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U:

Where fashion and architecture collide:

Shinmi Park Gender equity: sliding backwards What you do and don't want: UTS writers' anthology The 1967 referendum: looking back

iSSUE

The magazine of the University of Technology, Sydney

The University of Technology, Sydney is an Australian University with an international focus. It provides higher education to enhance professional practice, to serve the community at large and to enable students to reach their full personal and career potential. Through its promotion of learning and pursuit of research and creative practice, the University contributes to the advancement and integration of knowledge, professional skills and technology, and their intelligent, sustainable and enterprising application for the benefit of humanity.

Around U:

Patrick White recovered (Nobel Laureate for Literature 1973)

Wednesday 9 May 7.00pm to 8.30pm Bldg 2 room 4.13 Professor Peter McNeil, Professor Margaret Harris and David Marr draw on recently-uncovered archives to reconsider White's writing, social activism and life.

Kicking over the traces: creativity and the archive

U:CONTENTS

Wednesday 9 May 2.00pm to 4.30pm Bldg 1 room 4.06 Professor Ross Gibson, Kate Richards and Dr Peter Doyle present a seminar on two projects using the Police and Justice Museum archive of crime scene photographs to explore creative processes in using archival material in historical accounts and art.

03 UTS and Beautiful Minds: Vicki Sara Pushing the boundaries of Australian literature 04:05 Cane toads with personality Gender equity slides: Emma Partridge 06:07 True migrants What you do and don't want: Conrad Walters 08:09 Where fashion and architecture collide: Vicki Karaminas The brain drain 10 Comic cuts: the UTS cartoon Oztalk Fewer complications for relaxed patients Materials conservation explained 11 1967 looking back: Nicole Watson 12:13 Telling interactive tales Building networks A healthy love of the law 14:15 U: read it Getting the basics right U: said it Welcome to new staff U: toon: Nick Van Doninck 16 U: Endevour

Patrick White's Plays: Nobel Literature in the theatre

Wednesday 16 May 7.00pm to 8.30pm Bldg 2 room 4.13 Professor Elizabeth Webby and Katharine Brisbane discuss White's plays and their reception in Australia convened by Dr Jacqueline Martin.

Translating Gao Xingjian, Nobel Laureate for Literature 2000

Wednesday 23 May 7.00pm to 8.30pm Bldg 2 room 4.13 Dr Mabel Lee's translation of Gao Xingjian's novel Soul Mountain and his other work.

Nobel Literature as a translated experience: translator's roundtable

Contributors: Ann Hobson Lucy Hall Helen Julleriat Vicki Karaminas Kate Kirk Marea Martlew Stephen Muecke Paul Redmond Katrina Schlunke Jaine Stockler Conrad Walters Nicole Watson Printer: R&M Graphics

Wednesday 30 May 7.00pm to 8.30pm Bldg 2 room 4.13

U: is published by UTS for staff, students and members of our external community. It is also online: www.u.uts.edu.au U: provides a voice for the university community. As such the views expressed in U: are not necessarily the views of the university or the editorial team. Readers are encouraged to contribute or offer story ideas and send feedback on articles or the magazine in general. The deadline for submissions for the next issue is Thursday 11 May 2007. U: reserves the right to edit as it sees fit any material submitted for publication. Circulation: 5000 copies circulated on UTS campuses and to the external community. UTS has more than 32 000 students and 2500 staff. Next issue published 4 June 2007. Send contributions or comment to: [email protected] Marketing and Communication Unit, University of Technology, Sydney, PO Box 123, Broadway NSW 2007 Australia To add your name to our mailing list or email alert contact Su McInerney 02 9514 1603 or [email protected]

UTS CRICOS Provider Code: 00099F ISSN No. 1833-4113

Media enquiries: Terry Clinton 02 9514 1623 Editor: Frances Morgan 02 9514 1971 [email protected] Editorial team: Manisha Amin Su McInerney Jacqui Wise Art direction and design: Linda Roumanos Cover photo: Sung-Eun Park

See details about the Nobel Beautiful Minds program and make bookings at www.nobel.uts.edu.au

9.00am to 5.00 pm 26 and 27 May 2007 Investigates and explores the role that fashion has played in fictional narratives from the 19th century to the present. All Welcome. For details see www.dab.uts.edu.au/newsevents/

Fashion in Fiction: an international transdisciplinary conference

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UTS and Beautiful Minds:

I believe the Nobel Prize is the most prestigious award in the world - the Olympic medal for intellectual fields of human endeavour. Australians should be very proud of the fact that a country our size has been so successful in winning Nobel Prizes. Because I worked in Sweden for so many years I was fortunate to meet, and be influenced by, a number of Nobel Prize winners. Each of them was truly inspirational in what they had achieved and what they had gone through to succeed. They were guiding lights for my career. When I was in Sweden last year, the Australian Ambassador told me that Australia was likely to miss out on the exhibition because they could not find a venue. I rang the Vice-Chancellor and asked him if we could host the exhibition and his immediate response was "yes." The exhibition celebrates the creativity and determination of hundreds of individuals who have won the respect of their colleagues, and the world, by doing something truly groundbreaking. They have changed the way we think about ourselves and the world we live in. Most laureates were criticised at a critical step because their ideas were different. For example, when I met Roslyn Yalow (Nobel Laureate Medicine/Physiology, 1977) she related her experiences of working in a male dominated field and how she could not get her papers published because the ideas were so revolutionary. What is wonderful is that Roslyn and many other Nobel Laureates were determined and continued despite the obstacles ­ they continued to believe in themselves and their ideas. Interestingly, I doubt many at those early stages would have been funded under the peer-reviewed funding systems of their era. The way that people at UTS have worked to ensure the success of the Beautiful Minds exhibition shows that we value excellence and that our relationships with local and global communities are important to us at a personal and institutional level. This "can do" culture at UTS is something we should be very proud of. UTS has an attitude and culture that wants to do things for the betterment of society ­ something many Nobel Laureates would relate to. The exhibition shows how strongly we are engaged with not just the local but more broadly with the global community. Beautiful Minds is our opportunity to give something back to Sydney especially the people, community groups and schools who will visit the exhibition. I hope, like I experienced many years ago, the Nobel Prize will stimulate young people to strive after excellence and encourage their creativity

Professor Vicki Sara, Chancellor Photographer: Sherran Evans Image: Networks by sculptor Helena Hietanen and architecht Mikko Summanen

BEaUtifUl miNDS.

Pushing the boundaries of Australian literature:

What began as a conversation between Senior Lecturer in Writing Dr Catherine Cole, and ABC Radio National Producer Dr Lyn Gallacher, about the need to push the boundaries of Australian literature, has become a two-year funded project to do just that. Australian Literature Compendium is a multimedia project that will use podcasts, an e-journal and DVD teaching guides to encourage the study and appreciation of Australian literature. "We certainly need to draw the debate about our country's writing away from the narrow focus on why people aren't reading it anymore," said Cole. "This project will venture into a more contemporary domain, examining writing as cultural and creative practice and offering readers different ways to access contemporary texts." Dr Gallacher, who produces the daily radio program The Book Show, said that the alliance with UTS "will allow our listeners to develop a deeper appreciation of Australian literature. More in-depth programs are exactly what listeners want." According to Cole, "The whole faculty has potential to be involved in this project. We teach writing and cultural studies in ways that are practice-based and we encourage people to pursue their ideas creatively, making us an ideal partner." Dean of the faculty Professor theo van leeuwen said, "Our students are eager to engage with Australian writing that reflects the world in which they live. Indigenous, multicultural, multi-voiced and using technology they take for granted in their everyday lives. This project will form an excellent teaching tool for writers, researchers, and teachers in universities and schools everywhere." The Copyright Agency Limited (CAL) has provided $150 000 to fund the two-year project. Aside from developing a website and an e-journal, Cole and Gallacher hope to engage a cohort of interested writers and scholars to participate. The project will be launched during the Sydney Writers' Festival this month.

Photographer: Sherran Evans

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Cane toads

Toad of Toad Hall (of Wind in the Willows fame) and so too do some real life toads.

Dr Peter Biro, who has researched the evolution and behaviour of fish, has turned his gaze to Cane Toads. The toads were imported from Hawaii and introduced to Australia in 1935 to control beetles that damaged or killed sugar cane. They failed and reproduced themselves at such a rate they have since invaded more than a million square kilometres. Biro suggests that toads may be evolving greater boldness, and that boldness traits are facilitating the rapid invasion of Australia. "The indications are that animals have personalities like humans. Some are shy while others are bold, some are more active and others aren't. These predispositions determine how well they survive in an environment. For example, bold and aggressive animals feed rapidly, reproduce well, but are eaten by predators more often than shy individuals. "Animal populations often display variation in behavioural traits particularly when adapting to changing conditions. Research suggests that the way animals balance the need to feed with the risk of being eaten is important. It's a trade off between the two that affects populations. If we know how species balance their survival prospects we can predict population sizes." Biro suggests that a genetic component to behaviour provides a basis on which natural selection can act. "Sometimes being bold is good for population sustainability but when a lot of predators are around it's better to be shy of them. We imagine this variation in behaviour is the insurance mechanism." Cane toads, which are large and toxic, have disrupted native competitors and competitors that might eat them have declined in numbers. Biro suggests the invaders have

Gender equal

Gender equity and participation are vital elements of a socially sustainable society ­ one that is just, equitable, inclusive and democratic and that provides a decent quality of life for current and future generations. Emma Partridge, social researcher at the Institute for Sustainable Futures, teamed up with Dr Sarah Maddison at UNSW to write a gender report for the Australian National University's Democratic Audit of Australia. They found that Australia, once a leader in establishing equality between men and women, has slid backwards over the past decade. Australia once set benchmarks in increasing women's influence over public decisionmaking; in promoting gendered analysis of public policies to ensure equal benefit for women; in enshrining the principle of participatory democracy through a wellfunded and oft-consulted women's nongovernment organisation sector, and in a national commitment to legislative and policy innovations designed to enhance women's human rights and civil liberties. The Sex Discrimination Act 1984 prohibits discrimination against women, but the structures and processes that enable effective legislation -- administrative practices, policies and programs -- have been undermined. In 1996, the government cut funding to the Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission by 40 per cent, with the loss of half the staff of the Sex Discrimination Unit. From February 1997, the

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s with personality:

had a bold personality

evolved an increase in their ability to disperse. "Fellow researcher Professor in Evolutionary Biology Richard Shine from the University of Sydney measured some individuals at the invasion front that move up to 1.8 kilometres per night and found they had grown longer hind legs than toads far from the invasion front. Our theory is that the high dispersal ability of toads at the front indicates natural selection for generally bold individuals." To test their thesis Biro and his colleagues raised toad tadpoles from both the founding and invaders population under laboratory conditions and quantified activity rates and boldness under predation risk. The results showed that tadpoles from the invasion front were significantly more active in the presence and absence of risk. "There is a strong indication that the behavioural differences we observed are genetic rather than a response to environmental challenges. While it's generally thought that bolder individuals make better invaders our results suggest invasion makes bolder individuals. We think it's possible multiple behavioural traits will be selected towards boldness. Many traits that make a species highly invasive may only be found in recently colonised regions and may be rapidly selected out after population equilibrium," Biro said. This study was undertaken by Biro and colleagues at the University of Sydney ­ Mattias Haman, Dr Ben Phillips and Professor Richard Shine. Biro's participation in this research project was supported by a UTS Chancellor's Postdoctoral Fellowship.

Su McInerney Marketing and Communication Unit Photographer: Christa Beckmann

ality slides:

position of Sex Discrimination Commissioner was left vacant for fourteen months. The act cannot compel governments to continue to remove obstacles to women's equal citizenship, including balancing our work and family lives. Australia today is one of only two countries in the OECD not to have a national paid maternity leave scheme. Women formally achieved the right to equal pay in 1972, but in reality it seems to be moving further out of reach. Currently, on average, women working full time are paid almost 15 per cent less than their male colleagues. The gender pay gap, the disproportionate number of women in low paid and casual work and the low proportion of women compared to men who have adequate superannuation, are key indicators that women's access to economic resources is unequal. In a different sphere, parliamentary representation, Australia's current international ranking is its lowest ever (33rd). In 1999 we were 15th and in 1903, we were the first country in the world where women stood as candidates for the national parliament. Today, women comprise only 28.3 per cent of federal parliament. Beyond the poor numbers, however, is evidence to suggest that increasing the level of parliamentary representation of women does little to improve gender equality. While women's presence in parliament is important for symbolic reasons, an increase in the number of women in parliament does not mean that governments are more likely to introduce policies aimed at removing barriers to gender equality. Exceptional circumstances, such as the recent conscience vote in the federal parliament concerning the abortion pill (RU486), challenge this status quo, but in general, women in both major parties are bound to toe the party line. How Well Does Australian Democracy Serve Women? (available at www.democraticaudit. anu.edu.au), is Report #8 in the ANU's Democratic Audit of Australia series which aims to assess Australia's strengths and weaknesses as a democratic society.

ann Hobson Institute for Sustainable Futures Photographer: linda Roumanos A presentation of the report , given by Emma Partridge, is taking place on Tuesday 15 May from 12.00pm to 2.00pm in training Room 1, Level 6, Building 10. To register your attendance email [email protected]

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There is a strong indication that the behavioural differences we observed are genetic rather than a response to environmental challenges.

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True migrants:

A new study shows that Australian migratory birds may have more in common with their European counterparts than previously thought. The PhD study, which is in its final stages, is being undertaken by Julie Funnell under the supervision of leading Australian ornithologist Dr Ursula Munro. "This is the first time that the behaviour and physiology of a southern hemisphere migratory and non-migratory subspecies has been compared for a whole annual cycle," said Funnell. "In the northern hemisphere, migratory birds have been studied for hundreds of years. It was only 50 years ago that it was recognised that Australian native birds undertake annual migrations." The researchers set out to prove that Tasmanian silvereyes, which migrate as far as north as Queensland, are truly migratory. They did this by comparing the activity, moult, body weight, fat levels, diet and orientation patterns of the Tasmanian silvereye to its non-migratory counterpart, the mainland silvereye. Sixteen of the tiny Tasmanian silvereyes (which weigh up to 12 grams each) were captured near Hobart and flown to Sydney to be studied for 17 months. Thirteen mainland birds were captured to be monitored over the same period. The birds were placed in special cages designed to measure their movement and orientation. "We found that the migratory birds did orient in the right direction at the right time of year. They did that for over a year in captivity which shows that it's an internal thing that they spontaneously develop, which strongly suggests a genetic basis." The moult patterns of the Tasmanian silvereyes also showed similarities to northern hemisphere migratory birds. "The Tasmanian silvereyes moulted earlier and faster than the mainland birds, this is because they've got to get it all done in time to migrate." The Tasmanian birds also carried more fat than the mainland birds. This, says Funnell, is what you would expect from migratory birds; they need to store fat for their long trip. The researchers found silvereyes to share similarities with northern hemisphere birds known as blackcaps, which also have migratory and non-migratory subspecies. One of findings that set Tasmanian birds apart from their migratory northern hemisphere counterparts, however, was a strong pattern of nectar consumption but a relatively low consumption of fruit. "Australian native vegetation is not heavy on fruit so the birds' diet is different. Studies on some northern hemisphere birds indicate that they eat a lot more fruit before migration but the nectar consumption of Tasmanian silvereyes does not appear to be linked to migration. Tasmanian

Frances Morgan Marketing and Communication Unit Photographer: Joanne Saad

Tasmanian silvereyes

silvereyes ate more mealworms (beetle larvae) and this appeared to be linked to migration. It is important for us to understand their dietary patterns because these birds are seen as pests in some areas like vineyards." "With the advent of global warming, it has become more important than ever for us to find out more about the migratory patterns of Australian birds," said Funnell. "Understanding their diet and patterns of migration will assist in planning for the effects of climate change."

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What you do and don't want:

We've all met wannabe authors, convinced they have a bestseller inside them. They talk about their brilliant idea and their brilliant self. Whenever I hear one of these monologues, I tune out and focus on a simple adage: writers write. But since serving as an editor for this year's UTS Anthology, I've awoken to a corollary: writers write, and editors reject. If that sounds negative or harsh, read on. The process behind rejection may give you cause for optimism ­ especially if you've been stung by the dreaded `thanks, but no thanks' letter. some 450 000 words. I was so daunted I took a week off work between Christmas and New Year to bull my way through a metre's worth of the anonymous manuscripts. In mid-January, we reconvened to compare notes. I had offered my house for our meeting, boasting that my large dining room table was up to the task. In fact, we could barely squeeze around it for all the papers (and wine). Over the next four hours, I learned how variable the opinions of editors can be. I had assumed we would independently zero in on the best pieces of writing. Nothing could be less true. Each of us found works we could enthusiastically support, pieces we would be proud to put in a book with our own names discretely listed in the back. But we had virtually no consensus. I was astonished. Here were seven experienced writers assessing the same pieces on simple, definable criteria. Did the piece have something to say? Was it engaging? Innovative? Did the characters ring true?

Good writing is good writing, right? Not necessarily says Conrad Walters.

During that long night, we culled our pile to 65 pieces, which we subsequently re-read and re-ranked. Opinions shifted, but not by much. Two long meetings later, we finally agreed what to accept and, of course, what to reject. So, why is that result a cause for optimism? Because what I learned is this: rejection ensures diversity. Every piece in the anthology had passionate supporters. (I wept twice reading one nonfiction piece, but please don't tell the hardnosed journalists I work with). In the end, none of us supported every piece that made it through, and no single piece was universally endorsed. Given our lack of consensus, you could say the 2007 UTS Anthology contains 32 pieces that were rejected. I prefer to see it as a diverse book with 32 pieces that inspired passion.

Conrad Walters Student, MA in Creative Writing Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences

In November 2006, I joined six other UTS postgraduate writing students who volunteered to assess nearly 300 student submissions and whittle them into a book of 32 pieces. For the most part, these were short stories, but we also received scripts, non-fiction, poetry and various hybrids. Every editor read every piece. All up, I estimate each of us read

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learned how variable (Iopinions of editors canthe be.

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Where fashion and a collide: Shinmi Park

The work of Shinmi Park illustrates a dialogue between fashion and architecture, writes Dr Vicki Karaminas.

Fashion and architecture have always shared a reciprocal relationship based on common visual and intellectual principles. Both produce environments defined through spatial awareness and create structures based on volume, function, proportion and material. Architecture is making its presence felt in fashion through the use of pliable metals, membrane structures, lightweight glasses and flexible plastics. At the same time, contemporary architects are borrowing the techniques of pleating and draping from traditional tailoring to design buildings that are interactive, inflatable, and even portable. Comparisons of architectural gurus like Rem Koolhas, Zaha Hadid and Frank Gehry with those of fashion designers including Alexander McQueen, Commes des Garçon, Hussein Chalayan, Junya Watanabe and Issey Miyake reveal that the disciplines have much in common. Architects and fashion designers have been speaking the same language for a long time. Shinmi Park is another fashion designer and UTS postgraduate whose work explores the connections between fashion and architecture as part of her first major Australian exhibition, Shinmi Park: Changeability, the Fashion Trace at UTS Gallery from 22 May to 22 June. Taking fashion beyond the expression of trends, Park's work develops types of fashion structures that reinvent the garment as a sensual transaction between the body, interior space and the eye. Obsessively detailed, the intricately layered textures of Park's designs appear deceptively light and playful. Each garment is constructed by a kind of modular interconnection between individual pieces that can be disassembled and recombined into multiple sculptural forms according to the will of the wearer. fashion and architecture are by-products of a haunting artistic beauty that expresses, through the combination of materials and styles, a vision of desire in modernity's search for perfection." Having received her doctoral degree from Kookmin University and a Masters degree from Ewha Women's University, Korea, Park was the Director of the London base of design label Michiko Koshino, Chief Stylist for the sports brand Fila (Korea) and Style Editor of various fashion magazines over the past eight years. She specialises in practiceled design research and is a member of the Korea Fashion and Culture Association. Shinmi Park: Changeability, The Fashion Trace is presented in association with the Fashion in Fiction Conference, a creative collaboration between the Faculty of Design, Architecture and Building and the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences. This two day event on 26-27 May will host international and local scholars from fields such as English literature, architecture and interiors, history, fashion, performance art, cultural studies and creative writing as they debate the role fashion has played in fictional and non-fictional narratives from the 19th century to the present. Who ever said that fashion was frivolous?

Dr Vicki Karaminas Lecturer in Fashion Theory Faculty of Design, Architecture and Building Photographer: Sun-Eun Park Shinmi Park: Changeability. The Fashion Trace is proudly sponsored by LG Electronics. Shinmi Park: Changeability, the Fashion Trace is featuring at UTS Gallery from 22 May to 22 June. For more information visit: www.utsgallery.uts.edu.au

I think that all individuals are a living form of artwork.

"Fashion fulfils its fundamental function when worn by humans. Whether that function is to protect the body or to create a symbolic meaning, it displays its worth when met by a body," claims Park. "The action of choosing clothes and wearing them - the action of making style - is a kind of art as well as a sphere within design. I think that all individuals are a living form of artwork." Park's work considers the dialogue between modern architecture and contemporary fashion in concept as well as practice. By borrowing devices from both disciplines such as the spiral, the fold and zippers to provide the structural basis for her soft sculptures, her designs are no longer static structures for wearing but metaphors for urban life. As a postgraduate researcher in the School of Design, Shinmi Park considers the dialogue between fashion and architecture as a form of cultural expression in her everyday design practice and thinking. "From my perspective,

WIN

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For your chance to win one of two `Shinny' mobile phones and one of three `Touch Me' MP3 players visit: www.uts.edu.au/new/index.html and tell us in 20 words or less, what fashion and design means to you.

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architecture

The brain drain:

We asked students and staff if they thought they needed to work overseas to make it in their profession.

US.01 "Six months ago I was offered a job in India. They wanted

someone who had studied at an Australian university who could guide Indian students about the courses offered. The salary was approximately $60 000 Australian, which is excellent in India. I refused because I'm a research student."

Prashant Gami, Student, M Engineering (Research)

US.02 "Yes. I'm doing an international business major. I've

travelled and wanted the opportunity to work internationally. International trade is huge and the Australian market is small."

Jacqueline Hugill, Student, B Business (International Business)

US.03 "If the government gives us grants to study at university it's a

waste of government expenditure if we go overseas to work. You export the profit. I work for customs and a lot of those people have been headhunted so there is a depreciation in these activities. It costs $50 000 to train a customs cadet and if that person quits to work overseas it's a wasted investment. This problem has been on my mind."

mark Holden, Student, B Law

US.04 "Yes. The way the fashion industry is going it's all about copying

European and international designers. There's not much in terms of new markets here. I think it would be more inspiring to work overseas."

Bianca Reis, Student, B Design (Fashion and Textile)

US.05 "Yes at some stage but not straight away. I may go to the US."

ian Carmen, Student, B Science (Biomedical Science)

US.06 "I'm going to France in my last year. I wanted the opportunity to

study overseas because it gives me more options. French is an international language in a lot of economies."

thomas Stow, Student, B Bus / BA (International Studies)

US.07 "I came from the Philippines as an International student to

frances almora, Student, B Nursing

study nursing because I intend to stay and work here. My aunt who is a nurse here encouraged me to come and study here."

US.08 "The business world is becoming increasingly globalised,

such that more and more jobs are increasingly influenced by and interacting with forces outside of Australia. To rise up near the top, you can expect to need a stint of at least a few years working overseas in this sort of environment. But the employers I talk to are usually quick to dampen the expectations of graduates for overseas work placements. Most say these opportunities will come after five to ten years of service. They aren't asking for overseas experience."

Gareth Prosser, Program Manager, Bachelor of Accounting, Faculty of Business

respond [email protected] U: May 2007 :09

0.1 Comic cuts: the UTS

cartoons

Dr Michael Hill, who is director of the UTS Master of Animation program, will have an exhibition of the series of cartoons he did for the Faculty of Design, Architecture and Building and two later series, which featured in the University's U: magazine. The DAB series, Adelaide Whye: The Researcher's Life, were penned for the Faculty of Design, Architecture and Building research online website. The U: magazine cartoons Tall Tales lampooned the broader university, and Tall Tales from the Tower poked fun at the corporate side of the institution. One of the Tall Tales from the Tower - Blue deal, red Tower ­ blamed diminishing Federal funding for education for the university entering into a sponsorship deal with Virgin Blue in return for an additional revenue stream. The threeyear contract required the Tower Building be painted red. The exhibition of Hill's work, titled Comic Cuts: The UTS Cartoons, will be held at the Bunker Cartoon Gallery, Coffs Harbour from 18 May to 3 June 2007.

Su McInerney Marketing and Communication Unit

0.2 Oztalk

A database of over one million words of contemporary spoken English is being developed by Professor Diana Slade, Dr Christopher Nesbitt of the Faculty of Education and Professor Christian Matthiessen at Macquarie University. OZTALK contains spoken texts that were recorded, over the last eight years, in social contexts ranging from dinner conversations to service encounters to workplace meetings and educational settings. The recordings are then digitised, transcribed and stored in a customised multilevel database which allows, for the first time, for the data to be analysed at all levels of meaning and form: from the analysis of the social context to the analysis of the speakers' choice of intonation. The OZTALK research team are continuing to expand and extend the database as a resource and tool for researchers as well as for applied understanding of the central role of spoken English in our daily lives.

0.3 Fewer complications for

relaxed patients

The relationship between anxiety and life-threatening complications in patients who have heart attacks will be the focus of a study led by Professor Sharon McKinley of the Faculty of Nursing, Midwifery and Health. McKinley (Director of the Critical Care Nursing Professorial Unit at Royal North Shore Hospital) and her team received a US$15 000 grant from the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses. "Our past studies suggest that the more in-control patients feel after a heart attack, the fewer complications they have. We will now be able to fully investigate the impact of anxiety, which can potentially be reduced by nursing actions, on the occurrence of complications," McKinley said. Data for the project will be collected at the University of California Los Angeles, University of Kentucky, University of Washington (Seattle), Sharp Healthcare San Diego and several Sydney hospitals affiliated with UTS.

Kate Kirk Faculty of Nursing, Midwifery and Health

0.4 Materials conservation

explained

Curators who work in heritage materials conservation, and are not from a scientific background, now have a single point of reference thanks to a new book by Dr Barbara Stuart from the Faculty of Science. Analytical Techniques in Materials Conservation was commissioned by publishers John Wiley and Sons to address a growing interest in the application of analytical chemistry techniques in the field of heritage materials conservation. "Most major museums have laboratories but often don't know how to utilise the equipment fully," said Stuart. "The tradition of analytical chemistry techniques overlaps quite well into museum conservation practices. Identifying, protecting and establishing the provenance of objects is all part of materials conservation and uses analytical chemistry techniques." The book is also designed for students of materials conservation.

Marea Martlew Faculty of Science

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1967 looking back:

Sunday 27 May 2007 will mark the fortieth anniversary of the referendum commonly celebrated as a national pledge to addressing indigenous disadvantage. The Constitution Alteration (Aboriginals) Bill 1967 was passed through both houses of the Commonwealth Parliament without a single dissenting vote and approved by 90.8 per cent of Australian voters. Three decades later, Justice Kirby would reflect that, "In the history of Australian constitutional referenda, no other such vote has come close to the unique political and popular consensus demonstrated in the 1967 referendum on aborigines." Contrary to popular belief, the constitutional provisions in question did not exclude indigenous people from the franchise. Rather, the 1967 referendum was primarily concerned with giving the Commonwealth power to pass special laws for indigenous people. This required amendment of s 51: "The Parliament shall, subject to this Constitution, have power to make laws for the peace, order, and good government of the Commonwealth with respect to (xxvi): ­ The people of any race, other than the aboriginal race in any State, for whom it is deemed necessary to make special laws." As a result of the successful campaign the words, "other than the aboriginal race in any State" were deleted. Taking advantage of its new power, the Commonwealth Parliament subsequently enacted legislation that would come to symbolise the policy of indigenous selfdetermination, such as the Aboriginal Land Rights (Northern Territory) Act 1976, the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Island Commission Act 1989 (Cth) and the Native Title Act 1993 (Cth). This policy came to an end with the election of the Howard Government in 1996. Two years later the Commonwealth enacted the Native Title Amendment Act, fulfilling the Liberal Party's election promise of "bucket-loads of extinguishment." Indigenous rights were also curtailed by the Hindmarsh Island Bridge Act 1997 (Cth), that prevented the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Heritage Protection Act 1984 (Cth) from applying to lands and waters sacred to the Ngarrindjeri women. The High Court upheld the constitutional validity of the Hindmarsh Island Bridge Act 1997 (Cth), but left open the question of whether s 51(xxvi) could be used to pass laws discriminatory against indigenous people.

Nicole Watson reflects on the 1967 referendum.

In spite of the numerous attacks on indigenous rights in recent years, the referendum is still celebrated by many as an inspirational triumph of the human spirit. As the renowned indigenous leader, Uncle Chicka Dixon reflected: " ... of course you can't neglect the point that we got through the referendum on a nine to one majority, and referendums in this country, of history, have been defeated. So 90 per cent of white Australia was saying, `Get off your arse and do something for aboriginal people.' And that was worthwhile. Very, very enlightening." In order to commemorate the fortieth anniversary of the referendum, the Jumbunna Indigenous House of Learning has produced a DVD documenting the history of the campaign and examining the gulf between the recent use of s 51(xxvi) and the aspirations of those at the coalface in 1967.

Nicole Watson, Research Fellow, Jumbunna Indigenous House of Learning Photographer: Carmen Lees We have two copies of the DVD to give away. Email [email protected] for your chance to win.

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...the 1967 referendum was primarily concerned with giving the Commonwealth power to pass special laws for indigenous people.

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The referendum was the culmination of campaigns such as the Freedom Rides through rural New South Wales, and those that had been fought decades earlier by the Aborigines Progressive Association. Like the African American civil rights movement, the campaign was also dependent upon the courageous actions of everyday people who were inspired by the promise of racial equality.

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Building networks:

If you ask UTS Master of Business Administration student, Allen Lui what he did in the nineties, he'll tell you, "I built the internet in Australia." As an internet network engineer working for some of Australia's largest telecommunication companies, Lui travelled all over the country, making the physical connections that formed Australia's internet network. Today, as a UTS Peer Networker and Tandem buddy, Lui is most interested in the human elements of communication. A part-time student at UTS since 1999, Lui joined the Peer Network and Tandem programs after a year of full-time study in 2006 changed his perspective on university. "I realised UTS has two lives," says Lui. "In the daytime, people are friendly and have time to interact. At night it's like a corporation, swarming with business people who attend classes then just want to go home." As an experienced UTS student, Lui saw a chance to contribute to the UTS community, fostering connections between students as a trained volunteer. Lui says he has relished the chance to form close connections with the several hundred other volunteers in the Peer Network, who assist thousands of new students during orientation. Through Tandem, he has established a strong friendship with a new international student from Vietnam, helping his buddy to settle in at UTS. In March, Lui organised a hugely successful Tandem and Peer Network walk for the 75th anniversary of the Harbour Bridge. Lui says, "Some people tell me `I can't wait to get out of uni', but I'm dreading the day I finish. This is a great community."

Rachael Quigley Student Services Unit Photographer: Joanne Saad To learn more about the Peer Network and Tandem programs, or to join, visit: www.ssu.uts.edu.au/ peernetwork or www.ssu.uts.edu.au/tandem

A healthy love for the law:

Law and medicine run in Iris Thompson's family so it didn't surprise them that she opted to study for a degree in law and another in medical science. "I enrolled at UTS because it was the only University in Sydney that offered these degrees and it was an excellent choice. The law degree is practice-based and gave me the option to complete practical legal training as part of the degree, which I did. Also, being located in the city proved very useful when applying for summer clerkships with top law firms. "Studying for a double degree gave me a professional advantage and I found it refreshing after lectures on complex cases to do laboratory tests and write reports." Thompson, who completed her studies late last year, has joined the top tier law firm Minter Ellison, which has a focus on the health industry. "I'm particularly interested in doing a rotation in their intellectual property group. IP is very important to the health industry. When I was a summer clerk I was fortunate to work on a large dispute for our client Angiotech, which involved entitlements of co-patentees. The company is a world leader in the emerging field of biomaterials and hi-tech medical devices. They have patents around the world covering their novel coronary stent, which has been a breakthrough in reducing complications following surgery to repair blood vessels." In her spare time Thompson works on pro bono matters as part of the firm's Community Investment Program. She is currently working on three initiatives one of which is a project with a top construction company that is providing free services to build a youth centre. She also finds time to exercise, play the flute, and take jazz dance classes. Thompson will graduate with a Bachelor of Laws with First Class Honours and Bachelor of Medical Science later this month.

Su McInerney Marketing and Communication Unit Photographer: Joanne Saad

:12

Telling interactive tales:

Self-confessed technology geek and graduate of the UTS B Communication (Media Arts and Production), Carla Drago, decided to enrol in a Masters in Interactive Multimedia, after spending a lot of time on the web and seeing how influential it was becoming. Drago, who worked as a director on television programs such as All Saints and Young Lions as well as a writer and producer of documentaries and commercials, says, "I felt that there was a need for people with conventional story telling skills in new media." After enrolling in the Masters program she began working as a producer for new media solutions provider, Massive. One of her most recent projects ­ Bigpond Movie downloads ­ was nominated for an Emmy last month for best interactive TV service. "The program allows you to download programs onto your computer and watch them through your TV. One of the most novel aspects is that you can navigate

the system using your remote control. It's bringing the internet into home entertainment." Studying interactive multimedia, says Drago, has provided her with a sound understanding of digital media technology. "The course is designed for people from different disciplines to utilise their skills in individual projects, which is very similar to how it works in the commercial world." Although a self-described technology geek, Drago does not espouse the use of technology for technology's sake. "It doesn't matter what medium you're using, it's about how you tell an engaging story with it. In that sense online is no different to reading a book."

frances morgan Marketing and Communication Unit Photographer: Joanne Saad

U: May 2007

:13

U:read it

So Many Selves

By: Gabrielle Cary Publisher: Allen and Unwin

Corporate Governance and Sustainability

Edited by: Suzanne Benn and Dexter Dunphy Publisher: Routledge

A Curious Intimacy

By: Jessica White Publisher: Penguin Australia

"The act of writing is... the ritual of confession reconfigured for a secular society." Gabrielle Carey confesses herself (herselves?) to us in this series of three autobiographical essays. Literary and media attention has focused on the first of these "Confessions of a teenage celebrity," which recounts her intense friendship and writing partnership with Kathy Lette as the Salami Sisters; a partnership which created the notorious novel (and film), Puberty Blues. Occasionally ribald, this essay made me laugh a lot, mostly wryly, through the grimy lens of my own often painful teenage memories (The tribes of the Salami Sisters' Shire and of my own country town bear strange resemblances). The two pieces which follow detail Carey's continuing search for spirituality, authenticity and love, in Ireland and in Mexico. Thoughtful and thoughtprovoking throughout, this book of reflections on a life very thoroughly lived will satisfy on many levels.

Jaine Stockler Research and Innovation Office Gabrielle Carey is a sessional lecturer in the postgraduate writing program of the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences

Sustainability, climate change, corporate social responsibility and corporate governance are on all lips at the moment. How are we to live without impairing the ability of future generations to satisfy their needs? This important collection addresses the challenges presented by and for the business corporation as the principal player in economic development. What transformation of corporate governance systems is necessary if business behaviour is to achieve sustainability and meet wider social expectations? Several essays explore weaknesses in the dominant model of economic liberalism and its conception of corporate purpose in terms of maximising shareholder value. Others point to new governance models and emerging practices compatible with sustainability criteria. The collection nicely joins practical with theoretical perspectives especially in the spine of contributions by Benn and Dunphy. Their UTS colleague Thomas Clarke argues persuasively for a revitalised stakeholder model that embeds sustainability in governance. The collection offers thoughtful diagnoses and directions for what is perhaps the most pressing issue of our time.

Paul Redmond Sir Gerard Brennan Professor of Law Faculty of Law Dr Suzanne Benn is Senior Lecturer in the Faculty of Business Professor Dexter Dunphy is Distinguished Professor in the Faculty of Business

What can a contemporary writer tell us about the late nineteenth century that writers of the time didn't, or couldn't? A Curious Intimacy is touted as "a sensuous story of forbidden love and longing." Forbidden, in not only being adulterous but between women. Under Ingrid Markham's influence Ellyn Ives learns to reconsider her rejection of the "bizarre, sinister and ugly" Australian bush to realise that beauty exists beyond her beloved English rose garden. It seems Ingrid and Ellyn are intended to inspire the reader. Ingrid is an accomplished botanist and illustrator who is conversant with English literature (Middlemarch is published during the course of the novel); she can ride and shoot, understands the local indigenous languages and (notwithstanding her comfortable home with its domestic servants in staid Adelaide) she can cook, wash, and fix water pumps and chicken coops. She acts with integrity and strength on every occasion and, unlike the heroines of my favourite nineteenth century novels, seems to have nothing to learn or regret. It is an interesting read and if, as a matter of principle, you believe in encouraging new writers, by all means buy and read A Curious Intimacy. But if you want an incomparable literary exploration of strong and intelligent women who struggle for independence in a confining society, (re)read Middlemarch.

Helen Juillerat Governance Support Unit Jessica White is a graduate of the MA in Writing.

Getting the basics right:

A report written by Institute for Sustainable Futures (ISF) researchers on the role of domestic water and sanitation in reducing poverty and achieving sustainable development in our region (Getting the Basics Right, Water and Sanitation in South East Asia and the Pacific) has recently been released. As Australia's overseas development aid assistance is set to double over the next four years, the institute was commissioned by World Vision Australia and Water Aid Australia to provide research evidence to contribute to the debate on how best to direct investments. ISF researchers Cynthia mitchell, Juliet Willetts and Naomi Carrard found an alarming number of people lack water and sanitation in our region. In South-East Asia and the Pacific in 2004, 100 million people were estimated to be living without safe water and 185 million without adequate sanitation. They found widespread and indisputable evidence of the causal links between lack of safe water and sanitation and health impacts such as high infant mortality; related economic impacts such as reduced productivity because of increased illness and caring burdens; and reduced potential because of sick days from school, or time out of school to fetch water, particularly for girls. The report makes a number of recommendations on how AusAID, the Australian Government aid agency, can improve its investment in water and sanitation to promote development, economic growth and productivity in the region.

lucy Hall Institute for Sustainable Futures The report Getting the Basics Right, Water and Sanitation in South East Asia and the Pacific can be downloaded from www.isf.uts.edu.au

:14

U: Said it

US.01 "It would be nice to think that our graduates can be

responsible designers and help change our society's terrible throw away habits."

alison Gwilt, Faculty of Design, Architecture and Building. Ragtrader

Welcomestaff: to new

adrian Bancilhon, IT Support Officer, Information Technology Division Bert Bongers, Associate Professor, Faculty of Design, Architecture and Building Dr Suzanne Brownhill, Research Assistant, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences mark Capogreco, Research Associate, Faculty of Business Elita Carlucci, Student Administrator, Institute for International Studies Ben Casimir, Serials and Interlending Assistant, University Library Dr John Geweke, Distinguished Professor, Faculty of Business tiffany Hambley, Research Assistant, Faculty of Law Suyin Hor, Research Assistant, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences Rob Joyner, AVS Officer, Audio Visual Services Dr Boda Kang, Research Associate, Faculty of Business marilyn Katrib, Lecturer, Faculty of Science Hugo lazo, AVS Officer, Audio Visual Services Keirin mcCormack, Administrative Officer, Faculty of Education Jenni millbank, Professor, Faculty of Law anna Neo, Executive Assistant, Faculty of Education Gauri Pradhan, Administrative Assistant, Faculty of Engineering Odessa Saukuru, Administrative and Finance Officer, Marketing and Communication Unit Beryl Segers, Executive Assistant, Information Technology Division fiona Smith, Academic and Cultural Activities Officer, Jumbunna Indigenous House of Learning Deva thevarajah, Manager, Student Systems, Student Administration Unit Dr Sally Varnham, Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Law Professor Kenneth Waldron, Professor, Faculty of Engineering

maureen Grinter Human Resources Unit

US.02 "If you recycle aluminium you get a lot more benefit than

from recycling glass but, overall, glass is better [for the environment]."

Professor Stuart White, Director, Institute for Sustainable Futures. The Sydney Morning Herald

US.03 UTS curator Peter McNeil said the exhibition showed a

common thread among the laureates. "They've had someone in their childhood who allows them to be experimental to some degree."

Peter mcNeil, Faculty of Design, Architecture and Building on Beautiful Minds the centennial exhibition of the Nobel prizes. The Australian

US.04 "Unlike all other democracies, Australia does not have a

charter of rights. And, unlike Victoria and the ACT, neither does NSW. Indeed, in 1997 the High Court found that Australian law did not protect any of those rights."

Professor larissa Behrendt, Director of Research Jumbunna Indigenous House of Learning. The Sydney Morning Herald

US.05 `The first question is simply this: is it sustainable to regularly

travel long distances, by plane or otherwise? If we want to care for the environment can we continue to holiday in the same way with a clear conscience?"

Professor Stephen Wearing, Faculty of Business. The Sydney Morning Herald

US.06 "Housing affordability was improved in early phases when

three-storey apartments dominated the program. But subsequent emphases on townhouses and then on highrise apartments in inner-city areas have usually resulted in prices higher than the average Sydney dwelling price, or else sacrificed good urban design for affordability.

U:toon

Dr Glen Searle, Faculty of Design, Architecture and Building on the unpopular progress of urban consolidation in Sydney since the 1980s. The Sydney Morning Herald

US.07 "How, in this country, have we got our public policy into such a

situation that universities are restricted to that level of funding per student but we let the school system flourish with that diversity," he said. "That public policy is a disgrace."

Ross milbourne, Vice Chancellor. The Australian

Write to: Your views U: Email: [email protected] fax: 02 9514 1971

Letters must be 100 words or less, contain the writer's full name and daytime telephone number and may be edited for purposes of clarity or space. The writer of the letter judged best, by the editorial team, published in June will win a Hoyts Cinema pass.

Nick Van Doninck is a former stand- up comedian and broadsheet comic artist. He is alos a recent graduate of the Master of Animation.

U: May 2007

:15

Endeavour:

T

In March this year Katrina Schlunke and Stephen Muecke sailed on the replica HMB Endeavour for a week from Hobart to Devonport. Their trip was a part of their ARC Discovery Grant `Voyages of Myth: Captain Cook in the Popular Imagination.'

Our interest was in how Cook is made known to so many different people in often quite intimate and emotional ways where he becomes an "experience" rather than an "historical figure." On the Endeavour some people wanted to think they were re-enacting history, with comments like: "Imagine what it must have been like for Cook's sailors in the Southern ocean, up on the yards furling the sails in the sub-zero temperatures!" We slept in hammocks just like we imagined Cook's sailors did. We swabbed the decks in the morning. But there were always moments of incongruity. The cleaning period was ironically called "Happy Hour," and, incidentally, there was no issue of rum. For us, working in cultural studies, the trip, between extreme sport (scrambling up the shrouds), naval routine and tourism you pay good money for, was a voyage into Australian identity. Circling around the figure of Cook are ideas about indigenous sovereignty, about white peoples' still nervous belonging, and there is excitement in reassessing our western philosophical and scientific traditions. There are too many Captain Cooks!

Dr Katrina Schlunke and Professor Stephen muecke, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences

:16

Photographer: Katrina Schlunke

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Chapter 1: Introduction