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OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & SAFETY (OHS) RISK ASSESSMENT & SAFE WORK METHOD STATEMENT GUIDELINE

Date : 12 July 2002

1.0 Hazard Identification & Risk Assessment Procedure: Occupational Health and Safety Legislation requires anyone in control of the workplace to identify the potential hazards of the proposed work, assess the risks involved and develop controls to eliminate or minimise the risk. Identify Hazards: To help identify all potential hazards the job to be undertaken needs be broken down into activities which follow the proposed sequence of work. These activities must be detailed in a OHS Risk Assessment, which is a list of major work activities and the potential hazards associated with those activities. To assist this process resources such as the following may be used: · WorkCover and trade based Codes of Practice and other publications, eg : safety alerts; · Workcover websites; · Hazard Profiles for specific trade groups; · Workplace experience; and · Consultation with workers experienced in the task to be undertaken. Assess Risks: For each potential workplace hazard identified a Risk Class must be determined by referring to the categories below. The attached Risk Management Chart shall be used to determine the requirement for management of the risks identified. Class 1: (High Risk): Does the hazard have the potential to kill, or permanently disable you? Class 2: (Medium Risk): Does the hazard have the potential to cause a serious injury, or illness, which will temporarily disable you? Class 3: (Low Risk): Does the hazard have the potential to cause a minor injury which would not disable you? Examples of high risk activities*: · work in or around electrical installations; · work in or around gas installations; · work at a height above 3 metres; · work involving structural alteration requiring temporary support; · work in tunnels / confined spaces;

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OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & SAFETY (OHS) RISK ASSESSMENT & SAFE WORK METHOD STATEMENT GUIDELINE

Date : 12 July 2002

·

demolition work, asbestos removal work;

· · · ·

work near traffic or mobile plant; work involving excavation to a depth greater than 1.5 metres; work over or adjacent to water where there is a risk of drowning; work involving the use of explosives

* Reference : New South Wales Occupational Health & Safety Regulation 2001. Selection and Use: · Where identified, all class 1 and 2 risks must be recorded on a detailed Safe Work Method Statement (SWMS). Class 3 risks will be minimised as far as possible but will not be recorded on a SWMS. · A Risk Class will be used to determine the level of Controls required to eliminate, or minimize a potential hazard. · The higher the Risk Class the more extensive the controls to be provided.

This information is a summary only, to be used as a general guide to outlining the key requirements of the NSW Occupational Health & Safety (OHS) Regulation 2001 relating to hazard identification and risk assessment. It is not a substitute for a reading of the Regulation or for obtaining legal advice. This information is current as at July 2002 and is subject to change as legislation is amended and/or repealed. Lend Lease does not accept liability for any loss or damage caused as a result of reliance upon it.

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This is an example of a risk assessment form which is provided as a general guide only. This draft form must be modified to suit the specific needs of individual workplaces.

OHS Risk Assessment

Centre : Bankstown Square

Major Work Activity

Company Name : Bright Spark Electrical

Potential Hazards Identified for the Activity Activity Risk Score

Date : 1 July 2002

SWMS Reference No. & Date Produced

Safe Work Method Statement required? Required for any activity that is a Class 1 or 2 Risk

Yes

Installation of Downlights

Electrocution Fall from height Materials falling onto persons below

Class 1 Class 1 Class 1

BSQ 01 ­ 1 July 2002 BSQ01 ­ 1 July 2002 BSQ01 ­ 1 July 2002

Yes Yes

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2.0 Safe Work Method Statement Procedure: Preparation of a Safe work Method Statement (SWMS) is the process of identifying potential hazards, assessing their risk and recording how to eliminate or minimize the risk to worker safety (controls). Where potential hazards are identified as Class 1 or Class 2 risks, a SWMS must be completed using the step by step guide on the next page. A generic (not specific to any centre) SWMS may be used as a starting point for the preparation of a centre/job specific SWMS. Prior to commencement of work the generic SWMS must be reviewed and where necessary amended to reflect the way the specific job will actually be done at the specific centre and how safety will be controlled, a centre / job specific SWMS. The SWMS and OHS Risk Assessment provides a record to demonstrate compliance to Occupational Health and Safety Legislation. The person responsible for implementing a particular action to eliminate, or minimise, the risk of the potential hazard at the centre must be nominated on the SWMS. This will ensure responsibility for risk control is allocated and can be followed up. Evaluation of the SWMS : The SWMS will be evaluated on how well Class 1 and Class 2 hazards have been identified for the work activity to be undertaken and whether the suggested controls, wherever possible, eliminate the potential hazard or minimise the risk of injury. Controls should be as high as practical in the "Best to Worst" guide shown below.

Best Control

Worst Control

1. Remove the hazard completely · eg : remove risk of electrocution by using compressed air driven tools. 2. Separate people from the hazard · eg : guards on power tools, · eg : use effective barriers and edge protection, · eg : enclose noisy machinery. 3. Use an engineered control · eg : use Earth leakage device (safety switch) on electrical power source. · eg : use a machine to lift heavy objects. · eg : use scaffolding rather than ladders to reduce risk of falls. 4. Change work practices · eg :training in lifting techniques. · eg : tagging procedures. 5. Provide personal protection (PPE) · eg : hearing protection, eye protection etc. NOTE: PPE should be the last barrier to protect people when all else fails.

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Safe Work Method Statement (SWMS) Step by Step Preparation : Does the SWMS provide: 1. The name of the company? 2. A description of the work activity or task to be undertaken? 3. A reference no.? 4. The date the SWMS was developed. 5. The name and signature of the person who developed the SWMS? 6. The centre name and the name of the Principal Contractor. 7. The job steps involved in doing the work? 8. Potential hazards associated with the work and its job steps which are Class 1 and Class 2 risks? 9. The controls that will be put in place to eliminate or minimise the potential hazards identified? 10. Controls as high as practicable on the "best" to "worst" control guide. 11. The name of the person/s responsible for ensuring that the control/s is in place?

Selection and Use: · The SWMS must be completed and signed by an appropriately qualified person/s representing the company performing the work who is competent in the work activity to be undertaken. · The SWMS must be reviewed and signed by the appropriate Principal Contractor representative at the centre. · Employees who will be performing the work must review the SWMS and sign that they understand and are willing to implement the controls required to carry out the work safely. · Work must not proceed until the above three criteria are achieved.

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Safe Work Method Statement

This is an example of a risk assessment form which is provided as a general guide only. This draft form must be modified to suit the specific needs of individual workplaces.

Company Name: Bright Spark Electrical Work Activity/Task: Installation of Downlights Reference No. : BSQ01 Date: 1 July 2002 Prepared by: B. Sparks (Supervisor) Signature: Item Job Step Break the job down into steps.

Pre-planning

Centre Name: Bankstown Square Principal Contractor: Bright Spark Electrical Notes :

Potential Hazard What can harm you?

Engaging a contractor with inadequate qualifications and/or experience. Falling from ladder. Contact with existing services. Using electrical tools. Materials falling onto persons below

Controls What you are going to do to make the job as safe as possible.

· · · · · · Licensed electrical contractor. Contractor experienced in type of work. Ensure all work is performed from a step ladder allowing work to be performed from the step no higher than 1m from the top. Ensure no over reaching while working from the ladder and three points of contact to be maintained on the stepladder. The step ladder to be suitable and safe. All existing services to be identified to ensure services are not contacted (if they need to be moved or de-energised this SWMS should be reviewed). All portable electrical tools and leads to be maintained , inspected and tagged and protected by ELCB. Erect barriers and signage preventing persons entering work area.

Person Who Will Ensure this Happens.

Property Manager

1.

2.

Cut out holes in ceiling, installation of down lights and cable to Distribution Board (DB).

B. Sparks

· ·

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Safe Work Method Statement

Item Job Step Break the job down into steps.

Installation of cabling to DB.

Potential Hazard What can harm you?

Contact with live electrical wiring. Working on live circuits.

Controls What you are going to do to make the job as safe as possible.

· · · · Ensure DB is isolated prior to opening.Electrician to tag and lock Main Switchboard. Cabling to be installed ensuring other wiring and circuits are not damaged. Test circuits and wiring, remove tags, locks and re-energised. Lock Main Switchboard and DB.

Person Who Will Ensure this Happens.

B.Sparks

3.

Reviewed by : Principal Contractor Representative - Name Position Signature Date

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OHS Risk Assessment

Centre :

Major Work Activity

Company Name :

Potential Hazards Identified for the Activity Activity Risk Score

Date :

Safe Work Method Statement required? Required for any activity that is a Class 1 or 2 Risk SWMS Reference No. & Date Produced

Yes / No

Yes / No

Yes / No

Yes / No

Yes / No

Yes / No

Yes / No

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Safe Work Method Statement

Company Name: Work Activity/Task: Reference No. : Date: Prepared by: Signature: Item Job Step Break the job down into steps. Potential Hazard What can harm you? Project Name/No: Principal Contractor: Notes :

Controls What you are going to do to make the job as safe as possible.

Person Who Will Ensure this Happens.

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Safe Work Method Statement

Item Job Step Break the job down into steps. Potential Hazard What can harm you? Controls What you are going to do to make the job as safe as possible. Person Who Will Ensure this Happens.

Reviewed by : Principal Contractor Representative - Name

A.11.01 OHS Risk Assessment Safe Work Method Statement Guidline 020714 V5.0 pn.doc

Position

Signature

Date

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Safe Work Method Statement

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Information

1

11 pages

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