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STUDENT'S ENGLISH-SWAHILI/SWAHILI-ENGLISH DICTIONARY

Dr. Thomas Wilson SESS Project/VSO Tanzania

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Preface

Student's English ­ Kiswahili Lexicon Version 4.0 September 12, 2005 One of the things I have noticed about our students is that, although they may be able to identify vocabulary in subject use, terminology, etc., they have a hard time actually conversing. They can tell you how to multiply using logarithms, define biological and chemical processes, but few of them can tell you what they did over the weekend. Typically, they will give one-word answers to questions. This lexicon is intended for Tanzanian secondary school students. The curriculum for Tanzanian secondary schools is set in English. However, most students' command of spoken English, even in upper Forms, is weak. Students' comfort level in spoken English is quite low. Few students possess the wherewithal to purchase dictionaries. Some schools, which do have libraries, may possess a few copies of one of the common EnglishKiswahili dictionaries e.g. Kirkby, TUKI, e.g. Kondoa Girls'. However, copies are few, where they do exist, and students are largely unfamiliar with their use. The aim of this lexicon is to provide students with a device whereby they may look up the Kiswahili equivalents of about 3000 English words. With practice, they may become familiar with the method of looking up equivalents of words on a one-to-one With Thanks to

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zima ziwa zulia entire lake carpet

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SESS/VSO KAMUSI basis. Over time, as they become knowledgeable about the equivalents, they may become more comfortable with English words. At that point they may branch out and be confident enough to learn to use the detailed dictionaries that do exist. I have chosen the vocabulary by consulting Peter Wilson's book "Simplified Swahili". Wilson presents a core vocabulary of about 3500 words, which he considers necessary for an English speaker to know and use in order to survive using Kiswahili. I used this logic in reverse in selecting about 3000 words, which when mastered, would permit students to survive in English. I have taken some of the words from Wilson's book, others from Joan Russell's "Teach Yourself Swahili", and added more that I have noticed in common use in everyday speech, and in the media. I used the TUKI dictionary to verify the correctness of the equivalents. I also consulted a number of English and Kiswahili teachers to verify usages.

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My aim was to keep the number of entries to a minimum, but at the same time provide a "critical mass" of words, to permit one to acquire a cogent vocabulary. Research indicates that once such a critical vocabulary mass is attained, ease and familiarity, and therefore, proficiency, in another language mushroom in a self-sustaining, self-nurturing process of learning. Put simply, one learns more words because one knows more words, and because one knows more words, one can "learn" to know more.

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ya rahisi ya siri ya tamu ya tulivu ya uadui ya utamu ya vivu ya vuguvugu ya wajinga ya wastani ya zamani ya zamani ya zima ya zito yaani yaani yai yaliopita yatima yeyote yo yote yo yote yote yumkini zahanati zaidi zaidi zaidi ya zamani zambarau zamu zawadi zawadi

SESS/VSO KAMUSI

easy confidential sweet quiet hostile delicious lazy warm stupid average long time ago, old (former) whole heavy i.e. namely egg past* orphan anyone all (any at all) any all (every) probably dispensary extra more more than ago purple workshift gift present

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Educational technology refers to this as a self-sustaining positive feedback loop. Buckminster Fuller used the analogy of flight to describe the process. Once speed is increased to the point where lift is attained over the wings, an aircraft can leave the ground. In learning, once the loop is engaged, the learning process "takes off", and "flight" is attained. In terms of a second language, once a critical vocabulary mass is learnt to the point of proficiency, a loop is engaged whereby one is able to learn more using that critical mass, and add to it in the process. In practice this would be seen and felt by the learner when they are functioning in the second language, and using it to acquire more vocabulary, which they can use to learn more. We recognize the phenomenon when we become aware that we are no longer translating, but using the other language as a device in itself. The point of this lexicon, therefore, is the provision and induction of the linguistic tool of that critical vocabulary mass. I would like to thank the following people who assisted me in the preparation of this document. Walimu Omari and Tagalile, Kondoa Girls Secondary, for help with the translations and spelling, Mrs. Karen Yunus, SESS Project, for her constant and unflagging encouragement from the beginning of this idea. Thanks also to Mr. F. Habili, Head Master of Kigwe Secondary, for his final corrections. I would also like to thank VSO-Tanzania, for supporting the project, our final, and most sincere thanks must go to Barclays With Thanks to

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ya kawaida ya kawaida ya kawaida ya kawaida ya kigeni ya kisasa ya kudumu ya kuparuza ya kupendeza ya kupendeza ya kutosha ya kuvunjika upesi ya kwanza ya lazima ya lazima ya majimaji ya mara moja ya mbali ya moja kwa moja ya mraba ya mwezi ya mwima ya mwinuko mkali ya mwisho ya mwisho ya nani ya ncha za dunia ya nuklia ya ote ya pana ya pekee ya potevu ya pya normal ordinary regular routine (adj) strange (foreign) modern permanent rough interesting pleasant adequate fragile first compulsory vital wet immediate remote direct square lunar upright steep final last whose polar nuclear universal wide only wasteful new

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SESS/VSO KAMUSI Bank, who funded the VSO small grants which allowed this project to succeed. Dr. Thomas Wilson, VSO September 12, 2005 Dodoma

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wilaya wima wima wimbo wimbo wingi wingu wino wizara wokovu ya ajabu ya akili timamu ya asidi* ya asili ya baridi ya baridi ya bure ya chafu ya chini ya ekundu ya embamba ya eupe ya furaha ya haki ya hakika ya hatari ya hekima ya ingine ya jifunika ya jua, ya sola ya jumla ya juu ya kali

SESS/VSO KAMUSI

district erect vertical hymn song plenty cloud ink ministry salvation strange (odd) sane acidic natural cold (adj) cool free dirty lower red thin white happy fair sure (adj) dangerous wise other wrapped solar general upper acute

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KISWAHILI-KINGEREZA

a mwanzo abiria ada ada ya posta adabu adabu adhabu adhabu adhuhuri adimu adimu adui afadhali afadhali afya agizo ahadi aidha aina aina aina ajali ajira akiba akiba akili akili akili timamu alama alama preliminary passengers fee postage manners politeness penalty punishment noon rare scarce enemy preferable rather health instruction promise moreover nature species type accident employment reserve store ingenuity intelligence sanity mark sign

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vizuri vizuri vumbi vyombo wa kawaida wa kitoto wa kufuga wa na vitu ndani wa, au ya zamani wafanyakazi wafu wakati wakati wa wala (plus negative) wapi waridi wasiwasi wasiwasi wastani watu wavu wazazi wazi wazi wazi wazi (maana mengi) waziri waziwazi wazo wazo wazo wazo wiki nicely well (good) dust kitchen stuff normally childish tame contain* former staff dead, the time (instance) while neither where rose nervous worry average people net parents distinct open plain open (clear) minister straightforward idea notion theme thought week

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alama alasiri alfajiri Alhamisi alikufa almradi ama sivyo ama...ama amani ambukizo amekufa aminifu aminifu amri amri amri anga anga angalifu antena anwani anwani ardhi ardhi ardhi asidi asilan asilani asili asili asili asili ya asilimia

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symbol afternoon dawn Thursday died, he (some time ago) as long as otherwise (if not) either...or peace infection died, he (just now) reliable honest command order (command) rule sky space accurate adj. antenna (radio/telephone) address (postal) title earth (soil) ground land acid never never cause origin source native percent

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askari askari askofu asubuhi athari athari athiri athiri au azma baada ya baadaye baadaye baadhi ya baadhi ya baadhi ya (watu) baadhi ya watu baba badala ya bado bado bado bafu bahari bahasha bahasha bahati bandari bandari bandia bara barabara barabara policeman soldier bishop morning effect influence effect* influence* or purpose after afterwards later (on) certain several some (people) some eg. people father instead of as yet not yet still shower ocean bundle envelope luck harbour port false dry land flawlessly road

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utamaduni utawala utoto uumiza uvumilivu uvumilivu uwanja uwazo uwazo uwezo uwezo uwezo uwongo uzazi uzee uzi uzito uzoefu uzuri viatu vibaya viboko vifaa vijana vile vile vilevile vilevile vilevile vilevile vilio la dama vipi vita vitu

SESS/VSO KAMUSI

culture administration childhood hurt* patience perseverence playing field clarity openness ability means (ability) strength lie (a) birth old age thread weight experience beauty shoes badly hippo supplies youth, the same, just the as well as besides likewise similarly bruise how war stuff

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umeme umoja umri unapikaje unasemaje unene unga unga upana upande upande wa upasuaji upepo upesi upesi upuuzi urafiki urefu urefu urefu usafi usafi usaha usamala usemi ushahidi ushairi ushauri ushinde usiku uso uso usukani lightning unity age how do you cook how do you say thickness flour powder breadth side towards surgery wind fast quickly nonsense friendship depth height length cleanliness purity pus safety speech proof poetry advice defeat night face surface rubber

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barafu baraka baraza baridi barua barua basi basi bastola batili bawa be kufaa be kutakiwa be kuwa na njaa be kuwahi bega bei bei bendera betri biashara biashara biashara bibi bidii bihari bikari bila bila sauti bila shaka bila shaka bila shaka binadamu

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ice blessing assembly (school) cold letter mail bus so pistol invalid wing useful* needed* hungry* on time* shoulder cost price flag battery business commerce trade lady effort sea compass (geometrical drawing) without soundless certainly naturally surely human being

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binafsi binamu binti bivu bizari bomba bonde bora bora (kuliko) bovu bunge bure bure burudani bustani chachu chaki chakula chakula chama chama chama chama chandalua changa changamani chapa cheche chemchemi cherehani cheti chini chini private cousin daughter ripe curry pump valley best better (than) rotten parliament needlessly useless entertainment garden sour chalk food meal association club co-operative society society (a) mosquito net young complex brand spark spring (water) sewing machine certificate bottom down(wards)

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udongo udugu ufa ufagio ufunguo ugomvi ugonjwa ugonjwa ugonjwa wa mlipuko uhitaji uhuru uhusiano Uislamu ujumbe ujuzi ukingo ukmilifu ukosefu Ukristo ukubwa ukungu ukurasa ukuta ukweli ulimi ulimwengu ulizo uma umaskini umbali umbo umekutana umeme

SESS/VSO KAMUSI

soil brotherhood crack broom key quarrel disease illness epidemic need, a freedom relationship Islam message experience margin perfection lack Christianity size fog page wall truth tongue nature enquiry fork poverty distance shape have you met? electricity

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toka toka! towe tu tufe tukio tumbo tumbo tumbo la kuhara tumemaliza tunda tundu tupu tupu twiga ua uamuzi uangalifu ubaguzi ubalozi ubao ubao ubao ubavu ubaya ubaya ubongo uchaguzi uchawi uchegelele uchungu uchunguzi udhaifu from (place) get out! clay only sphere event abdomen stomach diarrhoea have finished, we fruit hole blank empty giraffe flower decision care (attention) discrimination embassy board plank wood rib bad(ness) evil brain election witchcraft bowel (small) bitterness research weakness

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chini ya chini ya chini ya chizi chizi chombo chombo chombo chombo chombo chombo choo chui chujio chuma chumba chumvi chuo kikuu chupa chupi chura dada daima daima daima daima dakika daktari dalili damu daraja daraja daraja

SESS/VSO KAMUSI

below beneath under cheese eccentric boat container (any vessel) device instrument pot tool lavatory leopard filter steel room salt university bottle underwear frog sister constantly for ever forever perpetually minute doctor symptom blood bridge dignity rank

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daraja daraja darasa darasani dari dawa dawa dawa deni dereva dhahiri (wazi) dhaifu dhaifu dhambi dharura dhoruba dhuru dini dira dirisha doa duara duara duka dunia dunia eka elimu endapo eneo enye adabu epesi exsirei staircase steps classroom in the classroom ceiling chemical drug medicine debt driver obvious frail weak sin emergency storm harm religion compass (directional) window spot circle round shop earth (world) world acre education in case area polite swift X-Ray

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takwimu tamu tanga tangazo tangazo tangazo tangu tangu tarakimu taratibu taratibu tarehe tarishi tatizo tawi tayari tayari tembo(TZ) tena tendo tendo tetemeko tetemeko thamani theluji tiba tiba tiketi tikiti timu tishio tofali tofauti

SESS/VSO KAMUSI

statistics sweet sail announcement notice poster from (time) since figure (number) carefully gently date messenger problem branch (all senses) already ready elephant again act (an) fact earthquake quake value snow medical treatment treatment (medical) ticket ticket team threat brick different

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sio sahihi siopenya maji siopitisha maji siowezekana siri sisi sisi sote sivyo siwezi siwezi soko somo somo stempu sudi sukari sumu swala swali swichi taa taarifa taarifa tabaka tabia tabia tabia tahadhari taifa tajiri takataka takataka takataka inexact waterproof watertight impossible secret us all (of us) not so I am not well I cannot market subject lesson stamp purpose sugar poison case (affair) question switch lamp record report class behaviour habit nature caution nation rich litter rubbish waste

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fahari faida faida faida faida familia fanaka faraasi fariji faru filamu fisi fuleni fumbo fundi fundi fungu fungu fupi furaha furaha furaha, raha gani gari gari garimoshi gazeti gazeti geregi gereza ghafula ghali ghorofa

SESS/VSO KAMUSI

luxury advantage benefit gain profit family success (a) horse comfort rhino film (motion picture) hyena queue puzzle craftsman skilled worker heap pile short joy pleasure fun which car vehicle train magazine newspaper garage prison suddenly expensive storey

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giza godoro goti gugu gumu gumu gunzi gurudumu habari habari hadithi hai hail ya mambo haina sauti haiwezikani haki haki hakika hakimu hakuna (hakina...) hakuna kiti halafu halali hali hali hali hali hali ya hewa halisi halisi halisi halmashauri hapa dark(ness) mattress knee weed difficult severe cob (maiza) wheel information news story alive circumstances no sound, there is impossible, it is justice rights certain(ty) judge none nothing then valid condition situation state (condition) status weather authentic genuine real council here

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shabaha shabaha shaka shamba shangazi shauri sheria shetani shida shida shida shimo shindano shingo shughuli siagi siasa siasa sifa sifuri sigara sikio siku siku fulani siku gani siku hizi siku hizi sikuzote silaha sindana sindano sinema sio na uzito

SESS/VSO KAMUSI

objective target doubt plantation paternal aunt affair law devil difficulty hardship trouble pit race neck function butter politics politics praise zero cigarette ear day sometime which day lately nowadays always weapons injection needle cinema weightless

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sala salama salama salama samahani samahani samaki sana sanamu sanduku sanifu sanifu sarufi sasa sasa hivi sasa hivi sauti sauti sawa sawa sawa (na) sawa na sawasawa sayari sehemu sehemu sehemu sehemu sepetu seremala serikali shaba (nyekundu) shabaha prayer safe safely security excuse me sorry fish very image box proper standard grammar now immediately just now sound voice same straight equal (with) alike level planet fraction part portion section shovel carpenter government copper aim

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haraka haramu harufu harusi hasa hasa hata hata kidogo hata kidogo hatari hatari hatimaye hatua herufi hesabu heshima heshima hewa hisabati hisani hitilafu hivyo hodari hodari hodari hodari hodhi hofu homa hongera! hotuba huduma huka

SESS/VSO KAMUSI

hurry illegal odour wedding especially particularly even least (not in the) not at all danger peril eventually step letter of the alphabet bill honour respect air mathematics kindness defect thus able capable (person) efficient energetic tank (water) fear fever congratulations! address (sermon) service over here

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huku hukumu humu huru huruma huruma idara idhaa ijayo ijayo Ijumaa iko wapi ila ili ilikuwa imani imani imara imara imara imefungua inashida gani? inategemea ingawa ingawa ini injika injini inzi isipokuwa isiyokoma jambo jamii hereabouts judgement herein free pity sympathy department channel (TV/radio) ahead (in the future) next Friday where is (a person) except so as to it was belief faith firm stable strong open (eg. door), it is what is wrong? it depends although though liver put on stove* engine fly (insect) except infinite (math) matter society (in the general sense)

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raia rais ramani ramani rangi rangi ratiba ratiba risasi robo roho roho ruhusa ruhusa rushwa saa saa saa sababu sabuni sabuni ya unga safari safi safi safu (milima) sahani sahihi sahihi sahihi sahihi sahihi sahili sakafu

SESS/VSO KAMUSI

citizen president chart map colour paint schedule timetable lead (metal) quarter soul spirit permission permit bribe clock hour time (hour) reason soap soap powder journey clean pure range plate accurate adj. correct correct precise signature simple floor

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paja paka pale pamba pamoja panya panya peke y(angu) pekee pekee pembe pendekezo pengine pengine pesa pete petroli pia pia pikipiki pilipili plasta poa poison polepole polisi pua puto pwani pwani pwani rafiki rahisi thigh cat there cotton together mouse rat alone only (the **** something) special corner suggestion elsewhere sometimes money ring petrol also too motorbike pepper plaster dressing cool (slang) sumu slowly police nose baloon beach coast seacost friend cheap

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jana jani jarabio jarida jasho jawabu jembe jeraha jeraha jibu jicho jiko jiko jimbo jina jino jinsi jinsi, namna, aina jiografia jioni jirani jiwe jogoo joto jozi jua Jumamosi Jumanne Jumapili Jumatano Jumatatu jumba la makumbusho jumla

SESS/VSO KAMUSI

yesterday leaf experiment journal perspiration answer (math) hoe injury wound answer eye cooker kitchen state or province name tooth nature sort geography evening neighbour stone cock (male chicken) heat pair sun Saturday Tuesday Sunday Wednesday Monday museum sum

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jumla juu juu ya juu ya juu ya juzi juzijuzi kabati kabila kabisa kabisa kabisa kabisa kabisa kabisa kabla ya kabla ya kaburi kadiri kahawa kaka kalamu kalenda kali kama kama kama kama kamba kamba kamba kambi kamera total up above on top, on day before yesterday recently cupboard tribe all (completely, totally) completely entirely extremely perfectly thoroughly before prior to grave content coffee brother (elder) pen calendar severe about (approx.) as (like) if like cord rope string camp camera

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numba tegemezi nusu nusuduara nyama nyama ya ng'ombe nyembamba nyingine nyingine nyingine nyoka nyota nyoya nyuma nyuma nyuma ya nyumba nyumbani nyundo nywele nzima nzima nzuri nzuri nzuri (many senses) ofisi oksigeni ombwe oni onyo operesheni orodha paa paja

SESS/VSO KAMUSI

function (math) half semicircle meat beef narrow another other other snake star feather back(wards) rear behind house home hammer hair sound (adj) well (adj) beautiful nice good office oxygen vaccuum opinion warning operation list roof hip

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ndoto ndugu nene neno neusi ng´ambo ngano ngao ngazi ngoma ng'ombe ng'ombe ngumu nguo nguruwe nguruwe nguvu nguvu nguvu nimepotea Nimesikia... nipe nje ya njegere njia njia njia njia panda njiani njuu nomino ntulivu ntupu dream, a brother (younger) fat word black overseas wheat shield ladder dance cattle cow(s) hard clothes pig pork energy power strength I am lost I am informed... give me outside peas path route way crossroads on the way high noun calm vacant

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kamili kamili kamili kamili kamili kamili kamili kanda kando (ya) kando ya kando ya kanisa karafuu karamu karamu karani karata karatasi karibu karibu karibu na karibu na karibu na karibu watu wote karimu kasisi kasoro kati kati ya kati ya katika katika katikati

SESS/VSO KAMUSI

absolute(ly) complete exact intact o'clock perfect thorough zone edge (of) beside next to church cloves feast party clerk cards (playing) paper almost soon by close by near most (people) generous priest less centre among between in in in the middle

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katikati katikati ya katikati ya katoliki kawaida kazi kazi kazi kazkazini kesho kutwa kiasi kiasi kiasi kiasi gani kiatu kibanda kibanda kibarua kibiriti kibluu kichefuchefu kichwa kidato kidogo kidogo kidogo kidogo kidogo kidole kidole kidonge kielezi kifo middle (in the) amongst in the centre (of) catholic custom job labour work north day after tomorrow amount quantity rate how much boot hut shed labourer matches blue nausea head form (school) faintly rather slightly small somewhat finger toe tablet adverb death

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mzizi mzoga nadharia nadhifu nadhifu nafaka nafaka nafasi nafasi nafasi nafasi nafasi nafsi nafuu nakadhalika nakala namba namna nani nani nauli nazi nchi ndama ndani ya ndege ndege ndimu ndiyo ndoa ndogo ndoo ndoo

SESS/VSO KAMUSI

root carcass theory smart (adj) tidy corn grain capacity (fullness) chance (a) gap opportunity space (a place) self reasonable etc. copy number kind (a) who who fare(bus) coconut country calf inside aeroplane bird lime yes marriage mild bucket pail

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mwangwi mwanzoni mwavuli mwema mwendo mwendo mwendo mwenye mwenye haya mwenyeji mwenyeji mwenyekiti mwenyewe mwezi mwezi mwezi huu mwili mwindaji mwisho mwisho mwishoni Mwislamu mwivi mwivu mwizi mwizi mwizi mwuguzi mzazi mzee mzigo mzigo mzima echo originally umbrella friendly movement speed speed owner shy inhabitant resident chairperson owner month moon month, this body hunter conclusion (ending) end finally Moslem thief jealous burglar robber thief nurse parent elder burden load entire

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kifua kifuli kifungo kifungo kifuniko kifuniko kifurishi kigeregenza kiini kijana kijana kijani kijiji kijiji kijiko kijivu kikasili kikonyo kila kila siku kila siku kilele kilele kilele kilima kilimo kilio kima kimya kinaganaga kiongozi kiongozi kioo

SESS/VSO KAMUSI

chest (human) lock bond button cap (bottle, lens) lid parcel splinter (glass) core young man youth green village villages spoon grey myth stem each daily every day noise peak top (of) hill agriculture mourning monkey silence explicitly guide leader glass

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kioo kipande kipande kipapasio kipawa kipepeo kipimo kipimo kipindi kipingamizi kipofu kirazini kisa kisahani kisawe kisima kisiwa kisu kitabu kitambaa kitambaa kitana kitanda kitenzi kiti kiti kito kitu kitu kitu (moja) kitu cho chote kiu kivuli mirror piece slice antenna (insect) talent butterfly scale standard (a) period objection blind person rational story (the reason) saucer synonym well (water) island knife book cloth curtain comb bed verb chair seat jewels object thing something anything thirst shade

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mtumishi mtupu muda muda muda muda gani muhala muhimu mume muongo muujiza muziki mvivu mvua mvuke mvulana mvuvi mvuvi mwaka mwaka iliopita mwaka ujao mwamba mwana mwanafunzi mwanamke mwanaume mwandishi mwandishi mwandishi wa habari mwanga mwanga wa jua mwanga wa nyota mwangalifu

SESS/VSO KAMUSI

servant empty duration period (of time) term how long term (school) important husband liar mystery music lazy person rain steam boy fisherman fisherman year last year next year rock son pupil woman man, a author writer journalist light sunlight starlight thoughtful

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mshumaa msichana msichana msimu msingi msingi msingi msisimko msitu msitu mskiti mstari mstari mstari msumari mtaa mtaalamu mtakatifu mtalii mtego mtelemko mti mtindo mto mto mto mtoto mtu mtu fulani mtu mzima mtulivu mtumbwi mtumishi candle girl young woman season base foundation primary excitement woodland forest mosque line queue row nail street professional holy tourist trap slope tree style cushion pillow river child person somebody adult still canoe employee

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kivumishi kiwete kiwete kiwiko kiwonja kizibo kizibo kizingo kizuizi kodi kofia kofia koo kopo kopo kosa kosogea koti koti kuabudu kuacha kuacha kuacha kuacha kuadhibu kuaga kuagiza kuahidi kuahirisha kualika kuambatisha kuambia kuamini

SESS/VSO KAMUSI

adjective cripple lame (person) elbow ground cork stopper curve (bend) obstacle tax cap (hat) hat throat can tin (can) mistake move* coat jacket worship* abandon* leave* something or someone quit* stop it* punish* say good bye* order (place)* promise* postpone* invite* attach* tell* believe*

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kuamini kuaminifu kuaminifu kuamka kuamka kuamsha kuamua kuamua kuandaa kuandika kuangalia kuangalia kuangalia kuanguka kuanguks kuanika kuanza kuanza kuarifu kuarifu kuasi kuazima kubadilisha kubadilisha kubadilisha kubadilisha kubadilishana kubadilishana kubadilishana kubaki kubali kubana kubana trust* faithful trustworthy awake* wake (up)* awaken (someone)* decide* rule that* arrange* write look at* observe* watch* collapse* fall* dry in the sun* begin* start* inform* notify* rebel* lend* alter* exchange* exchange* (money) replace* exchange* exchange* (most other senses) share* remain* far compress* squeeze*

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mnyororo moshi moto moyo mpaka mpaka mpaka mpaka mpaka mpaka mpaka sasa mpana mpana mpango mpango mpango mpango mpini mpishi mpofu mpole mpumbavu mpya mrefu msaada msada msafiri msalaba msamiati mshahara mshangao mshipa wa damu mshiskaki

SESS/VSO KAMUSI

chain smoke fire heart border boundary limit until until, up to up to until now broad flat arrangement order plan planning handle cook blind (adj) gentle person stupid new deep help aid traveller cross vocabulary salary surprise vein kebab

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mji mkubwa mjomba mjusi mkali mkasi mkate mkavu mke mkia mkimya mkoa mkono mkono mkono Mkristo mkubwa mkubwa mkubwa mkutano mkuukuu mlango mlinzi mlo mmea mmea mnafiki mnara mnene mno mnyama mnyama mwitu mnyama wa kufuga mnyama wa kufuga city uncle lizard fierce scissors bread dry wife tail quiet person region arm hand sleeve Christian big great large meeting old (worn out) door guard meal crop plant hypocrite tower thick too much animal animal (wild) domestic animal livestock

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kubandika kubariki kubatilisha kubatilisha kubatilisha kubatiza kuboresha kubuni kuburudisha kubusu kucha kuchagua kuchanganya kuchanganya kuchanganya kucheka kuchekelea kuchelewa kuchelewa kuchemsha kuchepuka kucheza kucheza kuchimba kuchinja kuchoka kuchoma kuchoma kuchoma kuchoma kuchonga kuchora kuchora

SESS/VSO KAMUSI

stick onto* bless* annul* invalidate* revoke christen* improve* invent* refresh* kiss* claw choose* blend* combine* mix* laugh* smile* late be* late* be boil* swerve* act* (on stage) dance* dig* slaughter (animal) * tired be* burn* something pierce* roast* stab* sharpen* design* draw

25

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With Thanks to

SESS/VSO KAMUSI

kuchukua kuchukua kuchuma kuchuma kuchungulia kudakiza kudanganya kudanganya kudanganya kudanganya kudharau kudhuru kuegemea kuegesha kuelea kuelea kuelekea kuelekea kuelekeza kuelewa kueleza kuelezea kuelimisha kuenda kuendalea kuendalea kuendalea kuishi kuendelea kuendelea kuendelea kuendeleza kuendesha kuenye carry* take* earn* pick* examine carefully* interrupt* cheat* deceive* lie* (tell lies) trick* despise* harm* lean* (toward) park* clear, be* float* toward towards point* understand* explain* describe* educate* go* go ahead* proceed* survive* carry on* continue* progress* spell a word* drive* having

26

mfereji mfuatano mfuatano mfuko mfuko mfumo mfupa mfupi mganga mganga wa mifugo mgeni mgeni mgeni mgongano mgongo mgonjwa mgonjwa mgu mguu mguu mhadhara mhariri mhudumu miaka milele miradi mita mitihani miwani mizani mizani mizigo mizigo

SESS/VSO KAMUSI

ditch sequence series bag pocket system bone brief doctor veterinarian (vet) foreigner strange visitor impact (touch) back (person´s) ill patient leg foot leg lecture editor waiter years eternally projects metre exams glasses balance (scales) scale(s) baggage luggage

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SESS/VSO KAMUSI

mboga mbu mbung'o mbwa mchache mchana mchanga mchezaji mchezo mchezo mchirizo mchumba mchungu mchuzi mdomo mdomo mdudu mdudu meli meli mende meno mepesi merevu meupe meza mfalme mfano mfano mfanyabiashara mfanyakazi mfereji mfereji vegetables mosquito tsetse fly dog few daytime sand player game play curve (math) fiancée bitter sauce lip mouth bug insect boat (large) ship cockroach teeth light, easy crafty clear table king example specimen businessman worker canal channel (water)

50

kuepuka kuerevu kufagia kufagia kufahamu kufahamu kufanana kufanana na kufanikiwa kufanua kufanya kufanya kufanya kazi kufanya mazoezi kufanyiza kufarahi kufariki kufasili kufaulu kufaulu kuficha kufika kufika kufikicha kufikiri kufikiria kufikiria kufua kufuata kufuatana na kufuga kufuma kufuma

SESS/VSO KAMUSI

evade* smart brush* sweep* aware be* infer* resemble* look like* succeed in life* reveal* do* make* work* practise* generate* rejoice* die* define* pass* an exam succeed in a task* hide* arrive* reach* rub* consider* (think) consider* (think over) imagine* wash (clothes)* follow* according to keep livestock* weave* knit*

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kufumua kufundisha kufundisha kufunga kufunga kufunga kufunga kufungia kufungua kufungua kufunika kufunua kufupisha kufupisha kufurahia kufuta kufuta kufuta kufuta kuganda kugawa kugawanyika kugeuza kugombana kugonga kugonga kugonga kugongana kugundua kugundua kugusa kuhadhari kuhakikisha unravel* instruct* teach* close* fasten* shut* tie* wrap* open* untie* cover* uncover* compress* (ideas) shorten* enjoy* cancel* erase* rub* wipe* freeze* divide* share* (divide up) reverse quarrel* bump* knock * tap* collide* detect* discover* touch* take precaution* ensure*

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maskini matamshi matembezi matibabu matokeo matokeo matokeo matokeo matope matumbo matumizi maumivu maziko mazishi maziwa mazoezi mazoezi mazugumzo mbali mbali mbali mbalimbali mbalimbali mbalimbali mbaya mbaya mbele mbele ya mbele ya mbele ya mbeya mbichi mbinu

SESS/VSO KAMUSI

poor pronunciation walk (stroll) treatment (medical) consequence(s) impact (result) result outcome mud bowel (large) use pain funeral funeral milk exercise practice conversation apart (far) away )adv) far diverse separate various bad wrong forward beyond front, in in front of gossip (a) fresh method

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With Thanks to

SESS/VSO KAMUSI

makao maktaba mali mali mali malkia mama mama mdogo mango manjano manufaa maonesho mapema mapema mapokezi maporomoko ya maji mara mara chache mara kwa mara mara kwa mara mara moja mara ngapi mara nyingi mara nyingi Marekani marekebisho masahihisho, marudio mashariki mashindano mashughuli masika masikio masikitiko residence library property resource wealth queen mother maternal aunt solid yellow usefulness show, a early soon reception waterfall rigid seldom occasionally sometimes once how many times in most cases often USA repairs revision east competition busy rainy season ears disappointment

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kuhakikisha kuhakikisha kuhamisha kuharibifu kuharibu kuharibu kuharibu kuharibu kuhariri kuhatarisha kuhesabu kuhesabu kuhifadhi kuhifadhi kuhitaji kuhubiri kuhudumia kuhukumu kuhuluku kuhusu kuhusu, juu ya kuhutubia kuhuzuni kuiba kuimarika kuimarisha kuimarisha kuimba kuinama kuingia kuingia kuingiza kuinua

SESS/VSO KAMUSI

make sure* sure, make* transfer* ruin* damage* destroy* impair* spoil* edit* imperil* add* (count) count* preserve* protect* need* preach* serve* judge* create* concerning (about) about (concerning) lecture* sad steal* stable be * afix* reinforce* sing* lean* come in| enter* insert* lift*

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With Thanks to

SESS/VSO KAMUSI

kuinua kuishi kuishi kuita kuita kuiva kuja kujaa kujali kujalia kujaribu kujaribu kujaza kujaza upepo kujenga kujiamini kujibu kujibu kujieleza kujifanya kujifungua kujifunza kujifunza kujiongoza kujisifu kujitolea kujiunga kujua kukaa kukaa kukaa kukaa kukaanga raise* exist* reside* call* summon* ripen* come* full be* take care* grant* attempt* try* fill* inflate* build* self-confidence answer* reply* express oneself* pretend* give birth* learn* learn* self-discipline boast* volunteer* join (with)* know dwell* live* (reside) sit* stay* fry*

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mabega machachari macho mada madaraka maelekezo maelezo maendeleo maendeleo mafaa mafanikio mafunzo mafuta mafuta mafuta ya taa magharibi mahali mahali mahali fulani mahali fulani mahindi mahitaji maisha maiti majani majeruhi maji majira majira ya baridi majira ya joto makaa makaburi makala

SESS/VSO KAMUSI

shoulders excitement eyes topic responsibility instructions (directions) explanation development progress benefit success training fat (oil, animal fat) oil paraffin west place position someplace somewhere maize necessities life corpse grass victims water season winter summer charcoal graves written article

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With Thanks to

SESS/VSO KAMUSI

kwa sasa kwa, na, pamoja na kwahiyo kwamba kwanza kweli kweli kweli kwisha kwisha labda labda labda ladha laini laini lakini lango lazima lazima (plus subjunctive) likizo likizo likizo limau lini liochelewa liojaa lugha maafikiano maana maana maana yake ni maarifa meanwhile with therefore that firstly really truly truly already finished, to be maybe perhaps possibly taste smooth soft but gate necessary must holiday leave (vacation) vacation lemon when late full language agreement importance meaning means it knowledge

46

kukaba kukagua kukamata kukamata kukamata kukamata kukamata kukamata kisheria kukana kukanusha kukarabati kukarabati kukaribisha kukaribisha kukasirika kukata kukata tamaa kukataa kukataa kukataza kukausha kukaza kukimbia kukisi kukisia kukodisha kukohoa kukokotoa kukoma kukopa kukopesha kukoroga kukosea

SESS/VSO KAMUSI

strangle* inspect* arrest* capture* hold* impound* seize* impound* deny* deny* renovate* repair* invite* welcome (someone)* angry be* cut* despair* refuse* reject* forbid* dry* (off something) tighten* run* kiss* guess* rent* cough* calculate* cease* borrow* lend* stir* err*

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SESS/VSO KAMUSI

kukosea kukosea kuku kukua kukua kukubali kukubali kukubali kukumbuka kukumbusha kukuna kukunja kukunjua kukurupua kukusanya kukusudia kukutana na kukwaa kula kulabu kulala fofofo kulala usingizi kulalamika kulalamika kulazimika kulazimisha kulazimisha kulazimisha kulazimishwa kule kulegea kuleta kuleta fail* make a mistake* chicken grow up* grow* accept* (agree) agree to* approve* remember* remind* scratch* fold* unfold* startle* collect* intend* meet* stumble* eat* hook sleep like a log* sleep* complain* protest* compelled be* compel* force* oblige* compelled be* thereabouts loose* be bring* fetch*

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kuwinda kuyeyuka kuyeyuka kuyeyusha kuzaliwa kuzama kuzidi kuzidisha mwendo kuzika kuzima kuzimia kuzingira kuzoea kuzoea kuzuia kuzunguka kuzunguka kuzunguka kuzunguka kuzungumza kuzuru kuzurura kwa kwa haraka kwa kawaida kwa kawaida kwa kifupi kwa kina kwa kusudi kwa namna fulani kwa nini kwa sababu kwa sababu

SESS/VSO KAMUSI

hunt* dissolve* melt* dissolve* born to be sink* exceed* accelerate* bury* extinguish* faint* surround* accustomed be* get used to* prevent encircle* go around* revolve* rotate* talk (chat) * visit* wander* per quickly customarily usually briefly detail intentionally somehow why as (since, because) because

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SESS/VSO KAMUSI

kuvaa kuvaa kuvimba kuvinjari kuvinjari kuvua kuvua samaki kuvuja kuvumilia kuvuna kuvunja kuvuta kuvuta kuvuta kuvuta kuvuta pumzi kuwa kuwa kuwa kiziwi kuwa na kuwa na kuwa na mimba kuwa na njaa kuwahi kuwahi, kuweza kuwaka kuwasha kuwasha kuweka kuweka kuweza kuwezekana kuwia deni wear* don* swell* stroll about* wander around (someplace)* undress* go fishing* leak* persevere* harvest* break* drag* draw* (pull, attract) pull* tow* breathe* be* become* deaf have* possess* pregnant be* hungry be* punctual be* manage* burn* (be burning) ignite light (up)* put* store* able be* possible be* owe to*

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kulia kulia kulia kulia chozi kuliko kulima kulima kulinda kulinda kulinganisha kulipa kulisha kulowa kumaliza kumenya kumeza kumiliki kumimina kumwaga kumwaga kuna kunakili kunawa kundi kung'aa kung'oa kungoja kungojea kuni kunoa kunong'ona kunuka kunukia

SESS/VSO KAMUSI

cry* right weep* weep* than cultivate* plow* defend* protect* compare* pay* feed* soak be* finish* peel* swallow* own* pour* pour away* spill* there is copy* wash (hands)* group shine* pull out* wait* wait for* firewood sharpen (blade)* whisper* smell bad* smell good*

33

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With Thanks to

SESS/VSO KAMUSI

kununua kununua kunusa kunya kunyamaza kunyesha mvua kunyoa kunyosha kunyunyizia kunywa kuoa kuoga kuogelea kuogopa kuogopa kuogopa kuogoyfa kuoka kuokoa kuokoa kuokota kuokota kuolewa kuomba kuomba kuomba kuomboradhi kuona kuona shaka kuondoa kuondoa kuondoka kuondoka buy* purchase* smell* (sniff) defecate* quiet be* rain* shave* straighten* spray* drink* marry* (man) bathe* swim* afraid be* fear* scared be * frighten* bake* rescue* save* discover* pick up* marry* (woman) ask for* pray* request* apologize* find* doubt* delete* remove* depart* leave* a place

34

kutokea kutokea kutokomea kutosha kutoza kutu kutuma kutumaini kutumia kutumia kutundika kutunga kutunga kutunza kutunza kutunza kutunza kutupa kutupa kuu kuua kuuliza kuuliza kuuliza kuuma kuuma kuumia kuumwa kuumwa kuunganisha kuuratibu kuuza kuvaa

SESS/VSO KAMUSI

happen* occur* vanish* enough be * fine* rust send (by third party) * hope* spend* use* hang* compose* (book, music, various other senses) devise* look after* maintain* take care of* keep* dump* throw away main (adj) kill* ask* question) enquire* query* bite* hurting be* injured (be)* pain* feel sore be* connect* coordinate* sell* dress*

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SESS/VSO KAMUSI

kuteleza kuteleza kuteleza kutembea kutembelea kutenda kutenda kutenda kutenda kutenga kutenga kutengeneza kutetemeka kutetemka kuthibitisha kutia sahihi kutia waa kutibu kutibu kutii kutisha kutoa kutoa kutoa kutoa kutoa kutoa damu kutoa jawabu kutoa rushwa kutoka kutoka kutoka kutoka damu skid* slide* slip* walk* visit* act* act* (take action) behave* commit* isolate* separate* repair* shake* tremble* convince* sign* stain* examination (medical) treat (medically) * obey* threaten* offer* provide* supply* take out* withdraw* bleed* solve* bribe* come from* (be from a place) exit* go out| bleed* (be bleeding)

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kuonekana kuonekana kuonekana kuongea kuongeza kuongeza kuongoza kuongoza kuongoza kuongoza (gari, boti, ndege) kuonja kuonya kuonyesha kuota kuoza kuoza kupa kupaka kupaka kupakua kupalilia kupamba kupanda kupanda kupanda kupanda kupanda kupanda kupanga kupanga kupanga kupanga meza

SESS/VSO KAMUSI

appear* evident* visible be * converse* add* (increase) increase* guide* lead* steer* navigate* taste* warn* point out* dream decompose marry* (by priest) give* apply* (spread upon) smear* unload* weed* decorate* board* (bus, etc) climb* mount* plant* ride* rise* arrange* fix (plan) plan* set table*

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With Thanks to

SESS/VSO KAMUSI

kupangusa kupanua kupanua kupasua kupasua kupasua kupata kupata kupata kupata kupeleka kupeleka kupenda kupendekeza kupendekeza kupendelea kupendeza kupiga kupiga kupiga chafya kupiga chapa kupiga chapa kupiga deki kupiga kelele kupiga kelele kupiga kengele kupiga kiki kupiga kura kupiga magoti kupiga makofi kupiga miayo kupiga mluzi kupiga mstari dust* (do dusting) expand* widen* crack* split* tear* acquire* get* obtain* procure* convey* send* like* recommend* suggest* prefer* please* hit* strike* sneeze* print* type* mop* make noise* shout* ring a bell* kickstart* vote* kneel* clap* yawn* whistle* draw a line*

36

kusumbua kusumbua kutafikiri kutafsiri kutafuna kutafuta kutafuta jibu kutaja kutaka kutakiwa kutambua kutambua kutambua kutamka kutamka kutandika kutandika matakoni kutangaza kutangaza kutangulia kutapika kutatua kutatua kutawala kutawala kutawala kutayarisha kutayarisha kutazamia kutegemea kutegemea kutegemeza kutelemka

SESS/VSO KAMUSI

annoy* bother* ponder* translate* chew* look for* solve* mention* want* required be* identify* realise* recognize* pronounce* pronounce* spread out* spank* announce* proclaim* precede* vomit* solve* untangle* administer* govern* rule* prepare* ready get* expect* depend (upon)* rely on* support* descend*

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With Thanks to

SESS/VSO KAMUSI

kushirikiana kushitaki kushona kushona kushoto kushtaki kushtuka kushuka, kutelemka kushukuru kusifu kusikia kusikia kusikia kiu kusikiliza kusikitika kusikitisha kusimama kusimama kusimama kusimamisha kusimamisha kusimulia kusindikiza kusitawi kusitawi kusogeza kusoma kusoma, kujifunza kusubiri kusubiria kusudi kusukuma kusukuma juu cooperate* accuse* sew* stitch* left prosecute* startle* come down* thank* praise* feel* hear* thirsty be * listen* regret* disappoint* halt* stand* stop* erect* stop bring someone (thing) to a * narrate* escort* flourish* thrive* shift* read* study* wait* wait for* intention push* boost*

40

kupiga pasi nguo kupiga picha kupiga picha kupiga randa kupiga shabaha kupiga simu kupiga simu kupiga sindano kupiga teke kupigana kupigia simu kupigia simu kupigia simu kupima kupima kupima kupima kupinda kupinda kupindua kupindua kupindua kupinduka kupinga kupinga kupinga kupingana kupita kupoa kupokea kupona kupona kuponya

SESS/VSO KAMUSI

iron* take a photograph* take a picture* plane* aim, to make a phone call* telephone* give an injection* kick* fight* make a phone call (to someone or somewhere)* phone (someone or someplace)* ring someone* examine* measure* test* weigh* bend* turn (car, bike) * invert* reverse* turn over* overturned* be object* obstruct* oppose* contradict* pass* (going or walking) get cool* receive* recover* well get* cure*

37

With Thanks to

With Thanks to

SESS/VSO KAMUSI

kupoteza kupoteza kupumzika kupungua kupunguza kupunguza kupunguza kupunguza mwendo kurarua kurefusha kurekebisha kurekebisha kuridhisha kuridi kurudi kurudi kurudia kurudisha kuruhusu kuruhusu kuruhusu kuruhusu kuruka kuruka kuruka kuruka kurusha kurushia kusababisha kusababisha kusafiri kusafisha kusafisha lose (something)* waste* rest* diminish* decrease* reduce* trim* decelerate* tear* prolong* adjust* regulate* convince* shrink (clothes)* come back* return* repeat* return something* allow* let* permit* permit* flight fly* jump* leap* throw* splash cause* cause* travel* clean* (something) refine*

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kusahau kusahihisha kusahihisha kusahihisha kusaidia kusaidia kusaidia kusalimia kusalimia kusamehe kusanya kusawazisha kusawazisha kusema kusema kusema kweli, waziwazi kushangaa kushangaza kushauri kushawishi kushika kushika kushika kushika kushika kushinda kushinda kushinda kushinda kushindana kushindana kushindwa kushindwa

SESS/VSO KAMUSI

forget* correct* correct* rectify* aid* assist* help* greet* greet* forgive* gather* equalize* level* say* speak* frank surprised be * cause surpries* advise* persuade* catch* (something thrown, drift of) grasp* hold* retain* take hold* conquer* outdo* surpass win* challenge compete* fail* (exam) fail* (to do something)

39

With Thanks to

With Thanks to

Information

kamusi s2e

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