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WESTERN GEOLOGIC, LLC

74 NORTH N STREET Salt Lake City, Utah 84103 USA

Phone: 801.359.7222 Fax: 801.359.2730 Email: [email protected]

November 9, 2006 Mr. William Rauch Wells Fargo RETECHS 22208 Frontier Place Chatsworth, CA 91311 SUBJECT: Letter Summary - Phase I Environmental Site Assessment

Dear Mr. Rauch: Western GeoLogic performed a Phase I Environmental Site Assessment that included on-site observations of the Tahoe Shores Mobile Estates facility located at 395 Eugene Drive in Stateline, Nevada on November 1, 2006. I. Project Identification Tahoe Shores Mobile Estates 395 Eugene Drive Stateline, Project State Wells Fargo RETECHS No. LA06-21595-A.1 II. Property Use The Project is currently occupied by Tahoe Shores Mobile Estates, a 155-space (148 are occupied) manufactured housing development. In addition to the home spaces, the 17.09acre property is developed by an office building, shop, storage shed, and a Kingsbury General Improvement District water pump station located on an easement. The operation is not listed as a RCRA generator or on any other environmental database reviewed. There is no evidence of past or present USTs at the Project. III. Scope of Investigations Except as otherwise identified herein the assessment was conducted utilizing generally accepted Phase I industry standards in accordance with the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) Standard Practice 1527-05 and the Wells Fargo Bank General Environmental Scope of Services. There were no areas of the site that were not available for inspection. There were no restrictions placed upon access to environmental data. There are no tasks that have not been completed.

Western GeoLogic ­ Environmental, Engineering, and Geologic Consultants

Letter Summary - Phase I Environmental Site Assessment Tahoe Shores Mobile Estates ­ 395 Eugene Drive ­ Stateline, Nevada November 9, 2006

Page 2 ID No. LA06-21595-A.1

The following data gaps were identified: · Documentation of Property's historical use back to 1940 because of data failure. No historical documents were found to document land use at the Project between 1940 and 1966. However, the earliest available source (aerial photo) shows that the property was undeveloped in 1966. This data gap is not considered to be significant. Previous owner was not interviewed. One previous owner, Mr. Oliver Kahle, is deceased and was not interviewed. Other evidence indicates the Project was used as a mobile home park during his ownership. This data gap is not considered to be significant. The residential occupants were not interviewed. No interviews were conducted with residents the 148 occupied mobile home spaces. Given the strictly residential nature of the occupants, this data gap is not considered to be significant.

·

·

IV.

Environmental Issues This assessment has revealed no evidence of recognized environmental conditions in connection with the Project.

IV.

Recommendations/Additional Investigations and Estimated Abatement and Remediation Costs No further action or investigation is recommended.

It has been a pleasure working with Wells Fargo Bank on this project. Should any questions arise please contact the project manager listed below. Sincerely, Western GeoLogic, LLC

Craig V Nelson, P.G. Principal Engineering Geologist

D:\Western GeoLogic\PROJECTS\Wells Fargo\Stateline, NV - Phase I - Tahoe Shores Mobile Estates\Report - Tahoe Shores Mobile Estates.doc

Western GeoLogic ­ Environmental, Engineering, and Geologic Consultants

REPORT

PHASE I ENVIRONMENTAL SITE ASSESSMENT

TAHOE SHORES MOBILE ESTATES 395 EUGENE DRIVE STATELINE, NEVADA 89449

RETECHS No. LA06-21595-A.1

Prepared for

Wells Fargo Bank 707 Wilshire Boulevard, 11th Floor

Los Angeles, CA 91311

November 7, 2006

Prepared by

Western GeoLogic, LLC 74 North N Street Salt Lake City, UT 84103

Voice: 801.359.7222 Fax: 801.359.2730 Web: www.western-geologic.com

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page

Certification, Limitation, and Statement of Independence ............................................................................................. ii Industry Standard Definitions per ASTM E 1527-05 .......................................................................................................iv List of Acronyms Used...................................................................................................................................................viii

1.0 Report Summary ...................................................................................................................................... 1 1.1.Property Use ....................................................................................................................................... 1 1.2 Investigations ..................................................................................................................................... 1 1.3 Findings .............................................................................................................................................. 2 1.4 Opinions and Recommendations ........................................................................................................ 3 1.5 Conclusions ........................................................................................................................................ 3 1.6 Recommendations/Additional Investigations ..................................................................................... 3 2.0 Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 3 2.1 Purpose................................................................................................................................................ 4 2.2 Detailed Scope-of-Services ................................................................................................................. 4 2.3 Significant Assumptions...................................................................................................................... 4 2.4 Limitations and Exceptions ................................................................................................................. 5 2.5 Special Terms and Conditions............................................................................................................. 5 2.6 User Reliance ...................................................................................................................................... 5 3.0 Site Description....................................................................................................................................... 6 3.1 Location and Legal Description .......................................................................................................... 6 3.2 Site and Vicinity General Characteristics............................................................................................ 6 3.3 Current Use of the Property................................................................................................................. 6 3.4 Other Improvements on the Site.......................................................................................................... 6 4.0 User Provided Informatio........................................................................................................................ 8 4.1 Title Records ....................................................................................................................................... 8 4.2 Environmental Liens or Activity and Use Limitations ........................................................................ 8 4.3 Specialized Knowledge ....................................................................................................................... 8 4.4 Commonly Known or Reasonably Ascertainable Information............................................................ 8 4.5 Valuation Reduction for Environmental Issues ................................................................................... 8 4.6 Owner, Property Manager, and Occupant Information ....................................................................... 9 4.7 Reason for Performing the Phase I Environmental Site Assessment................................................... 9 4.8 Other.................................................................................................................................................... 9 5.0 Records Review .....................................................................................................................................10 5.1 Standard Environmental Record Sources ...........................................................................................10 5.2 Additional Environmental Record Sources ........................................................................................13 5.3 Physical Setting ..................................................................................................................................13 5.4 Historical Use Information on the Property........................................................................................15 6.0 Site Reconnaissance...............................................................................................................................17 6.1 Methodology and Limiting Conditions ..............................................................................................17 6.2 General Site Setting............................................................................................................................17 6.3 Exterior Observations.........................................................................................................................17 6.4 Interior Observations..........................................................................................................................18 7.0 Interviews...............................................................................................................................................19 7.1 Interview with Owner.........................................................................................................................19 7.2 Interview with Key Site Manager.......................................................................................................19 7.3 Interviews with Occupants .................................................................................................................19 7.4 Interviews with Local Government Officials .....................................................................................19 7.5 Interviews with Others .......................................................................................................................19 8.0 Findings .................................................................................................................................................20 9.0 Opinion ..................................................................................................................................................20 10.0 Conclusions..........................................................................................................................................20 11.0 Deviations ............................................................................................................................................20 12.0 Additional Services ..............................................................................................................................21 12.1 Asbestos-Containing Building Materials..........................................................................................21 12.2 Lead Paint.........................................................................................................................................21 12.3 Lead in Water...................................................................................................................................21 12.4 Radon ..............................................................................................................................................22 13.0 References.............................................................................................................................................23 14.0 Environmental Professional Signature ..................................................................................................24 15.0 Qualifications of the Environmental Professionals ...............................................................................24 16.0 Appendices............................................................................................................................................24

Western GeoLogic ­ Environmental, Engineering, and Geologic Consultants

Phase I Environmental Site Assessment Tahoe Shores Mobile Estates ­ 395 Eugene Drive ­ Stateline, Nevada November 9, 2006

Page ii ID No. LA06-21595-A.1

CERTIFICATION, LIMITATION, AND STATEMENT OF INDEPENDENCE

Western GeoLogic has completed a Phase I Environmental Site Assessment of Tahoe Shores Mobile Estates located at 395 Eugene Drive in Stateline, Nevada (the "Project"). The Wells Fargo Bank RETECHS reference number is LA06-21595-A.1 (Report Submittal Date: November 7, 2006). The assessment was performed at the Client's request using the methods and procedures consistent with good commercial and customary practice designed to conform to acceptable industry standards. This report has been prepared by the staff of Western Geologic, LLC for Wells Fargo Bank under the professional supervision of the principal and/or senior staff whose seal(s) and signatures appear hereon. Neither Western Geologic, LLC, nor any staff member assigned to this investigation has any interest or contemplated interest, financial or otherwise, in the subject or surrounding properties, or in any entity which owns, leases, or occupies the subject or surrounding properties or which may be responsible for environmental issues identified during the course of this investigation, and has no personal bias with respect to the parties involved. The information contained in this report has received appropriate technical review and approval. The conclusions represent professional judgments founded upon the findings of the investigations identified in the report and the interpretation of such data based on our experience and expertise according to the existing standard of care. No other warranty or limitation exists, either express or implied. The investigation was prepared in accordance with scope of work provided by the client for the use and benefit of Wells Fargo Bank, its successors, and assignees. It is based, in part, upon documents, writings, and information owned, possessed, or secured by Wells Fargo Bank. Neither this report, nor any information contained herein shall be used or relied upon for any purpose by any other person or entity without the express written permission of Wells Fargo Bank. Anyone seeking defenses to CERCLA liability must take independent action to perfect their position. In expressing the opinions stated in this report, Western GeoLogic has exercised the degree of skill and care ordinarily exercised by a reasonable prudent environmental professional in the same community and in the same time frame given the same or similar facts and circumstances. Documentation and data provided by the Client, designated representatives of the Client or other interested third parties, or from the public domain, and referred to in the preparation of this assessment, have been used and referenced with the understanding that Western GeoLogic assumes no responsibility or liability for their accuracy. The independent conclusions represent our professional judgment based on information and data available to us during the course of this assignment. Factual information regarding operations, conditions, and test data provided by the Client or their representative have been assumed to be correct and complete. The conclusions presented are based on the data provided, observations, and conditions that existed on the date of the on-site visit.

Craig V Nelson, P.G. Principal Engineering Geologist Western Geologic, LLC

Western GeoLogic ­ Environmental, Engineering, and Geologic Consultants

Phase I Environmental Site Assessment Tahoe Shores Mobile Estates ­ 395 Eugene Drive ­ Stateline, Nevada November 9, 2006

Page iii ID No. LA06-21595-A.1

INDUSTRY STANDARD DEFINITIONS PER ASTM E 1527-05

Activity and Use Limitations. Legal or physical restrictions or limitations on the use of, or access to, a site or facility: (1) to reduce or eliminate potential exposure to hazardous substances or petroleum products in the soil or ground water on the property, or (2) to prevent activities that could interfere with the effectiveness of a response action, in order to ensure maintenance of a condition of no significant risk to public health or the environment. These legal or physical restrictions, which may include institutional and/or engineering controls, are intended to prevent adverse impacts to individuals or populations that may be exposed to hazardous substances and petroleum products in the soil or ground water on the property. Adjoining Property. Refers to adjoining properties--any real property or properties the border of which is contiguous or partially contiguous with that of the property, or that would be contiguous or partially contiguous with that of the property but for a street, road, or other public thoroughfare separating them. All Appropriate Inquiry. That inquiry constituting "all appropriate inquiry into the previous ownership and uses of the property consistent with good commercial or customary practice" as defined in CERCLA, 42 U.S.C §9601(35)(B), that will qualify a party to a commercial real estate transaction for one of threshold criteria for satisfying the LLPs to CERCLA liability. Business Environmental Risk. A risk which can have a material environmental or environmentally-driven impact on the business associated with the current or planned use of a parcel of commercial real estate, not necessarily limited to those environmental issues required to be investigated in this practice. Consideration of business environmental risk issues may involve addressing one or more non-scope considerations (asbestos-containing building materials, radon, lead-based paint, and lead in drinking water, for example). Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Information System (CERCLIS). The list of sites compiled by EPA that EPA has investigated or is currently investigating for potential hazardous substance contamination for possible inclusion on the National Priorities List. CORRACTS List. A list maintained by EPA of hazardous waste treatment, storage, or disposal facilities and other RCRA-regulated facilities (due to past interim status or storage of hazardous waste beyond 90 days) that have been notified by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to undertake corrective action under RCRA. The CORRACTS list is a subset of the EPA database that manages RCRA data. Data Gap. A lack of or inability to obtain information required by this practice despite good faith efforts by the environmental professional (EP) to gather such information. Data gaps may result from incompleteness in any of the activities required by this practice, including, but not limited to site reconnaissance (for example, an inability to conduct the site visit), and interviews (for example, an inability to interview the key site manager, regulatory officials, etc.). The report shall identify and comment on significant data gaps that affect the ability of the EP to identify recognized environmental conditions and identify the sources of information that were consulted to address the data gaps. A data gap by itself is not inherently significant. For example, if a property's historical use is not identified back to 1940 because of data failure, but the earliest source shows that the property was undeveloped, this data gap by itself would not be significant. A data gap is only significant if other information and/or professional experience raises reasonable concerns involving the data gap. For example, if a building on the property is inaccessible during the site visit, and the environmental professional's experience indicates that such a building often involves activity that leads to a recognized environmental condition, the inability to inspect the building would be a significant data gap warranting comment. Environmental Lien. A charge, security, or encumbrance upon title to a property to secure the payment of a cost, damage, debt, obligation, or duty arising out of response actions, cleanup, or other remediation of hazardous substances or petroleum products upon a property, including (but not limited to) liens imposed pursuant to CERCLA 42 U.S.C. §§9607(1) & 9607(r) and similar state or local laws.

Western GeoLogic ­ Environmental, Engineering, and Geologic Consultants

Phase I Environmental Site Assessment Tahoe Shores Mobile Estates ­ 395 Eugene Drive ­ Stateline, Nevada November 9, 2006

Page iv ID No. LA06-21595-A.1

Environmental Professional. (1) A person who possesses sufficient specific education, training, and experience necessary to exercise professional judgment to develop opinions and conclusions regarding conditions indicative of releases or threatened releases on, at, in, or to a property, sufficient to meet the objectives and performance factors in §312.20(e) and (f). (2) Such a person must: (i) hold a current Professional Engineer's or Professional Geologist's license or registration from a state, tribe, or U.S. territory (or the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico) and have the equivalent of three (3) years of full-time relevant experience; or (ii) be licensed or certified by the federal government, a state, tribe, or U.S. territory (or the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico) to perform environmental inquiries as defined in §312.21 and have the equivalent of three (3) years of full-time relevant experience; or (iii) have a Baccalaureate or higher degree from an accredited institution of higher education in a discipline of engineering or science and the equivalent of five (5) years of full-time relevant experience; or (iv) have the equivalent of ten (10) years of full-time relevant experience. (3) An environmental professional should remain current in his or her field through participation in continuing education or other activities. (4) The definition of environmental professional provided above does not preempt state professional licensing or registration requirements such as those for a professional geologist, engineer, or site remediation professional. (5) A person who does not qualify as an environmental professional under the foregoing definition may assist in the conduct of all appropriate inquiries in accordance with this part if such person is under the supervision or responsible charge of a person meeting the definition of an environmental professional provided above when conducting such activities. ERNS List. EPA's emergency response notification system list of reported CERCLA hazardous substance releases or spills in quantities greater than the reportable quantity, as maintained at the National Response Center. Notification requirements for such releases or spills are codified in 40 CFR Parts 302 and 355. Fire Insurance Maps. Maps produced for private fire insurance map companies that indicate uses of properties at specified dates and that encompass the property. These maps are often available at local libraries, historical societies, private resellers, or from the map companies who produced them. Hazardous Substance. A substance defined as a hazardous substance pursuant to CERCLA 42 U.S.C.§9601(14), as interpreted by EPA regulations and the courts:" (A) any substance designated pursuant to section 1321(b)(2)(A) of Title 33, (B) any element, compound, mixture, solution, or substance designated pursuant to section 9602 of this title, (C) any hazardous waste having the characteristics identified under or listed pursuant to section 3001 of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 (RCRA), as amended, (42 U.S.C. §6921) (but not including any waste the regulation of which under RCRA (42 U.S.C.§§6901 et seq.) has been suspended by Act of Congress), (D) any toxic pollutant listed under section 1317(a) of Title 33, (E) any hazardous air pollutant listed under section 112 of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. §7412), and (F) any imminently hazardous chemical substance or mixture with respect to which the Administrator (of EPA) has taken action pursuant to section 2606 of Title 15. The term does not include petroleum, including crude oil or any fraction thereof which is not otherwise specifically listed or designated as a hazardous substance under subparagraphs (A) through (F) of this paragraph, and the term does not include natural gas, natural gas liquids, liquefied natural gas, or synthetic gas usable for fuel (or mixtures of natural gas and such synthetic gas)." Hazardous Waste. Any hazardous waste having the characteristics identified under or listed pursuant to section 3001 of RCRA, as amended, (42 U.S.C. §6921) (but not including any waste the regulation of which under RCRA (42 U.S.C. §§6901-6992k) has been suspended by Act of Congress). RCRA is sometimes also identified as the Solid Waste Disposal Act. RCRA defines a hazardous waste, at 42 U.S.C. §6903, as: "a solid waste, or combination of solid wastes, which because of its quantity, concentration, or physical, chemical, or infectious characteristics may--(A) cause, or significantly contribute to an increase in mortality or an increase in serious irreversible, or incapacitating reversible, illness; or (B) pose a substantial present or potential hazard to human health or the environment when improperly treated, stored, transported, or disposed of, or otherwise managed." historical recognized environmental condition--an environmental condition which in the past would have been considered a recognized environmental condition, but which may or may not be considered a recognized environmental condition currently. The final decision rests with the environmental professional and will be influenced by the current impact of the historical recognized environmental condition on the property. If a past release of any hazardous substances or petroleum products has occurred in connection with the property and has been remediated, with such remediation accepted by the responsible regulatory agency (for example, as evidenced by the issuance of a no further action letter or equivalent), this condition shall be considered an historical recognized environmental condition and included in the findings section of the Phase I

Western GeoLogic ­ Environmental, Engineering, and Geologic Consultants

Phase I Environmental Site Assessment Tahoe Shores Mobile Estates ­ 395 Eugene Drive ­ Stateline, Nevada November 9, 2006

Page v ID No. LA06-21595-A.1

Environmental Site Assessment report. The environmental professional shall provide an opinion of the current impact on the property of this historical recognized environmental condition in the opinion section of the report. If this historical recognized environmental condition is determined to be a recognized environmental condition at the time the Phase I Environmental Site Assessment is conducted, the condition shall be identified as such and listed in the conclusions section of the report. Historical Recognized Environmental Condition - An environmental condition which in the past would have been considered a recognized environmental condition, but which may or may not be considered a recognized environmental condition currently. The final decision rests with the environmental professional and will be influenced by the current impact of the historical recognized environmental condition on the property. If a past release of any hazardous substances or petroleum products has occurred in connection with the property and has been remediated, with such remediation accepted by the responsible regulatory agency (for example, as evidenced by the issuance of a no further action letter or equivalent), this condition shall be considered an historical recognized environmental condition and included in the findings section of the Phase I Environmental Site Assessment report. The environmental professional shall provide an opinion of the current impact on the property of this historical recognized environmental condition in the opinion section of the report. If this historical recognized environmental condition is determined to be a recognized environmental condition at the time the Phase I Environmental Site Assessment is conducted, the condition shall be identified as such and listed in the conclusions section of the report. Key Site Manager - The person identified by the owner or operator of a property as having good knowledge of the uses and physical characteristics of the property. Local Government Agencies. Those agencies of municipal or county government having jurisdiction over the property. Municipal and county government agencies include but are not limited to cities, parishes, townships, and similar entities. Local Street Directories. Directories published by private (or sometimes government) sources that show ownership, occupancy, and/or use of sites by reference to street addresses. Often local street directories are available at libraries, or historical societies, and/or local municipal offices. LUST Sites. State lists of leaking underground storage tank sites. RCRA gives EPA and states, under cooperative agreements with EPA, authority to clean up releases from UST systems or require owners and operators to do so. (42 U.S.C. §6991b). Material Threat. A physically observable or obvious threat, which is reasonably likely to lead to a release that, in the opinion of the environmental professional, is threatening and might result in impact to public health or the environment. An example might include an aboveground storage tank system that contains a hazardous substance and shows evidence of damage. The damage would represent a material threat if it is deemed serious enough that it may cause or contribute to tank integrity failure with a release of contents to the environment. National Priorities List (NPL) A list compiled by EPA pursuant to CERCLA 42 U.S.C. §9605(a)(8)(B) of properties with the highest priority for cleanup pursuant to EPA's Hazard Ranking System. Petroleum Products. Those substances included within the meaning of the petroleum exclusion to CERCLA, 42 U.S.C. §9601(14), as interpreted by the courts and EPA, that is: petroleum, including crude oil or any fraction thereof which is not otherwise specifically listed or designated as a hazardous substance under Subparagraphs (A) through (F) of 42 U.S.C. § 9601(14), natural gas, natural gas liquids, liquefied natural gas, and synthetic gas usable for fuel (or mixtures of natural gas and such synthetic gas). (The word fraction refers to certain distillates of crude oil, including gasoline, kerosene, diesel oil, jet fuels, and fuel oil, pursuant to Standard Definitions of Petroleum Statistics.5) Practically Reviewable. Information that is practically reviewable means that the information is provided by the source in a manner and in a form that, upon examination, yields information relevant to the property without the need for extraordinary analysis of irrelevant data. The form of the information shall be such that the user can review the records for a limited geographic area. Records that cannot be feasibly retrieved by reference to the location of the property or a

Western GeoLogic ­ Environmental, Engineering, and Geologic Consultants

Phase I Environmental Site Assessment Tahoe Shores Mobile Estates ­ 395 Eugene Drive ­ Stateline, Nevada November 9, 2006

Page vi ID No. LA06-21595-A.1

geographic area in which the property is located are not generally practically reviewable. Most databases of public records are practically reviewable if they can be obtained from the source agency by the county, city, zip code, or other geographic area of the facilities listed in the record system. Records that are sorted, filed, organized, or maintained by the source agency only chronologically are not generally practically reviewable. Listings in publicly available records, which do not have adequate address information to be located geographically, are not generally considered practically reviewable. For large databases with numerous records (such as RCRA hazardous waste generators and registered underground storage tanks), the records are not practically reviewable unless they can be obtained from the source agency in the smaller geographic area of zip codes. Even when information is provided by zip code for some large databases, it is common for an unmanageable number of sites to be identified within a given zip code. In these cases, it is not necessary to review the impact of all of the sites that are likely to be listed in any given zip code because that information would not be practically reviewable. In other words, when so much data is generated that it cannot be feasibly reviewed for its impact on the property, it is not practically reviewable. Project. The real property that is the subject of the environmental site assessment described in this practice. Real property includes buildings and other fixtures and improvements located on the property and affixed to the land. Publicly Available Information. Information to which access is allowed to anyone upon request. Reasonably Ascertainable. Refers to information that is publicly available, obtainable from its source within reasonable time and cost restraints, and practically reviewable. RCRA Generators. Those persons or entities that generate hazardous wastes, as defined and regulated by RCRA. RCRA TSD Facilities. Those facilities on which treatment, storage, and/or disposal of hazardous wastes takes place, as defined and regulated by RCRA. Recognized Environmental Condition. The presence or likely presence of any hazardous substances or petroleum products on a property under conditions that indicate an existing release, a past release, or a material threat of a release of any hazardous substances or petroleum products into structures on the property or into the ground, ground water, or surface water of the property. The term includes hazardous substances or petroleum products even under conditions in compliance with laws. The term is not intended to include de minimis conditions that generally do not present a threat to human health or the environment and that generally would not be the subject of an enforcement action if brought to the attention of appropriate governmental agencies. Conditions determined to be de minimis are not recognized environmental conditions. Solid Waste Disposal Site. A place, location, tract of land, area, or premises used for the disposal of solid wastes as defined by state solid waste regulations. The term is synonymous with the term landfill and is also known as a garbage dump, trash dump, or similar term. Underground Storage Tank (UST). Any tank, including underground piping connected to the tank, that is or has been used to contain hazardous substances or petroleum products and the volume of which is 10 % or more beneath the surface of the ground. User. The user is party seeking to use Practice E 1527 to complete an environmental site assessment of the property. A user may include, without limitation, a potential purchaser of property, a potential tenant of property, an owner of property, a lender, or a property manager. The user has specific obligations for completing a successful application of this practice.

Western GeoLogic ­ Environmental, Engineering, and Geologic Consultants

Phase I Environmental Site Assessment Tahoe Shores Mobile Estates ­ 395 Eugene Drive ­ Stateline, Nevada November 9, 2006

Page vii ID No. LA06-21595-A.1

LIST OF ACRONYMS USED

ACM AST ASTM AULs CERCLA CERCLIS CFR CORRACTS EPCRA ERNS ESA FEMA FOIA FR HVAC ICs LBP LLP LUST MSDS NCP NFRAP NPDES NPL NRCS PCBs PRP RCRA REC SARA SWL TSDF USC USDA USEPA USGS UST Asbestos Containing Material Aboveground Storage Tank American Society for Testing Materials Activity and Use Limitations Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act of 1980 Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Information System Code of Federal Regulations Facilities subject to Corrective Action under RCRA Emergency Planning and Community Right to Know Act ((also known as SARA Title III) Emergency response notification system Environmental Site Assessment (this is different from an environmental compliance audit) Federal Emergency Management Agency U.S. Freedom of Information Act Federal Register Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning Institutional Controls Lead-Based Paint Landowner Liability Protections under the Brownfields Amendments Leaking Underground Storage Tank Material Safety Data Sheet. National Contingency Plan Former CERCLIS sites where no further remedial action is planned under CERCLA National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System National Priorities List Natural Resource Conservation Service Polychlorinated biphenyls Potentially Responsible Party (pursuant to CERCLA 42 U.S.C. §9607(a)) Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (as amended, 42 U.S.C.§§6901 et seq.) Recognized Environmental Condition Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 (amendment to CERCLA) Solid Waste Landfill Hazardous waste treatment, storage or disposal facility United States Code United States Department of Agriculture United States Environmental Protection Agency United States Geological Survey Underground Storage Tank

Western GeoLogic ­ Environmental, Engineering, and Geologic Consultants

Phase I Environmental Site Assessment Tahoe Shores Mobile Estates ­ 395 Eugene Drive ­ Stateline, Nevada November 9, 2006

Page 1 ID No. LA06-21595-A.1

1.0

REPORT SUMMARY

1.1 PROPERTY USE 1.1.1 Current Use The Project is currently occupied by Tahoe Shores Mobile Estates, a 155-space manufactured housing development. There are currently 148 occupied spaces. In addition to the home spaces, the 17.09-acre property is developed by an office building, shop, storage shed, and a Kingsbury General Improvement District water pump station located on an easement. 1.1.2 Chronology Based on historical research the following chronology of land use has been developed for the Project: · 1940 (and prior) to 1969 - The Project was undeveloped land within the Jaffee Estate. The site was used as a landing strip in the 1950s. No buildings or fuel storage facilities were identified at the site during this period. No historical environmental concerns were identified during this period. 1969 to 1986 ­ The existing mobile home park was developed at the site by Mr. Oliver Kahle and opened as Oliver's Mobile Home Park No. 2 in 1970. The office and maintenance shop buildings were built in 1978. An easement was granted to the Kingsbury General Improvement District for construction of a pump station on the west end of the property. No historical environmental concerns were identified during this period. 1986 to 2002 ­ The Project was purchased by Mr. Herbert Gelfand and operated by Terra Vista Management as a mobile home park. No historical environmental concerns were identified during this period. 2002 to present ­ The Project was purchased by South Shore Tahoe, LLC in February 2002 and continued operation as a mobile home park. No historical, suspect, or recognized environmental concerns were identified during this period.

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1.2

INVESTIGATIONS 1.2.1 Scope of Work Except as otherwise identified herein the assessment was conducted utilizing generally accepted Phase I industry standards in accordance with the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) Standard Practice 1527-05 and the Wells Fargo Bank General Environmental Scope of Services.

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Phase I Environmental Site Assessment Tahoe Shores Mobile Estates ­ 395 Eugene Drive ­ Stateline, Nevada November 9, 2006

Page 2 ID No. LA06-21595-A.1

1.2.2 Exceptions None of the 148 occupied private mobile homes were accessed during the site inspection. There were no other areas of the site that were not available for inspection. There were no restrictions to environmental data. There are no tasks that have not been completed. 1.2.3 Data Gaps A data gap occurs when required information is missing despite the good faith efforts made by the environmental professional to gather such information. The following data gaps were identified: · Documentation of Property's historical use back to 1940 because of data failure. No historical documents were found to document land use at the Project between 1940 and 1966. However, the earliest available source (aerial photo) shows that the property was undeveloped in 1966. This data gap is not considered to be significant. Previous owner was not interviewed. One previous owner, Mr. Oliver Kahle, is deceased and was not interviewed. Other evidence indicates the Project was used as a mobile home park during his ownership. This data gap is not considered to be significant. The residential occupants were not interviewed. No interviews were conducted with residents the 148 occupied mobile home spaces. Given the strictly residential nature of the occupants, this data gap is not considered to be significant.

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1.3

FINDINGS 1.3.1 Historical Recognized Environmental Conditions

No historical recognized environmental conditions were identified at the Project. 1.3.2 Recognized Environmental Conditions

No recognized environmental conditions were identified at the Project. 1.3.3 Potential Environmental Conditions

No potential environmental conditions were identified at the Project.

Western GeoLogic ­ Environmental, Engineering, and Geologic Consultants

Phase I Environmental Site Assessment Tahoe Shores Mobile Estates ­ 395 Eugene Drive ­ Stateline, Nevada November 9, 2006

Page 3 ID No. LA06-21595-A.1

1.4

OPINIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

It is the opinion of the environmental professional that the findings and conclusions presented in this report are reasonable and prudent, given the evidence as presented. In addition, this inquiry has not identified conditions indicative of releases or threatened releases of hazardous substances that would warrant additional investigation.

1.5

CONCLUSIONS

We have performed a Phase I Environmental Site Assessment in conformance with the scope and limitations of ASTM Practice E 1527 of Tahoe Shores Mobile Estates at 395 Eugene Drive in Stateline, Nevada, the property. Any exceptions to, or deletions from, this practice are described in Section 11.0 of this report. This assessment has revealed no evidence of recognized environmental conditions in connection with the property.

1.6

RECOMMENDATIONS/ADDITIONAL INVESTIGATIONS

No further environmental investigations are recommended.

Western GeoLogic ­ Environmental, Engineering, and Geologic Consultants

Phase I Environmental Site Assessment Tahoe Shores Mobile Estates ­ 395 Eugene Drive ­ Stateline, Nevada November 9, 2006

Page 4 ID No. LA06-21595-A.1

2.0

INTRODUCTION

2.1 PURPOSE

The purpose of this Phase I ESA is to identify existing or potential recognized environmental conditions or historical recognized environmental conditions (as defined by ASTM Standard E-1527-05) affecting the Property. This is a qualitative assessment accomplished by, and limited to, a review of presently and readily available information regarding past and current land use for indications of the manufacture, generation, use, storage and/or disposal of hazardous substances at the site, and site reconnaissance to observe existing site conditions. 2.2 DETAILED SCOPE-OF-SERVICES

Except as otherwise identified herein, the scope of work for this assessment conforms to the requirements of ASTM Standard Practice 1527-05 as modified by the Wells Fargo Phase I Environmental Site Assessment Supplemental Instructions (Standard) 100506. The scope of work did not include any testing or sampling of materials (for example, soil, water, air, building materials) unless assessment of specific non-scope considerations were requested as itemized in Section 12.0 Additional Services. 2.3 SIGNIFICANT ASSUMPTIONS

An environmental professional is not required to verify independently the information provided but may rely on information provided unless he or she has actual knowledge that certain information is incorrect or unless it is obvious that certain information is incorrect based on other information obtained in the Phase I Environmental Site Assessment or otherwise actually known to the environmental professional. Factual information regarding operations, conditions, and test data provided by the user or their representative have been assumed to be correct and complete. Documentation and data provided by the user, designated representatives of the owner or other interested third parties, or from the public domain, and referred to in the preparation of this assessment, have been used and referenced with the understanding that Western GeoLogic assumes no responsibility or liability for their accuracy. The independent conclusions represent our professional judgment based on information and data available to us during the course of this assignment. Factual information regarding operations, conditions, and test data provided by the Client or their representative have been assumed to be correct and complete. The conclusions presented are based on the data provided, observations, and conditions that existed on the date of the on-site visit. The information contained in this report has received appropriate technical review and approval. The conclusions represent professional judgments founded upon the findings of the investigations identified in the report and the interpretation of such data based on our experience and expertise according to the existing standard of care. No other warranty or limitation exists, either express or implied.

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2.4

LIMITATIONS AND EXCEPTIONS

No environmental site assessment can wholly eliminate uncertainty regarding the potential for recognized environmental conditions in connection with a property. Completion of a Phase I ESA is intended to reduce, but not eliminate, uncertainty regarding the potential for recognized environmental conditions in connection with a property, recognizing reasonable limits of time and cost. All appropriate inquiry does not mean an exhaustive assessment of a clean property. There is a point at which the cost of information obtained or the time required to gather it outweighs the usefulness of the information and, in fact, may be a material detriment to the orderly completion of transactions. The ASTM E 1527-05 practice identifies a balance between the competing goals of limiting the costs and time demands inherent in performing an environmental site assessment and the reduction of uncertainty about unknown conditions resulting from additional information. This report is site-specific in that it relates to assessment of environmental conditions on a specific parcel of real estate. Consequently, this practice does not address many additional issues raised in transactions such as purchases of business entities, or interests therein, or of their assets, that may well involve environmental liabilities pertaining to properties previously owned or operated or other off-site environmental liabilities. 2.5 SPECIAL TERMS AND CONDITIONS

There were no special terms or conditions agreed upon by the environmental professional used in preparation of this report. 2.6 USER RELIANCE

The investigation was prepared in accordance with scope of work provided by the user for the use and benefit of Wells Fargo Bank, its successors, and assignees. It is based, in part, upon documents, writings, and information owned, possessed, or secured by Wells Fargo Bank. Neither this report, nor any information contained herein shall be used or relied upon for any purpose by any other person or entity without the express written permission of Wells Fargo Bank.

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3.0

SITE DESCRIPTION

3.1 LOCATION AND LEGAL DESCRIPTION

The Project is located at 395 Eugene Drive in Stateline, Nevada. Access to the Project is from Kahle Drive from the east side of the property. A vicinity map showing the location of the Project is included in Appendix A. The property is composed of two parcels identified as 1318-22-002-001 (2.49 acres) and 1318-22-002-002 (14.6 acres). 3.2 SITE AND VICINITY GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS

The Project is located in the unincorporated town of Stateline on the east shore of Lake Tahoe in Douglas County, Nevada. A site plan showing the Project layout and photos of interior and exterior areas, and adjacent land uses is included in Appendix A. 3.3 CURRENT USE OF THE PROPERTY

The Project is currently occupied by Tahoe Shores Mobile Estates, a 155-space manufactured housing development. In addition to the home spaces, the 17.09-acre property is developed by an office building, shop, storage shed, and a Kingsbury General Improvement District water pump station located on an easement. 3.4 OTHER IMPROVEMENTS ON THE SITE

3.4.1 Buildings

In addition to the 148 occupied mobile home spaces, the Project is developed by an office building, shop, storage shed, and a Kingsbury General Improvement District water pump station located on an easement. 3.4.2 Roads

Eugene Drive and Arthur Drives are asphalt-paved streets providing access to the mobile home spaces at the Project. 3.4.3 Source of Potable Water

The Project is supplied by a water system operated by Kingsbury General Improvement District. According to information from this agency the water quality is tested on a regular basis and meets the requirements as established by the USEPA, state, county, and local authorities for water quality.

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3.4.4 Sewage Disposal System A municipal sewer system serves the Project. No septic tanks or on-site wastewater disposal systems were reported. 3.4.5 Solid Waste Disposal Solid waste (non-regulated trash) generated at the Project and placed in dumpsters is disposed of by South Shore Refuse. No evidence of on site landfills or waste disposal was observed.

3.4.6 Current Uses of the Adjoining Properties

Land use in the vicinity of the Project consists of a mix of residential and undeveloped land uses. The following adjacent properties were observed:

· North. Rabe Meadows, undeveloped U.S. Forest Service land. · East. Residential apartments. · South. University of Nevada's 4-H Camp. · West. Lake Tahoe.

Visual observation of the Project and adjacent properties identified no evidence of distressed vegetation, staining, or surface migration of petroleum releases or hazardous materials onto or off of the Project. Given observations from the site reconnaissance and information from the regulatory records and interviews, the current adjacent property use is not anticipated to pose an environmental risk to the Project.

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4.0

USER PROVIDED INFORMATION

The term user, as defined by ASTM Practice E 1527-05, refers to the party seeking to complete an environmental site assessment of the property. A user may include, without limitation, a potential purchaser of property, a potential tenant of property, an owner of property, a lender, or a property manager. The user has specific obligations and responsibilities that must be performed to help identify the possibility of recognized environmental conditions in connection with the property. These tasks do not require the technical expertise of an environmental professional and are generally not performed by environmental professionals performing a Phase I Environmental Site Assessment. A copy of the Phase I Environmental Site Assessment User Questionnaire completed by the user is included in Appendix D. 4.1 TITLE RECORDS

Review of Title and Judicial Records for Environmental Liens or Activity and Use Limitations (AULs) is the responsibility of the user of the Phase I ESA report. No title documents were provided for review to the environmental professional and review of such documents were not in the scope of this report. 4.2 ENVIRONMENTAL LIENS OR ACTIVITY AND USE LIMITATIONS

The user indicated no knowledge of any environmental cleanup liens filed or recorded against the site or site activity and no knowledge of land use limitations (AULs) that are in place on the site or that have been filed or recorded in a registry. 4.3 SPECIALIZED KNOWLEDGE

The user indicated no specialized knowledge or experience that is material to recognized environmental conditions in connection with the property. 4.4 COMMONLY KNOWN OR REASONABLY ASCERTAINABLE INFORMATION

The user provided no commonly known or reasonably ascertainable information available within the local community about the property that is material to recognized environmental conditions in connection with the property. 4.5 VALUATION REDUCTION FOR ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES

No Property valuation reduction related to environmental issues or concerns was reported by the user.

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4.6

OWNER, PROPERTY MANAGER, AND OCCUPANT INFORMATION

The Project is currently owned by South Shore Tahoe, LLC. The Property is currently occupied by Tahoe Shores Mobile Estates, a manufactured home development. Mr. Thomas Castaneda was identified as the Key Site Manager for the Property. 4.7 REASON FOR PERFORMING THE PHASE I ENVIRONMENTAL SITE ASSESSMENT

A Phase I ESA is typically performed to provide landowner liability protections (LLPs) under CERCLA; these protections include the bona fide prospective purchaser liability protection, contiguous property owner liability protection, and innocent landowner defense from CERCLA liability. In addition to satisfying one of the requirements to qualify for an LLP to CERCLA liability, another reason for performing a Phase I Environmental Site Assessment might include the need to understand potential environmental conditions that could materially impact the operation of the business associated with the parcel of commercial real estate. No other reason for the ESA was indicated by the user. 4.8 OTHER

No modifications to the ASTM E 1527-05 standard scope of services were requested by the user for special circumstances that might be encountered at the property.

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5.0

RECORDS REVIEW

The objective of consulting historical sources is to develop a history of the previous uses of the property and surrounding area, in order to help identify the likelihood of past uses having led to recognized environmental conditions in connection with the property. 5.1 STANDARD ENVIRONMENTAL RECORD SOURCES

The regulatory database report prepared by Environmental FirstSearchTM included in Appendix C was reviewed. The provided Report meets or exceeds the regulatory records search requirements of ASTM E 1527-05. Information about the listed sites is included in the following database discussions. Western GeoLogic reviewed the unmappable sites in the database report, cross-referencing addresses and site names. Unmappable sites are environmental risk sites that cannot be plotted with confidence, but can be located by zip code or city name. In general, a site cannot be geocoded because of inaccurate or missing location information in the record provided by the agency. Any identified unmappable site is included in the corresponding database discussion that follows.

· NPL Listing: The National Priorities List is the United States Environmental

Protection Agency (USEPA's) database of confirmed and proposed Superfund sites. Based on review of the regulatory database report, no NPL sites were located within 1.0 mile of the Project.

· CERCLIS Listing: The Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and

Liability Information System database is a compilation of current and potential Superfund sites currently or previously under investigation. Based on review of the regulatory database report, no sites were identified on the CERCLIS database within 0.5 mile of the Project.

· NFRAP Listing: This database contains information regarding archive designated

CERCLA sites that, to the best of EPA's knowledge, assessment has been completed and has determined no further steps will be taken to list this site on the National Priorities List (NPL). This decision does not necessarily mean that there is no hazard associated with a given site; it only means that, based upon available information, the location is not judged to be a potential NPL site. Based on review of the regulatory database report, one NFRAP site was identified within 0.5 mile of the Project:

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o

Desert Elevator, Inc. (Search ID = 1, Map ID = 1) 134 Kahle Drive Distance: 0.33 miles Direction: SE (up gradient of Project) A preliminary assessment was conducted in March 1994 at the former Lake Park Apartments related to a leak of hydraulic oil from elevator equipment. Following the assessment, no further action was required. The building has subsequently been demolished and replaced with a new apartment complex. Desert Elevator is identified as the equipment contractor. Given the results of the subsequent soil remediation (see discussion under State Sites), this NFRAP site is not considered to pose an environmental risk to the Project.

·

RCRA-CORRACTS Listing: The USEPA's Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Corrective Action-sites Listing contains information pertaining to RCRA facilities with reported violations and subject to corrective actions. Based on review of the regulatory database report, no CORRACTS sites were identified within 1.0 mile of the Project.

·

RCRA-TSD Listing: The USEPA's Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Program identifies and tracks hazardous waste from the point of generation to the point of disposal. The RCRA-TSD database is a compilation of facilities licensed to store, treat and dispose of hazardous waste materials. Based on review of the regulatory database report, no sites within 0.5 mile of the Project were identified on the RCRA-TSD database.

·

RCRA-Generator Listing: This is a database of facilities that generate or transport hazardous waste or meet other RCRA requirements. Typical designations include: LGN - Large Quantity Generators, SGN - Small Quantity Generators, and VGN ­ Conditionally Exempt Generators. Based on review of the regulatory database report, no adjoining properties were identified on the RCRIS-Generator listing.

·

ERNS Listing: The Emergency Response Notification System is a database of emergency response actions. Data since January 2001 has been received from the National Response System database as the EPA no longer maintains this data. Based on review of the regulatory database report, no ERNS sites were identified at the Project address.

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·

State/Tribal Site Listing: This database lists NPL and CERCLIS sites where the state regulatory agency has conducted an initial investigation and determined that further action is needed or believes there are potential environmental issues present. Based on review of the regulatory database report, two State Sites were identified within 1.0 mile of the Project:

o

Lake Park Apartments (Search ID = 2 & 3, Map ID = 1) 134 Kahle Drive Distance: 0.33 miles Direction: SE (up gradient of Project) In 1990, a release of hydraulic elevator oil was reported and was reported as closed in 1991. Further impacted soil was remediated and a clean closure was reported in October 2000. The building containing the elevator has subsequently been demolished and replaced with a new apartment complex. Given the results of the remediation and the current regulatory status, this State Site is not considered to pose an environmental risk to the Project.

·

State/Tribal SWL Listing: This database is a comprehensive listing of all State Permitted landfill and/or solid waste disposal site lists. Based on review of the regulatory database report, no sites within 0.5 mile of the Project were identified on the SWF database.

·

State/Tribal Leaking Underground Storage Tank (LUST) Listing: This database lists both active and closed LUST sites identified by the state or other regulatory agency. Based on review of the regulatory database report, no sites were identified within 0.5 mile of the Project on the LUST database.

·

State/Tribal Registered Storage Tank Listing: This database lists Underground Storage Tanks (UST) and Aboveground Storage Tank (AST) registered with the state or other regulatory agency. Based on review of the regulatory database report, no registered USTs were identified at the Project or on any adjoining properties

·

State and Tribal Institutional Control/Engineering Control Registries: An institutional control is a legal or administrative restriction (for example, "deed restrictions," restrictive covenants, easements, or zoning) on the use of, or access to, a site or facility to (1) reduce or eliminate potential exposure to hazardous substances or petroleum products in the soil or ground water on the property, or (2) to prevent activities that could interfere with the effectiveness of a response action, in order to

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ensure maintenance of a condition of no significant risk to public health or the environment. An engineering control involves a physical modifications to a site or facility (for example, capping, slurry walls, or point of use water treatment) to reduce or eliminate the potential for exposure to hazardous substances or petroleum products in the soil or ground water on the property. Based on review of the regulatory database report, no Institutional Control/Engineering Control requirements were identified at the Project address. · State/Tribal Voluntary Cleanup Program (VCP) Listing: The Voluntary Cleanup Program maintains a list of individuals cleaning up contaminated sites without state authority oversight. For a fee, state staff will review an Independent Cleanup Report and issue a written decision regarding the adequacy of the cleanup actions taken. If the actions and results are found satisfactory by the state regulatory agency, a site (or cleanup phase) may receive a No Further Action decision. Based on review of the regulatory database report, no VCP sites were identified within 0.5 miles of the Project. · State and Tribal Brownfield Listing: This database lists recognized abandoned, idled, or underused industrial or commercial facilities where expansion or redevelopment is complicated by real or perceived environmental contamination. Based on review of the regulatory database report, no Brownfield sites were identified within 0.5 miles of the Project. 5.2 ADDITIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL RECORD SOURCES

A Phase I Environmental Site Assessment prepared by Project Resources Inc. dated September 5, 2001 was provided by the user for review. No recognized environmental concerns were identified in the report. 5.3 PHYSICAL SETTING 5.3.1 Topographic Setting

The Project has an average elevation of approximately 6,300 feet above mean sea level. Observations during the site inspection indicated that the land surface of the Project has been graded to provide drainage away from the buildings. Surface water flow in the area is generally to the west.

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5.3.2

Hydrologic Setting

Based on local topography and other physiographic information the regional groundwater flow is anticipated to be toward the west. Local features such as drains and pumps may influence groundwater flow direction; therefore, a complete hydrogeologic investigation would be required to adequately determine groundwater flow direction at the Property. The nearest surface water feature is the Lake Tahoe located adjacent to the west of the Project. 5.3.3 Geologic Setting

The Project is located within the Tahoe Basin of the in the Sierra Nevada Mountains physiographic province. The surficial geology is composed of unconsolidated alluvium and beach sand. 5.3.4 Soils

The U.S. Department of Agriculture Natural Resources Conservation Service prepares and maintains soil surveys that classify soil characteristics and their suitability for agriculture and development. Soil survey descriptions typically represented surface soil conditions, above five feet in depth, and may not be representative of deeper conditions. Subsequent grading, placement of fill, and construction of buildings and roads can alter the original mapped soil profiles. As a result, soil conditions in developed areas may be highly variable. Soil conditions may have a significant influence on the infiltration and migration of contamination. For example, a surface spill onto a permeable sandy soil might pose a greater environmental risk than a similar spill onto a less permeable clay-rich soil. The Soil Survey of Tahoe Basin Area, California and Nevada indicated the Project is located in an area mapped as "Tahoe Complex, 0 to 2 percent slopes" and "Beaches".

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5.4

HISTORICAL USE INFORMATION ON THE PROPERTY

The objective of consulting historical sources is to develop a history of the previous uses of the property and surrounding area, in order to help identify the likelihood of past uses having led to recognized environmental conditions in connection with the property. 5.4.1 Standard Historical Sources

Historic evidence from aerial photographs, Douglas County records, and information from personal knowledge of interviewees was used to establish land use history at the Project at five-year intervals for the period from 1940 to the present. · Aerial Photographs. Available aerial photographs available from the U.S.D.A. Aerial Photography Field Office and U.S. Geological Survey from 1966, 1980, 1998, and 2003 were reviewed to document historic land use. No environmental concerns are visible in the photographs reviewed. Copies of the 1999 and 2003 aerial photographs are included in Appendix A. Fire Insurance Maps. No Sanborn maps coverage was available for the Project area. As a rule, the absence of Sanborn maps for a given area tends to support evidence that the area was not significantly developed before 1940. Property Tax Files. Information from the Douglas County Assessor was reviewed to determine Project ownership history. Recorded Land Title Records. No title documents were available for review by the environmental professional. A user review of title and judicial records indicated no environmental liens or activity and use limitations at the Project. USGS Topographic Maps. A historical U.S. Geological Survey topographic map from 1993 was reviewed and showed the Project developed by the existing mobile home park. Local Street Directories. No historic street directories were available for Stateline, Nevada. · Building Department Records. Building permit files available at the Douglas County Building division were reviewed. No evidence of environmental concerns was identified in the permit file. Zoning/Land Use Records. Douglas County Community Development records were reviewed and indicated the property was approved for use as a mobile home park. No evidence of environmental concerns was identified.

·

· ·

·

·

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No evidence of historical environmental conditions was identified in any of the standard historical sources reviewed. 5.5 HISTORICAL USE INFORMATION ON ADJOINING PROPERTIES

· North. The area to the north of the Project has historically been undeveloped land. · East. The area to the east of the Project was historically undeveloped land until the

1970s when the Lake Park Apartments were constructed. The Lake Park Apartments were razed and new apartment buildings were constructed in 2004.

· South. The area to the south east of the Project was historically undeveloped land until

developed as the University of Nevada's 4-H Camp in the 1950s.

· West. The area to the west east of the Project has historically been undeveloped land

(Lake Tahoe). The historical land use of adjacent properties is not anticipated to pose an environmental risk to the Project.

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6.0

SITE RECONNAISSANCE

Western GeoLogic conducted an on-site Environmental Site Assessment of the Project that consisted of a walk-around observation of the property and interviews with local agency representatives. The weather at the time of the Project inspection on the morning of November 1, 2006 was overcast with temperatures in the 50s (°F). 6.1 METHODOLOGY AND LIMITING CONDITIONS

During the site visit, the property was visually observed and exterior and interior areas of structures were accessed. The site walk was conducted with Mr. Tom Casteneda, the Key Site Manager. Except for the private mobile homes and those surface areas physically covered by buildings or pavement, there were no areas that were unavailable for access. 6.2 GENERAL SITE SETTING

The Project is located in the unincorporated town of Stateline in Douglas County. Land use in the area is a mix of residential and undeveloped land. 6.3 · EXTERIOR OBSERVATIONS Storage Tanks. One 350-gallon AST for diesel fuel is located adjacent to the maintenance shop. The AST has secondary containment and no evidence of leaks or spill was observed. Drums. No drums were identified at the Project. · Pits, Ponds, or Lagoons. No pits, ponds, or lagoons were identified at the Project.

· Stained Soil or Pavement. To the extent visually observed no significant areas of

stained soil or pavement were observed. Areas of minor surface staining were observed in vehicle parking areas. The stained areas appeared to be the result of motor oil from engine leaks that cover areas less than a square foot. Such small quantity stains would be considered a "de minimis"1 condition and not a recognized environmental condition.

· Stressed Vegetation. To the extent visually observed, no areas of stressed vegetation

were identified.

· Solid Waste. Solid waste (non-regulated trash and wood scrap) generated at the

Project and placed in dumpsters is disposed of by South Tahoe Refuse. No evidence of on site landfills or waste disposal was observed.

1

Small drips and spills of less than 25 gallons not required to be reported to a regulatory agency

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· Waste Water. Storm water runoff from paved areas of the site flows onto adjacent

land where it infiltrates into the ground. · Wells. A water well is located at the west end of the Project associated with the KGID pump station. No monitor wells were identified at the Project. Septic Systems. A municipal sewer system serves the Project. No septic tanks or onsite wastewater disposal systems were reported. 6.4 INTERIOR OBSERVATIONS

Accessible common interior areas expected to be used by occupants or the public (such as lobbies, hallways, utility rooms, recreation areas, etc.), maintenance and repair areas, including boiler rooms, and a representative sample of occupant spaces, were visually observed. · Hazardous Substances and Petroleum Products. The Project is not listed as a RCRA generator of hazardous or listed wastes. The Project is not involved in the treatment, storage, and disposal of hazardous, regulated, or medical wastes. Odors. No strong, pungent, or noxious odors were identified or reported. Pools of Liquid. No areas of standing surface water and no evidence of pools or sumps containing liquids likely to be hazardous substances or petroleum products was identified. Drums. No drums were observed. Unidentified Substance Containers. No open or damaged containers containing unidentified substances suspected of being hazardous substances or petroleum products were observed on the property. PCBs. One pad-mounted transformer installed in the 1980s when the KGID pump station was constructed was observed at the Project. No leakage or staining was observed in the area around the transformer. · ·

·

· ·

· ·

Heating/Cooling. The heating and cooling systems are combination gas and electric HVAC units. There is no on-site storage of heating fuel. Stains or Corrosion. No stains or corrosion on floors, walls, or ceilings (except for staining from water) were identified at the Project. Drains and Sumps. No floor drains or sumps were identified at the Project.

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7.0

INTERVIEWS

7.1 INTERVIEW WITH OWNER

Mr. Thomas Casteneda, representing South Tahoe Shores LLC, the Project owner, provided access to the Project during the site inspection and completed the User and Key Site Manager environmental questionnaires (Appendix D). He has been associated with the Project since it was purchased in February 2002. According to Mr. Casteneda, the property was undeveloped land prior to 1970 when it was first developed as a mobile home park. He indicated that the office building and maintenance shop were constructed in 1978 and the KGID pump station building was built on an easement in the 1980s. He said there were no current or previous USTs or pipelines (other than water lines related to the pump station) at the Project. Used oil and batteries from maintenance of equipment is taken off site for disposal at a NAPA Auto Parts store. He said there had been no fires, HAZMAT events, or mold/mildew problems at the site. He was unaware of any environmental problems at the Project or in the area. 7.2 INTERVIEW WITH KEY SITE MANAGER

Mr. Thomas Casteneda was identified as the Key Site Manager. His interview information is included in the Owner section above. 7.3 INTERVIEWS WITH OCCUPANTS

In addition to the Project facilities (office and maintenance shop), there are 148 occupied mobile home spaces. Given the strictly residential nature of the occupants, no interviews were conducted with the residents. This data gap is not considered to be significant. 7.4 INTERVIEWS WITH LOCAL GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS

Ms. Karen Peste, Douglas County Community Development, indicated the property was approved for mobile home park use. She was unaware of any environmental problems in the area. Mr. Rick Nicholson, Tahoe-Douglas Fire Department Fire Marshal, said that he was familiar with the Project and that there were no records of UST-pulls or hazardous materials-related incidents at the Project. 7.5 INTERVIEWS WITH OTHERS

The previous owner's representative, Mr. Michael Gelfand with Terra Vista Management, was interviewed by phone regarding his knowledge of past land use and environmental concerns. He was unaware of any environmental issues at the Project or in the area. The previous owner, Mr. Oliver Kahle, is deceased and was not interviewed. Other evidence indicates the Project was used as a mobile home park during his ownership. This data gap is not considered to be significant.

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8.0

FINDINGS

· Historical Recognized Environmental Conditions No historical recognized environmental conditions were identified at the Project. · Recognized Environmental Conditions No recognized environmental conditions were identified at the Project. · Potential Environmental Conditions No potential environmental conditions were identified at the Project.

9.0

OPINION

It is the opinion of the environmental professional that the findings and conclusions presented in this report are reasonable and prudent, given the evidence as presented. In addition, this inquiry has not identified conditions indicative of releases or threatened releases of hazardous substances that would warrant additional investigation.

10.0 CONCLUSIONS

We have performed a Phase I Environmental Site Assessment in conformance with the scope and limitations of ASTM Practice E 1527 of the Tahoe Shores Mobile Estates facility located at 395 Eugene Drive in Stateline, Nevada, the property. Any exceptions to, or deletions from, this practice are described in Section 2.2 of this report. This assessment has revealed no evidence of recognized environmental conditions in connection with the property.

11.0 DEVIATIONS

Except for any additional services discussed in Section 12.0, no deletions or deviations from the ASTM standard practice were used in preparation of this report.

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12.0 ADDITIONAL SERVICES

Additional environmental considerations beyond the scope of the standard ASTM practice are discussed below. 12.1 ASBESTOS-CONTAINING BUILDING MATERIALS Asbestos is a naturally occurring mineral commonly used as an acoustic insulator, thermal insulation, fire proofing and in other building materials. Most products made today do not contain asbestos. However, until the 1970s, many types of building products and insulation materials used in building construction contained asbestos. When inhaled in sufficient quantities, asbestos fibers can cause serious health problems. The E.P.A. defines an ACM as materials that contain greater than one-percent asbestos as detected by laboratory polarized light microscopy (PLM) analysis. No existing asbestos reports or operations and management plans were provided by the user. No suspect ACM was observed in building materials during the site inspection and no sampling was performed as part of the site inspection. 12.2 LEAD PAINT

Lead is a highly toxic metal that was used for many years in products found in and around our homes. Lead-based paint is more common and was used more extensively in buildings built before 1950. Most homes built before 1978 contain some lead-based paint. In 1978, paint containing more than 0.06 percent lead was banned; however, old stocks of leaded paint were still used for more than a decade. Lead may cause a range of health effects, from behavioral problems and learning disabilities, to seizures and death. Children 6 years old and under are most at risk, because their bodies are growing quickly. No existing lead-based paint asbestos reports or operations and management plans were provided by the user. No sampling for lead paint was conducted. 12.3 LEAD IN WATER

Lead is a metal commonly used in household plumbing materials and water service lines. Lead in drinking water can cause a variety of adverse health effects. In babies and children, exposure to lead in drinking water above the action level can result in delays in physical and mental development, along with slight deficits in attention span and learning abilities. In adults, it can cause increases in blood pressure. Adults who drink this water over many years could develop kidney problems or high blood pressure. The risk for lead ingestion is generally much greater from lead-based paint than from lead in drinking water. Lead is rarely found in source water, but may enter tap water through corrosion of on-site plumbing materials. Homes built before 1986 are more likely to have lead pipes, fixtures and solder. However, new homes are also at risk: even legally "lead-free" plumbing may contain

Western GeoLogic ­ Environmental, Engineering, and Geologic Consultants

Phase I Environmental Site Assessment Tahoe Shores Mobile Estates ­ 395 Eugene Drive ­ Stateline, Nevada November 9, 2006

Page 22 ID No. LA06-21595-A.1

up to 8 percent lead. The most common problem is with brass or chrome-plated brass faucets and fixtures, which can leach significant amounts of lead into the water, especially hot water. The action level for lead concentration in drinking water is 0.015 mg/L (0.015 ppm). According to information from the municipal water supplier, the water quality is tested on a regular basis and meets the requirements as established by the USEPA, state, county, and local authorities for water quality. No sampling or analysis for lead in water was conducted. 12.4 RADON

Radon is an invisible, odorless, radioactive gas produced by the decay of uranium in rock and soil. Radon gas enters a building through cracks in the foundation, areas surrounding drainage pipes, and other openings in the foundation and walls. Buildings with basements and concrete slab foundations are typically more susceptible to elevated radon gas levels than buildings with a crawl space under the ground floor. The radon decay products, once inside a building, may become attached to dust particles and inhaled, or the decayed radioactive particles alone may be inhaled and cause damage to lung tissue. Radon is measured in picocuries per liter of air (pCi/L). The EPA has established the recommended safe radon level at 4 pCi/L. The U.S. EPA and the U.S. Geological Survey have evaluated the radon potential on a county-wide basis as an aid in deciding whether radonresistant features are applicable in new construction. The map assigns each of the 3,141 counties in the U.S. to one of three zones based on radon potential. Each zone designation reflects the average short-term radon measurement that can be expected to be measured in a building without the implementation of radon control methods. According to the USEPA's Map of Radon Zones Douglas County, Nevada is located in High Radon Potential Zone (greater than 4 pCi/L)

Western GeoLogic ­ Environmental, Engineering, and Geologic Consultants

Phase I Environmental Site Assessment Tahoe Shores Mobile Estates ­ 395 Eugene Drive ­ Stateline, Nevada November 9, 2006

Page 23 ID No. LA06-21595-A.1

13.0 REFERENCES

The following documents, maps or other publications may have been utilized specifically in the preparation of this Phase I ESA Report or generally in the development of the report format. References to specific documents may also be provided in appropriate sections of the report. American Society of Testing and Materials, E 1527-05 Standard Practice for Environmental Site Assessments: Phase I Environmental Site Assessment Process, 2005. Environmental First Search report dated October 26, 2006. Soil Survey of Tahoe Basin Area, California and Nevada: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1974. Steward, J.H., and Carlson, J.E., 1978, Geologic map of Nevada: U.S. Geological Survey and Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology, scale 1:500,000. U.S. Department of Agriculture Aerial Photography Field Office, Salt Lake City, Utah (aerial photograph review). U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Map of Radon Zones (EPA-402-R-93-071)

The following web sites may have been accessed to obtain information used in the preparation of this Phase I ESA Report. Aerial Photographs - http://www.terraserver.com/ and http://www.mapquest.com Maps - http://www.topozone.com/ Soil Survey Information - http://soils.usda.gov/soil_survey/pub_sur/main.htm

Western GeoLogic ­ Environmental, Engineering, and Geologic Consultants

Phase I Environmental Site Assessment Tahoe Shores Mobile Estates ­ 395 Eugene Drive ­ Stateline, Nevada November 9, 2006

Page 24 ID No. LA06-21595-A.1

14.0 ENVIRONMENTAL PROFESSIONAL SIGNATURE

I declare that, to the best of my professional knowledge and belief, I meet the definition of Environmental professional as defined in §312.10 of 40 CFR 312 and 12.13.2. I have the specific qualifications based on education, training, and experience to assess a property of the nature, history, and setting of the subject property. I have developed and performed the all appropriate inquiries in conformance with the standards and practices set forth in 40 CFR Part 312. I hereby certify that I am responsible for the services described in this document and for the preparation of this document. The services described in this document have been provided in a manner consistent with the current standards of the profession and to the best of my knowledge comply with all applicable federal, state and local statutes, regulations and ordinances.

Craig V Nelson, P.G. Nevada Certified Environmental Manager # 1975 - expires 5/18/2008

15.0 QUALIFICATIONS OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL PROFESSIONALS

The qualifications of the environmental professionals whose signatures appear in Section 14.0 above are included in Appendix E.

16.0 APPENDICES

Appendix A Appendix B Appendix C Appendix D Appendix E -- Topo Map, Aerial Photos, Historical Documents, Site Plan and Photos -- QA/QC: Specific Issues, Historical Research -- Regulatory Records Documentation -- Interview Documentation and User Provided Information -- Environmental Professional Qualifications and Contractor Certificate

Western GeoLogic ­ Environmental, Engineering, and Geologic Consultants

APPENDIX A

Topographic Map Aerial Photographs/Historical Documents Site Plan Photographic Record

Photographic Record of Site Reconnaissance Tahoe Shores Mobile Estates ­ 395 Eugene Drive ­ Stateline, Nevada RETECHS No. LA06-21595-A.1

North side of Property - Mobile homes along Arthur Drive. East side of Property.

South side of Property ­ Mobile homes along Eugene Drive.

West side of Property ­ Beach area along Lake Tahoe shore.

Adjacent land use to North ­ Rabe Meadows, undeveloped U.S. forest Service land.

Adjacent land use to East ­ Apartments.

Photographic Record of Site Reconnaissance Tahoe Shores Mobile Estates ­ 395 Eugene Drive ­ Stateline, Nevada RETECHS No. LA06-21595-A.1

Adjacent land use to South - University of Nevada 4-H Camp. Adjacent land use to West - Lake Tahoe.

Maintenance building.

Interior of maintenance building,

Paint storage in maintenance building.

350-gallon AST with secondary containment.

Photographic Record of Site Reconnaissance Tahoe Shores Mobile Estates ­ 395 Eugene Drive ­ Stateline, Nevada RETECHS No. LA06-21595-A.1

Office building. KGID's pump station building.

Three concrete filters at KGID pump station.

Pad transformer adjacent to KGID building.

APPENDIX B

QA/QC: Specific Issues QA/QC: Historical Research

QA\QC - Specific Issues

Indicate whether your investigation identified CURRENT OR PAST environmental concerns relating to any of the following specific environmental issues.

Y\N

N1 N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N

Clarifiers Vent Pipes Drums Surface Staining Sumps Ponds Stockpiled Soils Oil or Gas Wells Domestic Water Wells Underground Pipelines Waste Treatment Septic Systems Dry Cleaners Photo Processing Distribution Warehouse High Radon Levels Lead in Water

Issue

Above Ground Storage Tank(s)

Y\N

N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N

Issue

Underground Storage Tank(s) Fill or Evacuation Ports Fuel Islands Other Containers Solid Waste Disposal Pits (surface depression) Lagoons Distressed Vegetation Monitoring Wells Dry Wells Chemical Processes Hazardous Waste Storage Waste Water Discharge Repair or Servicing Facilities Manufacturing Asbestos-Containing Materials Suspect Lead Containing Paint Others

Is\was heating fuel provided by on-site storage fuel oil? On-site use, disposal, treatment, storage, or emission, of significant quantities of hazardous materials or wastes. Evidence of any on-site release of hazardous materials that could impact the subject site? Evidence of any off-site release of hazardous materials that could impact the subject site?

1. One 350-gallon AST for diesel fuel is located adjacent to the maintenance shop. The AST has secondary containment and no evidence of leaks or spill was observed.

QA\QC - Historical Research

The following sources of information were addressed: 2 0 0 6 2 0 0 0 1 9 9 5 1 9 9 0 1 9 8 5 1 9 8 0 1 9 7 0 1 9 6 0 1 9 5 0 1 9 4 0 1 9 3 0 1 9 2 0 1 9 1 0 1 9 0 0

Source

50 Year Chain of Title Aerial Photos Building Department Permits Building Department Plans Planning Department Records Fire Insurance Maps Oil, Gas and Mining Maps Fire Department Records UST Permits and Registrations Street Directories Observation Personal knowledge Interviews Other

X X X

X X X

X X X X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

APPENDIX C

Regulatory Records Documentation

InfoMap

Technologies Incorporated

Environmental FirstSearch Report

TM

TARGET PROPERTY:

ARTHUR DR LAKE VILLAGE NV 89448

Job Number: 0621595A1

PREPARED FOR:

Western Geologic, LLC Craig V Nelson

10-26-06

Tel: (610) 430-7530

Fax: (610) 430-7535

Environmental FirstSearch is a registered trademark of FirstSearch Technology Corporation. All rights reserved.

Environmental FirstSearch Search Summary Report

Target Site: ARTHUR DR LAKE VILLAGE NV 89448 FirstSearch Summary

Database NPL CERCLIS NFRAP RCRA COR ACT RCRA TSD RCRA GEN ERNS State/Tribal Sites State/Tribal SWL State/Tribal LUST State/Tribal UST/AST State/Tribal VCP - TOTALS Sel Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Updated 08-08-06 09-11-06 09-11-06 04-16-06 04-16-06 04-16-06 12-31-05 03-31-06 06-27-02 03-31-06 07-12-06 NA Radius 1.00 0.50 0.50 1.00 0.50 0.25 0.25 1.00 0.50 0.50 0.25 1.00 Site 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1/8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1/4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1/2 0 0 1 0 0 2 0 0 0 3 1/2> 0 0 0 0 0 ZIP 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 TOTALS 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 3

Notice of Disclaimer

Due to the limitations, constraints, inaccuracies and incompleteness of government information and computer mapping data currently available to InfoMap Technologies, certain conventions have been utilized in preparing the locations of all federal, state and local agency sites residing in InfoMap Technologies's databases. All EPA NPL and state landfill sites are depicted by a rectangle approximating their location and size. The boundaries of the rectangles represent the eastern and western most longitudes; the northern and southern most latitudes. As such, the mapped areas may exceed the actual areas and do not represent the actual boundaries of these properties. All other sites are depicted by a point representing their approximate address location and make no attempt to represent the actual areas of the associated property. Actual boundaries and locations of individual properties can be found in the files residing at the agency responsible for such information.

Waiver of Liability

Although InfoMap Technologies uses its best efforts to research the actual location of each site, InfoMap Technologies does not and can not warrant the accuracy of these sites with regard to exact location and size. All authorized users of InfoMap Technologies's services proceeding are signifying an understanding of InfoMap Technologies's searching and mapping conventions, and agree to waive any and all liability claims associated with search and map results showing incomplete and or inaccurate site locations.

Environmental FirstSearch Site Information Report

Request Date: Requestor Name: Standard: 10-26-06 Infomap ASTM-00 ARTHUR DR LAKE VILLAGE NV 89448 Search Type: Job Number: COORD 0621595A1 Filtered Report

TARGET ADDRESS:

Demographics

Sites: Radon: 3

1.9 - 19.1 PCI/L

Non-Geocoded:

0

Population:

NA

Site Location

Degrees (Decimal) Longitude: Latitude: -119.945597 38.974566 Degrees (Min/Sec) -119:56:44 38:58:28 Easting: Northing: Zone: UTMs 244814.053 4317874.095 11

Comment

Comment:SOUTH SHORE TAHOE HOME PARK

Additional Requests/Services

Adjacent ZIP Codes: 1 Mile(s)

ZIP Code City Name ST Dist/Dir Sel

Services:

Requested? Sanborns Aerial Photographs Historical Topos City Directories Title Search/Env Liens Municipal Reports Online Topos No No No No No No No Date

89413 GLENBROOK 89460 GARDNERVILLE 96150 SOUTH LAKE TAHOE

NV 0.00 -- Y NV 0.93 SE N CA 0.68 SW N

Environmental FirstSearch Sites Summary Report

TARGET SITE:

TOTAL: 3 ARTHUR DR LAKE VILLAGE NV 89448 GEOCODED: Site Name/ID/Status

DESERT ELEVATOR, INC. NVD986775955/NFRAP-N LAKE PARK APARTMENTS B-000003 LAKE PARK APARTMENTS B-000161

JOB: 0621595A1 SOUTH SHORE TAHOE HOME PARK

NON GEOCODED: Address

134 KAHLE DR. STATELINE NV 89449 134 KAHLE DRIVE STATELINE NV 134 KAHLE DRIVE STATELINE NV 89449

3

0

SELECTED: Dist/Dir

0.33 SE

3

Page No. DB Type

1 NFRAP

Map ID

1

2

STATE

0.33 SE

1

3

STATE

0.33 SE

1

Environmental FirstSearch Site Detail Report

TARGET SITE:

ARTHUR DR LAKE VILLAGE NV 89448

JOB: 0621595A1 SOUTH SHORE TAHOE HOME PARK

CERCLIS NFRAP

SEARCH ID:

NAME: ADDRESS:

1

DIST/DIR:

0.33 SE

REV: ID1: ID2: STATUS: PHONE:

MAP ID:

7/25/06 NVD986775955 0904789 NFRAP-N

1

DESERT ELEVATOR, INC. 134 KAHLE DR. STATELINE NV 89449

CONTACT: DESCRIPTION: ACTION/QUALITY ARCHIVE SITE AGENCY/RPS EPA In-House

START/RAA

END 03-25-1994

DISCOVERY

EPA Fund-Financed

03-24-1993

PRELIMINARY ASSESSMENT NFRAP (No Futher Remedial Action Planned

EPA Fund-Financed

03-25-1994

Site Details Page - 1

Environmental FirstSearch Site Detail Report

TARGET SITE:

ARTHUR DR LAKE VILLAGE NV 89448

JOB: 0621595A1 SOUTH SHORE TAHOE HOME PARK

STATE

SEARCH ID:

NAME: ADDRESS:

3

DIST/DIR:

0.33 SE

REV: ID1: ID2: STATUS: PHONE: 10/03/00 B-000003

MAP ID:

1

LAKE PARK APARTMENTS 134 KAHLE DRIVE STATELINE NV

CONTACT:

RELEASE INFORMATION Discrete Releases at Facility: Date Release Reported to NDEP: Activity Type: Type of Media Impacted: Type of Container From Which Release Occurred Substance Released: Description of Contaminant: Date of Last Action: Last Action Agency Memo: Date of Next Action: Next Action Memo: Date of Closure: Regulatory Type of Closure: RESPONSIBLE PARTY INFORMATION (if available) Responsible Party Name: Responsible Party Company: Responsible Party Address: Soil Other Other------hydraulic oil hydraulic oil

10/30/2000 Clean w/ Remed

AGENCY TRACKING INFORMATION Petroleum Fund ID Number: NDEP Case Officer: Location of Paper File: State Div of Emergency Management Tracking Number Company of Nevada Certified Manager Conducting Cleanup: Phone Number of Certified Manager Conduction Cleanup: Name of Certified Manager Conducting Cleanup: Address of Certified Manager Conducting Cleanup: , Last Modification of the Discrete Activity: Last NDEP User to Modify a Discrete Activity:

jlukasko NDEP: Carson City

HLA Steve Richey 10/30/2000 JLUKASKO

Site Details Page - 2

Environmental FirstSearch Site Detail Report

TARGET SITE:

ARTHUR DR LAKE VILLAGE NV 89448

JOB: 0621595A1 SOUTH SHORE TAHOE HOME PARK

STATE

SEARCH ID:

NAME: ADDRESS:

2

DIST/DIR:

0.33 SE

REV: ID1: ID2: STATUS: PHONE: 07/06/00 B-000161

MAP ID:

1

LAKE PARK APARTMENTS 134 KAHLE DRIVE STATELINE NV 89449

CONTACT:

RELEASE INFORMATION Discrete Releases at Facility: Date Release Reported to NDEP: Activity Type: Type of Media Impacted: Type of Container From Which Release Occurred Substance Released: Description of Contaminant: Date of Last Action: Last Action Agency Memo: Date of Next Action: Next Action Memo: Date of Closure: Regulatory Type of Closure: RESPONSIBLE PARTY INFORMATION (if available) Responsible Party Name: Responsible Party Company: Responsible Party Address:

9/28/1990

No Impact/Clean Close

Other------elevator hydraulic oil elevator hydraulic oil

1/31/1991 Clean Close

AGENCY TRACKING INFORMATION Petroleum Fund ID Number: NDEP Case Officer: Location of Paper File: State Div of Emergency Management Tracking Number Company of Nevada Certified Manager Conducting Cleanup: Phone Number of Certified Manager Conduction Cleanup: Name of Certified Manager Conducting Cleanup: Address of Certified Manager Conducting Cleanup: , Last Modification of the Discrete Activity: Last NDEP User to Modify a Discrete Activity:

bperkins NDEP: Carson City

12/30/1998 BKELSO

Site Details Page - 3

Environmental FirstSearch Database Descriptions

NPL: EPA NATIONAL PRIORITY LIST - Database of confirmed and proposed Superfund sites. COMPREHENSIVE ENVIRONMENTAL RESPONSE COMPENSATION AND CERCLIS: EPA LIABILITY INFORMATION SYSTEM - Database of current and potential Superfund sites currently or previously under investigation. COMPREHENSIVE ENVIRONMENTAL RESPONSE COMPENSATION AND NFRAP: EPA LIABILITY INFORMATION SYSTEM ARCHIVED SITES - database of Archive designated CERCLA sites that, to the best of EPA's knowledge, assessment has been completed and has determined no further steps will be taken to list this site on the National Priorities List (NPL). This decision does not necessarily mean that there is no hazard associated with a given site; it only means that, based upon available information, the location is not judged to be a potential NPL site. RCRA COR ACT: EPA RESOURCE CONSERVATION AND RECOVERY INFORMATION SYSTEM SITES - Database of RCRA facilities with reported violations and subject to corrective actions. RCRA TSD: RESOURCE CONSERVATION AND RECOVERY INFORMATION SYSTEM EPA TREATMENT, STORAGE, and DISPOSAL FACILITIES. - Database of facilities licensed to store, treat and dispose of hazardous waste materials. RCRA GEN: EPA RESOURCE CONSERVATION AND RECOVERY INFORMATION SYSTEM SITES - Database of facilities that generate or transport hazardous waste or meet other RCRA requirements. LGN - Large Quantity Generators SGN - Small Quantity Generators VGN ­ Conditionally Exempt Generator. Included are RAATS (RCRA Administrative Action Tracking System) and CMEL (Compliance Monitoring & Enforcement List) facilities. ERNS: EPA/NRC EMERGENCY RESPONSE NOTIFICATION SYSTEM - Database of emergency response actions. Data since January 2001 has been received from the National Response System database as the EPA no longer maintains this data. State/Tribal Sites: CA EPA SMBRPD / CAL SITES- The California Department of Toxic Substances Control (DTSC) has developed an electronic database system with information about sites that are known to be contaminated with hazardous substances as well as information on uncharacterized properties where further studies may reveal problems. The Site Mitigation and Brownfields Reuse Program Database (SMBRPD), also known as CalSites, is used primarily by DTSC's staff as an informational tool to evaluate and track activities at properties that may have been affected by the release of hazardous substances. The SMBRPD displays information in six categories. The categories are: 1. CalSites Properties (CS) 2. School Property Evaluation Program Properties (SCH) 3. Voluntary Cleanup Program Properties (VCP) 4. Unconfirmed Properties Needing Further Evaluation (RFE) Please Note: FirstSearch Reports list the above sites as DB Type (STATE). 5. Unconfirmed Properties Referred to Another Local or State Agency (REF) 6. Properties where a No Further Action Determination has been made (NFA) Please Note: FirstSearch Reports list the above sites as DB Type (OTHER). Each Category contains information on properties based upon the type of work taking place at the site. For example, the CalSites database is now one of the six categories within SMPBRD and contains only confirmed sites considered as posing the greatest threat to the public and/or the potential public school sites will be found within the School Property Evaluation Program, and those properties undergoing voluntary investigation and/or cleanup are in the Voluntary Cleanup Program. CORTESE LIST-Pursuant to Government Code Section 65962.5, the Hazardous Waste and Substances Sites List has been compiled by Cal/EPA, Hazardous Materials Data Management Program. The CAL EPA Dept. of Toxic Substances Control compiles information from subsets of the following databases to make up the

CORTESE list: 1. The Dept. of Toxic Substances Control; contaminated or potentially contaminated hazardous waste sites listed in the CAL Sites database. Formerly known as ASPIS are included (CALSITES formerly known as ASPIS). 2. The California State Water Resources Control Board; listing of Leaking Underground Storage Tanks are included (LTANK) 3. The California Integrated Waste Management Board; Sanitary Landfills which have evidence of groundwater contamination or known migration of hazardous materials (formerly WB-LF, now AB 3750). Note: Track Info Services collects each of the above data sets individually and lists them separately in the following First Search categories in order to provide more current and comprehensive information: CALSITES: SPL, LTANK: LUST, WB-LF: SWL State/Tribal Sites: NV DOC CORRECTIVE ACTION CASES- The Bureau of Corrective Actions maintains a list of clean-up evaluations and actions regarding sites with actual or potential contamination that could affect groundwater. This includes various types of sites including those regulated under Nevada State legislation described in detail in the Nevada State web site under legislation section NAC445.226-NAC445.2739. State/Tribal SWL: NV DOC SOLID WASTE LANDFILLS-This division maintains an inventory of various solid waste facilities including open, closed, & permitted landfills, dumps, pesticide sites, and transfer stations. The inventory notes landfill class type and if the site is a private or government facility. State/Tribal SWL: CA IWMB/SWRCB/COUNTY SWIS SOLID WASTE INFORMATION SYSTEM-The California Integrated Waste Management Board maintains a database on solid waste facilities, operations, and disposal sites throughout the state of California. The types of facilities found in this database include landfills, transfer stations, material recovery facilities, composting sites, transformation facilities, waste tire sites, and closed disposal sites. For more information on individual sites call the number listed in the source field.. Please Note: This database contains poor site location information for many sites in the First Search reports; therefore, it may not be possible to locate or plot some sites in First Search reports. WMUDS-The State Water Resources Control Board maintained the Waste Management Unit Database System (WMUDS). It is no longer updated. It tracked management units for several regulatory programs related to waste management and its potential impact on groundwater. Two of these programs (SWAT & TPCA) are no longer on-going regulatory programs as described below. Chapter 15 (SC15) is still an on-going regulatory program and information is updated periodically but not to the WMUDS database. The WMUDS System contains information from the following agency databases: Facility, Waste Management Unit (WMU), Waste Discharger System (WDS), SWAT, Chapter 15, TPCA, RCRA, Inspections, Violations, and Enforcement's. Note: This database contains poor site location information for many sites in the First Search reports; therefore, it may not be possible to locate or plot some sites in First Search reports. ORANGE COUNTY LANDFILLS LIST- A list maintained by the Orange County Health Department. State/Tribal LUST: CA SWRCB/COUNTY LUSTIS- The State Water Resources Control Board maintains a database of sites with confirmed or unconfirmed leaking underground storage tanks. Information for this database is collected from the states regional boards quarterly and integrated with this database. SAN DIEGO COUNTY LEAKING TANKS- The San Diego County Department of Environmental Health maintains a database of sites with confirmed or unconfirmed leaking underground storage tanks within its HE17/58 database. For more information on a specific file call the HazMat Duty Specialist at phone number listed in the source information field. State/Tribal LUST: NV DOC LEAKING UNDERGROUND STORAGE TANKS- This division maintains an inventory of sites with leaking underground storagetanks. It includes sites with tanks under investigation for potentialleaks, confirmed leaks, and those to be closed. WASHOE COUNTY LEAKING UNDERGROUND STORAGE TANKS- This department maintains a list of sites with leaking underground storagetanks. It includes sites with tanks under investigation for potentialleaks, confirmed leaks, and those to be closed or needing emergency action. State/Tribal UST/AST: NV DOC/EPA 9 UNDERGROUND STORAGE TANKS- This division maintains an inventory of underground storage tanks. INDIAN LANDS UST LIST-A listing of underground storage tanks currently on Indian lands under federal jurisdiction. Nevada Indian Lands USTs are administered by US EPA Region 9.

ABOVE GROUND STORAGE TANKS- This division maintains an inventory of sites with above ground storage tanks. For more information regarding specific sites, please call the number listed above. Please Note: AST sites are listed within the UST area of the First Search reports. They can be identified as AST sites by the site ID number. The site ID number islocated in the Site Summary or Site Details section of the report. The site ID notes "AST" before the agency id. State/Tribal UST/AST: CA EPA/COUNTY/CITY ABOVEGROUND STORAGE TANKS LISTING-The Above Ground Petroleum Storage Act became State Law effective January 1, 1990. In general, the law requires owners or operators of AST's with petroleum products to file a storage statement and pay a fee by July 1, 1990 and every two years thereafter, take specific action to prevent spills, and in certain instances implement a groundwater monitoring program. This law does not apply to that portion of a tank facility associated with the production oil and regulated by the State Division of Oil and Gas of the Dept. of Conservation. SWEEPS / FIDS STATE REGISTERED UNDEGROUND STORAGE TANKS- Until 1994 the State Water Resources Control Board maintained a database of registered underground storage tanks statewide referred to as the SWEEPS System. The SWEEPS UST information was integrated with the CAL EPA's Facility Index System database (FIDS) which is a master index of information from numerous California agency environmental databases. That was last updated in 1994. Track Info Services included the UST information from the FIDS database in its First Search reports for historical purposes to help its clients identify where tanks may possibly have existed. For more information on specific sites from individual paper files archived at the State Water Resources Control Board call the number listed with the source information. INDIAN LANDS UNDERGROUND STORAGE TANKS LIST- A listing of underground storage tanks currently on Indian Lands under federal jurisdiction. California Indian Land USTS are administered by US EPA Region 9. CUPA DATABASES & SOURCES- Definition of a CUPA: A Certified Unified Program Agency (CUPA) is a local agency that has been certified by the CAL EPA to implement six state environmental programs within the local agency's jurisdiction. These can be a county, city, or JPA (Joint Powers Authority). This program was established under the amendments to the California Health and Safety Code made by SB 1082 in 1994. A Participating Agency (PA) is a local agency that has been designated by the local CUPA to administer one or more Unified Programs within their jurisdiction on behalf of the CUPA. A Designated Agency (DA) is an agency that has not been certified by the CUPA but is the responsible local agency that would implement the six unified programs until they are certified. Please Note: Track Info Services, LLC collects and maintains information regarding Underground Storage Tanks from majority of the CUPAS and Participating Agencies in the State of California. These agencies typically do not maintain nor release such information on a uniform or consistent schedule; therefor, currency of the data may vary. Please look at the details on a specific site with a UST record in the First Search Report to determine the actual currency date of the record as provided by the relevant agency. Numerous efforts are made on a regular basis to obtain updated records. State/Tribal VCP: CA EPA SMBRPD / CAL SITES- The California Department of Toxic Substances Control (DTSC) has developed an electronic database system with information about sites that are known to be contaminated with hazardous substances as well as information on uncharacterized properties where further studies may reveal problems. The Site Mitigation and Brownfields Reuse Program Database (SMBRPD), also known as CalSites, is used primarily by DTSC's staff as an informational tool to evaluate and track activities at properties that may have been affected by the release of hazardous substances. The SMBRPD displays information in six categories. The categories are: 1. CalSites Properties (CS) 2. School Property Evaluation Program Properties (SCH) 3. Voluntary Cleanup Program Properties (VCP) 4. Unconfirmed Properties Needing Further Evaluation (RFE) 5. Unconfirmed Properties Referred to Another Local or State Agency (REF) 6. Properties where a No Further Action Determination has been made (NFA) Please Note: FirstSearch Reports list the above sites as DB Type VC. Each Category contains information on properties based upon the type of work taking place at the site. The VC category contains only those properties undergoing voluntary investigation and/or cleanup and which are listed in the Voluntary Cleanup Program. RADON: NTIS NATIONAL RADON DATABASE - EPA radon data from 1990-1991 national radon project collected for a variety of zip codes across the United States.

Environmental FirstSearch Street Name Report for Streets within 1 Mile(s) of Target Property

TARGET SITE:

ARTHUR DR LAKE VILLAGE NV 89448

JOB: 0621595A1 SOUTH SHORE TAHOE HOME PARK Street Name

Lake Pky Lake Village Dr Lakeshore Blvd Lakeview Ave Laura Dr Loop Rd Manor Ct Manor Dr Manzanita Ave Manzanita Ct Market St Mc Faul Way Michelle Dr Monroe Dr N Rubicon Cir Nevada St NORTH Rubicon Cir Pine Blvd Ponderosa Dr Pyramid Ct Reno Ave S Rubicon Cir Sage Dr Shady Ln Silver Dr Snowbird Ct SOUTH Rubicon Cir Spooner Ln Squaw Ln Star Ct Stateline Ave Steel Way Tahoma Cir United States Highwa

Street Name

4H Rd 4-H Rd Angora Ct Arthur Dr Aynes Ct Azure Ave Bitler Rd Burke Creek Cir Cascade Ct Cedar Ave Center St Chalet Ct Clubhouse Ave Clubhouse Cir Clubhouse Dr Crescent Dr Crystal Ct De Vaux Ln Deer Run Ct Dorla Ct Echo Ct Echo Dr Elk Ave Elks Ave Elks Point Rd Eugene Dr Faris Ct Glenbrook Ct Gold Hill Rd Hill Rd Holly Ln Irwin Dr John Mason Way Kahle Dr Kingsbury Grade Rd

Dist/Dir

0.13 SW 0.59 SE 0.76 NE 0.00 -0.51 SE 0.94 SW 0.74 NW 0.68 NE 0.60 NE 0.98 SE 0.90 NW 0.64 NE 0.57 NE 0.62 NE 0.59 NE 0.95 SE 0.66 NE 0.95 NE 0.87 SE 0.58 NE 0.72 SE 0.71 SE 0.60 NW 0.95 NW 0.54 NW 0.04 SW 0.45 SE 0.69 NE 0.88 NE 1.00 SW 0.68 NE 0.44 SE 0.76 NW 0.19 SE 0.69 SE

Dist/Dir

0.82 SE 0.53 NE 0.95 SW 0.86 NW 0.54 SE 0.72 SE 0.85 SE 0.88 SE 0.94 SE 0.64 SE 0.92 SE 0.75 NE 0.41 SE 0.92 SE 0.74 NE 0.89 NW 0.74 NE 0.94 SW 0.93 SE 0.72 NE 0.99 NW 0.74 NE 0.93 SE 0.85 SE 0.88 NE 0.71 NE 0.74 NE 0.72 NE 0.70 NE 0.73 NE 0.94 SE 0.86 NE 0.74 NE 0.52 NE

Environmental FirstSearch

1 Mile Radius

ASTM Map: NPL, RCRACOR, STATE Sites

ARTHUR DR, LAKE VILLAGE NV 89448

Source: U.S. Census TIGER Files

Target Site (Latitude: 38.974566 Longitude: -119.945597) ............................. Identified Site, Multiple Sites, Receptor .......................................................... NPL, DELNPL, Brownfield, Solid Waste Landfill (SWL), Hazardous Waste Triballand............................................................................................................ Railroads ........................................................................................................... Black Rings Represent 1/4 Mile Radius; Red Ring Represents 500 ft. Radius

Environmental FirstSearch

.5 Mile Radius

ASTM Map: CERCLIS, RCRATSD, LUST, SWL

ARTHUR DR, LAKE VILLAGE NV 89448

Source: U.S. Census TIGER Files

Target Site (Latitude: 38.974566 Longitude: -119.945597) ............................. Identified Site, Multiple Sites, Receptor .......................................................... NPL, DELNPL, Brownfield, Solid Waste Landfill (SWL), Hazardous Waste Triballand............................................................................................................ Railroads ........................................................................................................... Black Rings Represent 1/4 Mile Radius; Red Ring Represents 500 ft. Radius

Environmental FirstSearch

.25 Mile Radius

ASTM Map: RCRAGEN, ERNS, UST

ARTHUR DR, LAKE VILLAGE NV 89448

Source: U.S. Census TIGER Files

Target Site (Latitude: 38.974566 Longitude: -119.945597) ............................. Identified Site, Multiple Sites, Receptor .......................................................... NPL, DELNPL, Brownfield, Solid Waste Landfill (SWL), Hazardous Waste Triballand............................................................................................................ Railroads ........................................................................................................... Black Rings Represent 1/4 Mile Radius; Red Ring Represents 500 ft. Radius

APPENDIX D

Interview Documentation User Provided Information

APPENDIX E

Environmental Professional Qualifications Certificate of Environmental Contractor

WESTERN GEOLOGIC, LLC

CRAIG V. NELSON, P.G.

Title Expertise Principal Engineering Geologist Environmental Due Diligence Engineering Geology Groundwater Geology Environmental Geology Geologic Hazards Litigation Support M.B.A., Eccles School of Business, University of Utah, 1991 M.S., Geology, Utah State University, 1986 B.S., Geology, Utah State University, 1982 Professional Geologist ­ Utah No. 5251804, California No. 4806 Certified Engineering Geologist ­ California No. 1585 Certified Environmental Manager ­ Nevada No. 1975 Registered Environmental Assessor I ­ No. 07917 Onsite Wastewater Systems Level I and II Qualified No. 0265-2002-OT12 Groundwater and Soil Sampler Certificate No. GS1399 Certified EPA/AHERA Asbestos Inspector No. 220765 Mr. Nelson has over 20 years of experience managing a wide variety of environmental and engineering geology projects. His expertise in geologic hazards mapping, analysis and mitigation stem from successful completion of numerous geologic hazard studies, fault and seismic investigations, rockfall probability assessments, landslide and debris flow studies, and slope stability projects. He has completed geologic studies and risk analysis for engineered structures, public facilities, subdivisions, dams, highways, and corridors throughout the western U.S. and Canada. Mr. Nelson also has experience in engineering geology for surface and underground mining as well as economic evaluation of mineral deposits including metallic minerals, coal, sand and gravel, and other industrial minerals. His environmental and hydrogeology work has included subsurface site characterizations, soil-gas surveys, Phase I Environmental Site Assessments, Transaction Screen analyses, and soil and groundwater remediation projects involving a variety of contaminants and remediation technologies. He has provided expert witness and third-party review services in a number of geology and groundwater related cases. Environmental Site Assessments · Directed, reviewed, or conducted hundreds of Phase I Environmental Site Assessments and Transaction Screens for a variety of commercial and industrial facilities throughout the western U.S. (Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Nebraska, New Mexico, North Dakota, Montana, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Washington, Wyoming), as well as Ireland, Scotland, Great Britain, and Singapore. Groundwater Studies & Phase II Site Characterizations · Project manager for environmental site assessment of property down gradient from chemical leach ponds at a Salt Lake City chemical company. · Managed and directed numerous Phase II environmental site characterizations to determine extent and magnitude of soil and ground water contamination. · Conducted soil-gas screening surveys to determine if there was evidence of soil/groundwater contamination on site with evidence of historic underground storage

Western GeoLogic ­ Environmental, Engineering, and Geologic Consultants

Academic Background

Registration and Certifications

Experience

Craig V. Nelson, P.G.

tanks. Professional History

page 2

Principal Engineering Geologist, Western GeoLogic, Salt Lake City, UT (2001-present) V.P. Operations Manager, URS Corporation, Salt Lake City, UT (2000-2001) V.P. Managing Principal-In-Charge, Dames & Moore, Salt Lake City, UT (1997-2000) Sr. Geologist - Geoscience Manager, Dames & Moore Salt Lake City, UT (1995-97) Sr. Engineering Geologist, Delta Geotechnical Consultants, Salt Lake City, UT (1992-95) County Geologist, Salt Lake County Public Works, Salt Lake City, UT (1985-92) Teaching and Research Assistant, Utah State University, Logan, UT (1983-85) Staff Engineering Geologist, Seegmiller International, Salt Lake City, UT (1981-83)

Professional Awards

American Planning Association, 1991 Award of Merit in recognition of achievement in information technology made to the state of Utah for the Earthquake Awareness and Hazard Mitigation Video. American Planning Association: 1990 Award of Merit for development of Salt Lake County's Natural Hazards Ordinance. U.S. Geological Survey: 1989 Certificate of Appreciation for implementation of measures to reduce losses due to earthquakes in Utah.

Professional Affiliations

Utah Geological Survey, Board Member and Chair (1997-2005) Utah Geologic Association Utah State University Department of Geology Advisory Board University of Utah Geological Engineering Advisory Board Salt Lake School District Seismic Committee (1989-1992) Geological Review Committee, Nuclear Repository Waste Siting Study, Davis/Lavender Canyons, Utah (1982-1983) United States

Citizenship Countries Worked In Language Proficiency

United States, Canada, Jamaica

English

Western GeoLogic ­ Environmental, Engineering, and Geologic Consultants

Certificate of Environmental Contractor

1. Firm Name: Project Consultant: Address: Telephone: Fax: 2. Project Address: Western Geologic, LLC Craig V Nelson 74 North N Street Salt Lake City, UT 84103 801-359-7222 1 801-359-2730 Tahoe Shores Mobile Estates 395 Eugene Drive Stateline, Nevada 89449

I (we) certify that regarding the above referenced project and/or environmental assessment work: 3. That our environmental assessment work herein has been prepared in accordance with generally recognized industry standards, as described and specified in the report(s) we prepared. 4. Regarding the property seller and/or purchaser (choose one): X Our firm does not now, nor has it ever had, any affiliation, nor have we ever done any work for the buyer or seller of the property to the best of our knowledge. Our firm has had either an affiliation or done work for the buyer or seller as is described in the attached sheet. 5. For your information, attached (or included in the report(s)) are the following items: A. Background information on the consulting company including · · · Firm resume Firm certification/licenses held Firm membership in related professional organization(s)

B. Current resume on main consultants/employees performing the assessment and preparing the report. C. A short description and or binder/certificate of any environmental/professional errors and omissions/liability insurance held by the firm. D. Attachment regarding #4 above (if applicable). This is certified as true and correct to the best of my (our) knowledge. The above information (and attachments) are subject to penalty for false statements under 18 U.S.C. section 1001.

Environmental Contractor: ____________________________ Date: November 9, 2006 Craig V Nelson

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