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Leathercraft Projects To-Go

Environment Theme Natural Leather

BUTTERFLY FOB

Plus A Look Into "The Study

of Our Earth's Ecology"

OBJECTIVE: Students will learn to stamp

and assemble leather turning it into a useful and decorative project. Lesson includes history, science and new vocabulary words. Creativity, and dexterity skills will be exercised to design, personalize, color and assemble the project.

MATERIALS LIST

All Supplies Needed To Complete 12 Projects Are In One Theme Bucket:

ECOLOGY STENCIL

· Pre-punched Veg Tan Tooling Leather Shapes · Cords & Beads · Stamping Tools & Handles · Mallets LeatherA B C D E F G H I Craft J K L M N O P Q · Sponges & Sheep Wool R S T U V W X Y · All-In-One Stain / Finish Z 1234567890 · Cova Color® Acrylic Paints A B C D E F G · Brushes H I J K L M N · Sharpie Pens & Stencils O P Q R S TU · Instructions & Handbook V W X Y Z 12

TANDY LEATHER FACTORY C 2009 EASY TO USE LEATHERCRAFT STENCIL

HANDBOOK

BY TONY LAIER & KAY LAIER

34567890

YOU WILL or MIGHT NEED:

· Pencils For Planning Designs & Scissors · Plastic Water Bowls · Classroom Markers, Acrylic Paints & Brushes

CLASSROOM TIME:

Minimum of 3 sessions: Design, Case & Stamp = 90 minutes Color & Assembly = 45 minutes

© 2009 by Tandy Leather Factory

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GETTING STARTED:

· Copy the blank templates on page 5, cutout on dotted lines along with stencils. Hand out with pencils to plan designs.

What Is The Study Of Ecology?

Ecology is the scientific study of the relationship between all living things to each other and to what's around them. The word ECOLOGY comes from the Greek words meaning "study of the household." Through time the word has come to be used for a broader, larger meaning: "the study of the earth". Ecology includes how living things interact with each other, and with their environment such as the climate and soil.

SESSION 1 - Design:

SESSION 2 - Case & Stamp: · To prepare for casing & stamping, set-up sturdy tables for 3 or 4 students per table with one plastic bowl of water & two sponges per table (Note: Sponges can be cut in half). · Hand out to each student: A copy of p. 6 instructions, one project part & one mallet. · Share stamps and stamp handles. · Follow the Leather Preparation and Stamping Instructions on the next pages.

Ecologists are scientists who study ecology. Some ecologists are specialized in their study, meaning they study a specific species of animal or just a particular environment. Other ecologists study many different species and how they interact with nature. There are many species and SESSION 3 - Adding Color & Assembly: environments still to be discovered. · Set up 1 or 2 staining tables for All-In-One Stain & Finish to be applied Did You Know: A natural rainforest plays a with sheep wool pieces. Cover tables with large part in the well being of our earth? The forest paper to protect them from spills. is not only the home to thousands of animals and · Add additional color with Sharpie Pens & organisms, but also the source of thousands of Cova Color Acrylic Paints. medicines used to help cure · Copy & hand out Instructions (p.7) along sickness and diseases. Trees help to create the with barrette sticks and cords cut in half. air we breathe. · Practice assembly steps before class. Demonstrate the steps. What is "global warming"? Global warming is the increase in the average temperature of the Earth's near-surface air and oceans. Human ABOUT THE PROJECT: activity since the industrial revolution has caused The leather used in this project is damage to the atmosphere and the protective made out of vegetable-tanned (Veg ozone layer around earth allowing harmful Tan) leather cut from cowhide. One radiation to get through. This increases the side is smooth (the grain side) and temperature of our oceans, melting the earth's ice one side is rough or suede (the flesh caps, causing damage to our land and human life. side). Veg Tan leather can have designs tooled on the smooth side What does "going green" mean? Going green using different tools. means actively working to protect our wilderness, animals, cleaning up industrial pollution that not The LeatherCraft Handbook only hurts the air we breath, but poisons the water er eath L offers you more information we drink. These poisons kill all animals, those t Craf on the various tools that are living in the water and those who drink it. These available and how to use poisons pollute the ground we grow our food in, them on future projects. thus transmitting harmful chemicals into our bodies. Continued . . .

OK DBO HAN BY R&

IE Y LA TON Y LAIER KA

© 2009 by Tandy Leather Factory

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LEATHER PREPARATION:

Before you can stamp a design on leather, it needs to be moistened. This is called "casing the leather". (Note: Sponges can be cut in half.) Students should share sponges and water bowls per table. 1) Apply water to the smooth (grain) side of your leather using a clean sponge and water. Dampen leather but not too much. 2) Set leather aside and wait until it begins to return to its natural color and feels cool to the touch. Then it is ready to stamp. While waiting for your leather to partially dry, plan the designs. 3) If some areas begin to dry too fast, lightly re-dampen with the sponge and water.

History continued: Did You Know: "Earth Day" was first celebrated on April 22, 1970. Before that time, protecting our earth's natural resources was not an important political or cultural effort. By 1990, Earth Day went global with over 200 million people in over 140 different nations participating. This participation is great, but the work to cleanup and save our earth is still ahead of us. · · Fun ways to get in touch with our earth: Lay down under the night sky and look at the stars (or clouds in the daytime). While blindfolded, see who can correctly identify different objects from nature (flower, leaves, sand, etc.) using your other senses: touch, smell, hearing. Walk through a forest without talking and identify the different sounds you hear. Share your favorite special place in nature by describing it based on your five senses: sight, smell, touch, sound, taste. List 12 small objects found in nature. Take an empty egg carton and go on a scavenger hunt finding the items. Then write about them describing their importance to nature.

· · ·

The project for this lesson is to make a leather butterfly fob (necklace, key fob or other uses) reflecting the beauty of our environment. Tannins - Yellowish substance from oak bark and other plants used to tan leather. Staining - Adding color to the leather using different types of stains and paints. Stamping - Using metal stamps with designs or shapes on the end and a mallet to put a design on the grain side of vegetable tanned leather. Vegetable Tanned (Veg-Tan) - Leather which has been tanned with vegetable materials that are derived from certain plants and woods, often called bark tannins.

VOCABULARY:

Casing - Adding water to one or both sides of vegetable tanned tooling leather to prepare the surface for tooling. Flesh Side - The rough (suede) underside of leather. Grain Side - The hair side of the leather with the hair removed. Tanning - The process using tannins to change a fresh animal hide into leather.

© 2009 by Tandy Leather Factory

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Here are some ideas combining stencil patterns, stamps and alphabet stamps. The same samples are shown on page 1 with color applied. Different coloring techniques can be used: Leave backgrounds natural leather and add color using Cova Colors & Sharpie Pens or apply All-In-One Color Stain & Finish over the entire project. Then go back and add additional color.

CREATE DESIGNS USING DIFFERENT STENCILS, STAMPS & YOUR OWN IDEAS

COLORING HINTS:

WHEN USING ACRYLIC PAINTS over All-In-One, make light colors stand out on the dark background by first painting the inside of the design with white acrylic paint. Let it dry completely (few minutes), then paint over the white with the desired color. MIXING COLORS: The primary colors (red, yellow & blue) can be mixed to create the secondary colors (orange, green & purple). Add white to lighten and black to darken a color.

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CLASSROOM EXPANSION IDEAS:

~ Study the different ways we can help our environment. ~ Study and compare the daily activities of our ancestors to ours and see who was living more earth friendly. ~ Discuss the changes in our environment over the last 100 years.

RECYCLE ME!

"I am your Theme Bucket - be sure to recycle me! I would like to end up in your closet with many of my friends. I could store art supplies, extra leather project parts, or even help you organize your files. Create a new label for me so I can help you find what is stored in me. But until it's time to recycle, I am happy to bring fun & learning into your classroom by offering you Projects To-Go from Tandy Leather Factory."

© 2009 by Tandy Leather Factory

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TEMPLATES FOR PLANNING DESIGNS

Copy this page, cut apart on dotted lines and hand out, so students can practice designs on paper before applying them to ,the leather.

© 2009 by Tandy Leather Factory

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STAMPING Instructions:

(Shown here on a leather strip.) 1) After leather has been cased, hold stamp in a vertical (straight up and down) position. Be sure stamp is facing the desired direction. 2) Strike handle end of stamp firmly with mallet to leave a deep impression. 3) Repeat with same or different stamps. Be sure to keep leather damp while stamping. Reapply water lightly with sponge as needed.

SEEDER CAM or CAMOUFLAGE

VEINER SEE LEATHERCRAFT HANDBOOK FOR MORE ABOUT USING STAMPS

STAMPING Alphabets:

(Shown here on a leather strip.) 1) To stamp two or more letters in a row, first mark the center of the space where letters will be stamped. 2) Place stamps side by side, centered over the mark. Be sure stamps are facing the correct direction. 3) Remove all stamps except the first one to be stamped. 4) Insert stamp setter in top of stamp and strike firmly with mallet. Repeat if necessary until impression shows clearly in the leather. 5) Place 1st stamp back over its impression. Position 2nd stamp next to the first for proper spacing. 6) Remove 1st stamp. Insert stamp setter in top of stamp and strike firmly with mallet. Repeat if necessary. 7) Repeat with rest of letters. 8) Allow project to dry completely before applying All-In-One Stain & Finish.

CENTER

STAINING THE LEATHER:

You will be using All-In-One Stain & Finish which is a color and finish combined for speed. Be sure to work quickly and in a special staining area away from other supplies. 1) Shake bottle well. Transfer a liberal (heavy) amount of All-In-One onto a piece of sheep wool, but never directly onto the leather. NOTE: Only one coat is needed. 2) Then apply to leather quickly, rubbing in a circular motion until color is even and all cuts and impressions are full of stain. 3) Remove excess with a clean piece of sheep wool. Then, buff to a mellow gloss with a clean piece of sheep wool.

OPTION: After stain is dry, come back and add more color using colored markers or acrylic paints.

© 2009 by Tandy Leather Factory

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ASSEMBLY INSTRUCTIONS:

Be sure project is completely dry before assembly.

Decorate the fob using beads and cord.

Make a loop for attaching a key, or to attach fob to a bag handle or zipper pull:

· Measure & cut 12" of cord. · If fob is for a key, slip key on cord now. Then tie both ends together in a knot. · Push the folded end through the hole. · Push knotted end through loop at BEADING: folded end. · Use the plastic end on cord for pushing · Pull tight. through holes and beads. · If there is no plastic end on your cord, · To attach to a handle, wrap knotted end around handle. wrap a piece of tape tightly on end to · Push the folded end & fob through the create a point. loop at the knotted end · Pull tight.

OPTIONAL: "Lark's Head Knot"

HINT: Alway keep cord flat and avoid twisting it when threading it through holes and beads.

© 2009 by Tandy Leather Factory

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