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2007 Annual Report

Westchester County Department of Public Safety

Andrew J. Spano Westchester County Executive

Thomas Belfiore Commissioner-Sheriff

County Board of Legislators

Table of Contents

Message from the Commissioner ................................................................................................. 1 Mission Statement ......................................................................................................................... 3 History............................................................................................................................................ 4 Office of the Commissioner-Sheriff ............................................................................................. 5 Office of Professional Responsibility and Special Investigations .............................................. 5 Office of Intelligence, Security & Counter-Terrorism ............................................................... 6 Environmental Security Unit ...................................................................................................... 8 Office of the Chief of Operations ............................................................................................... 10 Investigative Services Division................................................................................................. 12 General Investigations Unit .................................................................................................. 12 Forensic Investigations Unit ................................................................................................. 12 Ballistics Section................................................................................................................... 13 Latent Print/Crime Scene Section ......................................................................................... 13 Digital Evidence Section....................................................................................................... 14 Repository for Integrated Criminalistic Imaging .................................................................. 14 Armorer ................................................................................................................................. 14 Narcotics Unit ....................................................................................................................... 15 Crime Analysis Unit ............................................................................................................. 16 Warrant ­ Fugitive Unit ........................................................................................................ 16 Patrol Services Division ............................................................................................................ 17 Public Safety Emergency Force ............................................................................................ 22 Special Operations Division ..................................................................................................... 23 Aviation Unit ........................................................................................................................ 23 Bomb Squad Unit.................................................................................................................. 27 Special Response Team ........................................................................................................ 28 Counter Sniper/Marksman Team .......................................................................................... 28 Canine Teams (K-9) .............................................................................................................. 28 Hostage Negotiation Team ................................................................................................... 29 Mobile Command Post ......................................................................................................... 29 Mounted Unit ........................................................................................................................ 30 Office of the First Deputy Commissioner ................................................................................. 31 Training Division/Police Academy........................................................................................... 31 Office of Drug Prevention and STOP-DWI.............................................................................. 34 Office of Public Information ..................................................................................................... 39 Explorer Post ............................................................................................................................. 40 Chief of Administrative Services ............................................................................................... 41 Crime Prevention Physical Security Unit ............................................................................. 41 Accreditation Program .......................................................................................................... 41 Pistol Licensing Unit............................................................................................................. 42 Civil Unit .............................................................................................................................. 42 Westchester County Taxi & Limousine Commission .......................................................... 44 Support Services ................................................................................................................... 45 Financial Overview ..................................................................................................................... 49 2007 Budget Overview ............................................................................................................. 50 Revenues ............................................................................................................................... 50 Expenditures ......................................................................................................................... 50 Grants & Trusts ......................................................................................................................... 51 Capital Projects ......................................................................................................................... 52 In Memoriam............................................................................................................................... 53 Governing Bodies ........................................................................................................................ 54 Military Recognition ................................................................................................................... 55

Andrew J. Spano County Executive Department of Public Safety Thomas Belfiore Commissioner/Sheriff

Message from the Commissioner

2007 was a year of great accomplishment and success for the Westchester County Department of Public Safety. Those successes, outlined in the pages that follow, are the result of the hard work, dedication and commitment to excellence that our members bring to their jobs every day. To the men and women of the Department of Public Safety, I say thank you for all you do to keep our county safe and secure. Among the year's highlights: The Patrol Services Division (PSD) made a record number of arrests in 2007, including a record number of Driving While Intoxicated arrests. The PSD also implemented a Crash Reduction program that uses targeted enforcement, requests for roadway engineering surveys and public education to lower the number of accidents on our parkways. By removing intoxicated drivers, curbing aggressive driving and reducing accidents, the PSD is making our parkways safer. The Special Operations Division enjoyed tremendous success in 2007 and continued to serve as a vital resource for local police agencies in Westchester County. The Aviation Unit saw a surge in requests from local police departments for assistance from our Department's helicopters. The highly trained and skilled members of the Bomb Squad were called upon often to investigate suspicious packages and devices or conduct security sweeps and threat assessments. The Mounted Unit became operational in March 2007, adding a new dimension to our ability to safeguard Westchester's parks, bike paths and other properties. In June 2007, the Digital Evidence Section of the Forensic Investigation Unit became the first crime laboratory in New York State to be fully accredited in Digital Evidence

examination. The accreditation recognizes the Department for its expertise in recovering and preserving critical evidence from a variety of electronic storage devices. In December 2007, the Department of Public Safety once again received state accreditation after a top-to-bottom review by a panel of law enforcement professionals. The reaccreditation confirms that we are meeting the highest professional standards set for law enforcement agencies in New York State.

These successes and so many others would not be possible without the vision and leadership of County Executive Andrew Spano. The Westchester County Board of Legislators has been a key partner as well, providing us with the resources necessary to fulfill our public safety mission.

The Department of Public Safety is committed to building on these successes in 2008 and beyond.

Thomas Belfiore Commissioner ­ Sheriff

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Mission Statement

The Westchester County Department of Public Safety is committed to increasing the safety and security of all those who live, work or recreate in our County. Toward that end, we will remain vigilant: In policing parkways and County property In being an ever present resource for local law enforcement In remaining at the forefront in protecting our citizens and critical infrastructure from acts of domestic and international terrorism

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History

The Westchester County Department of Public Safety was created on July 1, 1979, by the merger of the Westchester County Sheriff's Department and the Westchester County Parkway Police. Since that time, the Department has provided primary police coverage for County parks, parkways and facilities. Since inception, the Department has also provided specialized police services to neighboring jurisdictions. Such specialized services include bomb and ballistics technicians, aviation and STOP-DWI programs, as well as investigative support for narcotics, warrants and major case investigations1. The Department of Public Safety is the second largest law enforcement agency in Westchester County and is unique as it is the only police department with countywide jurisdiction. Public Safety's Headquarters building is located in Hawthorne, New York, on the Saw Mill River Parkway and Route 9A. Satellite offices are located in White Plains and in the Town of Cortlandt.

Headquarters Building

Westchester County Department of Public Safety New York State Accredited Agency

1

(Lavin, M. J., Donovan, F. J. Images of America: Westchester County Protect and Serve, Arcadia Publishing, Charleston, SC, 2001.)

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Office of the Commissioner-Sheriff

Office of Professional Responsibility and Special Investigations

The Office of Professional Responsibility and Special Investigations (OPRSI) is responsible for investigating civilian complaints, internal administrative complaints and any other confidential or sensitive matter as directed by the Commissioner-Sheriff of the Department of Public Safety. The OPRSI provides the Commissioner-Sheriff with an investigative entity that is autonomous and independent from all other areas of the Department. This ensures unbiased investigations and helps maintain the highest standards of integrity, ethics and professionalism. By thoroughly investigating allegations of corruption, misconduct, malfeasance and other forms of inappropriate conduct, the OPRSI helps to preserve the exceptional reputation of the Department of Public Safety and its members. The manner in which members of the Department interact with the public plays an important role in determining the success of this agency. Particular concern is placed upon civilian complaints filed against Department members. The OPRSI maintains a comprehensive centralized index of all citizen complaints received by the Department and oversees each investigation. The office evaluates statistical information gathered from complaints and allegations to identify patterns or emerging trends of inappropriate behavior, misconduct or training deficiencies of Department members. The Office of Professional Responsibility and Special Investigations is also responsible for: Investigating allegations of criminal or other serious misconduct by employees from other county agencies; Maintaining oversight of the Department's Self Inspection/Quality Assurance Program, tracking reports and findings and performing periodic spot checks for accuracy; Coordinating the Department's Random Drug Testing Program, scheduling tests, monitoring attendance and acting as liaison with the Department of Human Resources and the contracted laboratory testing service; and Overseeing Medical Control for the Department and tracking reports and the treatment of employee injuries.

CIVILIAN COMPLAINT CASES Total New Cases Opened Use of Force Bias Racial Profiling Courtesy Equipment/Performance Unbecoming Conduct Other

2007 24 1 0 1 15 4 0 3

2006 27 5 1 2 14 3 1 1

% CHANGE/YEAR

-11% -80% -100% -50% 7% 33% -100% 200%

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CASES OPENED by CATEGORY

3 4 0

1

0

1

15

Use of For ce Bia s Ra cia l Pr ofil in g Cou r t esy Equ ipm en t /Per for m a n ce Un becom in g Con du ct Ot h er

Use of force cases are down by four (1 vs. 5) cases or -80 %. The sole force complaint was investigated and the officers involved were exonerated. Although the number of summonses issued, motorists stopped, arrests made and other public contacts during 2007 was high (85,104 documented contacts in 2007), the number of civilian complaints remained low. Allegations of misconduct are aggressively investigated. Moreover, the Department has incorporated training for current officers as well as new recruits to address concerns raised in civilian complaints.

Office of Intelligence, Security & Counter-Terrorism

In April 2003, the Department of Public Safety consolidated its efforts in the areas of counter-terrorism intelligence gathering and the security of critical infrastructure by creating the Intelligence, Security and Counter-Terrorism Unit (ISCTU) and appointing its first director. The ISCTU was created to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of the County's counter terrorism activities.

Director Harry Rosenthal

The ISCTU is tasked with the collection, assessment and dissemination of intelligence information; development of proactive initiatives and reactive strategies responsive to intelligence/threat information, and identification of capabilities and coordination of activities between county departments, local, state and federal law enforcement agencies and our private sector partners. ISCTU also identifies federal and state funding sources to help protect critical infrastructure and key resources within the County; and develop and provide awareness materials and presentations for law enforcement, business and citizen groups within the community.

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Information/Intelligence Sharing

The ISCTU gathers and develops information and intelligence to help ensure the security of County residents, critical infrastructure within the County, and those who work, visit or recreate in Westchester. This includes identifying, assessing and sharing relevant domestic and international incidents; coordinating and monitoring local and regional preparedness efforts; monitoring threats, and making recommendations to deter, detect, prevent and respond to terrorist incidents. The ISCTU reviews multiple sources and contacts local, state and federal law enforcement agencies to gather public, law enforcement sensitive and classified information concerning security and terrorism. Once consolidated, the information is assessed and briefed to appropriate decision-makers based on its relevance to Westchester County, surrounding counties and New York State. The ISCTU continues to coordinate its efforts with the Intelligence Sub-Committee of the Westchester County Chiefs of Police Association, the New York State Police, the New York City Department of Environmental Protection Police and federal law enforcement to identify and resolve security concerns beyond the capabilities of one law enforcement agency. Additionally, the Counter-Terrorism Intelligence Task Force continues to share intelligence and appropriate on-going investigative information.

Security

Since September 11, 2001, security of critical infrastructure/key resources has taken a prominent role in homeland defense. Whether the asset is a building, bridge, energy infrastructure, school, essential personnel or transportation asset, each requires a unique assessment of its threats, vulnerabilities and risks. The Corporate Security Sub-Committee, consisting of representatives of various private sector security managers from around the County, addresses significant physical security and protocol issues with respect to emergency first responders. Also, to enhance coordination and communications advantages, private businesses provide a representative to the County's Emergency Operations Center when it is fully activated. The ISCTU assists with the substantial security efforts at the Westchester County Airport. Working cooperatively with the airport manager's security representatives and Transportation Security Administration counterparts, the airport has undergone significant security improvements, including a state-of-the-art perimeter security system. Enhanced coordination with the New York City Department of Environmental Protection Police has produced significant security improvements at the Kensico Dam. Additionally, constant coordination is maintained with the New York State Police and the security elements at the Indian Point Nuclear power plant.

Counter-Terrorism

Public awareness is an essential element for success in homeland defense. Often, our day-to-day battle is with complacency. In an effort to shake lethargy and battle complacency, the ISCTU developed awareness materials and conducts presentations for business and community groups. The most recent is an awareness video that helps our citizens understand what suspicious is in relationship to potential terrorist activities. This 10-minute video can be found on the Westchester County Department of Public Safety website http://www.westchestergov.com/ps/, then clicking on the web links for the Video on Preventing Terrorism. 7

Environmental Security Unit

The Environmental Security Unit (ESU) is tasked with protecting and safeguarding the environment and natural resources of Westchester through proactive enforcement of environmental conservation laws and public education. The ESU provides input on security measures at certain County facilities including parks, wastewater treatment plants, water supply structures and municipal waste transfer stations. Members of the unit conduct frequent and unannounced environmental security inspections of County facilities as well as other critical assets and infrastructure including all watershed within the County.

Director Ron Gatto

The ESU works with agencies at all levels of government and forms the collaborative partnerships needed to respond to, investigate and remediate environmental incidents throughout Westchester County.

Inspections

In 2007, ESU conducted 528 security inspections of County properties and other sensitive areas to assess compliance with environmental regulations and established security measures. Facilities receiving extra scrutiny include: County transportation hubs, sewage treatment plants, parks, watershed property and recreation areas. These patrols allow early detection of emerging conditions and greatly enhance law enforcement's ability to take prompt, corrective actions.

Investigations

In addition to conducting inspections and patrols, ESU completed 122 criminal investigations in 2007. All cases resulted in corrective actions to minimize the negative impact to the environment. Many cases resulted in criminal charges or the issuance of summonses.

Educational Programs

The Environmental Security Unit expanded the audience base for its environmental awareness and enforcement lectures to include presentations to local secondary schools, colleges and universities, environmental and community organizations, town building/fire inspectors and businesses. One program of particular interest is given to area oil company service technicians, building inspectors and fire marshals. The presentation covers such topics as spill reporting and prevention, illegal dumping, discharges, environmental crimes and enforcement.

Overview of Selected Cases

Radiation monitors were installed at the County's municipal waste transfer stations in order to detect radioactive material entering facilities before the material is commingled with other trash. Investigations are commenced when the monitors detect radioactive material on incoming trucks. In a small number of cases, medical supplies came from a doctor's office or hospital. All cases necessitated the hiring of a certified contractor (by the municipality owning the truck) to clean out the truck. An initiative was implemented in 2006, where low-level radioactive waste is incinerated at the RESCO burn plant. The new measures have saved municipalities hundreds of thousands of dollars and ensure the material is disposed of properly. 8

Two subjects were arrested on several misdemeanor charges under the NYS Environmental Conservation Laws for illegally discharging more than a hundred gallons of old waste oil into a storm drain in the Village of Elmsford. The subjects were removing old oil tanks without being properly licensed. The oil flowed into the Hudson River. Misdemeanor summonses were issued under the Laws of Westchester to a subject for dumping washing machines, dryers and other appliances ( a truck load ) at Ridge Road Park in the Town of Greenburgh. The subject was also ordered to clean up all items dumped. A misdemeanor arrest was made when a company located in the City of Mount Vernon released over 500 gallons of cooking oil onto a roadway which entered storm drains that flow into the Bronx River and Long Island Sound.

ESU continues to work with County Airport officials to enhance the Airport's Environmental Management System and protective measures already implemented. Frequent Environmental Security Inspections are completed to ensure all environmental steps are taken during projects or remediation. This is part of the Airport's environmental policy for the ISO-140001certification for 2007. The Unit also works closely with the Westchester County District Attorney's Office and the New York State Attorney General's Office concerning environmental crimes.

Illegal discharge

Illegal transport/spillage

Illegal drums found with lead

Illegal discharge into a storm drain

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Office of the Chief of Operations

The Office of the Chief of Operations oversees the operational functions for the Department of Public Safety. Operations is comprised of: Patrol Services Division Investigative Services Division Special Operations Division Information and Technology Unit

Chief Inspector Martin J. McGlynn

In 2004, the Department of Public Safety implemented WestStat as part of its management accountability and performance review process. WestStat was derived from the immensely successfully and nationally recognized Compstat model developed by the New York Police Department. The analysis of accurate and timely crime data permits the Department of Public Safety to identify emerging patterns/trends and reallocate or redeploy resources in response. The chart below reflects an increase (+4.4%) in serious crimes (Part 1) reported on the Uniform Crime Report. Dramatic decreases in forcible rape (-50%) and robbery (-91%) was offset by increases in felony assault (+11.7%), burglary (+41%) and motor vehicle thefts (+83%). The felony assault increase is directly attributable to our zero tolerance policy at the County Jail, where perpetrators of criminal acts at the facility are arrested by a detective who is assigned there to address this area of concern. The burglary and larceny increases stem from our increased workload in our Cortlandt patrol area. Our patrol car in Cortlandt is now dispatched by the New York State Police Traffic Management Center which receives 911 calls directly for this area. Being dispatched by the primary 911 answering point has resulted in an increased number of Part 1 crimes reported to this Department and are thus reflected in our crime statistics. The increase in motor vehicle thefts is entirely attributed to an individual who was stealing cars from one of our County parks. Efforts by the Patrol Services Division brought this rash of thefts to a halt with the arrest of the individual responsible. WestStat also shows a 12.5% increase in arrests for Part 1 crimes and an overall increase of 2.1% in Department arrests for 2007. The increase in summonses issued continued a three-year trend, rising to 27,586 for 2007, a 2.6% increase over 2006. Overall blotter events, which include calls for service and other Department activity, reached a record level of 85,104 events, a 4.4% increase over 2006.

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All the divisions that comprise Operations have worked extremely hard in 2007 to meet the demands and expectations of the communities we serve. Extraordinary efforts by division commanders, unit supervisors and the officers themselves, supported by dedicated civilian staff, have allowed us to continue our mission. Significant strides in technology have made us more efficient and responsive. The following pages will allow our division commanders and unit supervisors to tell you their story and accomplishments. I would like to take this opportunity to thank every one of them for their dedication, sacrifices and courage to protect the residents of and visitors to Westchester County.

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Investigative Services Division

The Investigative Services Division (ISD), which operates under the command of Captain Thomas Gleason, is comprised of thirteen units and task forces. The primary function of ISD is to aggressively investigate crimes within the primary jurisdiction of the Westchester County Police and to provide specialized assistance when requested to local Westchester County law enforcement agencies for problematic, long-range, large-scale or complex investigations.

Captain Thomas Gleason

General Investigations Unit

Detectives assigned to the General Investigations Unit (GIU) conduct investigations on all matters of criminal activity reported to have occurred on County property and any other criminal incident for other agencies requesting our assistance. Additionally, GIU members are assigned to federal and countywide multi-agency task forces. Specially trained members of GIU provide technical and investigative assistance to local agencies in the more complicated aspects of criminal investigations including sex crimes, undercover investigations, homicide investigations, cold case/unsolved homicides, deception analysis, electronic surveillance, financial investigations, criminal enterprise investigations and other long term or major case investigations. During 2007, GIU concluded a seven-year investigation into a 1994 rape/homicide in Pelham, resulting in the positive identification of the offender. Last year, GIU conducted 1,382 criminal investigations in addition to 23 investigations requested by local agencies. The investigations included 176 at the Westchester County Jail, 149 at the Westchester County Medical Center, 37 welfare fraud investigations, 32 sex crime/special victim investigations, and 15 death investigations. The unit arrested 301 suspects on criminal charges resulting from investigations and also processed 640 persons on criminal charges. In addition, GIU executed 19 search warrants in the furtherance of various criminal investigations. GIU is also tasked with the follow-up investigations resulting from personal injury and property damage accidents occurring on the Westchester County parkway system where one or more of the responsible/involved parties fled the scene of the accident. These type of incidents resulted in 147 additional investigations.

Forensic Investigations Unit

The Forensic Investigations Unit provides expert analysis and testimony in the Forensic disciplines of Ballistics, Crime Scene, Digital Evidence and Latent Prints. The Forensic Investigations Unit is recognized as a public forensic laboratory under New York State Executive Law and is accredited by the New York State Commission on Forensic Science and the American Society of Crime Lab Directors.

ASCLD/LAB

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The Forensic Investigations Unit (FIU) continues to be the only accredited computer forensic lab in New York State. The experts in this unit process computers and other digital media used in criminal activity for evidence. The FIU has assisted the FBI, US Attorney's Office, US Postal Service, NYPD and many other local law enforcement agencies in and surrounding Westchester County.

Ballistics Section

The Ballistics Section assists investigators in processing crime scenes and analyzing evidence in cases that involve the use of firearms. Ballistics Section investigators identify types of weapons and ammunition, and conduct microscopic comparisons of bullets and discharged cartridge casings recovered at crime scenes, hospitals or morgues. Test firing weapons for operability, examination of projectiles and the identification of tool marks and gunpowder residue are core functions of this Section. The Ballistics Section houses the state-of-the-art Integrated Ballistics Identification System (IBIS) computer search system, an image analyzing system for acquiring, storing, and comparing the images of bullets and cartridge cases. The IBIS system captures digital images of striations on bullets and tool marks left on cartridge cases, which are used to produce an electronic signature. These are compared with images stored in a local database, and a list of possible matches are D/S Nicolosi, Det. Holzman, and D/S Tota at the IBIS assigned numerical scores, the highest of which are System chosen and viewed under a comparison microscope for possible links between cases. In addition, if investigative information warrants, the ability to search databases nationwide exists, thus revolutionizing the way ballistics evidence is compared and connected. In 2007, the Ballistics Section had 24 cold hits with the IBIS system wherein data was matched to information contained in the existing database. Through year's end, the Westchester County IBIS system had 185 cold hits connecting over 184 cases in Westchester. These are cases that, without this system, would likely not have been linked. The Ballistics Section processed a total of 329 cases involving the use of firearms. A total of 252 firearms, and more than 3,800 additional items of firearms-related evidence were examined and tested. Ballistics personnel also conducted 21 lectures and seminars at the Westchester County Police Academy, local colleges and high schools. In addition, the Ballistics Section offered expert testimony in 37 different trials in Westchester County and Supreme Courts, as well as in the Southern and Eastern District Federal Courts.

Latent Print/Crime Scene Section

Investigators possessing highly specialized, technical and analytical skills in the area of forensic investigation are assigned to the Latent Print/Crime Scene Section of the Department's Forensic Investigations Unit. The investigative and technical support services that the Section provides are: certified latent fingerprint analysis, classification and comparison. 13

Macro (Up-Close) Photography of a Latent Fingerprint

Crime scene processing, photography, computer-generated composite imaging and other types of forensic processing are also done by this Section. The Forensic Investigations Unit houses the Westchester County Crime Scene Unit and is utilized by the majority of law enforcement agencies in Westchester. The Latent Print/Crime Scene Section remains the host site for the County's Statewide Automated Fingerprint Identification System (SAFIS). The system permits fingerprint examiners to electronically match prints recovered at a crime scene against those of arrested persons on file in the state system. In 2007, the Latent Print/Crime Scene Section caseload increased by 6% from the year before to a total of 967 cases, Latent Print Detectives investigated 738 latent fingerprint cases and processed 99 crime scenes, a 55% increase in crime scene investigations. In addition, 204 latent print cases were submitted into SAFIS in 2007.

Digital Evidence Section

The Digital Evidence Section attained accreditation in 2007 from the New York State Commission on Forensic Science and the American Society of Crime Laboratory Directors. This achievement made the Digital Evidence Section the first accredited digital evidence section in New York State and the seventeenth in the United States at that time. Throughout 2007, the Digital Evidence Section continued to conduct examinations of computers, cellular telephones, electronic storage devices, etc., for local and Sgt Welsh and PO Faye in the Digital Evidence Lab federal agencies. These examinations were conducted for various types of cases that included homicide, illegal gambling, narcotics, distribution of child pornography and identity theft. In 2007, the Digital Evidence Section caseload increased more than 150%, as compared to 2006, necessitating the training of a third examiner.

Repository for Integrated Criminalistic Imaging

The Forensic Investigations Unit also provides the administration and support for the Westchester County Repository for Integrated Criminalistic Imaging (R.I.C.I.) online booking and database systems. This system network serves more than 35 law enforcement agencies in Westchester and Putnam Counties. The R.I.C.I. network allows these agencies to share and track persons arrested for crimes along with criminal information, photographs, pedigree, and palm and fingerprint images. In 2007, there were a total of 14,079 arrest bookings and an additional 223 criminal identification inquiries made through R.I.C.I. In addition the Forensic Investigations Unit processed 56 non-criminal fingerprint inquiries, 121 courtordered record seals and 991 criminal record searches.

Armorer

The Department Armorer is responsible for the maintenance of all Department-issued weapons and firearms, periodic firearms testing and related record keeping. The Armorer also conducts research and 14

Det. Holzman inspects the shipment of new Department firearms.

testing of new and/or improved firearms and ammunition. In addition to the Armorer's regular duties, he is solely responsible for the maintenance and security of specialized weapons such as sniper rifles, shotguns, MP5s, pepper ball delivery systems and those weapons used during highrisk tactical operations. The Armorer also extends his services and expertise to those local law enforcement agencies that request assistance.

Narcotics Unit

The Westchester County Police Narcotics Unit is a countywide drug enforcement unit that aggressively investigates drug activity within the County and provides assistance to local jurisdictions in their battle against drug use and distribution. The Narcotics Unit utilizes a variety of techniques to accomplish its mission: electronic surveillances, telephone pen registers, court-ordered wiretaps, search warrants, undercover operations, vehicle drug interdiction, parcel interdiction, quality of life enforcement (including prostitution stings) and canine-based searches. The unit works closely with the Westchester County Drug Enforcement Administration Task Force, the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives and the Federal Bureau of Investigation in pursuing federal prosecution of appropriate cases. During 2007, among its many other investigations, the Narcotics Unit conducted Operation Northern Exposure in the Town of Cortlandt , which resulted in the arrest of twenty-seven individuals for violations of the controlled substance laws.

Cocaine, marijuana and pills seized in February 2007

Kilo of cocaine seized from a hidden compartment during a Narcotics Unit traffic stop in July 2007

Cocaine and pharmaceutical drugs seized in August 2007

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Crime Analysis Unit

The Crime Analysis Unit (CAU) serves as the Westchester County and regional law enforcement intelligence and information hub, connecting more than 100 local, state and federal law enforcement agencies in and surrounding Westchester County. CAU plays a critical role in disseminating information necessary to identify pattern crimes and suspects and issuing the latest bulletins on officer safety and criminal investigation methods and techniques necessary to enhance law enforcement's detection and apprehension capabilities. CAU holds a monthly intelligence sharing meeting to facilitate the exchange of information between the numerous police agencies in and around the County. Moreover, the Crime Analysis Unit utilizes a secure list server and website to give sworn law enforcement members immediate access to current and historical information and intelligence. CAU investigations include counter-terrorism, registered sex offenders, computer crime, bank fraud, stolen property, predicate felons and gun-related cases. These investigations are often conducted in conjunction with local law enforcement, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Joint Terrorist Task Force, the New York City Police Department, the New York State Police, the Office of Homeland Security and other law enforcement agencies. Additionally, CAU is responsible for monitoring reports of bias crimes throughout the County and tracking convicted sex offenders who reside in the Town of Cortlandt and Westchester County housing facilities to ensure the offenders are in compliance with Megan's Law.

Officer Peter Farrell reviews the transactional records related to stolen jewelry pieces which were fenced through a local business and were the proceeds of a burglary.

During 2007, CAU investigated 22 counter-terrorism-related cases with ties to Westchester County, distributed 851 law enforcement bulletins, handled 155 sex offender cases, provided 412 investigative assists to local law enforcement and indexed 354 parolees. In 2007 CAU also conducted 405 Operation IMPACT investigative assignments, investigated 34 computer crime cases and initiated 21 Operation PROFILE investigations. Operation IMPACT is a New York State Department of Criminal Justice Services initiative which targets illegal gun and gang activity. Operation PROFILE investigations target online criminal activity, particularly Internet predators.

Warrant ­ Fugitive Unit

The mission of the Westchester County Police WarrantFugitive Unit (WFU) is to locate individuals who are the subject of a Westchester County Criminal Court Warrant. The warrants are issued for individuals facing felony, misdemeanor and other charges. In addition, the unit also investigates and enforces warrants issued by local Family Courts. WFU detectives are called upon to represent the county in extradition cases where the defendant is apprehended in our County and is wanted by another state, or where the defendant is apprehended in another state and is wanted by Westchester County or any of its municipalities.

Detective Henry Ballesteros searching various databases to locate persons wanted by the Warrant Fugitive Unit.

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In addition to its primary role of apprehending fugitives, the Warrant-Fugitive Unit assumes transport duties for prisoners that are under the province of the Westchester County Supreme, County and Family Courts. In executing this obligation, members of the unit conducted 192 prisoner transports by car in 2007. The Warrant-Fugitive Unit works closely with the Westchester County Integrated Domestic Violence Court to expedite the execution of Domestic Violence warrants. In 2007, the unit received 52 Domestic Violence Warrants and made 40 arrests. The Warrant-Fugitive Unit works closely with the Westchester County Department of Probation to expedite the execution of Violation of Probation warrants. In 2007, the unit made 118 Violation of Probation arrests. The Warrant-Fugitive Unit contributes one detective full time to the local U.S. Marshal's Fugitive Task Force, which consists of a multi-agency collaboration aimed at locating and arresting transient fugitives. In its first year of local operation, this effort resulted in the arrest of 66 fugitives, of which 18 arrests were Warrant-Fugitive Unit cases. Last year, the Warrant-Fugitive Unit received 564 warrants for investigation. A total of eight extradition trips were conducted by air. An additional 21 extradition trips were completed by the United States Marshal's Service through a contractual agreement. In 2007, there were 353 arrests recorded by the unit, which included 128 field arrests by members of the WarrantFugitive Unit. The unit also cleared 548 warrants and 677 cases in 2007. Task Forces The Investigative Services Division currently has members assigned to the following multiagency task forces: DEA Task Force FBI Violent Crime Task Force U.S. Marshals Fugitive Task Force District Attorney's Auto Crime Task Force

Patrol Services Division

The men and women of the Patrol Services Division (PSD) are the members of the Department that the public sees every day. Considered to be the backbone of the Department, the Patrol Services Division, comprised of both Patrol and Communications, serves the public 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, through all weather conditions. Their responsibilities are as diverse as the public they serve.

Captain John Hodges Uniformed members of the PSD are seen every day on the parkways, in the Town of Cortlandt, at the Westchester County Airport and in county parks, office buildings and facilities. On any given day, a member of the Patrol Services Division may be called upon to perform an extensive range of assignments, from traffic enforcement to investigating accidents, from transporting prisoners to local courts to installing child seats for residents, from responding to reports of domestic violence to securing a crime scene. PSD members are the voice on the other end of a 911 call and the first face that appears at the scene of an emergency ready to help. Officers of the PSD are highly visible and evervigilant; in essence, they are the identity of the Department.

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Parkway Patrol While the functions of the Patrol Services Division continue to expand to meet the needs of the public, history will always tie the identity of the PSD officer to one of the Department's earliest roles: parkway patrol. As Westchester and its population continues to grow, so too do traffic and safety concerns. The members of the PSD that patrol the Saw Mill River, Bronx River, Hutchinson River and Cross County Parkways have aggressively addressed these concerns with unprecedented success. Parkway patrols keep commuters safe and traffic moving effectively by conducting education and enforcement initiatives designed to minimize the loss of life, injuries and property damage caused by traffic accidents, dangerous driving practices and impaired motorists. PSD officers respond quickly to emergency calls on the parkways, minimizing the potential danger to the motoring public while promoting the flow of traffic. PSD's dedicated officers collectively drive over one million miles each year in order to maintain the level of service on which Westchester commuters rely. In addition to routine patrols, new initiatives have raised motorist safety to an even greater level. The newly formed Crash Reduction Unit (CRU) supplements regular patrol units by specifically addressing accident-prone locations. Funded by a grant from the State of New York Governor's Traffic Safety Committee, the CRU uses both high- and low-profile patrols to deter aggressive and distracted driving that often contributes to motor vehicle accidents. Since the inception of the CRU, its presence and assertive enforcement efforts have paid off, resulting in a reduction of motor vehicles accidents. In addition to the CRU, the Patrol Services Division conducts various initiatives that focus on perennial threats to public safety on the parkways, including DWI, speed and hand-held cell phone enforcement. DWI arrests have steadily risen over the years due to increased officer training to recognize drivers that may be impaired by alcohol or drugs. Creative initiatives on the part of PSD include targeted patrol enforcement and sobriety checkpoints. Assisted by funding from the Department's Office of Drug Prevention and STOP-DWI, experienced PSD officers often assist local police departments with DWI enforcement. The officers of the Patrol Services Division have a zero tolerance policy for drivers who put themselves and the public at risk by driving while impaired. Their tireless efforts continue to make County roadways safer, resulting in a record 543 DWI arrests in 2007.

DWI ARRESTS BY YEAR

600 500

ARRESTS

400 300 200 100 0

1984

1985

1986

1987

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

YEAR

County Police DWI Arrests from 1984 to 2007

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2007

Cortlandt Patrol The versatility of the Patrol Services Division is no better exhibited than by moving from its accomplishments and unique patrol function on the parkway system to their role as community police in the Town of Cortlandt. Patrol services in Cortlandt are provided from the North Command located at Cortlandt Town Hall. Officers assigned to patrol Cortlandt share that responsibility with the New York State Police in a working partnership that is quite effective. PSD officers in Cortlandt have gained the confidence of town residents by effectively addressing community concerns. PSD officers work along with citizens in a cooperative effort to develop solutions to community problems. The PSD's participation in an Enforcing the Underage Drinking Laws (EUDL) grant illustrates its resolve to address community issues. The Patrol Services Division is now a charter member of the Cortlandt Coalition that oversaw the success of the EUDL grant and now administers The Communities That Care Grant. The Patrol Services Division's positive impact on the Town of Cortlandt demonstrates the ongoing success of the Department's community policing model. Westchester County Airport Since 9/11, airport security has been a significant public concern. The Westchester County Airport is a top priority for the Patrol Services Division due to the increasing volume of patrons the airport serves, the high profile of many of these patrons (including dignitaries and heads of state) and the airport's proximity to New York City. In 2006, the County Airport handled 1,003,600 total passengers. In 2007, that number jumped to 1,655,473 ­ an increase of over sixty percent. The PSD has adjusted to meet this growth and its impact on traveler safety as well as the safety of the Greater Metropolitan Area. PSD Officers assigned to the County Airport are responsible for assuring that vehicle and pedestrian traffic moves safely and efficiently, that passengers comply

Police Officer George Varbero with a TSA screener at the County Airport.

with boarding procedures monitored by the TSA and that the security of hangars, fence lines and aircraft is not compromised. Communicator, an airport-wide alert system that notifies the entire airport in case of an emergency within 2-3 minutes of activation, is one tool at the disposal of PSD's airport patrols. Another is the Cops and Ops program. Cops and Ops is a joint effort of PSD officers and civilian airport operations personnel to insure the security of inner and outer airfield perimeters. Multiple Cops and Ops inspections along with other various inspections are performed throughout the day to monitor airport security. The continued goal of the PSD at the Westchester County Airport is to facilitate air travel for airport patrons while maintaining the utmost level of security.

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County Parks Patrol and Special Events The Westchester County Parks system spans 18,000 acres and consists of more than 50 parks, nature centers, hiking and biking trails, six commercial pools, three beaches and Rye Playland, the only government-owned-and-operated amusement park in the country. Tens of thousands of County residents and non-residents visit the parks year-round with a huge spike in attendance over the summer months. The Patrol Services Division maintains patrols of these parks throughout the year and redeploys officers as well as seasonal park rangers to the parks during the summer to accommodate the sharp increase in visitors. Bicycle and All Terrain Vehicle patrols are an important element of the PSD's effectiveness within the parks and along the extensive County trailways. The County Parks Department and its patrons rely on the PSD to respond as needed to the safety concerns that arise throughout the year within the vast and complex parks system. The presence of both PSD officers and seasonal park rangers assure parks visitors of a safe and enjoyable experience. With special events held throughout the year in the various parks and at the Westchester County Center, the PSD is repeatedly counted on to provide and coordinate exceptional police security. The Playland Summer Concert Series, cultural celebrations, sporting events and fireworks shows are some of the many examples of popular events that have the potential of drawing thousands of people per venue. In July 2007, the PSD helped make possible a Westchester County first: the hosting of The Empire State Games. The opening ceremonies at the Kensico Dam Plaza hosted 12,500 athletes, parents, friends, spectators and VIPs, and the games continued over the course of the next four days at various locations throughout the County. The PSD's planning and execution of security contributed to the event being hailed as a complete success.

Captain Hodges discusses Empire State Games plans with members of the command and general staff.

County Buildings, Westchester Community College and Grasslands Reservation Uniformed officers of the PSD are charged with the security of the County Office Building in White Plains ­ the seat of County government ­ as well as the County's Department of Social Services offices located throughout Westchester. PSD Officers also handle calls to Social Services housing developments including the Coachman Hotel in White Plains and WestHELP in Greenburgh. Officers assigned to patrol these facilities make regular inspections and monitor the safety needs of management and clientele.

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The PSD also regularly patrols the main campus of Westchester Community College (WCC) in Greenburgh. A college that serves over 20,000 full, part-time and continuing education students requires the same community policing efforts as a town. The PSD works with campus security to maintain order within the bustling college environment. High-profile vehicle and foot patrols by uniformed PSD officers at WCC enhance the level of safety provided by private security. The 512-acre Westchester County campus (Grasslands Reservation) in Valhalla is home to the Westchester Medial Center, County Jail, New York Medical College, Woodfield Cottage Juvenile Detention Center, the Westchester County Police Academy, County Fire Training Center and other institutions. Ongoing, round-the-clock patrols by the PSD continue to yield positive results and an uncompromised sense of security on the campus. In yet another example of enhanced community policing, PSD Officers assigned to patrol the Grasslands campus work with employees and various administrators to maintain a safe and peaceful community. Surface Transportation Unit While the majority of the Patrol Services Division consists of uniformed officers, the members of the Surface Transportation Unit (or Bus Detail) most often go undetected by the public but serve another County need: policing of the Westchester's Bee-Line Bus System. With buses operating throughout the County, serving an ever-increasing number of citizens who opt to use public transportation, a specialized unit like the Bus Detail is required to handle the security issues of a mass transit operation. Plainclothes officers address the concerns of bus drivers and passengers by blending in with bus patrons to enforce quality-of-life violations that may arise. These problems include disorderly conduct, graffiti and the use of drugs and alcohol in buses and around transportation centers and bus stops. Working with the County's bus contractor, Liberty Lines, the Bus Detail responds to a wide array of conditions both on and off the buses. Communications Unit The Communications personnel of the Patrol Services Division provide the critical lifeline of communications between officers and County Police Headquarters. They are the first voice the public hears when calling for help. Communications is an integral part of all aspects of the Patrol function, and the Communication Officers are adept at prioritizing calls and dispatching officers to people who need help. In addition to communicating with patrol officers, civilian and police Communications personnel field a variety of calls from the public at all hours, giving information on road closures and vehicle impounds and receiving information on criminal activities, medical cases, motor vehicle accidents, suspicious activity and roadway conditions. PSD Communications Officers facilitate a constant flow of information and coordinate police, fire, emergency medical services, Department of Transportation and tow company responses. They are the voice of Patrol. Miscellaneous The PSD is often called to assist Westchester's municipal police departments in a variety of ways. From assistance on vehicle stops to emergency crowd control, the PSD continues to provide officers when requested. Breath Test Operators (used to process DWI arrests), Drug Recognition Experts, Accident Investigators and Accident Reconstructionists are examples of specialized PSD officers consistently requested to assist other departments. In addition, as the guardians of the parkway system, PSD officers are usually at an advantage to intercept suspects fleeing from local crime scenes as the parkways are always an attractive means of escape. Future Success The Patrol Services Division continues to improve its standard of excellence. The PSD has increased arrests over 45% in three years, making a record 1,257 arrests in 2007. 21

Aggressive traffic enforcement and sustained initiatives on the parkways have yielded clear results with DWI offenders taken off the road and aggressive and distracted driving curbed. The accomplishments of the Crash Reduction Unit and other enforcement details have only strengthened the resolve of the PSD officers to reduce motor vehicle accidents even further and find new ways to encourage safer driving in 2008. Community policing efforts in Cortlandt as well as on the Westchester Community College Campus, Grasslands Reservation and within the parks system will remain a priority. The successes of the PSD within these communities have highlighted the versatility of its officers. Patrol officers are relied on by the people they serve to sustain the level of safety and quality of police-community relations they continue to promote. Technological advances will enhance the capabilities of the PSD, most notably the implementation of new improvements to Communications made possible by a Capital Project. Funding for this Capital Project will provide a new state-of-the-art Communications Center at County Police Headquarters. The refurbishing of the booking room, which began in 2007, will be completed in 2008 and additional computer stations will facilitate arrest processing procedures. The use of advanced police software programs like TraCS (Traffic and Criminal Software) found in all patrol cars, will expand to include automated accident reports as well as summonses. The new technology will expedite police responses contributing to both officer and public safety overall. The Patrol Services Division is the most versatile dimension of the Department. Its ability to adapt to the ever-changing public is time-tested and reliable. From parkways to communities, parks to mass transit, the considerable policing abilities of the PSD will continue to lead the Westchester County Department of Public Safety into the future.

Public Safety Emergency Force

The Public Safety Emergency Force (PSEF) is an all volunteer, fully trained, peace officer contingent of the Department of Public Safety. The PSEF, formerly known as the Sheriff's Emergency Force, has a proud history that dates back to 1918. During World War II, PSEF members assisted in guarding County office buildings and the reservoir system properties throughout Westchester. In 1950, the PSEF was reorganized from a wartime civil defense unit into a peacetime emergency police reserve organization.

PSEF Chief John Elliot Today, its officers are sworn part-time deputy sheriffs of the Department. The PSEF's principle mission is to serve as reserve manpower for the Department of Public Safety and provide assistance to Westchester's many municipalities and police agencies in responding to emergencies or special events when crowd and/or traffic control is needed.

In 2007, the Public Safety Emergency Force was deployed over 76 times and logged 4,200 man hours rendering assistance to local municipalities throughout the County. The PSEF also worked a number of special assignments, including DWI checkpoints. Emergency Force members are required to complete rigorous, state and county certified training programs. Each member receives over 30 hours of in-service training in such areas as firearms proficiency, Penal Law Article 35, use of shotgun, Vehicle & Traffic Law, traffic control, vehicle stops, emergency vehicle operation, dignitary protection, road patrol training and terrorism indicators and reporting. In 2007, members logged 1,277 hours in training. 22

PSEF members receive a briefing before a parade detail (above) and attend training at the Police Academy.

Special Operations Division

Aviation Unit

2007 was the most active year in the twelve-year history of the Aviation Unit. With the expanded capabilities and mission equipment of the new Bell 407 helicopter, the Aviation Unit realized an 86% increase in utilization and a 98% increase in flight hours for 2007. The Aviation Unit provides assistance to all emergency service entities (police, fire, EMS, and emergency management) in Westchester County as well as other County agencies. When requested, the unit also provides Captain Paul Stasaitis assistance to state and federal agencies and on occasion to jurisdictions outside Westchester County. For the first time, in April of 2007, the Aviation Unit responded to a brush fire and assisted the Somers Fire Department with fire suppression efforts. The aircraft carries a bambi-bucket that can drop up to 160 gallons of water on a large brush fire or in a remote area to assist the fire service. The increased availability of the Aviation Unit resulted in it assisting in seven arrests and initiating four arrests when a group was observed vandalizing a park in the City of Yonkers on Halloween night. The aircrew reported the criminal mischief to the Yonkers Police Department which responded and apprehended all four suspects a short distance away. Without the direct 23

observation of the crime and identification of the suspects for Yonkers PD, these suspects would very likely have avoided apprehension.

Air 2, the new Bell 407 helicopter.

Aviation Unit Activity 2007

Missions - DPS 383 3% Missions - OJ 547 5% Environmental Patrols 499 4% Bike Path Patrols 367 3% Public Relations Details 45 0%

Homeland Security Patrols 4454 37%

Training 189 2%

Post Inspections 5603 46%

Flight Hours (2005-2007)

2007 494.8 249.5

2006

2005

292.3

0

100

200

300

400

500

24

During routine patrol flights, the aircrew is able to inspect remote areas of county parks and properties inaccessible by ground units. In addition, the unit routinely patrols the Hudson River and Long Island Sound and their shorelines looking for environmental issues such as illegal dumping, pollution, or other problems. Utility and railroad rights-of-way are also patrolled regularly as a part of ongoing counter-terrorism efforts and to detect any other police or public safety matters.

The Aviation Unit deploys divers from the New Rochelle PD during training exercises.

Aviation Unit Activity by Mission Type (2005-2007)

6000

5000 2005 4000 2006 2007 3000

2000

1000

0

s Mi

ns sio

-D

PS

s ls il s OJ ols ols on t ro eta a tr a tr scti Pa pe sD yP ion hP al t n t at ss Ins uri tio en Mi eP st ec ela nm Po Bik dS iro cR v lan bli En Pu me Ho

Tra

ng ini

25

To maintain this high level of service, the Aviation Unit was staffed in 2007 by four police officer pilots who maintain FAA commercial pilot licenses and train regularly to perform the highly specialized missions required of airborne law enforcement. The unit also had a second pilot designated as a Certified Flight Instructor (CFI) by the FAA to expand the training capabilities of the unit. The unit trains on a regular basis with other divisions and units within the Department of Public Safety and other agencies. The specialized services provided by the Aviation Unit include surveillance, aerial photography, fire suppression, video downlink, hoist rescue, long-line operations (rescue, cargo movement, personnel insertion) and searches, in addition to regular support of patrol units. The majority of these missions can be performed with either aircraft, the Bell 407 or the Hughes OH-6A, but some required the equipment on the newer helicopter.

Police Officer-Pilot Michael Susi flies Air 2 while Police Officer-Pilot Chris Lieberman prepares for hoist deployment during a training mission.

The Aviation Unit trains for firefighting operations.

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Bomb Squad Unit

The Westchester County Police Bomb Squad is one of only 13 bomb squads in the State of New York and is accredited by the Federal Bureau of Investigation. Comprised of highly skilled and exceptionally trained technicians, the members of this unit respond to calls for service that include possible improvised explosive devices, bomb threats, military ordinance, volatile chemicals, deteriorated explosives and dangerous fireworks. The Bomb Squad utilizes specialized equipment to approach, inspect, disarm and/or remove all types of explosive devices. Bomb Squad members are also adept at examining explosive devices in order to identify persons responsible for the devices' manufacture. Follow-up investigations are an integral part of the Bomb Squad function. Unit members are trained in advanced post-blast investigation. The Bomb Squad assists local jurisdictions in evidence gathering and crime scene processing. A considerable amount of time is spent analyzing data generated from explosive device investigations. The Westchester County Police Bomb Squad conducts numerous training sessions and seminars on bomb and bomb threat procedures. The Bomb Squad provides training to local police departments, fire departments and many businesses located in Westchester. The Bomb Squad also assists the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives in providing regional counter-terrorism training to local first responders.

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Special Response Team

The Special Response Team (SRT) is a group of highly trained and specially equipped police officers who respond to emergencies requiring advanced police tactics. The SRT is deployed in high-risk warrant executions, forced building entries, hostage situations, barricaded subjects and other incidents requiring specialized weapons, tactics or equipment. As with all services offered by the County Police, the SRT is available to all law enforcement agencies in Westchester County. SRT members train regularly in order to remain proficient with their skills for their response duties. An integral component of SRT training is cross training sessions with tactical response teams of other departments. The SRT assists in developing, coordinating and participating in multi-jurisdictional special response team training initiatives throughout the County.

Counter Sniper/Marksman Team

The Counter Sniper/Marksman Team (CST) consists of marksmen/observers, whose primary function is to augment the Special Response Team. The CST provides real time intelligence in critical situations through observation of the premises using specialized optical devices. The CST provides cover and operational support to SRT officers and other special response personnel as they mobilize during a deployment.

Canine Teams (K-9)

The Department of Public Safety presently has eight canine teams. Each team is comprised of a police officer handler and a specially trained canine. The teams provide this Department with the ability to detect virtually all types of explosives, a wide range of narcotics and the ability to track crime suspects or lost people. Each team is trained for a single law enforcement purpose (i.e., explosives, narcotics or tracking). In 2007, these canine teams performed approximately five hundred searches, with the narcotic detection canines being responsible for the seizure of more than 800 lbs. of marijuana and 9 lbs. of cocaine.

Detective Kenneth Hasko and his explosives detection canine Maxine

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Hostage Negotiation Team

The Hostage Negotiation Team (HNT) consists of police officers trained by the Federal Bureau of Investigation and a police psychologist serving as a mental health consultant in negotiation techniques. The purpose of the HNT is to intervene in crisis situations and to minimize the potential for loss of life by attempting to resolve incidents using negotiation skills. Generally, the HNT is deployed wherever there may be an armed, barricaded subject within the County's jurisdiction. The HNT has also been called upon by other law enforcement agencies requiring this specialized service. The HNT utilizes a nationally recognized negotiation team concept technique that assigns specific interconnected support tasks throughout the negotiation process. Moreover, the HNT conducts joint training exercises with the FBI and is often deployed together with our Special Response Team in the execution of high-risk search warrants or arrests where a hostage or armed barricade situation may evolve.

Mobile Command Post

The Department's Mobile Command Post (MCP), procured in 1997, was placed under the operational command of the Special Operations Division during 2005. This vehicle is outfitted with equipment to facilitate communication among emergency first responders. In 2006, a radio interoperability system (RIOS) was installed in the vehicle. This system enables radio communication between agencies operating on different frequencies.

The MCP is a self sufficient unit divided into three compartments: a five-station communications dispatch area, a galley and a command area. Communication capabilities include VHF-High and Low, UHF, low band, cellular and satellite communications, marine and aviation frequencies and audio-visual functions. The Mobile Command Post can also serve as a backup call taking center for the 911 system and provides communication redundancy in the event of a power failure.

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Mounted Unit

Police Officers Angela Caporale, Fabian Yearwood, Keith McCartney and Sean Lonergan

During 2006, Westchester County re-established a Mounted Unit to supplement patrol operations. Westchester County recognized the many advantages that a mounted unit can provide. A mounted unit offers unparalleled visibility while on patrol, both for the officer on horseback and for any person who may be in need of police aid. A team of mounted officers can provide invaluable assistance to officers on the ground in a crowd control situation. In the fall of 2006, four members of the Department of Public Safety began extensive training with the Nassau County Police Mounted Unit. Training for the officers included basic horsemanship, stable maintenance, formation work, crowd control techniques, methods of mount training and equine first aid. The Westchester County Police Mounted Unit became fully operational in March of 2007, and as with all of the Special Operations Division units, is available to all law enforcement agencies in the County. When not assigned to a specific detail, the Mounted Unit patrols a variety of locations, including Westchester County parks and bike paths, the Grasslands Reservation, the Westchester County Center, Westchester Community College, the Westchester County Airport and the Cortlandt Town Center. 30

Office of the First Deputy Commissioner

The Office of the First Deputy Commissioner is responsible for the:

First Deputy Commissioner Demosthenes Long

Office of the Chief of Administrative Services Office of Drug Prevention and STOP-DWI Police Academy/Training Division Office of Public Information Explorer Post 2007

Training Division/Police Academy

The Westchester County Department of Public Safety operates the New York State Zone 3 Police Training Academy, which serves the law enforcement communities of Westchester and Putnam Counties. The primary function of the Police Academy is to provide entry level and inservice training to police and peace officers within Zone 3. Course offerings are also available to local emergency first responders as well as state and federal health services disciplines. The Police Academy offers courses designed to develop or enhance specialized skills for veteran police and peace officers.

Director of Training Maryellen Martirano

The Police Academy continues to provide training in Counter-Terrorism, Incident Command System, Fraudulent Documents, Law Enforcement Prevention and Deterrence of Terrorist Acts and Critical Incident Management for Supervisors and Managers. 31

2007 Academy Course Offerings

Accreditation Workshop Advanced Crime Scene Auto Crimes Seminar Basic and Advanced Motor Vehicle Collision Investigation Courses Basic Criminal Investigation Course Basic Narcotics Identification School Basic Recruit School Blood Splatter Analysis Workshop Bomb Identification Training Breath Analysis Operation and Recertification Civil Enforcement Strategies Commercial Vehicle Enforcement Course Computer Courses (Telestaff, Impact, NYSPIN, Search Engines & E-Justice) Communication Operators Training Concealment Techniques Crime Scene Photography Critical Incident Response for Supervisors Datamaster Upgrade Deception Awareness Digital Photography DNA Recognition & Collection Domestic Violence & Child Abuse Training Drug Recognition Expert Course Drugs That Impair Driving Course DWI Detection and Standardized Field Sobriety Testing Emergency Vehicle Operation Instructor Epinephrine Auto Injector Training Field Training Officers Program Fingerprint Procedures Firearms Instructor Course Firearms Training Simulator (FATS) Fraudulent Documents Glock Armorer Course

Hostage Negotiation Impression Course Incident Command System Courses Instructor Development School Instructor Evaluator Course Integrity Briefing (Labs & Research) Internet for Investigators Juvenile Issues & Parties Law Enforcement Bicycle Operation Law Enforcement Prevention & Deterrence of Terrorist Acts Legal Updates License Plate Reader Training M & P Armorers Training National Incident Management System Patrol Response to Active Shooter Peace Officer Training Course Physical Fitness Instructors Course Police Supervision Radar/Lidar Operation & Recertification Radiation Detector Course Respiratory Protection Training School Violence Security Guard Training Standardized Field Sobriety Testing Basic & Instructor Courses Stress of Command Suicide Prevention Instructor Training Supervisory Communications Taser Training Transfer Training Transit Terrorist Tools & Training Wildfire Fighting WMD Awareness & Instructor Course Yonkers ESU Training

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Classroom Training

Handcuffing Techniques

Felony Stop

CPR Class

The Police Academy and the Department of Emergency Services sponsored an Incident Command System (ICS) training initiative to advance National Incident Management System (NIMS) compliance and improve interagency operations during an emergency or disaster. More than 2,000 responders, ranging from entry-level personnel to agency heads, participated in the more than 50 courses conducted by the Police Academy. The Department of Public Safety will continue this initiative in 2008, working cooperatively with local law enforcement agencies. The Police Academy continued to provide executive level training to Zone 3 law enforcement agencies by presenting courses designed specifically for department executives. These courses include: Supervisor Communications, Advanced Incident Command System, Management of Critical Incidents and Stress of Command. The Police Academy, although primarily staffed with police officers assigned from within the Department of Public Safety, utilizes certified police instructors from local law enforcement agencies within Zone 3. This collaborative effort enables the Police Academy to use local experts and provide superior training opportunities to law enforcement officers throughout Westchester and the surrounding area. During 2007, the Police Academy conducted 189 courses for over 4,700 students.

From left to right, bottom row; Police Officer Denise Potenza, Lieutenant Brian Cullen, Sergeant Vincent Antonecchia, Police Officer David Hecker Top row; Police Officer Christina Spano (White Plains Police Department), Police Officer Michael Wax, Police Officer Anthony Delpriore, Detective Raymond Bravo, Police Officer Joseph Lanzetta (Mount Vernon Police Department), Sergeant Daniel Langford

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Firing Range

A new climate controlled, eighteenposition, twenty-five yard indoor range Automated lighting and target system allowing for an infinite variety of shooting scenarios State-of-the-art classroom comfortably seating up to sixty students with a complete audio-visual system

Office of Drug Prevention and STOP-DWI (Special Traffic Options Program-Driving While Intoxicated)

The STOP-DWI Program was established in Westchester County in 1982, under provisions of New York State Vehicle and Traffic Law. The purpose of Westchester County's STOP-DWI Program is to develop, initiate and coordinate county, town, city and village efforts to minimize alcohol and other drug-related traffic injuries and fatalities. In 2002, County Executive Andrew Spano expanded the unit's responsibilities to include drug prevention and renamed it the Office of Drug Prevention and STOP-DWI.

Thomas G. Meier This office is now responsible for planning, implementing, coordinating and Director funding projects related to drug and alcohol abuse. The Office of Drug Prevention and STOP-DWI receives over one million dollars annually through DWI fines. The STOP-DWI Program is divided into five major operational categories: Enforcement, Probation, Prosecution, Evaluation & Administration and Public Information & Education.

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STOP DWI 2007 BUDGET $1,499,000

Labs, 40,000 3%

Probation 225,000 15%

Administration 335,000 22%

Court Related 55,000 4%

Enforcement 395,000 26%

PI/E 449,000 30%

Administration

Court Related

PI/E

Enforcement

Probation

Labs

STOP-DWI Patrol Project: The Patrol Project is an important component in the County's STOP-DWI strategy. The STOP-DWI Patrol Project coordinates enforcement activities and reimburses local municipalities for added DWI patrols and sobriety checkpoints during critical DWI activity hours. In 2007, over $300,000 was allocated to reimburse local police departments for overtime incurred to enforce DWI laws. The chart below shows a marked increase in these enforcement activities. Another contributing factor to this increase was the use of multijurisdictional sobriety checkpoints among different agencies and local police departments.

700

600

500

400

300

200

100

0

JANUARY FEBRUARY MARCH APRIL MAY JUNE JULY AUGUST SEPTEMBER OCTOBER NOVEMBER DECEMBER

2004

2005

2006

2007

The above statistics represent all police departments in Westchester County including state, county and local departments.

35

An analysis of the above numbers suggest that Driving While Intoxicated remains steady in Westchester County, however further analysis shows that arrests for Vehicle and Traffic Law 1192.4 (Driving While Ability Impaired due to Drugs) and 1192.4a (Driving While Ability Impaired due to Combined Drugs and Alcohol) have had significant increases. These increases are due to several factors: More drivers are operating motor vehicles impaired by drugs, and police have added training and emphasis on recognizing impaired driving due to drugs. The charts below depict the percentages of arrests for DWI, DWAI and DWAI (Drugs.) It should be noted that the Department of Public Safety arrest rate for DWAI (Drugs) is twice as high as the countywide total (32% to 16%).

WESTCHESTER COUNTY COUNTY POLICE DWI ARRESTS 2007

WESTCHESTER COUNTY DWI ARRESTS 2007

Refusals 11%

1192.4 DWAI DRUGS 6% 1192.2A AGGRAVATED DWI 6%

1192.4A DWAI COMBO 1%

1192.1 DWAI 2%

DWI-Drugs 32%

DWI-Alcohol 57%

1192.2 DWI 85%

DWI-Alcohol

DWI-Drugs

Refusals

1192.1 DWAI

1192.2 DWI

1192.2A AGGRAVATED DWI

1192.4 DWAI DRUGS

1192.4A DWAI COMBO

Westchester County Police are responsible for a significant portion of the increase in DWI/DWAI enforcement. During Commissioner Belfiore's stewardship of the Department, DWI/DWAI arrests have grown by 350%. The chart below shows the number of arrests from the Department of Public Safety since 1984. This chart demonstrates that the numbers in the last three years are among the highest in over two decades.

DWI ARRESTS BY YEAR

600 500

ARRESTS

525 371 307 245 200 258 352 273 208 177 206 237 243 245 280 251 262 206 178 158 192 198

543

400 300 200 100 0

335

Series1

1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 YEAR

STOP-DWI Law Enforcement Training: Standardized Field Sobriety Testing (SFST) continues to be an important training tool for police officers throughout the County. The STOP-DWI Program supports and funds this training. Every new police officer graduating from the Police Academy is trained to conduct SFST. In-service training of veteran police officers and refresher training continues to be a priority.

Police Officer Stuart Smith, an SFST trainer, demonstrates a commercially available alcohol detection device.

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Enforcement of Underage Drinking Laws (EUDL): Throughout 2007, STOP-DWI, the County Police, the District Attorney's Office and local police departments created the Alcohol Compliance Enforcement Task Force (ACE). ACE is designed to help bring expertise and resources to local jurisdictions to ascertain if local merchants are in compliance with Alcohol Beverage Control Laws with regards to the sale of alcoholic beverages. Under the umbrella of the County Executive's Westchester Coalition for Drug and Alcohol Free Youth, and a $100,000-a-year Federal Drug Free Communities Grant, this task force has also been effective in providing additional enforcement activities around prom season to help prevent prom-goers from attending proms intoxicated or sneaking alcoholic beverage into their proms. In addition, training is provided to law enforcement personnel in conducting compliance checks, party patrols, identifying false identification cards and other EUDL operations. The success of these operations have been shared with law enforcement agencies and coalitions around the state and country, via conferences and teleconferences hosted by the New York State Office of Alcohol and Substance Abuse Services, the New York State Department of Criminal Justice Services and the EUDL Training Center.

STOP-DWI Probation

An important part of the STOP-DWI Program is the reduction of recidivism (repeat offenders). STOP-DWI provides funding to the Department of Probation DWI Enforcement Unit, which is charged with monitoring over 1,300 DWI offenders. Probation officers carry out a number of programs utilizing this funding. Operation "Night Watch": The Department of Probation's special nighttime investigation and surveillance of DWI probationers in Westchester County helps to ensure compliance with judicial sanctions and restrictions placed upon probationers. Victims Impact Panel: STOP-DWI funds six Victims Impact Panels per year. The events are conducted by the Westchester County Department of Probation and the Westchester/Putnam Chapter of Mothers Against Drunk Driving. Although attendance is usually mandated by the courts as a condition of probation, many residents who are not mandated also attend. Over 3,000 probationers and/or residents have attended a Victims Impact Panel in 2007. This program has been so successful that in 2008, the number of Victim Impact Panels will be increased to 10. One panel is now offered for Spanish-speaking people.

Public Information and Education

Reduce Our Adolescents Drinking, Drugging and Driving (ROADD) Education Project: STOP-DWI funds the Student Assistance Services Corporation to provide health educators to teach high school students about the hazards of alcohol and other drugs on their driving abilities. The project stresses development of alternatives to drinking and taking drugs and the effect that drinking or drugging has on their ability to operate a motor vehicle safely. Driving Simulator: The diving simulator was first deployed as an educational tool to high schools in 2006. Since that time, thousands of students 15 to 18 years of age have received instruction on the simulation system. This trailer-mounted system has two complete driving stations that can simulate various driving scenarios and conditions: urban and rural; highway and local streets; clear, rain and snow conditions; day and night, and sober, impaired and intoxicated. In 2007, County Police deployed the simulator to 20 high schools and six community Driving Safety/Health fairs. 37

This $250,000 system is also used to augment entry-level training of police recruits and inservice training for veteran police officers in the safe handling of their vehicle in different types of pursuit situations. Westchester County Area College Consortium: The Westchester County Area College Consortium on alcohol and drug abuse is represented by faculty members from colleges and universities in and around Westchester. Its mission is to provide positive responses to the underage drinking problem both on and off campus. STOP-DWI funds a bi-annual countywide survey to assist colleges in identifying underage drinking and drugging trends on their campuses. Six colleges participate on alternating years and the results are shared with all the colleges and with county agencies. STOP-DWI also funds a semi-annual countywide leadership training program for Resident Advisors (RAs). RAs from every college are invited, and over one hundred participate. This important leadership training helps RAs to observe and recognize alcohol and drug abuse problems among students. It continues to be an important piece of the County Executive's overall strategy to curb underage drinking. Student Activities: The Office of Drug Prevention and STOP-DWI develops and coordinates middle school, high school and college projects to elicit and foster student efforts to deter drinking, drugging and driving. The Westchester County Teen Drinking Action Council, Students Against Destructive Decisions, STOP-DWI Poster Contest, leadership training and development conference, prom and graduation activities and student issue conferences are a few of the venues used to provide students with a way to promote alcohol and drug-free activities and ideas. Educational Resources: The Office of Drug Prevention and STOP-DWI provides educational literature and handouts to Westchester County schools. Tips for teenagers on the hazards of binge drinking, marijuana, drinking and driving, club drugs, cocaine and other risky behaviors are all provided, upon request, to any school. In cooperation with the South District, New York State Elks Association, additional Drug Awareness Education pamphlets are available for any group that requests them. An extensive library of educational videotapes on these subjects is available for educators to borrow. Several Fatal Vision goggles, which mimic various levels of intoxication, are also available upon request. County Executive Andrew Spano enlisted the help of Archie Comic Publications and issued Archie and his friends in Westchester. This four-story comic series addresses Drinking and Driving and middle school issues. Westchester Coalition for Drug and Alcohol Free Youth: The Westchester Coalition for Drug and Alcohol Free Youth acts as a resource for local coalitions in providing speakers, training workshops and information sharing on available grants and other topics. Over 20 local coalitions are members of the countywide coalition. Public Information Campaigns: These campaigns inform and educate the public about the legal and social consequences of Driving While Ability Impaired by alcohol and other drugs. The campaigns also foster and maintain public support for programs to prevent drunken and drugged driving. Development and distribution of informational and educational brochures and STOP-DWI promotional items are included in this campaign. 38

In 2005, the County Executive developed a comprehensive program designed to alert limousine companies and catering establishments of potential criminal sanctions for condoning or aiding underage drinking during proms. Operation Safe Prom is a partnership between County and local police departments to reduce the number of alcohol-related incidents for over 70 proms held throughout Westchester County. Schools are encouraged to share information with parents and encourage their participation in planning for an alcohol- and drug-free prom and after-prom party. In 2007, the county executive also met with representatives from Westchester's hotel industry to enlist their cooperation in making after-prom activities safe and alcohol-free.

Office of Public Information

The Office of Public Information, established in 2007, is headed by a civilian Public Information Officer (PIO) who is the Department's liaison to the media and to other governmental agencies. The PIO is responsible for responding to media inquiries, coordinating PIO Kieran O'Leary press conferences and public events, assisting police personnel with media relations at crime scenes and other field locations, and serving as the Department liaison on public relations matters. The PIO highlights the Department's significant initiatives and achievements, and disseminates accurate and timely information through media contacts, press releases, the Department web site, public service announcements and the annual report. The PIO also makes department commanders and members available to the media on a wide range of topics. Lastly, the PIO coordinates video production for documentaries and news stories of special interest, assists police personnel in developing informational and promotional materials and helps maintain and update the Department website. In the Media As Westchester County is located in the nation's largest media market, the Office of Public Information received hundreds of media inquiries in 2007 from reporters from local media, New York City media and national media outlets. From breaking news stories to enterprise and feature stories, the Westchester County Department of Public Safety was represented in a broad range of media coverage from network programming that aired coast-to-coast to major newspaper and television coverage in the New York area to the police blotter in local community newspapers. County police activities that received prominent coverage in 2007 included a prostitution sting that targeted sex for sale on Craigslist, seizures of illegal narcotics, arrests of pedophiles as a result of Internet stings and innovative county police strategies to safeguard prom-goers and curb underage drinking. Other major coverage resulted on a diverse range of topics: DWI enforcement, airport security, accident investigation and security at the Empire State Games, to name a few.

39

Explorer Post

In 2007, the Westchester County Department of Public Safety established a Law Enforcement Explorer's Post in the Town of Cortlandt for youth interested in law enforcement careers. Law enforcement exploring is a worksite-based program for young men and women who have completed the eighth grade and are between the ages of 14 and 20. This program helps youth gain insight into law enforcement career activities and offers experiential learning and fun-filled activities.

Explorers study police procedures, first aid, CPR and forensics. They participate in role-playing situations that police officers frequently encounter, such as motor vehicle stops, domestic disturbance and customer disputes. Explorers engage in a variety of community service activities throughout the year, including the Town of Cortlandt Community Day, bicycle helmet safety day and Safe Child/child safety seat events. The Westchester County Police Explorers have the opportunity to see up close some of the Department's specialized units in action, such as the Marine Unit, the Aviation Unit and the Mounted Unit. Field trips are planned and include the Westchester County Police Academy, Westchester County Forensics Laboratory, the New York City Police Academy and the New York City Police Museum. Westchester County Police Explorer Post #2007 is currently comprised of nine boys and girls from three high schools and is under the direction of Detective Thomas Camerino, the post advisor.

Detective Thomas Camerino, post advisor

Explorer Advisors: PO David Hecker, Det. Nicholas Autorino, PO Shannon Reilly, Det. Thomas Camerino & Sgt. Vincent Antonecchia

Back row: Dan Seymour, Bryan Cacciottoli, Maxana Weiss, Jorge Huilca, Roxanne Castano; Front row: Sean Amundson, Stephanie Barbosa, Ashley Pedrosa. Not pictured: Nicole Kelly

40

Chief of Administrative Services

The Chief of Administrative Services reports directly to the First Deputy Commissioner. This office oversees the operations of Administrative and Support Services. These functions encompass the activities of the Civil and Pistol Licensing Units, the Taxi and Limousine Commission, Fleet Management, the Crime Prevention and Physical Security Unit, Facilities, Maintenance and Capital Projects Management, the Property and Evidence Control Unit and the Records Unit.

Chief Inspector Roger R. Rokicki The Chief of Administrative Services is also tasked with coordinating policy and procedure development within the Department and maintaining the standards set by the New York State Law Enforcement Accreditation Commission. This office provides advice and counsel in the area of law enforcement accreditation forChief of Administar local municipalities.

The Department is accredited by the New York State Law Enforcement Accreditation Council. Reaccreditation was achieved for a third, five-year period in December 2007. Of 530 law enforcement agencies in New York State, only 123 or 23% have been accredited. The Westchester County Department of Public Safety is proud to have achieved and maintained accreditation status since 1992.

Crime Prevention Physical Security Unit

The Crime Prevention and Physical Security Unit (CPPSU) surveys County-owned or leased properties to evaluate security systems and procedures, and provides recommendations to enhance physical and procedural security. This unit conducted 51 security surveys and assessments during 2007. The unit addressed over 650 county employees, private sector groups and security agencies on crime prevention and security matters. The CPPSU monitors and evaluates the performance of protective services providers contracted by Westchester County.

Accreditation Program

Detective Nicholas Autorino of the CPPSU takes measurements for a security survey.

The Accreditation Program is a progressive and contemporary way of helping police agencies evaluate and improve their overall performance. Accreditation provides recognition that an organization meets or exceeds generally accepted best practices in the field. Accreditation acknowledges the implementation of policies that are conceptually sound and operationally effective.

Police Officer William A. Johnson reviews the accreditation standards.

41

Pistol Licensing Unit

The Pistol Licensing Unit serves the County by investigating applicants for concealed carry pistol licenses, dealer licenses and gunsmith licenses. The Pistol Licensing Unit has continued its efforts to locate and address pistol license holders who have failed to certify or recertify their licenses. Investigative efforts in 2007 resulted in the closing of 909 delinquent license cases and the securing of 687 firearms.

Police Officer Timothy Guerra (r.) assists a member of the public at the Pistol Licensing Unit.

PISTOL LICENSING UNIT ACTIVITY

Activity Original Applications Amended Applications Revocation Orders Orders to Show Cause House Inspections Weapons Secured County Attorney Referrals Brady Law Inquires 2005 627 148 61 31 100 1,250 100 2,993 2006 636 116 47 10 63 1,782 141 682 2007 519 141 32 29 55 687 111 1,210

Civil Unit

The Civil Unit is responsible for the service and execution of civil orders, judgments and mandates from the State Supreme Court, the County Court and local courts sited within the County of Westchester. The Civil Unit also serves as the enforcement vehicle for other state and federal jurisdictions where service is required within Westchester County. The Unit is located at 110 Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Blvd. (Low Rise building), 2nd Floor, White Plains, N.Y. The Civil Unit processes the following actions for the public and legal community: Income and property executions; Service and enforcement of Family Court orders; The processing and service of summonses, complaints, subpoenas and petitions; The execution and enforcement of court orders; Civil arrests, and The enforcement of orders of seizure, attachments, and warrants of eviction. 42

Lieutenant Frank J. Donovan

CIVIL UNIT ACTIVITY

Type Summonses Judgments Attachments/Seizures Total Civil Processes 2005 1,833 5,008 19 6,860 2006 1,900 6,170 24 8,094 2007 1,438 7,801 34 9,273

In 2007, the Civil Unit collected over $8,600,000 in judgments and generated over $913,000 in fees for Westchester County. Fee revenue increased 34% and total civil processes handled increased 35% over the last three years.

Type Cash Receipts Fees Disbursements

2005 2006 2007 $6,288,774 $7,603,056 $8,666,946 $ 681,006 $ 773,284 $913,256 $6,197,125 $7,558,819 $8,673,131

Neil Galeota and Dorothy Troiano discuss a judgment.

Operation Safe Child

Operation SAFE CHILD was created by the Governor's Office to raise awareness about child safety. Using digital fingerprint technology and high resolution photography, officers produce a SAFE CHILD Identification Card. Each card contains a child's name, biographical information (date of birth, gender, height, weight, hair color, eye color and specific identifying characteristics), as well as fingerprint images and a photograph. The card is produced within minutes and is provided to the parent or guardian at no cost. In the event a child is missing, this card can be presented to law enforcement. Since the data can also be stored in a New York State digitized file, it is available to be transmitted immediately to other law enforcement agencies, to assist Amber Alert notification and to the media to aid in investigations.

Detective Edward Rodriguez fingerprints a child for Operation Safe Child

During 2007, the Department conducted forty three details at various public gatherings throughout Westchester County. A total of 2,503 children were processed and SAFE CHILD ID Cards issued. Since the inception of this program in 2005, a total of 3,533 children have been processed and SAFE CHILD I.Ds. issued. 43

Westchester County Taxi & Limousine Commission

The Westchester County Taxi & Limousine Commission is responsible for overseeing the licensing and regulation of the for-hire industry in the County. Its mission is to enhance rider safety and improve the quality of for-hire vehicle services in Westchester. The Commission is comprised of eleven members appointed by the County Executive and the County Board of Legislators. The Chairperson is responsible for the agency's day-to-day activities. County Police serve as the enforcement arm of the WCTLC, inspecting base stations and patrolling the roadways of Westchester to ensure compliance with the County's For-Hire Vehicle Law.

Barbara Z. Monohan Chairperson

TLC Staff Members Rick Salemmo and Elvera Apicella process applicants.

County Police Officers James Dress and Brett Hochron conduct a TLC inspection in White Plains.

During 2007, the TLC booted or impounded 32 vehicles under the County's Vehicle Immobilization Program and substantially increased collections for unpaid TLC scofflaw fines. Between 2005 and 2007, there was a 27 percent increase in fines collected and a 36 percent increase in summonses issued.

WCTLC ACTIVITY BY YEAR

Type Total Applications Base Station Inspections Consumer Complaints Summonses Issued Immobilization/Impounds Scofflaw Fines Collected Total Fines Collected 2005 4,087 280 14 1,851 0 0 $145,442 2006 4,183 276 9 1,331 0 0 $120,557 2007 4,781 306 8 2,512 32 $77,105 $184,210

44

Support Services

Support Services plays an integral role in assisting operational units achieve their goals. This unit manages Capital Budget Projects, oversees the buildings and grounds of Department facilities, and is responsible for all new construction or refurbishments necessary to keep Headquarters safe for staff and the visiting public. Support Services is also responsible for the Department's compliance with OSHA regulations. It is comprised of four units: Facilities Maintenance, Fleet Management, Property Control Unit and the Records Unit.

Lieutenant James Tiedemann

Fleet Management

The Department fleet is comprised of over 250 ordinary and specialty vehicles. During 2007, fleet personnel developed a comprehensive database to more effectively track and service fleet vehicles. In 2007, all Crown Victoria vehicles placed in the Patrol fleet were equipped with a new fire suppressant system and a state-ofthe-art emergency lighting system.

Sergeant Michael O'Connor

Mechanic Jay Haviland

Mechanic Curtis Yarborough

Property Control Unit

The Property Control Unit (PCU) receives, maintains and disposes of all evidence and property recovered by members of the Department. This evidence and property includes narcotics, weapons, money, vehicles and items of all description. Found property is safeguarded until it can be returned to the rightful owner. When no owner can be located the property is turned over to the Bureau of Purchase and Supply for auction. In 2007, PCU received and processed 2,838 vouchers listing multiple pieces of evidence and property. Also in 2007, PCU prepared and carried out two narcotics destructions with a total combined weight of more than 2,000 pounds. The marijuana and narcotics involved in these destructions had a street value in excess of $26,000,000. Additionally, PCU completed the destruction of 507 firearms.

PO Matthew Hickey, Sgt. Michael Lavin & PO John Sullivan

45

Other duties of this unit include the requisition, storage and distribution of uniforms and equipment for all members of the Department, including Seasonal Park Rangers and Communications Operators. PCU initiated a program to upgrade and replace all Departmentissued body armor over a five-year period. The Property Control Unit continues to make improvements in all areas of its operation in order to maximize efficiency and effectiveness.

Property Control Unit 2005-2007

3500 3000 2500 2000 2005 1500 1000 500 0 Items Rec'd Items Released Narcotics Intake Firearms Rec'd Firearms Released 2006 2007

Facilities Maintenance

The Facilities Maintenance Unit is responsible for providing a clean and safe environment for Department members and the general public.

Luis Torres and John De Marino loading the recycling dumpster.

Daniel Hebert fixes a faucet.

46

Records Unit

The Records Unit administers the receipt and processing of motor vehicle accident reports, Department incident reports and traffic summonses/appearance tickets. In 2007, these reports consisted of 3,364 accident reports, 4,608 incident reports and 25,759 uniform traffic summonses and appearance tickets generated by police officers in the field. The Unit prepared 3,822 cases for trials in local courts, submitted over 900 supporting depositions, prepared over 200 pieces of trial evidence, received $133,440 in bail, and processed 887 bench and arrest warrants. The Records Access Officer received 91 Freedom of Information Act requests and processed 61 civil subpoenas for Departmental records.

Police Officer Anthony Morizio and Records Clerk Carol Brady examine a report.

Accidents By Parkway

1200

1000

800 2005 600 2006 2007 400

200

0 Saw Mill River Parkway Hutchinson River Parkway Cross County Parkway Bronx River Parkway

Accidents By Type

3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 2005 2006 2007 Non-Injury Injury Fatals Fatals Injury Non-Injury

47

Summonses Issued

2007

2006

Summonses

2005

0

5000

10000

15000

20000

25000

30000

Arrests By Crime Category Category Felony Misdemeanor Violation Infraction Total 2005 633 802 100 15 1,557 2006 644 939 181 21 1,785 2007 697 1256 141 19 2,113 Variance 2006 vs. 2007 53 8% 317 34% -40 -22% -2 -10%

2007 Arrest by Crime Catagory

Felony Misdemeanor Violation Infraction

Arrests By Type Arrest Type Warrant CIP/Summary Complaint Ord. Prot. VOP Other Unknown Grand Total 2005 521 701 178 6 123 17 11 1557 2006 493 935 169 13 130 9 36 1785 48 2007 531 1203 230 6 104 79 22 2179 Variance 2006 vs. 2007 38 7.7% 268 28.7% 61 36.1% -7 -53.8% -26 -20% 70 77.7% -14 -38.9%

Financial Overview

The Financial & Human Resources Unit's (FHR) mission is to enhance the performance of the Department of Public Safety by ensuring that administrative functions and support services are performed effectively and efficiently. This unit: Prepares and manages the Department's operating and capital budgets; Manages financial concerns; Develops/prepares and manages Department contracts and grants; Conducts personnel and payroll functions; and Oversees procurement of equipment purchases.

Director Donna Ritucci

The FHR Director advises the Commissioner in the aforementioned matters and acts as liaison with other County departments. The Director is also instrumental in developing new initiatives and projects within this agency and with other County Departments. FHR staff members are also involved in the implementation of new proprietary automated applications.

FHR members from left to right: Yanira Cruz, Esther Torres, Lou Codella, Julie Sweeney & Connie Sirena.

Department of Public Safety revenue is generated through police services that are provided to the Westchester County Airport, Westchester Community College, overtime reimbursement from construction details and voluntary overtime details at Sprout Brook and E-911 funds. Additional interdepartmental revenue comes from specific police services for individual County departments, such as, providing patrol services in County parks, bus transportation enforcement and security at County facilities. The County's Taxi & Limousine Commission generates departmental revenue from fees collected for the annual licensing of limousine base stations, drivers and vehicles in Westchester County. Additional revenue is generated from photographic reproduction and subpoena fees charged to individuals requiring such services. Fees are established based upon an hourly rate for each service, plus mileage and other costs that are incurred by the request. Moreover, the Department leases space to commercial firms on police radio towers, collects civil fees from the enforcement of court orders and civil judgments. Finally, the Department of Public Safety receives federal and state aid to fund specific law enforcement initiatives and programs. Federal aid helps to support the Drug Enforcement Administration and Fugitive Task Forces. State aid helps support seat belt enforcement and the Highway Emergency Local Patrol (HELP) Program.

49

2007 Budget Overview

Revenues

Interdepartmental Income

Tuition Reimb/State Aid 1%

----- Tax Levy ----- Services to Other Depts. ----- Department Income Department ----- Federal Revenue Income 17% ----- State Revenue ----- Tuition Reimb/State Aid Services to ----- Civil Fees Other Depts. Tax Levy ----- Limousine Fees 16% 61% ----- Total ---------------------------------------------------------------

Civil Fees 2% Limousine Fees 3%

Funding Source

Dollars (In 000's) $25,059 6,573 6,727 45 60 360 913 1,371 $41,108

Expenditures

2007 Expenditure by Category

Equipment 3% Interdepart 9% Supplies 3% Other* 7%

2007 Expenditure by Division

Academy 4% TLC 2%

Services/ Civil 9%

Overtime & Holiday 17%

Salary 61%

Police 85%

Category Salary Overtime & Holiday Interdepartmental Equipment Supplies Other* Total

Dollars (In 000's) $24,955 7,217 3,498 1,220 1,125 3,093 $41,108

Other Travel Educational Training Utilities Telephone Equip Service Rental Postage Investigations Communications Contractual Services Books Fees Repairs Memberships Advance to Grants Rental Space Total

Division Services/Civil Police TLC Academy Total

Dollars (In Millions) $ 3.7 34.9 1.0 1.5 $41.1

Budgeted Positions 34 285 10 8 337

Dollars (In 000's) $ 176 416 187 182 239 111 85 39 488 10 10 669 3 459 19 $3,093

50

Grants & Trusts

In 2007, the Department of Public Safety actively sought and obtained state, federal and other grant funds totaling $6,515,383. These funds were utilized to support our mission and enhance the safety and quality of life for all people living, working, visiting or recreating in Westchester County. This aid funded the following programs: Special Traffic Options Program ­ Driving While Intoxicated (STOP-DWI) ­ This program, established in 1982, is funded by fines and forfeitures collected from persons convicted of driving while intoxicated in Westchester County. STOP-DWI provides coordination, information and education in an effort to reduce alcohol-related traffic injuries and fatalities. Laboratory Forensic Image System ­ The goal of this new program is to improve the forensic analysis provided to the criminal justice system by the Westchester County Department of Public Safety Crime Laboratory. Motor Vehicle and Insurance Fraud ­ This program enables the Department to participate in the District Attorney's Auto Theft Unit. The purpose of the unit is to reduce motor vehicle theft and insurance fraud in Westchester County. Westchester County Drug Enforcement Administration Task Force ­ The function of this Task Force is to disrupt illicit drug traffic in the Westchester area by targeting violators and trafficking organizations. The Task Force also gathers and reports intelligence information relating to trafficking in narcotics and other dangerous drugs. Parkway Patrol ­ The Department provides patrol services on three New York State parkways that pass through Westchester County. The roadways are the Cross County, Saw Mill River and Hutchinson River Parkways. Town of Cortlandt Patrol ­The New York State Police and this Department share responsibility for patrolling the Town of Cortlandt and responding to calls for service. Law Enforcement Training Grant ­ This grant provides funding to train police officers in Standardized Field Sobriety Testing and as Breath Analysis Operators to enhance our ability to identify impaired drivers. Law Enforcement Terrorism Prevention Program ­ This funds the current upgrade of the repeater system in Westchester County. These upgrades, when completed, will provide countywide communications in an emergency and provides interoperability between all local law enforcement agencies. State Homeland Security Program ­ This grant funds the additional expenses associated with the repeater system upgrades. Operation Impact ­ This grant provides funding for a statewide initiative to reduce violent crime in local jurisdictions through improved coordination among federal, state and local criminal justice agencies using data driven strategies. Firearm Lab Capacity Enhancement Initiative Program ­ This grant is provided to enhance the capacities of local crime laboratories to process, in a timely basis, firearm or firearm related evidence. 51

Buffer Zone Protection Plan ­ This grant provides funding for the purchase of equipment to reduce vulnerabilities at Indian Point.

Capital Projects

The Westchester County Capital Budget provides funds for long-term physical improvements, such as the acquisition, construction, or improvement of buildings and for the purchase of certain types of equipment. The Department of Public Safety has proposed and identified a number of projects that enhance its ability to provide optimum police and public safety services to the citizens of Westchester County. Long-range Department planning projects are delineated in the heading Buildings, Land & Miscellaneous category, and include the following: BPS06 - Public Safety Headquarters Infrastructure -- The purpose of this project is to maintain the current facility and capital investment the County has made in the Headquarters complex. BPS10 ­ County Firing Range -- Construction of the new Westchester County Firing Range was completed in 2007. This professional indoor range meets the increasing need for a suitable facility to train police recruits as well as in-service law enforcement/public safety personnel throughout the County. BPS11 ­ Heavy Equipment -- The Department of Public Safety utilizes several pieces of equipment to fulfill its mission to serve the needs of all municipalities throughout the County. BPS12 ­ New Public Safety Headquarters -- This project will fund the design and construction of a new 13,200 square foot Public Safety Administrative Headquarters. The current Headquarters building has been stretched beyond its functional capability. The Department's mission has expanded and services provided to Westchester residents has increased tremendously over the past 25 years. Administrative staff will be relocated to the new facility, leaving the Department's operational units more functional space to accomplish our mission. This project goes hand-in-hand with BPS15. BPS14 ­ Public Safety Helicopter -- A state-of-the-art Bell 407 helicopter was procured and will aid the Department in fulfilling its expanding mission. The helicopter is able to transport multiple personnel, assist in fighting fires or transport individuals requiring emergency medical attention. BPS15 ­ Renovation of Public Safety Facility in Hawthorne -- The current Public Safety Headquarters Building was built in 1953, with an addition made in 1986. As the breadth of the services provided by the Department expands to address the changing needs of the community, so must the physical accommodations. Once the administrative staff is relocated, the Hawthorne facility will become the Public Safety Operations Headquarters, and the renovations to accommodate the remaining units will ensue. BPS16 ­ Communications Room and Equipment Upgrade -- This project will upgrade the Department's Communication Unit to meet the demands placed on it today and into the future. The project will address issues such as officer safety, system reliability, work environment and update technology and communications.

52

In Memoriam

Westchester County Police Department Officers Who Have Given Their Lives in the Line of Duty

Police Officer Raymond Tehan Police Officer George Segnit Police Officer Clifton Cypher Police Officer Michael Erdley Police Officer Manuel Borgos Police Officer Reuben Conklin Police Officer John Chabala Police Officer George Ruthven Police Officer Francis Bradley Police Officer James Groark Deputy Sheriff William Fitzgerald Police Officer John Gonda Deputy Sheriff Kieran Grant Police Officer Gary Stymiloski

1925 1929 1930 1933 1938 1943 1948 1954 1960 1966 1968 1969 1979 1985

53

Governing Bodies

Andrew J. Spano, Westchester County Executive Westchester County Board of Legislators

Legislator George Oros (R) Peter B. Harckham (D) John M. Nonna (D) Michael B. Kaplowitz (D) William J. Ryan (D) (Chairman) Martin L. Rogowsky (D) Judith A. Myers (D) Lois T. Bronz (D) William E. Burton (D) Vito J. Pinto (D) James Maisano (R) Thomas J. Abinanti (D) Lyndon D. Williams (D) Bernice Spreckman (R) Gordon A. Burrows (R) Kenneth W. Jenkins (D) Jose I. Alvarado (D) Legislative District Buchanan, Cortlandt (Part), Peekskill, Yorktown (Part) Bedford, Lewisboro, Mount Kisco, North Salem, Pound Ridge, Somers (Part) Briarcliff Manor (Part), Mount Pleasant, Pleasantville, Greenburgh (Part), Harrison (Part), North Castle Somers (Part), Yorktown (Part), New Castle White Plains (Part), Scarsdale Harrison (Part), Port Chester, Rye Brook Rye, Rye City, Village and Town of Mamaroneck, Larchmont Sleepy Hollow, Tarrytown, Greenburgh (Part), Elmsford, White Plains (Part)) Cortlandt (Part), Croton-on-Hudson, Town and Village of Ossining, Briarcliff Manor (Part) Eastchester, New Rochelle (Part), Tuckahoe New Rochelle (Part), Pelham, Pelham Manor Irvington, Dobbs Ferry, Hastings-on-Hudson, Ardsley, Greenburgh (Part) Mount Vernon (Part) Yonkers (Part), Mount Vernon (Part) Yonkers (Part), Bronxville Yonkers (Part) Yonkers (Part)

Department of Public Safety Police Advisory Board

Lawrence Otis Graham, Chairperson Michael Bruno Dr. Giulio Cavallo Donald Dozier Napoleon Mitchell Peter D. Kamerstein

54

Military Recognition

The Westchester County Department of Public Safety is grateful for the sacrifice, dedication and courage of our members who have been called to active military service in Iraq and Afghanistan. We celebrate the safe return of those who have completed their tours of duty. Our thoughts and prayers are with those who are currently deployed.

55

EXCERPTS FROM LETTERS OF APPRECIATION RECEIVED IN 2007

...All of the officers acted swiftly and in the most professional manner in the apprehension of this dangerous criminal." ...From the moment they arrived we knew we were in the hands of true professionals." ...I know I speak on behalf of the Mayor and the Board of Trustees when I express our sincere gratitude for the assistance and professionalism provided by your agency." ...is truly an officer and a gentleman, and he made a scary situation okay." ...In response to a request for your department's assistance, your Patrol Services and Aviation Units were dispatched and responded to the scene. Within minutes of their arrival your personnel were deployed and a search was commenced." ...was extremely courteous and helpful." ...The presence of the additional uniformed members of the Emergency Force provided the necessary level of police presence to ensure that an event in which over 5,000 people attended went smoothly and that the safety of the public received the highest priority." ...within a matter of minutes they were at the scene with their patrol boat. They were able to retrieve me and my equipment and bring me back safely to the Irvington boat marina." ...In today's environment of "high alert" it is nice to see an officer taking the time to help an elderly couple with a personal transportation problem. It is often the simple things that officers do for the citizens that make the most positive impression." ...assisted me in a very professional and respectful manner. He is a credit to our county." ...We want to extend our thanks to you for arranging to have the Drunk Driving Simulator available to us for our health fair on Oct. 2...Feedback from the participants of the simulator was very positive." ...We are appreciative of the relationship we enjoy with your agency and look forward to the continued cooperation between our departments." ..."I would like to take this opportunity to express my gratitude to the detectives who were assigned to this case." ...I am part of an organized windsurfing, kite-boarding, kayaking group of about two hundred active members... We very much value the marine service provided by the Westchester County Police. It makes the Hudson River a friendlier, safer, environment."

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