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Independent and Dependent Clauses

An independent clause expresses a complete thought and can stand alone as a simple sentence. Examples: Some pollution affects our homes and schools. If their neighbors cooperate, young people and adults can clean up their neighborhoods. A dependent clause contains a subject and predicate, but it does not express a complete thought and it cannot stand alone. Example: People became more sensitive to pollution problems after they learned about toxic waste.

In each sentence, underline the independent clause once. Underline the dependent clause twice. Write the word that begins each dependent clause. 1. Cleopatra lived in ancient Egypt, which she 9. They called themselves the Toxic Avengers,

ruled.

2. She ruled with her brother until he seized the

a name borrowed from a pollution-fighting superhero.

10. Although it was located next to a school, the

throne.

3. She regained her throne because Julius

Radiac Research Corporation was storing large amounts of medical waste.

Caesar helped her.

4. Mark Antony ruled Rome after Caesar died.

11. When the Toxic Avengers heard about this,

they planned a response.

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5. Antony went to Egypt, where he lived for

several years.

6. Antony and Cleopatra died when a Roman

12. When a crowd gathered for a public rally, the

teens told the people about Radiac.

army attacked Egypt.

13. Public awareness grew after the rally was 7. If you go to New York City, consider a visit

held.

14. Billy fell in the sewer on a neighborhood street

to Brooklyn.

8. Fifteen teenagers there gained some fame

as he was playing on a Saturday afternoon.

because they were pollution fighters.

Independent and Dependent Clauses

Answer Key

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. Cleopatra lived in ancient Egypt, which she ruled.; which She ruled with her brother until he seized the throne.; until She regained her throne because Julius Caesar helped her.; because Mark Antony ruled Rome after Caesar died.; after Antony went to Egypt, where he lived for several years.; where Antony and Cleopatra died when a Roman army attacked Egypt.; when If you go to New York City, consider a visit to Brooklyn.; If Fifteen teenagers there gained some fame because they were pollution fighters.; because They called themselves the Toxic Avengers, a name borrowed from a pollution-fighting superhero.; a Although it was located next to a school, the Radiac Research Corporation was storing large amounts of medical waste.; Although When the Toxic Avengers heard about this, they planned a response.; When When a crowd gathered for a public rally, the teens told the people about Radiac.; When Public awareness grew after the rally was held.; after Billy fell in the sewer on a neighborhood street as he was playing on a Saturday afternoon.; as

© Harcourt Achieve Inc. All rights reserved.

Meet your state standards with free blackline masters and links to other materials at www.HarcourtAchieve.com/AchievementZone. Click Steck-Vaughn Standards.

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