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A Complete Guide

This guide will ensure that you are Performing a mantra correctly! Performing it incorrectly can have the opposite results.


Introduction Chapter 1: What is a Mantra ........................................................... History of Mantras ......................................................... How a Mantra work ....................................................... Chapter 2: How important it is to perform mantras correctly ..................

Hindu Mantras Chapter 3: Health ........................................................................... Chapter 4: Wealth .......................................................................... Chapter 5: Education ...................................................................... Chapter 6: Love and marriage .......................................................... Chapter 7: Peace ........................................................................... Chapter 8: Enlightenment ................................................................ Chapter 9: Protection ...................................................................... Chapter 10: Knowledge and wisdom .................................................... Chapter 11: Faith and devotion ........................................................... Chapter 12: Salvation ....................................................................... Chapter 13: Removing blockages ........................................................ Chapter 14: Courage ........................................................................ History of Gods and Goddesses Chapter 15: An explanation and history of each God and Goddess 15.1 Agni .............................................................. 15.2 Brahma ................................................................. 15.3 Shiva .................................................................... 15.4 Ketu ........................................................................ 15.5 Ganesha ............................................................... 15.6 Lakshmi ................................................................ 15.7 Durga .................................................................... 15.8 Kali ......................................................................... 15.9 Saraswati .............................................................. 15.10 Rahu ..................................................................... 15.11 Shani .................................................................... 15.12 Lord Krishna .......................................................... 15.13 Vishnu ................................................................... 15.14 Annapurna ........................................................... 15.15 Rama ..................................................................... 15.16 Hanuman .............................................................. 15.17 Kuber ................................................................... 15.18 Dhanvantari ............................................................ 15.19 Surya ....................................................................... Conclusion: Last but not the least, "How to perform the Mantras best?"

Introduction Chapter 1

What is a Hindu Mantra?

Mantras are basically spiritual verse written in Sanskrit language. Use of mantras varies with the school and values related to them. Mantras act as spiritual conductor, vibrations or words that encourages devotee to concentrate their mind at one point. Mantras are verbalized in various spiritual ceremonies; the purpose of these ceremonies is to avoid danger, eliminate enemies or to accumulate wealth. India is the origin place of mantras with Hindu scriptures and later on adopted by Jains and Buddhists. Different modern forms of mantras are practiced as spiritual verse, which are quite different from religion practices in Eastern countries. Mantra is a word that belongs to Sanskrit language, where ,,man stands for "mind or manas" and ,,tra stands for tool, hence its literal meaning is "mind tool". The sound vibrations are the soul of mantra and which is found to be effective. So to experience its effect, more importance is given to its correct pronunciation, which had shown the way of development of phonetic science in India. The purpose of mantras is to divert minds of devotee from illusion as well as materialistic nature. Mantras are repeated to maintain rhythm of words and it is a process. History of Mantras Vedas are very vast Hindu scriptures and originally mantras were found to be formulated in these Vedas. Most of the portions of Vedas are written in the form of "Shlokas". Shlokas are Sanskrit words written carefully between two lines. A "Shloka" is a phrase, verse or proverb. Almost all mantras are written in this fashion, but some of the mantras are found to be written in single line or even a single word. In Hinduism, Om or Aum is considered to be the most holy syllable and it is believed that Vedic tradition is originated from Om. Sometimes Om is referred as "Pranav (primordial) mantra" or "Udgitha". Om is considered as primordial mantra not only because it sound like primitive one, but for the reason that majority of mantras start with it. Om is said to be the most vital mantra in Hinduism, which is also called as "Pranava mantra" that means foundation of all mantras. Name form (nama-rupa) is the main Hindu thought that provide platform to whole Hindu philosophy, according to which all entities, things or ideas in the universe are originated from the syllable "Om". It is believed that Om is a manifested name form (nama-rupa) of Brahman. Hindus believe that before and beyond the existence of universe, there is only one truth and that is Brahman. And Brahman exists in name form called OM. Because of these reasons, Om is considered to be the most basic and influential mantra; therefore, it is used at the beginning and end of most Hindu prayers. Many of

the mantras are specific to some God. Hindu people believe that some of the fundamental mantras are "Shanti mantra", "Aum" or "Gayatri mantra", and all of them focus on common reality. According to Hindu tantras, universe is sound and the mantras make man believe in the existence of supreme power. Each and every creation in the universe has its own frequency, which indicates phenomena of existence of this world. Varna is said to be the genuine vibration, which is everlasting and it indicates us as a diminished visible and audible form. Fundamental elements of the sound are called Varnas. There is a complex figurative relation built between letters in mantras and zodiac signs, elements, God, and body parts. In this whole complex relation, letters seems to be primitive. Upnishad- Aitrareya-Aranya is an example, indicating the richness of letters in such associations: "The silent consonants in Upnishad correspond to earth, sibilants represent the sky and vowels symbolize the heaven. The silent consonant corresponds to fire, sibilants represent air and vowels represent sun. The silent consonant correspond the eye, the sibilants represent the ear and vowels symbolize mind". The outcome of every letter of Vedas is quite analogous to a mantra and the Sanskrit language used in Vedas intensely relates temperament of things. Hence each word of Vedas corresponds to the veracity itself. The basic mantra "OM" corresponds to the fundamental unity of truth that is Brahman. Mantras - How They Work In Yoga, it is believed that human body has source of divine power, which is rooted in Kundalini. To evoke it, yoga is practiced, which includes particular body movements or definite pattern of breathing along with the sound of mantras to meditate on. The sound is repeated while mantra is chanted and it brings certain changes in consciousness. Chanting of mantras appears to be a bit odd, but it is a powerful instrument for healing mental problems, physical states, etc. People are not actually aware of the power of chanting mantras as a meditation tool. The word used for chanting does not only has some meaning but also has been scientifically proved to be effective. All mantras are based on Hindu science of sound called "Naad", which includes secrete power hidden in the sound frequency. Internal covering of our mouth has 84 meridian points, which are extended along the greater part of upper palate. Mantras are extraordinary gift given long ago; as time passed, mantras were used by people to practice deep meditation in order to gain control over mind and body for experiencing the divine power. While practicing these mantras, distinct sound gets generated, this makes tongue to hit mouths meridian points in specific combinations, which is similar to the combinations of piano keys used to generate melodious sound. Every word of mantra, when we recite, hits certain keys

of our brain in right combination, which then stimulates pituitary gland, hypothalamus and thalamus in the brain. Then we reach meditative state. Meditation not only stimulates healing process but also provide joy to our brain. This process is done naturally, so there is no side effect; hence in all sense, it is quite safe and good for maintaining stability of the body. This is similar to the feeling; if you go inside the room where all people out there are swearing, gossiping, making noise in low vibration and environment in room is heavy and depressed. On the other hand if you walk into a similar room where all people are chanting, practicing yoga and mantras, which gives feeling of liveliness and joy. The main motto and science of "Naad" is to make people feel the joy of spirituality. Every mantra found in Vedas is chosen so wisely by ancient people that includes inspiring vibrations encapsulated in few words only. Practicing of these mantras stimulates definite part of the brain that positively changes brains chemical balance. This positive change in chemical poise of brain makes it quite relaxed and stable, which help consciousness to get control of the mind. Nowadays, mental illness is common among modern people working under tense conditions. Modern medicines are not so effective in curing mental problems and side effects of these drugs are also the main issue. Practicing yoga and chanting of mantras is quite effective remedy to fight with mental problems. Yoga prepares you to face modern mental pressure and helps to over come various complications faced by common person in his/her day to day life. The powerful mantra called "Sat Nam" is used in practicing Kundalini yoga which means" I am reality". This mantra sounds similar to Latin vowel "Amen". Every yoga class starts and ends with the "Sat Nam" mantra. People, before practicing any yoga or mantra, give excuses like "Its hard", "I dont have time" or any excuse, but after experiencing the benefits of these mantras and yoga, one cant stop practicing them. The continuous practice of yoga or mantras silently makes them important element of our day to day life. It is true that what we speak reflects on our acts and what we think, reflects in our life. If you think that you are stressed then, in reality, you feel stressed. And if your attitude is positive, then every thing around you is positive. Words are primitive one and words are like God. So, if your words are powerful then God inside you will be powerful one. In yoga, the hand positions are called "Mudras". These various Mudras along with mantras are practiced in Kundalini Yoga and also help in practicing meditation. These mudras include definite postures, which are considered to carry energies in our body. Practicing mantras along with these mudras convey certain signals to our mind. This whole process helps to make mind more calm and evoke our conscious brain. Hence, through yoga along with mantras, it is very easy to reach meditative state and to

prepare our self to fight against mind illnesses and tension.

Chapter 2

How important it is to perform mantras correctly?

Any mantra is embedded with power of spirituality. These Mantras are collection of empower words, which have emotional and spiritual efficiency to effectively focus self concentration on an internal soul or spirit. It is believed that certain Mantra has transformational effect; it puts a bright beam of soul inside our internal mind which purifies thoughts and destroys the karma layer following our soul. Proper pronunciation and chanting of a mantra is also very important. Correct Use of the Mantras It is very important to understand the correct use of mantras to get effective result. The wrong use of mantra may create imbalance in vehicles of internal mind and may get fixed in a distorted situation of the consciousness. The correct use of Mantras will help you effectively enhance the capability to access stable state of consciousness, great philosophy of spirit, principles of concentration and soul, and also make over your religious potentials. What do the Mantras Do? Mantras make positive impact on hidden internal mind and fill the positive qualities of Mantra in our subconscious mind and personality. Regular and correct practicing of mantra will invoke love for God, qualities like forgiveness, kindness etc. This positive change actually gets placed in our subconscious mind. Chanting of Mantra is a powerful tool for practicing meditation. Particular techniques of breathing, during chanting of mantras, evoke our internal power which is assumed to be stored in Kundalini (power house of internal energy). Some traditions believe that process of breathing during chanting of a mantra activates temperament of the mantra. Repetition of mantras in subconscious mind makes the union of consciousness with internal soul. Chanting a mantra during meditation helps you concentrate the attention towards self consciousness along with corresponding resonance of Mantras. For example, if you are chanting Krishna Mantra, then you will start imagining the different appearances of Lord Krishna. When you have Mantra in your mind, a power of positive light is emitted within you, which activates positive attitude, thoughts and life. This is said to be used in transformational techniques.

How to Chant Number of schools of meditation teaches correct chanting of mantras. Incorrect practicing of mantra may happen due to carelessness or it may happen unknowingly or due to improper knowledge, but the intention of every person practicing mantra is to get positive result. According to many experts, glory of chanting mantra cannot be gained through reasoning and intelligence. It can be only be experienced by faith in God, complete devotion and regular practice of the mantras. Many experts believe that correct practicing of a mantra is Mantra Yoga. Among all mantras, Aum or Om is said to be the powerful and effective mantra that synchronizes our emotional, intellectual and physical forces. When this stage is reached, you will feel that you have become a complete human being - physically and mentally. This whole process is quite slow and needs immense trustworthy faith and patience. Have Faith! To experience incredible and magical power of mantras, it is important to have faith in the power of Mantra. Strong will, complete faith, and regular practice is the only way to achieve the goal of a mantra. Mantras make you feel calm, confident, and strong enough to achieve the goal of life.

Hindu Mantras, their meanings

Chapter 3


Mantra 1 Mahamritunjaya Mantra (Repeat the following Mahamritunjaya mantra 108 times or multiples of this number.) God Lord Shiva English OM, we worship and adore you, O three-eyed one, O Shiva. You are sweet gladness, the fragrance of life, which nourishes us, restores our health, and causes us to thrive. As, in due time, the stem of the cucumber weakens, and the gourd if freed from the vine, so free us from attachment and death, and do not withhold immortality. Sanskrit Om Tryambakkam Yajamahe Sugandhim Pustivardhanam Urvarookameva Bandanaan Mrityormoksheeya Maamritaat

Meaning This mantra is really powerful and even regarded as a life saving prayer. TRYAMBAKKAM refers to the three eyes of Lord Shiva. 'Trya' means 'Three' and Ambakam' means eyes. These three eyes or sources of enlightenment are the Trimurti or three primary deities, namely Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva and the three 'AMBA' (also meaning Mother or Shakti' are Saraswati, Lakshmi and Gauri. Thus in this word, we are referring to God as Omniscient (Brahma), Omnipresent (Vishnu) and Omnipotent (Shiva). This is the wisdom of Brihaspati and is referred to as Sri Duttatreya having three heads of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva. YAJAMAHE: means, "We sing Thy praise". SUGANDHIM: refers to His fragrance (of knowledge, presence and strength i.e. three aspects) as being the best and always spreading around. Fragrance refers to the joy that we get on knowing, seeing or feeling His virtuous deeds. PUSTIVARDHANAM: Pooshan refers to Him as the sustainer of this world and in this manner; He is the Father (Pater) of all. Pooshan is also the inner impeller of all knowledge and is thus Savitur or the Sun and also symbolizes Brahma the Omniscient Creator. In this manner He is also the Father (Genitor) of all. URVAAROKAMEVA: 'URVA' means "VISHAL" or big and powerful. 'AAROOKAM' means 'Disease'. Thus URVAROOKA means deadly and overpowering diseases. The diseases are also of three kinds caused by the influence (in the negative) of the three Guna's and are ignorance (Avidya etc), falsehood (Asat etc as even though Vishnu is everywhere, we fail to perceive Him and are guided by our sight and other senses) and weaknesses (Shadripu etc. a constraint of this physical body and Shiva is all powerful). BANDANAAM: means bound down. Thus read with URVAROOKAMEVA, it means 'I am bound down by deadly and overpowering diseases'. MRITYORMOOKSHEYA: means to deliver us from death (both premature deaths in this Physical world and from the never-ending cycle of deaths due to re-birth) for the sake of Mokshya (Nirvana or final emancipation from re-birth). MAAMRITAAT means 'please give me some Amritam (life rejuvenating nectar). Read with the previous word, it means that we are praying for some 'Amrit' to get out of the death inflicting diseases as well as the cycle of re-birth. Mantra 2 Dhanvantari Mantra God Dhanvantari

English We pray to the God, who is known as Sudarshana Vasudev Dhanvantari. He holds the Kalasha full of nectar of immortality. Lord Dhanvantari removes all fears and removes all diseases. He is the well wisher and the preserver of the three worlds. Dhanvantari is like Lord Vishnu, empowered to heal the Jiva souls. We bow to the Lord of Ayurveda. Sanskrit "Om Namo Bhagavate Maha Sudharshana Vasudevaya Dhanvantaraye; Amrutha Kalasa Hasthaaya Sarva Bhaya Vinasaya Sarva Roka Nivaranaya Thri Lokya Pathaye Thri Lokya Nithaye Sri Maha Vishnu Swarupa Sri Dhanvantri Swarupa Sri Sri Sri Aoushata Chakra Narayana Swaha" Meaning This mantra is dedicated to Lord Dhanvantari who is the God of Ayurveda. Proper chanting of this mantra helps in healing souls and preserves good health by removing all fears as well as all diseases. Mantra 3 Surya Namaskar (Sun Salutation) God Surya (Sun God) English Om mitraaya namah Om ravaye namah Om sooryaya namah Om bhaanave namah Om khagaaya namah Om pooshne namah Om hiraNya garbhaaya namah Om mareechaye namah Om aadityaaya namah Om savitre namah Om arkaaya namah Om bhaaskaraya namah Om sri savitra soorya narayaNaaya namah

Sanskrit Om mitraaya namah Om ravaye namah Om sooryaya namah Om bhaanave namah Om khagaaya namah Om pooshne namah Om hiraNya garbhaaya namah Om mareechaye namah Om aadityaaya namah Om savitre namah Om arkaaya namah Om bhaaskaraya namah Om sri savitra soorya narayaNaaya namah Meaning Surya Namaskar is a form of worshiping God by meditating on the Sun, the energy provider. Surya Namaskar is useful in achieving concentration. Surya Namaskar is always performed in the open air, facing the Sun, at sunrise. Surya Namaskar is not just a physical exercise. For each of the postures, there is a particular breathing pattern to be followed. With each posture, a particular mantra - name of the sun is chanted.

Chapter 4


Mantra 1 Kuber Mantra God Kuber English O great king of the Yakshas, the commander of all wealth and fortune, we pray to you to grant us material wealth and prosperity. By this prayer, O lord kindly hasten the move of granting boons to your devotee. Sanskrit Om yakshaya Kuberaya Vaishravanaya Dhana Dhanyathi Pathaye Dhana Dhanya Samruddhi Me Dehi Tapaya swaha! Meaning One, who worships lord Kuber and Lakshmi, can never fall short of money and material comforts. The special puja of Kuber is performed on Dusshera, Dhan triyodasi and Deepawali, asking for prosperity and his blessings.

Mantra 2 Lakshmi Mantra God Lakshmi English O divine Goddess, you are the provider of success and intelligence. You are the benefactor of both worldly pleasure and freedom. The magical sound symbols-the Mantras, verily comprise their form with your grace. Propitious Mother, I surrender to you always. Sanskrit "Siddhi Buddhipraday Devi Bhuktimuktipradayeenee Mantramurtay Sada Devi Mahalakshmi Namostutay" Meaning Lakshmi is the Goddess of wealth, luxury, beauty, power, generosity and auspiciousness. Maha-Lakshmi is claimed to fulfill the promises of material, wealth and contentment. Goddess Lakshmi represents fortune, purity, courage and fertility. Maha Lakshmi Mantra forms the part of prayers offered to the lord. Mantra 3 Maheshwari Mantra Goddess Maheshwari English Give me long life, Give me wealth, Give me knowledge, O Maheshwari (Mother Goddess) O Parmeshwari, give me also everything else that I desire Sanskrit Aayur dehee Dhanam Dehee Vidyaam dehee Maheshwari Samastamakhilam dehee dehee mey Parameshwari

Meaning This is a mantra of Maheshwari. Maheshwari is the consort of Maheshwara, another name for Siva. It is said that Siva always grants the boons of those that pray to him or his consort.

Chapter 5


Mantra 1 Saraswati Mantra Goddess Saraswati English "O, the great Goddess Saraswati, the lotus-eyed personified knowledge... O, large-eyed Goddess, taking the form of the whole universe, thou shower me with all the powers and glories of all knowledge that exist." Sanskrit Saraswati Mahabhage Vidye Kamalalochane Vishwaroope Vishaalaakshi Vidyam dehi namosthuthe Meaning Saraswati is the Goddess of knowledge. By chanting this mantra, we get all the powers and glories of all knowledge that exists in the world. Mantra 2 Saraswati Mantra Goddess Saraswati English "Oh ! Goddess, Saraswati, my humble prostrations unto Thee, who are the fulfiller of all my wishes. I start my studies with the request that thou will bestow Thy blessings on me." Sanskrit Saraswathi Namasthubhyam, Varadey Kaamarupinee! Vidhyarambham Karishyami, Sidhir bhavathu mey sada ! Meaning Before starting studies, this mantra is chanted to seek blessings of Goddess Saraswati. This mantra helps in fulfilling all wishes that are related to studies.

Mantra 3 Ganesha Mantra God Lord Ganesha English O Ganesha, I pray to you ! Sanskrit Aum shri ganeshaya namah Meaning This mantra is usually taught to children for their good education. It increases their memory power, and they become successful in their examinations. Of course, people of any age may use this mantra when taking courses in a school or university, and for success in attaining their degree.

Chapter 6

Love and marriage

Mantra 1 Kamadev Gayatri Mantra God Kamdev English Let us contemplate on Kama, The God of Love, let this power direct us Sanskrit Kleem Kaamdevaaya Vidmahe Pushpa Baanaaya Dheemahi Tanno Angaa Prachodayaat Meaning In this mantra KLEEM is the Kama bija. Om can be used instead of kleem as well. Chanting 1 mala of this Mantra facing West on a 108 beads Rosary for a 40 day period can bring in love and affection to the chanter as it increases the positive energies from the 7th house which is related to desires, marriage and relationships. If you have been searching for the right love or life partner in vain or your sexual life has gone stale then chanting Kamadeva Gayathri Mantra can help. The most auspicious time to start chanting this mantra would be on Pradosh kaal preferably from Basant Panchami till Holi. Wearing the 13 mukhi Rudraksha Bead representing God Cupid is also very effective in attracting love.

Mantra 2 Gandharvaraaj Chetaanaa Prayog God GandharvaaRaj English O Gandharvaraaj! You are very kind. Air is your vehicle. Love is your form. Beauty is your ornament. Please help me fulfill my wish. I believe in you. Please bless my daughter in getting married at the earliest. She should get the person of her choice. I bow to you. Sanskrit || Om Kleem Vishvaasu Naam Gandharvah Kanyaah Naamaadhipatih Labhaami Devdattaam Kanyaam Suroopaam Salaankaaraam Tasmei Vishvaav-sarva Namah || Meaning Gandharvaraaj is the deity of love, marriage and beauty. By offering prayers to him one can get married to the person of one's choice. This is a Sadhana only for girls. Women can try it for getting good husbands too. Mantra 3 Kamdev Mantra God Kamdev English I offer this sound to she who is compassion herself. Sanskrit Om Kama Dayinyei Namah Meaning This mantra is for fulfilling desires of love and marriage. To use this mantra, focus on what you desire and chant this mantra as much as possible.

Chapter 7


Mantra 1 Purnamadah Mantra God Brihadaranyaka Upanishad

English Om ! That (Brahman) is infinite, and this (universe) is infinite. The infinite proceeds from the infinite. (Then) taking the infinitude of the infinite (universe), It remains as the infinite (Brahman) alone. Om ! Peace ! Peace ! Peace ! Sanskrit "Om Poornamadah Poornamidam Poornat Poornamudachyate, Poornasya Poornamaadaya Poornamevavashishyate, Om Shantih, Shantih, Shantih" Meaning Aum, That Brahman is infinite, and This brahman is infinite. The infinite evolves from the infinite. Even if you take the infinite (conditioned brahman) from the infinite, the infinite (unconditioned Brahman) still remains! Shanti Mantras always end with three words of "Shanti" which suggests "Peace". The reason behind speaking three times "Shanti" is to cool the surroundings and remove obstacles in three realms namely; "Physical" or Adhi-Bhautika, "Devine" or Adhi-Daivika and "Internal" or Adhyaatmika. These are called "Tapa-Traya" or three classes of troubles. When Shanti Mantras are recited, obstacles from these realms are believed to be pacified Mantra 2 Shanti Mantra God Ishavasya Upanishad: English The accurate sense of this mantra is: "OM lead me from unreal to real, lead me from darkness to light, lead me from death to immortality OM Peace, Peace, Peace". Sanskrit "Om Asato Maa Sadgamaya, Tamaso Maa Jyotir Gamaya, Mrityor Maa Amritam Gamaya, Om Shantih, Shantih, Shantih" Meaning Shanti Mantras always end with three words of "Shanti" which suggests "Peace". The reason behind speaking three times "Shanti" is to cool the surroundings and remove obstacles in three realms namely; "Physical" or Adhi-Bhautika, "Devine" or Adhi-Daivika and "Internal" or Adhyaatmika. These are called "Tapa-Traya" or three classes of troubles. When Shanti Mantras are recited, obstacles from these realms are believed to be pacified

Mantra 3 Shanti Mantra God Taittiriya Upanishad English May Health abound forever May Peace abound forever May complete abundance, abound forever May auspiciousness abound forever Om Peace Peace Peace! Sanskrit Sarveshaam Svaastir Bhavatu Sarveshaam Shaantir Bhavatu, Sarveshaam Poornam Bhavatu Sarveshaam Mangalam Bhavatu Om Shanti, Shanti Shanteeh Meaning Shanti Mantras always end with three words of "Shanti" which suggests "Peace". The reason behind speaking three times "Shanti" is to cool the surroundings and remove obstacles in three realms namely; "Physical" or Adhi-Bhautika, "Devine" or Adhi-Daivika and "Internal" or Adhyaatmika. These are called "Tapa-Traya" or three classes of troubles. When Shanti Mantras are recited, obstacles from these realms are believed to be pacified

Chapter 8


Mantra 1 Gayatri Mantra Goddess Gayatri English O Almighty Lord may we pray to you, who is the embodiment of spiritual energy, remover of all suffering, who bequeaths all happiness to us, who is the manifestation of knowledge and light. To you O lord, O great spiritual light we pray to illuminate our minds with intellect and wisdom by removing our sins and acts of ignorance. Sanskrit Aum bhoor bhuwah swaha, Tat savitur varenyam

Bhargo devasaya dheemahi Dhiyo yo naha prachodayat Meaning Gayatri Mantra is regarded as the foremost mantra in Hindu belief. It is believed to be the mother of all mantras and is recited by millions of people to gain spiritual solace and enlightenment. Mantra 2 Ganesha Mantra God Ganesha English O One tusked lord we pray to you. We meditate looking at him who has a curved tusk. We invoke you O lord to lead us towards the right path. Sanskrit Aum ekdantaya vidmahe Vakratundaye dhimahi tanno dantih prachodayat Meaning This mantra is used while meditating to invoke Lord Ganesha to seek his blessings and guidance that would lead towards the right path. The chanting of this mantra enlightens the state of mind. Mantra 3 Maha Mrityunjaya Mantra God Sri Mrityunjaya (form of Shiva) English OM. We worship and adore you, O three-eyed one, O Shiva. You are sweet gladness, the fragrance of life, who nourishes us, restores our health, and causes us to thrive. As, in due time, the stem of the cucumber weakens, and the gourd if freed from the vine, so free us from attachment and death, and do not withhold immortality. Sanskrit Om Tryambakam Yajamahe Sugandhim Pushthi Vardhanam UrvaRukamiva Bandhanat Mrytyor Muksheeya Mamritat ||

Meaning This is a very powerful chant dedicated to Lord Shiva. This mantra is believed to be the death conquering mantra and is found in the Rig Veda. The mantra is sometimes also referred to as the Mrita-Sanjivini mantra as it has the power to restore life in a dying person. In this potent mantra the lord is referred to as the three eyed God. It is a plea to him to restore life in the dying body. Worshipping the lord will liberate one from death just like the ripe cucumber is separated from the binding stalk.

Chapter 9


Mantra 1 Durga Mantra Goddess Durga English O Maa Durga! I don't know any prayer or any magical summons to invoke you. Neither I know any mantra and have no idea how to meditate on you. I don't know your story or glory as well. I neither know your various postures nor am I given to crying in distress. The only thing I know is that seeking shelter under your protection and following your command will definitely end all sufferings. Sanskrit Na Mantram No Yantram Tadapi Cha Na Jane Stutimaho Na Chavhanam Dhyanam Tadapi Cha Na Jane Stutikathah I Na Jane Mudraste Tadapi Cha Na Jane Vilapanam Param Jane Matastvadanusaranam Kleshaharanam !! Meaning This mantra is to seek protection from Goddess Durga even if one does not know how to magically summon her or know how to meditate. Mantra 2 Vishnu Mantra God Lord Vishnu English Lord Vishnu is the preserver and protector of the Universe. He is always quiet and rests on the great serpent bed. The lotus of the creative power springs from the navel of Lord Vishnu. He is the Ultimate Power, who supports the entire universe. The divine Lord

Vishnu is all-pervading as the sky and dark like the clouds. Vishnu, the lotus-eyed one, is the Lord of Lakshmi. The ascetics (yogis) observe Lord Vishnu through meditation. Lord Vishnu is the destroyer of the fear of Samsar. We surrender to such great lord. Sanskrit "Shaantaakaaram Bhujagashayanam Padmanaabham Suresham Vishwaadhaaram Gaganasadrasham Meghavarnam Shubhaangam Lakshmikaantam Kamalanayanam Yogibhirdhyaanagamyam Vande Vishnum Bhavabhayaharam Sarvalokaikanaatham" Meaning Lord Vishnu is the protector as well as preserver of all human beings. This mantra is chanted to seek protection from all evil things. All fears of the lifecycle are destroyed by Lord Vishnu who is the Lord of Goddess Lakshmi, the wealth Goddess. Mantra 3 Shivanamavalyashtakam God Lord Shiva English O Lord of the universe who hast the moon for Thy diadem, slayer of Cupid, wielder of the trident, the Immovable One, who resideth in mount Kailãsa, the Lord of Girijã (the Divine Mother), the God of Gods, the Auspicious One, the Lord of creatures, the destroyer of fear in the timid, protect me who am forlorn in the widerness of the miseries of this world (Samsãra). Sanskrit Hey Chanderchud Madanatak shoolpane, Sathano Girish Girigesh mahesh shambhoo, Bhutash Bheetbhaisudan mamnatham, Sansardughagahanat Jagdish raksh. Meaning Lord Shiva, who is also known as lord of the whole universe; who has crown of moon and lives on Kailasha; God of Gods, lord of creatures, the destroyer of timid, please protect me.

Chapter 10

Knowledge and wisdom

Mantra 1: God: Lord Brahma

English "Om is the name of He who created this cosmos with its three gunas (qualities of nature: positive, negative and quiescent) who brought all things to form and who is universal. He is Brahma whom I salute." Sanskrit "Om Namo Rajo Jushei Sristau Sthithou Sattwa Mayayacha Tamo Mayaya Sam-Harinei Vishwarupaya Vedhasei Om Brahmanyei Namaha" Meaning Brahma is the creator of the universe. He created the universe with his three nature qualities, positive, negative and dormant. Brahma represents Om, the eternal bliss. Brahma is the supreme God, who brought all things to form. I bow to that divine God Brahma to get me knowledge and wisdom. Mantra 2 Saraswati Mantra Goddess Saraswati English Salutations to the supreme Goddess Saraswati...whose face is fair as a jasmine flower, luminiscient like the moon and delicate as a snow flake; who is dressed in brilliant white garments. She holds the musical instrument in her hands to bestow boons to her disciples as she sits on her white lotus throne. Sanskrit "Yaa Kundendu Tushaara Haaradhavalaa, Yaa Shubhravastraavritha Yaa Veenavara Dandamanditakara, Yaa Shwetha Padmaasana Meaning Goddess Saraswati is fair and beautiful like the jasminecolored moon. Her white garland resembles the icy dew drops. She is decked in pure white attire. A white lotus serves as the throne of Maa Saraswati, on whose arm rests Veena. We pray Maha Saraswati, who is surrounded and respected by the Gods to bestow her blessings on us. May the Goddess remove our lethargy and brighten our life with light of knowledge. Mantra 3 Ganesh Mantra God Lord Ganesha

English Lord Ganesha is the Supreme Being with an elephant head. Ganesha is always attended by the group of his followers (Ganas). He loves to eat wood-apple and roseapple fruits (Kapitta, Jamboophala). Ganpati is the son of Goddess Uma (Parvati). Ganesha is the destroyer of all misery and pain. We salute to the lotus feet God. Sanskrit "Om Parvati Pataye, Hara Hara Hara Mahadev Gajaananam Bhoota Ganaadhi Sevitam Kapitta Jamboophaala Saara Bhakshitam Umaasutam Shoka Vinaasha Kaaranam Namaami Vighneswara Paada Pankajam" Meaning Lord Ganesha is the lord of beginnings, as per the Hindu mythology. Shri Ganesh is the remover of obstacles. Hindu God Ganesha represents wisdom, intellect and knowledge. God Ganesha is the most worshipped God of the Hindu religion. People worship Ganesha before starting any work to ensure hassle-free work. Apart from this, Ganesha is also adored by people, to bless them with right direction and stability of mind

Chapter 11

Faith and devotion

Mantra 1 Hanuman Mantra God Lord Hanuman English Let me pray to the one who is swift as thought, the one who is more powerful than the wind the one who has conquered his senses, the one who is supreme among all intelligent beings, the son of the wind-God, the commander of the army of forest creatures, Let me find refuge in Lord Rama's Messenger, the incomparable Lord Hanuman. Please accept me and my prayers at your feet. Sanskrit "Manojavam Maarutatulyavegam Jitendriyam Buddhimataam Varistham, Vaataatmajam Vaanarayoothmukhyam Sriramdootam Saranam Prapadhye" Meaning Lord Hanuman is the messenger of Lord Rama. His pace is as rapid as the wind and as quick as the mind. Hanuman has constrained his sense organs. He is the most

intelligent among the intelligent ones. Hanuman is the son of Vayu (Pawan) and the chief of the monkey tribe. We surrender ourselves to Lord Hanuman. Mantra 2 Krishna Mantra God Lord Krishna English Krishna takes away all grief, troubles and weaknesses. May God bless us with all the happiness! Sanskrit "Hare Krishna, Hare Krishna, Krishna Krishna, Hare Hare Hare Rama, Hare Rama, Rama Rama, Hare Hare" Meaning Hare Krishna Mantra is considered as the mahamantra (Ultimate prayer) of Kaliyuga (The Dark Age). Kaliyuga refers to the present era of machine, where truth and morality are at their lowest level. It is believed that by repeating this mantra with faith and devotion, one can achieve salvation and peace of mind. Mantra 3 Ram Mantra God Lord Ram English Ram Naam (Name of Ram) in itself is a divine mantra or prayer. It is believed that chanting the name "Ram" helps one to gain faith and increase devotion which results in final salvation. Sanskrit "Shri Ram, Jai Ram Jai Jai Ram" Meaning Mantras, when chanted with faith and devotion, have great effect on body and mind. It also has curative effect against diseases of the mind as well as body. Ram is the source of each and every thing. The name "Ram" suggests divinity and brings joy to life. The name "Ram" helps to achieve salvation from this material world.

Chapter 12


Mantra 1 Goddess Durga English O Maa Durga, with face of moon's elegance, I don't crave for Salvation or for material possessions. I don't even hope to get any expertise in sciences. I don't long for pleasure as well. My only request to you is to permit me to pass my entire life chanting "Mridani Rudrani Shiva-Shiva Bhavani". Sanskrit Na Mokshasyakancha Bhavavibhavavancha Cha Na Mey Na Vigyanapeksha Shashimukh Sukheccha Na Punah I Atastvan Sanyache Janani Jananam Yatu Mum Vai Mridani Rudrani Shiv-Shiv Bhavaneeti Japatah II Meaning Goddess Durga is considered as mother of all human beings who helps them achieve salvation even to the humblest who doesnt crave for material gains. This mantra is to seek permission to chant "Mridani Rudrani Shiva-Shiva Bhavani" which ensures salvation. Mantra 2 Ram Mantra God Ram English Ram is the source of each and every thing. The name "Ram" suggests divinity and brings joy to life. The name "Ram" helps to achieve mukti from this material world. Sanskrit "Shri Ram, Jai Ram Jai Jai Ram" Meaning Ram Naam (Name of Ram) in itself is a divine mantra or prayer. It is believed that chanting the name "Ram" helps one to attain salvation. Mantra of Shri Ram forms the part of prayers offered to the lord. Mantra 3 Krishna Mantra

God Lord Krishna English Krishna takes away all grief, troubles and weaknesses. May God bless us with all the happiness. Both, Lord Rama and Lord Krishna are the incarnations of Lord Vishnu, the preserver. Vishnu is the supreme reality and both of his incarnations are ultimate. They have attained the de-facto status. Chanting of these names, in itself, is considered auspicious. These names of God and the Hare Krishna Mantra are derived from ancient Indian texts of knowledge called Vedas. Sanskrit "Hare Krishna, Hare Krishna, Krishna Krishna, Hare Hare Hare Rama, Hare Rama, Rama Rama, Hare Hare" Meaning Hare Krishna Mantra is considered as the mahamantra (Ultimate prayer) of Kaliyuga (The Dark Age). Kaliyuga refers to the present era of machine, where truth and morality are at their lowest level. It is believed that by repeating this mantra with faith and devotion, one can achieve salvation and peace of mind.

Chapter 13

Removing blockages

Mantra 1 Ganesha Mantra God Ganesha English The Lord of mighty body and possessing the curved trunk, who has the radiance of thousand suns, I pray to you to remove all hurdles from the task I intend to perform. Sanskrit Vakrtund Mahakaya Surya Koti Samaprabha | Nirbhignam Kurumedaya Sarva Karyashu Sarvada | Meaning This particular mantra or sloka is chanted before beginning any auspicious task. The Lord Ganpati as the remover of all impediments is invoked by reciting this mantra. The Lord of mighty body and possessing the curved trunk, who has the radiance of thousand suns, I pray to you to remove all hurdles from the task I intend to perform. Mantra 2 Ganesha Mantra

God Ganesha English O elephant-faced God, Ganesha, you are served by the attendants of Shiva and you eat forest apples and blackberries. You are Uma's son, the destroyer of sorrows. I bow to the lotus feet of the remover of obstacles. Sanskrit "Om Parvati Pataye, Hara Hara Hara Mahadev Gajaananam Bhoota Ganaadhi Sevitam Kapitta Jamboophaala Saara Bhakshitam Umaasutam Shoka Vinaasha Kaaranam Namaami Vighneswara Paada Pankajam" Meaning This mantra invokes the Lord Ganesha to remove every impediment in your life and in your works. By constant meditation on this mantra, all obstacles and blocked energy in your physical and astral bodies are released. Mantra 3 Lakshmi Mantra God Goddess Lakshmi English Goddess Lakshmi, your art in gross and subtle, is the most awful and powerful. Mother, you contain all things and you remove even the greatest sins. Auspicious Mother, I surrender to you. Sanskrit "Sthulsukshmay Maharodray Mahashakti Mahodray Mahapaapharay Devi Mahalakshmi Namostutay" Meaning Goddess Lakshmi is gross, subtle, most awful and powerful. She contains all things and removes even the greatest sins; so auspicious mother, everyone bows to you.

Chapter 14


Mantra 1 Hanuman Mantra

God Hanuman English Lord Hanuman is the messenger of Lord Rama. His pace is as rapid as the wind and as quick as the mind. Hanuman has constrained his sense organs. He is the most intelligent among the intelligent ones. Hanuman is the son of Vayu (Pawan) and the chief of the monkey tribe. We surrender ourselves to Lord Hanuman. Chanting of this mantra with a sincere heart provides courage and wisdom. Sanskrit "Manojavam Maarutatulyavegam Jitendriyam Buddhimataam Varistham, Vaataatmajam Vaanarayoothmukhyam Sriramdootam Saranam Prapadhye" Meaning Lord Hanuman is the messenger of Lord Rama. His pace is as rapid as the wind and as quick as the mind. Hanuman has constrained his sense organs. He is the most intelligent among the intelligent ones. Hanuman is the son of Vayu (Pawan) and the chief of the monkey tribe. We surrender ourselves to Lord Hanuman. Mantra 2 Lakshmi Mantra Goddess Lakshmi English O Maa Lakshmi, you are familiar with everything, you award favors to all, you are a fear for the evil spirits and your art takes away the suffering of all. O auspicious Goddess, I surrender to you. Sanskrit "Sarvadhnay Sarvavarday Sarvadushtbhayadkree Sarvadukhaaharay Devi Mahalakshmi Namostutay" Meaning O Maa Lakshmi, you know everything, you grant favors to all, you are a terror to the evil and your art removes the misery of all. O propitious Goddess, I surrender to you. Mantra 3 Durga Gayatri Mantra God Durga Gayatri

English Om, She who was born in the hermitage of Sage Kathyayana, the omnipresent one, the one who is the "princess" among "girls", give us the strength to meditate, we bow before you Goddess Durga, the inaccessible one give us blessings and inspiration Sanskrit Om kaatyaanaaya.h viddhamahe kanyaakumaarii cha dhImahi tanno.n durge prachodayaat Meaning The three sandhyas (transition periods) of dawn, noon and dusk are appropriate times to chant the Durga Gayatri. This mantra invokes and develops courage as well as protects against negative influences. Repetitive chanting of this mantra brings strength, courage as well as endurance.

History of Hindu Gods and Goddesses Chapter 15

An explanation and history of each God and Goddess

15.1 Agni

Agni means fire. According to Hindu mythology, Agni is referred to as one of the Hindu Gods. According to Hindu Vedic History, Agni is next to the position of Lord Indra. The God Agni is said to be the fire of Sun, the source of fire and fire light that lights the lamp of worship in the hearts of humans. The lord Agni is said to be heavenly semblance of fire for giving his kindness to human. Agni is positioned at the mouth of Gods and is an oblation between Gods and Human beings. According to Rig Veda, Lord Agni is the highest divine power among three, Vayu, Surya and Agni. These three Gods are said to be beyond the power of air, sky, and earth. In Rig Veda, maximum numbers of mantras address Lord Agni. Lord Agni is considered in seven great sages explained in the Vedas. Agni is the child of Angiras and Sandila is his grandparent. According to Vishnu Purana, Agni was the eldest child of Lord Brahma. Swaha and Agnayi are wives of Lord Agni and both are daughters of Daksha Prajapati. From his marriage with Swaha, he has three sons named Pavak, Suchi and Pavman.

Lord Agni is considered as the God having power of creation, as sustainer, and supreme one among all spirits in the world. Agni is famous for his power and mercy. He is considered to be the mediator between man and God. Man has given many names to lord Agni, some of these are Vahni, Anal, Dhanajaya, Jivalana etc. People believe him as a God, who keep difficulties away from them and provides every thing they need. Lord Agnis body color is golden. Though word Agni belong to Sanskrit language, it is derived from Latin word ,,ignis and it is also similar to English word ,,ignite. The actual meaning of word Agni in Hindi is ,,Fire. In Hindi, Lord Agnis is also called as Agni Dev. Agni Dev is immortal and forever young. Appearance of Agni Dev is like a supernatural being of red shades, which has two faces, three legs, seven hands and seven tongues. The two faces indicate helping and destructive qualities. Seven hands stand for seven colors of light that constituent the rays of fire. Out of ten directions, Agni protects southeast direction. Rudraksh having three faces is said to be the symbol of Agni Dev. A weapon, named "Agneyastra", is created by Lord Agni. Out of two faces of Lord Agni, one indicates the face of the king and another indicates the unkind one. According to Hari Vans Agnidev appears in black clothes. Smoke is a part of his appearance and bears burning spikes. He rides over chariot having red horses at its front. Sage Vashist had written Agni purana. 15.2 Brahma

As per Hindu mythology, the Holy Trinity of Hindu Gods, Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh, among which Lord Brahma is said to be the creator God, Lord Vishnu as protector, and Lord Mahesh (Shiva) as destroyer.

Lord Brahma is assumed to have been born through the navel of resting Lord Vishnu. In pictures, Lord Brahma is shown seated over the flower of Lotus. It is said, the activities of alternation of day and night is controlled by Lord Brahma. Lord Brahma had mind-born sons named Angiras, Pulaha, Marici, Pracetas, Narada, Kratuj, Atri, Vashishta, Pulastya and Bhrigu. Another nine sons borne from his body named Delusion (Maya), Death, Daksa, Kama, Joy, Bharata, Anger, Dharma, Greed and a daughter named Angaja. It is known that Lord Brahma has four heads, but earlier it had five. These four extra heads of Brahma emerged when Devi Gayatri felt embarrassed because of Brahma's love and tried to get away from his eyes. Lord Brahma practiced tapas for a number of years for creation, which was destroyed due to his wish to unite with his own daughter. Later, Lord Brahma lost his head when he told a tie to Lord Vishnu. That head was destroyed in anger by Lord Shiva. It is believed that all four great Hindu Vedas came out of his heads. It is said hat Lord Brahma counseled Bhagiratha to seek help of lord Shiva in controlling the power of Ganga, the deity of river Ganga in India. 15.3 Shiva

As per Hindu mythology, among the Trinity of Hindu Gods, Lord Shiva is known as God of destruction. Lord Shiva is quite famous God in Hinduism. Lord Shiva is a part of Trinity called Trimurti. Out of three Gods, Lord Brahma is said to be the creator deity, and Lord Vishnu is the preserver God. The nature of Lord Shiva is a bit complex, which is because of his conflicting qualities. Lord Shiva is famous as a demolisher and restorer, too. He is a great ascetic, an icon of sensuality and a furious punisher.

According to Hindus, Satyam, Shivam and Sundaram are very fundamental forms of Lord Shiva, which means God of goodness, beauty and truth. All outer space activities of creating and destroying various elements of universe is performed by Lord Shiva, this is a reason for which he is known to be God of creation and destruction. These activities of Lord Shiva make him complex and difficult to understand and his celestial role makes him more complex. As it is known that in this universe, there are two opposite forces, one is the force of God and another is evil forces. And the balance between them is maintained, too. But when the balance between these two forces gets disturbed and life on earth get troubled, Lord Shiva obliterate universe, which is called as "Pralay". The Pralaya is done to create new cycle of universe. The beginning of new universe gives another chance to unconventional souls to become good. The Lord Shiva keeps souls away from sufferings and pain caused by detrimental universe. Lord Shiva- The Donor Lord Shiva is famous for his kindness and forgiveness because of which he is well-known as the "giver God". His devotees were never disturbed by evil forces such as annoyance, yearn and gluttony. Lord Shiva is the benevolent God who provides prosperity and gives elegance to his devotees. Lord Siva-The Image Appearance of Lord Shiva is assumed as body sheltered with ashes that indicate transcendental characteristics of the world. His three way tangled hairs denote the combination of physical, spiritual and mental energies. The semi-circular moon over his head looks like ornament which denotes the cycle of time. This cycle of time indicate the evolution of universe form commencement to end. Lord Shiva has three eyes out of which left eye symbolize sun, left one as moon and third eye is the eye of destruction (Pralaya). He has a snake surrounding his neck. Snake indicates the power used to destroy and reconstruct the world. The necklace of Rudraksha on his body indicates his celestial powers used to keep the balance of good and bad forces. The trident called Trishul denote three vital powers called Gyana (knowledge), iccha (will) and Kriya (action). The Drum called Damaru having two opposite faces indicate unlike conditions that evident and invisible.

The bull named Nandi is said to be the vehicle of Lord Shiva, which denotes the ignorance and power. The seat and clothing of Lord Shiva is of tigers skin, which indicate the source of impending power used in destruction and creation of universe. Lord Shiva is the supreme power that handles life and death of physical world. Lingam is the visible form of Lord Shiva. All devotees worship this Lingam. The Lingam is said to be accompanied by female part called Yoni, which is the base of Lingam. This visual form indicates the male inventive energy of Lord Shiva. 15.4 Ketu

The Hindu mythology refers Ketu as planet of "shadow". It is said that shape of ketu is like descending planetary lump. Quite interesting stories are associated with Rahu and Ketu. It is said that son of Asur queen Sinhika and king Viprasith name Swarbhanu had drunk the amurt by making, himself look like a God and seated between the Moon and Sun. When the lady named Mohini (avatar of Lord Vishnu as female) distributing amrut (nectar having the power of providing immortality to any one), had noticed that by mistake Sharbhanu consumed amrut, next moment head of Sharbhanu was cut by Vishnu. But Sharbhanu had

already consumed the holy nectar, so he didnt die. Swarbhanu requested Vishnu to give him moksha (salvation) and his head was fixed to the body of serpents called Rahu and Ketu. So, Rahu and Venus are friends of Ketu whereas Mars and Moon are enemies. Ketu is also responsible for lunar eclipse, which is seen when Sun, Moon and Earth come along the same longitude. Ketu is not counted as one of the planets of Navagrahas. It is believed that power of Ketu is near about similar to the effect of Mars. According to ancient Hindu astrology, Ketu represents the collection of bad and good karmas of human, influence of paranormal power and spirituality. Nakshatras named Magha, Mula and Ashwini come under Ketu. It is said that each Zodiac has to face the effect of Ketu for 18 months. Metal (Iron) is considered to be represented by Ketu and the gemstone is the Cats Eye. 15.5 Ganesha

In Hinduism, worshiping of God includes certain actions called Pooja. In Hindu tradition, every Pooja starts with the name of Lord Ganesha. The appearance of Lord Ganesha is that of a child having elephants head. It is said that Lord Ganesha had won the contest against elder brother named Kartikay, which made him Isha Dev means lovable to every being on earth. The contest included the task of completing one round of the universe, in which Ganesha simply walked around his father and mother (Shiva and Parvati) and said, for him, mother and father is the universe, the complete source of the existence.

A story is associated with the elephant head of Lord Ganesha. It is said that, in the absence of lord Shiva, Devi Parvati created the statue of Ganesha and gave life to it. She called him as her child. Devi Parvati told Ganesha to protect her quarters. When Lord Shiva tried to enter the quarters, Lord Ganesha opposed him, which made Lord Shiva angry and he slashed his head. On the request of Devi Parvati, Lord Shiva restored the life of Lord Ganesha and fixed the head of an elephant to his body. In another story, the head of Lord Ganesha blazed by Saturn when Devi Parvati forced Saturn to look at and bless her child. Lord Ganesha always rides over rat that indicates nature of conquered arrogance and impoliteness. Funny appearance of Lord Ganesha teaches human beings to think beyond the outer appearance of any person, it is the good thinking and polite nature of a man that actually matters. Hence, Lord Ganesha creates faith in human mind and prepares him to face any kind of obstacles. Chanting of Ganesha mantra during meditation will help maintain internal balance of your body. 15.6 Lakshmi

According to Hindu mythology, sage Bhrigu was the father of Devi Lakshmi. She had taken refuge in the deep ocean of milk when Gods were exiled. It is said that Lakshmi had taken new birth through the stirring

of the Sea. Every God fell in love with Devi Lakshmi because she was very good looking. Lord Shiva tried to claim Devi Lakshmi as his wife, but as having taken the moon, Devi Lakshmi was married to Lord Vishnu. In fact, she also wished to get married to Lord Vishnu. Every time, when Lord Vishnu incarnated on Earth for helping humans, each time Devi Lakshmi was also incarnated as his wife. Some of the examples are, Lord Ram and his wife Sita, Lord Krishna and Radha as his lover and later Rukmini as wife. According to Hindu belief, Devi Lakshmi is the Goddess of wealth, light, beauty, and good fortune. She is also the symbol of elegance and love. Lord Vishnu rests over the coils of snake named Shesha Nag and Devi Lakshmi expresses her affection to Lord Vishnu by massaging the bottom of his feet. Actual worship of Devi Lakshmi is performed to gain good wealth, prosperity, and success; but it is believed that she does not help lazy and selfish person who worships her only for the sake of wealth. 15.7 Durga

According Hindu scriptures, Devi Durga is said to be the Mother Goddess, who is the symbol of unified power of almost all divine powers. Shaivas believe that Devi Durga is a spouse of Lord Shiva and Vaishnavas believe that Uma or Parvati are another incarnation of Devi Durga.

The reason behind the incarnation of Devi Durga is to kill all evil powers that threaten innocent people and become dangerous for the existence of Gods. So, every God contributed in giving their dominant power to Devi Durga for destroying evil powers that are out of control. Hence, Durga is known to be unified power of all Gods. Devi Durga also possesses powerful weapons like trident and chakra from lord Shiva and Vishnu, respectively. Devi Durga killed Asur King named Mahishasur who had gained the special powers from Lord Brahma and thats why, for any God, it was difficult to kill him. It is true that evil forces are powerful but self destructive where as divine powers are constructive and efficient. Devi Durga is a symbol of unity of all Gods that keeps away evil forces from the humanity. 15.8 Kali

Goddess Kali is a deity who is considered as dark mother with whom everyone has a loving bond despite her fearful appearance. She says

"Fear not, I am here to save you from demons". Her 3 eyes denote past, present and the future. Goddess Kali is considered as a deity of change and time. She is also a creator as well as destroyer. She liberates the soul to get on spiritual journey and she is considered as healing divine mother of all who worship her. 15.9 Saraswati

According to Hindu Holy scriptures, Saraswati, the girl Goddess is considered as Goddess of music, knowledge and all kinds of creative arts. Saraswati is said to be the mother of all Vedas and powerhouse of Lord Bramhas inventive intellect. "Vak Devi" is another name of Saraswati, which means the deity of speech. In pictures, Devi Saraswati appears in white clothes, holding garland in one hand and rolled palm leaf in another hand, which indicates the knowledge. Devi Saraswati rides over peacock or some times Swan and appears to be playing Veena.

Dilwara, a Holy place in India, has a big temple named "Vilma Vashi temple" which was devoted to Devi Saraswati. In India, it is believed that worshiping Devi Saraswati during examination period, students do well in their exams. 15.10 Rahu

As stated in Hindu scriptures, eclipses are caused due to swallowing of Moon and Sun by Rahu, which has exciting story linked with it. According to Hindu puranas (Vedic Literature), the son of Asur queen Sinhika and King Viprasithi, named Swarbhanu had consumed nectar that provides immortality to any body. Swarbhanu cheated all Gods by changing his looks like Gods. A beautiful woman named Mohini (a female avatar of lord Vishnu) was distributing amrut equally to all. She noticed that Swarbhanu cheated and consumed amrut. Next moment, Lord Vishnu slashed the head of Swarbhanu away from his body. Swarbhanu did not die because he had swallowed the drops of the holy nectar before cutting his head. So Swarbhanu requested Lord Vishnu to give him Moksha thats why his head was fixed to the body of serpents called Ketu and Rahu. Picture of Rahu is sketched as a head of dragon with empty chariot having eight black horses at its front. Rahu is not considered as one of the planet of Navagrahas. According to Vedic astrologers Rahu is malefic and its power is similar to the effect of Shani. The metal Lead represents Rahu. The direction of Rahu is south-west and its constituent is air. According to

Indian numerology, 4 is the dominant number of Rahu. Nakshatras: swati, Shatabhisha and Ardra comes under Rahu. The effect of Rahu to any Zodiac remains for 18 years, among which 8th and 6th year if very tough. People having Rahu in their Kundali have to face many obstacles and problems while approaching towards success and to avoid ill effects of Rahu, various remedies are done. Some of the remedies are given below. Practicing Rahu stotra or mantra. On Saturday coconut and Udad dal is donated in temple. Worship Lord Shiva or Bhairava is also helpful. Wearing a stone called Gomedh. Keeping fast on Saturday. 8 mukhi Rudraksha can be worn. 15.11 Shani

As stated in ancient Hindu Astrology, Shanaiswara is the Vedic name of planet Saturn. The meaning of Shanaiswara is "slow mover". It is said that Shani is the son of Lord Surya and his wife "Chaya" which means shadow and Chaya is the lowest Graha (planet) among all. Saturn stays for 21 to 2 years in any Zodiac (rashi), and Saturn takes 30 years to complete its one cycle. In anyones life, Shani plays important role. In Hinduism, it is believed that Shani keeps the track of good and bad activities called Karmas and accordingly one is punished or pleased by Shani. Shani is the most frightening God among all Grahas because he has the power to convert a King into a beggar and poor one into a King. The emperor named Vikramaditya is a good example, who faced the anger of Shanidev. According to Hindu astrologers, Shani is powerful if it comes in 7th house of rashi. Saturn preside over two fixed stars of Zodiac Aquarius and Capricorn. Shani highly praises Libra and is found to be of low power for Aries. Libra and Taurus are most pleased by Saturn. Anger of Shani may cause diseases like asthma, arthritis, gout, rheumatism etc. Shani affects for upto 2 to 21 years if it lies in 8th house of rashi; it also affects the person having Saade Sati at his Rashi, in which Shani stays for 7 1/2 years in rashi. Remedies like Shani Shanti and Shani puja are done to avoid ill effects of Shani. Remedies like chanting mantra of Shani facing towards the West at least 7 times. By keeping Shani yantra in your pocket and chanting Shani mantra 108 times with rudraksha rosary in right hand may provide good results.

15.12 Lord Krishna

Lord Krishna was born in a village named Mathura in India near about 5 thousand year back. He was the son of Vasudeva and Devki, who were in jail during the birth of Lord Krishna. The birth place of Lord Krishna is called as Sri Krishna Janmasthana. During same period, his cousin brother was also born, who appeared to kill evil powers on the Earth. It is believed that demons and Gods fight with each other in heavens. But when evils powers got defeated by Gods then in the place of heaven they decided to attack Earth. Many of demons appeared on earth by taking birth in royal families. Due to birth of demons on the Earth, they started ruling over Earth and boosted their evil activities. Demi-Gods and Gods on the Earth seriously needed the help of Lord Vishnu to protect them. Lord Vishnu also found that failing political and social conditions on the Earth is not good for humanity, so he decided to appear on the Earth to protect innocent people. Lord Krishna appeared on the Earth and killed-many demons, also reestablished the knowledge of Vedas among his followers. He has given

Hindu Holy book called Bhagvad-gita, in which he said "whenever declination of humanity and increase in evil activity on earth will happen, I will again appear on earth to protect innocent people and will again establish teachings of Vedas". It is said that eternal Lord Vishnu will appear at the right time to protect his devotees. According to biography of Lord Krishna (Srimad Bhagavatam), "Educated man can express the actions and birth of the motionless and unborn". Although, he seems to appear within the dimension of space and time but actually he is beyond these all immaterial things. Lord Krishna was born at midnight of Sravana, dated 19th July 3228 BC. He lived on earth till the age of 125 years and on 18th Feb 3102 BC he disappeared. It is believed that from the date he disappeared, the present age of dishonesty called Kali had begun. According to researcher named Srila Vishvanatha Chakravarti, Lord Krishna had spent first 3 years and 4 months in Gokula, for the same length of period he lived in Nandagram and Vmdavana, in Mathura he stayed for 18 years and 4 months and in the last 96 years and 8 months he ruled Dvaraka. The total period is of 125 years. Lord Krishna grew up in peaceful beauty of Nandagram, Vrindavana and Gokula, as the son of Yashoda and Nanda. He not only famous for destroying Demons but also for the dance called Rasa. He performed the dance call Rasa-Lila with gopis in Mathura. The most lovable and devoted gopi called Radharani is the symbol of great scarifies in love. In Mathura, it is believed that in the autumn season Lord Krishna still appears in Vrindavana to play Rasa-Lila with gopies under the magical music of his flute. These mysterious instances of pastimes represents the most secret appearance of spirituality yet revealed.

15.13 Vishnu

According to Hinduism, there are three basic Gods called Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesha (Lord Shiva). Among this trinity of God, Lord Vishnu is said to be the creator and preserver God. Lord Vishnu is the personification of goodness, forgiveness, kindness and ubiquitous power that protects whole universe and establishes the teachings of Dharma or religion. General Visual appearance of Lord Vishnu is shown as resting over the large coiled snake called Shesha along with Devi Lakshmi kneading his legs. It is believed that Lord Vishnu not at all sleeps and he is a God of nonviolence and Shanti. He never likes the person having ego. Hindus visualize Lord Vishnu with four weapons in four hands as his attributes, it holds Sankha or conch in one hand, in second hand he holds Vaijra or disc, in third hand it has club and in last one he holds Padma or

lotus. A sword named Nandaka and bow known as Sarnga also belongs to Lord Vishnu. World has both kinds of forces, that is, evil and good forces, but when evils force becomes stronger and start hurting innocent people or demigods; on the request of demiGods and devotees, Lord Vishnu appears on earth as a human being and restores the balance of both forces by destroying evil demons. Nine incarnations of Lord Vishnu are said to be avatars of Vishnu, some Hindu scholars found more incarnation of Lord Vishnu in different holy books. Overview of nine basic incarnation of Lord Vishnu is given below. Matsya avatar or incarnation as a fish is said to be the first personification of Lord Vishnu on earth, which was saved by holy person named Vaivaswata. As a turtle is the second incarnation of Lord Vishnu for helping Gods and demon in the churning of ocean called sagarmanthan. He provided his back as a base for resting the Mountain called Mandara, which was used as a stick for churning ocean. Varaha avatar was his third incarnation, Varaha avatar means Boar incarnation, for killing Asur King named Hiranyaksha. After that he retrieved the stolen Vedas and also freed the earth from underneath of ocean. Narasingha was another incarnation of Lord Vishnu, in which half of the body of Lord Vishnu is of lion and half human. During this incarnation, he killed the demon called Hiranyashasipu, who has got boon given by Lord Brahma that Hiranyashasipu cannot be killed by any God, man or beast and he is immortal. Vamana Rup is the fifth incarnation of Lord Vishnu, in which he appeared as a dwarf man. During this incarnation of Lord Vishnu, demon named Bali is killed. Bali tried to establish the empire of evil power all over the world, for which he had overtaken the heaven and wipe out Gods. Parasurama is the sixth incarnation of Lord Vishnu, during this incarnation he annihilate the king of demons named Kartavirya. King Kartavirya had taken holy cow called Kamadhenu. Lord Ram was his next incarnation; Lord Ram had killed the Asur Samrat Ravana. Devi Sita is kidnapped by Ravana and on whole Ramayana is based.

Lord Krishna was the Eighth incarnation of Lord Vishnu. Lord Krishna had killed demon named Kansa who was the emperor of Mathura. And next assumed incarnation of Lord Vishnu is Kalki, which is going to appear at end of the present age called Kalyuga. His visual appearance will be a man riding over white horse. 15.14 Annapurna

Goddess Annapurna is considered as a Goddess of nourishment. "Anna" means food as well as grains and "Purna" means complete, perfect. She is also considered as sustainer of prosperity. People believe that she doesnt eat anything unless each and every devotee is fed in the temple. Goddess Annapurna is also considered to be the grantor of knowledge, supreme welfare, who manifests in her devotees truth as well as efficiency and takes away all fears. 15.15 Rama

The Hindu God named Ram is the renowned living form of Lord Vishnu. He is well known as Maryada Purushottama and he is known to be a live statue of honesty and courage. His father named Dasaratha was a great emperor and for him, son Ram was the most adorable and superior to all other sons. Ram was very honest, he never spoke untruth and he was very obedient, respected his elders and brothers. All family members also loved him very much. His excelling body was so beautiful and free from any kind of disease. Old age also didnt affect his body. Expressive nature, striking attitude made him adaptable to any kind of situation. Being a deity, he knew the problems and nature of every living creature on the Earth, he has nothing to do with any world matter. He had all the qualities of a King and people loved him through their hearts. His fathers loved him very much and felt proud to be his father. He was gifted with incredible excelling qualities. He seemed to have haloed by the Suns rays. The whole universe felt to be blessed by seeing deity in appearance of a human being, who was unbeatable, incredible, courageous and possessing all powers which any God didnt have.

15.16 Hanuman

According to Hinduism, Lord Hanuman is said to be the incarnation of Lord Shiva. Shri Hanuman is the biggest follower of Lord Rama, which is the big example of dedication and devotion. Shri Hanuman is the God of courage, knowledge, hope, devotion and intellect. The appearance of Shri Hanuman is like a monkey called Vanar avatar of Lord Shiva. Visual view of shri Hanuman is a monkey holding mace called Gada along with image of Lord Rama inside the cut over chest, which symbolizes bravery, courage and devotion towards lord Rama. Birth of Shri Hanuman According to Hindu scriptures Shri Hanuman appeared in Treta Yuga as a son of monkey King Kesari and Queen Anjana. It is said that birth of Shri Hanuman was planned by Lord Vishnu with some purpose and a view in his mind. Shri Hanuman is powered by celestial energies, intelligence and strength. As Shri Hanuman was the son of Anjana he is also famous as Anjaneya, which means "born from Anjana". Hanuman- The Brahmachaari Shri Hanuman, throughout his life, stayed Brahmachaari means unmarried. He is a celibate God. He is quite famous among body builders, who think that to build a muscular body it is necessary to be celibate. For Shri Hanuman, every woman in the word is his sister and mother. In Holy

Ramayana, many incidents are found which indicate respective nature of shri Hanuman. Lord Hanuman - A Great Disciple Shri Hanuman was the most devoted follower of Lord Rama. For Shri Hanuman, Rama was his lord. Shri Hanuman believed that he was the elementary part of Lord Rama and the purpose of his birth is to serve Lord Rama and to follow the instructions given by his Lord. 15.17 Kuber

Lord Kuber is said to be the deity of wealth and rules north direction. Deity of Takasa is another name of Lord Kuber. Devi Lakshmi is known to be the Goddess of luck and wealth. Chanting of Mantra of Lord Kuber helps increase the flow of wealth and teaches the techniques to accumulate it. In Hinduism, north direction has Ashta Dikpalas which are represented by Lord Kuber. Lord Kuber is famous as deity of Dhanpati (Riches). He is the source of food grains and whole wealth in the world. He is the grand son of Lord Brahma and child of Visrava. Lord Kuber is said be deity of creativity. His name was derived from the name of his father, Vaisravana. Yakshas are devotees of Lord Shiva. All treasures in the world are assumed to be provided by lord Kuber. Mount Kailas is the home of Lord Kuber.

All treasures on earth which include gold, silver, jewels, nine Nidhis and pearls are ruled by Lord Kuber. Appearance of lord Kuber is assumed as man having dwarfish body, four hands, eight teeth and three legs. A flying chariot called pushpak is known to be vehicle of Lord Kuber. Attribute like a mace, money, fruit and a bowl belongs to Lord Kuber. Statute of lord Kuber is actually made of metal like Astadhatu, Brass or stone. According to Holy Ramayana book, whole city Lanka was made of gold and which is build by Lord Kuber but his brother named Ravana taken Lanka by force. Ancient Hindu spiritual books suggest Kuber Sadhana to increase the flow of wealth. It believed that Lord Kuber sanctify his devotee with wealth and prosperity. Kuber Puja Worshiping of Lord Kuber includes certain activities to be followed, called Pooja, and Kuber pooja is well known as Lakshmi-Kuber puja. This pooja includes chanting of certain Mantras and some formal procedures to be pursued. Pooja is carried out in the day of Pournima (full moon day) in the month of November or October. The stuff required to carry out LakshmiKuber puja costs very less, hence poor people can also afford it. The most important stuff in this pooja is honesty. Kubera Yantra

Kuber Yantra includes copper plate over which certain ancient holy script is written. It is used to divert the attention of Lord Kuber towards our self, so that he will bless us with the wealth. Tibetan people also are followers of Lord Kuber. Sudden prosperity, luck and wealth are assumed to be the blessing of Lord Kuber. Kuber Yantra has the power to divert cosmic

energy of wealth, prosperity and luck. It opens the new sources of wealth. Kuber Yantra is also beneficial for the growth of business, profession and career. This yantra can be placed in drawers, safes, cash box, or at the place where money is collected and before placing it at desired place chanting of certain mantra is also done. 15.18 Dhanvantari

Lord Dhanvantari is regarded as the supreme God of Ayurvedic medicine (Ayurveda) in the Hindu religion. People pray to Dhanvantari, asking him for improved or good health for themselves and for others. Dhanvantari Mantra forms the part of prayers offered to the lord.

15.19 Surya

According to Hindu Astrology, in the family of Navgraha (collection of nine planets), Lord Surya is assumed to be most dominant. Hindus have given various names to Lord Surya; some of them are Grahapati, Vivasvat, Aitya, Pusha, Bhanu, Ravi, Bhaskar, Mitra, Arka, Divakar and Savita. Sage Kashyap and his wife Aditi are mother and fathers of Lord Surya, it is also known as 'Jagat Chakshu' that means wolrds eye and 'Aharpati' which means deity of day. Rays of Lord Surya nourishes life and is the basic source of energy for every creature on earth. In Hindi, people call him Prandata which means life and time giver. Lord Surya is the God of east direction and blesses his followers with good health, fame and prosperity. According to Hindu scriptures, Lord Surya is the ruler of Sunday. Metals, gold and ruby are the ruling elements of Lord Surya. Surya is said to be the God of our solar system. He holds Arms and his hair are of golden color. Outer body of Lord Surya is assumed to be Sun, which is visible in the blue. His appearance is assumed to be a man of red color having four Arms, three eyes, riding over wheeled chariot with seven horses attached at the front. These seven horses are like seven colors of rainbow. Lord Surya is the most powerful and royal observable God. Lord Surya is said to be the master or Guru of several Gods, followers and prophets. In Hinduism, the symbol of Lord Surya is a sign of positive energy. In Hindu scriptures, Gayatri mantra is also found to be associated with Lord Surya. . Aditya Hridayam mantra is also linked to Lord Surya. Ashtottar Shatnamavali, which is a holy book, that includes 108 names of Lord Surya. Another Book named Surya Sahasranam which includes

thousands of names and qualities of Lord Surya. All names are described according to the superiority of consciousness. According to Vedas, Lord Surya is deity of light and is only the cause of life on earth. Sun is the symbol of Lord Surya. He is the Hindu God which is visible to every person. According to Shaivites and Vaishnavas, Lord Shiva and Vishnu is the part lord Surya. Among Hindus, Lord Surya is also famous as Surya Narayana. Lord Surya is included in the list of eight kinds of Lord Mahadev. Group of these eight lords is known as Astamurti which are the source of knowledge and excellence. Lord Surya is responsible for the sunrise and sunset. He is the supplier of vital energy in all creatures and makes them free from illness and laziness. The different periods of a day is ruled by three different Gods, day period is ruled by Lord Brahma, noon by Lord Shiva and evening by Lord Vishnu. To symbolize Lord Surya open Lotus or golden wheel is also used and the most common is sign of Swastika. View of rising Sun helps improve eyesight and the exercise called Surya Namaskar provide strength to bones, long life, cure illness and healthier life. Lord Surya is the God of Zodiac Leo. Lord Surya is responsible for rainfall and production of food resource. Planet Surya stays for one month in each Zodiac and completes its cycle in twelve months.


How to perform the Mantras best?

Last but not the least, how to perform the mantras best? For example, how to sit, where to sit, should it be by water, what time of day is best, should you use counting beads? Sleep: Get a proper sleep during the previous night. Do not sleep a lot or too little. Arise early: Get up as early as possible but before the Sunrise. This is called Brahma muhurta and is between 2AM to 6AM; the best time is 4AM for chanting the Mantras. This helps you get maximum from the Mantras. Take a bath with clean water. It depends on the weather to go for warm, hot or cold water for the bath. Clothes: Wear clean clothes. Make sure that you wear comfortable clothes so that you can finish the Mantras in one sitting. Most people choose Yellow dhoti or sari on special occasion. However, you may choose according to your choice

and availability of clean and comfortable clothes. You must not wear shoes or anything. Place: Choose a clean as well as pure place to sit. If possible, choose a place where a running water source is available. The soft voice of the running water helps in creating perfect environment. However, it is not compulsory. You may choose a calm and quiet place. Direction: During day time, choose East or North direction and during night, choose north direction to sit. Sitting Position: Sit on the ground and sit erect, keep the body still while chanting the Mantras. You must not sit on a chair, bed, or table. Unless you are medically required to sit on the bed, you must sit on the ground on a cotton mattress. Do not use synthetic material to sit. Rosary: Rosary (the beads) should be held in right hand when you chant the Mantras. Take the rosary in right hand, just between your ring finger and the middle finger. Move the beads with your thumb and middle finger and while doing this, keep your hand just near your heart. Make sure the rosary does not touch your leg or the ground, to avoid this; you may use your left hand. The beads must move, while chanting Mantras, in the direction towards you in clockwise direction. When you complete each round of the complete Mantra, you must move one bead. There will be a separator in the rosary that helps in knowing when a round is complete. Make sure to cover the rosary with a cloth when you are using it so that no one can see it. Voice: Chant the Mantra in a soft voice so that only you can hear it. This is a perfect way of chanting Mantras. Break: During the chanting of Mantras, if you feel you need to go to bathroom, you must avoid this but if it is not possible then you must complete the current round of the rosary and then get up. Eyes: Keep you eyes open, glued to a spot in the front. Do not close them else you may fall asleep during the chanting. How often: You may chant a Mantra 11 times or 108 times and in multiples of 108. But remember, once you fix the number, you may increase it but can never decrease it.


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