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Veterinarski fakultet Sarajevo - Casopis Veterinaria Vol. 52, Broj 1-4

PUBLIKACIJE VETERINARSKOG FAKULTETA U SARAJEVU "VETERINARIA"

Vol. 52, Broj 1-4

ÈASOPIS VETERINARIA

Vol. 52, Broj 1-4

SADRZAJ - CONTEST Svezak 1-4 Numbers Skrijelj R., Korjeniæ E., Guzina Narcisa Populacije riba hidroakumulacije Grabovica The fish population of Grabovica hydroreservoir Suljkanoviæ A., Podzo K., Sabanoviæ M., Podzo M. Rezultati testa termo rezistencije (TTR) u dozama doboko smrznute sperme (DSS) bikova odmrzavanim na razlièitim temperaturama i njihov odnos sa rezultatima bioloskog pokusa The results of thermo resistance test on deep frozen semen of bulls defrosted at different degrees and their relation with the results of biologic experiment Softiæ Almira, Gagiæ A., Kustura Aida, Goletiæ T., Alibegoviæ-Zeèiæ Fahira, Kavazoviæ Aida, Residbegoviæ Emina Probiotski uèinak na rast pojedinih dijelova tijela tovnih piliæa Probiotic influence to the gain of some body parts in broilers Saraèeviæ Lejla, Muratoviæ S., Steiner Z., Driniæ Milanka, Gradasèeviæ N., Mihalj A., Samek D. Nivoi aktivnosti prirodnih i vjestaèkih radionuklida u lancu tlo - trava ­ vuna Radioactivity levels of natural and artificial radionuclides in chain soil - grass ­ wool

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VETERINARIA ZBORNIK RADOVA IZ OBLASTI ANIMALNE PROIZVODNJE PERIODICAL ON THE ANIMAL PRODUCTION Izdavaè: Veterinarski fakultet Univerziteta u Sarajevu Udruzenja veterinara i veterinarskih tehnièara BiH

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Odgovorni urednik: Pasiæ Semso Izvrsni urednik:

Crnkiæ Æazim

Redakcioni Kolegij:

Alibegoviæ-Zeèiæ Fahira, Crnkiæ Æazim,

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Residbegoviæ Emina, Kustura Aida, Goletiæ T., Gagiæ A. Adenovirusne infekcije kod tovnih piliæa Adenoviral infections in the broilers

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Podzo M., Suljkanoviæ A., Sabanoviæ M. Repruduktivni pokazatelji importiranih simentalskih plotkinja i autohtonih plotkinja u tipu simentalske pasmine Reproductive indicators at the imported breeding cows of simmental breed and at the simmental crossbred domestic breeding cows Omeragiæ J. Istrazivanje toksokaroze na podruèju Hercegovine (Izvod iz magistarskog rada) Toxocarosis investigation in Herzegovina region (Excerpt from the Thesis for M.Sc. Degree) Mornjakoviæ Zakira, Alièelebiæ Selma, Susko I., Beganoviæ Amira, Æosoviæ E., Arslanagiæ R. Udio pinealne zlijezde u histofizioloskim promjenama nadbubrezne zlijezde u totalno ozraèenih pacova Role of pineal gland in histophysiologic changes of adrenal gland in whole body irradiated rats Krniæ J., Podzo M., Hodziæ Aida, Hamamdziæ M., Pasiæ-Juhas Eva, Mihaljeviæ Milena Metabolièki profil krava u laktaciji i peripartalno Metabolic profile in cows during the lactation and peripartal period Korjenic E., Skrijelj R., Guzina Narcisa Dobna i spolna struktura populacija riba hidroakumulacije Grabovica The fish population of Grabovica hydroreservoir - age and sex structure Hodziæ Aida, Hamamdziæ M., Gagiæ A., Krniæ J., Kadriæ M., Mihaljeviæ Milena, Kurspahiæ A. Dob kao faktor utjecaja na nivo ukupnog holesterola u jajetu koka nosilja Age as a factor affecting egg total cholesterol level in laying hens

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Èaklovica Faruk, Kadiæ Muhamed, Muminoviæ Mehmed, Pasiæ Semso, Saraèeviæ Lejla - svi Veterinarski fakultet, Sarajevo, Andrijaniæ Milan, Veterinarski zavod, Mostar, Boguæanin Hamid, Poljoprivredni fakultet, Sarajevo, Burgu Ibrahim, Veterinarski fakultet, Ankara, Ferizbegoviæ Jasmin, Veterinarska stanica, Tuzla, Hartung Joerg, Veterinarski fakultet, Hanover, Jimenez Marcel, Veterinarski fakultet, Barcelona, Porodi Margherita, Veterinarski fakultet, Milano, Pumarola Marti, Veterinarski fakultet, Barcelona, Sariæ Milenko, Veterinarski institut, Banja Luka, Telaloviæ Amir, Kantonalna veterinarska inspekcija, Bihaæ.

Ureðivaèki savjet:

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Arnautoviæ Ibrahim, Dzuviæ Abdulah, Hadziomeroviæ Zijah, Hadzoviæ Safet, Hamamdziæ Muhidin, Lokvanèiæ Hamdo, Milanoviæ Ante, Muteveliæ Ahmed, Nevjestiæ Ante, Ozegoviæ Ladislav ­ svi Veterinarski fakultet, Sarajevo, Likar Rade, Novi Grad, Omanoviæ Hilmo, Cazin, Selak Vjekoslav, Poljoprivredni fakultet, Sarajevo. Lektori: Hrnjeviæ Subhija, prof. za bosanski jezik Ugrinèiæ Branka, prof. za engleski jezik Vol. 52, Broj 1-4, Str. 1-243 Sarajevo, 2003. Stampa: FABULAS-ABC D.O.O. Sarajevo.

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Habes S., Èaklovica F., Hadziselimoviæ R. Mikrobioloski status mlijeka i mlijeènih proizvoda mljekare «Milcos» Sarajevo u periodu od 1996. do 1999. godine Microbiological status of milk and milk products analyzed over the period 1996 -1999 Gradasèeviæ N., Saraèeviæ Lejla, Mihalj A., Samek D. Nivoi aktivnosti radiocezija u gljivama sa podruèja BiH u periodu 2000-2002. Radioactivity levels of radiocesium in mushrooms from Bosnia and Herzegovina during the period 2000-2002 Gagiæ A., Kavazoviæ Aida, Alibegoviæ-Zeèiæ Fahira, Nogiæ Ermina, Muriæ S. Upotreba probiotika BioPlus 2B u intenzivnoj proizvodnji rasplodnih jaja Application of the BioPlus 2B probiotic in the intensive production of fertilized eggs Crnkiæ Æ., Alibegoviæ-Zeèiæ Fahira, Gagiæ A., Kavazoviæ Aida, Piplica Slavica Kvalitet sojine, suncokretove i repièine saème na trzistu Bosne i Hercegovine Quality of soybean, sunflower and rapeseed meal in Bosnia and Herzegovina Alibegoviæ-Zeèiæ Fahira, Gagiæ A., Piplica Slavica, Èaklovica F., Residbegoviæ Emina, Kavazoviæ Aida, Crnkiæ Æ. Uticaj kvaliteta krmnih smjesa na kvalitativno-kvantitativna svojstva brojlerskog mesa linije "Cobb" Influence of feed mixtures on qualitative-quantitative characteristics of broiler meat of "Cobb" type Saraèeviæ Lejla, Gagiæ A, Muminoviæ M. Zastita i unapreðenje zivotne okoline (sredine) - stanje i perspektive On environmental protection and improvement- state and perspective Omeragiæ J., Jaziæ A., Zuko Almedina Paraziti pasa i maèaka na podruèju Bosne i Hercegovine ustanovljeni do 2002. godine Parasites of dogs and cats in area of Bosnia and Herzegovina founded to 2002

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Muminoviæ M., Hadziomeroviæ Z., Mujezinoviæ Indira, Smajloviæ A. Registracija i promet gotovih lijekova koji se upotrebljavaju u veterinarstvu - stanje i perspektiva Registration and trade of proprietary names used in veterinary medicine ­ state and perspective Kunovac S., Æutuk R., Ibroviæ M. Metode utvrðivanja brojnog stanja divljaèi kao vazna uzgojna mjera i osnova uspjesnog gospodarenja The methods for assesment of game population as an important breeding measure and basis of succesful game production Katica V., Katica M., Softiæ Almira., Sakiæ V., Katica Amela Moguænosti farmskog uzgoja afrièkih nojeva u FBiH Possibilities for farm breeding of african ostriches in Bosnia and Herzegovina

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Katica V., Hadziomeroviæ Z., Sakiæ V., Katica Amela, Softiæ Almira Prijedlog mjera zastite uzgoja autohtonih pasmina 193 domaæih zivotinja Bosne i Hercegovine The proposal of measures for protection of domestic breeds of domestic animals in Bosnia and Herzegovina Gagiæ A., Kavazoviæ Aida, Alibegoviæ-Zeèiæ Fahira, Residbegoviæ Emina Primjena probiotika u peradarstvu Application of probiotics in poultry C. de la Fe, P. Assunção, A.S. Ramírez, J.L. Fleitas, T. Antunes and J.B. Poveda Contagious agalactia vaccination: current situation and prospects Vakcinacija protiv zarazne agalaktije ­ trenutna situacija i perspektive Altabari G. Uloga veterinarske edukacije u kraljevini Saudijskoj Arabiji The role of veterinary education in the kingdom of Saudi Arabia Dzuviæ A., Prohiæ I., Kadriæ M., Prasoviæ S., Satroviæ E., Besiroviæ H. Pozitivan uticaj kuænih ljubimaca na zdravstveno, naroèito psihièko, stanje ljudi

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Dzuviæ A. Tierärztliche hochschule Hannover internacionalni dan, 25. juni 2003 Dzuviæ A. Pedeset godina Alexsander von Humboldt ­ stiftung

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POPULACIJE RIBA HIDROAKUMULACIJE GRABOVICA THE FISH POPULATION OF GRABOVICA HYDRORESERVOIR Skrijelj R., Korjeni E., Guzina Narcisa 1 Summary - For the purpose of qualitative and quantitative determination of the ichthyic population content of the water ecosystem Grabovica, the researches of ichthyic fauna were conducted in the period from 17th to 19th June 2002 on five characteristic micro locations (Djevor, Kameni most, Muljevi, Aleksin Han and the estuary of the Grabovka River into the lake). The fish was caught by the traditional fishing gears: large fishnets, electrobattery and small fishnets. The stagnant nets as "popunica" with the meshes' diameter of 10 to 36 millimeters were used. The length of the net was from 25 to 50 meters, and the height was from 1,20 to 6,00 meters. Total of 2,561 square meters of water area of that ecosystem was treated by the fishnets. In the examined ecosystem the fishing was also done at the riverbank by electrobattery of "Honda" type, EZ 2,200 kilowatt of power. In that way, the sampling covered 439 square meters of water. Systematic determination of fish was done according the book "Fresh water fish of Yugoslavia" (Vukovic, Ivanovic, 1971). By ichthyologic research of that water ecosystem, seven fish sorts from three families of fresh water ichthyic faunas were determined. The family Salmonidae is presented by two species, brook trout - Salmo trutta L. and rainbow trout - Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum. Two forms present the species Salmo trutta: brook trout - Salmo trutta m. fario L. and lake trout - Salmo trutta m. lacustris L. In that water ecosystem, the most numerous one is the family Cyprinidae and is presented by the following sorts: carp - Cyprinus carpio L., Leuciscus svallize svallize Heckel et Kner, white chub - Leuciscus cephalus albus Bonaparte and bleak - Alburnus alburnus albarela (de Filippi). From the family Percidae only perch - Stizostedion lucioperca (L.) was registered. During those ichthyologic researches the catch of 219 units was performed. The mass of the caught ichthyic sample amounted of 66.029,85 grams. The analysis of the collected sample shows that Leuciscus svallize svallize Heckel et Kner made the greatest number in ichthyic fauna content with 160 units or 73,06%. Carp, with only one unit or 0,45% of the determined units was presented in the lowest number. The population of Leuciscus svallize svallize Heckel et Kner had the biggest ichthyic mass in the sample-45, 069,93 grams which made over one half of the total ichthyic sample (68,27%). In the same time, the population of perch had the smallest ichthyic mass-337, 00 grams, which was only 0,51% of the total ichthyic mass. Kratak sadrzaj ­ U cilju utvrivanja kvalitativno-kvantitativnog sastava ihtiopopulacija vodenog ekosistema Grabovica, u periodu od 17 do 19. juna 2002. godine sprovedena su ihtiofaunisticka istrazivanja na pet karakteristicnih mikrolokaliteta (Djevor, Kameni most, Muljevi, Aleksin Han i use Grabovke u jezero). Izlovljavanje riba je obavljeno standardnim ribolovnim oruem: mrezama, elektroagregatom i sakom. Koristene su mreze

Dr. Rifat Skrijelj, vandredni profesor, dr. Enad Korjeni, visi asistent, dr. Narcisa Guzina, docent, Prirodno-matematicki fakultet Univerziteta u Sarajevu. Rifat Skrijelj, PhD, Associate Professor, Enad Korjenic, PhD, Senior Assistant, Narcisa Guzina, PhD, Assistant Professor, The Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, University of Sarajevo. Veterinaria 52, 1-4, 1-10, Sarajevo 2003.

stajaice tipa "popunice" sa promjerom okaca od 10 do 36 mm. Duzina mreza bila je od 25 do 50 m, a visina od 1,20 do 6,00 m. Mrezama je ukupno obraeno 2.561 m² vodene povrsine ovog vodenog ekosistema. U proucavanom ekosistemu ribolov je obavljen i u obalnom pojasu elektroagregatom marke "Honda" EZ 2.200, jacine 2 kw. Na ovaj nacin je uzorkovanjem obuhvaeno 439 m² vodene povrsine. Sistematska determinacija riba je obavljena prema knjizi "Slatkovodne ribe Jugoslavije" (V u k o v i , I v a n o v i , 1971). Ihtioloskim istrazivanjem ovog vodenog ekosistema konstatovano je sedam vrsta riba iz tri porodice slatkovodne ihtiofaune. Porodica Salmonidae je zastupljena dvjema vrstama, potocnomSalmo trutta L. i kalifornijskom pastrmkom - Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum. Vrsta Salmo trutta je predstavljena dvjema formama, potocnom - Salmo trutta m. fario L. i jezerskom Salmo trutta m. lacustris L. U ovom vodenom ekosistemu porodica Cyprinidae je najbrojnija i zastupljena je slijedeim vrstama: saranom - Cyprinus carpio L., strugacom - Leuciscus svallize svallize Heckel et Kner, bijelim klenom - Leuciscus cephalus albus Bonaparte i ukljevom - Alburnus alburnus albarela (de Filippi). Iz porodice Percidae registrovan je samo smu - Stizostedion lucioperca (L.) Prilikom ovih ihtioloskih istrazivanja ostvaren je ulov od 219 jedinki. Njegova ihtiomasa je iznosila 66.029,85 g. Analiza prikupljenog uzorka pokazuje da je najveu brojnost u sastavu ihtiofaune imao strugac sa 160 jedinki ili 73,06 %. Najmanju brojnost imao je saran sa svega jednom ulovljenom jedinkom, sto cini 0,45 % od ukupnog broja konstatovanih jedinki. Populacija strugaca je imala najveu ihtiomasu u uzorku 45.069,93 g, sto cini vise od polovine ukupne ihtiomase uzorka (68,27 %). Istovremeno, najmanjom ihtiomasom je zastupljena populacija smua - 337,00 g, sto je svega 0,51 % ukupne ihtiomase.

Veterinaria 52, 1-4, 1-10, Sarajevo 2003.

REZULTATI TESTA TERMO REZISTENCIJE (TTR) U DOZAMA DOBOKO SMRZNUTE SPERME (DSS) BIKOVA ODMRZAVANIM NA RAZLICITIM TEMPERATURAMA I NJIHOV ODNOS SA REZULTATIMA BIOLOSKOG POKUSA THE RESULTS OF THERMO RESISTANCE TEST (TRT) ON DEEP FROZEN SEMEN OF BULLS DEFROSTED AT DIFFERENT DEGREES AND THEIR RELATION WITH THE RESULTS OF BIOLOGIC EXPERIMENT Suljkanovi A., Podzo K., Sabanovi M., Podzo M. 1 Summary - The Thermo Resistance Test (TRT) of the sperm doses that were defrosted at different degrees was carried out in the laboratory of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine in Sarajevo, and the biologic experiment on the breeding cows was carried out in a Veterinary Dispensary. The TRT consisted of leaving defrosted sperm doses for 5 hours at +38°C and estimating the percentage of progressively moving spermatozoa. The doses are considered usable for the artificial inseminating of breeding cows if there were more than 20% progressive movable spermatozoa. After the TRT, the number of progressively moving uncolored spermatozoa was higher (by the Blum method) and the number of pathological spermatozoa that were defrosted at +55°C was lower. The number of inseminated breeding cows, concepted after inseminating with the sperm doses of bulls A and B that were defrosted at +55°C, was higher compared to breeding cows that were inseminated with the doses defrosted at +35°C. According to these results, we can conclude that TRT in vitro could be significant indicator of fertile ability of the spermatozoa in the estimation of quality of defrosted sperm doses and the indicator of the applicability of the defrosted sperm doses for insemination of breeding cows. Kratak sadrzaj - Test termo rezistencije (TTR) u dozama odmrznutim na razlicitim temperaturama proveden je u laboratoriji Veterinarskog fakulteta u Sarajevu, a bioloski pokus na plotkinjama na podrucju veterinarske stanice Srebrenik. TTR izvodi se tako sto se odmrznute doze sperme stavljaju 5 sati u termostat na +38ºC. Nakon toga se ocjenjuje postotak progresivno pokretljivih spermatozoida. Ako u dozama sperme nakon TTR ima vise od 20% porgresivno pokretljivih spermatozoida, doze su upotrebljive za umjetno osjemenjivanje plotkinja na terenu. Tokom nasih istrazivanja u odmrznutim dozama sperme nakon TTR bio je vei broj progresivno pokretljivih i neobojenih spermatozoida metodom po Blomu, a manji broj

Mr. Ahmed Suljkanovi direktor,Veterinarska stanica Srebrenik BiH, asistent Kenan Podzo, Klinika za porodiljstvo i suzbijanje neplodnosti, Veterinarski fakultet Sarajevo, BiH, Mr Mustafa Sabanovi direktor, Veterinarska stanica Zivinice, BiH, Prof. dr Mustafa Podzo, Klinika za porodiljstvo i suzbijanje neplodnosti, Veterinarski fakultet Sarajevo, BiH. Ahmed Suljkanovi, MSc., Director of Veterinary Station Srebrenik, BH; Kenan Podzo, DVM, assistant, Clinic for Obstetrics and Control of Infertility, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Sarajevo University; Mustafa Sabanovi, MSc., Director of Veterinary Station Zivinice, BH, Dr. Mustafa Podzo, professor, Clinic for Obstetrics and Control of Infertility, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Sarajevo University Veterinaria 52, 1-4, 11-20, Sarajevo 2003.

patoloskih spermatozoida u dozama koje su odmrzavane na +55ºC. Broj osjemenjenih plotkinja koje su koncipirale nakon osjemenjivanja dozama sperme odmrzavanim na +55ºC je vei u odnosu na plotkinje koje su osjemenjivane dozama odmrzavanim na +35ºC. Na osnovu dobivenih rezultata moze se konstatovati da u laboratorijskim uslovima (indirektno) TTR moze biti znacajan pokazatelj fertilne sposobnosti spermatozoida prilikom ocjene kvaliteta odmrznutih doza sperme bikova i za upotrebljivost odmrznutih doza za umjetno osjemenjivanje plotkinja u terenskim uslovima.

Veterinaria 52, 1-4, 11-20, Sarajevo 2003.

PROBIOTSKI UCINAK NA RAST POJEDINIH DIJELOVA TIJELA TOVNIH PILIA PROBIOTIC INFLUENCE TO THE GAIN OF SOME BODY PARTS IN BROILERS Softi Almira, Gagi A., Kustura Aida, Goleti T., Alibegovi-Zeci Fahira, Kavazovi Aida, Residbegovi Emina 1

Summary - Total of 40 chicks of Cobb 500 provenience divided in two groups (A and B) were used and 20 chicks from each group were taken. Chicks were vaccinated according to the established immunoprofikaxis programme. Chicks from A group got the probiotic which contained yeast, lactose and C vitamine, while the chicks from the B group were the controled untreated group. Monitored were the parameters: breast diameter, sternum length, body length and diameter of the leg. Measurements were carried out on live chicks by millimeter measuring tape. Based on the results, the data were processed statistically and statistical justification of the significance of differences as well as the coefficient of correlation. At the end of fattening, the differences in body length and breast diameter were established in advantage to the group of probiotically treated chicks, and so were the equalised values for the leg diameter in both groups. After the first week of the fattening period, statistically significant difference for the sternum length was established, 6.779 (P<0.001) in untreated group. During the second week of the fattening period, established were statistically significant differences for the body length of 2.373 (P<0.05) and sternum length of 3.192 (P<0.01) in advantage of treated group and in the third week for the leg diameter of 2.252 (P<0.05) in the untreated group of chicks. Statistically significant differences were established for the breast diameter of 3.144 (P<0.01) in the fourth week of fattening, and in the fifth week for the leg diameter of 3.249 (P<0.01) in the untreated group of chicks. At the end of the fattening statistically was established correlation coefficient of 0.420 in significance level 0.05% and 0.01% for the breast and leg diameter, and for the breast diameter and sternum length 0.350 in significance level of 0.05%. Also, the correlation coefficient of 0.345 on significance level 0.05% was established between the groups, in relation to the sternum length. Kratak sadrzaj - U testu je koristeno ukupno 40 pilia provenijence Cobb 500 podijeljenih u dvije grupe (A i B). Od tog broja uzeto je po 20 pilia iz svake grupe. Jedinke iz obje grupe su vakcinisane prema utvrenom programu imunoprofilakse. Pilii iz prve grupe

Almira Softi, asistent; dr. Abdulah Gagi, redovni profesor; mr Aida Kustura, asistent; Teufik Goleti, asistent; dr. Fahira Alibegovi-Zeci, docent; mr Aida Kavazovi, istrazivac saradnik; dr. Emina Residbegovi, docent, Veterinarski fakultet Univerziteta u Sarajevu. Almira Softi, assistant; Dr. Abdulah Gagi, professor; Aida Kustura, M.Sc., assistant; Teufik Goleti, assistant; Dr. Fahira Alibegovi-Zeci, assistant professor; Aida Kavazovi, M.Sc., research associate; Dr.Emina Residbegovi, assistant professor, Veterinary Faculty, University of Sarajevo. Veterinaria 52, 1-4, 21-26, Sarajevo 2003.

(A) su dobili probiotsko sredstvo koje je sadrzavalo kvasac, laktozu i C vitamin dok su pilii iz druge grupe (B) predstavljali kontrolnu netretiranu grupu. Od parametara praeni i mjereni su obim grudi, duzina sternuma, duzina trupa i obim batka. Mjerenja su vrsena na zivim piliima milimetarskom mjernom vrpcom. Na osnovu dobivenih rezultata izvrsena je statisticka obrada podataka, odreena statisticka opravdanost znacajnosti razlika, te koeficijent korelacije. Na kraju tova utvrene su razlike u duzini trupa i obima grudi u korist probiotski tretirane grupe pilia, te ujednacene vrijednosti za obim batka kod obje grupe. Na kraju prve sedmice tova utvrena je statisticki znacajna razlika za duzinu sternuma od 6,779 (P<0,001) u netretiranoj grupi pilia. U drugoj sedmici tova ustanovljene su statisticki znacajne razlike u duzini trupa 2,373 (P<0,05) i duzini sternuma od 3,192 (P<0,01) u korist probiotski tretirane grupe pilia, a u treoj sedmici za obim batka od 2,252 (P<0,05) u netretiranoj grupi pilia. Statisticki znacajne razlike su ustanovljene za obim grudi od 3,144 (P<0,01) u cetvrtoj sedmici u probiotski tretiranoj grupi pilia i u petoj za obim batka od 3,249 (P<0,01) u netretiranoj grupi pilia. Statistickom obradom na kraju tova kod probiotski tretirane grupe pilia utvren je koeficijent korelacije od 0,420 na nivou znacajnosti 0,05% i 0,01% izmeu obima grudi i obima batka, a za obim grudi i duzinu sternuma od 0,350 samo na nivou 0,05%. Takoe je utvren koeficijent korelacije izmeu grupa od 0,345 na nivou znacajnosti 0,05% u odnosu na duzinu sternuma.

Veterinaria 52, 1-4, 21-26, Sarajevo 2003.

NIVOI AKTIVNOSTI PRIRODNIH I VJESTACKIH RADIONUKLIDA U LANCU TLO - TRAVA - VUNA RADIOACTIVITY LEVELS OF NATURAL AND ARTIFICIAL RADIONUCLIDES IN CHAIN SOIL - GRASS - WOOL Saracevi Lejla, Muratovi S., Steiner Z., Drini Milanka, Gradascevi N., Mihalj A., Samek D. 1 Summary - In this paper are presented results of investigations of natural and artificial radionuclides in samples of soil, grass and sheep's wool from the areas of mountains Vlasic and Manjaca as well as the areas Vinkovci and Baranja in the East Slavonia region. Samples of soil, grass and wool were measured with gamma spectrometric method after previous preparation. The high resolution HPGe detector was used for the measuring. Detector was placed in lead shield and connected with the high voltage and spectroscopy amplifiers, as well as with the multichanel analyzer placed in PC computer. Obtained results for the samples of soil and grass show a good agreement with the results obtained for the same samples in other countries of South-East Europe. Results obtained for the samples of wool appear to correlate with the results for the soil and grass. Taking into consideration the relative small number of analyzed samples as well as the lack of literature information about radioactivity in wool, additional investigations should confirm the mentioned statement. That should make the use of wool as the parameter of radioecological evaluation possible, since it has not been used in previous radioecological investigations. Kratak sadrzaj - U radu su prikazani prvi rezultati istrazivanja radioaktivnosti prirodnih i vjestackih radionuklida u lancu ishrane i vuni ovaca sa podrucja planina Vlasi i Manjaca kao i lokaliteta Vinkovaca i Baranje u istocnoj Slavoniji. Uzorci tla, sijena i vune su nakon prethodne pripreme mjereni gamaspektrometrijskom metodom pomou HPGe detektora visoke rezolucije smjestenog u olovni oklop. Detektor je preko visokonaponskog i spektroskopskog pojacala povezan sa analizatorskom karticom smjestenom u PC kompjuter. Dobiveni rezultati nivoa aktivnosti prirodnih i vjestackih radionuklida u tlu i sijenu su u saglasnosti sa vrijednostima utvrenim u ostalim zemljama jugoistocne Evrope. Nivoi aktivnosti radionuklida, utvreni u uzorcima vune, ukazuju na korelaciju sa vrijednostima utvrenim za tlo i sijeno. Obzirom da je istrazivanjem obuhvaen relativno mali broj uzoraka, kao i cinjenicu da su literaturni podaci o vuni dosta oskudni, dodatna istrazivanja trebalo bi da potvrde moguu korelaciju. To bi omoguilo upotrebu vune

Dr. Lejla Saracevi, vanredni profesor, Katedra za radiobiologiju i biofiziku, Veterinarski fakultet u Sarajevu; Dr. Salko Muratovi, redovni profesor, Poljoprivredni fakultet Sarajevo; Dr. Zdenko Steiner, redovni profesor, Poljoprivredni fakultet, Osijek, Hrvatska; mr. Milanka Drini, visi asistent, Poljoprivredni fakultet, Banja Luka; mr. Nedzad Gradascevi, visi asistent, mr. Anto Mihalj, visi asistent, Dr. Davorin Samek, vanredni profesor, Katedra za radiobiologiju i biofiziku, Veterinarski fakultet u Sarajevu. Lejla Saracevi, PhD, professor, Department of Radiobiology and Biophysics, Veterinary faculty, University of Sarajevo; Salko Muratovi, PhD, professor, Faculty og Agriculture, University of Sarajevo; Zdenko Steiner, PhD, professor, Faculty og Agriculture, Osijek, Croatia; MSc. Milanka Drini, senior asistent, Faculty og Agriculture, Banja Luka; MSc. Nedzad Gradascevi, senior asistent; MSc. Anto Mihalj, research asistent; Davorin Samek, PhD, professor, Department of Radiobiology and Biophysics, Veterinary faculty, University of Sarajevo.

u radioekoloskim procjenama obzirom da vuna kao parametar radioekoloske procjene nije u dosadasnjim istrazivanjima bila razmatrana.

ADENOVIRUSNE INFEKCIJE KOD TOVNIH PILIA ADENOVIRAL INFECTIONS IN THE BROILERS Residbegovi Emina, Kustura Aida, Goleti T., Gagi A. 1 Summary - Conventional group i of adenoviruses, order Avianadenovirus, family Adenoviridae, is responsible for apparent diseases of respiratory and digestive tract and of the liver in poultry. Apart from adenoviruses, there are a number of other different factors involved in the pathogenesis of apparent clinical diseases. Above all, factors which lead to damage of specific or nonspecific resistance of microorganisms, particularly suppressive or stimulative part of resistance. Immunosuppression or immunostimulation, caused by pathogens or other agents, occurs on the level of B&T-lymphocytes. This is the reason for increased susceptibility of poultry to various causes. Inadequate microambiental conditions and feed, overstocking, low immunity are only one step nearer to the adenovirusal infections. Adenoviruses are ubiquitous, they spread vertically and horizontally. It is almost impossible to isolate them out of clinical cases, especially at younger and heavy poultry hybrids of all product categories and ages. However, adenoviroses are mostly connected with inclusive hepatitis or hepatomielopathia, hydropericard syndrome, respiratory diseases, decrease of egg production, diarrhea, tenosynovitis, lowered growth gain and reduced food conversion. Aim of our research is to investigate the frequency of adenovirusal infections at the broilers during different fattening periods, particularly regarding vertical transmission of pathogens. In case of diagnosing vertical transmission or lateral infection, we would recommend some control models of protection, first of all general viruses protection and the protection of some other agents that operate immunosuppresively and precede adenovirusal infections. Kratak sadrzaj - Konvencionalna grupa I adenovirusa, roda Avianadenovirus, familije Adenoviridae, odgovorna je za aparentno klinicko oboljenje respiratornog i digestivnog trakta peradi, ukljucujui i jetru. U genezi klinickih aparentnih oboljenja, pored adenovirusa, ucese ima i niz drugih faktora. Prije svega to su faktori koji dovode do osteenja specificne ili nespecificne odbrane makroorganizma, i to njenog supresivnog ili stimulativnog dijela. Imunosupresija ili imunostimulacija uzrokovana patogenima ili drugim agensima javlja se na nivou B i T-limfocita i uzrok je poveanoj prijemcivosti peradi na niz drugih uzrocnika. Neodgovarajui mikroambijentalni uvjeti, prenaseljenost, neadekvatna ishrana uz smanjenu otpornost, uveliko predisponiraju i otvaraju vrata adenovirusinim infekcijama.

Dr.Emina Residbegovi, docent, mr Aida Kustura, visi asistent, Teufik Goleti, dipl. vet. asistent, dr Abdulah Gagi, redovni profesor, svi iz Zavoda za peradarstvo i Katedre za zoohigijenu Veterinarskog fakulteteta Univerziteta u Sarajevu. Dr. Emina Residbegovi, assistant professor; Aida Kustura, MSc, senior assistant; Teufik Goleti, DVM, assistant; Dr. Abdulah Gagi, professor; all from the Department of Poultry and the Department of Zoohygiene, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Sarajevo University Veterinaria 52, 1-4,33-38, Sarajevo 2003.

Adenovirusi su ubikvitarni, prenose se vertikalno i horizontalno. Prakticno ih je mogue izolirati iz mnogih klinickih slucajeva, svih dobnih i proizvodnih kategorija, a narocito kod teskih hibrida peradi u prvim sedmicama zivota. Meutim, adenoviroze su najcese povezane sa inkluzionim hepatitisom ili hepatomijelopatijom, sindromom hidroperikarda, respiratornim oboljenjima, padom proizvodnje jaja, dijareom, tenosinovitisom, losim prirastom i smanjenom konverzijom hrane, sto ima ekonomski devastirajui efekat u industriji tova peradi. Cilj istrazivanja je da se ispita ucestalost adenovirusnih infekcija kod tovnih pilia u razlicitim periodima tova, sa posebnim osvrtom na vertikalni nacin transmisije patogena. U slucaju dijagnosticiranja vertikalne transmisije uzrocnika ili pak lateralne infekcije, bili bi preporuceni odreeni modeli kontrole, odnosno specificne zastite, prevashodno sveobuhvatna zastita peradi od virusa i drugih agenasa koji djeluju imunosupresivno i predisponiraju adenovirusnim infekcijama.

Veterinaria 52, 1-4,33-38, Sarajevo 2003.

REPRUDUKTIVNI POKAZATELJI UVEZENIH SIMENTALSKIH PLOTKINJA I AUTOHTONIH PLOTKINJA U TIPU SIMENTALSKE PASMINE REPRODUCTIVE INDICATORS AT THE IMPORTED BREEDING COWS OF SIMMENTAL BREED AND AT THE SIMMENTAL CROSSBRED DOMESTIC BREEDING COWS Podzo M., Suljkanovi A., Sabanovi M. 1 Summary - The research was carried out at the Veterinary Station Srebrenik, where Simmental breeds have been imported for years, and the artificial inseminating was performed with the sperm of bulls of Simmental breed. About 80% of breeding cows in this area are Simmental crossbreds. For the past few years, a number of pregnant heifers of Simmental breed have been imported. After the calving, some reproductive indicators were noted at the 39 imported breeding cows of Simmental breed, and some at the 43 breeding cows of domestic breed, which are crossbreds of Simmental breed. Reproductive indicators that have been noted: open days, number of pregnant breeding cows of i, ii and iii artificial inseminating and number of breeding cows which had been excluded of the reproduction because of the sterility. After processing the data, it was found that open days at the breeding cows of domestic breed were longer for 1.0 day. After all inseminations the total conception at the domestic breeds was 10.64% lower than the indicators at the imported breeding cows, and the number of excluded imported breeding cows was 10.56% higher than the indicators at the imported breeding cows involved in the research. Kratak sadrzaj - Istrazivanja su obavljena na podrucju veterinarske stanice Srebrenik, gdje se vise decenija uzgaja simentalska pasmina, a umjetno osjemenjivanje se najveim dijelom vrsilo spermom simentalskih bikova. Iz tih razloga na pomenutom podrucju oko 80% plotkinja su krizanci u tipu simentalske pasmine. U zadnjih nekoliko godina na ovo podrucje vrsen je uvoz gravidnih junica ciste simentalske pasmine. Nakon poroda evidentirani su neki od reproduktivnih pokazatelja kod 39 uvezenih plotkinja ciste simentalske pasmine i 43 autohtone plotkinje, ali koje su takoe bile najveim dijelom u tipu simentalske pasmine. Od reproduktivnih pokazatelja evidentirani su servis period, broj gravidnih plotkinja od I, II, i III umjetnog osjemenjivanja, te broj plotkinja koje su zbog steriliteta iskljucene iz reprodukcije. Nakon prikupljanja i obrade podataka utvreno je da je servis period kod autohtonih pasmina duzi za 1,o dana. Ukupna koncepcija kod autohtonih pasmina, odnosno nakon svih osjemenjivanja je za 10,64% manja, a broj iskljucenih plotkinja iz reprodukcije je vei za 10,56% u odnosu na ove pokazatelje kod uvezenih plotkinja.

Prof. dr Mustafa Podzo Klinika za porodiljstvo i suzbijanje neplodnosti, Veterinarski fakultet Sarajevo BiH., Mr Ahmed Suljkanovi direktor, Veterinarska stanica Srebrenik,BiH, Mr Mustafa Sabanovi, direktor, Veterinarska stanica Zivinice,BiH. Mustafa Podzo, PhD, professor, Clinic for Obstetrics and Control of Infertility, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Sarajevo University; Ahmed Suljkanovi, MSc., Veterinary Station Srebrenik, BH; Mustafa Sabanovi, MSc., Veterinary Station Zivinice, BH Veterinaria 52, 1-4, 39-44, Sarajevo 2003.

ISTRAZIVANJE TOKSOKAROZE NA PODRUCJU HERCEGOVINE (Izvod iz magistarskog rada) TOXOCAROSIS INVESTIGATION IN HERZEGOVINA REGION (Excerpt from the Thesis for M.Sc. Degree) Omeragi J. 1 Summary - Toxocarosis investigations on dogs, cats, soil and human blood were performed in Herzegovina region (Mostar, Jablanica, Konjic) over the period May 1999 ­ Nov 2000. Of the total of 141 ivestigated dogs, 92 or 65,24% were positive and 11 developing forms of parasites were found. Toxocara canis is found in 51,06% and Toxascaris leonina in 9,92% of dogs. According to the finding of 86 investigated cats, there were 52 or 60,46% positive on endoparasites along with the 9 developing forms of parasites. Toxocara mystax was found in 38,37% and Toxascaris leonina in 4,65% of cats. By soil investigating on 30 localities, eggs of Toxocara canis were found in 73,33%, eggs of Trichuris spp. in 30,00%, eggs of Taenidae and eggs and larvae of Ancylostomidae in 23,33% of localities. Of the total of 150 investigated samples, eggs of Toxocara canis were found in 40,00%, eggd of Trichuris spp. in 11,33%, eggs of Taenidae in 8,00%, eggs of Ancylostomidae in 5,33% and larvae of Ancylostomidae in 4,66% of samples. Toxocara canis was found in all positive localities and samples. Of 180 samples of human blood investigated on toxocarosis 19 (10,55%) were positive, 10 (5,55%) were suspected and 151 (83,88%) were negative. Kratak sadrzaj - U periodu od maja 1999. god. do novembra 2000. god. na podrucju Hercegovine (Mostar, Jablanica, Konjic) izvrsene su pretrage pasa, macaka, zemljista i krvi ljudi na toksokarozu. Od pregledanog 141 psa pozitivna su bila 92 ili 65,24%, a ustanovljeno je 11 vrsta razvojnih oblika parazita. Toxocara canis je ustanovljena kod 51,06%, a Toxascaris leonina kod 9,92% pasa. Prema utvrenim rezultatima 86 pregledanih macaka pozitivnih na endoparazite bilo je 52 (60,46%), sa ustanovljenih 9 vrsta razvojnih oblika parazita. Toxocara mystax ustanovljena je kod 38,37%, a Toxascaris leonina kod 4,65% macaka. Pretragama zemljista na 30 lokaliteta, jaja Toxocara canis ustanovljena su na 73,33%, j. Trichuris spp. 30,00%, j. Taenidae, j. i l. Ancylostomidae 23,33% lokaliteta. Od pretrazenih 150 uzoraka, j. Toxocara canis ustanovljena su u 40,00%, j. Trichuris spp. 11,33%, j. Taenidae 8,00%, j. Ancylostomidae 5,33% i l. Ancylostomidae 4,66% uzoraka. Toxocara canis ustanovljena je na svim pozitivnim lokalitetima i uzorcima. Od pretrazenih 180 uzoraka krvi ljudi na toksokarozu, pozitivno je bilo 19 ili 10,55%, sumnjivih 10 ili 5,55% i negativnih 151 ili 83,88%.

Mr. Omeragi Jasmin specijalista parazitologije, visi asistent na Katedri za parazitologiju i invazione bolesti Veterinarskog fakulteta u Sarajevu. Magistarski rad odbranjen je na Veterinarskom fakultetu Univerziteta u Sarajevu, 20. juna 2002. godine. Konsultant je bila Doc. dr. Almedina Zuko, sef Katedre za parazitologiju i invazione bolesti Veterinarskog fakulteta u Sarajevu. Originalan rad sadrzi 102 stranice sa 16 tabela, 9 grafikona i 9 slika. U izradi rada autor se koristio podacima iz 240 bibliografskih naslova. Jasmin Omeragi, parasitology specialist, senior assistant, Department of Parasitology and Invasive Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Sarajevo University. The Thesis for MSc. Degree was defended at the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Sarajevo University, on June 20, 2002. The consultant was Dr. Almedina Zuko, assistant professor, Head of the Department of Parasitology and Invasive Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Sarajevo University. the original Thesis is comprised of 102 printed pages, 16 tables, 9 graphs, 9 figures and the list of 240 references. Veterinaria 52, 1-4, 45-60, Sarajevo 2003.

UDIO PINEALNE ZLIJEZDE U HISTOFIZIOLOSKIM PROMJENAMA NADBUBREZNE ZLIJEZDE U TOTALNO OZRACENIH PACOVA ROLE OF PINEAL GLAND IN HISTOPHYSIOLOGIC CHANGES OF ADRENAL GLAND IN WHOLE BODY IRRADIATED RATS Mornjakovi Zakira, Alicelebi Selma, Susko I., Beganovi Amira, osovi E., Arslanagi R. 1 Summary- It is well known that adrenal gland is an active participant in hosts deffense mechanism to irradiation. Of this certify strong histophysiological changes of all parenchym structures and modified corticosteroidogenesis during immediate postirradiation period. On the other hand, roll of pineal gland in response to irradiation stress is relatively unknown. Pineal gland reacts to irradiation by greatly increasing synthesis and output of melatonin, a hormon which radioprotective effect on thyroid gland and testis is well known. Aim of this undertaken research has been to estimate pineal gland effects on histophysiological changes of adrenal gland in model of whole body irradiation by high doses of ionising irradiation. In this experiment adult male Wistar rats were used. During summer time, ablation of pineal gland had been performed followed by irradiation by 8 Gy of Gamma irradiation after four month period. Sham pinealectomised and irradiated animals served as control. All animals were sacrifised on 17th day after irradiation. We proceeded by dissecting right adrenal gland with adjoining periadrenal tissue, fixating in neutral formalin, processing tissue in parrafine technique, cutting to slides of 6 m thickness and colouring by HE and Azan methode. By histological methods we have established presence of progressive, reactive changes on level of cortical zones, medulla and periadrenal tissue in pinealectomised animals. They are in the form of broadening of cortical zones, islets of cells whose structure had not been changed, increased volume of nuclei, presence of mitosis, reduction of connective tissue and pronounced hiperemia. In sham pinealectomised animals in postirradiation period we have observed more pronounced radiolesions especially in fasciculate zone. They are in the form of plasmalemma thickening, roughly granulated cytoplasm and karyopycnosis. Also is evident change of space structure arrangement with widening of intercellular distances. Histologically established differences in reaction of adrenal gland are attributed as reflection of pineal gland ablation and stimulation of

Dr. Zakira Mornjakovi, redovni profesor, Dr.Sc. Selma Alicelebi, docent, Dr. Irfan Susko, docent, Dr. Amira Beganovi, asistent, Dr. Esad osovi, asistent, Dr. Rusmir Arslanagi, asistent, Institut za Histologiju i embriologiju, Medicinski fakultet Univerziteta u Sarajevu Rad je predstavljen na Prvom simpoziju poljoprivrede, veterinarstva i sumarstva, odrzanom u Neumu od 14.-17.5.2003. Zakira Mornjakovi, PhD, professor, Selma Alicelebi, PhD, asistant professor, Irfan Susko, PhD, assistant professor, Amira Beganovi, assistant, Esad osovi, assistant, Rusmir Arslanagi, assistant, Institute of Histology and embryology, Medical faculty of Sarajevo University The work was presented at The First Simposium of agriculture, veterinary and forestry, held in Neum, may 14.-17., 2003. Veterinaria 52, 1-4,61-74, Sarajevo 2003.

adrenal gland during postoperative period rendering it more potent to effects of ionizing irradiation. Kratak sadrzaj - Poznato je da nadbubrezna zlijezda aktivno sudjeluje u odgovoru organizma na ozracenje. O tome svjedoce snazne histofizioloske promjene njenih sveukupnih parenhimnih struktura i modificirana kortikosteroidogeneza tokom postradijacijskog perioda. S druge strane, pozicija pinealne zlijezde u iradijacijskom stresu relativno je nepoznata. Na ozracenje pinealna zlijezda reagira znacajno poveanom sintezom melatonina, hormona s opisanim radioprotektivnim djelovanjem na nivou tireoidne zlijezde i testisa. Cilj poduzetog istrazivanja bila je procjena udjela pinealne zlijezde na histofizioloske promjene nadbubrega u modelu totalnog ozracenja visokom dozom jonizirajueg zracenja. U eksperimentu su koristeni spolno zreli Wistar stakori, muzjaci, kojima je u periodu ljeta izvrsena ablacija pinealne zlijezde i koji su nakon cetiri mjeseca totalno ozraceni sa 8 Gy Gama zraka. Lazno pinealektomirane i ozracene zivotinje sluzile su kao kontrolne. Sve zivotinje su zrtvovane 17. dana po ozracenju. Disecirani desni nadbubrezi s pridruzenim periadrenalnim tkivom fiksirani su u neutralnom formalinu, pripremljeni i uklopljeni u parafinski vosak, sjeceni na rezove debljine 6m i obojeni HE i Azan metodom. Histoloskom analizom utvrene su progresivne, reaktivne promjene na nivou kortikalnih zona, medule i periadrenalnog tkiva u pinealektomiranih zivotinja. One se ogledaju u prosirenju zona, stanicama ocuvanije grae, poveanom volumenu jezgara, prisustvu mitoza, redukciji veziva i naglasenoj hiperemiji. U lazno pinealektomiranih zivotinja u postiradijacijskom periodu ustanovljene su izrazenije radiolezije osobito u zoni fascikulati. One podrazumijevaju zadebljanje plazmaleme, grubo zrnatu citoplazmu i kariopiknozu. Takoer je evidentirana izmjena prostornog aranzmana stanica s poveanjem meustanicnih distanci. Histoloski ustanovljene razlike u reakciji nadbubrega smatramo odrazom ablacije pinealne zlijezde, te stimulacije nadbubrega tijekom postoperativnog perioda koji je u takvom stanju bio potentniji za otpor djelovanju jonizirajueg zracenja.

Veterinaria 52, 1-4,61-74, Sarajevo 2003.

METABOLICKI PROFIL KRAVA U LAKTACIJI I PERIPARTALNO METABOLIC PROFILE IN COWS DURING THE LACTATION AND PERIPARTAL PERIOD Krni J., Podzo M., Hodzi Aida, Hamamdzi M., Pasi-Juhas Eva, Mihaljevi Milena 1 Summary - A lot of diseases in cows are very often accompanied by the changes of a number of biochemical blood parameters. It is especially the case in several productive diseases, which occur in cows with high milk production, particularly during the pregnancy and in the peripartal period. The most common of those diseases are the sequelae of the rations which dos not meet requirements of animals, that is which are caused by unbalance of the metabolic and nutritive basis. The aim of this study is to establish metabolic profile in cows in lactation and in the peripartal period, in the conditions of inadequate nutrition. Thirteen biochemical parameters were investigated: glucose total protein, bilirubine, cholesterol, urea, uric acid, tryglicerides, calcium, phosphor, vitamin A, carotene and aspartate and alanine aminotranspherase activity (AST and ALT) in blood serum of lactating cows (n=10), cows before calving (n=10), and cows after parturition (n=10). In a 3 months period before the experiment at the farm, a rather high number of cows died after parturition. By the results of food analysis, the rations did not meet qualitatively and quantitatively requirements of certain categories of cows. Under conditions of the mentioned diet regime and based on the obtained results, the following was established: hyperbilirubinaemia, hypotrygliceridaemia, hypocalcaemia and hypocarotenaemia (in all 3 groups); hypoproteinaemia, hypocholesterinaemia, hypovitaminaemia A and increased AST activity (cows after parturition). The average urea concentration in blood serum of lactating cows and in cows before parturition were decreased in comparison to the physiological values, and hypophosphataemia was established in lactating cows. ALT activity and uric acid concentrations in blood serum of all the three groups were in the physiological range. Regarding the complexity and high requirements of the metabolic processes during the pregnancy and the peripartal periods, it can be concluded that results of the metabolic profile analysis indicate that in the investigated conditions of cattle breeding there are damages to the functional status of the liver; in the advanced pregnancy in the puerperium these changes are most often of the dystrophic nature. Kratak sadrzaj - Mnoga oboljenja krava su vrlo cesto praena promjenama brojnih biohemijskih parametara krvi. To se posebno odnosi na vei broj produktivnih bolesti koje se javljaju kod krava sa visokom proizvodnjom mlijeka, narocito tokom graviditeta i u peripartalnom periodu. Najcese su u pitanju posljedice koje se javljaju zbog korisenja obroka koji ne zadovoljavaju potrebe zivotinje, odnosno zbog disbalansa izmeu metabolicke i nutritivne osnove. Cilj rada je da se prikaze metabolicki profil krava u laktaciji i peripartalnom periodu u uslovima neadekvatne ishrane.

Dr. Josip Krni, redovni profesor, Zavod za morfologiju i fiziologiju, Dr. Mustafa Podzo, redovni profesor, Zavod za reprodukciju, Dr. Aida Hodzi, visi asistent, Dr. Muhidin Hamamdzi, redovni profesor u mirovini, Eva Pasi-Juhas, asistent, Dr. Milena Mihaljevi, Zavod za morfologiju i fiziologiju, Veterinarski fakultet Univerziteta u Sarajevu Josip Krnic, PhD, Professor, Department of Morphology and Physiology, Mustafa Podzo, PhD, Professor, Department of Reproduction, Aida Hodzic, PhD, Senior Assistant, Muhidin Hamamdzic, PhD, Professor retired, Eva Pasic-Juhas, Assistant, Milena Mihaljevic, PhD, Professor, Department of Morphology and Physiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Sarajevo Veterinaria 52, 1-4, 75-86, Sarajevo 2003.

Ispitivano je 13 biohemijskih parametara: glukoza ukupni proteini, bilirubin, holesterol, ureja, mokrana kiselina, trigliceridi, kalcijum, fosfor, vitamin A, karotin i aktivnost aspartat i alanin aminotransferaze (AST i ALT) u krvnom serumu krava u laktaciji (n=10), krava pred teljenje (n=10) i krava nakon poroaja (n=10). U 3-mjesecnom periodu prije ispitivanja na farmi je uginuo vei broj krava neposredno nakon poroaja. Analizom obroka korisenih u ishrani ustanovljeno je da oni kvalitativno i kvantitativno nisu zadovoljavali potrebe pojedinih kategorija krava. Na osnovu dobijenih rezultata utvreno je da u navedenim uslovima ishrane krava postoje: hiperbilirubinemija, hipotrigliciridemija, hipokalcemija i hipokarotinemija (u sve 3 grupe krava); hipoproteinemija, hipoholesterinemija, hipovitaminemija A i poveanje aktivnosti AST (krave nakon poroaja). Prosjecne koncentracije ureje u krvnom serumu krava u laktaciji i krava pred teljenje su nize od fizioloskih vrijednosti, a hipofosfatinemija je ustanovljena kod krava u laktaciji. Aktivnost ALT i koncentracija mokrane kiseline u krvnom serumu sve tri grupe bile su unutar fizioloskih vrijednosti. Imajui u vidu kompleksnost i optereenost metabolickih procesa tokom graviditeta i peripartalno, moze se rei da dobijeni rezultati analize metabolickog profila ukazuju da u ispitivanom uzgoju krava postoje osteenja funkcionalnog stanja jetre; u visokom graviditetu i u puerperijumu ona su najcese distroficne prirode.

Veterinaria 52, 1-4, 75-86, Sarajevo 2003.

DOBNA I SPOLNA STRUKTURA POPULACIJA RIBA HIDROAKUMULACIJE GRABOVICA THE FISH POPULATION OF GRABOVICA HYDRORESERVOIR AGE AND SEX STRUCTURE Korjenic E., Skrijelj R., Guzina Narcisa. 1

Summary - The part of the Grabovica hydro reservoir ichthyic researches' field work was finished in the course of June 2002. The collected ichthyic material, priory fixed in 4% phormaldehide solution, was carried to the laboratory of the Center for ichthyology and fishing at the Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences in Sarajevo for further processing. In that work, 219 units of various fish sorts belonged to the families Salmonidae, Cyprinidae and Percidae have been analyzed. The examination of age and sex structure of the Grabovica hydro reservoir ichthyic fauna was done on the following sample: 160 units of Leuciscus svallize svallize Heckel et Kner, 24 units of white chub, 14 units of bleak, seven units of brook trout, five units of perch, four units of rainbow and lake trout, and one unit of carp. The examined samples of Leuciscus svallize svallize Heckel et Kner were sorted in seven age classes (from 1+ to 7+). The greatest number of units was identified in the age class 4+ (40,00%). The analysis of sex ratio showed the outstanding domination of male over female in a relative ratio 62, 50%: 37, 50%. The examined samples of white chub were sorted in the four age groups (3+, 4+, 5* + and 6 ). The greatest number of units was recorded in the age classes 4+ and 5+ (33,33% each). The analysis of sex ratio with white chub showed domination of males over females (70,83% : 29,17%). The examined units of bleak belonged to two age groups (3+ and 4+), The greatest number was recorded in the age class 4+ (71,83%). In that sample, the bigger number of males over the females was noticed in a relative ratio 71, 43%: 28,57%. The analyzed units of brook trout belonged to age classes 4+, 5+ and 6+. The biggest number was recorded in the age class 5+ (57,14%)). The analyses of sex ratio with brook trout showed a slight domination of males over females (57, 14%: 42, 86%). The analyzed units of perch belonged to the age classes 1+ and 4+. Relative number of the age class 1+ amounted of 80,00 %, and the age class 4+ 20,00%. The analysis of the sex ratio with perch examined units also showed greater number of males over females in proportion of 60,00 % : 40,00 %. The analyzed units of lake trout belonged to the age classes 4+, 5+, 6+, and 7+. The representation of units in the age classes was even (25,00 % each). The analysis of sex of lake trout also showed an even ratio between males and females, 50% : 50%. The analyzed units of rainbow trout belonged to the age groups 3+ and 4+. The numerousity of units in the age classes was even. The analyses of sex showed the domination of males over females in a relative proportion of 75,00%: 25, 00%.

Dr. Enad Korjeni, visi asistent, Dr. Rifat Skrijelj, vandredni profesor, Dr. Narcisa Guzina, docent, Prirodno-matematicki fakultet Sarajevo Enad Korjenic, PhD, Senior Assistant, Rifat Skrijelj, PhD, Associate Professor, Narcisa Guzina, PhD, Assistant Professor, The Faculty of mathematics and Sciences, University of Sarajevo Veterinaria 52, 1-4, 87-96, Sarajevo 2003.

The analyzed sample of carp was of male sex and belonged to the age class 6+ (seventh year of life). Kratak sadrzaj ­ Terenski dio ihtioloskih istrazivanja hidroakumulacije Grabovica obavljen je tokom juna 2002. godine. Prikupljeni ihtiomaterijal, prethodno fiksiran u 4 % rastvoru formaldehida, prenesen je u laboratorij Centra za ihtiologiju i ribarstvo Prirodnomatematickog fakulteta Sarajevo na dalju obradu. U ovom radu ukupno je analizirano 219 jedinki raznih vrsta riba koje pripadaju porodicama: Salmonidae, Cyprinidae i Percidae. Ispitivanje dobne i spolne strukture ihtiofaune hidroakumulacije Grabovica je uraeno na uzorku sljedeeg sastava: 160 jedinki strugaca, 24 jedinke bijelog klena, 14 jedinki ukljeve, sedam jedinki potocne pastrmke, pet jedinki smua, cetiri jedinke kalifornijske i jezerske pastrmke i jedna jedinka sarana. Ispitivani primjerci strugaca bili su svrstani u sedam uzrasnih klasa (od 1+ do 7+). Najvei broj jedinki konstatovan je u uzrasnoj klasi 4+ (40,00 %). Analiza odnosa spolova strugaca je pokazala izrazitu dominaciju muzjaka nad zenkama u relativnom omjeru 62,50 % : 37,50 %. Istrazivani primjerci bijelog klena bili su svrstani u cetiri uzrasne grupe (3+, 4+, 5+ i 6+). Najvei broj jedinki registrovan je u uzrasnim klasama 4+ i 5+ (po 33,33 %). Analiza odnosa spolova bijelog klena pokazala je dominantnost muzjaka u odnosu na zenke (70,83 % : 29,17 %). Ispitivane jedinke ukljeve pripadale su dvjema uzrasnim grupama (3+ i 4+). Najvea brojnost zabiljezena je u uzrasnoj klasi 4+ (71,83 %). U ovom uzorku uocena je vea brojnost muzjaka u odnosu na zenke u relativnom omjeru 71,43 % : 28,57 %. Analizirane jedinke potocne pastrmke pripadale su uzrasnim klasama 4+, 5+ i 6+. Najvea brojnost evidentirana je u uzrasnoj klasi 5+ (57,14 %). Analiza odnosa spolova potocne pastrmke je pokazala blagu dominantnost muzjaka u odnosu na zenke (57,14 % : 42,86 %). Analizirane jedinke smua pripadale su uzrasnim klasama 1+ i 4+. Relativna brojnost uzrasne klase 1+ iznosila je 80,00 %, a uzrasne klase 4+ bila je 20,00 %. Analiza odnosa spolova ispitivanih jedinki smua pokazala je veu brojnost muzjaka nad zenkama u relativnom omjeru 60,00 % : 40,00 %. Ispitivane jedinke jezerske pastrmke pripadale su uzrasnim klasama 4+, 5+, 6+ i 7+. Zastupljenost jedinki u uzrasnim klasama bila je ravnomjerna (po 25,00 %). Analiza odnosa spolova jezerske pastrmke takoer je pokazala ravnomjeran odnos muzjaka i zenki u omjeru 50,00 % : 50,00 %. Analizirane jedinke kalifornijske pastrmke pripadale su uzrasnim grupama 3+ i 4+. Brojnost jedinki u uzrasnim klasama bila je ravnomjerna. Analiza spolova je pokazala dominantnost muzjaka nad zenkama u relativnom omjeru 75,00 % : 25,00 %. Analizirani primjerak sarana bio je muskog spola i pripadao je uzrasnoj klasi 6+ (sedma godina zivota).

Veterinaria 52, 1-4, 87-96, Sarajevo 2003.

DOB KAO FAKTOR UTJECAJA NA NIVO UKUPNOG HOLESTEROLA U JAJETU KOKA NOSILJA AGE AS A FACTOR AFFECTING EGG TOTAL CHOLESTEROL LEVEL IN LAYING HENS Hodzi Aida, Hamamdzi M., Gagi A., Krni J., Kadri M., Mihaljevi Milena, Kurspahi A. 1 Summary - In general yolk cholesterol concentration has been reported to decrease during the first year of egg production, although small overall increases in some breeds and substantial fluctuations between ages have also been observed. The aim of our investigation was to determine is age a factor affecting egg total cholesterol level in laying hens fed diet supplied with palm oil and pork fat. The 6 weeks-term trial was conducted on 180 laying hens Issa Brown provenience of two age categories: 36 months (two times molted) and 27 weeks of age, old (O) and young (Y) hens, respectively. The both age categories of laying hens were divided into three groups: OK (n=16) and YK (n=20), control groups fed diet I with no added fat; OP (n=32) and YP (n=40), experimental groups fed diet II supplied with 3,2% palm oil; OS (n=32) and YS (n=40), experimental groups fed diet III supplied with 2,5% edible pork fat. Hen's age affected significantly (P<0,05) the both, egg yolk total cholesterol concentration and content. The higher egg yolk total cholesterol content in old hens was a consequence of significantly (P<0,001) higher values for yolk weight in old hens compared to the young ones. Kratak sadrzaj - Koncentracija holesterola u zumanjku domae peradi u principu se smanjuje tokom prve proizvodne godine, premda su u nekih vrsta primijeena neznatna poveanja, kao i bitne razlike u ptica razlicite dobi. Polazei od toga, mi smo postavili eksperiment s ciljem istrazivanja dobi kao faktora utjecaja na nivo zumanjcanog holesterola u koka nosilja hranjenih smjesama sa palminim uljem i svinjskom masu. Sestonedjeljno istrazivanje provedeno je na ukupno 180 koka nosilja provenijence Issa Brown dvije starosne kategorije: 36 mjeseci (dva puta mitarene) - stare (O) i 27 nedjelja mlade (Y). Obje starosne kategorije su bile podijeljene u po tri grupe: OK (n=16) i YK (n=20), kontrolne grupe hranjene smjesom I bez dodate masti; OP (n=32) i YP (n=40), eksperimentalne grupe hranjene smjesom II sa 3,2% palminog ulja; OS (n=32) i YS (n=40), eksperimentalne grupe hranjene smjesom sa 2,5% svinjske masti. Dob koka nosilja znacajno (P<0,05) je utjecala kako na koncentraciju, tako i na sadrzaj ukupnog holesterola u zumanjku. Vei sadrzaj ukupnog holesterola u jajima starih koka nosilja bio je posljedica znacajno (P<0,001) veih vrijednosti mase zumanjka u starih u odnosu na mlade koke nosilje.

Mr. Aida Hodzi, visi asistent, Akademik Muhidin Hamamdzi, redovni profesor, Dr. Abdulah Gagi, redovni profesor, Dr. Josip Krni, redovni profesor, Dr. Mirsad Kadri, docent, Dr. Milena Mihaljevi, vanredni profesor, Veterinarski fakultet Univerziteta u Sarajevu, Ahmet Kurspahi, D.V.M., Veterinarska stanica Visoko. Prvi simpozij poljoprivrede, veterinarstva i sumarstva, 14.-17. maj 2003, Neum, BiH. Aida Hodzic, Senior Assistant, M.Sc., B.Sc.Vet.Med., Muhidin Hamamdzic, Professor, Ph.D., B.Sc.Vet.Med., Abdulah Gagic, Professor, Ph.D., B.Sc.Vet.Med., Josip Krnic, Professor, Ph.D., B.Sc.Vet.Med., Mirsad Kadric, Assistant Professor, Ph.D., B.Sc.Vet.Med., Milena Mihaljevic, Associate Professor, Ph.D., Chem., Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Sarajevo, Ahmed Kurspahic, B.Sc.Vet.Med., Veterinary Station Visoko. The First Symposium of Agriculture, Veterinary and Forestry, May 14-17, Neum, B&H. Veterinaria 52, 1-4, 97-102, Sarajevo 2003.

MIKROBIOLOSKI STATUS MLIJEKA l MLIJECNIH PROIZVODA MLJEKARE «MILCOS» SARAJEVO U PERIODU OD 1996 DO 1999. GODINE MICROBIOLOGICAL STATUS OF MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS ANALYZED OVER THE PERIOD 1996 -1999. Habes S., Caklovica F., Hadziselimovi R. 1 Summary - Milk and milk products, as food of animal orgin, have a large role in people's nutrition. More importance has been given to milk products for it is a high quality an easily digestive food. Samples of milk and milk products were taken from the dairy farm warehouse 24 hours after the packages were filled. Total of 1840 samples was analyzed. Microbiological testing of milk and milk products was condicted by the book of regulations for conducting microbiologic tests and super test of foodstuffs (SI. List RBIH 2/92, and 14/94), by the method of quantitative-qualitative analysis. 265 samples (14,40%) did not meet the criteria of the book of regulations for microbiologic fitness of milk and milk products. Kratak sadrzaj - Mlijeko i mlijecni proizvodi, kao namirnice animalnog porijekla, imaju znacajnu i nezamjenljivu ulogu u ishrani ljudi. Zato se u cilju poboljsanja pravilne ishrane sve vise pridaje vaznost ishrani mlijekom i mlijecnim proizvodima kao veoma kvalitetnim i lahko probavljivim ziveznim namirnicama. Uzorci mlijeka i mlijecnih proizvoda uzeti su iz skladista mljekare 24 sahata po zavrsenom punjenju u originalnom pakovanju. Ukupno je analizirano 1840 uzoraka mlijeka i proizvoda od mlijeka. Mikrobioloska pretraga mlijeka i proizvoda od mlijeka vrsena je prema Pravilniku o metodama obavljanja mikrobioloskih analiza i superanaliza ziveznih namirnica (Sl. List RbiH 2/92 i 14/94), metodom kvalitativno kvantitativne analize. Kriterije iz pravilnika o uvjetima mikrobioloske ispravnosti mlijeka nije zadovoljilo 265 uzoraka ili 14,40%.

Dr. Suad Habes, docent, Agromediteranski fakultet, Univerzitet "Dzemal Bijedi" Mostar, dr. Faruk Caklovica, redovni profesor, Veterinarski fakultet, Univerzitet Sarajevo, dr. Rifat Hadziselimovi, redovni profesor, Prirodno-matematicki fakultet, Univerzitet u Sarajevu. Suad Habes, PhD, associate proffesor, Agromediterranean Faculty, University "Dzemal Bijedi" Mostar, Faruk Caklovica, PhD, profesor, Veterinary Faculty, University of Sarajevo, Rifat Hadziselimovi, PhD, profesor, Faculty of Science, University of Sarajevo. Veterinaria 52, 1-4, 103-112, Sarajevo 2003.

NIVOI AKTIVNOSTI RADIOCEZIJA U GLJIVAMA SA PODRUCJA BiH U PERIODU 2000-2002. GODINE RADIOACTIVITY LEVELS OF RADIOCESIUM IN MUSHROOMS FROM BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA DURING THE PERIOD 2000-2002. Gradascevi N., Saracevi Lejla, Mihalj A., Samek D. 1 Summary - Mushrooms have the significant ability for absorption of radiocesium from soil and, therefore represent the bioindicator of radioactivity which is necessary for evaluation of radioactive contamination at the investigated area. Samples were regularly delivered to Laboratory for Radioactivity Control, at the Veterinary Faculty of Sarajevo as fresh, frozen, blanched and dried samples. Every sample was representative of wider area from which the samples were collected. Measuring of radioactivity was performed by gamma spectrometric method, with scintillation detector (NaI) connected with the multichanel analyzer placed in PC computer. Obtained results were in range 0.9 - 463,5 Bq/kg of the origin sample. The high variability of results was related to differences in water content in analyzed samples, differences of radiocesium content in soil at which the mushroom had been collected and differences in ability for radioacesium absorption from soil in different species of mushrooms. Kratak sadrzaj ­ Gljive, kao biljna vrsta sa izrazitim afinitetom za apsorpciju radiocezijuma iz tla predstavljaju bioindikator radioaktivnosti neophodan za procjenu radioaktivne kontaminacije odreenog podrucja ovim radionuklidom. U nasem radu prikazani su rezultati mjerenja nivoa aktivnosti radiocezijuma u gljivama sa podrucja Bosne i Herecegovine u periodu 2000-2002. godine. Uzorci gljiva redovno su dostavljani u Laboratorij za kontrolu radioaktivnosti Veterinarskog fakulteta u Sarajevu kao svjezi, smrznuti, suseni i salamureni uzorci. Svaki ispitani uzorak predstavljao je reprezent sireg podrucja sa kojeg su sakupljani uzorci. Za mjerenje nivoa aktivnosti 137+134Cs koristena je gamaspektrometrijska metoda pomou scintilacionog (NaI) detektora povezanog sa visekanalnim analizatorom, smjestenim u PC kompatibilni kompjuter. Dobiveni rezultati kretali su se u rasponu od 0.9 do 463.5 Bq/kg izvornog uzorka. Visoka varijabilnost rezultata uzrokovana je razlikama u sadrzaju vlage u ispitivanim uzorcima, razlicitim sadrzajem 137+134Cs u tlu lokaliteta sa kojih su gljive ubirane kao i razlicitim afinitetom za apsorpciju radiocezijuma iz tla kod razlicitih vrsta gljiva.

Mr Nedzad Gradascevi, visi asistent; Dr. Lejla Saracevi, vanredni profesor; mr Anto Mihalj, asistent-istrazivac; Dr. Davorin Samek, vanredni profesor; Katedra za radiobiologiju i biofiziku, Veterinarski fakultet, Univerzitet u Sarajevu. Nedzad Gradascevi, M.Sc. senior assitant; Lejla Saracevi, PhD, professor; Anto Mihalj, M.Sc. assitant-investigator; Davorin Samek, PhD, professor; Department od Radiobiology and Biophysics, Veterinary Faculty, University of Sarajevo.

UPOTREBA PROBIOTIKA BIOPLUS 2B U INTENZIVNOJ PROIZVODNJI RASPLODNIH JAJA APPLICATION OF THE BioPlus 2B PROBIOTIC IN THE INTENSIVE PRODUCTION OF FERTILIZED EGGS Gagi A., Kavazovi Aida, Alibegovi-Zeci Fahira, Nogi Ermina, Muri S. 1 Summary - In the intensive poultry production probiotics have been used as additives in poultry feed in order to improve consumption of feed and increase production results and also as a part of preventive health care in animals. In our researches we observed the effect of Bio Plus 2B probiotic (CHR-Hansen), which has been added to the premix (Lek-Ljubljana), to production results of parent flock of Lohmann Brown breed. Researches were conducted on 3500 light laying hens in production conditions. The research had started when specimens were 20 weeks of age and it lasted for 48 weeks. The production results were observed and compared with the ones technologically presumed. The analysis of results showed that permanent adding of the BioPlus 2B probiotic to the feed affected the improvement of results in all production parameters in relation to the technological ones (total of laid eggs, mortality, number of hatched eggs, number of female chicks and an average fertility). Kratak sadrzaj U intenzivnoj peradarskoj proizvodnji probiotski preparati se koriste kao dodaci hrani za perad u cilju poboljsanja iskoristavanja hrane, poveanja proizvodnih rezultata i kao dio preventivne zdravstvene zastite zivotinja. Tokom istrazivanja praen je uticaj probiotika BioPlus 2B (Chr-Hansen) dodanog u premiks (Lek-Ljubljana), na proizvodne rezultate roditeljskog jata provenijence Lohmann Brown. Istrazivanja su provedena na 3.550 nesilica rasplodnih jaja lahke linije u proizvodnim uvjetima. Period istrazivanja trajao je 48 sedmica eksploatacije s pocetkom od 20.-te sedmice starosti jedinki. Tokom istrazivanja praeni su proizvodni rezultati i uporeivani sa tehnoloski predvienim. Analiza rezultata pokazuje da je kontinuirano davanje probiotika BioPlus 2B u hrani za roditeljske nesilice uticalo na poboljsanje rezultata svih proizvodnih parametara u odnosu na tehnoloske (ukupan broj snesenih jaja po nesilici, mortalitet, broj valionickih jaja, broj izlezenih zenskih pilia i prosjecna valivost).

Dr. Abdulah Gagi, redovni profesor, Centar za peradarstvo, mr Aida Kavazovi, istrazivacsaradnik, Dr. Fahira Alibegovi-Zeci, docent, Katedra za Hranu i ishranu zivotinja, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Sarajevo University, Ermina Nogi, dipl.vet., Velika Kladusa, Seik Muri, direktor TSH "AC" Velika Kladusa. Abdulah Gagi, PhD, professor, Poultry Centre; Aida Kavazovi, MSc., associate researcher; Dr. Fahira Alibegovi-Zeci, assistant professor; all three from the Department for Feed and Nutrition, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Sarajevo University; Ermina Nogi, DVM, Velika Kladusa; Seik Muri, engineer, Director of TSH "AC" Velika Kladusa Veterinaria 52, 1-4, 119-124, Sarajevo 2003.

KVALITET SOJINE, SUNCOKRETOVE I REPICINE SACME NA TRZISTU BOSNE I HERCEGOVINE QUALITY OF SOYBEAN, SUNFLOWER AND RAPESEED MEAL IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA Crnki ., Alibegovi-Zeci Fahira, Gagi A., Kavazovi Aida, Piplica Slavica 1 Summary - This paper shows survey on variability of quality of oilseed meal used in Bosnia and Herzegovina over the period 1980 ­ 2002. Total of 229 samples, out of which 210 samples of soybean meal, 72 of sunflower meal and 17 of rapeseed meal was chemically analysed at the Institute for food and nutrition of animals, at the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine in Sarajevo. The results of statistical analysis confirmed the average content of crude protein of 43,55% within a range of only 35,11% to 51,55%. The average content of crude protein in sunflower meal was 34,41% within a range of 22,09% to 45,94% in some samples. In rapeseed meal the average content of crude protein was 34,41% within a range of 30,67% to 38,92%. The largest variation referred to the content of crude protein with very high coefficient of variation, that is 70,31 in soybean meal, 95,24 in sunflower meal and 37,41 in rapeseed meal. Considering the current regulations on the quality of feed (Rulebook on Quality of Feed, Official Gazette of SFRJ 15/89 ­ Rule of RBH 2/92) and by the classification according to the crude protein content, following grades of quality of soybean meal have been estimated: 1,9% of samples satisfied the criteria of E quality, 40% of i quality and 51,43% of ii quality. 4,17% of analysed samples of sunflower meal satisfied the conditions prescribed for the dehulled sunflower seed meal, 65,28% for the partially dehulled seed meal. 88,24% samples of rapeseed meal satisfied the criteria of i and ii quality. Kratak sadrzaj - U radu je dat prikaz varijabilnosti kvaliteta uljanih sacmi koristenih u Bosni i Hercegovini u periodu od 1980 do 2002 godine. U Laboratoriji za kontrolu stocne hrane pri Katedri za hranu i ishranu zivotinja Veterinarskog fakulteta u Sarajevu hemijski je analizirano 299 uzoraka i to: 210 uzoraka sojine, 72 uzorka suncokretove i 17 uzoraka repicine sacme. U sojinoj sacmi utvren je prosjecan sadrzaj sirovog proteina od 43,55% uz varijacionu sirinu koja se u pojedinim uzorcima kretala od svega 35,11 pa do 51,25%. Sadrzaj proteina u suncokretovoj sacmi iznosio je 34,41% sa veoma sirokim rasponom variranja od

mr azim Crnki, visi asistent, dr Alibegovi-Zeci Fahira, docent, mr Kavazovi Aida, istrazivac-saradnik, Piplica Slavica, strucni saradnik, Katedra za hranu i ishranu zivotinja, dr Abdulah Gagi, redovni profesor, Centar za peradarstvo, Veterinarski fakultet Univerziteta u Sarajevu. Rad referisan na Prvom simpoziju poljoprivrede, veterinarstva i sumarstva "Strategija razvoja domae proizvodnje", Neum, BiH, 2003. azim Crnki, MSc, senior assistant; Alibegovi-Zeci Fahira, PhD, assistant professor; Kavazovi Aida, MSc, associate researcher; Piplica Slavica, professional associate; Department of Feed and Nutrition, Abdulah Gagi, PhD, professor, Poultry Department, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Sarajevo University. The First Symposium of Agriculture, Veterinary and Forestry, May 14-17, Neum, B&H. Veterinaria 52, 1-4, 125-136, Sarajevo 2003.

22,09 do 45,94%. Repicina sacma prosjecno je sadrzavala 34,41% proteina ciji je raspon varirao od 30,67 do 38,92%. Najvee variranje utvreno je u pogledu sadrzaja sirove masti sa koeficijentima varijacije koji su iznosili kod suncokretove 95,24, sojine 70,31, i kod repicine sacme 37,41. U odnosu na vazee propise o kvalitetu stocne hrane (Pravilnik o kvalitetu stocne hrane, Sl.list SFRJ 15/89 - Uredba RBiH 2/92), prema sadrzaju sirovog proteina samo 1,9% uzoraka sojine sacme zadovoljavalo je kriterij za E kvalitet, 40% za I kvalitet i 51,43% za II kvalitet. Kod suncokretove sacme 4,17% analiziranih uzoraka zadovoljilo je uslove propisane za sacmu od oljustenog sjemena suncokreta, a 65,28% za sacmu od djelimicno oljustenog sjemena. Kod repicine sacme je 88,24% uzoraka zadovoljilo kriterij za I i II kvalitet.

Veterinaria 52, 1-4, 125-136, Sarajevo 2003.

UTICAJ KVALITETA KRMNIH SMJESA NA KVALITATIVNO KVANTITATIVNA SVOJSTVA BROJLERSKOG MESA LINIJE "COBB" INFLUENCE OF FEED MIXTURES ON QUALITATIVE-QUANTITATIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF BROILER MEAT OF "Cobb" TYPE Alibegovi-Zeci Fahira, Gagi A., Piplica Slavica, Caklovica F., Residbegovi Emina, Kavazovi Aida, Crnki . 1 Summary - In this research the influence of protein level was observed, as well as relation of metabolic energy and proteins in mixtures prepared according to nutritive recommendations for chickens of "Cobb 500" type (Technical profile broiler nutrition, 1998), regarding productive results of fattening and gain of meat, legs with thighs, abdominal fat and chemical composition in white and red meat. During the first three weeks of experiment chicks (n=35) were given starter, then grower for two weeks and at the end in the sixth week finisher, mixture with different ratios of metabolic energy and proteins. Food consumption and weighing of chickens were observed once a week. Results show that chickens fed with mixtures in which ratio of energy 1% was 559 kJ in starter, 601 kJ in grower and 710 kJ in finisher, for 42 days of fattening gained an average weight of 2,371 kg and food conversion of 1,87 kg. Results of slaughterhouse values of chicks (n=15) show that average weight of carcass was 1720g, the meat gain 73,85 g. Breast meat gain in ratio to live body weight was 21,94% and 29,70% in ratio to mass of cut carcass. In comparison to breast meat gain, leg and thigh meat gain was lower - 15,57% in ratio to live body weight and 21,09% in ratio to cut carcass weight. Participation of abdominal fat was 1,54 in ratio to live body weight and 2,08% in ratio to carcass mass. Chemical composition of white and red meat differed, so that white meat contained 74,41% of moisture, 23,40% of protein, 0,80% of fat, 1,14% of ash, 0,005% of calcium and 0,273% of phosphorus. Red meat contained 75,26% of moisture, 19,11% of protein, 4,12% of fat, 1,04% of ash, 0,005% of calcium and 0,186% of phosphorus. Kratak sadrzaj - U radu je praen uticaj nivoa proteina te odnos metabolicke energije i proteina u smjesama pripremljenim u skladu sa nutritivnim preporukama za pilie linije "Cobb 500" (Technical profile broiler nutrition, 1998), i sagledan kroz proizvodne rezultate tova pilia i prinose mesa, grudi, batka sa karabatkom, abdominalne masti te hemijskog sastava bijelog i tamnog mesa. U prve tri nedjelje ogleda pilii (n=35)

Dr Fahira Alibegovi-Zeci, docent, Slavica Piplica, saradnik-specijalista, mr Aida Kavazovi, istrazivac-saradnik, mr azim Crnki, visi asistent, Katedra za Hranu i ishranu zivotinja, dr Adulah Gagi, redovni profesor, dr Emina Residbegovi, docent, Centar za peradarstvo, dr Faruk Caklovica, redovni profesor, Zavod za higijenski nadzor namirnica i zastitu zivotne sredine, Veterinarski fakultet Univerziteta u Sarajevu. Rad referisan na Prvom simpoziju poljoprivrede, veterinarstva i sumarstva "Strategija razvoja domae proizvodnje", Neum, BiH, 2003. Fahira Alibegovi-Zeci, PhD, assistant professor; Slavica Piplica, associate specialist; Aida Kavazovi, MSc, associate researcher; azim Crnki, MSc, senior assistant, all three from the Department of Feed and Nutrition; Abdulah Gagi, PhD, professor, Emina Residbegovi, PhD, assistant professor, Poultry Department; Faruk Caklovica, PhD, professor, Department for Food Hygiene and Technology and Environmental Protection; Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Sarajevo University. The First Symposium of Agriculture, Veterinary and Forestry, May 14-17, Neum, B&H.

Veterinaria 52, 1-4, 137-146, Sarajevo 2003.

su dobijali starter, a potom dvije nedjelje grower i na kraju tova u sestoj nedjelji finiser smjesu sa razlicitim odnosom metabolicke energije i proteina. Utrosak hrane i vaganje pilia praeno je jedanput sedmicno. Na osnovu rezultata provedenih istrazivanja, pilii hranjeni smjesama u kojima je odnos energije:1% proteina u starteru iznosio 558 kJ, u groweru 601 kJ i finiseru 710 kJ, cetrdeset i drugog dana tova ostvarili su prosjecnu tezinu od 2,371 kg i konverziju hrane od 1,87 kg. Dobijeni rezultati klaonickih vrijednosti pilia (n=15) pokazuju da je prosjecna masa obraenog trupa iznosila 1720 g, a prinos mesa 73,85%. Prinos grudnog mesa u odnosu na zivu tjelesnu masu iznosio je 21,94%, a u odnosu na masu obraenog trupa 29,70%. Za razliku od prinosa grudnog mesa, prinos batka sa karabatkom bio je nizi i iznosio je 15,57% u odnosu na zivu tjelesnu masu, a u odnosu na masu obraenog trupa 21,09%. Ucese abodominalne masti u odnosu na zivu tjelesnu masu iznosilo je 1,54%, a u odnosu na masu zaklanog trupa 2,08%. Osnovni hemijski sastav bijelog i tamnog mesa se razlikovao tako sto je bijelo meso prosjecno sadrzavalo 74,41% vlage, 23,40% proteina, 0,80% masti, 1,14% pepela, 0,005% kalcijuma i 0,237% fosfora, a tamno meso 75,26% vlage, 19,11% proteina, 4,12% masti, 1,04% pepela, 0,005% kalcijuma i 0,186% fosfora.

Veterinaria 52, 1-4, 137-146, Sarajevo 2003.

ZASTITA I UNAPREENJE ZIVOTNE OKOLINE (SREDINE) - STANJE I PERSPEKTIVE ON ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AND IMPROVEMENT - STATE AND PERSPECTIVE Saracevi Lejla, Gagi A, Muminovi M. 1 Summary - Modern civilisation with new industrial and societal growth, shows imaginative possibilities of human genius. The latest scientific discoveries are more like a dream than reality - fusion as a new source of using the nuclear energy, super conductors, new information and comunication technologies, molecular genetics and genetic engineering. Newertheless, the degradation of environment still exists and it is caused by radioactive waste, destruction of the ozone layer or by usage of fossil energy resources. Misbalance of nature, chemical contamination of the atmosphere, contamination of the water, soil and food could lead to global ecological catastrophe long way before we even attain to enjpy achievements of the new postindustrial society. Along these global problems our country has its own environmental issues that have been created during the aggresion or as a consequence of unsettled social relation after the war, becouse of insufficient financial means ot the lack of knowledge. We chiefly think of the radioactive irradiation problems, radioactive contamination, pharmaceutical waste and animal waste. The paper aims to draw attention to environmental problems. to give proposals for their solutions and to animate the discussion. Kratak sadrzaj - Savremena civilazacija i novi talas industrijsklog i drustvenog razvoja pokazuju nesluene mogunosti covjekovog genija. Najnovija naucna otkria svojim dometima danas jos uvijek vise lice na snove nego na realnu perspektivu. To se odnosi na fuziju kao novi izvor koristenja nuklearne energije, na superprovodnike, nove informacione i komunikacijske tehnologije, molekularnu genetiku i geneticko inzinjerstvo. Meutim, i dalje tece proces degradacije zivotne sredine usljed koristenja fosilnih izvora energije, radioaktivnih zracenja i osteenja ozonskog omotaca. Poremeeno stanje ravnoteze u prirodi, hemizacija atmosfere, zagaenost vode, zemljista i hrane moze da dovede do ope ekoloske katastrofe globalnog karaktera i prije nego se iskoriste sanse tekovina koje nas uvode u postindustrijsko drustvo. Uz sve globalne probleme, nasa zemlja ima i svoje specificne probleme vezane za zastitu okoline, koji su nastali kao posljedica agresije na nasu zemlju, posljedica neureenih odnosa u nasem drustvu u poratnom periodu, nedostatka finasijskih sredstava i neznanja. Ovdje se u prvom redu misli na probleme radioaktivnog ozracivanja i kontaminacije, farmaceutskog otpada, te animalnog otpada. Ovim radom se zeli skrenuti paznja na ove ekoloske probleme, dati prijedloge za njihovo rjesavanje i potaknuti raspravu.

Dr. Lejla Saracevi, vanredni profesor, Katedra za radiobiologiju i biofiziku; Dr. Abdulah Gagi, redovni profesor, Zavod za peradarstvo i kuniarstvo, Dr. Mehmed Muminovi, vanredni profesor, Katedra za farmakologiju i toksikologiju, , Veterinarski fakultet, Univerzitet u Sarajevu. Lejla Saracevi, PhD, professor, Department of Radiobiology and Biophysics; Abdulah Gagi, PhD, professor, Department of Poultry Breeding, Mehmed Muminovi, PhD, professor, Deparment of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Veterinary Faculty, University of Sarajevo. Veterinaria 52, 1-4, 147-156, Sarajevo 2003.

PARAZITI PASA I MACAKA NA PODRUCJU BOSNE I HERCEGOVINE USTANOVLJENI DO 2002. GODINE PARASITES OF DOGS AND CATS IN AREA OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA FOUNDED TO 2002 Omeragi J., Jazi A., Zuko Almedina 1 Summary - In investigation of dogs and cats parasites in area of Bosnia and Herzegovina to 2002, it was founded 36 species of the dogs parasites and 15 species of the cats parasites. Species of 8 classes of parasites were founded on the dogs: Trematoda (3), Cestoda (6), Nematoda (9), Sporozoea (6), Zoomastigophorea (1), Pentastomida (1), Arachnoidea (8) and Insecta (2). Species of 5 classes of parasites were founded on the cats: Cestoda (3), Nematoda (4), Sporozoea (3), Arachnoidea (4) and Insecta (1). Key words: parasites, dogs, cats Kratak sadrzaj - U istrazivanjima parazita pasa i macaka na podrucju Bosne i Hercegovine do 2002. godine, ustanovljeno je 36 vrsta parazita pasa i 15 vrsta parazita macaka. Kod pasa su ustanovljene vrste iz 8 klasa parazita: Trematoda 3, Cestoda 6, Nematoda 9, Sporozoea 6, Zoomastigophorea 1, Pentastomida 1, Arachnoidea 8 i Insecta 2. Kod macaka ustanovljene su vrste iz 5 klasa parazita: Cestoda 3, Nematoda 4, Sporozoea 3, Arachnoidea 4 i Insecta 1.

Mr. Jasmin Omeragic, visi asistent; Dr. Adnan Jazi, vandredni profesor; Dr. Almedina Zuko, docent; Katedra za parazitologiju i invazione bolesti, Veterinarski fakultet Univerziteta u Sarajevu Rad je referisan na Prvom simpoziju poljoprivrede, veterinarstva i sumarstva "Strategija razvoja domae proizvodnje" sa meunarodnim ucesem, Neum, BiH, 2003. Omeragic Jasmin, M.Sc. senior assistant; Dr.Sc. Adnan Jazi, professor; Dr.Sc. Zuko Almedina associate professor; Department of parasitology and invasive diseases, Veterinary faculty Universitiy of Sarajevo. The First Symposium of Agriculture, Veterinary and Forestry, May 14-17, Neum, B&H.

Veterinaria 52, 1-4, 157-164, Sarajevo 2003.

REGISTRACIJA I PROMET GOTOVIH LIJEKOVA KOJI SE UPOTREBLJAVAJU U VETERINARSTVU - STANJE I PERSPEKTIVA REGISTRATION AND TRADE OF PROPRIETARY NAMES USED IN VETERINARY MEDICINE ­ STATE AND PERSPECTIVE Muminovi M., Hadziomerovi Z., Mujezinovi Indira, Smajlovi A. 1 Summary - Even though 6 years have passed since Edit no. 01-011-41/98 dated 30 January 1998 by which the Law on Drugs Used in Veterinary Medicine has been declared in the Official Gazette of BiH no. 15/98, the regular situation in registration and trade of drugs used in veterinary and other veterinary medicines has not yet been restored in entities, as well as in whole Bosnia and Herzegovina. By this Law and 5 more Rulebooks an attempt was made to regulate up to the world and European standards the registration, production, testing, trade, records, marketing, control and storing of drugs used in veterinary medicine and other veterinary medicines. As in major European countries, no proprietary name or veterinary medicine can be on the market unless it was approved by the authoritative Ministry (Ministry of Agriculture, Water Management and Forestry in B&H) after the proposal of the Drugs Commission. However, there is still a large number of unregistered drugs, those that are not registered in accordance to world and European norms and regulations and those that are properly registered but not adjusted to our legal regulations. In all of these cases the failure is on inspection bodies and certain sectors in Ministries of Agriculture in both entities. Apart from registration, all mentioned legal regulations are binding on all who works in application and trade of proprietary names used in veterinary and other veterinary medicines, especially veterinarians, to observe adequate procedures in the issuance and sale of proprietary names. However, in this part the inspection bodies also failed instead of carrying out the registration and trading of the proprietary names on wholesale and retail trade level. Veterinarians in Veterinary Stations misuse the power and there is no veterinary station or pharmacy that treat the Law. Veterinarians in the veterinary stations must prescribe all proprietary names on which clearly states "to be issued with a prescription only" and the veterinary pharmacies must issue them with the prescription and as registered in the registry of drugs sold and stamped by the Ministry. The records have not been made yet, therefore the legal obligation is not being carried out. Kratak sadrzaj - Iako je proslo skoro 6 godina od donosenja Ukaza broj 01-01141/98, od 30.01.1998., kojim je proglasen u Sluzbenim novinama FBiH br. 15/98 Zakon o lijekovima koji se upotrebljavaju u veterinarstvu nije uspostavljeno normalno stanje u

Dr. Mehmed Muminovi, vanredni profesor i sef Katedre za farmakologiju i toksikologiju, dr. Zijah Hadziomerovi, redovni profesor i sef Katedre za sudsko i upravno veterinarstvo, mr. Indira Mujezinovi i Ahmed Smajlovi, asistenti, Katedre za farmakologiju i toksikologiju, Veterinarski fakultet Univerziteta u Sarajevu. Dr. Mehmed Muminovi, associate professor, Head of the Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology; Dr. Zijah Hadziomerovi, professor, Head of the Department of Forensic and Administrative Veterinary Services; Indira Mujezinovi, MSc. and Ahmed Smajlovi, DVM assistants at the Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology; all from the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Sarajevo University Veterinaria 52, 1-4, 165-172, Sarajevo 2003.

oblasti registracije i prometa lijekova i veterinarsko-medicinskih sredstava koji se upotrebljavaju u veterinarstvu na podrucju entitetu FBiH, pa logicno i u cijeloj BiH. Proglasenim Zakonom i sa jos 5 pravilnika kojima pokusalo se prema svjetskim i evropskim standardima regulirati registraciju, proizvodnju, ispitivanje, promet, evidenciju, oglasavanje, kontrolu i cuvanje gotovih lijekova i veterinarsko-medicinskih sredstava koji se upotrebljavaju u veterinarstvu. Slicno veini zemalja Evrope i svijeta i u nasoj zemlji u skladu s zakonskim propisima ni jedan gotovi lijek i veterinarsko-medicinsko sredstvo se ne moze nai u prometu ako mu nije dato odobrenje za stavljanje u promet od strane nadleznog Ministarstva (kod nas Ministarstvo za poljoprivredu, vodoprivredu i sumarstvo), a na prijedlog Komisija za lijekove koji se upotrebljavaju u veterinarstvu. Meutim, na podrucju nase zemlje i dalje se nalazi veliki broj neregistiranih lijekova, registriranih mimo svjetskih i evropskih pravila i propisa, kao i onih koji su pravilno registrirani, ali ciji promet nije prilagoen nasim zakonskim propisima. U svim ovim slucajevima su zatajili inspekcijski organi i odreeni sektori u Ministarstvima poljoprivrede oba entiteta. Osim kod registracije navedeni zakonski propisi obavezuju sve one koji se bave primjenom i prometom gotovih lijekova i veterinarsko-medicinskih sredstava, narocito veterinare, da se pridrzavaju predvienih postupaka kod izdavanja i prodaje gotovih lijekova. Meutim, i u ovom dijelu su zatajili inspekcijski organi koji bi trebali da prate promet lijekovima na nivou vele i malo prodaje. To veterinari u veterinarskim stanicama i apotekama uveliko zloupotrebljavaju tako da nema veterinarske stanice ili apoteke koja postupa po Zakonu. Naime, sve gotove lijekove na kojima pise "Izdaje se na recept" veterinari u veterinarskim stanicama moraju propisivati na recepat, a apoteke ih izdavati iskljucivo na recept i iste evidentirati u knjige evidencije prodatih lijekova ovjerenih od strane Ministarstva. Ova zakonska obaveza evidencije prodatih lijekova se uope ne provodi, jer nisu do danas ustrojene knjige evidencije. Osim toga, ne provodi se dosljedno zakonska obaveza kontrole lijekova u RS, a u oba entiteta ne provodi se kontrola svake serije lijekova koji potpadaju pod poseban rezim kontrole (antibiotici, hormoni, narkoanalgetici, vakcine, serumi), jer markice kojima bi se ovi lijekovi nakon kontrole oznacavali nisu jos ustrojene. Za nepostivanje zakonskih propisa u postupku registracije, prometa, kontrole, izdavanja i primjene, treba napomenuti da su Zakonom o lijekovima predviene i odgovarajue sankcije, koje nisu male. Meurim, kako se i one ne primjenjuju, jasno je sto imamao stanje koje nas, najvjerovatnije, nikad nee odvest u Evropu.

Veterinaria 52, 1-4, 165-172, Sarajevo 2003.

METODE UTVRIVANJA BROJNOG STANJA DIVLJACI KAO VAZNA UZGOJNA MJERA I OSNOVA USPJESNOG GOSPODARENJA THE METHODS FOR ASSESMENT OF GAME POPULATION AS AN IMPORTANT BREEDING MEASURE AND BASIS OF SUCCESFUL GAME PRODUCTION Kunovac S., utuk R., Ibrovi M. 1 Summary - Counting of game animals in hunting grounds is base for planning yearly yield and shooting limit. Shooting limit should be a real mark of production and game raising and regulation measurement of game populations in certain hunting grounds as well. This paper is dealing with different methods of counting game animals at different localities, and their objectivity and possibility of applying in practice. Kratak sadrzaj- utvrivanje brojnosti divljaci u lovistima je polazna osnova za racunanje godisnjeg prirasta, a time i planiranja visine godisnjeg odstrela. Visina godisnjeg odstrela treba da bude realan pokazatelj proizvodnje i uzgoja divljaci, a i regulator brojnosti divljaci na odreenom lokalitetu. U radu su opisane razne metode utvrivanja brojnog stanja divljaci na odreenim lokalitetima, a komentarisana je primjenljivost i objektivnost pojedinih metoda.

Sasa Kunovac, dipl.ing., asistent, Sumarski fakultet, Dr Ramiz utuk, docent, Dr. Mehmedalija Ibrovi, redovni profesor, u penziji; Veterinarski fakultet; Univerzitet Sarajevo; Sasa Kunovac, dipl.ing., asistant, Faculty of Forestry, Ramiz utuk, PhD, associate professor, Mehmedalija Ibrovi, PhD, professor retired; Veterinary faculty; University of Sarajevo;

Veterinaria 52, 1-4, 173-184, Sarajevo 2003.

MOGUNOSTI FARMSKOG UZGOJA AFRICKIH NOJEVA U FBiH POSSIBILITIES FOR FARM BREEDING OF AFRICAN OSTRICHES IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA Katica V., Katica M., Softi Almira, Saki V., Katica Amela 1 Summary - Population in wealthier countries is orienting to food products made of flightless birds (ostrich, emu, nandu, caguar, and kiwi). Momentarily, in cattle husbandry and cattle production in Bosnia and Herzegovina number of animals that are fresh meat sources is very low and alternative production must be considered to soothe the deficiency. Therefore, it is important to investigate the possibilities of farm breeding of African ostriches in Bosnia and Herzegovina, which is still not presented and rather unknown. There are no scientific or practical experience for farm breeding (health protection, feeding, housing conditions, productive and reproductive possibilities, promotion of the products, profitability, education of farmers who would monitor the breeding, etc.). The most important advantage of this kind of breeding is the fact that 98 per cent of ostrich's body is usable for various purposes. There is a great demand for skin, meat, eggs and feathers. The skin of a breeding ostrich is, along with the crocodile's, on the top of world's meat market. It is used chiefly for shoe making but it can be used in many other ways. The demand for ostrich meat also reflects the need for healthy nutrition. Its red meat is soft, rich in iron and very tasty. Because of low level of cholesterol it is recommendable for patients with heart diseases, high-pressure problems or vascular diseases. Those who own few parent flocks cannot profit quickly. It would be useful for ostrich breeders in Bosnia and Herzegovina to integrate and establish a Society of African Ostrich Breeders, for easier solving of problems related to breeding or promotion and selling the products. It would also be useful to conduct a professional study concerning farm breeding of ostriches in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Kratak sadrzaj - Stanovnistvo bogatijih zemalja u ishrani se sve vise orijentise na koristenje mesa i proizvode od mesa noja, emua, nandua, kaguara, kivia i sl. S obzirom na trenutno stanje u stocarstvu i stocarskoj proizvodnji FBiH, kada je broj zivotinja koje se koriste kao izvor u obezbjeenju svjezeg mesa izuzetno nizak, mora se razmisljati o alternativnoj proizvodnji koja bi ublazila ovaj nedostatak. Iz tog razloga znacajno je analizirati mogunost farmskog uzgoja nojeva u F BiH, proizvodnje koja je kod nas zasada prilicno nepoznata i nedovoljno zastupljena. Cinjenica je da ne postoje znacajnija strucna i prakticna iskustva o uzgoju nojeva, kao sto su (zdravstvena zastita, nacin ishrane, uvjeti smjestaja, produktivne i reproduktivne mogunosti, plasman proizvoda na trzistu, ekonomska isplativost, obucenost potencijalnih farmera za nadzor ukupnog uzgojnog procesa i drugo).

Dr Velija Katica, docent; dipl. vet. Muhamed Katica, asistent; dipl. vet. Almira Softi, asistent; mr. Vedad Saki, visi asistent; dipl. vet. Amela Katica, asistent, Veterinarski fakultet Univerziteta u Sarajevu. Velija Katica, PhD, assistant professor; Muhamed Katica, DVM, assistant; Almira Softi, DVM, assistant; Vedad Saki, MSc, senior assistant; Amela Katica, DVM, assistant; Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Sarajevo University Veterinaria 52, 1-4, 185-192, Sarajevo 2003.

Najvaznija prednost uzgoja je u cinjenici da se oko 98% nojevog tijela moze iskoristiti u razlicite svrhe. Najtrazeniji nojevi proizvodi su: koza, meso, jaja i perje. Koza rasplodnih nojeva je vrhunske kvalitete, uz krokodilsku je na samom vrhu na svjetskom trzistu. Najvise se koristi za proizvodnju obue ali i za niz drugih proizvoda. Poveana potraznja nojevog mesa rezultat je sve vee potraznje zdrave hrane u svijetu i kod nas. Crveno meso sa malo kalorija, bogato zeljezom, mehko je i vrlo ukusno. Preporucuju ga lijecnici bolesnicima sa srcanim problemima, visokim tlakom, bolestima krvotoka, jer ima izuzetno nisku razinu holesterola. Farmeri koji posjeduju mali broj komercijalnih porodica nojeva ne mogu racunati na brz i ozbiljniji profit. Da bi uzgajivaci sto bezbolnije rjesavali probleme oko uzgoja i plasmana proizvoda, bilo bi korisno da se integrisu u jedinstveno "Udruzenje uzgajivaca africkih nojeva" i da se izradi naucna studija o farmskom uzgoju nojeva u FBiH.

Veterinaria 52, 1-4, 185-192, Sarajevo 2003.

PRIJEDLOG MJERA ZASTITE UZGOJA AUTOHTONIH PASMINA DOMAIH ZIVOTINJA BOSNE I HERCEGOVINE THE PROPOSAL OF MEASURES FOR PROTECTION OF DOMESTIC BREEDS OF DOMESTIC ANIMALS IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA Katica V., Hadziomerovi Z., Saki V., Katica Amela, Softi Almira 1 Summary - The identity of the country and its people is expressed through the culture, language, religion, geopolitical position, economic and political integrity, including traditions inherited in each and every segment of life. One of the traditionally recognized customs in Bosnia and Herzegovina is the breeding and preservation of domestic breeds, which have been known in livestock breeding and production for centuries. Preserving the cultural identity also includes the protection of domestic breeds of our domestic animals that brings specific variety to regions of Bosnia and Herzegovina. This paper aims to establish and conduct urgent measures for preventing the extinction of our inherited breeds, as well as halting the usurpation of other countries that claim some of our domestic breeds and present them as their own. We have found out through general experience and existing data that the animals, such as Bosnian-Herzegovinian mountain horse, cattle (bosanska busa and gatacko govedo), sheep (pramenka), goats (sarena rogata), pigs (siska), dogs (tornjak and barak), pigeons (travnicki kratkokljuni, sarajevski, zenicki and bihaki prevrtac) and some other are undoubtedly the domestic breeds from Bosnia and Herzegovina. We suspect that few more species are also domestic for Bosnia and Herzegovina: hen "zivcarka", herzegovinian donkey, Posavina Hound and Balkan Tricolor Hound. We are trying to prove that those are the genuine domestic breeds having in mind the information about the area, genetic characteristics, productive and reproductive features, history, ethnology, terminology and professional directions. There is a need and obligation of experts in livestock husbandry to propose the ratification of the Worlds Convention on Biological Varieties (Rio, 1992) on the state level, which our country did not signed and to issue the law for protection of domestic breeds of Bosnia and Herzegovina. This law would also include the regulations for financing, maintaining, and control of breeding and embargo on the sale of domestic breeds abroad. Inheritance of genuine domestic breeds of animals is truly the identity card of any state and people, therefore we should proudly accept it and take the necessary measures to preserve all that was inherited from our ancestors. Kratak sadrzaj - Identitet drzave i naroda koji zive u njoj, ostvaruje se kroz kulturu, jezik, vjeroispovijest, geopoliticki polozaj, ekonomsku i politicku definisanost zemlje, kao i tradiciju koja se bastini u svim segmentima rada i zivota. Jedan od prepoznatljivih tradicijskih

Dr Velija Katica, docent; Dr Zijah Hadziomeroivi, redovni profesor; mr. Vedad Saki, visi asistent; dipl. vet. Amela Katica, asistent; dipl. vet. Almira Softi, asistent; Veterinarski fakultet Univerziteta u Sarajevu. Velija Katica, PhD, assistant professor; Zijah Hadziomerovi, PhD, professor; Vedad Saki, MSc, senior assistant, Amela Katica, DVM, assistant; Almira Softi, DVM, assistant; Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Sarajevo University. Veterinaria 52, 1-4, 193-204, Sarajevo 2003.

elemenata u Bosni i Hercegovini trebalo bi da bude i uzgoj autohtonih pasmina domaih zivotinja koje su vjekovima bile prepoznatljive u okviru stocarstva i stocarske proizvodnje. Zato je zastita i briga o uzgoju autohtonih pasmina domaih zivotinja jedan od faktora u cuvanju nacionalnog identiteta jer i one, na odreen nacin, obiljezavaju specificnost i raznolikost zivota u Bosni i Hercegovini. Ovaj rad ima za cilj pokretanje i provoenje hitnih mjera na sprecavanju izumiranja nasih bastinjenih pasmina, kao i zaustavljanje uzurpacije od drugih drzava, koje neke nase autohtone pasmine domaih zivotinja svojataju i prikazuju kao svoje. Na osnovu opih saznanja kao i podataka iz literature dosli smo do zakljucaka da su zivotinje kao sto su: bosansko-hercegovacki brdski konj, krave: bosanska busa i gatacko govedo, ovca pramenka, sarena rogata koza, svinja siska, psi: tornjak i barak, golubovi: travnicki kratkokljuni, sarajevski, zenicki i bihaki prevrtac, i neke druge, neupitno autohtone pasmine domaih zivotinja Bosne i Hercegovine. Za neke pasmine domaih zivotinja, kao sto su kokos- zivicarka, hercegovacki magarac, psi: posavski gonic i balkanski trobojac, postoje tradicijske naznake da su i to autohtone pasmine Bosne i Hercegovine. Iznosei osnovne podatke o eksterijeru, genetickim karakteristikama, produktivnim i reproduktivnim osobinama, povjesti, etnologiji, te obraajui paznju na jezicku terminologiju i strucne odrednice, nastojimo dokazati da su to nase autohtone pasmine. Stvara se potreba i obaveza strucnjaka iz oblasti stocarstva da u skladu sa svjetskom konvencijom o bioloskoj raznolikosti, insistiraju na ratifikaciji navedene konvencije na nivou drzave, kao i donosenju zakona o zastiti domaih autohtonih pasmina, koji bi ukljucio evidentiranje, genetsku identifikaciju, kontrolu uzgoja, formiranje strucnih timova i finansijsko stimulisanje tih aktivnosti. Bastinjenje i uzgoj autohtonih pasmina domaih zivotinja zaista je jedna od bitnih odrednica svakog naroda i drzave i u nasem slucaju treba sa posebnom paznjom preduzeti sve mjere za ocuvanje onoga sto su nam prethodne generacije ostavile u naslijee.

Veterinaria 52, 1-4, 193-204, Sarajevo 2003.

PRIMJENA PROBIOTIKA U PERADARSTVU APPLICATION OF PROBIOTICS IN POULTRY Gagi A., Kavazovi Aida, Alibegovi-Zeci Fahira, Residbegovi Emina 1 Summary - In the intensive poultry production various additives are used for improving the results of the production and health condition of animals. For the same purpose, antibiotics have been used for years. Yet, their usage bears side effects. First of all, antibiotics create residues in meat and eggs that can be harmful for people and they create resistant microorganisms. Because of these reasons the usage of certain antibiotics in non-therapeutic treatment as growth stimulators (zinc bactriacin, virginiamycin, tylosin phosphate, spiramycin) was prohibited, which created a need for substitutes and increased probiotic usage. Oppositely to antibiotics, probiotics help maintaining microbial balance in digestive system, do not leave residues, and have no negative effects on people and animal health. As probiotics are used: bacteria (Lactobacillus spp., L.acidophilus, Enterococcus spp., Bacillus spp.), yeasts (Saccahomyces cerevisiae), lactose, etc. Contemporary researches have proved that probiotics reduce the growth of undesirable and increase the growth of desirable bacteria in the digestive system, stimulate immunity, increase resistance to various agents (bacteria, viruses), improve producing features like gain and food conversion and improve the profitability of egg and poultry meat production. Applications of probiotics is recommended during the environmental stress (high or low temperature), transport and housing of animals, after antibiotic therapy and chemotherapy, in digestion disorders and diarrhea, for improving the appetite and better food consumption and as a prevention measure in health care. Considering the fact that, on one hand, producers are trying to make the production as profitable as possible, the consumers on the other hand are more demanding and want natural, healthy and "safe" food, the usage of probiotics in intensive poultry production could satisfy both parties. Kratak sadrzaj - U intenzivnoj peradarskoj proizvodnji koriste se razliciti dodaci hrani u cilju poboljsanja proizvodnih rezultata i zdravstvenog stanja zivotinja. Ve dugi niz godina u tu svrhu se primjenjuju antibiotici. Meutim, njihova primjena ima i negativne efekte, prije svega u stvaranju rezidua u mesu i jajima koje mogu biti stetne za ljude, kao i u pojavi rezistentnih mikroorganizama. Iz tih razloga, u svijetu je doslo do zabrane upotrebe pojedinih antibiotika u neterapeutske svrhe, odnosno kao stumilatora rasta (cink bacitracin, virginiamycin, tilosin fosfat, spiramycin) a sto je proizvelo potrebu za pronalazenje njihove zamjene. U tu svrhu porasla je primjena probiotika. Suprotno antibioticima, probiotici pomazu odrzavanje odgovarajue mikrobne ravnoteze u digestivnom traktu, ne stvaraju rezidue i nemaju stetne posljedice na zdravlje zivotinja i

Dr Abdulah Gagi, redovni profesor, dr Emina Residbegovi, docent, Centar za peradarstvo, mr Aida Kavazovi, istrazivac saradnik, dr Fahira Alibegovi-Zeci, docent, Katedra za hranu i ishranu zivotinja, Veterinarski fakultet Univerziteta u Sarajevu. Abdulah Gagi, PhD, professor; Emina Residbegovi, PhD, assistant professor, Poultry Centre; Aida Kavazovi, MSc., associate researcher, Fahira Alibegovi-Zeci, PhD, assistant professor, Department for Feed and Nutrition of Animals, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Sarajevo University. Veterinaria 52, 1-4, 205-212, Sarajevo 2003.

ljudi. Kao probiotici koriste se bakterije (Lactobacillus spp. prije svega L. acidophilus, Enterococcus spp., Bacillus spp.), kvasci (Saccharomyces cerevisiae), laktoza i dr. Dosadasnja istrazivanja pokazala su da probiotici smanjuju razvoj nepozeljnih a poveavaju razvoj pozeljnih bakterija u digestivnom traktu, stimulisu imuni sistem, poveavaju otpornost prema razlicitim agensima (bakterije, virusi), poboljsavaju proizvodna svojstva ­ prirast i konverziju hrane, te poveavaju ekonomicnost proizvodnje jaja i mesa peradi. Primjena probiotika kod peradi preporucuje se za vrijeme stresa iz okoline (visoke i niske temperature), kod transporta i prilikom smjestaja zivotinja u objekte, nakon terapije antibioticima i hemoterapeuticima, kod pojave proljeva i probavnih poremeaja, za poboljsanje apetita i bolje iskoristavanja hrane, te u preventivi zdravstvene zastite. Uzimajui u obzir cinjenicu da proizvoaci jaja i mesa peradi s jedne strane nastoje ostvariti sto ekonomicniju proizvodnju, a potrosaci, s druge strane, sve vise traze i zele "prirodne" proizvode, odnosno sigurnu hranu, primjena probiotika u intenzivnoj peradarskoj proizvodnji mogla bi zadovoljiti i jedne i druge.

Veterinaria 52, 1-4, 205-212, Sarajevo 2003.

CONTAGIOUS AGALACTIA VACCINATION: CURRENT SITUATION AND PROSPECTS VAKCINACIJA PROTIV ZARAZNE AGALAKTIJE ­ TRENUTNA SITUACIJA I PERSPEKTIVE C. de la Fe, P. Assunção, A.S. Ramírez, J.L. Fleitas, T. Antunes and J.B. Poveda 1

Summary - Contagious agalactia is one of the most important diseases to affect small ruminants. It can be caused by four mycoplasma species: Mycoplasma agalactiae, the "classical" agent of the disease in sheep and goats, Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides LC, Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capricolum and Mycoplasma putrefaciens. Vaccination strategies against the syndrome have been based on live attenuated conventional vaccines and mainly on inactivated vaccines. No single vaccines have been universally adopted and the real efficacy of immunoprophylaxis, specially at "field conditions", raises several doubts. Despite it, this strategies is more important in endemic areas in which erradication are impossible to apply. The most important inconvenient to develop efficient vaccines against contagious agalactia is the high grade of antigenic variability of mycoplasmas, and future vaccination strategies must be directed to improve the conventional vaccines and to develop efficacious new generation vaccines against the disease. Kratak sadrzaj - Zarazna agalaktija je jedna od najvaznijih bolesti koje pogaaju male prezivare. Uzrokom joj mogu biti cetiri vrste mikoplazme: Mycoplasma agalactiae, "klasican" agens bolesti kod ovaca i koza, Mycoplasma mycides podvrsta mycoides LC, Mycoplasma capricolum podvrsta capricolum i Mycoplasma putrefaciens. Strategije vakcinisanja protiv sindroma su bazirane na zivim razblazenim konvencionalnim vakcinama i uglavnom na neaktivnim vakcinama. Nijedna vakcina nije bila generalno prihvaena a stvarna efikasnost imunoprofilakse, posebno na "terenskim uslovima", daje razloga za nekoliko sumnji. Uprkos tome, ove su strategije vaznije u endemskim regijama, gdje je iskorjenjivanje nemogue. Najvaznija poteskoa u razvoju efikasnih vakcina protiv zarazne agalaktije je visok prosjek antigenskih varijacija mikoplazmi, a strategije vakcinisanja u budunosti moraju se usmjeriti ka poboljsanju konvencionalnih vakcina i razvoju nove generacije vakcina protiv bolesti.

C. de la Fe, P. Assunção, A.S. Ramírez, J.L. Fleitas, T. Antunes and J.B. Poveda, Unit of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine. Veterinary Faculty. University of Las Palmas. Trasmontaña s/n 35416 Arucas (Spain). E-mail: [email protected] C. de la Fe, P. Assunção, A.S. Ramírez, J.L. Fleitas, T. Antunes and B. Poveda, Jedinica za epidemiologiju i preventivnu medicinu Veterinarskog fakulteta Univerziteta Las Palmas, Spanija. Trasmontaña s/n 35416 Arucas (Spain). E-mail: [email protected] Veterinaria 52, 1-4, 213-218, Sarajevo 2003.

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