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A Family of Laser and Phase Doppler Measurement Systems Providing Unmatched Flexibility and Patented Technology

F L U I D

M E C H A N I C S

Size and Velocity Measurement Systems

TRUST. SCIENCE. INNOVATION.

TSI Meets Your

Versatility Accuracy Ease of Use Robustness

These are qualities that our customers look for in a Phase Doppler Particle Analyzer (PDPA) or Laser Doppler Velocimeter (LDV) instrument

Innovation

Broad-based innovation is required to maintain our market-leading position. Innovation is borne out by patents. TSI systems include concepts and ideas that are covered by four separate patents. TSI developed several patented signal processing schemes, including the first digital Doppler signal processors, SNR based burst detection, burst centering, and the most innovative of all--Dynamic Sampling Rate Optimization. TSI not only leads the pack in signal processor development, but in optics as well. We introduced fiber-optic technology for transmitter and receiver systems, we originated the single receiver three-detector receiver probe, and TSI continues to have the most efficient optical probes made. This gives you, the user, better quality data and more of it.

Quality vs. Quantity

It is not good enough to churn out the largest volume of data without regard for the quality of measurements we are acquiring. That is why TSI has always stressed the importance of data validation. With TSI PDPA and LDV systems, data must pass multiple validation steps in both hardware and software. For droplet sizing, phase validation as well as patented Intensity Validation assure the user of reliable measurements and sound conclusions.

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FLUID MECHANICS Size and Velocity Measurement Systems

Measurement Needs

Velocity Measurement

Measurement Need

Supersonic flows Low speed flows with occasional spray measurements Velocity and turbulence inside an IC engine

TSI Solution

FSA4000 based LDV system with TR 60 series transceiver probe FSA3500 based LDV system with TR 60 series transceiver and RV 70 series PDPA receiver FSA3500 based LDV system with air-cooled laser, TR 10 series probe, and EP-12 or EP-14 IC Engine Adaptor FSA4000 based LDV system with TR 60 series transceiver probe and XPD60 beam expander FSA3500 based LDV system with submersible stainless steel probes

Large scale wind tunnel flows

Water channel flows

Particle Size Measurement

Measurement Need

Medical inhaler spray

TSI Solution

FSA3500 based PDPA system with TM 50 series transmitter and RV 70 series PDPA receiver probe FSA3500 based PDPA system with TM 50 series transmitter, beam expander, and RV 70 series PDPA receiver probe FSA3500 based PDPA system with TM 50 series transmitter and RV 70 series PDPA receiver probe FSA4000 based PDPA system with TM 50 series transmitter probe, beam expander, and RV 100 series receiver probe

Slurry spray (fluid is not transparent)

Bubbly flow

Automotive fuel spray

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FLUID MECHANICS Size and Velocity Measurement Systems

Measurements that

Problem

We are all concerned about the environment we live in, and the finite supply of petroleum and other resources. TSI PDPA and LDV systems are designed to solve problems. Whether it is a flow efficiency problem, a noise emission problem, energy conversion problem, an efficiency problem, or a host of other issues related to flow and particle sizing research in today's fast-paced energy-conscious world, TSI LDV and PDPA systems can help find the solution. Our systems help solve problems like the following: Will this spray burn faster and cleaner? What are the characteristics of this turbulent flow? Does this nozzle generate smaller droplets? Does acoustic excitation cause more efficient combustion? Are large droplets surviving combustion? How does this bio-organism propel itself so efficiently? Does the catalyst flow have any recirculation zones? What is the minimum spray volume?

Your measurements need to answer questions and that is what we will partner with you to do.

Solution

TSI engineers realize that ease-of-use, robustness, simplicity, and accuracy all combine to make the best LDV or PDPA system. Our LDV and PDPA systems are designed to get you up and running quickly, and require very little maintenance. For example, TSI's PDPA receiver probes have no internal moving parts. Measured parameters are at your fingertips with customizable plots and statistics. System flexibility is a must, to permit measurements in a wide variety of configurations. TSI offer a variety of lenses, beam expanders, and other optics to let you match the TSI system to your measurement needs.

Help Along the Way

Along with knowledgeable sales and application engineers, TSI customers have access to twice-yearly workshops and training, full color user manuals, tutorials, a library of FAQs and technical notes. We have full-time phone support from a professional and courteous staff. TSI even has expert measurement alliance partners to help with contract measurements and on-site training.

Solve Problems

Courtesy of Jonathan Colby, Georgia Institute of Technology, 2006

Turbulence Measurements in a Combustor

Spray Measurements

Flux of Fuel Spray

Variation of Droplet Size with Location

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FLUID MECHANICS Size and Velocity Measurement Systems

Courtesy of Jonathan Colby, Georgia Institute of Technology, 2006

LDV and

LDV Systems that Fit Your Measurement Needs

TSI Laser Doppler systems are designed to excel at the widest variety of flow measurements. There is no one-size-fits-all solution to velocity and turbulence measurement needs. TSI will work with you to select the best LDV system configuration for your needs.

For two-component (2D) measurements of small to medium size flows, we would recommend a LDV system with the following components:

Light Source: LA300 Laser and FBL-2 Multicolor Beam Generator TR260 Transceiver Probe Signal Processor Package: FSA3500-2 and PDM1000-2 Model 6390A Personal Computer with FLOWSIZER System Software

For three-component (3D) measurements of large-scale flows, we would recommend a LDV system with the following components:

Light Source: LA6000 Laser and FBL-3 Multicolor Beam Generator TR260 Transceiver Probe with XPD60 Beam Expander TR160 Transceiver Probe with XPD60 Beam Expander Signal Processor Package: FSA4000-3 and PDM1000-3 Model 6390A Personal Computer with FLOWSIZER System Software

For two-component (2D) measurements of large-scale flows, we would recommend a LDV system with the following components:

Light Source: LA6000 Laser and FBL-2 Multicolor Beam Generator TR260 Transceiver Probe with XPD60 Beam Expander Signal Processor Package: FSA3500-2 and PDM1000-2 Model 6390A Personal Computer with FLOWSIZER System Software

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FLUID MECHANICS Size and Velocity Measurement Systems

PDPA Systems

PDPA Systems that Fit Your Measurement Needs

TSI Phase Doppler systems are being used every day to measure a wide variety of spray and particle fields. Like LDV, there is no one-size-fits-all solution to particle size measurements. We will work with you to select the best PDPA system configuration for your needs. Upgradeability is designed into TSI systems, so rest assured your system can grow as your measurement needs grow.

For one-component (1D) measurements of small to medium size sprays, your PDPA system will have the following components:

Light Source: LA300 Laser and FBL-1 Multicolor Beam Generator TM150 Transmitter Probe RV1070 Receiver Probe Signal Processor Package: FSA3500-1P and PDM1000-1P Model 6390A Personal Computer with FLOWSIZER System Software

For three-component (3D) measurements of size and velocity, including high-speed flows, we would recommend a combined PDPA/LDV system with the following components:

Light Source: LA6000 Laser and FBL-3 Multicolor Beam Generator TR260 and TR160 Transceiver Probes RV3070 Receiver Probe Signal Processor Package: FSA4000-3P and PDM1000-3P Model 6390A Personal Computer with FLOWSIZER System Software

For two-component (2D) measurements of steady sprays we would recommend a PDPA system with the following components:

Light Source: LA300 Laser and FBL-2 Multicolor Beam Generator TM250 Transmitter Probe with XPDN50-I Beam Expander RV2070 Receiver Probe Signal Processor Package: FSA3500-2P and PDM1000-2P Model 6390A Personal Computer with FLOWSIZER System Software

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FLUID MECHANICS INSIGHT 3G S o f t w a r e P l a t f o r m

LDV and PDPA

Lasers

LDV and PDPA systems rely on a laser light source to generate the fringe pattern used for measurement. Whether you require compact size or high power, TSI can supply a laser system that meets your needs. Lasers supplied by TSI are built by industry leading laser manufacturers, proven by years of heavy usage, and built to TSI specifications for excellent beam quality and stable power output. Choose the LA300 Laser system for a compact, general purpose light source that does not require water cooling or three-phase power supply. This laser has a remote ducted cooling fan, offers quick warmup and very stable beam alignment. TSI offers several water-cooled lasers for specialized applications. The LA70-2 is our entry-level water-cooled laser, for applications needing more optical power than the LA300. Choose the LA6000 laser when you need more power for large wind tunnels, dense sprays, or underwater applications. The LA6000 laser has a rated output of 5W, and is our most popular water-cooled laser. It offers easy operation, steady long-term operation, and the best cost/performance ratio. Select the LA90-5 laser when your application demands a highly stable laser with 5W of total beam power.

Laser Model

LA300

Benefits

Compact, portable, and easy to use. The LA300 is designed for one-and two-component LDV and PDPA applications, with working distance under 500mm. Not recommended for long stand-off applications, dense sprays. Entry level water-cooled laser for one and two component systems. The LA70-5 offers higher output power level of 5W. Most popular water-cooled laser for general purpose LDV and PDPA measurements. Recommended for threecomponent systems, high-speed flows, and other advanced applications where laser power is important. This laser offers better thermal stability than the LA70-5. Comparable in performance to the LA6000.

LA70-2, LA70-5 LA6000

LA90-5

System Components

FiberlightTM

Choosing the right Fiberlight is easy--just select the model corresponding to the number of velocity components you will measure. Expandability is designed in. If you decide to add additional velocity components later, the Fiberlight is ready for expansion. The Fiberlight is compact, stable, and ergonomically designed, with no complicated height or tilt adjustments required. Alignment is easy and straightforward. The Fiberlight comes with CPL2001 fiber couplers that help ensure maximum repeatable light transmission.

Fiberlight Model Applications

FBL-1 FBL-2 FBL-3 Fiberlight Model FBL-3 One-component LDV and PDPA systems Two-component LDV and PDPA systems Three-component LDV and PDPA systems

Signal Processors

The signal processor is the heart of your LDV or PDPA system. It includes the highest level of hardware and software technology, based on decades of TSI research, expertise, and patented concepts. The FSA is a remarkable combination of several noteworthy features, all designed to give you the most reliable data even under the toughest measurement conditions. High Doppler frequency limit--For dense sprays and high-speed flows Eight-bit sampling--For improved accuracy in poor SNR conditions Frequency domain burst detection--A patented scheme that detects bursts based on the real-time SNR level, not simply burst amplitude Dynamic burst centering--For improved accuracy by extracting data from only the best quality portion of each signal Dynamic sampling rate selection--A patented method of providing the best resolution in size and velocity by automatically selecting the best sampling rate for

each and every Doppler burst, based on the frequency detected during burst detection Intensity validation--A patented scheme that is integrated in every TSI PDPA system at the electronics level, to provide a totally independent (not based on phase) means of validating the measured particle diameter Firmware based processing--For the most flexible application of complex processing algorithms FireWire® based data transfer--For easy connectivity and data security, even to laptop computers

Choose the FSA3500 for low speed flows, water flows, medical sprays, sprinklers, and general purpose flows and sprays. Choose the FSA4000 for high speed air flows, dense sprays and flows, pulsed fuel sprays, supersonic wind tunnels, combustion applications, and other advanced applications.

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FLUID MECHANICS Size and Velocity Measurement Systems

LDV and PDPA System

Signal Processor

FSA3500

Benefits

Good cost/performance ratio for general LDV measurements. Has all the patented features of the FSA4000, but suitable for lower speed flows, typically under 100m/s. High-speed signal processor for LDV. The FSA4000 has the power and speed required by high-speed flows. Economical choice for general PDPA measurements. Has all the patented features of the FSA4000, but suitable for lower speed sprays and flows, typically under 100m/s. High-speed signal processor for PDPA. The FSA4000 has the power and speed required by dense sprays, high-speed flows, small beam waist situations, and specialized applications with short transit times or poor SNR signals.

FSA4000 FSA3500 P

FSA4000 P

PDM1000 Detector Module

EIC External Input Box

FSA4000 Signal Processor

Photo-Detector Modules (PDM)

The Photo-Detector Module (PDM) converts optical signals to electronic signals and conditions them for the FSA. All optics are contained within a unique interchangeable "Light Bar" to make it quick and easy to switch between LDV mode and PDPA mode. The PDM is compact and easy to hook up, requiring no alignment.

PDM Type

PDM1000 PDM1000 P PDM1000 LP

Applications

LDV systems PDPA systems Combination LDV and PDPA systems

Components

FLOWSIZERTM System Software

FLOWSIZER is simply the most complete, easy-to-use, software package for LDV and PDPA systems. FLOWSIZER includes the entire software package, including graphics, particle sizing, traverse control, power spectrum, and data export. With TSI, there are never any software add-ons to buy ­ you are never left unable to maximize a system's capability simply because you need to buy yet another software add-on. TSI set the standard in mouse-based graphical laser Doppler and phase Doppler software, with the FINDTM and DataViewTM software packages. Intensity Validation (patented* by TSI) has always been an important part of TSI Phase Doppler Particle Analyzer software. FLOWSIZER continues this tradition by offering flexible user-defined graphs, user-defined statistics windows, and user-defined traverse scans. FLOWSIZER, designed for Windows XP, also offers full rotating machinery support, with user-defined bin averaging of all the major measured variables. FLOWSIZER's traverse support includes drivers for several popular traverse systems and includes a unique "Sweep-Capture" function that sweeps through the spray and simultaneously acquires data. For better compatibility with numerical modeling, FLOWSIZER includes several diameter fitting routines, including Rosin-Rammler, Log-Normal, and Nukiyama-Tanasawa. Fully integrated Probe Volume Correction (PVC) and Intensity Validation make FLOWSIZER the front-runner for accuracy in volume flux, concentration and volume statistics. No other software comes close to FLOWSIZER.

* US Patent 4986659

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FLUID MECHANICS Size and Velocity Measurement Systems

Fiber Optic Probes

Transceiver and Transmitter Probes

Choosing the right probe for your application could not be easier. From large to small, TSI has the probe for your application. Most LDV applications use the TR 60 series probes, since they are robust, versatile, economical, and compatible with our XPD60 beam expander. TR160 and TR260 are available in standard as well as submersible stainless steel versions. The TR360 is a three-component probe, able to measure all three velocity components. Most PDPA applications use the TM 50 series transmitter probe for its versatility and compatibility with the internal XPD 50 series beam expanders. Special applications require the use of our compact 25mm diameter TR 20 series probe, or miniature 15mm diameter TR 10 series probe. Please refer to the Fiber Optic Probes for PDPA/LDV Systems brochure for more details.

Courtesy Prof. William Asher and Trina Litchendorf, Applied Physics Laboratory, University of Washington

TR 10 Series Transceiver Probe TR 20 Series Transceiver Probe

TM 50 Series Transceiver Probe

TR 60 Series Transceiver Probe

Transceiver and Transmitter Probes Probe

TR 10 Series TR 20 Series TR 50 Series

Benefits

Compact, sealed, water-tight probe for "in-flow" applications and for use with the TSI IC Engine Adaptor. Sealed stainless probes for use in air or under water. The best probe for PDPA systems. Large selection of lenses and fully compatible with internal 2.0x beam expander/0.5x beam contractor. TM 50 probes can also be used with the XPD50E external beam expander to measure dense sprays. Heavy-duty precision probe mount is included. The most popular choice for an LDV probe. Wide selection of focusing lenses available. Large 61mm collection aperture for better data rates. Heavy-duty precision probe mount is included.

TR 60 Series

Receiver Probes

PDPA receiver probes are an important part of your PDPA system. Selection of the best probe is made easier because the RV 70 series receiver has all of the most-needed features designed-in. For specialized applications dealing with very small particles and dense sprays, the extended range and large aperture of the RV 100 series probe is recommended.

Probe

RV 70 Series RV 100 Series

Applications

General purpose receiver for most sizing applications. Dense sprays, long stand-off, or small particle applications.

RV 100 Series PDPA Receiver RV 70 Series PDPA Receiver

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FLUID MECHANICS Size and Velocity Measurement Systems

LDV and PDPA

Traverses

TSI Traverse Systems are used for capturing size and velocity profiles in a flow with FLOWSIZERTM software-based LDV or phase Doppler systems. The T3D/T3DE traverse offers complete versatility, allowing the probes to scan in the XYZ directions, without needing to change the traverse hardware configuration. The T3DL offers longer travel in all three directions, and the T3DH offers extra heavy-load carrying capacity. The "E" designates 220~240VAC supply voltage. All traverses include a hand-held remote for easy set up and are compatible with FLOWSIZER'sTM "Sweep Capture" mode.

Traverse Model Number

T1D, T2D, T3D, T1DE, T2DE, T3DE, T1DE, T3DE T3DL, T3DLE T3DH, T3DHE

Benefits

Most popular traverses, with 1, 2, or 3 axes of motion. "E" designates 240VAC model. Extended traverse travel to over 1m in all three directions. Heavy duty traverse for large U-Rail systems.

Optical Accessories

TSI offers a complete line of accessories to help you get the most out of your PDPA or LDV system. The 6390A is a specially configured computer that assures quick start-up and efficient data collection (supplied locally outside the USA). Our 900702 Laser Power Meter offers a sensitive detector head as well as both analog and digital readouts. The EB and EIC allow increased connectivity to your FSA signal processor by combining analog, digital, shaft encoder, and reset signals with your measured data.

Model Number

6390A

Benefits

Desktop PC that is customized for use with all FSA based LDV and PDPA systems. FLOWSIZERTM comes preinstalled and tested. This power meter has analog and digital readouts for the best in accuracy and ease-of-use. All you need to begin taking data with rotating or repetitive events. The EB allows analog and reset type signals to be interfaced to the FSA, while the EIC also allows digital and shaft encoder type signal connectivity.

900702 EB, EIC

System Accessories

Seed Particles and Generators

The correct choice of seed particles is critical to the successful execution of LDV experiments. Thus, TSI offers a full range of seed particles to satisfy even the most difficult measurement requirements. Available seed particles include silicon carbide, nylon, polystyrene, titanium dioxide, and silver-coated glass, to name a few. When particle generation is more cost-effective and experimentally compatible, you have a wide choice of TSI particle generators.

Model

900805 10081 10084 100815A 10086A 10087 10089 10089-SLVR 9302 9306 9307 9307-6 9308

* PSL = Polystyrene Latex

Type

Dye-Impregnated PSL Particles* Silicon Carbide Particles Nylon Particles PSL Particles* Titanium Dioxide Particles Metallic Coated Particles Hollow Glass Beads Silver Coated Hollow Glass Beads Single Jet Atomizer Six Jet Atomizer Laskin Nozzle Aerosol Generator Six-jet Laskin Nozzle Aerosol Generator Large-scale Fog Generator

Applications

Popular choice for micro-PIV measurements Combustion, high-temperature, or reactive flows General liquid flows with lower velocities Suitable for general measurements in liquid flows Combustion, high-temperature, or reactive flows Yields strong signals in liquid flows Reactive liquid flows, other liquid flows A favorite for liquid flows Useful for checking alignment and small scale flows Small to medium scale flows, including IC engines Mid-range wind tunnels and other medium scale flows Large scale flows and wind tunnels Large scale flows and open-loop wind tunnels

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FLUID MECHANICS Size and Velocity Measurement Systems

Specifications

Minimum Velocity -150m/s typical Maximum Velocity >1000m/s with FSA4000 Signal Processor Maximum Sample Rate 400MHz (FSA3500) or 800MHz (FSA 4000) Maximum Data Rate 100kHz Minimum Diameter 0.5µm Maximum Diameter ~4mm with XPD50 series beam expander PDPA Receiver Angle ~30 deg or ~150deg for refraction typical User-friendly software calculation of slope factor for all possible angles Particle Type Specular (smooth) and spherical, transparent or opaque Upgradeability Upgrade path from 1D LDV to 3D PDPA Components Up to three: 1D, 2D, 3D Amperage 1.5A @ 100~120VAC, 0.8A @ 220~240VAC Voltage 100 ~ 240 VAC Operating Temperature 0 ~ 40 deg C

TSI Incorporated serves a global market by investigating, identifying and solving measurement problems. As an industry leader in the design and production of precision instruments, TSI partners with research institutions and customers around the world to set the standard for measurements relating to aerosol science, air flow, indoor air quality, fluid dynamics and biohazard detection. With headquarters based in the U.S. and field offices throughout Europe and Asia, TSI has established a worldwide presence in the markets we serve. Every day, our dedicated employees turn research into reality.

TSI Incorporated - 500 Cardigan Road, Shoreview, MN 55126-3996

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USA

Website: www.tsi.com Website: www.tsiinc.co.uk Website: www.tsiinc.fr Website: www.tsiinc.de Website: www.tsi.se

TRUST. SCIENCE. INNOVATION.

Contact your local TSI Distributor or visit our website www.tsi.com for more detailed specifications.

P/N 5001100 Rev A Copyright © 2007 by TSI Incorporated Printed in U.S.A.

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