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Philosophy

1024 Introduction to Philosophy An introduction to the methods and viewpoints of philosophy and their applications to the basic questions of life. This course or one of the courses in the history of philosophy (2024, 2034) will serve as a prerequisite to advanced courses requiring one philosophy course. Also listed as Education 1024. May be used to satisfy a distribution requirement in humanities. Not open to seniors. 1154 Practical Logic A general course on the methods of logical/critical thinking: principles of reasoning, argument forms, logical models, dialectical techniques, the use of modern symbolic notation, fallacies, and illustrations in applied logic. 2004 Feminist Philosophies Covering authors from the 1700s through the present, this course will present a survey, exploration, and critical assessment of the varieties of philosophical thought orbiting around what have been known as the "woman question" and "feminism." Topics may include educational reform, suffrage, equal rights, psychoanalysis, socialism, radical feminism, postmodernism, and feminist critiques of popular culture. 2024 History of Ancient Philosophy The dawn of philosophy in ancient Greece: the early natural philosophers, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, and the Hellenistic world views; the relationship of philosophy to art and science; and the meanings of Greek philosophical experience for modern times. Standard or CR/NC grading. 2034 History of Modern Philosophy A study of seventeenth- and eighteenth-century philosophers, including the Rationalists, Empiricists, and Kant. Standard or CR/NC grading. 2084 Environmental Philosophy A philosophical investigation of conceptions of our relations and responsibilities to the environment. Issues to be explored include animal rights, the preservation of biological diversity, and population control. IV 2104 Ethics and Social Philosophy A philosophical exploration of morality and value, with attention to practical as well as theoretical issues. Theoretical topics will include good and evil, rights and duties, and justice. Examples of practical issues that may be covered: economic justice, sexism and racism, law and punishment, abortion, and animal rights. Consideration is given to the modes of reasoning that are appropriate in moral life, including argumentation and thought experiments. IV 2154 Symbolic Logic This course will introduce students to the methods of modern formal logic whereby ordinary language arguments are expressed in symbolic form and then analyzed. The course will focus mainly on propositional and predicate logic but may also include a brief introduction to set theory, alternative systems of logic, and issues in the philosophy of logic. 2164 Bioethics Study of the value conflicts that arise from developments in biology and medicine. Issues include abortion, euthanasia, medical experimentation, reproductive technologies, and the allocation of scarce medical resources. IV

2294 Special Topics Exploration of a theme, author, or philosophical movement that may be of special interest but is not fully treated in other courses in the program. Usually offered in May term, with topics announced in advance. Class may be repeated for credit if topic is different. Standard or CR/NC grading. 2304 Major Thinkers Exploration of a major philosopher or thinker crucial to the development of philosophy, who may be of special interest to students from varied disciplinary backgrounds, but who is not fully treated in other courses in the program. Special emphasis is placed upon the intensive, historically sensitive, reading of the thinker's works in order to understand in detail the interconnections among the various aspects of the thinker's investigations. IV 2404 Origins of Philosophy: China and Greece Between the sixth and third centuries b.c.e., texts begin to appear in both China and Greece which critically and self-consciously examine the concepts of nature, personhood, society, and transcendence theretofore developed by the two respective cultures; philosophers of both traditions have claimed such texts to be the origins of their discipline. This course, through close readings of Confucius, the Chuang-tzu, Plato, and Aristotle, compares and contrasts these two philosophical styles with the aim of understanding and of critiquing both traditions in terms of the other. Special emphasis will be put on viewing the texts in terms of the distinctive historical and material conditions out of which they arose. 3024 Philosophy of Science The logical basis of scientific methodology, the epistemological presuppositions of the sciences, and their cosmological implications. Discussion of mediating concepts for bridging the sciences/humanities gap. The problem of science and values. Prerequisite: Philosophy 1154 or 2154 or permission of instructor. 3054 Philosophy of Religion A discussion and lecture course dealing with the intellectual problems of religion (such as those of God, freedom, faith, immortality, evil, and religious knowledge). Time is also given to a study of the various schools of religious philosophy. Also listed as Religion 3054. IV W 3094 Special Readings in Philosophy Writing of a philosophical essay based on readings on an approved topic with a given bibliography and tutorial conferences. Prerequisites: One philosophy course and permission of instructor. 3144 Existentialism An exploration of the nature and meaning of existentialism as it has developed in philosophy and theology and in their interactions. Also listed as Religion 3144. IV W 3404 Epistemology An examination of traditional questions of knowledge, truth, and meaning especially as they are challenged by versions of skepticism and relativism. Special attention will be given to recent controversies, such as the realism-antirealism debate in philosophy of science, feminist critiques of rationality, and the plausibility of "naturalized'' epistemology. Prerequisite: Philosophy 2024 or 2034. IV W 3414 Ethical Theory An examination of several responses to the questions "How should I act?" and "What sort of person should I be?" The course will consider classical ethical theories, including those of Aristotle, Mill, and Kant, as well as recent challenges from virtue theory and feminist ethics. Prerequisite: Philosophy 2024 or 2034. IV W

3424 Metaphysics Personal identity, causation, mind and body, numbers, free will--all of these and more are subjects which are studied in metaphysics. In this course, students will conduct philosophical inquiries concerning a selection of these topics and will learn why the study of metaphysics is important not only to philosophy but also to a great many other disciplines (e.g., physics, psychology, and mathematics). Prerequisite: Philosophy 2024 or 2034. IV W 4004 Recent Analytic Philosophy Recent analytic philosophy is characterized by a concern with issues of philosophical methodology and meaning in language. This course will survey the development of twentiethcentury analytic philosophy from the foundational work of Frege and Peirce to the more recent views of G. E. Moore, Russell, Wittgenstein, Quine, and/or others. Prerequisite: Philosophy 1154 or 2154 or permission of instructor. 4014 Recent Continental Philosophy A study of philosophical developments on the Continent since the turn of the century. Beginning with short selections from Hegel, Saussure, Freud, and Marx, the course will focus mainly on the work of Nietzsche and Heidegger, with some attention given to the appropriation of their thinking by Derrida, Foucault, Kristeva, Irigaray, and Habermas. Prerequisite: Philosophy 2024 or 2034. 4204 Internship in Philosophy The practical application of philosophy skills in education, law, medicine, or other areas. Students choose an appropriate organization in consultation with faculty who supervises the work. One course credit may be counted toward major. CR/NC grading. Prerequisites: Five course units in philosophy and permission of instructor. 4444 Senior Seminar Extensive examination of selected philosophical topics. Preparation, presentation, and revision of senior projects. Prerequisite: Senior major in philosophy. 4904, 4908 Senior Honors Independent study of a philosophic problem involving regular conferences with the instructor and writing of a philosophic essay. (1 or 2 course units.) Prerequisites: Senior standing, at least a 3.5 grade point average in philosophy, presentation of an acceptable project proposal, and permission of instructor.

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