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Chapter

4

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Speed Control Passing keeping to the Right yielding the Right-of-way Pedestrians in a Crosswalk Intersections Entering Highways, Parkways and Turnpikes leaving Highways, Parkways and Turnpikes

safe Driving rules & Regulations

66 67 67 68 71 74 76 77 78 Special Highway, Parkway and Turnpike Conditions Curves Interchanges Turning Regulations Stopping Regulations using Headlights Parking Regulations Cellular Telephones littering

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sAFe Driving ruLes & reguLAtiOns

SPEED COnTROl

Exceedingthespeedlimitisacommoncontributingfactoroffatalandothertypes ofaccidents.Amotoristmustalwaysobeythespeedlimit.Speedaffectsalmost everythingthatcanhappenwhendriving.Agoodruleistokeepupwiththeflowof trafficatanylegalspeed.Inordertomakesafeemergencystopswhennecessary, itisimportanttokeepenoughdistancefromsurroundingtraffic.NewJerseylaw setstopspeedlimitsforanygivenroad,street,highwayorfreeway.

25 35

Speed limitS Speed limitS

Speed limitS

25 mph School zones, business or residential districts

35 mph Suburban business and residential districts

50 55 65

Speed limitS Speed limitS

50 mph non-posted rural roadways

55 mph Certain state highways (as posted) and interstates Motorists pay double fines for exceeding the 65mphlimitby10milesperhouror more.Double fines also apply to most other moving violations committed in a 65 mph zone. (n.J.s.a. 39:4-98.6)

65 mph Certain interstate highways (as posted)

new Jersey sPeeD Limits (unLess otherwise PosteD)

(N.J.S.A.39:4-98) Neverdrivefasterthanweather,roadorotherconditionssafelyallow,regardlessof thepostedspeedlimit.Amotoristshouldjudgehis/herspeedcontrolbyexisting conditions.Amotoristshouldslowdownenoughtobeabletoseeclearlyandstop quicklyintraffic.Failuretodosocanresultinamovingviolation. Alwaysslowdown: ·Onnarroworwindingroads ·Atintersectionsorrailroadcrossings ·Onhills ·Atsharporblindcurves ·Wheretherearepedestriansordrivinghazards ·Whentheroadiswetorslippery If vehicle problems prevent a motorist from keeping up with the normal flow of traffic,he/sheshouldpullofftheroadandactivatehazardlights.

DrivinG too sLowLy

Amotoristshouldalwaystrytokeepupwiththenormalflowoftraffic,whilenot exceedingthepostedspeedlimit.Somecollisionsarecausedbydrivingtooslowly andbackinguptraffic.Whenroadsurfacesandtrafficarenormal,NewJerseylaw prohibitsblockingtrafficthroughslowdriving.

sAfe corriDors(N.J.S.A.39:4-203.5)

In an effort to improve highway safety, New Jersey initiated the Safe Corridors Program,whichwassignedintolawinJuly2003.TheSafeCorridorslawdoubles finesonvariousstatehighwaysforavarietyofdrivingoffenses,includingspeeding and aggressive driving. Highways are designated as safe based on statistics showingcrashrates50percentoverthestaterateand1,000ormorecrashes reportedoverathree-yearperiod.TheCommissionerofTransportationhasthe authority to designate highways as necessary, as well as to remove those that showimprovedsafetylevels.ThelawtookeffectonFebruary15,2004.Acurrent list of Safe Corridor highways is available on the New Jersey Department of TransportationWebsiteatwww.nj.gov/transportation.

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sAFe Driving ruLes & reguLAtiOns

Amotoristmustknowtheproperlanefornormaldrivingandhowtochangelanes safely.Therulesforpassingdependonthetypeofroad.Staytotherightofthe roadway'scenterlines.Passingisonlysafewhenthereisnooncomingtraffic.

PaSSInG

Passing

Watchforthefollowinglanemarkings:(N.J.S.A.39:4-86) ·Both center lines are solid:Nopassingallowed. ·one center line is broken:Passingisallowedonlyonthesidewiththe brokenline. ·Both center lines are broken:Passingisallowedonbothsides.

PASS

WHEN LINE IS BROKEN

DO NOT PASS

WHEN LINE IS SOLID

NO PASSING

WITH DOUBLE SOLID LINES

Note:Allpassingmustbecompletedbeforethecenterlinesaresolidagain.

PAss onLy when sAfe

Mostpassingshouldbeontheleft.Passingontherightisallowedonlyonroads withmorethanonelanegoinginthesamedirection,ifvehiclesontheroadwayare movingintwoormoresubstantiallycontinuouslinesorwhenthemotoristaheadis makingaleftturnandthereisroomtopass.Neverpassontherightshoulderof theroad.Thisisagainstthelaw.(N.J.S.A.39:4-85) Amotoristshouldnotpass: ·Onahilloracurveoratanytimehe/shecannotseefarenoughahead ·Atastreetcrossingorintersection ·Atarailroadcrossing ·Onnarrowbridgesorinunderpassesortunnels ·Whenasignprohibitspassingorcenterlinesrestrictpassing ·Whenbehindavehiclethathasstoppedtoletapedestriancross

The laws of New Jersey require motorists to keep to the right, except when passing.Motoristsmustdriveontherighthalfoftheroadwayunlessdrivingona one-waystreet.Motoristsmustdriveavehicleascloseaspossibletotherighthandedgeorcurboftheroadway,exceptwhenovertakingandpassinganother vehicle.(N.J.S.A.39:4-82) Onamulti-laneroadway,motoristsmustdriveinthelanenearesttotheright-hand edge or curb of the roadway when the lane is available for travel, except when overtakinganothervehicleorinpreparationforaleftturn.(N.J.S.A.39:4-88)

kEEPInG TO THE RIGHT

yIElDInG THE RIGHT-Of-way

Althoughlawsgoverntheright-of-way,amotoristshouldalwaysbepreparedto yield.Thesebasicrulesalwaysapply. ·emergency vehicles:whenpolicecars,fireenginesandambulances aregivingwarningsigns(sirens,flashinglights) ·Buses:whenre-enteringtheflowoftraffic · postal vehicles:whenvehicleisseekingtore-entertheflowoftraffic ·pedestrians:wheninacrosswalkorseekingtocrossaroad ·motorized or mobility-assistance devices: wheninacrosswalkor seekingtocrossaroad ·other vehicles that are already in the intersection

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PEDESTRIanS In a CROSSwalk

New Jersey has experienced a large number of pedestrian injury crashes and fatalities,ascomparedtothenationasawhole.Themostimportantpedestrian safety message for New Jersey residents is: pedestrian safety is a shared responsibility. There is no single cause of crashes involving pedestrians. Pedestriansandmotoristsmustalldotheirparttokeeppedestrianssafe. Amotoristmust: ·Yieldtopedestriansincrosswalks.(PerN.J.S.A39:4-36,failuretoyield carriesa$100fine,upto15daysinjailanda2-pointlicensepenalty.). ·Watchforpedestrianswhenturningrightonred. ·Obeyspeedlimits. ·Besurenottoblockorparkincrosswalks. ·Keepthevehicle'swindshieldcleanformaximumvisibility. ·Bealertforpedestriansatalltimes. ·Beawareofareaswherepedestriansaremostlikelytoappear(near schools,towncenters,residentialneighborhoods,parks). ·Neverpassanothervehiclethathasstoppedtoyieldtoapedestrian. ·Yieldtheright-of-waytoallpedestriansinacrosswalk,eveniftheybegan crossingwithapropersignalandtheyarestillinthecrosswalkwhenthe signalchanges. ·Rememberthatpedestriansarethemostvulnerableroadwayusers Motoristswillbeheldresponsibleformaintainingpedestriansafety.

Anintersectioniswheretwoormoreroadscrossormergeatangles.Asmost collisionsoccuratintersections,amotoristshouldbeawareofthethreetypesof intersectionsandknowhowtosafelynavigatethroughthem.Asinglesolidwhite lineacrossaroadatanintersectionmeansthatamotoristmuststopbehindthe lineforatrafficsignalorsign.

InTERSECTIOnS

controLLeD

Anintersectioniscontrollediftherearetrafficsignalsorsignsinanydirection.A motoristmustobeythesignalsandsigns.Atacontrolledintersection,amotorist mustyieldforcertainconditions.Atamulti-waystoporstopintersection,amotorist mustyieldtothemotoristontherightifbothmotoristsgetthereatthesametime. Amotoristshouldalsoyieldtoanothermotoristalreadystoppedattheintersection.

Atanintersectioncontrolledbyayieldsign,amotoristmustslowdownandyieldto trafficontheintersectingroadway,evenifhe/shehastostop.Whenmakingaleft turnatanintersection,amotoristmustyieldtooncomingtrafficandtopedestrians withinthecrosswalk.

Note: Driving on private property to avoid a traffic signal or sign is a motor vehicle violation.(N.J.S.A.39:4-66.2)

uncontroLLeD

Anintersectionisuncontrolledwhentwoormoreroadsjoinandthereisnotraffic signal or regulatory device. A motorist must be very careful when approaching thesetypesofintersections.Mostofthetimetherewillbeawarningsignpriorto reachingtheintersection.Asamotoristnearsacrossroadthatisnotcontrolled, he/shemustreducespeedandbereadytostopifanytrafficiscomingfromthe rightorleft.Amotoristcomingfromaprivateroadordrivewaymustyieldtoall trafficonthemainroad(althoughamotoristcanneverbesurethatwilloccur).As ageneralrule,thevehicleontheleftshouldyieldtothevehicleontheright.When atrafficsignalisnotilluminatedbecauseofapowerfailureorothermalfunction, thetrafficsignalisobservedasa4-waystopsignal.(N.J.S.A.39:4-81) Buildings,parkedvehiclesorbushesmayobstructamotorist'slineofsight.On ruralroadways,treesorcropsmayobstructamotorist'slineofsight.Amotorist shouldalwaysslowdownorstopcompletelytomakesurethereisnocrosstraffic beforeproceeding.

trAffic circLe

Therearenosetrulesfordrivinginto,aroundandoutofatrafficcircleinNew Jersey.Commonsenseandcautionmustprevailatalltimes.Inmostcases,the circle'shistoricallyestablishedtrafficflowpatterndictateswhohastheright-of- way.Ifamajorhighwayflowsintoandthroughthecircle,itusuallydominatesthe trafficflowpatternandcommandstheright-of-way.Trafficcontrolsigns,suchas stoporyieldsigns,attheentrancestothecirclealsogovernwhichmotoristhasthe right-of-way.Neverenteratrafficcirclewithoutcheckingallsignsanddetermining theintentionsofthemotoristsalreadymovingwithinthecircle. Wheneveramotoristisindoubtconcerningwhohastheright-of-wayinacircle, he/sheshouldexerciseextremecautionandrememberthebasicrulegoverning anyuncontrolledintersection:Thevehicletotheleftyieldstheright-of-waytothe vehicleapproachingfromtheright.

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bLinD

sAFe Driving ruLes & reguLAtiOns

Merging Lanes

EnTERInG HIGHwayS, PaRkwayS anD TuRnPIkES

USE TURN SIGNAL

SPEED UP TO FLOW OF TRAFFIC

Highways, parkways and turnpikes are high-speed (up to 65 mph) divided roadwaysandgenerallyhavemultiplelanes.Trafficoneachsideofthedividewill travelinonlyonedirection.Therearenodirectintersections.Motoristsenterthese roadwaysbywayofaccelerationlanes,whichareextralanesathighwayentrances usedbymotoriststospeeduptojointheflowoftraffic.Amotoristmustyieldto trafficalreadytravelingonthemainroadbeforemovingintotheproperlane. Keepthefollowingpointsinmindwhenenteringahighway,parkwayorturnpike: USE TURN SIGNAL ·Obeypostedadvisoryspeedlimits(ifany)attheentranceramp. ·Speeduptotheflowoftrafficwhenleavingtheaccelerationlane. ·Avoidcomingtoacompletestopintheaccelerationlane. ·Yieldtotrafficandentertheright-handlanewhensafe.

SLOW TO SPEED LIMIT OF EXIT LANE

AVOID STOPPING IN THE ENTRY AND EXIT LANES

USE TURN SIGNAL

SPEED UP TO lEaVInG HIGHwayS, PaRkwayS anD FLOW OF TRAFFIC TuRnPIkES

USE TURN SIGNAL

SLOW TO SPEED LIMIT OF EXIT LANE

AVOID STOPPING IN THE ENTRY AND EXIT LANES

Inmostcases,exitrampsordecelerationlanes,whichareextralanesatahighway exit,arelocatedontheright-handsideoftheroadway.Amotoristshouldalways watchforsignsthatdirectwheretoexittheroadway.Ifamotoristmissesanexit ramponahighway,parkwayorturnpike,he/sheshouldgotothenextexit. Keepthefollowingpointsinmindwhenleavingahighway,parkwayorturnpike: ·Startslowingdownwhenenteringadecelerationlane. ·Obeythepostedadvisoryspeedlimitofthedecelerationlane ·Whentheexitislocatedontheleftofaroadway,look forsignsthatwilldirecttraffictotheproperlaneforexiting. ·Ifyoumissanexit,goontothenextone. ·Neverbackuponanexitrampordecelerationlane.

ging_lanes_110907

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SPECIal HIGHway, PaRkway anD TuRnPIkE COnDITIOnS

weAve LAne

Aweavelaneisbothanentranceandanexitforanexpressway.Trafficmaycome onto and leave the expressway at the same location. This traffic weave causes conflicts, both for motorists using a weave lane and those on the expressway and entrance ramp (in terms of speed and space adjustments). The motorist enteringfromtheentrancerampmustyieldtheright-of-waytothemotoristleaving theexpressway.

hiGhwAys throuGh cities

The volume of traffic may increase dramatically. Speeds may slow to a crawl. Amotoristshoulddriveintheleftorcenterlanetoavoidmergeconflictsduring rushhour.Amotoristshouldsearchforexitsearlyandadjustpositionforexit.

DisAbLeD vehicLes

When seeing a disabled vehicle ahead, a motorist should reduce speed and increase the space between his/her vehicle and the disabled vehicle. This may involvechanginglanes.Bealertforpedestrians,towtrucksand/orpolicevehicles. Ifamotorist'svehiclebecomesdisabled,he/shemust: ·Pulloffasfaraspossibleontotheshoulderormedian ·Turnonemergencyflashers. ·Raisethehoodtosignalforassistance. ·Stayinthevehicleandlockthedoors. ·Askanyonewhostopstogotoaphoneandcallforassistance. ·Notgetintoastranger'svehicle.

construction AreAs

A motorist should always stay alert for construction-area warning signs. When comingacrosstheseareas,amotoristshouldadjustspeedandadjustpositionto maintainspacearoundhis/hervehicle.

toLL booths

Amotoristshouldstayalertfortollboothsignsandbeginreducingspeedearly,as trafficmaybebackedupatthebooth.Greenlightsorsignalswillhighlightopen booths.AmotoristshouldbeawareofEZPassboothsandlanes,includinghighspeedEZPasslanes.Whenexitingtollbooths,amotoristshouldsearchtrafficto bothsidesformergingpotential,acceleratesmoothlyandadjustspeed.

Itisimportantforamotoristtoadjuststeeringandspeedwhenapproachinga curveintheroadbecausevehiclestendtokeepgoingstraight.Thebestwayto enteracurveistoslowdownbeforeenteringandavoiddriftingintoanotherlane. Amotoristshouldalwayswatchforvehiclesthatmaydriftintohis/herlaneas well.CheckforCurveAheadwarningsignsandrecommendedspeeds.

CuRVES

InTERCHanGES

Divided roadways are built for express traffic. To ease traffic flow, there are usuallynotrafficlightsordirectintersections.Toenterorexitsuchanexpressway, acloverleafturnisoftennecessary.Amotoristshouldwatchforentranceandexit signsanddriveslowlyinthecircle,obeyingthepostedspeedlimit.

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TuRnInG REGulaTIOnS

riGht turn on reD

UnlessaNoTurnonRedsignisposted,NewJerseylawauthorizesarightturnon aredlightafteramotoristcomestoafullstopandchecksfortraffic.Amotorist mustyieldtoalloncomingtrafficandpedestriansbeforeturningrightataredlight. Difficult-to-seevehicles,suchasbicyclesandmopeds,mayhaveagreenlight,so itisimportantforamotoristtobeawareoftheirpresence.(N.J.S.A.39:4-115) Always use a proper turn signal at least 100 feet before making any turn, and cancelthesignalaftercompletingtheturn.(N.J.S.A.39:4-126)

Right Turn

riGht turns(N.J.S.A.39:4-123)

Tomakeasaferightturn,amotoristshouldapproachtheintersectionasfartothe rightaspossible,keepingneartothecurborparkedvehicles.Themotoristshould notswingoutwardorintoanotherlanewhilemakingtherightturn.He/sheshould driveuptotheturnasfartotherightaspossible,keepingclosetotherightcurbor parkedvehiclesatthecurb.Thisvehiclepositioningpriortoarightturnreducesthe chanceofanothervehiclebeinginthespaceontherightasthemotoristmakes theturn.He/sheshouldnotswingintothewronglanewhilemakingtheturn.

USE TURN SIGNAL

STAY IN LANE

SLOW DOWN

DO NOT CROSS DIVIDING LINE

Left turns(N.J.S.A.39:4-123)

left turns, two vehicles:Whentwovehiclesmeetatanintersectionandboth havesignaledtoturnleft,extracautionmustbeapplied.Whensafe,eachmotorist shouldturntotheleftofthecenteroftheintersection. left turn from a one-way road on to a one-way road:Approachingtheturn in the left lane, the motorist should turn into the left lane of the road he/she isentering.

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Left Turn: Cutting Corners

left turn from a two-way road onto a two-way road:Approachtheturnas closeaspossibletothelinenearesttothecenteroftheroad.Whenturning,the vehicleshouldnotcrosslanemarkings.Themotoristshouldkeeptotherightof thecenterlineoftheroadthatthevehicleisentering.

YIELD TO ONCOMING TRAFFIC

USE TURN SIGNAL

DON'T CUT CORNERS

left turns, between intersections: Between intersections, solid lines show whennottopass.However,theselinesmaybecrossedwithcarewhenentering orleavingdrivewaysinbusinessorresidentialareas.

left turn from a two-way road onto a four-lane highway: Approachtheturn asclosetothecenterlineoftherightsideoftheroadaspossible.Maketheturn beforereachingthecenteroftheintersection.

Left Turn: Four Lane

Itisimportantnottocrosslanemarkings.Themotoristshouldturnintothelane nearestthecenterlineoftherightsideoftheotherroad.Thisisthepassinglane ofthefour-lanehighway.Whentrafficpermits,themotoristshouldmovetothe right,outofthepassinglane.

YIELD TO ONCOMING TRAFFIC

DON'T TURN WIDE

USE TURN SIGNAL

Signs, signals and traffic rules indicate when a motorist must stop. A motorist should never try to beat a traffic light change. A motorist must be careful even ifthelightischangingtogreen(freshgreenlight).Theremaybeothervehicles comingthroughorstillintheintersection.Mostaccidentsattrafficsignalshappen inthefirstfewsecondsafterthelighthaschanged.Whenayellowlightfollows agreenlight,amotoristmuststopbeforeenteringtheintersection,unlessyellow appears when the vehicle is too close to stop safely. If the light changes while adriverisalreadyintheintersection,he/sheshouldgothroughwithcaution.Be alertforastalegreenlight;thisisalightthathasbeengreenforsometime.

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STOPPInG REGulaTIOnS

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sAFe Driving ruLes & reguLAtiOns

Be prepared for it to change to yellow and then red. Slow down and stopaccordingly. A motorist must stop: ·Atanintersectionwithastopsign ·Atanintersectionwitharedlighteitherflashingorilluminated ·Atanintersectionwithayellowlightafteragreen,unlesstoo closetostopsafely ·Whenatrafficofficerordersthevehicletostop ·Whenthereisayieldsign,andtrafficdoesnotpermitasafemerge ·Whenaschoolbusispickinguporlettingoffchildrenand/orthered lightsareflashing ·Whencomingfromanalley,privatedrivewayorbuilding ·Atabridgespanthatisabouttoopenforboattraffic ·Forablindpedestrianusingawhiteormetallicwalkingcane, oratrainedguidedog,oraguidedoginstructorengagedininstructing aguidedog ·Forapedestrianinacrosswalkoratanintersection ·Foramotorizedwheelchairormobility-assistancedeviceinacrosswalk oratanintersection Singlewhitestoplinesshowmotoristswheretostopatstopsignsortrafficsignals.

stoP At rAiLroAD crossinGs

Toensurepublicsafety,theNewJerseyDepartmentofTransportation(NJDOT) andrailroadcompaniesmarkpublichighwayrailroadcrossingswithoneormore warning devices. Warning devices include advance warning signs, pavement markingsinfrontofarailroadcrossing,flashinglights(usuallyonrailroadcrossing signs),gatesorgateswithflashinglights,bellsandflagsignals. A motorist must stop at least 15 feet from railroad crossings when there are flashinglights,ringingbellsorflagsignals.Descendinggatesorgatesthathave alreadybeenloweredindicatethatatrainiscomingandamotoristmuststop.A motoristshouldneverattempttocrossuntilthegateshavebeenraisedandthe lightshavestoppedflashing(N.J.S.A.39:4-127.1).

All other commercial motor vehicles: Some vehicles, such as school buses or vehicles carrying hazardous materials, mustalwaysstopatrailroadcrossings.Whendrivingbehindoneofthesevehicles, a motorist must be prepared to stop, even if signals do not indicate a train is coming(N.J.S.A.39:4-128). Amotoristshouldneverstophis/hervehicleonrailroadtracks.Ifavehiclestallson thetracks,andthemotoristseesatraincoming,he/sheshouldgetoutandwalk clearofthetracks.Nevertrytoraceatrain.Mosttrainsneedmorethanamileto stop,iftravelingat60mphormore.

stoP for schooL buses(N.J.S.A.39:4-128.1)

Amotoristmuststopforaschoolbuswithflashingredlights.Statelawrequires motoriststostopatleast25feetawayifhe/sheistravelingonatwo-laneroador onamulti-lanehighwaywherelanesareonlyseparatedbylinesoronaprivately School Bus maintainedroad.Whentravelingonadual-lanehighway,amotoristshouldslowto 10mphifontheothersideofasafetyislandorraisedmedian.

CARS MUST STOP 25 FEET AWAY FROM SCHOOL BUS

School buses are equipped with yellow (or amber) and red flashing lights. The yellow(oramber)lightsgoonbeforethebusstops,andtheredlightsgoonwhen ithasstopped.However,amotoristshouldnotdependontheselights,however, ifdrivingbehindaschoolbus.Theymaybemalfunctioning. Whenabusstops,allmotoriststravelingbehindorapproachingitmuststoptheir vehiclesatleast25feetaway.Amotoristshouldonlyproceedafterthebussignals havebeenturnedoff,andeventhen,he/shemustwatchforchildren. Ifaschoolbushasstoppeddirectlyinfrontofaschooltopickuporletoffchildren, amotoristmaypassfromeitherdirectionataspeedofnomorethan10mph.

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stoP for frozen Dessert trucKs (N.J.S.A. 39:4-128.4)

Whenapproachingorovertakinganicecreamorfrozendesserttruckfromeither direction,andthetruckisflashingredlightsandpostingastopsignalarm,amotoristmust: ·Yieldtheright-of-waytoanypersonwhoiscrossingtheroadwayto orfromthetruck. ·Watchoutforchildrenandbepreparedtostop. ·Stop,thendrivepastthetruckataslowspeedofnomorethan15mph. Amotoristneednotstoponadualhighwayifhe/sheisontheothersideofasafety islandorraisedmedian.

PuLL over AnD stoP for emerGency vehicLes

NewJerseylawrequiresallmotoriststoyieldtoemergencyvehicleswhenthey soundsirensand/orflashingredand/orblueemergencylights.Amotoristshould steertotheextremerightoftheroadway,stopandwaitforthevehicletopass. Afterward,themotoristshouldkeepatleast300feetbehindasignalingemergency vehicle(N.J.S.A.39:4-92,39:3-54.12). Policecars,firetrucks,ambulancesorotheremergencyvehicleshavesirensand redlights.Privatevehiclesoperatedbyvolunteerfireandrescuesquadmembers (withemergencyvehicleidentification)respondingtoanemergencycalluseblue lights.Amotoristshouldneverparkwithin200feetofafiredepartmentvehicle inserviceordriveoverafirehoseunlessdirectedtodosobyafire,emergency rescueorpoliceofficial.

uSInG HEaDlIGHTS

Proper use of headlights is critical to safe driving. Headlights must be used betweenone-halfhouraftersunsetandone-halfhourbeforesunrise.Headlights mustalsobeusedwhenvisibilityis500feetorless,whenusingwindshieldwipers (duringrain,snowandice)orwhenencounteringfog,mist,smokeorotherfactors thatreducevisibility(N.J.S.A.39:3-46). Beingabletoseeclearlywhiledrivingisveryimportant.Avehicle'slightsshould alwaysbeingoodworkingorderandclean.Headlightshelpothermotoristssee approachingvehicles.Parkingorauxiliarylightscannotlegallybeusedinplaceof headlightswhenheadlightsarerequired.

briGht AnD Dim

Headlightshavetwosetsofbeams:bright(high)anddim(low),whicharecontrolled by a switch or button on or near the dashboard. The bright beam is for opencountrydrivingwhenthereisnotrafficinsight.Thebrightbeamhelpsamotorist see farther ahead and peripherally or at a wider angle. At night, a motorist's pupilsaredilated,allowingmorelighttoaidintheabilitytosee.Brightbeamscan momentarilyblindothermotoristsbyconstrictingthepupilsandshouldnotbeused if other vehicles are approaching or when driving behind another vehicle. It can takethreetofivesecondsforamotoristtorecoverfromtheglareofapproaching high-beam headlights. At a speed of 50 mph, a motorist will have traveled the lengthofafootballfieldwhilebeingunabletosee.Ifavehicleisapproachingwith highbeams,amotoristshouldlooktotherightoftheroaduntilthevehiclepasses. Neverflashhighbeamsatanapproachingmotorist. Thedimbeamsareusedforcitydrivinganddrivingintrafficonroadways.Dim beamsarefocuseddownontheroad.Dimbeamsareusedwhentravelingbehind othervehiclesorwhenanothervehicleisapproaching.

other tyPes of LiGhts

parking lights:Theselightsaretobeusedforashortperiodoftime,suchas whenavehicleisleftinapermittedzone,toshowothermotoristswhereavehicleis parked.Parkinglightsarerequiredonvehiclesparkedinareasotherthanbusiness orresidentialzones. tail lights:Theselightsturnonatthesametimeasavehicle'sheadlightsand parkinglights.Theybecomebrighterwhenamotoristappliesthebrakestoshow thathe/sheisslowingorstopping.Duringtheday,withoutheadlights,thetaillights alsoturnonasamotoristappliesthebrakes. Brake lights:Theselightsbecomebrighterwhenamotoristappliesthebrakes, showingthatthevehicleisslowingorstopping. interim (overhead) lights:Foundinsidethevehicle,thesetypesoflightsshould beusedonlybriefly(whennecessary)whendrivingortocomplywithapoliceofficer's requesttoilluminatethemotorist'scompartmentofthevehiclewhenstopped. dashboard lights: Ifdashboardlightsaretoobright,theymaycreateaglarefor themotoristandimpedevision.Thelightsshouldbekeptdimbutstilllightenough foramotoristtoreadthedials.

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sAFe Driving ruLes & reguLAtiOns

Spotlights:Thesetypesoflightsshouldbeusedonlyinemergencies.Thisalso applies to emergency flashers (hazard lights). Spotlights may not be used for drivingpurposes. fog lights:Theseauxiliarydrivinglightsmaybeusedwithlow-beamheadlightsto providegenerallightingaheadofamotorvehicle,specificallyduringfoggyweather conditions(N.J.A.C.13:20-32.25).

A motorist should always check for traffic when leaving a vehicle after parking. He/sheshouldalsocheckforbicyclesormopeds,whicharesometimesdifficult to see, before opening the driver-side door and exiting the vehicle. A motorist openingadoorintotrafficmaybeliableforanycollisionwithamovingvehicle.Itis saferforpassengerstoexitaparkedvehiclefromthecurbside.Amotoristshould readparkingsignsbeforeparkingonacitystreettobeawareofrestrictionsor timelimits.Itisillegalforavehicletobeparkedmorethansixinchesfromthecurb (N.J.S.A.39:4-135).Neverparkwhereavehiclewillblocktraffic.

PaRkInG REGulaTIOnS

Do not PArK (N.J.S.A.39:4-138) Unless directed to do so by a police officer or to avoid an accident, a motorist shouldneverstoporparkatanyofthefollowingplaces: ·Onacrosswalk

·Betweenasafetyzoneforpedestriansandtheadjacentcurborwithin 20feetoftheendofthesafetyzone ·Nearproperlymarkedstreetconstruction ·Inaspaceonpublicorprivatepropertymarkedforvehicleparkingfor thehandicapped(unlesslegallyauthorized) ·Onaninterstatehighway ·Onasidewalk ·Inabusstopzone ·Infrontofapublicorprivatedriveway ·Withinanintersection ·Within10feetofafirehydrant ·Within25feetofacrosswalkatanintersection,orsidelineofastreet orintersectionhighway,exceptatalleys ·Within50feetofastopsign ·Within20feetofthedrivewayentrancetoanyfirestationandwithin75 feetonthestreetoppositeafirestationentrance ·Onanybridgeorelevatedroadwayorinanytunnel ·Nexttoanothervehicleparkedatthecurb(doubleparking) ·Inanareawhereparkingisprohibitedbymunicipalordinance Incaseofmechanicaltroubleorotheremergency,amotoristshouldstoponthe righthighwayshoulderandturnonemergencyflashers.

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·Within50feetofarailroadcrossing

sAFe Driving ruLes & reguLAtiOns

Statelawprohibitstheuseofhandheldelectronicdevices(e.g.,cellulartelephones) whiledrivingamotorvehicleonanypublicroadorhighway.AsofMarch1,2008, using a handheld cellular telephone or texting device is a primary offense. Law enforcementmaystopandciteamotoristspecificallyfortheseactions.Motorists are permitted to use a hands-free cellular telephone if it does not interfere with any federally required safety equipment or with the safe operation of the vehicle.Althoughtheuseofahands-freecellulartelephoneislegal,itisstrongly discouraged.Ahandheldcellulartelephonemaybeusedonlyincertainemergency situations,whichinclude: ·Fire ·Trafficaccident ·Seriousroadhazard ·Medicalemergency ·Hazardousmaterialemergency Motorists in the above-mentioned circumstances must keep one hand on the steering wheel while using a handheld telephone. To prove legal use of a handheld telephone while operating a motor vehicle, a motorist may be asked to produce testimony or written statements from appropriate authorities, or telephone records. Fines for breaking this law range between $100 and $250 (N.J.S.A.39:4-97.3). A graduated driver license (GDL) motorist may not use a handheld or hands-free cellular telephone, or any other handheld electronic device, when behindthewheel.DoingsoisaviolationofGDLrestrictions(N.J.S.A.39:3-13, 39:3-13.2A,39:3-13.4). Aschoolbusdrivermaynotuseahandheldorhands-freecellulartelephonewhile operatingtheschoolbus,exceptinanemergencysituationorwhentheschoolbus isparkedinasafeareaoffofahighway(N.J.S.A.39:3B-25).

CEllulaR TElEPHOnES

Throwingtrash,debrisorrubbishfromamovingorparkedvehicleisillegal.Litter is a safety hazard and an eyesore. Fines of up to $1,000 may be imposed on motoristsfoundthrowingdangerousobjectsfromavehicleontoaroadway.Ifthe vehicleismovingwhenlitteristhrown,themotoristmaylosehis/herlicense.All trash,debrisorrubbishcarriedinavehiclemustbecoveredtokeepitfromlittering theroadway(N.J.S.A.39:4-63,39:4-64).

lITTERInG

New Jersey Driver MaNual

www.njmvc.gov

sAFe Driving ruLes & reguLAtiOns

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