Read Terahertz-brochure.pdf text version

A Thintri

MARKET STUDY 2010

Thintri,Inc.announcestherelease ofthe2010editionofTerahertz Systems: Technology and Emerging Markets,anupdatedstudythat exploresthecurrentstateof terahertztechnologyandmarket opportunitiesforsystemsoperating intheterahertzrange.Thisin-depth investigationdiscussesterahertz technologiesalreadycreating markets,emergingtechnologies thataresettocreatenewmarket opportunities,thetechnicalhurdles thatmustbeovercomeforwider commercialacceptanceofterahertzsystems,andoverallmarket development.Thereportsurveys today'sterahertztechnology, separateshypeandskepticismfrom realityandassessestheapplicationswhereterahertztechnologywill openupsignificantnewmarkets, andthosewhereitwon't,including bracketedfive-andten-yearmarket forecasts.

Terahertz Systems:

Technology & Emerging Markets

Contents

Terahertz Technology Overview

· · · · TerahertzBasics HealthandSafetyIssues Imaging Spectroscopy

Terahertz Systems

· Hardwareconsiderations · CWvs.pulsedsystems · Guidedwavedevices, endoscopes · Cameras · Standardsandknowledgebaseissues

Markets

· Today'sterahertz markets · Emergingapplications o Medicineand Biological o CivilianSecurity o Defense o Manufacturing o Wireless communications o Research,environmentalandspacescience · Marketfeasibilityand requirements · Thenext5-10years

Sources

· ElectronicandElectromagneticsources,free electronlasers · Opticalgenerationand laser-drivensources · Quantumcascadelasers

The Industry Today

· Commercialhypevs. buildingmarkets · Deploymentissues · Funding · Industryandgovernment participation

Thintri Inc.

ThintriInc.providesbusinessand marketintelligenceforawiderangeof technologiesthroughcustomconsulting,technologyassessments,and publishedmarketstudies. w Semiconductors w Electronics w Photonics w Telecommunications w Materialsengineering

Detectors

· · · · · · Bolometers Heterodynedetectors Pyroelectricdetectors Focalplanearrays Plasmondetectors Emergingdetector technologies

The Terahertz Band

Business Intelligence · Technology Assessment

Thintri Inc

www.thintri.com

Background on Terahertz Systems & Their Markets

Terahertzradiation,whichcanpenetrateto somedegreemostmaterials,haslongbeen establishedasaresearchtool,e.g.,helping astronomersdetectantimatterinspace.The transparencyofmostmaterialstoterahertz waveshasmadeitdifficulttoworkwith, andconfinedapplicationstothosewhere usersaretolerantof,forexample,havingto detectverylowpowerlevelsofradiation, ortheneedtocoolsystemstoliquidhelium temperatures. Now,ongoingdevelopmentsintechnologiesassociatedwithterahertzradiation havebroughtaboutthepossibilityof openingupanextraordinaryrangeofnew marketsinthisdecade. Thetremendousversatilityofterahertz technologyallowsittobeusedinboth imagingandspectroscopicmodalities,or bothatonce.Thus,aterahertzsystemcould notonlyidentifyaconcealedweaponon anairlinepassenger,itcouldalsoidentify amaterialcarriedbythatsamepassenger anddistinguishbetweenanexplosiveanda harmlesscosmetic. Justafewoftheapplicationsthatareenvisionedinthisonetechnologyarena: · Airportscreeningofpassengersfor weapons,explosives,drugsorother contraband Securewirelesscommunications Cancerdetection,woundinspection andothermedicalimaging BiochipanalysisofDNA,proteinsand otherbiologicalmaterials Detectionofchemicalandbiological warfareagents Detectionoflandminesandburied explosivedevices Monitoringmanufacturingprocesses Measuringthewatercontentoffoodto detectspoilage Inspectingfinishedproductsthrough packaging Determiningthethicknessofalayerof paintwhileitisstillwet Qualitycontrolofinsulatedwiresduring manufacture Inspectingsemiconductorwafersfor defects Inspecting(andreading)unopened mail

cantmarketscouldemerge.Sourceswere weak,detectorswereinsensitiveandmany neededcryogeniccooling,andsystems werebulky,notrobustandmostimportantly, veryexpensive.Anysignificantpenetration ofcommercialmarketsrestedonaseries ofsignificanttechnologicaldevelopments whichatthetimewereuncertain. Since2007,thesituationhaschangeddramatically.Robust,relativelyinexpensiveand evenportableterahertzsystemsareavailablecommercially,suitableforanumber ofthehighprofileapplicationsdiscussed inthereport.Industryplayersarepreparingtoenterastonishinglyvariedmarkets, fromsecuritytomedicinetomanufacturing processcontroltowirelesscommunications andothers.Earlystageterahertzcameras havealsobeendeveloped,overcominga significanthurdleonthewaytocommercial terahertzimagingsystems. However,thedevelopmentandusercommunitieshavebecomemuchmorepolarizedsince2007.Someusers,havinginvested perhapstooearlyinthetechnology,grew frustratedwiththeexpenseandlimited capabilitiesofthetechnologyofthetime. Evensomeparticipantsinterahertztechnologyhavewithdrawnatleastpartially, discouragedbyperceivedlackofmarket readinessandlackofcustomerinterest.On theotherside,developershavecomeup withcomponentsandsystemsthathave overcomesignificanttechnicalhurdles. Whiletechnologydevelopmentremainsan ongoingneed,commerciallyavailablesystemsareavailabletoaddresssomeofthe mostpromising,highprofilemarkets. Terahertztechnologyispoisedtomove intosubstantialmarketsinthenextfew years.Already,commercialsystemsare inuseforsecurityscreening,toinspect pharmaceuticalandotherproductsfor defectswhilealreadypackaged,tomonitormanufacturingprocessesortocheck materials(liketheinsulatingfoamonthe SpaceShuttle)forflaws.Clinicaltrialsfor detectionofcancerwithterahertztechnologyareunderway.Commerciallyavailable terahertzsystemsareavailablethatareso portableandrobust,theycanbedelivered bymail.Terahertzspectrometerscandetect materialsofinterestinpartspertrillionlevels. Potentialcustomersarebecomingincreasinglyawareofthepromiseofterahertz technologyandplayersinfoodprocessing, pharmaceuticalsandmanufacturingare makinginquiriesandconductingtrialsand evaluationsofthesystems. Marketopportunitieswithinthedecadeare promising.Anumberofmarketswithinmedi-

cine,securityandmanufacturingarelikely toreachthetensorhundredsofmillionsof dollarsperyearby2020,leadingtooverall marketspossiblyinthebillions. TheThintrimarketstudy,TerahertzSystems: TechnologyandEmergingMarkets,relieson extensive,in-depthinterviewswithindustry executives,marketdevelopmentmanagers andgovernmentandacademicresearchers.Thereportprovidesasurveyofthecurrentstateoftheartinterahertztechnology, anassessmentofpotentialapplications intermsoftheirviabilityandrequirements intechnologydevelopment,discussion ofmarketdevelopmentandbracketed forecastsforindividualmarketsin2015and 2020.

Understand the Markets

Howmanyoftheseapplicationswillactuallyleadtogrowthmarketsisuncertain; chancesare,notallwill.However,given theextraordinarybreadthandpotential volumesofthesemarkets,andtheunique abilityofterahertztechnologytoaddress fundamentalissuesinthesemarkets,aconservativebetisthatatleastseveralofthese marketswilltakeoff.Thequestionis,which ones?Ultimatelytheanswerwilldependon acombinationoffactorsthatincludeapplicationandmarketdevelopment,customer awarenessandeducation,andevolution oftechnology.Whatisclearisthattheterahertzindustryasawholeisonthevergeof significantgrowth.Thismarketstudyreflects theinputofanumberofindustryexperts onthemostlikelycourseofdevelopment interahertzsystemsandtheconsequentviabilityofindividualemergingmarkets.

· · · · · · · · · · · ·

Price: $3,900 Contact: J.ScottMoore,Ph.D.,President

Thintri,Inc. MountKisco,NY Phone:914/242-4615 Fax:914/666-4114 E-mail:[email protected] Web:www.thintri.com

Whenthefirstversionofthisstudywaspublishedin2007,theindustryfaceddaunting challengesintechnologydevelopment thathadtobeaddressedbeforesignifi-

Report Contents

Executive Summary ........................................................1 Part 1:Terahertz Overview ........................................................5 1.1 Introduction ........................................................5 . 1.2 Health&SafetyIssues...................................................8 . 1.3 Imaging ......................................................10 . 1.4 Spectroscopy ......................................................13 . 1.5 Imagingvs.Spectroscopy..........................................16 Part 2: Sources ......................................................17 2.1 Introduction ......................................................17 . 2.2 ElectronicDevices ......................................................17 . 2.3 FreeElectronLasers&RelatedSource Technologies ......................................................18 . 2.4 SolidStateLasersandLaser-DrivenSources.............20 2.5 LaserDiodeSources....................................................21 2.5.1Photomixing ......................................................21 . 2.5.2 QuantumCascadeLasers.................................21 Part 3: Detectors ......................................................25 3.1 Introduction ......................................................25 . 3.2 Today'sDetectors ......................................................25 . 3.2.1 Bolometers ......................................................25 . 3.2.2 HeterodyneDetectors.......................................26 3.2.3PyroelectricDetectors.......................................26 . 3.2.4 PhotoconductiveAntennas..............................27 3.3 PerformanceIssues......................................................27 3.3.1FrequencyResponse.........................................27 3.3.2 TemperatureDependence...............................28 3.4 FocalPlaneArrays ......................................................28 . 3.5 EmergingAlternatives.................................................29 3.5.1 SingleChipDetectors........................................30 . 3.5.2 FrequencySamplingorElectro-Optic Rectification ......................................................30 . 3.5.3PlasmonDetectors.............................................31 . 3.6 Detectors:TheFuture..................................................32 Part 4: Systems and Deployment Issues ....................................36 4.1 Introduction ......................................................36 . 4.2 HardwareConsiderationsinSystems.........................36 4.2.1 Cameras ......................................................36 . 4.2.2 CWversusTimeDomain....................................37 4.2.3 GuidedWaveDevices ......................................39 . 4.2.4 ExceedingtheDiffractionLimitonResolution 40 . 4.2.5 ElectronicsandSolidState................................41 4.3 StandardsandKnowledgeBaseIssues ....................42 . 4.3.1 Metrology ......................................................42 . 4.3.2CatalogingofTerahertzMaterialResponses..43 Part 5: The Industry Landscape ..................................................44 5.1 Introduction ......................................................44 . 5.2 LimitationsofTerahertz,CommercialHype andBuildingMarkets...................................................44 5.3 IssuesofCost,BulkandEaseofUse..........................47 . 5.4 FundingofTerahertzTechnology,Application andProductDevelopment........................................48 5.5 IndustryParticipation ..................................................49 . 5.6 InfluentialGovernmentOrganizations&Consortia. 50 Part 6: Markets & Applications ...................................................53 6.1 Introduction ......................................................53 . 6.2 Today'sTerahertzMarkets..........................................53 6.3 Medicine ......................................................54 . 6.3.1 BasicIssuesinMedicalTerahertzApplications .5 . 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9 6.3.2CancerDetection..............................................57 6.3.3 Dentistry ......................................................59 . 6.3.4 BiochipsandBiosensors.....................................59 6.3.5 ObstaclestoMedicalMarketBuilding.............63 6.3.6 MarketsforMedicalTerahertzSystems............63 6.4 Security ......................................................65 . 6.4.1 Introduction ......................................................65 . 6.4.2 Security-Civilian ................................................66 . 6.4.2.1CivilianSecurityToday............................66 6.4.2.2CargoScreening.....................................67 6.4.2.3CompetingTechnologies.......................67 6.4.2.4TechnicalIssues .......................................68 . 6.4.2.4.1 FrequencyBandIssues...............68 6.4.2.4.2 StandoffIssues.............................69 6.4.2.4.3 ReliabilityIssues............................71 6.4.2.5MailandPackageInspection ...............71 . 6.4.2.6NeedsinCivilianTerahertz SecuritySystems ..................................72 . 6.4.2.7Multi-modalApproaches........................73 6.4.3 Security-Defense...............................................73 6.4.3.1MilitarySpectrometers.............................73 6.4.3.2StandoffIssues..................................................74 6.4.4 ChemicalandBiologicalAgentDetection ............74 . 6.4.4.1ChemicalAgentDetection ...........................75 . 6.4.4.2BiologicalAgentDetection............................75 6.4.5 MarketsforTerahertzSecuritySystems.....................76 Table6-2MarketsforTerahertzSecuritySystems.............77 ProcessControl,ProductInspectionand MaterialEvaluation ......................................................77 . 6.5.1Introduction ......................................................77 . 6.5.2 PharmaceuticalInspection...............................78 6.5.3 GeneralProductInspection..............................80 6.5.4 MaterialsEvaluation,Semiconductor Fabrication ......................................................81 . 6.5.4.1GeneralMaterialsEvaluation ................81 . 6.5.4.2NASA ......................................................82 . 6.5.4.3SemiconductorWafer& CircuitInspection.................................................82 6.5.4.3.1 WaferInspection.........................83 6.5.4.3.2 CircuitInspection........................86 6.5.5 MarketsinProcessControl,Product InspectionandMaterialsEvaluation.........................86 WirelessCommunications...................................................88 6.6.1 Introduction ......................................................88 . 6.6.2 TechnicalIssues ......................................................89 . 6.6.3 PotentiallyViableWirelessTerahertzOpportunities90 6.6.4 TheOutlookforTerahertzWirelessMarkets .............91 . 6.6.5 MarketsforTerahertzWirelessCommunications Systems ......................................................92 . Research,EnvironmentalandSpaceScience.................93 6.7.1 GrowthoftheResearchMarket...............................93 6.7.2 MarketsinResearch,Environmentaland SpaceScienceApplications......................................93 MarketFeasibilityandRequiredDevelopments..............94 TheNext5-10Years ......................................................95 . 6.9.1 HardwareDevelopment ...........................................96 . 6.9.2 OverallMarketForecasts...........................................96

Information

3 pages

Find more like this

Report File (DMCA)

Our content is added by our users. We aim to remove reported files within 1 working day. Please use this link to notify us:

Report this file as copyright or inappropriate

300200