Read Supply Chain Environmental Analysis Using SEAT (TM): Case Studies text version

Supply Chain Environmental Analysis Using SEATTM: Case Studies

We have compiled here several examples of supply-chain energy and emissions analysis using the SEATTM software offered by Surya Technologies. The examples are for illustrative purposes only (and therefore simplified) and show how the SEATTM software can be used in the environmental analysis and optimization of a wide range of supply chains. The analyses presented here focus on transportation and storage along supply chains. Each example contains results for the original supply chain as presented in the diagram, and then a second set of results with some of the transport modes and delivery sizes changed. While larger delivery sizes significantly improve the environmental performance in some cases due to more efficient transportation, they do not lead to sufficient improvement in certain other cases because storage costs (energy costs, as well as other inventory-related costs) increase. Changing the characteristics of a transport link also changes inventory levels at both ends of that link, which the SEAT software calculates automatically. SEAT can thus analyze the global environmental impact of local changes to the supply chain. While production processes are included for completeness, we have not modeled their energy/emissions characteristics in these examples. The results also include the financial cost of operating the supply chain in each case ­ including energy costs and non-energy costs (transportation overhead costs and inventory carrying costs) ­ which would allow any environmental performance improvements to be evaluated in the right context. Each of the following SEAT analysis examples includes a diagram of the supply chain, followed by analysis results for multiple scenarios. Click on the headings below for details. If you have any questions, e-mail us at "contact at suryatechs.com". AN AUTOMOTIVE SUPPLY CHAIN (WINDSHIELD WIPERS) A FOOD SUPPLY CHAIN (READY-TO-EAT MEALS) A VEGETABLE SUPPLY CHAIN (CARROTS) A CEREAL/GRAIN SUPPLY CHAIN A DAIRY SUPPLY CHAIN A PRINTER SUPPLY CHAIN A RETAIL SUPPLY CHAIN

Copyright © 2006 by Surya Technologies, Inc. All rights reserved. More info at: www.suryatechs.com

An Automotive Supply Chain (Windshield Wipers)

Scenarios analyzed: · Baseline lean case · Larger delivery sizes on some transport links Key Results: · Larger delivery size produces lower emissions, consumes less fuel/energy, and lowers overall cost

Copyright © 2006 by Surya Technologies, Inc. All rights reserved. More info at: www.suryatechs.com

An Automotive Supply Chain (Windshield Wipers)

Inputs 800 km Midsize truck

Michigan Steel (Batch size: 1920)

Gamma Stamping (Batch size: 1920) 2400 km Midsize truck

Alpha Motors

2880 km Midsize truck

Beta Wipers (Batch size: 1920)

Dealers and Consumers Demand: 1920 units/day

Adapted from: Jones, D.T. and Womack, J.P. (2002). Seeing the Whole: Mapping the Extended Value Stream, The Lean Enterprise Institute, Brookline, MA.

Copyright © 2006 by Surya Technologies, Inc. All rights reserved. More info at: www.suryatechs.com

A Food Supply Chain (Ready-to-eat Meals)

Scenarios analyzed: · Baseline lean case · Larger delivery sizes on some transport links Key Results: · Larger delivery size produces slightly higher emissions, but lowers the overall cost

Copyright © 2006 by Surya Technologies, Inc. All rights reserved. More info at: www.suryatechs.com

A Food Supply Chain (Ready-to-eat Meals)

Inputs

Farm (Batch size: 300)

400 km Light truck

Meat Processor (Batch size: 300) 250 km Light truck

Retail Distribution Center

1500 km Midsize truck

Ready Meals Plant (Batch size: 300)

1000 km Midsize truck Retail Store

Consumer Demand: 3000 units/day

Adapted from: Simons, D. and Mason, R. (2002). "Environmental and Transport Supply th Chain Evaluation with Sustainable Value Stream Mapping," Proceedings of the 7 Logistics Research Network Conference Birmingham UK

Copyright © 2006 by Surya Technologies, Inc. All rights reserved. More info at: www.suryatechs.com

A Vegetable Supply Chain (Carrots)

Scenarios analyzed: · Baseline case · Larger delivery sizes on some transport links Key Results: · Larger delivery size produces slightly higher emissions, but lowers the overall cost

Copyright © 2006 by Surya Technologies, Inc. All rights reserved. More info at: www.suryatechs.com

A Vegetable Supply Chain (Carrots)

1400 km Midsize truck Farm

Wash & Pack (Batch size: 200) 600 km Light truck

Retail Store

800 km Light truck

Retailer's RDC

Consumer Demand: 200 packed units/day

Adapted from: "More than one in three organic carrots thrown away", a case study of organic vegetables, Food Chain Center, UK, Dec. 2005.

Copyright © 2006 by Surya Technologies, Inc. All rights reserved. More info at: www.suryatechs.com

A Cereal/Grain Supply Chain

Scenarios analyzed: · Baseline case · Larger delivery sizes on some transport links · Note that all the grain harvested at the farm is transported to the warehouse during one week out of each year, and then supplied from the warehouse to the downstream production and distribution centers Key Results: · Larger delivery size produces lower emissions, consumes less fuel and reduces overall cost

Copyright © 2006 by Surya Technologies, Inc. All rights reserved. More info at: www.suryatechs.com

A Cereal/Grain Supply Chain

200 km Heavy-duty truck ­ Deliveries during one week out of each year at harvest time Farm Warehouse (Cereals Coop)

100 km Light truck Biscuit Factory (Batch size: 100) 1000 km Light truck Flour Miller

1000 km Light truck

Distribution Center 400 km Light truck

Retail Store

Consumer Demand: 300 units/day

Adapted from: "Smoothing the flow of cereals through the chain", a case study of United Biscuits, Food Chain Center, UK, Oct. 2005.

Copyright © 2006 by Surya Technologies, Inc. All rights reserved. More info at: www.suryatechs.com

A Dairy Supply Chain

Scenarios analyzed: · Baseline case with daily deliveries · Larger delivery sizes on some transport links · Note that the delivery by truck from the dairy to a retail store and other customers follows a specific route Key Results: · Larger delivery size produces increases emissions, fuel/energy use, and cost. Since the product (milk) is perishable and requires refrigeration, it is actually better to deliver smaller quantities more frequently and synchronize the deliveries with the daily production schedule.

Copyright © 2006 by Surya Technologies, Inc. All rights reserved. More info at: www.suryatechs.com

A Dairy Supply Chain

Milk Producer 3 (Batch size: 15)

Milk Link Depot

150 km Light truck 400 km Light truck

Milk Producer 1 (Batch size: 15)

100 km Light truck

Bodulgate Farm

200 km Light truck

Newlands Dairy (Supplier ratio 1:1:2)

Milk Producer 2 (Batch size: 15)

Other Farms

125 km Light truck 300 km Light truck 1000 km Midsize truck

1000 km Return trip

300 km Segment

240 km Segment

200 km Segment

Customer 3 (Demand: 6 units/day)

Customer 2 (Demand: 6 units/day)

Customer 1 (Demand: 6 units/day)

Helston Store (Demand: 42 units/day)

Adapted from: "Building a new milk brand", a case study, Food Chain Center, UK, June 2005.

Copyright © 2006 by Surya Technologies, Inc. All rights reserved. More info at: www.suryatechs.com

A Printer Supply Chain

Scenarios analyzed: · Baseline case with · Larger delivery sizes on some transport links · Air freight added to expedite 5% of the shipments on one link Key Results: · Larger delivery size produces lower emissions, consumes less fuel and reduces overall cost. · Air freight increases both emissions and cost, but larger delivery sizes on other transport links can compensate for this.

Copyright © 2006 by Surya Technologies, Inc. All rights reserved. More info at: www.suryatechs.com

A Printer Supply Chain

Asia Suppliers

300 km Midsize truck

IC Manufacturing -- Asia

10729 km Ship

US Suppliers

1000 km Midsize truck

Printer Assembly Factory -- US (Batch size: 1721)

Japan Suppliers

300 km Midsize truck

Printer Mechanism Manufacturing -- Japan

7990 km Ship

7990 km Ship

16029 km Ship

1000 km Heavy-duty truck

Far East Distribution Center

Europe Distribution Center

US Distribution Center

1000 km Heavy-duty truck

1000 km Heavy-duty truck

1500 km Heavy-duty truck

Far East Customers (Demand: 64 units/day)

Europe Customers (Demand: 770 units/day)

US Customers (Demand: 887 units/day)

Adapted from: "Hewlett Packard Company DeskJet Printer Supply Chain", a case study, Stanford University, 1994 (published by Harvard Business Review). Copyright © 2006 by Surya Technologies, Inc. All rights reserved. More info at: www.suryatechs.com

NodeOrLink ToIcMfgIn ToPrinterAssyIn1 ToPrinterAssyIn2 ToMechMfgIn ToPrinterAssyIn3 ToUsDc ToEuropeDc ToFarEastDc ToUsCustomers ToEuropeCustomers ToFarEastCustomers IcMfgIn IcMfgOut MechMfgIn MechMfgOut PrinterAssyIn1 PrinterAssyIn2 PrinterAssyIn3 PrinterAssyOut UsDc EuropeDc FarEastDc IcMfg MechMfg PrinterAssy TOTAL

Mode MidsizeTruck (Transport) Ship (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) Ship (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) Ship (Transport) Ship2 (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) Warehouse (Transport) Warehouse (Transport) Warehouse (Transport) Warehouse (Transport) Warehouse (Transport) Warehouse (Transport) Warehouse (Transport) Warehouse (Transport) Warehouse (Transport) Warehouse (Transport) Warehouse (Transport) IcMfg (Process) MechMfg (Process) PrinterAssy (Process)

EnergyOrFuelType Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel None None None None None None None None None None None None None None

Distance--Km 300.00 10729.00 1000.00 300.00 7990.00 1000.00 16029.00 7990.00 1500.00 1000.00 1000.00

DeliveryPeriod--Days 0.35 6.97 0.35 0.35 6.97 2.03 15.58 46.88 2.03 2.34 28.13

BatchSizeOrAveInventory 600.00 12000.00 600.00 600.00 12000.00 1800.00 12000.00 3000.00 1800.00 1800.00 1800.00 1078.22 5122.71 1078.22 5122.71 5183.22 1078.22 5183.22 7458.81 0.00 6300.00 1800.00 1721.00 1721.00 1721.00

EnergyUsedPerDay--GJ 8.84 21.01 29.48 8.84 15.64 7.06 14.04 0.58 10.59 6.13 0.51 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 122.72

FuelUsedPerDay--L-Kg-CuM-Kwh-GJ 238.36 566.25 794.53 238.36 421.69 190.21 378.50 15.68 285.32 165.12 13.72 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

EmissionsGeneratedPerDay--Kg-CO2 650.43 1545.17 2168.09 650.43 1150.70 519.05 1032.84 42.79 778.57 450.58 37.45 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 9026.10

EnergyOrFuelCostPerDay--Dollars 188.78 448.47 629.27 188.78 333.98 150.65 299.77 12.42 225.97 130.78 10.87 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2619.73

TransportationOverheadCostPerDay--Dollars 129.08 46.16 430.25 129.08 34.38 147.83 30.86 5.11 221.75 128.33 10.67

StorageOverheadCostPerDay--Dollars

TotalCostPerDay--Dollars 317.85 494.63 1059.52 317.85 368.36 298.48 330.63 17.53 447.72 259.11 21.54 4.74 22.54 4.74 22.54 22.81 4.74 22.81 32.82 0.00 27.72 7.92 0.00 0.00 0.00 4106.61

4.74 22.54 4.74 22.54 22.81 4.74 22.81 32.82 0.00 27.72 7.92

1313.49

173.38

NodeOrLink ToIcMfgIn ToPrinterAssyIn1 ToPrinterAssyIn2 ToMechMfgIn ToPrinterAssyIn3 ToUsDc ToEuropeDc ToFarEastDc ToUsCustomers ToEuropeCustomers ToFarEastCustomers IcMfgIn IcMfgOut MechMfgIn MechMfgOut PrinterAssyIn1 PrinterAssyIn2 PrinterAssyIn3 PrinterAssyOut UsDc EuropeDc FarEastDc IcMfg MechMfg PrinterAssy TOTAL

Mode HeavydutyTruck (Transport) Ship (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) Ship (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) Ship (Transport) Ship2 (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) Warehouse (Transport) Warehouse (Transport) Warehouse (Transport) Warehouse (Transport) Warehouse (Transport) Warehouse (Transport) Warehouse (Transport) Warehouse (Transport) Warehouse (Transport) Warehouse (Transport) Warehouse (Transport) IcMfg (Process) MechMfg (Process) PrinterAssy (Process)

EnergyOrFuelType Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel None None None None None None None None None None None None None None

Distance--Km 300.00 10729.00 1000.00 300.00 7990.00 1000.00 16029.00 7990.00 1500.00 1000.00 1000.00

DeliveryPeriod--Days 1.05 6.97 1.05 1.05 6.97 2.03 15.58 46.88 2.03 2.34 28.13

BatchSizeOrAveInventory 1800.00 12000.00 1800.00 1800.00 12000.00 1800.00 12000.00 3000.00 1800.00 1800.00 1800.00 1674.94 5122.71 1674.94 5122.71 5183.22 1674.94 5183.22 7458.81 0.00 6300.00 1800.00 1721.00 1721.00 1721.00

EnergyUsedPerDay--GJ 4.11 21.01 13.69 4.11 15.64 7.06 14.04 0.58 10.59 6.13 0.51 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 97.46

FuelUsedPerDay--L-Kg-CuM-Kwh-GJ 110.72 566.25 369.06 110.72 421.69 190.21 378.50 15.68 285.32 165.12 13.72 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

EmissionsGeneratedPerDay--Kg-CO2 302.12 1545.17 1007.08 302.12 1150.70 519.05 1032.84 42.79 778.57 450.58 37.45 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 7168.48

EnergyOrFuelCostPerDay--Dollars 87.69 448.47 292.29 87.69 333.98 150.65 299.77 12.42 225.97 130.78 10.87 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2080.58

TransportationOverheadCostPerDay--Dollars 86.05 46.16 286.83 86.05 34.38 147.83 30.86 5.11 221.75 128.33 10.67

StorageOverheadCostPerDay--Dollars

TotalCostPerDay--Dollars 173.74 494.63 579.13 173.74 368.36 298.48 330.63 17.53 447.72 259.11 21.54 7.37 22.54 7.37 22.54 22.81 7.37 22.81 32.82 0.00 27.72 7.92 0.00 0.00 0.00 3345.86

7.37 22.54 7.37 22.54 22.81 7.37 22.81 32.82 0.00 27.72 7.92

1084.02

181.26

NodeOrLink ToIcMfgIn ToPrinterAssyIn1 ToPrinterAssyIn2 ToMechMfgIn ToPrinterAssyIn3 ToUsDc ToEuropeDc ToEuropeDcByAir ToFarEastDc ToUsCustomers ToEuropeCustomers ToFarEastCustomers IcMfgIn IcMfgOut MechMfgIn MechMfgOut PrinterAssyIn1 PrinterAssyIn2 PrinterAssyIn3 PrinterAssyOut UsDc EuropeDc FarEastDc IcMfg MechMfg PrinterAssy TOTAL

Mode HeavydutyTruck (Transport) Ship (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) Ship (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) Ship (Transport) Air (Transport) Ship2 (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) Warehouse (Transport) Warehouse (Transport) Warehouse (Transport) Warehouse (Transport) Warehouse (Transport) Warehouse (Transport) Warehouse (Transport) Warehouse (Transport) Warehouse (Transport) Warehouse (Transport) Warehouse (Transport) IcMfg (Process) MechMfg (Process) PrinterAssy (Process)

EnergyOrFuelType Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel JetFuel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel None None None None None None None None None None None None None None

Distance--Km 300.00 10729.00 1000.00 300.00 7990.00 1000.00 16029.00 16029.00 7990.00 1500.00 1000.00 1000.00

DeliveryPeriod--Days 1.05 6.97 1.05 1.05 6.97 2.03 16.40 2.60 46.88 2.03 2.34 28.13

BatchSizeOrAveInventory 1800.00 12000.00 1800.00 1800.00 12000.00 1800.00 12000.00 100.00 3000.00 1800.00 1800.00 1800.00 1674.94 5122.71 1674.94 5122.71 5183.22 1674.94 5183.22 7524.99 0.00 5172.75 1800.00 1721.00 1721.00 1721.00

EnergyUsedPerDay--GJ 4.11 21.01 13.69 4.11 15.64 7.06 13.34 35.41 0.58 10.59 6.13 0.51 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 132.17

FuelUsedPerDay--L-Kg-CuM-Kwh-GJ 110.72 566.25 369.06 110.72 421.69 190.21 359.57 794.23 15.68 285.32 165.12 13.72 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00

EmissionsGeneratedPerDay--Kg-CO2 302.12 1545.17 1007.08 302.12 1150.70 519.05 981.20 1863.09 42.79 778.57 450.58 37.45 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 8979.93

EnergyOrFuelCostPerDay--Dollars 87.69 448.47 292.29 87.69 333.98 150.65 284.78 629.03 12.42 225.97 130.78 10.87 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 2694.62

TransportationOverheadCostPerDay--Dollars 86.05 46.16 286.83 86.05 34.38 147.83 29.31 1110.81 5.11 221.75 128.33 10.67

StorageOverheadCostPerDay--Dollars

TotalCostPerDay--Dollars 173.74 494.63 579.13 173.74 368.36 298.48 314.10 1739.84 17.53 447.72 259.11 21.54 7.37 22.54 7.37 22.54 22.81 7.37 22.81 33.11 0.00 22.76 7.92 0.00 0.00 0.00 5064.50

7.37 22.54 7.37 22.54 22.81 7.37 22.81 33.11 0.00 22.76 7.92

2193.29

176.59

A Retail Supply Chain

Scenarios analyzed: · Total of six cases: o Baseline case o Larger delivery sizes on all road transport links transport links o Above two cases repeated with increased cold storage requirements o Last two cases repeated with smaller distances on all road transport links · Note: Transport via rail or ship uses a relatively small portion of the transport mode's capacity, so these shipments are specified as the number of units shipped (essentially a "package size") rather than the percentage of the transport mode's capacity. Key Results: · Emissions, energy use and cost all generally decrease with larger delivery sizes · With increased cold storage requirements (which increases energy use in storage): emissions, energy use and cost all increase with larger deliver sizes · With smaller distances and cold storage requirements, smaller delivery sizes perform much better than larger delivery sizes

Copyright © 2006 by Surya Technologies, Inc. All rights reserved. More info at: www.suryatechs.com

A Retail Supply Chain

14 suppliers

Supplier #1

Distances: 200 to 14000 km; Transport modes: truck, rail, ship; Pointto-point shipping

Distances: 200 to 1000 km; Transport mode: truck; Shared delivery route supplies all stores in each region

10 stores

Store #1

Supplier #5

Distribution Center #1 Store #5

Store #6 Supplier #10 Distribution Center #2

Supplier #10

Supplier #14

Copyright © 2006 by Surya Technologies, Inc. All rights reserved. More info at: www.suryatechs.com

NodeOrLink Supplier1-To-Dc1 Supplier2-To-Dc1 Supplier3-To-Dc1 Supplier4-To-Dc1 Supplier5-To-Dc1 Supplier6-To-Dc1 Supplier7-To-Dc1 Supplier8-To-Dc1 Supplier9-To-Dc1 Supplier10-To-Dc1 Supplier5-To-Dc2 Supplier6-To-Dc2 Supplier7-To-Dc2 Supplier8-To-Dc2 Supplier9-To-Dc2 Supplier10-To-Dc2 Supplier11-To-Dc2 Supplier12-To-Dc2 Supplier13-To-Dc2 Supplier14-To-Dc2 Dc1-To-Store1 Dc1-To-Store2 Dc1-To-Store3 Dc1-To-Store4 Dc1-To-Store5 Dc2-To-Store6 Dc2-To-Store7 Dc2-To-Store8 Dc2-To-Store9 Dc2-To-Store10 DC-1 DC-2 Store-1 Store-2 Store-3 Store-4 Store-5 Store-6 Store-7 Store-8 Store-9 Store-10 TOTAL

Mode Ship-LargeTanker (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) Rail (Transport) Rail (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) Ship-LargeTanker (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) StdStorageLarger (Transport) StdStorageLarger (Transport) StdStorage (Transport) StdStorage (Transport) StdStorage (Transport) StdStorage (Transport) StdStorage (Transport) StdStorage (Transport) StdStorage (Transport) StdStorage (Transport) StdStorage (Transport) StdStorage (Transport)

EnergyOrFuelType BunkerFuel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel BunkerFuel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity

Distance--Km 14000.00 800.00 1200.00 1600.00 2000.00 2400.00 2800.00 3200.00 3600.00 2000.00 2000.00 3600.00 3200.00 2800.00 2400.00 2000.00 1600.00 1200.00 800.00 14000.00 400.00 400.00 400.00 400.00 400.00 400.00 400.00 400.00 400.00 400.00

DeliveryPeriod--Days 40.00 1.20 1.20 1.20 1.20 1.20 1.20 1.20 1.20 6.00 6.00 1.20 1.20 1.20 1.20 1.20 1.20 1.20 1.20 40.00 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12

BatchSizeOrAveInventory 200000.00 6000.00 6000.00 6000.00 6000.00 6000.00 6000.00 6000.00 6000.00 30000.00 30000.00 6000.00 6000.00 6000.00 6000.00 6000.00 6000.00 6000.00 6000.00 200000.00 1200.00 1200.00 1200.00 1200.00 1200.00 1200.00 1200.00 1200.00 1200.00 1200.00 139262.00 139262.00 300.00 300.00 300.00 300.00 300.00 300.00 300.00 300.00 300.00 300.00

EnergyUsedPerDay--GJ 2.72 5.96 8.94 11.92 14.90 17.88 20.86 23.84 26.82 4.05 4.05 26.82 23.84 20.86 17.88 14.90 11.92 8.94 5.96 2.72 14.90 14.90 14.90 14.90 14.90 14.90 14.90 14.90 14.90 14.90 84.84 84.84 4.71 4.71 4.71 4.71 4.71 4.71 4.71 4.71 4.71 4.71 641.61

FuelUsedPerDay--L-Kg-CuM-Kwh-GJ 67.06 160.67 241.00 321.33 401.67 482.00 562.33 642.67 723.00 109.25 109.25 723.00 642.67 562.33 482.00 401.67 321.33 241.00 160.67 67.06 401.67 401.67 401.67 401.67 401.67 401.67 401.67 401.67 401.67 401.67 23567.82 23567.82 1308.00 1308.00 1308.00 1308.00 1308.00 1308.00 1308.00 1308.00 1308.00 1308.00

EmissionsGeneratedPerDay--Kg-CO2 209.94 441.15 661.73 882.31 1102.88 1323.46 1544.04 1764.61 1985.19 299.98 299.98 1985.19 1764.61 1544.04 1323.46 1102.88 882.31 661.73 441.15 209.94 1102.88 1102.88 1102.88 1102.88 1102.88 1102.88 1102.88 1102.88 1102.88 1102.88 14335.84 14335.84 795.63 795.63 795.63 795.63 795.63 795.63 795.63 795.63 795.63 795.63 68087.41

EnergyOrFuelCostPerDay--Dollars 46.94 112.47 168.70 224.93 281.17 337.40 393.63 449.87 506.10 76.48 76.48 506.10 449.87 393.63 337.40 281.17 224.93 168.70 112.47 46.94 281.17 281.17 281.17 281.17 281.17 281.17 281.17 281.17 281.17 281.17 2356.78 2356.78 130.80 130.80 130.80 130.80 130.80 130.80 130.80 130.80 130.80 130.80 14028.60

TransportationOverheadCostPerDay--Dollars 6.30 100.00 150.00 200.00 250.00 300.00 350.00 400.00 450.00 90.00 90.00 450.00 400.00 350.00 300.00 250.00 200.00 150.00 100.00 6.30 250.00 250.00 250.00 250.00 250.00 250.00 250.00 250.00 250.00 250.00

StorageOverheadCostPerDay--Dollars

TotalCostPerDay--Dollars 53.24 212.47 318.70 424.93 531.17 637.40 743.63 849.87 956.10 166.48 166.48 956.10 849.87 743.63 637.40 531.17 424.93 318.70 212.47 53.24 531.17 531.17 531.17 531.17 531.17 531.17 531.17 531.17 531.17 531.17 3135.31 3135.31 631.40 631.40 631.40 631.40 631.40 631.40 631.40 631.40 631.40 631.40 27684.25

778.52 778.52 500.60 500.60 500.60 500.60 500.60 500.60 500.60 500.60 500.60 500.60 7092.60 6563.05

NodeOrLink Supplier1-To-Dc1 Supplier2-To-Dc1 Supplier3-To-Dc1 Supplier4-To-Dc1 Supplier5-To-Dc1 Supplier6-To-Dc1 Supplier7-To-Dc1 Supplier8-To-Dc1 Supplier9-To-Dc1 Supplier10-To-Dc1 Supplier5-To-Dc2 Supplier6-To-Dc2 Supplier7-To-Dc2 Supplier8-To-Dc2 Supplier9-To-Dc2 Supplier10-To-Dc2 Supplier11-To-Dc2 Supplier12-To-Dc2 Supplier13-To-Dc2 Supplier14-To-Dc2 Dc1-To-Store1 Dc1-To-Store2 Dc1-To-Store3 Dc1-To-Store4 Dc1-To-Store5 Dc2-To-Store6 Dc2-To-Store7 Dc2-To-Store8 Dc2-To-Store9 Dc2-To-Store10 DC-1 DC-2 Store-1 Store-2 Store-3 Store-4 Store-5 Store-6 Store-7 Store-8 Store-9 Store-10 TOTAL

Mode Ship-LargeTanker (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) Rail (Transport) Rail (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) Ship-LargeTanker (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) StdStorageLarger (Transport) StdStorageLarger (Transport) StdStorage (Transport) StdStorage (Transport) StdStorage (Transport) StdStorage (Transport) StdStorage (Transport) StdStorage (Transport) StdStorage (Transport) StdStorage (Transport) StdStorage (Transport) StdStorage (Transport)

EnergyOrFuelType BunkerFuel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel BunkerFuel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity

Distance--Km 14000.00 800.00 1200.00 1600.00 2000.00 2400.00 2800.00 3200.00 3600.00 2000.00 2000.00 3600.00 3200.00 2800.00 2400.00 2000.00 1600.00 1200.00 800.00 14000.00 400.00 400.00 400.00 400.00 400.00 400.00 400.00 400.00 400.00 400.00

DeliveryPeriod--Days 40.00 3.60 3.60 3.60 3.60 3.60 3.60 3.60 3.60 6.00 6.00 3.60 3.60 3.60 3.60 3.60 3.60 3.60 3.60 40.00 0.36 0.36 0.36 0.36 0.36 0.36 0.36 0.36 0.36 0.36

BatchSizeOrAveInventory 200000.00 18000.00 18000.00 18000.00 18000.00 18000.00 18000.00 18000.00 18000.00 30000.00 30000.00 18000.00 18000.00 18000.00 18000.00 18000.00 18000.00 18000.00 18000.00 200000.00 3600.00 3600.00 3600.00 3600.00 3600.00 3600.00 3600.00 3600.00 3600.00 3600.00 177029.33 177029.33 1500.00 1500.00 1500.00 1500.00 1500.00 1500.00 1500.00 1500.00 1500.00 1500.00

EnergyUsedPerDay--GJ 2.72 2.77 4.16 5.54 6.93 8.31 9.70 11.08 12.47 4.05 4.05 12.47 11.08 9.70 8.31 6.93 5.54 4.16 2.77 2.72 6.93 6.93 6.93 6.93 6.93 6.93 6.93 6.93 6.93 6.93 106.79 106.79 6.26 6.26 6.26 6.26 6.26 6.26 6.26 6.26 6.26 6.26 480.89

FuelUsedPerDay--L-Kg-CuM-Kwh-GJ 67.06 74.67 112.00 149.33 186.67 224.00 261.33 298.67 336.00 109.25 109.25 336.00 298.67 261.33 224.00 186.67 149.33 112.00 74.67 67.06 186.67 186.67 186.67 186.67 186.67 186.67 186.67 186.67 186.67 186.67 29662.55 29662.55 1740.00 1740.00 1740.00 1740.00 1740.00 1740.00 1740.00 1740.00 1740.00 1740.00

EmissionsGeneratedPerDay--Kg-CO2 209.94 205.02 307.53 410.03 512.54 615.05 717.56 820.07 922.58 299.98 299.98 922.58 820.07 717.56 615.05 512.54 410.03 307.53 205.02 209.94 512.54 512.54 512.54 512.54 512.54 512.54 512.54 512.54 512.54 512.54 18043.14 18043.14 1058.41 1058.41 1058.41 1058.41 1058.41 1058.41 1058.41 1058.41 1058.41 1058.41 61836.39

EnergyOrFuelCostPerDay--Dollars 46.94 52.27 78.40 104.53 130.67 156.80 182.93 209.07 235.20 76.48 76.48 235.20 209.07 182.93 156.80 130.67 104.53 78.40 52.27 46.94 130.67 130.67 130.67 130.67 130.67 130.67 130.67 130.67 130.67 130.67 2966.26 2966.26 174.00 174.00 174.00 174.00 174.00 174.00 174.00 174.00 174.00 174.00 11525.74

TransportationOverheadCostPerDay--Dollars 6.30 66.67 100.00 133.33 166.67 200.00 233.33 266.67 300.00 90.00 90.00 300.00 266.67 233.33 200.00 166.67 133.33 100.00 66.67 6.30 166.67 166.67 166.67 166.67 166.67 166.67 166.67 166.67 166.67 166.67

StorageOverheadCostPerDay--Dollars

TotalCostPerDay--Dollars 53.24 118.93 178.40 237.87 297.33 356.80 416.27 475.73 535.20 166.48 166.48 535.20 475.73 416.27 356.80 297.33 237.87 178.40 118.93 53.24 297.33 297.33 297.33 297.33 297.33 297.33 297.33 297.33 297.33 297.33 3820.31 3820.31 677.00 677.00 677.00 677.00 677.00 677.00 677.00 677.00 677.00 677.00 23056.46

854.06 854.06 503.00 503.00 503.00 503.00 503.00 503.00 503.00 503.00 503.00 503.00 4792.60 6738.12

NodeOrLink Supplier1-To-Dc1 Supplier2-To-Dc1 Supplier3-To-Dc1 Supplier4-To-Dc1 Supplier5-To-Dc1 Supplier6-To-Dc1 Supplier7-To-Dc1 Supplier8-To-Dc1 Supplier9-To-Dc1 Supplier10-To-Dc1 Supplier5-To-Dc2 Supplier6-To-Dc2 Supplier7-To-Dc2 Supplier8-To-Dc2 Supplier9-To-Dc2 Supplier10-To-Dc2 Supplier11-To-Dc2 Supplier12-To-Dc2 Supplier13-To-Dc2 Supplier14-To-Dc2 Dc1-To-Store1 Dc1-To-Store2 Dc1-To-Store3 Dc1-To-Store4 Dc1-To-Store5 Dc2-To-Store6 Dc2-To-Store7 Dc2-To-Store8 Dc2-To-Store9 Dc2-To-Store10 DC-1 DC-2 Store-1 Store-2 Store-3 Store-4 Store-5 Store-6 Store-7 Store-8 Store-9 Store-10 TOTAL

Mode Ship-LargeTanker (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) Rail (Transport) Rail (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) Ship-LargeTanker (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) ColdStorageLarger (Transport) ColdStorageLarger (Transport) ColdStorage (Transport) ColdStorage (Transport) ColdStorage (Transport) ColdStorage (Transport) ColdStorage (Transport) ColdStorage (Transport) ColdStorage (Transport) ColdStorage (Transport) ColdStorage (Transport) ColdStorage (Transport)

EnergyOrFuelType BunkerFuel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel BunkerFuel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity

Distance--Km 14000.00 800.00 1200.00 1600.00 2000.00 2400.00 2800.00 3200.00 3600.00 2000.00 2000.00 3600.00 3200.00 2800.00 2400.00 2000.00 1600.00 1200.00 800.00 14000.00 400.00 400.00 400.00 400.00 400.00 400.00 400.00 400.00 400.00 400.00

DeliveryPeriod--Days 40.00 1.20 1.20 1.20 1.20 1.20 1.20 1.20 1.20 6.00 6.00 1.20 1.20 1.20 1.20 1.20 1.20 1.20 1.20 40.00 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12

BatchSizeOrAveInventory 200000.00 6000.00 6000.00 6000.00 6000.00 6000.00 6000.00 6000.00 6000.00 30000.00 30000.00 6000.00 6000.00 6000.00 6000.00 6000.00 6000.00 6000.00 6000.00 200000.00 1200.00 1200.00 1200.00 1200.00 1200.00 1200.00 1200.00 1200.00 1200.00 1200.00 139262.00 139262.00 300.00 300.00 300.00 300.00 300.00 300.00 300.00 300.00 300.00 300.00

EnergyUsedPerDay--GJ 2.72 5.96 8.94 11.92 14.90 17.88 20.86 23.84 26.82 4.05 4.05 26.82 23.84 20.86 17.88 14.90 11.92 8.94 5.96 2.72 14.90 14.90 14.90 14.90 14.90 14.90 14.90 14.90 14.90 14.90 405.70 405.70 6.78 6.78 6.78 6.78 6.78 6.78 6.78 6.78 6.78 6.78 1304.06

FuelUsedPerDay--L-Kg-CuM-Kwh-GJ 67.06 160.67 241.00 321.33 401.67 482.00 562.33 642.67 723.00 109.25 109.25 723.00 642.67 562.33 482.00 401.67 321.33 241.00 160.67 67.06 401.67 401.67 401.67 401.67 401.67 401.67 401.67 401.67 401.67 401.67 112695.50 112695.50 1884.00 1884.00 1884.00 1884.00 1884.00 1884.00 1884.00 1884.00 1884.00 1884.00

EmissionsGeneratedPerDay--Kg-CO2 209.94 441.15 661.73 882.31 1102.88 1323.46 1544.04 1764.61 1985.19 299.98 299.98 1985.19 1764.61 1544.04 1323.46 1102.88 882.31 661.73 441.15 209.94 1102.88 1102.88 1102.88 1102.88 1102.88 1102.88 1102.88 1102.88 1102.88 1102.88 68550.42 68550.42 1146.00 1146.00 1146.00 1146.00 1146.00 1146.00 1146.00 1146.00 1146.00 1146.00 180020.28

EnergyOrFuelCostPerDay--Dollars 46.94 112.47 168.70 224.93 281.17 337.40 393.63 449.87 506.10 76.48 76.48 506.10 449.87 393.63 337.40 281.17 224.93 168.70 112.47 46.94 281.17 281.17 281.17 281.17 281.17 281.17 281.17 281.17 281.17 281.17 11269.55 11269.55 188.40 188.40 188.40 188.40 188.40 188.40 188.40 188.40 188.40 188.40 32430.13

TransportationOverheadCostPerDay--Dollars 6.30 100.00 150.00 200.00 250.00 300.00 350.00 400.00 450.00 90.00 90.00 450.00 400.00 350.00 300.00 250.00 200.00 150.00 100.00 6.30 250.00 250.00 250.00 250.00 250.00 250.00 250.00 250.00 250.00 250.00

StorageOverheadCostPerDay--Dollars

TotalCostPerDay--Dollars 53.24 212.47 318.70 424.93 531.17 637.40 743.63 849.87 956.10 166.48 166.48 956.10 849.87 743.63 637.40 531.17 424.93 318.70 212.47 53.24 531.17 531.17 531.17 531.17 531.17 531.17 531.17 531.17 531.17 531.17 12048.07 12048.07 689.00 689.00 689.00 689.00 689.00 689.00 689.00 689.00 689.00 689.00 46085.78

778.52 778.52 500.60 500.60 500.60 500.60 500.60 500.60 500.60 500.60 500.60 500.60 7092.60 6563.05

NodeOrLink Supplier1-To-Dc1 Supplier2-To-Dc1 Supplier3-To-Dc1 Supplier4-To-Dc1 Supplier5-To-Dc1 Supplier6-To-Dc1 Supplier7-To-Dc1 Supplier8-To-Dc1 Supplier9-To-Dc1 Supplier10-To-Dc1 Supplier5-To-Dc2 Supplier6-To-Dc2 Supplier7-To-Dc2 Supplier8-To-Dc2 Supplier9-To-Dc2 Supplier10-To-Dc2 Supplier11-To-Dc2 Supplier12-To-Dc2 Supplier13-To-Dc2 Supplier14-To-Dc2 Dc1-To-Store1 Dc1-To-Store2 Dc1-To-Store3 Dc1-To-Store4 Dc1-To-Store5 Dc2-To-Store6 Dc2-To-Store7 Dc2-To-Store8 Dc2-To-Store9 Dc2-To-Store10 DC-1 DC-2 Store-1 Store-2 Store-3 Store-4 Store-5 Store-6 Store-7 Store-8 Store-9 Store-10 TOTAL

Mode Ship-LargeTanker (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) Rail (Transport) Rail (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) Ship-LargeTanker (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) ColdStorageLarger (Transport) ColdStorageLarger (Transport) ColdStorage (Transport) ColdStorage (Transport) ColdStorage (Transport) ColdStorage (Transport) ColdStorage (Transport) ColdStorage (Transport) ColdStorage (Transport) ColdStorage (Transport) ColdStorage (Transport) ColdStorage (Transport)

EnergyOrFuelType BunkerFuel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel BunkerFuel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity

Distance--Km 14000.00 800.00 1200.00 1600.00 2000.00 2400.00 2800.00 3200.00 3600.00 2000.00 2000.00 3600.00 3200.00 2800.00 2400.00 2000.00 1600.00 1200.00 800.00 14000.00 400.00 400.00 400.00 400.00 400.00 400.00 400.00 400.00 400.00 400.00

DeliveryPeriod--Days 40.00 3.60 3.60 3.60 3.60 3.60 3.60 3.60 3.60 6.00 6.00 3.60 3.60 3.60 3.60 3.60 3.60 3.60 3.60 40.00 0.36 0.36 0.36 0.36 0.36 0.36 0.36 0.36 0.36 0.36

BatchSizeOrAveInventory 200000.00 18000.00 18000.00 18000.00 18000.00 18000.00 18000.00 18000.00 18000.00 30000.00 30000.00 18000.00 18000.00 18000.00 18000.00 18000.00 18000.00 18000.00 18000.00 200000.00 3600.00 3600.00 3600.00 3600.00 3600.00 3600.00 3600.00 3600.00 3600.00 3600.00 177029.33 177029.33 1500.00 1500.00 1500.00 1500.00 1500.00 1500.00 1500.00 1500.00 1500.00 1500.00

EnergyUsedPerDay--GJ 2.72 2.77 4.16 5.54 6.93 8.31 9.70 11.08 12.47 4.05 4.05 12.47 11.08 9.70 8.31 6.93 5.54 4.16 2.77 2.72 6.93 6.93 6.93 6.93 6.93 6.93 6.93 6.93 6.93 6.93 514.66 514.66 16.63 16.63 16.63 16.63 16.63 16.63 16.63 16.63 16.63 16.63 1400.32

FuelUsedPerDay--L-Kg-CuM-Kwh-GJ 67.06 74.67 112.00 149.33 186.67 224.00 261.33 298.67 336.00 109.25 109.25 336.00 298.67 261.33 224.00 186.67 149.33 112.00 74.67 67.06 186.67 186.67 186.67 186.67 186.67 186.67 186.67 186.67 186.67 186.67 142961.26 142961.26 4620.00 4620.00 4620.00 4620.00 4620.00 4620.00 4620.00 4620.00 4620.00 4620.00

EmissionsGeneratedPerDay--Kg-CO2 209.94 205.02 307.53 410.03 512.54 615.05 717.56 820.07 922.58 299.98 299.98 922.58 820.07 717.56 615.05 512.54 410.03 307.53 205.02 209.94 512.54 512.54 512.54 512.54 512.54 512.54 512.54 512.54 512.54 512.54 86960.47 86960.47 2810.25 2810.25 2810.25 2810.25 2810.25 2810.25 2810.25 2810.25 2810.25 2810.25 217189.52

EnergyOrFuelCostPerDay--Dollars 46.94 52.27 78.40 104.53 130.67 156.80 182.93 209.07 235.20 76.48 76.48 235.20 209.07 182.93 156.80 130.67 104.53 78.40 52.27 46.94 130.67 130.67 130.67 130.67 130.67 130.67 130.67 130.67 130.67 130.67 14296.13 14296.13 462.00 462.00 462.00 462.00 462.00 462.00 462.00 462.00 462.00 462.00 37065.49

TransportationOverheadCostPerDay--Dollars 6.30 66.67 100.00 133.33 166.67 200.00 233.33 266.67 300.00 90.00 90.00 300.00 266.67 233.33 200.00 166.67 133.33 100.00 66.67 6.30 166.67 166.67 166.67 166.67 166.67 166.67 166.67 166.67 166.67 166.67

StorageOverheadCostPerDay--Dollars

TotalCostPerDay--Dollars 53.24 118.93 178.40 237.87 297.33 356.80 416.27 475.73 535.20 166.48 166.48 535.20 475.73 416.27 356.80 297.33 237.87 178.40 118.93 53.24 297.33 297.33 297.33 297.33 297.33 297.33 297.33 297.33 297.33 297.33 15150.18 15150.18 965.00 965.00 965.00 965.00 965.00 965.00 965.00 965.00 965.00 965.00 48596.20

854.06 854.06 503.00 503.00 503.00 503.00 503.00 503.00 503.00 503.00 503.00 503.00 4792.60 6738.12

NodeOrLink Supplier1-To-Dc1 Supplier2-To-Dc1 Supplier3-To-Dc1 Supplier4-To-Dc1 Supplier5-To-Dc1 Supplier6-To-Dc1 Supplier7-To-Dc1 Supplier8-To-Dc1 Supplier9-To-Dc1 Supplier10-To-Dc1 Supplier5-To-Dc2 Supplier6-To-Dc2 Supplier7-To-Dc2 Supplier8-To-Dc2 Supplier9-To-Dc2 Supplier10-To-Dc2 Supplier11-To-Dc2 Supplier12-To-Dc2 Supplier13-To-Dc2 Supplier14-To-Dc2 Dc1-To-Store1 Dc1-To-Store2 Dc1-To-Store3 Dc1-To-Store4 Dc1-To-Store5 Dc2-To-Store6 Dc2-To-Store7 Dc2-To-Store8 Dc2-To-Store9 Dc2-To-Store10 DC-1 DC-2 Store-1 Store-2 Store-3 Store-4 Store-5 Store-6 Store-7 Store-8 Store-9 Store-10 TOTAL

Mode Ship-LargeTanker (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) Rail (Transport) Rail (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) Ship-LargeTanker (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) MidsizeTruck (Transport) ColdStorageLarger (Transport) ColdStorageLarger (Transport) ColdStorage (Transport) ColdStorage (Transport) ColdStorage (Transport) ColdStorage (Transport) ColdStorage (Transport) ColdStorage (Transport) ColdStorage (Transport) ColdStorage (Transport) ColdStorage (Transport) ColdStorage (Transport)

EnergyOrFuelType BunkerFuel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel BunkerFuel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity

Distance--Km 14000.00 400.00 600.00 800.00 1000.00 1200.00 1400.00 1600.00 1800.00 1000.00 1000.00 1800.00 1600.00 1400.00 1200.00 1000.00 800.00 600.00 400.00 14000.00 200.00 200.00 200.00 200.00 200.00 200.00 200.00 200.00 200.00 200.00

DeliveryPeriod--Days 40.00 1.20 1.20 1.20 1.20 1.20 1.20 1.20 1.20 6.00 6.00 1.20 1.20 1.20 1.20 1.20 1.20 1.20 1.20 40.00 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12 0.12

BatchSizeOrAveInventory 200000.00 6000.00 6000.00 6000.00 6000.00 6000.00 6000.00 6000.00 6000.00 30000.00 30000.00 6000.00 6000.00 6000.00 6000.00 6000.00 6000.00 6000.00 6000.00 200000.00 1200.00 1200.00 1200.00 1200.00 1200.00 1200.00 1200.00 1200.00 1200.00 1200.00 139262.00 139262.00 300.00 300.00 300.00 300.00 300.00 300.00 300.00 300.00 300.00 300.00

EnergyUsedPerDay--GJ 2.72 2.98 4.47 5.96 7.45 8.94 10.43 11.92 13.41 2.03 2.03 13.41 11.92 10.43 8.94 7.45 5.96 4.47 2.98 2.72 7.45 7.45 7.45 7.45 7.45 7.45 7.45 7.45 7.45 7.45 406.71 406.71 6.78 6.78 6.78 6.78 6.78 6.78 6.78 6.78 6.78 6.78 1096.37

FuelUsedPerDay--L-Kg-CuM-Kwh-GJ 67.06 80.33 120.50 160.67 200.83 241.00 281.17 321.33 361.50 54.63 54.63 361.50 321.33 281.17 241.00 200.83 160.67 120.50 80.33 67.06 200.83 200.83 200.83 200.83 200.83 200.83 200.83 200.83 200.83 200.83 112974.00 112974.00 1884.00 1884.00 1884.00 1884.00 1884.00 1884.00 1884.00 1884.00 1884.00 1884.00

EmissionsGeneratedPerDay--Kg-CO2 209.94 220.58 330.87 441.15 551.44 661.73 772.02 882.31 992.60 149.99 149.99 992.60 882.31 772.02 661.73 551.44 441.15 330.87 220.58 209.94 551.44 551.44 551.44 551.44 551.44 551.44 551.44 551.44 551.44 551.44 68719.82 68719.82 1146.00 1146.00 1146.00 1146.00 1146.00 1146.00 1146.00 1146.00 1146.00 1146.00 164839.31

EnergyOrFuelCostPerDay--Dollars 46.94 56.23 84.35 112.47 140.58 168.70 196.82 224.93 253.05 38.24 38.24 253.05 224.93 196.82 168.70 140.58 112.47 84.35 56.23 46.94 140.58 140.58 140.58 140.58 140.58 140.58 140.58 140.58 140.58 140.58 11297.40 11297.40 188.40 188.40 188.40 188.40 188.40 188.40 188.40 188.40 188.40 188.40 28529.26

TransportationOverheadCostPerDay--Dollars 6.30 50.00 75.00 100.00 125.00 150.00 175.00 200.00 225.00 45.00 45.00 225.00 200.00 175.00 150.00 125.00 100.00 75.00 50.00 6.30 125.00 125.00 125.00 125.00 125.00 125.00 125.00 125.00 125.00 125.00

StorageOverheadCostPerDay--Dollars

TotalCostPerDay--Dollars 53.24 106.23 159.35 212.47 265.58 318.70 371.82 424.93 478.05 83.24 83.24 478.05 424.93 371.82 318.70 265.58 212.47 159.35 106.23 53.24 265.58 265.58 265.58 265.58 265.58 265.58 265.58 265.58 265.58 265.58 12075.92 12075.92 689.00 689.00 689.00 689.00 689.00 689.00 689.00 689.00 689.00 689.00 38644.91

778.52 778.52 500.60 500.60 500.60 500.60 500.60 500.60 500.60 500.60 500.60 500.60 3552.60 6563.05

NodeOrLink Supplier1-To-Dc1 Supplier2-To-Dc1 Supplier3-To-Dc1 Supplier4-To-Dc1 Supplier5-To-Dc1 Supplier6-To-Dc1 Supplier7-To-Dc1 Supplier8-To-Dc1 Supplier9-To-Dc1 Supplier10-To-Dc1 Supplier5-To-Dc2 Supplier6-To-Dc2 Supplier7-To-Dc2 Supplier8-To-Dc2 Supplier9-To-Dc2 Supplier10-To-Dc2 Supplier11-To-Dc2 Supplier12-To-Dc2 Supplier13-To-Dc2 Supplier14-To-Dc2 Dc1-To-Store1 Dc1-To-Store2 Dc1-To-Store3 Dc1-To-Store4 Dc1-To-Store5 Dc2-To-Store6 Dc2-To-Store7 Dc2-To-Store8 Dc2-To-Store9 Dc2-To-Store10 DC-1 DC-2 Store-1 Store-2 Store-3 Store-4 Store-5 Store-6 Store-7 Store-8 Store-9 Store-10 TOTAL

Mode Ship-LargeTanker (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) Rail (Transport) Rail (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) Ship-LargeTanker (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) HeavydutyTruck (Transport) ColdStorageLarger (Transport) ColdStorageLarger (Transport) ColdStorage (Transport) ColdStorage (Transport) ColdStorage (Transport) ColdStorage (Transport) ColdStorage (Transport) ColdStorage (Transport) ColdStorage (Transport) ColdStorage (Transport) ColdStorage (Transport) ColdStorage (Transport)

EnergyOrFuelType BunkerFuel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel BunkerFuel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity Electricity

Distance--Km 14000.00 400.00 600.00 800.00 1000.00 1200.00 1400.00 1600.00 1800.00 1000.00 1000.00 1800.00 1600.00 1400.00 1200.00 1000.00 800.00 600.00 400.00 14000.00 200.00 200.00 200.00 200.00 200.00 200.00 200.00 200.00 200.00 200.00

DeliveryPeriod--Days 40.00 3.60 3.60 3.60 3.60 3.60 3.60 3.60 3.60 6.00 6.00 3.60 3.60 3.60 3.60 3.60 3.60 3.60 3.60 40.00 0.36 0.36 0.36 0.36 0.36 0.36 0.36 0.36 0.36 0.36

BatchSizeOrAveInventory 200000.00 18000.00 18000.00 18000.00 18000.00 18000.00 18000.00 18000.00 18000.00 30000.00 30000.00 18000.00 18000.00 18000.00 18000.00 18000.00 18000.00 18000.00 18000.00 200000.00 3600.00 3600.00 3600.00 3600.00 3600.00 3600.00 3600.00 3600.00 3600.00 3600.00 177029.33 177029.33 1500.00 1500.00 1500.00 1500.00 1500.00 1500.00 1500.00 1500.00 1500.00 1500.00

EnergyUsedPerDay--GJ 2.72 1.39 2.08 2.77 3.46 4.16 4.85 5.54 6.23 2.03 2.03 6.23 5.54 4.85 4.16 3.46 2.77 2.08 1.39 2.72 3.46 3.46 3.46 3.46 3.46 3.46 3.46 3.46 3.46 3.46 514.66 514.66 16.63 16.63 16.63 16.63 16.63 16.63 16.63 16.63 16.63 16.63 1300.70

FuelUsedPerDay--L-Kg-CuM-Kwh-GJ 67.06 37.33 56.00 74.67 93.33 112.00 130.67 149.33 168.00 54.63 54.63 168.00 149.33 130.67 112.00 93.33 74.67 56.00 37.33 67.06 93.33 93.33 93.33 93.33 93.33 93.33 93.33 93.33 93.33 93.33 142961.26 142961.26 4620.00 4620.00 4620.00 4620.00 4620.00 4620.00 4620.00 4620.00 4620.00 4620.00

EmissionsGeneratedPerDay--Kg-CO2 209.94 102.51 153.76 205.02 256.27 307.53 358.78 410.03 461.29 149.99 149.99 461.29 410.03 358.78 307.53 256.27 205.02 153.76 102.51 209.94 256.27 256.27 256.27 256.27 256.27 256.27 256.27 256.27 256.27 256.27 86960.47 86960.47 2810.25 2810.25 2810.25 2810.25 2810.25 2810.25 2810.25 2810.25 2810.25 2810.25 209816.44

EnergyOrFuelCostPerDay--Dollars 46.94 26.13 39.20 52.27 65.33 78.40 91.47 104.53 117.60 38.24 38.24 117.60 104.53 91.47 78.40 65.33 52.27 39.20 26.13 46.94 65.33 65.33 65.33 65.33 65.33 65.33 65.33 65.33 65.33 65.33 14296.13 14296.13 462.00 462.00 462.00 462.00 462.00 462.00 462.00 462.00 462.00 462.00 35185.81

TransportationOverheadCostPerDay--Dollars 6.30 33.33 50.00 66.67 83.33 100.00 116.67 133.33 150.00 45.00 45.00 150.00 133.33 116.67 100.00 83.33 66.67 50.00 33.33 6.30 83.33 83.33 83.33 83.33 83.33 83.33 83.33 83.33 83.33 83.33

StorageOverheadCostPerDay--Dollars

TotalCostPerDay--Dollars 53.24 59.47 89.20 118.93 148.67 178.40 208.13 237.87 267.60 83.24 83.24 267.60 237.87 208.13 178.40 148.67 118.93 89.20 59.47 53.24 148.67 148.67 148.67 148.67 148.67 148.67 148.67 148.67 148.67 148.67 15150.18 15150.18 965.00 965.00 965.00 965.00 965.00 965.00 965.00 965.00 965.00 965.00 44326.53

854.06 854.06 503.00 503.00 503.00 503.00 503.00 503.00 503.00 503.00 503.00 503.00 2402.60 6738.12

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Supply Chain Environmental Analysis Using SEAT (TM): Case Studies

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