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CONCEPTS AND PRINCIPLES ­ Better body care through shared expertise



William Gardner Sutherland is largely credited as defining the craniosacral landscape. The classic work Osteopathy in the Cranial Field (written by Harold Ives Magoun, DO under the auspices of Sutherland's teaching foundation) was the first comprehensive text of craniosacral anatomy, physiology, diagnosis and treatment. As Cranial Osteopathy, craniosacral technique was mostly focused the movement of bones. Sutherland's direction was visionary and most of the concepts on anatomy and physiology as well as treatment techniques are still used today. It has developed into a comprehensive technique that is widely used in holistic treatment. In the 60s, George Goodheart, DC developed Applied Kinesiology, which encompassed many aspects of heath care, but took craniosacral technique forward in assessment and treatment. His work expands treatment of sutures, neurovascular points, neurolymphatic points, meridians, and complex relationships throughout the somatic system. He broke new ground with neurological testing, muscle testing, therapy localization and challenge. In the same decade, D.B. DeJarnette, DO developed S.O.T. Craniopathy, which most notably added focus on the pelvic end of the craniosacral system. In 1983, John Upledger, DO published CranioSacral Therapy®, which defined a soft tissue approach to treatment of the craniosacral system. It focused on fluid flow, membranes, energetic elements and emotional release. It greatly popularized craniosacral concepts by offering a treatment approach that was accessible to a wider range of practitioners. Many practitioners have developed variations of Upledger's approach. Most of them combine Upledger's concepts with another modality, like myofascial release, Polarity® or Structural Integration®. In the early 90s, G. Dallas Hancock, DC, LMT developed CranioStructural Techniquessm and CranioStructural Integrationsm. His work took another huge leap forward in several areas. First, he focused on CranioStructural techniques that were more active and direct in their evaluation and treatment. Secondly, he defined clearer relationships between the craniosacral system and the somatic system. Furthermore, he developed a method of releasing structural restrictions in the somatic system through techniques focusing on the craniosacral system. These releases seem to be more permanent in nature and dramatically change the body's tendency to re-establish the associated dysfunctional patterns. This was unprecedented. Most of the ideas here were pioneered by these icons or practitioners working under their guidance. This history is brief and many significant contributors are not mentioned here. As practitioners have split off from their respective pioneers, they have refined or modified concepts that include other elements such as nutrition, strain-counter strain, myofascial release, emotional release and more.


Integrative Craniosacral is a soft tissue approach that builds on the concepts of these pioneers. It takes the therapy approach further to explore the possibilities of creating an integrative system by recognizing and addressing the governing components of systemic patterns.

Tony Preston, Inc 2010 ­ All rights reserved ­ Do not reproduce without permission - Page 1 of 1


Microsoft Word - brief craniosacral history

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Microsoft Word - brief craniosacral history