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WEATHER FRONTS

Map Obtained from TWC

COLD FRONTS

We already have stated that a cold front is a boundary separating two air masses (a cold air mass and a warm air mass) The cold air is found behind the cold front and it advances towards the warm air

COLD FRONTS

Cold air undercuts warm air. Warm air is pushed upwards, thus clouds form and precipitation occurs.

This often happens ahead of cold fronts.

The greater the temp difference between cold and warm air the greater the upward motion ­ CUMULUS clouds

COLD FRONT

WARM, LIGHTER AIR

COLD, DENSER AIR SURFACE

COLD FRONTS

WEATHER FRONTS

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USA SLP Map Obtained from AMS Datastreme

WEATHER FRONTS

COLD

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COLD

WARM

USA Temp Map Obtained from AMS Datastreme

TYPES OF FRONTS

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USA SLP Map Obtained from AMS Datastreme

TYPES OF FRONTS

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COLD AIR

WARM AIR

USA Map Obtained from AMS Datastreme

TYPES OF FRONTS

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COLD FRONT COLD AIR MOVES TOWARDS WARM AIR

USA SLP Map Obtained from AMS Datastreme

COLD FRONTS

· But cold air is denser than warm air at equal pressure (at the surface of Earth) · So how exactly does cold air "move" towards warm air?

COLD FRONTS

COLD FRONTS

WARM FRONTS

· Warm air moves towards "retreating" cold air

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WARM AIR

WARM FRONTS

WARM FRONTS AND COLD FRONTS

· Warm air moves towards "retreating" cold air · Cold air moves towards warm air

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ALL TYPES OF FRONTS

All fronts occur at the boundaries of two (or more) air masses

FRONTS & EXTRA TROPICAL CYCLONES

· Fronts, low pressure, wind direction, temperature combined give you an idea of what an ETC is

COLD AIR

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WARM AIR

Animation courtesy of Dr. Joby Hilliker

EXTRA-TROPICAL CYCLONES

TRACKS OF WINTER ETCs

Alberta Clipper

Noreaster

EXTRA-TROPICAL CYCLONES

EXTRA-TROPICAL CYCLONES

Northeast winds over New England - Cold air - moisture from the Atlantic - SNOWFALL

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79 PRESIDENT'S DAY BLIZZARD

79 PRESIDENT'S DAY BLIZZARD

Southeast winds becoming Northeast over New England - Cold air - moisture from the Atlantic - SNOWFALL

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Storm Track

BLIZZARD OF 1978

BLIZZARD OF 1978

Northeast winds over New England - Cold air - moisture from the Atlantic - SNOWFALL

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MARCH 1993 SUPERSTORM

MARCH 1993 SUPERSTORM ­ STORM OF THE CENTURY

Storm Track

Heavy Snow - North Side of the storm track (~North winds ­ cold air ­ upwards motion) 17" record snowfall Birmingham AL 4" snowfall Atlanta GA 2ºF Birmingham AL

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Very strong cold front - Severe Thunderstorms formed ahead of it

MARCH 1993 SUPERSTORM ­ STORM OF THE CENTURY

Storm Track

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Storm tracked too close to RI resulting in many hours of south winds and lots of rainfall before the changeover to snow

NOT A RECORD STORM FOR RI!

THE PERFECT STORM

THE PERFECT STORM

Information

MeteoFronts

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