.7 14.1 4.7 1.0 20.9 4.0 8.2 9.2 6.6 25.8 14.7 6.8 1.8 1.8 7.1 26.0 6.1 0.0 30.6 54.5 31.1 10.4 2.2 46.1 8.8 18.1 20.3 14.6 56.9 32.4 15.0 4.0 4.0 15.7 57.3 13.4

Europe:

Albania Armenia Austria Azerbaijan Belarus See note at end of table. 3.2 0.9 11.1 0.9 10.0 7.1 2.0 24.5 2.0 22.0

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Per Capita Consumption

Region and Country Estimated live weight equivalent Kilograms Pounds Region and Country

World Consumption

ANNUAL PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION OF FISH AND SHELLFISH FOR HUMAN FOOD, BY REGION AND COUNTRY, 1999-2001 AVERAGE

Estimated live weight equivalent Kilograms Pounds

Far East:

Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Burma Cambodia China China - Hong Kong China - Macao China - Taipei India Indonesia Japan Laos Malaysia Maldives Mongolia Nepal North Korea Pakistan Philippines Singapore South Korea Sri Lanka Thailand Viet Nam 11.6 0.2 29.1 18.2 22.9 25.4 58.0 35.7 32.5 4.8 20.2 66.1 14.1 60.0 187.3 0.2 1.3 8.2 2.4 30.0 29.3 52.4 21.9 32.3 18.6 25.6 0.4 64.2 40.1 50.5 56.0 127.9 78.7 71.6 10.6 44.5 145.7 31.1 132.3 412.9 0.4 2.9 18.1 5.3 66.1 64.6 115.5 48.3 71.2 41.0

Africa - Continued:

Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Reunion Rwanda Sao Tome Senegal Seychelles Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa Saint Helena Swaziland Tanzania Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe 4.0 8.3 11.5 22.9 8.4 2.5 14.0 1.0 7.6 5.6 0.9 13.7 29.2 57.6 14.6 2.1 6.9 85.4 5.7 7.4 11.1 10.5 8.1 6.8 1.7 8.8 18.3 25.4 50.5 18.5 5.5 30.9 2.2 16.8 12.3 2.0 30.2 64.4 127.0 32.2 4.6 15.2 188.3 12.6 16.3 24.5 23.1 17.9 15.0 3.7

Africa:

Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Rep Chad Comoros Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Djibouti Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Ivory Coast Kenya Liberia Madagascar 3.6 14.6 8.8 3.9 2.3 1.9 13.6 21.9 4.1 6.9 18.6 18.3 6.0 1.3 16.9 2.4 0.2 44.1 23.5 29.7 12.8 2.1 15.0 5.6 5.6 7.6 7.9 32.2 19.4 8.6 5.1 4.2 30.0 48.3 9.0 15.2 41.0 40.3 13.2 2.9 37.3 5.3 0.4 97.2 51.8 65.5 28.2 4.6 33.1 12.3 12.3 16.8

Oceania:

American Samoa Australia Cook Island Fiji French Polynesia Guam Kiribati Marshall Islands Micronesia Nauru New Caledonia New Zealand Niue Northern Mariana Islands Palau Papua New Guinea Solomon Islands Tokelau Tonga Tuvalu Vanuatu Wallis and Futuna Islands Western Samoa 1.8 21.7 53.4 32.8 48.8 2.9 75.5 9.4 45.5 33.3 23.5 25.5 100.0 3.4 91.8 15.6 40.4 200.0 46.3 41.3 31.2 14.0 63.9 4.0 47.8 117.7 72.3 107.6 6.4 166.4 20.7 100.3 73.4 51.8 56.2 220.5 7.5 202.4 34.4 89.1 440.9 102.1 91.0 68.8 30.9 140.9

World

16.1

35.5

Note:--Data for most countries are tentative. Aquatic plants are included where applicable. Source:--Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)

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Per Capita Consumption

U.S. Use

Per capita use of commercial fish and shellfish is based on the supply of fishery products, both edible and nonedible (industrial), on a round weight equivalent basis, without considering the beginning or ending stocks, defense purchases, or exports. Per capita use figures are not comparable with per capita consumption data. Per capita consumption figures represent edible (for human use) meat weight consumption rather than round weight consumption. In addition, per capita consumption includes allowances for beginning and ending stocks and exports, whereas the use does not include such allowances. Per capita use is derived by using total population including U.S. Armed Forces overseas. The per capita consumption is derived by using civilian resident population.

U.S ANNUAL PER CAPITA USE OF COMMERCIAL FISH AND SHELLFISH, 1960-2004 (1) Total population Per capita utilization including armed U.S. forces overseas supply Commercial Imports Total July 1 landings Million Million - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Pounds - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - persons pounds 180.7 183.7 186.5 189.2 191.9 194.3 196.6 198.7 200.7 202.7 205.1 207.7 209.9 211.9 213.9 216.0 218.0 220.2 222.6 225.1 227.7 230.0 232.2 234.3 236.3 238.5 240.7 242.8 245.0 247.3 249.9 252.7 255.5 258.2 260.7 263.0 265.3 268.2 270.6 272.9 282.3 285.0 288.4 291.0 293.9 8,223 9,570 10,408 11,434 12,031 10,535 12,469 13,991 17,381 11,847 11,474 11,804 13,849 10,378 9,875 10,164 11,593 10,652 11,509 11,831 11,357 11,353 12,011 12,352 12,552 15,150 14,368 15,744 14,628 15,485 16,349 16,363 16,106 20,334 19,309 16,484 16,474 17,132 16,897 17,378 17,338 18,118 19,028 19,849 20,373 27.3 28.2 28.7 25.6 23.7 24.6 22.2 20.4 20.7 21.4 24.0 24.1 22.9 22.9 23.2 22.6 24.7 23.9 27.1 27.9 28.5 26.0 27.4 27.5 27.3 26.2 25.1 28.4 29.3 34.2 37.6 37.5 37.7 40.6 40.1 37.2 36.1 36.7 34.0 34.2 32.1 33.3 32.6 32.7 32.8 18.2 23.9 27.1 34.8 39.0 29.6 41.2 50.0 65.9 37.0 31.9 32.7 43.1 26.1 23.0 24.5 28.5 24.4 24.6 24.7 21.4 23.4 24.3 25.2 25.8 37.3 34.6 36.4 30.4 28.4 27.8 27.3 25.3 38.2 34.0 25.5 26.0 27.2 28.5 29.5 29.3 30.3 33.4 35.5 36.5 45.5 52.1 55.8 60.4 62.7 54.2 63.4 70.4 86.6 58.4 55.9 56.8 66.0 49.0 46.2 47.1 53.2 48.3 51.7 52.6 49.9 49.4 51.7 52.7 53.1 63.5 59.7 64.8 59.7 62.6 65.4 64.8 63.0 78.8 74.1 62.7 62.1 63.9 62.5 63.7 61.4 63.6 66.0 68.2 69.3

Year

1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004

(1) Data include U.S. commercial landings and imports of both edible and nonedible (industrial) fishery products on a round weight basis. "Total supply" is not adjusted for beginning and ending stocks, defense purchases, or exports.

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