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Civil War Study Guide: 1 Missouri's application for statehood in 1819 raised the issue of whether slavery a. Was constitutional b. Should be allowed in the Louisiana Territory c. Could be abolished peacefully d. Should be banned in the nation's capital 2 The Missouri Compromise a. Upset the balance between slave and Free states in the senate b. Was met by loud, violent protests. c. Quieted the slavery debate for a while d. Led the south to secede from the union 3 How did the Second Great Awakening affect the slavery issue? a. It inspired many Americans to dedicate their lives to ending slavery b. It forced southerners to admit that owning slaves was a sin c. It upset the balance between slave and Free states in Congress d. It opened the question of whether slavery should spread westward 4 Which part of the Compromise of 1850 created the most controversy during the 1850s? a. The admission of California as a free state b. The organization of New Mexico and Utah as territories opens to slavery c. The ending of the slave trade in Washington, D.C. d. The passage of a strong fugitive slave law to return runaway slaves to their owners 5 Which of the following stated that slavery was not permitted in the Mexican Cession? a. Wilmot Proviso b. Compromise of 185 c. Fugitive Slave Act d. Kansas-Nebraska Act 6 The Kansas Nebraska Act a. Led to bloodshed over slavery in Kansas b. Settled the slavery issue in Nebraska c. Banned slavery in Kansas and Nebraska d. Was a successful compromise on slavery 7 The Pottawatomie Massacre a. Occurred in reaction to California's acceptance in the union b. Was led by northerners outraged at the injustice of the Fugitive Slave Act c. Avenged the attack on the town of Lawrence d. Refers to the night a senator was beaten with a cane in the Senate chamber 8 In the Dred Scott decison, the Supreme Court ruled that slavery a. Was a blot on our national character b. Could be allowed in the territories c. Violated the Fifth Amendment d. Should be ended by Congress 9 John Brown's raid on Harpers Ferry a. Triggered a widespread slave rebellion b. Was widely approved across the South c. Was condemned by Abraham Lincoln d. Made Brown a hero among abolitionists 10 John Brown's raid was a. A last resort after brown had tried many non violent means to end slavery b. Begun by the New England anti- slavery society c. Unsuccessful, as no slaves would join Brown for fear of punishment d. The first of many actions led by Brown 11 The Free Soil Party a. Nominated Zachary Taylor, one of the heroes of the Mexican War b. Championed popular sovereignty as part of their platform c. Refused to address the slavery issue d. Endorsed the Wilmot Proviso and chose Martin Van Buren as their candidate 12 Who set out to open Kansas and Nebraska to slavery in exchange for support of his railroad in Chicago?

a. b. c. d.

Stephen Douglas John Brown Charles Sumner Preston Brooks

13 During the Lincoln Douglass debates, a. Douglass threatened to dissolve the Union in a war between the north and the south b. Lincoln said that the Republicans believed that slavery was wrong c. Lincoln tried to keep focus on race, rather the extension of slavery d. Douglass insisted on social and political equality for African Americans 14 Which group recognized no political principles other than the constitution of the union of the states, and the enforcement of the laws? a. Republican Party b. Northern Democrats c. Constitutional Union Party d. Confederate States of America 15 Principle that would allow voters in a particular territory to decide whether they wanted to ban or permit slavery a. Voter's rights b. State's rights c. Territorial Sovereignty d. Popular Sovereignty 16 Act that divided the remainder of the Louisiana Purchase into two territories in which slavery issues would be determined by voters a. Kansas ­Nebraska Act b. Utah ­New Mexico Annexation c. Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo d. Louisiana Territory Acquisition 17 The Supreme Court ruling that denied that African Americans had rights as citizens a. Brown vs. Board of Education b. Plessy v. Fergusson c. Dred Scott vs. Sanford d. Monitor vs. Merrimack 18 Republican who wanted to prevent the spread of slavery a. Jefferson Davis b. Abraham Lincoln c. Stephen Douglas d. Daniel Webster 19 T/F: Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote the book Uncle Tom's Cabin which increased world wide support to end slavery 20 T/F: the Dred Scott decision declared that congress had no right to ban slavery in any federal territories. 21 T/F: In February of 1861, delegates from South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas met to form a new nation called the confederate states of America. 22 The election of 1860 showed how a. Deeply divided the nation was over slavery b. Popular Lincoln was in the North and in the South c. Little support abolitionists had in the North d. Eager Americans were to end the debate over slavery 23 Who was elected as president of the confederate states of America? a. John C. Breckinridge b. John Bell c. John J. Crittenden d. Jefferson Davis 24 The Confederate capital was located at a. Atlanta, Georgia b. Williamsburg, Virginia c. New Orleans, Louisiana d. Richmond, Virginia 25 What event turned the secession crisis into a civil war? a. The election of Lincoln as president b. John Brown's raid on Harpers Ferry

c. d.

South Carolina's shelling of Fort Sumter The attack of Preston Brooks on Charles Sumner

26 When the war began President Abraham Lincoln offered command of the Union forces to U.S. Army officer a. William Tecumseh Sherman b. George McClellan c. Robert E. Lee d. Ulysses S. Grant 27 When the civil war began, a. Both sides were prepared for a long and drawn out war b. the South's greatest strength was its military leadership c. Southerners believed that they could win by capturing Washington, D.C. d. Northerners were reluctant to volunteer for military service 28 Where did the first attack of the Civil War take place a. Manassas b. Bull Run c. Gettysburg d. Fort Sumter 29 Which side fired first which officially started the Civil War a. Union b. Confederacy 30 The first major clash of Union and Confederate armies took place in July of 1861 at a. Bull Run/ Manassas b. Antietam c. Shiloh d. Gettysburg 31 Hopes for both sides for a quick victory ended with the a. Battle between the Merrimac and the Monitor b. Battle of Gettysburg c. Battle of Bull Run d. Battle of Antietam 32 Which side of the Civil War had more factories? a. Union b. Confederacy 33 Which side of the Civil War had more railroad mileage? a. Union b. Confederacy 34 Which side of the Civil War had better trained soldiers and officers? a. Union b. Confederacy 35 Which side of the Civil War had a higher population? a. Union b. Confederacy 36 Earned the name "Stonewall Jackson" at the First Battle of Bull Run (a.k.a. Manassas) a. U.S. General Andrew Jackson b. Reverend Jessie Jackson c. Confederate General Thomas Jackson d. Michael Jackson 37 Nurse whose work led to the forming of the American Red Cross a. Dorothea Dix b. Elizabeth Cady Stanton c. Clara Barton d. Louisa May Alcott 38 Lincoln's "anaconda plan" for winning the war called for all of the following except a. A blockade of southern ports to cut off shipping b. Dividing the south into sections to weaken the Confederacy c. Capturing Richmond to destroy the Confederate government

d.

Assassinating Jefferson Davis to leave the Confederacy without a leader

39 Border states __________, Maryland, and Missouri were slave states that voted not to secede from the Union a. Pennsylvania b. Maine c. Tennessee d. Kentucky 40 Border states Kentucky, __________, and Missouri were slave states that voted not to secede from the Union a. Pennsylvania b. Maryland c. Maine d. Tennessee 41 Border states Kentucky, Maryland, and __________ were slave states that voted not to secede from the Union a. Missouri b. Pennsylvania c. Maine d. Tennessee 42 At first congress had allowed African Americans to enlist in the Union army as a. Nurses b. Laborers c. Cooks d. Soldiers 43 By suspending habeas corpus (letting the person being arrested know what crime they are being charged for) President Lincoln could silence war critics, called ___________________ a. Copperheads b. Gophers c. Rattlers d. King 44 Snake whose name was used for people/groups who opposed Lincoln and the war a. Copperhead b. Gopher c. Rattler d. King 45 True/False: Using the navy to block southern trade was a key strategy for the north 46 True/False: Using the navy to block northern trade was a key strategy for the south 47 Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation declared a. All slaves to be forever free b. Slaves in Union slave states to be free c. Slaves in Confederate states to be free d. Slaves in U.S. territories to be free 48 The Emancipation Proclamation a. Ended slavery in the United States b. Ended slavery in all slave states c. Set slaves in border states free d. Set slaves in rebelling states free 49 A nickname for escaped slaves who helped the Union effort, particularly as soldiers a. Fugitives b. Johnny-Reb c. Black Yankees d. Contraband 50 More than 3,000 women served the Union as ____________ a. Spies b. Cooks c. Soldiers d. Nurses 51 For most of the war African American Union soldiers a. received less pay than white soldiers

b. c. d.

competed for inclusion in the 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry served with distinction in the western theater of the war were allowed to participate in northern elections

52 In March of 1862 at Hampton Roads, Virginia the 2 ironclads Monitor and the __________________ fired at each other and neither won a. USS Arizona b. CSS Alabama c. CSS Merrimack d. USS Montauk 53 In March of 1862 at Hampton Roads, Virginia 2 ironclads the _____________ and the Merrimack fired at each other and neither won a. USS Arizona b. CSS Alabama c. CSS Manassas d. USS Monitor 54 What is the name of the first submarine that successfully sank a ship a. CSS Hunley b. USS Alligator 55 The Hunley was a ______________ submarine a. Union b. Confederate 56 True/False: The Hunley sank with it's crew shortly after sinking the USS Housatonic 57 Who won the March of 1862 naval battle at Hampton Roads, Virginia when the 2 ironclads, the Monitor and the Merrimack, fired at each other and _______________ won a. The Confederacy b. The Union c. Neither side 58 The battle of Gettysburg was a turning point in the war because a. It triggered a four day draft riot in New York City b. The outcome convinced European nations to help the Confederacy c. Southern troops reached their northernmost point in the union territory d. Lee lost so many troops that he would never again invade the North 59 With the fall of Vicksburg, union forces a. Gained control of the Mississippi river b. Proved the value of ironclad ships c. Showed that the black soldiers could fight d. Controlled all southern ports 60 General Tecumseh Sherman's march through Georgia was a. A defeat for both armies b. An example of total war c. The bloodiest battle in the war d. A turning point in the war 61 The 60-mile wide path of destruction between Atlanta and Savannah Georgia was led by a. Colonel Sherman Potter b. Major General William Tecumseh Sherman c. General-in-Chief Ulysses. S. Grant d. General Robert E. Lee 62 The 60-mile wide path of destruction between Atlanta and Savannah Georgia was called a. Trail of Total War b. Divide and Conquer c. Sherman's March to the Sea d. Battle of the Bulge 63 Targeting military as well as civilian economic resources to destroy an opponent's ability to fight is called a. Total War b. Trench Warfare c. Back-Stabbing d. Divide and Conquer 64 The terms of surrender General Grant offered to General Lee were designed too

a. b. c. d.

End the war without causing further suffering or hatred Convince northerners that the heavy costs of the war were justified Punish southerners who had fought the Confederacy Continue his policy of accepting nothing less than unconditional surrender

65 Confederate ___________________ surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia, ending the Civil War a. Major General George Mead b. General Robert E. Lee c. General Thomas Jackson d. Major General George McClellan 66 Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered to ___________________ at Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia, ending the Civil War a. Major General George Mead b. General Thomas Jackson c. General-in-Chief Ulysses S. Grant d. Major General George McClellan 67 Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant at _____________________, Virginia, ending the Civil War a. Manassas b. Courthouse at Appomattox c. Appomattox Courthouse d. Gettysburg 68 Term for formally withdrawing from the Union a. Secession b. Success c. Confederate States of America d. Succession 69 A devotion to the interests of one region rather than those of the entire country is known as a. Sectionalism b. popular sovereignty c. secession d. majority interest 70 What is the term used for the South's attempt to gain foreign support? a. Cotton diplomacy b. Trade embargo c. French alliances d. Bribing foreign nations 71 Why did Union leaders want control of the Mississippi river? a. To sail down it and attack the confederates b. To send messages home reporting their progress c. To cut the confederates off from supplies d. To access munitions being sent down the river 72 T/F: the 54th Massachutes infantry, a regiment consisting mainly of free African Americans, played a key role in the attack of Fort Wagoner 73 What is the name of the attempt by the Confederacy to attack and break the Union center at Gettysburg resulting in a loss of over 50% of the Confederate troops involved a. Bloody Run (a.k.a. Devils Den) b. Sickles Advance c. Reynolds' Drive d. Pickett's Charge 74 Judging from the following quotation, which statement best explains Abraham Lincoln's approach to the South at the end of the Civil War. "With malice toward none, with charity for all, with firmness in the right as God gives us to see the right, let us strive on to finish the work we are in." a. b. c. d. Southern states should be left alone to reconstruct themselves. The South should be severely punished for its part in the war. Southern states should be required to ratify the Fourteenth Amendment. The South should be treated with kindness and justice.

75 The process of reunited the nation and rebuilding the Southern states without slavery was called a. The compromise of 1877 b. Reconstruction c. Civil Rights d. General Amnesty

76 Federal Agency established to provide relief for all poor people, black and white a. Freedman's Bureau b. Redeemers c. Scalawags d. Republican Depots 78 Northern Republicans who moved to the South after the war were often called a. Scalawags b. Carpetbaggers c. Radical Republicans d. Sharecroppers 79 Who led the South under President Johnson's Reconstruction plan? a. Wealthy white planters b. Federal troops c. Carpetbaggers and scalawags d. Black Republicans 80 The Fourteenth Amendment guarantees to all Americans, regardless of race, a. Separate but equal public facilities b. The right to vote c. Equal protection of the laws d. 40 acres and a mule 81 Under Congressional Reconstitution, political power in the South shifted to a. White southern Democrats b. Former slaves and whites who had been loyal to the United States c. Former Confederate leaders d. The Ku Klux Klan 82 During southern Reconstruction, blacks and whites in the South a. Were guaranteed equal rights under the Constitution b. Were segregated in public places c. Had to pay for children's schooling d. Were taxed into poverty 83 The sharecropping system a. Allowed poor people to farm on land they could not afford to buy or rent b. Enabled small farmers to hire people to work on their land c. Left many who worked the land deep in debt d. All of the above e. None of the above 84 The Ku Klux Klan and similar terrorist groups were formed in the South to a. Clean up corruption and incompetence in government b. Protect white southerners from ruthless carpetbaggers and scalawags c. Return white Democrats to power in every southern state d. Protect the rights of black voters and officials 85 Which statement is not true of the Compromise of 1877? a. It began with a disputed election b. It sent more federal troops to the South c. It made Rutherford B. Hayes president d. It marked the end of Reconstitution 86 The purpose of the Jim Crow laws passed by southern Democrats was to a. Draw a line between blacks and whites in public life b. Make sure that blacks and whites had separate but equal facilities c. Keep unqualified African Americans d. Encourage African Americans to migrate out of the South

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