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El Paso

Underage Drinking Initiative

Curfew Ordinance

· Class C Offense for anyone under 17:

­ Curfew Violation

· Anyone under the age of 17 cannot be out in public or the premises of an establishment after 11:00 P.M. without:

­ Parental Permission ­ Going to and from work

· Punishment (first offense)

­ Up to $500 fine

Special Curfew Ordinance

· Class C Offense for anyone under 17 in Special Curfew Area:

­ Special Curfew Violation

· Anyone under the age of 17 cannot be out Special Areas between 7:00 P.M. and 6:00 A.M.

· Punishment (first offense)

­ Up to $500 fine

Texas Law for Minors

· Class C Offense for anyone under 21:

­ Possession, Consumption, Purchase, Attempt to Purchase, Misrepresentation of Age, and Public Intoxication

· Punishment (first offense)

­ Up to $500 fine ­ Mandatory Alcohol Awareness Class ­ 8 to 12 hours of community service ­ 30 Day Driver's License suspension or denial

Texas Law for Minors

· Punishment (second offense)

­ Up to $500 fine ­ Possible Alcohol Awareness Class ­ 20 to 40 hours of community service ­ 60 Day Driver's License suspension or denial

Texas Law for Minors

· Punishment (third offense ­ under 17)

· 180 Day Driver's License suspension or denial or; · Juvenile court ­ child in need of supervision or; · Criminal court ­ adjudicated as an adult

· Punishment (third offense ­ 17 or older)

­ Class B Misdemeanor

· · · · $250 - $2,000 fine Confinement in jail up to 180 days Possible Alcohol Awareness Class 180 Day Driver's License suspension or denial

Texas Law

· Zero Tolerance Policy in Texas

­ Any minor operating a vehicle cannot have any alcohol in their system ­ They do NOT have to meet the 0.08 BAC threshold ­ BAC level for Minors in Texas is 0.00

Zero Tolerance ­ 0.00

· Driving Under the Influence by a Minor (Alcohol Detectable ­ UNDER 0.08)

­ Punishment (First offense) ­ Class C Misdemeanor

· · · · · Up to $500 fine Mandatory Alcohol Awareness Class 20 to 40 hours of community service 60 Day Driver's License suspension or denial 30 Day Ineligibility for occupational license

Zero Tolerance ­ 0.00

· Driving Under the Influence by a Minor (Alcohol Detectable ­ UNDER 0.08)

­ Punishment (Second offense) ­ Class C Misdemeanor

· · · · · Up to $500 fine Mandatory Alcohol Awareness Class 40 to 60 hours of community service 120 Day Driver's License suspension or denial 90 Day Ineligibility for occupational license

Zero Tolerance ­ 0.00

· Driving Under the Influence by a Minor (Alcohol Detectable ­ UNDER 0.08)

­ Punishment (Third offense ­ Under 17)

· · · · 180 Day Driver's License suspension Ineligible for occupational license Juvenile court ­ delinquent conduct; or Adult criminal court

­ Punishment (Third offense ­ 17 or Older) Class B Misdemeanor

· · · · $500 - $2,000 fine Up to 180 days in jail 180 Day Driver's License suspension Ineligible for occupational license

Texas Law

· Alcohol Related Offenses

­ Sale of Alcohol to a Minor ­ Purchase/Furnishing Alcohol for a Minor (ie: hosting a backyard party)

· Class A Misdemeanor

­ $4,000 fine ­ and/or ­ 1 year in jail

Texas Law

· Possession of alcoholic beverage in motor vehicle

­ "Open Container" Law ­ Class C Misdemeanor

· Up to a $500 fine

Texas Law

· DWI (first offense)

­ Class B Misdemeanor

· Up to a $2,000 fine · 72 hours to 180 days in jail · Driver's License suspension 90 Days to 1 Year

· DWI w/ Open Container

­ Class B Misdemeanor

· Up to a $2,000 fine · 6 Days to 180 Days in jail · Driver's License suspension 90 Days to 1 Year

Texas Law

· DWI (second offense)

­ Class A Misdemeanor

· Up to a $4,000 fine · 30 Days to 1 year in jail · Driver's License suspension 6 Months to 2 Years

Texas Law

· DWI (third offense)

­ Third Degree Felony

· 2 to 10 years in penitentiary · Up to a $10,000 fine · Driver's License suspension 6 Months to 2 Years

Texas Law

· DWI - with a passenger under the age of 15 (first offense)

­ State Jail Felony

· Up to 2 years in state jail facility · and/or · Up to a $10,000 fine

Texas Law

· Intoxication Assault

­ Third Degree Felony

· 2 to 10 years in penitentiary · and/or · Up to a $10,000 fine

· Serious Bodily Injury ­ injury that creates a substantial risk of death or that causes serious permanent disfigurement or protracted loss or impairment of the function of any bodily member or organ

Texas Law

· Intoxication Manslaughter

­ Second Degree Felony

· 2 to 20 years in penitentiary · and/or · Up to a $10,000 fine

Why Focus on Underage Drinkers?

· Alcoholism

­ Excessive and repeated use of alcoholic beverages, usually considered to be compulsive and thus an addiction and a disease ­ Disruption of normal growth & sexual development, memory problems, changes in brain, and many illnesses.

Why Focus on Underage Drinkers?

· Teen Drinking is the number one source of adult alcoholism. · Youth who begin drinking before the age of 21 are more than twice as likely to develop alcohol-related problems.

Why Focus on Underage Drinkers?

· Youth who drink before age 15 are four times more likely to develop alcohol dependence than those who begin drinking at age 21 · Over 40% of youth who start drinking before the age of 13 will develop alcohol abuse or alcohol dependence at some point in their lives.

Why Focus on Underage Drinkers?

· Motor Vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death for youth from 15 to 20 years old · Young drivers are characteristically inexperienced and speed more often than adults ­ this is when sober.

Alcohol and Youth

· The interest of the alcohol industry ­ especially those who sell beer - in underage drinking is understandable, if appalling. Underage drinkers are a critical segment of the alcohol beverage market. Underage drinkers consume 19.7 percent of the alcohol ­ most often beer ­ sold in the country.

The Effects of Alcohol

The Effects of Alcohol

Amount of Alcohol

· 1 oz shot of liquor ­ 40% alcohol

­ .40 x 1 oz = ­ .12 x 4 oz = ­ .045 x 12 oz = ­ .05 x 12 oz = .40 oz pure alcohol .48 oz pure alcohol .54 oz pure alcohol .60 oz pure alcohol

· 4 oz wine ­ 12% alcohol · 12 oz beer ­ 4.5% alcohol · 12 oz wine cooler ­ 5% alcohol

The Effects of Alcohol

BAC [%] 0.02-0.03 0.05-0.06 0.08-0.09 0.14-0.15 0.20-0.30 0.40-0.50 Effects Mood elevation. Slight muscle relaxation. Relaxation and Warmth. Increased reaction time. Decreased fine muscle coordination. Impaired balance, speech, vision, hearing, muscle coordination. Euphoria. Gross impairment of physical and mental control. Severely intoxicated. Very little control of mind or body. Unconscious. Deep coma. Death from respiratory depression

Alcohol and Youth

·Underage Drinking Enforcement Statistics

1/1/06 to 4/24/07

· Possession of Alcohol By Minor: 756 Charged with this offense · Consumption of Alcohol by Minor: 611 · Alcohol Detectable ­ Under 21: 1554 · Possession of Alcohol in School Grounds: 2 · 2006 Curfew Violations: 1289

Alcohol and Youth

·Enforcement Statistics 1/1/06 to 12/31/06

· Reported Cases to Police On Providing Alcohol to a Minor: 35 · Possession of Alcohol By Minor: 756 Citations issued · Consumption of Alcohol by Minor: 611 · Alcohol Detectable ­ Under 21: 1554

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