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Permaquik® Crystalline Waterproofing

Capillary Waterproofing Formulation

Product Description Permaquik® crystalline products are capillary waterproofing formulations of proprietary blends of chemicals, quartz sand and cement. The chemicals contained in the crystalline waterproofing materials require the presence of moisture to set off a chemical reaction from within the matrix of the concrete. When combined with "free lime", these chemicals form long chained complexes, which crystallize and penetrate deep into the capillaries of the concrete eliminating the migration of water. Independent tests show penetration up to 50mm in 28 days. The crystalline process is continuous as long as moisture is present in the concrete, significantly reducing the concrete's natural porosity by filling small voids and cracks caused by shrinkage. The concrete is still able to breathe as the crystalline does not create a vapor barrier. If no moisture is present, the crystals will lie dormant until moisture reappears and then will reactivate to seal the cause of the leakage. Permaquik® 131 Crack Sealant is a premium, rapid-setting repair and plugging material specifically designed to stop leaks in concrete walls, pre-cast concrete, floors, cisterns, bulkheads, etc. Permaquik® Super 200 is applied as a slurry coat on vertical interior or exterior (CIP) concrete or (CMU) block structures to create a waterproofing barrier from within the substrate. It can be applied by "broadcasting" the dry powder onto horizontal concrete surfaces at the time of initial set and power or hand floating the powder into the green concrete. Once the reaction has taken place and the formulation has crystallized, these coatings are highly resistant to salts (chloride penetration), alkalis and seawater. Because of the density of the crystalline chain, the concrete is able to withstand mildly acidic conditions to provide protection in wastewater treatment plants as well as superior protection against frost damage and may also be used in sealing the joint between new and existing concrete. Permaquik® Mortar 300 is applied in mortar consistency to make coves and for filling reglets at construction joints. It is also used to repair honeycombing, cracks, filling of formtie holes and cold joints and is used in conjunction with Permaquik Super 200. Permaquik® 400 is used as a rendering for brick masonry and stonewalls. It is supplied as a ready-mixed material, adding only water to make the material ready for use. Basic Uses Few products in the waterproofing industry offer the total protection to the concrete itself that Permaquik Crystalline Waterproofing Systems provide. Where moisture is present, there is always the danger of damage not only to the concrete but to the steel as well as interior finishes. Permaquik Crystalline products, when applied to inside or outside surfaces, integrate and combine with the concrete from within thus forming a barrier which cannot easily be damaged. No special below-grade protection is necessary. The crystalline products tolerate water so there is no need to continually dry the surface before applicaton, unlike most asphaltic, bitumen or solventbased resin systems. The Permaquik Crystalline Waterproofing Systems provide fast, economical waterproofing for foundation walls and floor slabs, suspended or in-ground pools, and protect against spalling due to oil, salt and freeze/thaw action in parking garage floor applications. Packaging Permaquik 200: 55 lb (25 kg) Pails packed in 5 gal (20 L) Pail. Grey is also available in drums. Permaquik 300: 55 lb (25 kg) Pails packed in 5 gal (20 L) Pail. Permaquik 400: 55 lb (25 kg) Pails packed in 5 gal (20 L) Pail. Standard Colors Permaquik 200 is available in White and Grey. Installation All surfaces to receive Permaquik Crystalline products must be clean and free from oil, grease, paint, loose dust and Laitance. Horizontal surfaces should not have curing agents or hardeners applied prior to the crystalline product application. Rout out and repair all cracks larger than 0.01 inch in width. Ensure all vertical concrete surfaces are waterblasted as moisture must be present in the capillaries prior to the crystalline waterproofing application. Dry broadcast Permaquik Super 200 on horizontal surfaces. It may be broadcast into the first pour of concrete and vibrated prior to the second pour. Mix two and one-half parts of Permaquik Super 200 to one part water by volume to produce a mixture suitable for brushing or spraying. The mixture should be used up within half an hour, after which time it starts to thicken. On no account add extra water to restore workability. Install slurry coats in two passes with the second being applied while the first is still tacky. Intermittent fogging with water the day after application is recommended. Surfaces may be backfilled 24 hours after

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application. Backfilling material should be wet down adjacent to the walls. Permaquik Crystalline Waterproofing Products can also be used to completely stop leaks from the inside of any concrete or block structure, even against extremely high water pressure. All concrete deficiencies such as faulty and leaking construction joints and cracks, cold joints and honeycombing must be routed out and cleaned thoroughly. If necessary, a plastic or rubber tube may be inserted to control the flow of water. The routed out area is then coated with Permaquik Super 200 slurry. Fill the remainder of the cavity with 300/200 (1:1) mortar, coating the final surface with Permaquik Super 200. Small areas can be filled with Permaquik 400 Mortar if desired. Application Amounts Permaquik Super 200 1.3 kg/M2 or 2.4 lbs/sq yd Coverage: 200 sq ft per pail in 2 passes Horizontal dry shake method: 1 kg/M2 or 1.85 lb/sq yd Permaquik Mortar 300 2 kg-3kg/lineal meter or 4.5 lb (for coves and reglets) 6.0 lb/lineal yard Permaquik 400 One 25 kg bag will give 13.1 litres or 0.46 ft3 of pointing material

Availability Immediately available from your local Tremco Field Representative, Tremco Distributor or Tremco Warehouse. Limitations · As freshly applied crystalline waterproofing systems contain water, they must not be exposed to freezing temperatures. At the other extreme, it must be protected from drying out too quickly in hot or windy conditions. · Avoid prolonged contact with the skin. To minimize the risk of irritation from these alkaline materials, use rubber gloves. · Do not mix with other cement products. · Do not paint surfaces treated with PQ Crystalline products until 21 days after application and first apply muriatic acid and water (1:5) to neutralize the surface chemicals. · Not for use in potable water applications. Warranty Tremco warrants its products to be free of defects in materials, but makes no warranty as to appearance or color. Since methods of application and on-site conditions are beyond our control and can affect performance, Tremco make no other warranty, expressed or implied, including warranties of MERCHANTABILITY and FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, with respect to Tremco products. Tremco's sole obligation shall be, at its option, to replace or refund the purchase of the quantity of Tremco product proved to be defective and Tremco shall not be liable for any loss or damage.

TYPICAL PHYSICAL PROPERTIES

Physical Properties Hydrostatic Head Pressure Compressive Strength Typical Values 100' (28 m) Days 3 7 28 6.6 x 10-12 K, cm/sec .012 perms PSI 4145 5560 6970 Test Method

ASTM C39

Water Permeability Water Vapor Transmission

ASTM-D 5084 ASTM E96

3735 Green Road, Beachwood, OH 44122 // Phone: 216.292.5000 // 800.321.7906 220 Wicksteed Avenue, Toronto, ON M4H 1G7 // Phone: 416.421.3300 // 800.363.3213 1451 Jacobson Avenue, Ashland OH 44805 // Phone: 419.289.2050 // 800.321.6357

Tremco Commercial Sealants & Waterproofing

www.tremcosealants.com

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