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Regular Verbs: Part I

All Spanish verbs are either "regular" or "irregular." In this lesson we will look at three completely regular verbs: hablar ...................... (to speak) comer ...................... (to eat) vivir .......................... (to live) Notice the last two letters of each verb. hablar ...................... (to speak) comer ...................... (to eat) vivir .......................... (to live) There are three categories of verbs: -ar verbs................... (like hablar) -er verbs................... (like comer) -ir verbs.................... (like vivir) All three categories are infinitives. You will recall from a previous lesson that infinitives are the base form of the verb, equivalent in English to: to speak, to eat, to live, etc. In Spanish, all infinitives end in -ar, -er, or -ir. -ar verb .................... hablar (to speak) -er verb .................... comer (to eat) -ir verb ..................... vivir (to live) Remember what it means to conjugate a verb: to speak ................... I speak you speak he speaks she speaks we speak you-all speak they speak In this lesson, you will learn to conjugate our model verbs for I, you (formal), we, and youall (formal). hablar yo hablo............................................................. I speak usted habla ........................................................ you speak nosotros/as hablamos ......................................... we speak ustedes hablan ................................................... you-all speak comer yo como............................................................. I eat usted come ........................................................ you eat nosotros/as comemos ......................................... we eat ustedes comen ................................................... you-all eat

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vivir yo vivo ............................................................... I live usted vive........................................................... you live nosotros/as vivimos ............................................ we live ustedes viven ..................................................... you-all live Look for a pattern in the yo form. yo hablo yo como yo vivo If the subject is I (yo), conjugate by dropping the ending and add -o. yo hablo............................................................. (hablar - ar + o = hablo) yo como............................................................. (comer - er + o = como) yo vivo ............................................................... (vivir - ir + o = vivo) Look for a pattern in the usted form. usted habla usted come usted vive If the subject is you formal (usted) drop the ending and add either -a or -e. If the verb is an -ar verb, add -a. If it is an -er or -ir verb, add -e. usted habla ........................................................ (hablar - ar + a = habla) usted come ........................................................ (comer - er + e = come) usted vive........................................................... (vivir - ir + e = vive) Look for a pattern in the nosotros/as form. nosotros/as hablamos nosotros/as comemos nosotros/as vivimos If the subject is we (nosotros/as), conjugate by dropping the ending and add -amos, -emos, or -imos. Notice that the ending of the infinitive determines which is used: -ar verbs add -amos, -er verbs add -emos, -ir verbs add -imos. nosotros/as hablamos ......................................... (hablar - ar + amos = hablamos) nosotros/as comemos ......................................... (comer - er + emos = comemos) nosotros/as vivimos ............................................ (vivir - ir + imos = vivimos) Look for a pattern in the ustedes form. ustedes hablan ustedes comen ustedes viven

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Copyright © 1997­2005 Spanish Learning Resources -- All Rights Reserved. This page may be reproduced for non-profit educational purposes, provided it is reproduced in its entirety.

If the subject is you-all (ustedes), conjugate by dropping the ending and add -an or -en. If the verb is an -ar verb, add -an. If it is an -er or an -ir verb, add -en. ustedes hablan ................................................... (hablar - ar + an = hablan) ustedes comen ................................................... (comer - er + en = comen) ustedes viven ..................................................... (vivir - ir + en = viven) Present tense (indicative) in Spanish means three things. Yo hablo inglés: I speak English. I do speak English. I am speaking English. Yo como pan: I eat bread. I do eat bread. I am eating bread. Yo vivo en Buenos Aires: I live in Buenos Aires. I do live in Buenos Aires. I am living in Buenos Aires. It is vital that you continue with your collection of verb flashcards. This will be your key to success in mastering the Spanish verbs. Continue by creating 4 additional cards, writing the words in bold on one side and the conjugations on the other side: Verb Flashcards 2. Present Indicative ....................................... I speak I do speak I am speaking 3. hablar (to speak) ........................................ hablo habla hablamos hablan 4. comer (to eat) ............................................. como come comemos comen 5. vivir (to live)................................................ vivo vive vivimos viven

Copyright © 1997­2005 Spanish Learning Resources -- All Rights Reserved. This page may be reproduced for non-profit educational purposes, provided it is reproduced in its entirety.

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