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Huntswood Farm House, Mill Lane, Hurley, Berkshire

An Archaeological Watching Brief For Mr and Mrs Bishop

by Andy Taylor Thames Valley Archaeological Services Ltd

Site Code HHH 06/14

May 2006

Summary

Site name: Huntswood Farm House, Mill Lane, Hurley, Berkshire Grid reference: SU 8266 8390 Site activity: Watching Brief Date and duration of project: 15th-17th May 2006 Project manager: Steve Ford Site supervisor: Andy Taylor Site code: HHH 06/14 Area of site: c.80 sq m Summary of results: No deposits or finds of an archaeological nature were observed Monuments identified: None Location and reference of archive: The archive is presently held at Thames Valley Archaeological Services, Reading and will be deposited at Reading Museum in due course

This report may be copied for bona fide research or planning purposes without the explicit permission of the copyright holder

Report edited/checked by:

Steve Ford 19.05.06 Steve Preston 18.05.06

i

Thames Valley Archaeological Services Ltd, 47­49 De Beauvoir Road, Reading RG1 5NR Tel. (0118) 926 0552; Fax (0118) 926 0553; email [email protected]; website : www.tvas.co.uk

Huntswood Farm House, Mill Lane, Hurley, Berkshire An Archaeological Watching Brief by Andy Taylor Report 06/14 Introduction

This report documents the results of an archaeological watching brief carried out at Huntswood Farm House, Mill Lane, Hurley, Berkshire (SU 8266 8390) (Fig. 1). The work was commissioned by Mr and Mrs Bishop of Huntswood Farm House, Mill Lane, Hurley, Berkshire. Planning permission (app no 05/02386) has been gained from the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead for the construction of a new garage following demolition of existing outbuildings at Huntswood Farm House, Mill Lane, Hurley, Berkshire. The consent is subject to a condition relating to archaeology which requires the site to be investigated during groundworks. This is in accordance with the Department of the Environment's Planning Policy Guidance, Archaeology and Planning (PPG16 1990), and the Royal Borough's policies on archaeology. The field investigation was carried out to a specification approved by Ms Fiona MacDonald, Principal Archaeologist with Berkshire Archaeology, advisers to the Borough on matters relating to archaeology. The fieldwork was undertaken by Andy Taylor on the 15th and 17th May 2006 and the site code is HHH 06/14. The archive is presently held at Thames Valley Archaeological Services, Reading and will be deposited at Reading Museum in due course.

Location, topography and geology

The site is located on the south side of Mill Lane in the centre of the village of Hurley, which lies c.5km east of Henley. The site comprises a residential dwelling and the site of former outbuildings demolished to make way for the proposed garage, at a height of 30.50m above Ordnance Datum and the underlying geology consists of flood plain gravel (BGS 1990).

Archaeological background

The archaeological potential of the site stems from the presence of Hurley Priory, which was a Benedictine Priory founded in AD1086 and suppressed in 1536 (Ford 1987). The priory is a Scheduled Ancient Monument (SAM19020) and lies just to the north of the development area. Various watching briefs have been carried out

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both within and beyond the scheduled area. One of these revealed a probable ditch and two pits of medieval date at Monks Garden (Pine 1999) with further medieval pits at Tuckenhay to the east (Ford 2004). More generally, the site also lies within the archaeologically rich Thames Valley (Ford 1987; Gates 1975).

Objectives and methodology

The purpose of the watching brief was to excavate and record any archaeological deposits affected by the groundworks. This was to involve examination of all intrusive groundworks, in particular any ground reduction, and the digging of foundation trenches and service runs. The foundation trenches observed (Fig. 3) measured 0.50m wide and c.1.00m deep. All spoilheaps were monitored for finds.

Results

The foundation trenches comprised topsoil (0.00m­0.15m) overlying a mid brown sandy silt (0.15m­0.95m) overlying gravel natural 0.95m­1.00m+ (Figure 4). A concrete soakaway was observed in the north west corner of the footings but no deposits or finds of an archaeological nature were observed.

Finds

No finds of an archaeological nature were retrieved and no archaeological deposits or features observed.

Conclusion

Despite the site's close proximity to the medieval priory and previously identified archaeological deposits at Monks Garden, across the street, no deposits or finds of an archaeological nature were observed during the watching brief.

References

BGS, 1990, British Geological Survey, 1:50000, Sheet 255, Drift Edition, Keyworth Ford, S, 1987, East Berkshire Archaeological Survey, Berkshire Councy Counc Dept Highways and Planning Occas Pap 1, Reading Ford, S, 2004, `Tuckenhay, Mill Lane, Hurley, Berkshire, An archaeological watching brief', Thames Valley Archaeological Services report 04/66, Reading Gates, T, 1975, The Thames Valley; An archaeological Survey of the River Gravels, Berkshire Archaeol Comm Pubn 1, Reading Pine, J, 1999, `Monks Garden, Mill Lane, Hurley, Berkshire, An archaeological watching brief', Thames Valley Archaeological Services report 98/83, Reading PPG 16, 1990, Archaeology and Planning, Dept of the Environment Planning Policy Guidance 16, HMSO

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SITE

84000

SITE

83000

SU82000

83000

HHH06/14

Huntswood Farmhouse, Mill Lane, Hurley, Berkshire, 2006 An Archaeological Watching Brief Figure 1. Location of site within Hurley and Berkshire.

Reproduced from Ordnance Survey Pathfinder 1157 SU88/98 at 1:12500. Ordnance Survey Licence 100025880

84000

Site of previous house

83900

SITE

83800

SU82600

82700

HHH06/14

Huntswood Farmhouse, Mill Lane, Hurley, Berkshire, 2006 An Archaeological Watching Brief Figure 2. Detailed location of site within Hurley. Reproduced frmo Ordnance Survey digital mapping under Licence.

Scale: 1:1250.

N

Footings observed

83910

Location of new house

SU 82570

HHH 06/14 Huntswood Farm House, Mill Lane, Hurley, Berkshire, 2006 An archaeological watching brief Figure 3. Location of footings observed.

Scale: 1:100.

Huntswood Farm House, Mill Lane, Hurley, Berkshire, 2006

30.30m

Topsoil

Mid Brown Sandy Silt

Gravel Natural Base of trench

0

1m

Figure 4: Representative Section

HHH 06/14

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