Read Treated Lumber - Backyard Projects: Deck text version

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Georgia-Pacific

deck

deck

MATERIALS LIST

DECK 5 1" x 6" x 8' treated lumber 98 2" x 4" x 8' treated lumber 5 2" x 6" x 8' treated lumber 2 2" x 8" x 8' treated lumber 9 2" x 8" x 12' treated lumber 1 2" x 8" x 16' treated lumber 1 2" x 10" x 12' treated lumber 3 2" x 10" x 16' treated lumber 2 2" x 12" x 12' treated lumber 1 2" x 12" x 16' treated lumber 3 4" x 4" x variable length treated lumber 18 joist to beam framing anchors 32 galvanized corner braces 50 2 1/2" galvanized machine bolts, 1/4" diam., with 2 washers per bolt 40 4" galvanized machine bolts, 3/8" diam., with 2 washers per bolt 72 6 1/2" galvanized machine bolts, 3/8" diam., with 2 washers per bolt 9 7 1/2" galvanized machine bolts, 3/8" diam., with 2 washers per bolt 32 2" galvanized lag screws, 1/4" diam., with 1 washer per lag screw 18 4" galvanized lag screws, 3/8" diam., with 1 washer per lag screw 28 7" galvanized lag screws, 3/8" diam., with 1 washer per lag screw 20 lbs. 16d, hot-dipped, galvanized nails 8 90 lb. sacks, prepackaged concrete mix 1 1/2 cubic ft. washed gravel NOTE: For a free standing deck, one additional beam assembly and additional hand rails are required. STEPS 2 1" x 6" x variable length treated lumber 4 1/2 per step -- 2" x 4" x 8' treated lumber 1/2 per baluster post -- 2" x 4" x 8' treated lumber Variable -- 2" x 4" x 10' treated lumber (10' will do cleats for 4 steps) 2 2" x 6" x variable length treated lumber 1 2" x 8" x 8' treated lumber 2 2" x 12" x variable length treated lumber 1 4" x 4" x 8' treated lumber 8 4" galvanized corner braces 12 2 1/2" galvanized machine bolts, 1/4" diam., with 2 washers per bolt 4 per step -- 4" galvanized machine bolts, 1/4" diam., with 2 washers per bolt 5 5 1/2" galvanized machine bolts, 3/8" diam., with 2 washers per bolt 2 per baluster -- 6 1/2" galvanized machine bolts, 3/8" diam., with 2 washers per bolt 8 2" galvanized lag screws, 1/4" diam., with 1 washer per bolt

NOTE: All wood products are pressure treated with Chromated Copper Arsenate preservative. All wood products in contact with the ground should be treated to a .40 ground contact retention. NOTE: In some applications you may use screws instead of nails for better holding power. NOTE: Deviations from or alterations to the deck plan may affect structural stability. Consult with a local designer before altering plan. All spans designed for No. 2 or better Southern Pine. TIP: Use water repellent or stain with water repellent when your job is finished to help protect your pressure treated wood from splitting, checking, and warping.

Georgia-Pacific Corporation makes no warranties expressed or implied regarding this plan and specifically disclaims the warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. Check with an architect or a building expert to make sure that this plan is appropriate to your situation and meets local building codes. Read carefully the consumer information sheet on pressure treated wood before starting construction.

deck

varies 6" 3' 5 1/2" 12" 6" 2 x 6 Cap rail 1 x 6 Side rail 2 x 4 Baluster 2 x 4 Baluster 3" 15" 2' 4" 7" 4" 2 x 4 Decking-nail thru outside of stringer 45° angle 4 x 4 Footing 2 x 4 Cleat - attach with - attach with two 4" galv. machine two 4" corner bolts, 1/4" diam., with 2 braces washers varies 2" 2 x 4 Decking - nail with 16d, hot-dipped galvanized nails 3/16" Spacing between decking 2 x 8 Joist with framing anchor at beam Galvanized corner brace--each side of joist, 2" from top of joist and header, bolt with 2 1/2" galv. machine bolts, 1/4" diam., with 2 washers 2 x 8 Header--nail with 16d, hot-dipped galv. nails 2 x 12 Fascia--bolt to header with 4" galvmachine bolts, . 3/8"diam., with 2 washers 2 x 10 Beam--attach with 3 - 7 1/2" galv. machine bolts, 3/8" diam., with 2 washers 2 x 8 Ledger-- attach with 5-5 1/2" galv. machine bolts, 3/8" diam., with 2 washers, 10" o.c. Ground level 4 x 4 Post--height varies, 1/3 of post must be below ground level, with a minimum of 2 1/2' below ground level - max. post height above ground level - 8' Concrete footing Washed gravel 2 x 12 Stringer--attach to ledger with 2" - 4" corner braces and toenail to the ledger - max. length 10' NOTE: Allow a 1/4" joint between butt joints on the decking.

3"

2 x 4 Decking--nail thru outside of stringer 3/16" Spacing between decking 2 x 8 Ledger SECTION THRU STEPS, POST, & BEAM 2 x 8 Header 2 x 12 Facia 2 x 4 Decking 2 x 8 Joist Galv. corner brace--each side of joist, 2" from top of joist and header with 2 1/2" galv. machine bolts, diam., with 2 washers 4" Galv. machine bolts Attach 2 x 8 ledger with 5 - 5 1/2" galv 2 x 4 Cleat machine bolts, 3/8" diam., with 2 washers, 10" o.c., countersink boltheads 1/4" 2 x 12 Stringer--attach to facia with two 4" corner braces and toenail to ledger with 16d, hot-dipped galv. nails

12"

SECTION THRU LEDGER

2 x 10 Beam--bolt thru spacer bloc Existing structure structural member in wall with a 7" galv 1/2" Joint at wall lag screw, 3/8" diam., with washer 2 x 4 Decking - for masonry walls use galv. masonry bolts and anchor, with washer 3/16" Spacing 2 x 8 Joist 4" Galv. corner brace, each side of joist - bolt to joist with 2 1/2" galv machine bolts, 1/4" diam., with 2 washers, bolt to beam with 2" galv lag screws, 1/4" diam, with washer 2 x 4 Ledger--bolt to beam 2 x 10 Spacer block with 4" galv. lag screws, Countersink lag screw 3/8" diam., with washer 1/2" Joint between decking and wall behind ledger 2"

6"

Possible location for deck - next to an existing door 1'6" 12" Existing structure 2 x 4 Ledger 2 x 10 Spacer block 2 x 10 Beam Open space between spacer blocks for drainage Extend decking to edge of joist - allow a 3/16" joint at end of decking 2 x 4 Baluster 2 x 8 Joist 2 x 12 Facia 2 x 8 Blocking 4 x 4 Posts Attach joist to beam with framing anchors 6" 6" 6" 6" 2 x 10 Beams 2 x 12 Fascia 2 x 8 Header 2 x 12 Stringer Steps - Number of steps must be adjusted for the height differences of each individual site 2 x 4 Decking 4 x 4 Footing

BEAM SECTION AT WALL

2 x 6 Cap rail 1 x 6 Side rail 2 x 4 Baluster

3'

3/16" Spacing 2 x 4 Decking 2 x 8 Joist 4" Corner bracer at joist 10' 2 x 8 Header 6 1/2" Galv. machine bolt, 3/8" dia., with 12' 2 washers, countersink head 1/2" 2 x 12 Facia

6'

2 x 4 Decking - alternate joints 12" 2' o.c. 2' 12" 2' o.c. 7' o.c. 2'

11 1/4" 4"4" 2"

SECTION THRU RAIL

12"

2'

varies

Miter joint 2 x 6 Cap rail

12"

12" o.c

9' 16'

3'9" 4' 6'

3'

DECK PLAN

deck

Consumer information approved by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency For Inorganic Arsenical Pressure Treated Wood.

WHENEVER YOU BUILD WITH TREATED WOOD PRODUCTS FROM GEORGIA-PACIFIC, BUILD CORRECTLY.

Whatever you build with Georgia-Pacific treated wood products should last a long time. So, it makes good sense to build in a craftsmanlike manner. Here are some helpful tips to make your job easier and look better.

CONSUMER INFORMATION

This wood has been preserved by pressure-treatment with an EPA-registered pesticide containing inorganic arsenic to protect it from insect attack and decay. Wood treated with inorganic arsenic should be used only where such protection is important. Inorganic arsenic penetrates deeply into and remains in the pressure-treated wood for a long time. Exposure to inorganic arsenic may present certain hazards. Therefore, the following precautions should be taken both when handling the treated wood and in determining where to use or dispose of the treated wood.

USE GALVANIZED FASTENERS.

Use galvanized or stainless nails, screws, or bolts when working with pressure treated wood. These types of fasteners are corrosion-resistant and should minimize rust stains on your project.

USE SITE PRECAUTIONS

Wood pressure-treated with waterborne arsenical preservatives may be used inside residences as long as all sawdust and construction debris are cleaned up and disposed of after construction. Do not use treated wood under circumstances where the preservatives may become a component of food or animal feed. Examples of such sites would be structures or containers for storing silage food. Do not use treated wood for cutting-boards or countertops. Only treated wood that is visibly clean and free of surface residue should be used for patios, decks, and walkways. Do not use treated wood for construction of those portions of beehives which may come into contact with the honey. Treated wood should not be used with public drinking water, except for uses involving incidental contact such as docks and bridges.

NAIL BARK SIDE UP.

Always nail boards bark side up (annual rings arc upward) to reduce cupping. Nail thin boards to thicker boards to maintain structural integrity.

Treated Lumber

DRILL PILOT HOLES.

Especially when nailing near the edge or end of a board, it's a good idea to drill pilot holes for your fasteners.

BUTT BOARDS TIGHTLY.

Butt decking boards together firmly. As drying occurs, some shrinkage can be expected.

HANDLING PRECAUTIONS

Dispose of treated wood by ordinary trash collection or burial. Treated wood should not be burned in open fires or in stoves, fireplaces, or residential boilers because toxic chemicals may be produced as part of the smoke and ashes. Treated wood from commercial or industrial use (e.g., construction sites) may be burned only in commercial or industrial incinerators or boilers in accordance with state and Federal regulations. Avoid frequent or prolonged inhalation of sawdust from treated wood, When sawing and machining treated wood, wear a dust mask. Whenever possible, these operations should be performed outdoors to avoid indoor accumulations of airborne sawdust from treated wood. When powersawing and machining, wear goggles to protect eyes from flying particles. Gloves can provide extra protection against splinters and freshly treated wet wood. Allow freshly treated wet wood to dry thoroughly before handling. Follow good personal hygiene practices in the shop and on the job. After working with the wood, and before eating, drinking, and use of tobacco products, wash exposed areas thoroughly. If preservatives or sawdust accumulates on clothes, launder before reuse. Wash work clothes separately from other household clothing.

APPLY A WEATHER-RESISTANT FINISH...

Any exposed wood, pressure treated or not, should be protected from the weather. Application of a finish coat of clear water repellent or semi-transparent stain will help to minimize warping, checking, or splitting. The finish coat should be applied to pressure treated wood as soon as it is dry to the touch, and immediately to untreated wood. (Option: stain or water repellent may be applied when the wood is surface dry.)

www.gp.com

Treated Lumber

© 2000 Georgia-Pacific Corporation. All rights reserved. Printed in the U.S.A. 6/00. Lit. Item #121765.

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