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Rome

R

Eguide

ome is the capital of Italy and of the Lazio region. The "Eternal City" is on the River Tiber, between the Apennine Mountains and the Tyrrhenian Sea. Rome is also the main headquarters for the Roman Catholic Church, with the Pope residing in Vatican City. Rome has a lot to offer and we do suggest you visit RomeEguide.com for the complete list of attractions as not all our given in this print version.

Rome Architecture

Baths of Caracalla

A classic Roman bathing complex which could hold up to 1,600 persons. Via delle Terme di Caracalla, 52 (06 5758626).

Capitoline Hill

Capitoline Hill is the home of the city government with Michelangelo's Piazza del Campidoglio. And bordering the Piazza are the Palazzo dei Conservatori, Palazzo dei Senatori and Palazzo Nuovo with the Capitoline Museums and it's collection of classical art, and ancient sculpture.

Castel Sant'Angelo

Built between 135 and 139 AD by Hadrian as his mausoleum and then used as a fortress, a prison and now a museum. Climb to the upper terraces for views of Rome. Lungotevere Castell, 50 (06 6819111).

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Circus Maximus

Circus Maximus was a large arena where over 200,000 people could watch gladiators. Now in ruins as builders over the years have taken the marble and stone. Via del Circo.

Colosseum

The Colosseum is a significant structure. Completed in A.D. 80 with seating for 50,000, the place to watch gladiators. It took 8 years to build and was started by Emperor Vespasian. But who died just before it was completed. The elliptical building is nearly 50 metres high. The upper storey was for lower classes and women and the lowest for prominent citizens. The wild animals were kept in cages below ground. The Colosseum entertainment was free and sometimes lasted for several days. Unfortunately the southern side of the Colosseum was destroyed by an earthquake in 847. Via dei Fori Imperiali. (06 39967700).

Pantheon

Originally built in 27 B.C. and rebuilt in second century A.D, the Pantheon is one of the few ancient Roman buildings that it is still intact. A perfect square resting in a cylinder measuring 142 feet wide and 142 feet high with 25 feet thick walls, and bronze doors weighing 20 tons each and impressive dome. Light comes from the oculus at the top of the dome. Dedicated in 609 to St. Mary ad Martyres, it holds Raphael's tomb. The Pantheon borders the Piazza della Rotonda, a rectangular square with a central fountain. Piazza della Rotonda (06 68 30 02 30).

Rome Art Galleries

Casa di Goethe

The house where Goethe used to stay on his visits to Rome and now displays some of his work and other temporary exhibits. Via del Corso, 18 (06 32650412).

Centrale Montemartini

An old power station converted into an exhibition of Roman and Greek sculpture. Via ostiense, 106 (06 39967800).

Domus Aurea

Ruins of the Domus built for Nerone after the fire of 64 A.D. The villa extended for a square mile between the slopes of the Caelian and Palatin hills. Via della Domus Aurea (06 39967700).

Compless de Vittoriano

At the back of the Vittorio Emanuele II that stages many important touring exhibitions. Via S. Peitro in Carcere (066780664).

Spanish Steps and Piazza di Spagna

Built in 1725 the steps curve upwards from the Piazza di Spagna to the Church of Santa Trinit dei Monti. The shopping area of Via Condotti leads back from the Spanish steps to Via del Corso. At the bottom of the steps lies Bernini's boat-shaped Barcaccia fountain.

Galleria Borghese

Works by Raphael, Titan and Caravaggio and sculptures by Berni and Canova. Piazzale Scipione Borghese, 5 (06 8413979).

Golden House of Nero

After the fire in A.D. 64 Nero built an ornate palace, with a 150 foot nude statue of himself at the entrance. Via della Dommus Aurea. (06 3974 9907).

Vittoriano

Inaugurated in 1911 and devoted to the King Victor Emmanuel II with the tomb of the Unknown Soldier. Sometimes called "the wedding cake" or "the typewriter" has inside it changing art shows. From the top is a good 360 degree view of Rome. Piazza Venezia (06 6991718).

Roman Forum (Palatino)

The Roman Forum was the political, economic, and religious centre of ancient Rome, a wide area that is open to the public without charge. Largo Romolo e Remo (06 69901110).

Galleria Nazionale di Arte Moderna e Contemporanea

The National Collection of modern art in the Villa Borghese with works by De Chirico, Kandinsky, Klimt and Cezanne housed in a palace built in 1911. Viale Belle Arti, 131 (Parioli) (06 322981).

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Galleria Corsini

The gallery houses the national art collection of 16th and 17th Century paintings and also works by Carvaggio and Tiziano. Via delle Lungara, 10, Trastevere (06 68803323).

Christian Andersen

Works by Norwegian artist Andersen who lived in Rome from 1896 and houses numerous paintings, graphic works and sculptures. Villa Helene, Via Pasquale Stanislao Mancini, 20.

Museo Napoleonico

A collection of Napoleon's art, books and other objects. Piazza Ponte Umberto 1 (06 68806286).

Museo Nazionale di Arte Orientale

Housed in the Palazzo Brancaccio with a collection of Asian art. Via Merulana, 248 250 (06 4875077).

Galleria Doria Pamphili

Housed in the Palazzo Doria Pamphili a private collection with works by Caravaggio, Tiziano, Raffaelo, Rubens and others. Piazza de Collegio Romano, 2 (06 6797323).

Musei Capitolini

A collection of Roman sculpture that includes the equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius. Piazza del Campidoglio (06 39967800).

Museo dell'Alto Medioevo

Decorative arts from the Roman Empire period to early Renaissance. Viale Lincoln, 3, (06 54228199).

National Gallery of S. Luca

Created in 1577 by Pope Gregory X111 with a small collection including works by Raphael, Bassan and Rubens. Via dell'Accademia di San Luca, 77 (06 6798850).

Galleria Mastroianni

Sculptures and engravings by Umberto Mastroianni. Piazza San Salvatore in Lauro, 15 (06 6878737).

Galleria Colonna

The part of Palazzo Colonna that is open to the public with works by Guercino, Tinoretto, Van Dyck, Botticelli and others. Via della Pilotta, 17 (06 6784350).

Gallera Spada

Works by Rubens, Reni and others in the Renaissance Palace built in the 16th Century. Palazzo Spada, Piazza Capo di Ferro, 13 (06 6874893).

Museo di Palazzo Venezia

A collection of decorative arts from the Medieval to the 18th Century. Via del Plebiscito, 118 (06 32810).

Palazzo Altemps

A collection of Roman statuary and other artefacts. Piazza Sant'Apollinare, 48 (06 687 2719).

Museo Ebraico

A collection to represent the Jewish Community in Rome and located inside the Synagogue in the old Jewish ghetto. Lungotevere de'Cenci (06 6840061).

Palazzo Barberini

A national collection of 13 - 16th Century paintings with works from the Renaissance and Baroque periods. Via Barberini 18 (06 4814591).

MACRO

The Museo di Arte Contemporanea di Roma is a collection of contemporary art with changing exhibitions. Via Reggio Emilia, 54 (06 671070400).

Museo Etrusco di Villa Giulia

Home of the National Etruscan collection that includes a Etruscan tomb artefacts and watercolours by Caffi, Corrodi, Aerni and others. Piazzale Villa Giulia, 9 (063201951).

Palazzo Massimo alle Terme

Ancient sculpture and mosaics in this building with a neo - 16th century style but opened in 1887. Laro di Villa Peretti, 1 (06 48903500).

Museo Barracco di Scultura Antica

Roman art collected by Giovani Barracco. Corso Vittorio, 166 (06 6880 6848).

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Rome Catacombs

Catacombe di Priscilla

One of the oldest catacombs. Via Salaria, 430 (0686206272).

Catacombe di S. Agnese

Fourth century catacombs that go down three levels and well decorated. Via Nomentana, 349 (06 8610840).

Catacombe di S. Callisto

A huge complex of underground passages in the Roman Church Cemetery. Via Appia Antica, 110 (06 5136725).

San Marco

Founded in AD336 on the site of the house where St Mark the evangelist stayed. Piazza San Marco (06 6795205).

Rome Fountains

Baraccia Fountains

At the bottom of the Spanish steps lies Bernini's boat-shaped Barcaccia fountain built in 1629 by Bernini. Piazza di Spagna.

Catacombe di S Domitilla

Santa Domitilla is buried in these important catacombs. Via delle Sette Chiese, 280 (06 5110342).

Sant'Andrea della Valle

Built in 1624 by Giacomo della Porta with the second highest dome in Rome. Coros Vittorio, 6 (06 686 1339).

Fontana dei Riumi

Built by Bernini for Pope Innocent X with four giants to represent four great rivers, the Danube, the Ganges, the Nile and Rio della Plata. Piazza Navona.

Catacombe di S. Sebanstiano

The Jewish community cemetery. Appia Antica, 136 (06 7850350).

Santa Maria in Aracoeli

The Romanesque Aracoeli is on the site of an ancient temple to Juno Moneta. Piazza del Campidoglio, 4 (06 679 8155).

Rome Churches

Il Gesu

Opened in 1584 is the church of the Jesuits with the baroque Triumph in the name of Jesus on the ceiling. Piazza del Gesu (06 697001).

Fontana del Tritone

Built by Bernini with Triton, who is half man and half fish. Piazza Barberini.

Santa Maria Maggiore

On top of the Esquiline Hill with gold decorations inside. Piazza di Santa Maria Maggiore (06 483195).

Trevi Fountain

Trevi Fountain, at the piazza of Via del Tritone made famous in the film Three Coins in a Fountain. If you toss a coin in the fountain legend states that you will return to Rome. The Trevi fountain is at the end of the Aqua Virgo, an aqueduct constructed in 19 BC which brings water from the Salone Springs. The fountain was completed in 1762. The central figure of the fountain, is Neptune, god of the sea who rides a shell shaped chariot pulled by two sea horses guided by a Triton. Piazza di Trevi.

San Carlo alla Quattro Fontane

A small church designed by Francesco Borromini with an oval interior covered by an elliptical cupola. Via del Quirinale, 23 (064883261).

Santa Maria in Trastevere

The nave is lined with columns from ancient Roman buildings and the apse covered in gold mosaics. Piazza di Santa Maria in Trastevere (06 5897332).

San Giovanni in Laterano

The cathedral church of Rome and first of the major basilicas. Piazza san Giovanni in Laterano, 4 (06 69886433).

San Nicola in Carcere

A 12th Century church built over three temples. Via del Teatro di Marcello (06 6830 7198).

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Rome Museums

Keats Shelley House

Museum dedicated to romantic poets. Piazza di Spagna, 26 (06 6784235).

Museo delle Cere

The wax museum with over 100 celebrities and wax dinosaurs. Piazza SS Apostoli, 67 (066796482).

Museo Nazionale degli Strumenti Musicali

Musical instruments including early Greek and Roman instruments. Piazza Santa Croce in Gerusalemme, 9a (06 32810).

Museo degli Orrori Dario Argento

An underground museum with the props used by Dario Argento many of which depict horrors. Via dei Gracchi, 260.

Museo della Civilita Romana

Reproductions of Roman Civilisation along with a Planetarium. Piazza Agnelli, 10 (06 5926041).

Museo Nazionale delle Paste Alimentari

All about pasta in this museum! Pixxa Scanderberg, 117 (066991120).

Museo di Roma

The history of Rome from the early to modern. Palazzo Braschi, via di San Pantalei 10 (06 6710 8346).

Museo delle Anime dei Defunti

A collection of bibles and arguments to show there might be life after death. Chiesa del Sacro Cuore in Parti, 12 (06 68806517).

Museo Nazionale di Castel Sant'Angelo e Mausoleo di Adriano

A collection of weapons covering all periods in what was originally a fortress, prison and even a Palace for the Popes. Lungotevere Castello, 50 (06 6819111).

Museo dei Bambini di Roma

A museum for children laid out as a small city with things to play with and touch. Via Flamina, 80 (06 3613741).

Museo Nazionale Preistorico

Prehistoric Italian, bronze age and Iron age artefacts. Piazza Guglielmo Marconi, 14 (06 549521).

Museo Civico di Zoologia

Rome's zoology museum with a large collection of insects and other species. Via Aldrovandi, 18 (06 67109270).

Museo di Anatomia Comparata

Skeletons and anatomical specimens along with a display to illustrate evolution and animal adaptation. University degli Studi 'La Sapienza' (06 499 18033).

Museo Nazionale Romano

Built in a medieval crypt and shows what life in Rome was like in the Middle Ages with two medieval houses on display. Via delle Botteghe Oscure,31 (06 39967700).

Museo delle Auto della Polizia di Stato

Police cars from the early days to the modern including a Ferrari 250 GTE. Via dell'Arcadia, 20.

Museo di Roma in Trastevere

Exhibition of Roman folklore. Piazza San Egidio 1b (06 5816563).

Museo Nazionale Romano - Terme di Dioclesiano

The largest baths in Rome and opened in AD 306. Via Enrico De Nicola, 79 (06 39967700).

Museo Francescanao dei Padri Cappuccini

Remains of 4000 monks used for decorations such as lampshades made from skulls and ribs hanging from ceiling to make chandeliers and pelvic bones making hour glass shapes. Chiesa di S Maria deall Concezione, Via Vittori Veneta, 27 (064871185).

Museo Ebraica di Roma

Tells the story of the persecution of the Jews in Rome. Langotevere Cenci (06 6840 0661).

Planetarium and Astronomy Museum

One of the first planetariums in the world and now lets you take a virtual journey from Earth to the moon. Museum of Roman Civilisation, Piazza G Agnelli, 10

Museo Nazionale delle Arti e Tradizoni Pollari

A museum for agriculture and rural life in Italy. Piazza Marconi, 10 (06 5926148).

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Museo Numismatico della Zecca italiana

A museum for money and coins. Via XX Settembre, 97 (06 47613317).

Vatican Museums

The Vatican Museums occupy a part of the papal palaces and include the Borgia Apartments, Egyptian-Gregorian Museum, Ethnological Museum, Raphael Rooms, the Etruscan Museum Pinacoteca, Pio-Clementino Museum Raphael Salon and the Vatican Library. The Sistine Chapel is at the end of the museum route and where Michelangelo's Last Judgment is on the rising above the frescoes on the side painted by Botticelli, Ghirlandaio, Roselli, Pinturicchio, Signorelli and della Gatta. Vatican City, Viale Vaticano. (06 6988 4676).

Rome Parks

Bioparco Zoological Garden

A zoo with over 200 specimens, along with entertainers and playground. Piazzale del Giardino Zoologico, 1 (06 3608211).

Palazzo Braschi

Rome's history during the period 17 - 19th Century in an 18th century palace. Piazza S Pantaleo, 10 (06 67108346).

Orto Botanica

Rome's botanic gardens with fountains, fish ponds and hidden areas to relax in. Largo Cristina di Svezia, 24 (06 4991 7107).

Villa Giulia Museum

An extensive collection of Etruscan art and artefacts. Piazzale di Villa Guilia, 9 (06 322 6571).

Villa Ada Savoia

Bicycles can be rented in this park and there is also a children's area with free and paid games. Popular with joggers with paths around the lakes and woodland. Via Salaria, Via di Ponte Salario.

Scuderie del Quirinale

Formerly an armoury now a museum with changing exhibitions from around the world. Via XX1V Maggio, 16 (06 696270).

San Pietro (St Peter's)

St Peter's is one of the world great Christian symbols. Built over Saint Peter's tomb in the 4th Century. Over the years it has been added to and included help from Michelangelo's and inside you will find his Pieta. He built the massive dome. Bernini was responsible for the piazza and baldacchino. Good views from the cupola. Piazza San Pietro (06 69881662).

Villa Sciarra

A small Roman villa with exotic plants, statues and fountains. Viale delle Mura Giannicolensi.

Vatican

Vatican City

A State within the city of Rome, location of St Peter's Basilica, the Vatican Museums and Castel Sant'Angelo. The Pope gives a public audience every Wednesday and tickets need to be organised ahead of time from the Vatican. The Sunday morning blessing is given from the study overlooking Saint Peter's square and is open to all.

Piazza San Pietro (St Peter's Square)

This is the gateway to the largest and most famous church in the world. To the left as you enter the square are the official Vatican shops, post office and bookstores. To the right is the line up to enter the church or the museum around the corner.

Villa Borghese

A large villa with a lake where you can row and with plenty of tracks for bicycles and roller bladding all of which can be rented. Piazzale Flamino.

St. Peter's Basilica

Emperor Constantine in AD 319 built a basilica over where the tomb of St. Peter and was reconstructed in the 15th Century. Inside is Michelangelo's Pieta. St. Peter's Square (06 698 5318).

Vatican Gardens

The Vatican gardens consist of 23 hectares of beautiful greenery, paths, and flower beds and of course statues and fountains. Vatican Tourism Office (06 6988 1662).

Villa Doria Pamphili

At the top of Gianicolo with buildings, skating rink, lake and artificial waterfall. Via di San Pancrazio.

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