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Stellar Theory

Grade Level: Time Required: Countdown: English Writing Paper Pens 5-8 Four class periods

Suggested Teks 6.13 7.13 8.13 7.13 8.13 7.13 8.13 6.2 7.2 8.2 6.2 7.2 8.2 Suggested SCANS Information. Acquire and evaluates information. National Science and Math Standards Science in Inquiry, Life Science, Physical Science, Earth and Space Science, History & Nature of Science, Computation, Measurement, Reasoning, Observing, Communicating Math English - 5.19 Science - 5.3 Art Computer 5.13 6.13 6.13 5.2 5.2

Science - Assorted Candies Varied Sizes: Nerds Red Hots Gum Balls Malted Milk Balls Mini Chocolate Chips Math - Metric Ruler Graph Paper Ignition:

M & M's Butterfinger Dots Junior Mints Jawbreakers Glue Metric Tape Measure

Our solar system is made up of the sun and all of the planets and other small bodies including moons, comets, and asteroids. The planets and other small bodies are influenced by the sun's gravity.

Liftoff: Divide students into ten groups. Have each group research the following topics. We are particularly interested in size, number of moons, distance to the next planet, etc. Students will write a paper and do an oral presentation to the class about their research. Sun Earth Jupiter Mercury Neptune Pluto Uranus Venus Saturn Mars

A good web site for research is: http://seds.lpl.arizona.edu/nineplanets/nineplanets/

SpaceExplorers http://www.tsgc.utexas.edu/spaceexplorers/ Space Exploration: Stellar Theory Texas Space Grant Consortium http://www.tsgc.utexas.edu/ Texas Space Grant Consortium e-mail [email protected] 13

Using the knowledge gained in English, students will use candy to represent the size of various planets by gluing candy piece onto the correct planet. Which planet is the smallest? Which planet is the largest? Mercury Venus Earth . .l

l

Mars

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l

Jupiter

l

l

l l .

Saturn

Uranus Neptune Pluto

Have each student blow up a balloon to 15 centimeters in diameter. Have the balloon represent the Sun. Explain that the size of the actual Sun is 10,000,000,000 times larger than their model. Learn the order of the planets my memorizing this sentence: My Very Educated Mother Just Served Us Nine Pizzas! Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, Pluto

SpaceExplorers http://www.tsgc.utexas.edu/spaceexplorers/ Space Exploration: Stellar Theory Texas Space Grant Consortium http://www.tsgc.utexas.edu/ Texas Space Grant Consortium e-mail [email protected]

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Math students will draw a graph that explains: ® Differences in the size of the planets ® Distances between each planet ® The percentage of the planets that are large compared to those that are small in the solar system ® Make a chart of the planets showing diameter, distance, and force of gravity in English units. Convert to metric measurements. Why is it important that we record units of measure? More Ideas ... ÿ Design a travel brochure or video to the planet they researched. This could be a Computer, Art, English, or Journalism project. ÿ Make a model of the solar system. Students should recall that each planet orbits the Sun on different paths and at different speeds. Some planets even orbit in different planes. ÿ Bring objects from home, other than candy, to model the solar system for a broader understanding of the scale concept. Example: fruit (orange, kiwi, berries, etc.) or sport balls (golf, baseball, basketball, etc.) Student should determine which item represents which planet/sun. ÿ Research Jupiter and its moons and develop a scale model. ÿ Search the Internet for the overview of space history. ÿ Draw a time line related to space events during the past thirty (30) years. ÿ Visit http://observe.ivv.nasa.gov/nasa/fun/concentrate/concentration.html and play Space Concentration

SpaceExplorers http://www.tsgc.utexas.edu/spaceexplorers/ Space Exploration: Stellar Theory Texas Space Grant Consortium http://www.tsgc.utexas.edu/ Texas Space Grant Consortium e-mail [email protected]

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